Civil War in Siberia: The Anti-Bolshevik Government of Admiral Kolchak, 1918-1920
Cambridge University Press, 2 nov. 2006 - 788 páginas
The Russian Civil War of 1917-1921 was a cataclysmic series of overlapping conflicts. It was a pivotal event in modern history, and left a deep imprint on the participants and their descendants for decades after its end. It was the Bolshevik victory in this bloody struggle, not in the skirmishes on the streets of Petrograd and Moscow in October 1917, which secured the victory of Soviet Communism and provided its legitimacy for seventy years of rule. The narrowness of Lenin's victory, and the principles for which his opponents fought, have been largely neglected. This book traces the clash between the 'Reds' of the Moscow-based Soviet regime and the 'Whites', the militaristic, counter-revolutionary governments which were established around the periphery of Russia and aided by Allied interventionists. In particular, it details the epic history of the White movement in Siberia, and the fortunes of its leader, Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak, the 'Supreme Ruler' of Russia. Using a wide range of contemporary sources, Jonathan Smele examines Kolchak's political and military record, and concludes that the White defeat resulted as much from the harsh facts of Siberian economy and geography as from failures of White policy and leadership.
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1 The triumphal march of reaction
2 The establishment of the Kolchak government
military versus polity in White Siberia
from a land of milk and honey to the dictatorship of the whip
5 White débâcle
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Admiral Kolchak All-Russian Allied anti-Bolshevik Army’s Ataman Boldyrev Bolsheviks Bolshevism British Britmis Budberg Cheliabinsk civil co-operative command concem Conference Constituent Assembly Cossack Council of Ministers coup Czechoslovak December Denikin dictatorship Dieterichs Directory duma east Eastem Ekaterinburg fact ﬁgures ﬁrst forces front FRUS Gajda govemment’s Grazhdanskaia voina grazhdanskoi voiny gubemiia Guins Harbin ibid inﬂuence interventsiia Irkutsk istorii Janin January Japanese Kadets Kolchak govemment Komuch Krasnoiarsk Lebedev Leeds Russian Archive London Mikhailov military Ministry Moscow northem November Novonikolaevsk Novosibirsk ofﬁce ofﬁcers ofﬁcial Omsk Omsk govemment organizations Pares Papers Paris party peasants Pepeliaev Political Centre Provisional Red Army régime region Report retum revoliutsii Revolution Rossii roubles Russian Army Russian Civil War Sakharov Semenov Serebrennikov Siberia Siberian Army Sibiri Sibirskaia Sibirskie signiﬁcant Soviet stavka sufﬁcient Sukin Leeds Russian Supreme Ruler Tomsk Trans-Siberian Railway troops Union Urals Vladivostok Vologodskii vospominaniia Vostoke Westem White movement White Siberia workers zemstvo