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HISTORY AND HISTORICAL MEMOIRS.
Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson, Governor of Nottingham Castle and Town,
Representative of the County of Nottingham in the Long Parliament, and of the
Town of Nottingham in the First Parliament of Charles II. &c.; with Original Anec-
dotes of many of the most distinguished of his Contemporaries, and a summary
Review of Public Affairs: Written by his Widow, Lucy, daughter of Sir Allen Apsley,
Lieutenant of the Tower, &c. Now first published from the Original Manuscript,
by the Rev. JULIUS HUTCHINSON, &c. &c. To which is prefixed the Life of Mrs.
Hutchinson, written by Herself, a Fragment.....
The Works of Jonathan Swift, D. D., Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. Containing Additional
Letters, Tracts, and Poems, not hitherto published. With Notes, and a Life of the
Author, by WALTER SCOTT, Esq...
Correspondance inédite de Madame du Deffand, avec D'Alembert, Montesquieu, le Pré-
sident Henault, La Duchesse du Maine, Mesdames de Choiseul, De Staal, &c. &c.. 93
Lettres de Mademoiselle de Lespinasse, écrites depuis l'Année 1773 jusqu'à l'Année
Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship: a Novel. From the German of GOETHE..
X The Correspondence of Samuel Richardson, Author of Pamela, Clarissa, and Sir Charles
Grandison; selected from the original Manuscripts bequeathed to his Family. To
which are prefixed, a Biographical Account of that Author, and Observations on his
Writings. By ANNA LETITIA BARBAULD..
Correspondance, Littéraire, Philosophique et Critique. Adressée à un Souverain d'Alle-
magne, depuis 1770 jusqu'à 1782. Par le BARON DE GRIMM, et par DIDEROT
Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Victor Alfieri. Written by Himself........
The Life and Posthumous Writings of William Cowper, Esq. With an Introductory
Letter to the Right Honourable Earl Cowper. By WILLIAM HAYLEY, Esq..... 154, 163
Memoirs of Lady Fanshawe, Wife of the Right Honourable Sir Richard Fanshawe,
Baronet, Ambassador from Charles the Second to the Court of Madrid in 1665.
Written by Herself. To which are added, Extracts from the Correspondence of Sir
Memoirs of Samuel Pepys, Esq. F. R. S., Secretary to the Admiralty in the Reigns of
Charles II. and James II., comprising his Diary from 1659 to 1669, deciphered by
the Rev. John Smith, A. B., of St. John's College, Cambridge, from the original Short-
hand MS. in the Pepysian Library, and a Selection from his Private Correspondence.
Edited by RICHARD LORD BRAYBROOKE.....
A History of the early Part of the Reign of James the Second; with an Introductory
Chapter. By the Right Honourable CHARLES JAMES Fox. To which is added an
History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus. By WASHINGTON IRVING.... 259
Memoirs of Zehir-ed-din Muhammed Baber, Emperor of Hindustan, written by Himself,
in the Jaghatai Turki, and translated partly by the late JOHN LEYDEN, Esq. M. D.,
partly by WILLIAM ERSKINE, Esq. With Notes and a Geographical and Historical
Introduction: together with a Map of the Countries between the Oxus and Jaxartes,
and a Memoir regarding its Construction, by CHARLES WADDINGTON, Esq., of the
East India Company's Engineers....
Endymion: a Poetic Romance. By JOHN KEATS..
Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes, and other Poems. By JOHN KEATS, author of
Account of the Life and Writings of Thomas Reid, D.D., F.R.S. Edinburgh, late Professor
of Moral Philosophy in the University of Glasgow. By DUGALD STEWART, F.R.S.. 486
Memoirs of Dr. Joseph Priestley, to the Year 1795, written by himself: With a Continua-
tion to the Time of his Decease, by his Son Joseph Priestley; and Observations on
his Writings. By THOMAS COOPER, President Judge of the Fourth District of Penn-
sylvania, and the Reverend WILLIAM CHRISTIE....
Academical Questions. By the Right Honourable WILLIAM DRUMMOND, K.C., F.R.S.,
F.R.S.E. Author of a Translation of Persius.....
The Novels and Tales of the Author of "Waverley;" comprising "Waverley," "Guy
Mannering," "Antiquary," "Rob Roy," "Tales of My Landlord, First, Second, and
Third Series;" New Edition, with a copious Glossary..
NOVELS, TALES, AND PROSE WORKS OF FICTION.
Tales of Fashionable Life. By Miss EDGEWORTH, Author of "Practical Education,"
," "Castle Rackrent," &c....
Waverley, or 'Tis Sixty Years Since....
Tales of My Landlord, collected and arranged by Jedediah Cleishbotham, Schoolmaster
and Parish Clerk of the Parish of Gandercleugh......
Rob Roy. By the Author of "Waverley," "Guy Mannering," and "The Antiquary" 535 X
Ivanhoe. A Romance. By the Author of "Waverley," &c..............
The Provost. By the Author of "Annals of the Parish," "Ayrshire Legatees," &c....
Sir Andrew Wyllie of that Ilk. By the Author of "Annals of the Parish," &c....
The Steam Boat. By the Author of "Annals of the Parish," &c. .....
The Entail, or the Lairds of Grippy. By the Author of "Annals of the Parish," "Sir
Andrew Wyllie," &c....
Ringan Gilhaize, or the Covenanters. By the Author of "Annals of the Parish," &c... ib.
Valerius, a Roman Story...
Lights and Shadows of Scottish Life..
A Portraiture of Quakerism, as taken from a View of the Moral Education, Discipline,
Peculiar Customs, Religious Principles, Political and Civil Economy, and Character
of the Society of Friends. By THOMAS CLARKSON, M. A., Author of several Essays
on the Subject of the Slave Trade......
Memoirs of the Private and Public Life of William Penn. By THOMAS CLARKSON, M. A. 651
A Selection from the Public and Private Correspondence of Vice-Admiral Lord Colling-
wood: interspersed with Memoirs of his Life. By G. L. NEWNHAM COLLINGWOOD,
Esq., F. R. S.
Essays on the Nature and Principles of Taste.-By ARCHIBALD ALISON, LL. B., F. R. S., Prebendary of Sarum,* &c. 2 vols. 8vo.
THERE are few parts of our nature which I define what green or red is, say that green is have given more trouble to philosophers, or the colour of grass, and red of roses or of appeared more simple to the unreflecting, blood, it is plain that we do not in any respect than the perceptions we have of Beauty, and explain the nature of those colours, but only the circumstances under which these are pre-give instances of their occurrence; and that sented to us. If we ask one of the latter (and one who had never seen the objects referred larger) class, what beauty is? we shall most to could learn nothing whatever from these probably be answered, that it is what makes pretended definitions. Complex ideas, on the things pleasant to look at; and if we remind other hand, and compound emotions, may alhm that many other things are called and ways be defined, and explained to a certain perceived to be beautiful, besides objects of extent, by enumerating the parts of which sight, and ask how, or by what faculty he they are made up, or resolving them into the supposes that we distinguish such objects, we elements of which they are composed: and aust generally be satisfied with hearing that we may thus acquire, not only a substantial, it has pleased God to make us capable of such though limited, knowledge of their nature, a perception. The science of mind may not but a practical power in their regulation or appear to be much advanced by these re- production. sponses; and yet, if it could be made out, as some have alleged, that our perception of beauty was a simple sensation, like our perception of colour, and that the faculty of taste was an original and distinct sense, like that of seeing or hearing; this would be truly the only account that could be given, either of the sense or of its object;-and all that we could do, in investigating the nature of the latter, would be to ascertain and enumerate the circumstances under which it was found to indicate itself to its appropriate organ. All that we can say of colour, if we consider it very strictly, is, that it is that property in objects by which they make themselves known to the faculty of sight; and the faculty of sight can scarcely be defined in any other way than as that by which we are enabled to discover the existence of colour. When we attempt to proceed farther, and, on being asked to
The greater part of this paper was first printed to the Edinburgh Review for May 1811; but was afterwards considerably enlarged, and inserted as a separate article (under the word BEAUTY) in the supplement to the Encyclopædia Britannica, pubished in 1824, and subsequently incorporated into The new edition of that great work in 1841, from which it is now reprinted in its complete form, by be liberal allowance of the proprietors.
It becomes of importance, therefore, in the very outset of this inquiry, to consider whether our sense of beauty be really a simple sensation, like some of those we have enumerated, or a compound or derivative feeling, the sources or elements of which may be investigated and ascertained. If it be the former, we have then only to refer it to the peculiar sense or faculty of which it is the object; and to determine, by repeated observation, under what circumstances that sense is called into action: but if it be the latter, we shall have to proceed, by a joint process of observation and reflection, to ascertain what are the primary feelings to which it may be referred; and by what peculiar modification of them it is produced and distinguished. We are not quite prepared, as yet, to exhaust the whole of this important discussion, to which we shall be obliged to return in the sequel of our inquiry; but it is necessary, in order to explain and to set forth, in their natural order, the difficulties with which the subject is sur rounded, to state here, in a very few words, one or two of the most obvious, and, as we think, decisive objections against the notion of beauty being a simple sensation, or the object of a separate and peculiar faculty.
The first, and perhaps the most consiler