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which extends the whole breadth of the sluice, is fastened by hinges along its lower edge, so that it moves like the lid of a box. It is of such breadth, that when raised nearly perpendicular, it will entirely stop the opening of the sluice, and when suffered to lie flat on the bot. tom, leaves it entirely open. Another gate, of about double the breadth (measuring up and down the stream), and extending across the sluice, is fixed in a similar manner lower down ; but the upper small gate opens down stream, and the lower large gate opens up stream, so that they resemble two folding doors, with the exception, that one overlaps the other three or four feet. Under these gates is a chamber, into which water may be introduced from the dam above by a small gate. When this is open, the hydrostatic pressure of the water above, forces the gates upwards, and the space under them forming always a close chamber, they rise until they stand like the roof of a house, and thus close the opening in the sluice. When required to be lowered, all that is necessary is, to let off the water from the chamber, and the gates sink with their own weight, one overlapping the other, to the bottom."


Address delivered before the Philadelphia Society for promoting
Agriculture, at its annual meeting, on the 18th January, 1825. By Roberts Vaux.
Published by order of the Society. 8vo. pp. 28. Philadelphia.

The Boston Journal of Philosophy and the Arts, No. X.
The American Journal of Science and Arts, Vol. 9, No. 1.

ASTRONOMY. Elements of Astronomy, illustrated by Plates, for the use of Schools and Academies, with Questions. By John H. Wilkins, A. M. Third edition. 12mo. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.


Montgomery; or, The Falls of Montmorency. A New National Drama. Written by Henry J. Finn. Boston. Wells and Lilly.

Hadad; a Dramatic Poem. By James A. Hillhouse, Author of “Percy's Masque" and "

The Judgment."

EDUCATION. An Abridgment of Murray's English Grammar, revised, enlarged, and improved; comprising rules and exercises in orthography, parsing, and punctuation; with Practical Notes; arranged in natural order, and suited to the capacities of children and youth in elementary schools. Compiled for the junior classes in Union Hall Academy. By A. M. Merchant. 18mo. pp. 216. New York.

A New Spanish Grammar, adapted to every class of learners. By Mariano Cubi y Soler. Second edition, revised, corrected, enlarged, and greatly improved. 12mo. pp. 464. Baltimore. F. Lucas, jr.

Fourth Annual School Report, made in the year 1825, to the Legislature of New York. By J. V. N. Yates, Secretary of the State, and Acting Superintendent of Common Schools. Folio. pp. 44. Albany.

A Geological and Agricultural Survey of the District adjoining the
Erie Canal, in the State of New York. Part 1,-containing a Description of the
Rock Formations, together with a Geological Profile, extending from the Atlantic to
Lake Erie.

History of Massachusetts, from July, 1775, when General Washing-
ton took Commard of the American Army at Cambridge, to the year 1782, (inclu-
sive), when the Federal Government was established under the present Consti-
tution. By Alden Bradford. 8vo. Boston. Wells & Lilly.

History, Manners, and Customs of the North American Indians,
with a Plan for their Melioration. By James Buchanan, Esq. His Majesty's Consul
for the State of New York. 2 Vols. 12ino.


An Authentic Report of a Trial before the Supreme Judicial Court
of Maine, for the County of Washington, June Term, 1824. Charles Lowell vs.
John Faxon and Micajah Hawks,

Surgeons and Physicians, in an Action of Tres-
pass on the Case, &c. 8vo. pp. 29. Portland.

A Treatise on the Law of Penn lvania relating to the Estate of
Decedents, the Constitution, Powers, and Practice of the Orphans' Court. By Tho-
mas F. Gordon. Carey & Lea. Philadelphia.

A Digest of the Cases decided in the Supreme Judicial Court of the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, from March, 1816, to October, 1823, inclusive.
To which is added, a Digested Index of the names of Cases in the 18 Vols. of
Massachusetts Reports. By Theron Metcalf. 8vo. Boston. Richardson &. Lord.

Speech delivered before the Overseers of Harvard College, Febru-
ary 3, 1925, in Behalf of the Resident Instructers of the College. With an Intro-
duction. By Andrews Norton. Svo. pp. 60. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.

A Year in Europe, comprising a Journal of Observations in England,
Scotland, Ireland, France, Switzerland, the North of Italy, and Holland. By John
Griscom. Second Edition. New York. Collins and Hannay.

The Grecian Wreath of Victory. 18mo. pp. 119. New York.

An Address to the Utica Lyceum, delivered February 17, 1825. By
A. B. Johnson, Prefatory to his Course of Lectures on the Philosophy of Human
Knowledge. 8vo. pp. 16. Utica, N. Y.

An Address delivered in Nashville, January 12, 1925, at the Inaugu-
ration of the President of Cumberland College. By Philip Lindley, D.D. President
af the College. 8vo. pp. 48. Nashville.

Remarks on Washington College, and on the “Considerations” sug-
gested by its Establishment. 8vo. pp. 52. Hartford.

The Atlantic Magazine, No. XI.

The Town Officer's Guide, containing a Compilation of the General
Laws of Massachusetts, relating to the whole Power and Duty of Towns, Districts,
and Parishes, with their several Officers, &c. By John Bacon, Esq. 12mo.
pp. 396. Haverhill, Mass.

Considerations suggested by the Establishment of a Second College
in Connecticut. Svo. pp. 36. Hartford.

Triumphs of Intellect, a Lecture delivered October, 1824, in the
Chapel of Waterville College. By Stephen Chapin, D. D. Professor of Theology
in said College. Syo. pp. 31. Waterville, Me.

John Bull in America, or the New Munchausen, 12mo. pp. 226.
New York. 1825. C. Wiley.

The Refugee; A Romance. By Captain Matthew Murgatroyd, of
the Ninth Continentals in the Revolutionary War. 2 Vols. 12mo. New York.

The Valley of Shenandoah; or, Memoirs of the Graysons. 2 Vols. 12mo. New York.


Letter from Robert Wickliffe to his Constituents. 8vo. pp. 19. Frankfort, Ken.

Remarks upon a Pamphlet, published at Bath, Me. relating to alleged Infractions of the Laws, during the Embargo, Non-Intercourse, and War. By William King and Mark L. Hill.


A Discourse on Christian Liberty, delivered before the First Congregational Society in Scituate, on the Lord's Day, March 6, 1825. By Samuel Deane, Pastor of the Second Church in Scituate. Published at the desire of the hearers. Cambridge. Hilliard & Metcalf.

The Unitarian's Answer; or, a Brief and Plain “ Answer to any that ask a Reason" of our attachment to Unitarianism, considered as a System both of Doctrine and Instruction. 12mo. pp. 24. New Bedford.

The Doctrine of the Atonement Explained, in a Sermon delivered in the New Jerusalem Temple, in Cincinnati, on the evening of the 20th of December, 1824. By Nathaniel Holley, A. M. a Minister of the New Jerusalem Church. 8vo. pp. 22.

Cincinnati, Ohio. An Historical Discourse, delivered at West Springfield, December 2, 1824, the day of the Annual Thanksgiving. By William B. Sprague, Pastor of the First Church in West Springheld. 8vo. pp. 91. Hartford, Conn.

The Christian Spectator, Vol. VII. No. 4.

The Excellence and Influence of the Female Character; a Sermon, preached in the Presbyterian Church in Murray Street, at the request of the New York Female Missionary Society. By Gardiner Spring. 8vo. pp. 32. New York. 1825.

The Discriminating Preacher ; a Sermon, prcached in the North Church in the city of Hartford, December 1, 1824. At the Ordination and Installation of the Rev. Carlos Wilcox, as Pastor of said Church. By Gardiner Spring, Pastor of the Brick Presbyterian Church in the city of New York. 8vo. pp. 37. Hartford. 1825.

Biblical Repertory; a Collection of Dissertations on Biblical Literature. By Rev. Charles Hodge, Professor of Biblical and Oriental Literature, in the Theological Seminary at Princeton, N.J. No. I. Svo. pp. 151. To be continued Quarterly

A Sermon Delivered at the Ordination of the Rev. William Henry Furness, as Pastor of the first Congregational Unitarian Church, in Philadelphia, January 12, 1825. By Henry Ware, jun. Minister of the Second Church in Boston. 8vo. pp. 46. Philadelphia. A. Small.

A Sermon preached before the Bible Society of North Carolina, on Sunday, December

12th, 1824. By the Right Rev. John S. Ravenscroft, Bishop of the Diocess of North Carolina ; with an Appendix. Svo. pp. 32. Raleigh, N.C.

The Cabinet; or, Works of Darkness brought to Light, &c. Second Edition, Revised and Corrected. 12mo. pp. 80. Philadelphia. John Mortimer.

A Review of the Rev. Mr Colman's Sermon, delivered at the Opening of the Independent Congregational Church in Barton Square, Salem. 8vo. Pp. 36. Boston.

Book of Revelation Unsealed; An Explanation of the Apocalypse, or Revelation of St John. By Alexander Smythe, Member of Congress. 16mo. pp. 59. Washington, D. C.


Letters and Papers of the late Rev. Thomas Scott, D. D. Author of the Commentary on the Holy Bible, never before published; with occasional Observations. By John Scott, A. M. Vicar of North Ferriby, and Minister of St M7ry's Hall. First American Edition. 12mo. pp. 324. Boston.


Theological Works of Thomas Paine. 8vo. pp. 400. New York. Rothelan; a Romance. By the Author of " Annals of the Parish,” &c.

The Latin Reader, from the fifth German Edition. By Frederic Jacobs, Editor of the Greek Anthology, the Greek Reader, f-c. &c. 12mo. pp. 150. Northampton.

Quarterly Review, No. LXI.
Edinburgh Review, No. LXXXI.

High Ways and By-Ways, or Tales by the Road Side; Picked up by a Walking Gentleman. Second Series. 2 Vols. Philadelphia. Carey & Lea.

Lessons for Children, in Four Parts. By Mrs. Barbauld. Second American Edition. 24mo. Boston. Wells & Lilly.

Memoirs of Goëthe. Written by himself. Collins & Hannay.

Elements of Greek Grammar. By R. Valpy, D. D. F. A. S. Fifth American Edition. Arranged on an improved Plan; with extensive Additions. By Charles Anthon, Adjunct Professor of Languages in Colombia College, New York.

A New View of Society, or Essays on the Formation of Human Cha. racter, preparatory to the Development of a Plan for graslually ameliorating the Condition of Mankind. By Robert Owen. First American, from the Third Lon. don Edition. 1 vol. 18mo. Price 75 cents.

LIST OF WORKS IN PRESS. A Grammar of the Spanish Language, with Practical Exercises. By M. Jossé. Second American, from the last Paris Edition. Revised, improved, and adapted to the English language. By F. Sales, Instructer in French and Spanish in Harvard University, Cambridge. Boston. Munroe & Francis

The Improvisatrice and other Poems. By L. E. L. Munroe & Francis.

Hymns for Children; selected and altered. By the Author of Conversations on Common Things. Munroe & Francis.

An Inquiry into the Scriptural Import of the words, Sheol, Hades, Tartarus, and Gehenna; all translated Hell in the common English version. Second Edition. By Walter Balfour. Charlestown, Mass. George Davidson.

The Boatswain's Mate; or, Interesting Dialogues between British Seamen. In Seven Parts. Charles Whipple. Newburyport.

Thomson's Conspectus of the London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Pharmacopæiæ, with the addition of the United States Pharmacopeia, Magendie's Formulary, and the other Pharmaceutical preparations. New York. E. Bliss do E. White.

Butler's Reminiscences. Second Edition.
English Life, or Manners at Home, in Four Pictures. 2 vols. in

New York. E. Bliss & E. White. Decision; A Tale by Mrs Hoffland, Author of “Son of a Genius,” &c. &-c. New York. E. Bliss & E. White.

The Surgical and Physiological Works of John Abernethy. Complete, from a late London Edition. New York. J. & J. Harper.


We have several articles on hand, which were intended for this Number, but the length of our reviews bas obliged us to postpone them.


Erratum.--At the head of this Number, the date is, by mistake, printed 1824 instead of 1825.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co., No. 134 Washington-Street, Boston, for the Proprietors. Terms, $5 per

Cainbridge: Printed at the University Press, by Hilliard & Metcalf,


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Greece in 1823 and 1824, being a Series of Letters and other

Documents on the Greek Revolution, written during a visit to that country, by the Hon. Colonel Leicester Stanhope. To which is added, the Life of Mustapha Ali. Philadelphia. 1825. 8vo. pp. 308.

[Concluded.] On the ground, then, either of immediate commercial benefit or remote general advancement of civilization,-a common object of all wise and great statesmen,--we think the cause of the Greeks entitled to, aid. We think this an object of far greater importance than the discovery of the Friendly Islands or the Marquesas; than the settlement of the problem, Whether the Niger flows into the sea, or joins the Nile, or evaporates in the desert; than effecting a perilous passage through the icebergs of the polar basin into the Pacific ocean. We do not object to the appropriation of vast sums of money to these objects; but we do sincerely believe, that half of them laid out under the patronage of the British councils, in establishing a free state in Greece, would, in one year, bring back to England a richer return, than would accrue from the discovery of the northwest passage, to the end of time. As to the consequences to the general cause of humanity, they are not to be named in the comparison.

But we must omit some further remarks, which we might have made on this subject, to speak of the cause of the Greeks in its connexion with the interests of Christianity and of the visible church. No such opportunity of doing goud, in that most vital of all forms of benevolence, the extension of the pure faith of the Gospel, as now presents itself in Greece, has, within our acquaintance with history, ever offered itself. The

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