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to come.


THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE. campaign as successfully as last year, and that the Genera

Congress will accomplish a great result, which all civilized gove

ernments will feel constrained to recognize.” BOSTON, OCTOBER, 1874.

All will join with me in the hope that the day of active labor of this veteran warrior against war is not done.

One week after I reached London, I was joined by Hon. David Dudley Field, our Honorary President, who, since the close of the Brussels Conference has made a trip around the world. He had but two or three weeks in New York, and

sailed again for Europe, determined to be in season for the EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE.

meeting at Geneva. He is in fine health and spirits, and more Geneva, Switzerland, Aug. 29, 1874. than ever resolved to persevere in the work of the reform Dear Readers :—I feel it is due to you that the October of International Law in which he is a pioneer. He has found number of the Advocate should contain some report from the much interest in the subject in all the countries he has visited, Secretary. If so it is quite time that report should be penned anıl we owe it to him that we are honored with the presence of and started on its long journey to America. Although I write the Minister Plenipotentiary of Japan to Italy, who is authorin great haste, as a great multitude of cares and labors are ized by his government to be a member of the Conference. now demanding my attention, yet I write with peculiar pleas- The delegates are coming in large numbers, and the principal ure, for I am very happy to say the present indications are that countries are to be represented by very distinguished men. the conference of the Association for the Reform and Codifica- An hour or two since, I met in a room of one of the hotels, reption of the Law of Nations, which I came out to assist in or- resentatives from Japan, Italy, Germany, Belgium, France, ganizing and carrying through, will be crowned with a success Russia and America. We have held preliminary meetings in which we did not anticipate.

London and Paris, and large and able delegations are to come Very soon after embarking upon this untried enterprise I from France and England. was impressed with the fact that the God of the nations, the We most earnestly desired the attendance of the venerable very God of peace was in it. Tokens of His favor for it, not- and distinguished Count Sclopis, but I fear he will not be able withstanding the great obstacles which we have encountered,

In a letter which I have recently received from him, are constanıly cheering us.

he writes : “ I congratulate you upon the success of your efforts I sailed from New York in the Samaria, August 1st, and to secure in the American Congress the unanimous adoption of had my usual experience upon the ocean, sea-sickness in resolutions concerning Arbitration in future. It was a remarkmild form, the first part of the passage, and a state of inde able step in advance, and I unite with you in fervent wishes scribable discomfort the remainder of the time. I do not find that the cause of permanent peace may eventnally triumph, a repetition of the experiment of cro:sing the ocean renders the but there are great difficulties to be overcome.

It is praisetask a less arduous or disagreeable one. I cannot, however, worthy that men of feeling and talent should lahor continually speak in terms of too high praise of the steamer and its man- in the way you are doing, to imbue all the nations and especially agement, or of the courtesy of Captain Billings and his offi- the governments with the desire and necessity of avoiding

All that can reasonably be expected is done for the com- With constancy, perhaps the future generation will sort of the passengers. On arriving in London I hoped to carry the point. I am too old to hope to see it universally meet Mr. Burritt, and to have his most valuable aid in the work adopted.” I have much more to write, but no time.

J. B. M. of preparation for the conference ; but what was my disappointment to find a letter from him informing me that his health would not permit him to come. The disappointment felt by

Cheering PROGRESS. — Peace societies have recently witthe dear, noble man himself when he found he could not come,

nessed cheering tokens that they labor not in vain. The vencan be appreciated only by those who know his enthusiastic de- omous and threatening contests between the Argentine Republic votion to this movement. I must quote a few sentences from and Chili, respecting the possession of Patagonia, is now to be his letter. It is dated, Oxford, N. H., July 31st. He

settled by arbitration. Our President, Gen. Grant, is chosen writes :

as the representative of the Argentine Republic, the Emperor “I have done my best to go to Europe to be with you at of Brazil is to represent Chili, and the King of Belgium is Geneva. I started yesterday for Quebec to take the steamer

appointed Umpire. there for Liverpool ; but man proposes, but God disposes.

Verily, war is becoming unfashionable. My old complaint came upon me so severely that I was obliged to give up the voyage and a visit to England, on which my

To make the trade of soldiery as little disgusting as possible, heart was set so fondly. You know how rejoiced I should have resort is had to the decorations of military dress, the waving of been to be with you in this great enterprise, to utter one more flags, the music of fine bands, the praise of bravery and love of testimony in favor of the cause ; but I must content myself with country, and the cultivation of hatred and resentment to the my past work for it. I feel that my day is done for active labor enemy. in the cause. It is a great sorrow to me, but I ought to be But all these fail to reconcile the common soldier, and lose thankful that I have been spared to see it reach this point of all their charm. None but a soldier knows the privations and departure, from which it must, ere long, reach its great and hardships of a soldier's lise; to say nothing of absence from full consummation. My spirit was willing enough, but home, and loss of limbs. my flesh too weak, to work by your side in Europe. Most Nothing can more exhibit this misery than the vast number earnestly do I desire that you may go through this arduous of suicides among soldiers. An English writer has been



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ascertaining the number of suicides in several armies. He also, and notably in Italy, there have been spontaneous and enfinds the statistics to be as follows:

couraging movements of this nature among the ladies. Our From 1862 to 1871 the average mean annual ratio of deaths readers have already seen in the Herald the address to Mr. by suicide in the army of Great Britain was 0.379 per 1000 of Richard, set on foot by Signorina Castiglia, the daughter of the the total strength, 0.396 in the French, 0.498 in the Prussian, much honored deputy for Florence (if we remember aright) in and 0.796 in the Austrian forces. No returns are given of the Italian Parliainent. But this is not all. In Florence Mr. suicides in the Russian and Italian forces, but it is well known Richard had the pleasure of making the acquaintance of a young the rate in both is much higher than that of any one of the fore of a gentleman holding a high judicial office in that city, who,

and accomplished lady, Signorin Atenaide Pieromaldi, daughter going. Deaths by suicides were more prevalent amongst he was delighted to find, had been for some years actively ensoldiers serving in India than elsewhere, more common in cavalry of the line, and less frequent in the household troops.

gaged in organizing, and had organized, what was in effect a Woman's Peace Society in Italy, whose Central Committee is

at Kome, and with branches in other parts of the country. A WOMEN'S WORK FOR PEACE.

deputation from this Central Committee was to have waited The following article is taken from the London Herald of Peace. opon Mr. Richard in the Imperial City, but which, owing to

some misunderstanding as to the time, and the brevity of his Let the women of America read the facts stated and vie with stay there, did not take place. At Milan a deputation of ladies their noble sisters in Europe in seeking to abolish the barbarous did come to express their interest in, and their sympathy with, custom of war, and to hasten the reign of "

the object which he is laboring to promote. prace on earth.

Another very precious anxiliary in the cause of peace Mr. Is it possible to conceive of any work more congenial to the Richard had the pleasure of meeting at Florence, in the person of feelings, or better fitted to enlist the sympathies, and to engage the Countess Cimino di Luna, a lady of distinguished abilities, the energies of women than that of promoting peace? As high character, elevated rank, and inspired with a generous demany of our readers are aware, organizations for this end have votion to the best interests of humanity. This lady, bewailing often been attempted in this country, and in some instances the present position of women in Italy, so much below what with very considerable success. Some ewenty-five years ago, she believes they are entitled to, and qualified to take in the or more, our devoted and honored friend, Mr. Elihu Burritt, great work of national renovation now going on in the Peninformed a large number of what he called “Olive Leaf Circles,” sula, has devoted herself to the noble mission of emancipating in England and in Scotland, consisting of ladies interested in her sex from the condition of inferiority and depression 10 which, this question, and willing to aid the movement in various ways. through the influence of past social traditions, it has been conAfter his return to the United States, most of them gradually signed in Italy. With this view she has staried a fortnightly declined for want of his active personal superintendence. During periodical, entitled Cornelia, which is conducted with admirthe time of the Russian war, the distinguished Swedish authoress, able spirit, and pervaded by a high moral and religious tone. Miss Frederica Bremer, addressed an eloquent appeal to the Many eminent persons, of both sexes, have gathered round her, women of Europe, to which considerable publicity was given and are aiding her most efficiently in her honorable enterprise. through the press, inviting them to associate together for the Among other high aims with which she is striving to inspire purposes of peace. But as this was not followed up by any her country women, we are delighted to find that she has taken practical effort to give effect to her counsels, it came io noughi. up the subject of peace. We are sure our readers will be When the terrible war between France and Germany was filling grateful to us for presenting them with the following extracts those countries with “mourning, lamentation and woe,” the from a very able and eloquent article which has recently apCountess Gasparin, and other ladies, repeated the appeal, with peared from her pen in Cornelia : out, however, any permanent result at the time. Soon after the close of that conflict, Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, an excellent American lady, full of philanthropic zeal, visited this country and the “ If there be any subject which should interest every woman Continent, with a view to combine womanly influence and ef

--noble and plebeian, young and old, educated or unleiiered-it fort in the same direction. Owing, perhaps, in part, to her is the subject of peace and war. Statesmen see in it chiefly a mixing other speculations and aims with the subject of peace. question of finance which becomes daily more complicated and and the fact, also, that her visit to Europe was comparatively imperative ; they count the hands withdrawn from agriculture : brief, her mission was not attended with all the success which they see commerce languishing, the substance of the nation inits benevolent motive merited.

cessanily poured forth to fill up the voids produced by a standStill later Mrs. King, Mrs. Lucas (sister of the Right Hon. ing army-voids which, like the vessels of the Danaides, are John Bright, M. P.), Miss Sturge, of Birmingham, Miss At never filled ; in short, they find in it the princip:/ cause of a kinson, of Manchester, and other ladies, have been quietly but daily increasing emigration which draws from the native land, efficiently carrying on operations designed to interest their own with its most vigorous youth, the elements of future prosperity. sex in this enterprise of humanity. There is reason 10 hope “We women, besides such material evils common to all, that the time is now come for å mure general and sustained look at the moral evils produced by war, of which we are the effort to bring the high intelligence, warm heart, sensitive con principal victims. We see our hearths deseried, our brothers science, and deep religious feeling of our country women into and our betrothed leaving us, the sons whom we have nurtured the service of the cause of peace. For it is a very cheering for the service and ornament of their country and their family, circumstance that a number of ladies have organized a “Wo- corn from our arms, snatched from their studies, condemned io men's National Peace Society," as an auxiliary to the English idleness during the finest years of their lives, become dexterous, Peace Society, and on the same basis of Christian principle. not in the management of the plough and of the compasses, but Mrs. Henry Richard has been elected President of the new in the use of barbarous instruments of death. When, in the Association, Mrs. Southey (of Tressillian Road, Upper Lewis- first prayers that we teach our little ones, we suggest to them ham Road, S. E.), and Miss Ridley (19, Belsize Park, N.W.), to pray also for their enemies, according to the word of the being the Hon. Secretaries, and Mrs. Wm. Clarkson Allen Divine Master, we do not think that, in a few years, they will (Albion Road, Stoke Newington, N.), the Treasurer. Such learn to look upon war as inevitable and glorious, in which not a movement cannot fail to increase an interest in peace, and to only their enemies are destroyed, but often those whom yesterdiffuse information in relation to its principles in quarters where day we still called friends. When we hushed our children it is of deep importance that it should be introduced. We view with sweet care, and watched over them in the cradle, and with much hope and great satisfaction this encouraging initia- hailed with trembling exultation the first budding of lively inteltive, and the very earnest and practical manner in which it has ligence, we forgot that, in a day not far distant, they will be been commenced by its excellent promoters.

snaiched away, not for the noblest cause-in the defence of our It is not in England only that this momentous question is at coun'ry's soil-but often for wars without any honest reason, tracting the attention and stirring the hearts of women. Dur. or else for the fatal system of armed peace, which puts the ing Mr. Richard's recent visit to the Continent, he was delighted cannon upon the plough, and kindles the match in its place. to find many most gratifying indications that in other countries “ The physical ills produced by war are incalculable, as the




promoters of Arbritration have justly said, but the moral ills Motion of Mr. Richard, which was accepted, amidst loud apwhich result from it are also incalculable. Surely the fire of plause, in July, 1873. the mitrailleuses, which inflict death and torture in the sanguin- “Let woman, then, not stand idle in this grand work of ary battle-fields, wounds, in the rebound, every woman's heart society; let her know how to exercise a noble infiuence through in desolated homes; and the agony of the moral grief is not less which she may ever civilize the habits, and render nations more cruel than the physical agony, and it is always life-long. These worthy the name of Christian nations." considerations which, in the era scarcely passed through, must have recurred to the mind of most women, should cause us to

“ MILITARY DUTY.” welcome, as an event worthy of the deepest interest the result of the motion which the honored philanthropist, Mr. Henry Richard, presented to the English Parliament for an International Mr. Jonathan Whipple, a veteran friend of peace, of the Arbitration which should settle all differences between the pa- town of Mystic, Connecticut, writes the following reminiscentions, and avoid war, as far as may be possible to our quarrel- ces of his early life for the readers of The Voice of Peace :some humanity.

I wish to give our readers my experience respecting the de“ It is a recognized fact that the illustrious English states- mand government made upon my own person, requiring me to man received from us a warm welcome. High functionaries, learn the trade of human butchery. They called it " military deputies, generals, publicists, men belonging to every political duty.” Something like a year before the Colonies and the opinion, wished to do him honor, rendering homage to the mother country commenced their war, I was entered upon their principle which he represented; and the deputy Mancini de training. band list, and notified to make my appearance as the cided to do so in the Italian Parliament, when, with his rich law directed. But I kept about my own business, and went and powerful voice, in a noble speech, on the 24th November, not near them, being assured that my business called me away he proposed to the Italian Chamber to employ themselves in rather than to such places. rendering Arbitration the accepted means for the solution of When I refused to appear, I was called upon to go before international controversies.

the authorities and excuse myself for not conforming to their “ And in reference to such a demonstration made in honor requirements. That I could do with good conscience, though of a humanitarian principle, women, still more than men, should I had to go some six or eight miles. Myself and some others associate theinselves with it, and send to the Apostle of Peace who were in the same condition took our fathers with us and an address of thanks and congratulations which should prove to went to make our excuses. After getting there we found many society that their sex is not indifferent to such a grand reform there the saine business, but their cuses were quite differof civilization. Nevertheless, we know not how to under-ent. No conscience in the way. After waiting a long time, stand each other, and unite for so natural a demonstration. and seeing that we should be put off until night, and a very There were here and there attempts to forward an address, but rainy time too, we begged of them to give us a hearing as soon they were isolated steps, which failed for want of the habit of as convenient, as we were far from home. Privilege was associating ourselves for serious things ; perhaps, also, from granted for us to speak, and, after hearing what we had to say, questions of social etiquette, and also from the total want of the officer in authority said, “ Friends, your excuse is quite initiative which we women have among us if we step at all be- different from those we have been hearing. You are dismissed, yond purely domestic questions. Whatever may have been the and should we want anything more of you, we will notify you.' reason, if the Italian ladies made no demonstration in honor of Time passed along, and nothing more was done for years, the promoter of International Arbitration, we are persuaded though the war came on, and the militia was called out, and and express our conviction to Mr. Richard here, in Florence, one and another would speak of us "Rogerine Quakers" as we that all those to whom have reached the tidings of the vote ob- were called in derision. But we were not taken hold of by law tained by him in the English Parliament, will bless his noble until the war was over. We had a neighbor, who was at the initiative and the civilized nation which adopted it.

time of the war.a major, and he told the officers, “Let those “ A Peace Society is for us no new thing. We know that Quakers alone. You cannot make them fight, and what is the in America, in England, in France, and in Switzerland, similar use lo distress them? They are good, peaceable people, let Associations exist, composed of men and women, or of women them alone." He said to me afterwards, “I was the means of alone. We have heard of the noble labors of Mrs. Julia Ward your folks faring so well in the time of the war. Had it not Howe, both in America and in Europe, to unite the nations in been for me, they would have troubled you more. I thanked an alliance of peace. Distinguished writer, elegant poetess, him very kindly for speaking favorably for us. "Well, Jonaand animated by a spirit of active charity, Mrs. Ward Howe, than, I did not want you harassed; I knew you would not after having made many adherents in America, came to Europe, fight,” said he. and held in London public meetings on the same subject. After this, I, and those of my belief, were not troubled for

" At the time of the Franco-Prussian war many ladies, among years; but by.and by another set came up, and new officers had whom was the Countess Gasparin, made a pious appeal to the the management of ihe militia, and myself and others were enwomen of all nations, to use their influence in arresting the rolled, warned and followed up by fining; and by reason of our conflict.

Also in our Italy, a young, amiable, and educated not paying the demand, an executior. was got out against us lady, the Signora Atenaide Pierornaldi, animated by the hope and lodged in the hands of the constable for collection. As it of serving the cause of peace, sought to establish, and did in happened I was at work in company with the constable's son, fact establish, a cosmico: humanitarian society, which, by slow he being a carpenter, and I a mason. Each went to our dey rees, has taken root, and already counts in its midst many homes Saturday nights. One Monday morning, said the young illustrious names of men and women, and has a committee of carpenter, “Well, Mr. Whipple, you have got to pay your direction in Rome. Nor to the proposal of arbitration in the training fine or go to jail. There is an execution out against English Parliament was wholly wanting the female voice. Mr. you and lodged in father's hands, with strict orders for its colMundella presented a petition signed by 3,500 women in favor lection, and if you will not pay it or do military duty, the capof the Motion. If all these demonstrations, made in various tain says he will have you taken to jail and kept there till you countries of Europe and America, have not borne a prompt and are dead and rotten, and the flies carry you out at the key-hole.” visible result, they have nevertheless surely aided in preparing The young man further said that the militia captain told his the way for those men of genius and conviction raised up by father that if he did not execute the law upon us "Quakers" he Providence, in every age, for the progress of humanity. would have him broken of his office.

“ Thus the philanthropist Buxton prepared by his labors for My answer to this was, “I never shall do military duty or the abolition of the slave-trade; and Mrs. Beecher Stowe, in her pay a training fine. You may tell your father so.” It passed book Uncle Tom's Cabin,' rendered popular and glorious the on until the execution was likely to run out, and they got it restruggle in the United States of America, which had for its newed, but instead of the constable's taking us to jail, he went object the abolition of slavery. And Cobden, who, in 1849, to the captain and told him, “ You may break me of my office as proposed for the first time, in the English Parliament, arbitra- soon as you please. As for my putting those peaceable men in tion among the governments, and saw ption rejected by a jail, I will not." Thus the matter ended, and there never was majority of 176 votes against 79, prepared the way for the anything more done with me about military affairs, nor was the

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constable broken of his office, to my knowledge.

So we see,

INKERMAN AND SEBASTOPOL. that, notwithstanding all the loud threats thai were made, no Mr. Russell, the London Times correspondent, thus deone was actually a sufferer.

scribes the scenes subsequent to the battle of Inkerman, ia It is with sorrow, and pity towards the acting authorities of which eleven thousand were killed and wounded : our little town, Ledyard, in Connecticut, that I refer to the circumstances of their having, of late, taken hold of some of our a dead or dying Russian. The British and the French, many

“ In every bush, on every yard of blood-stained ground, lay young men, and even thrust one into the county jail for relusing of whom had been murdered by the Russians as they lay to pay a militia tax, which is identical with a training fine, for wounded, wore terrible frowne on their faces, with which the when one unites with the militia and holds himself in readiness agonies of death had clad thein. The wounded for two to kill, at the officer's command, no tax is levied against him. long days had lain where the ball had felled them.. : The I liule thought that the town collector of a few years ago would Russians, groaning and palpitating as they lay around were thrust a good, honest, conscientious young man into jail, and far more numerous. Some of these were placed together in especially at this late day, for a matter of conscience, but I heaps, that they might be the more readily removed. Others found my mistake. The present year the town has another col- glared on you from the bushes, with the ferocity of wild beasts, lector, and we shall see whether that will make any difference as they hugged their wounds. Some implored in an unknown in the management respecting those who are conscientious. We tongue, but in accents not to be mistaken, water or succor hope it may, for there are those who are in conscience bound holding out their mutiliated and shattered limbs, or pointing to against paying the militia tax this year. I certainly have as the track of the lacerating ball." high esteem for this collector as I had of the man who held the

The same writer thus describes the scene presented at the execution against me sixty years ago, who said he had rather hospital of Sebastopol, immediately after its occupation by the lose his office than put conscientious men in jail. But time has allies : to pass decision on all events. There is but one way for Chris

“ Entering one of these doors I beheld such a sight as few tians—to attend unwaveringly to what Jesus Christ has com- men, thank God, have ever witnessed. In a long, low room, manded shem to do, and fear no evil.

supported by pillars, and dimly lighted through shattered and

unglazed window frames, lay the wounded Russians, who had FORGIVENESS.

been abandoned to our mercies by their general. The wounded, In the following case of forgiveness rather than of revenge, did I say? No, but the dead, festering corpses of the soldiers we have a practical illustration of the doctrine which we think who were left to die in their extreme agony, untended, uncared needs to be better understood, and more practically observed : for, stowed some on the floor, others on wretched trestles and “ In the middle ages, when the great lords and knights were

bedsteads, or pallets of straw, sopped and saturated with blood, al ways at war with each other, one of them resolved to revenge roar of exploding fortresses in their ears, with shells and shot

which oozed and trickled through upon the floor. With the himself upon a neighbor who had offended him. It chanced on the very evening when he had made this resolution, he heard forcing through the roof and sides of the rooms in which they that his enemy was to pass near his castle, with only a few men lay, with the crackling and hissing of fire around them, those with him. It was a good opportunity to take his revenge, poor fellows who had served their master the Czar but too well, and he determined not to let it pass. He spoke of this plan in were consigned to their terrible fate. Many might have been the presence of his chaplain, who tried in vain to persuade him saved by ordinary care, Many, lay, yet alive, with maggots to give it up. The good man said a great deal to the duke crawling in their wounds. Many nearly mad by the scene about the sin of what he was going to do, but in vain. At around them, or seeking their escape from it in their extremest length, seeing that all his words had no effect, he said, “ My agony, had rolled away under the beds, and glared out on the lord, since I cannot persuade you to give up this plan of yours, heart-stricken spectators, 0, with such looks! Many with legs and will you at least consent to come with me to the chapel, that arms broken and twisted, the jagged splinters sticking through we may pray together before you go?' The duke consented, the raw flesh, implored aid, water, food, or pity: or deprived and the chaplain and he knelt together in prayer. Then the of speech by the approach of death, pointed to the lethal spot, mercy loving Christian said to the revengeful warrior, “ Will Many seemed bent on making their peace with heaven. Could you repeat after me, sentence by sentence, the prayer which that bloody mass of clothing and while bones ever have been a our Lord Jesus Christ himself taught his disciples?'

human being? . . I confess it was impossible for nie to stand “ I will do it,' replied the duke.

the sight, which horrified our must experienced surgeons. “ He did it accordingly. The chaplain said a sentence, and But what must the wounded have felt who were obliged to enthe duke repeated it, till he came to the petition, · Forgive us dure all this, and who passed away without a hand to give them

". our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us.' a cup of water, or a voice to say one kindly word to them !”. There the duke was silent.

Christian Neighbor. My lord duke, you are silent,' said the chaplain. Will you be so good as to continue to repeat the words after me, if

WHY NOT? you dare say so? Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive How to carry on war humanely is exercising several of the them that trespass against us.'

nations of Europe just now. Russia takes the initiative, and ""I cannot, replied the duke.

the subject was before the British Parliament on Thursday. “• Well, God cannot forgive you, for he has said so. He But why not go a little further back, and, instead of considerhimself has given us this prayer. Therefore you must either ing the means of preventing the barbarities of war, take up the give up your revenge, or give up saying this prayer; for to ask question put before them since the success of the Geneva ArGod to pardon you as you pardon others, is to ask Liim to take bitration, and try to get rid of war itself, the prolific cause of vengeance on you for all your sins. Go now, my lord, and those barbarities, or at least to lessen the number of them, acmeet your victim. God will meet you at the great day of cording to the example set by the United States and Great judgment.'

Britain? The absurdity involved in this whole business is " The iron will of the duke was broken.

enormous. Nations vie with each other in seeking to invent “No,' said he, “I will finish my prayer : my God, my the most destructive weapons—those which will kill and wound Father, pardon me: forgive me, as I desire to forgive him who most and farthest off—and then vie with each other in seeking has offended me: lead me not into temptation, but deliver me humane devices to ameliorate the sufferings of the wounded from evil.'

and to pay respect to the dead! The vital principle of war is " Amen,' said the chaplain.

to inflict the greatest possible amount of injury, destruction and Amen,' repeated the duke, who now understood the death upon the enemy”—and the problem now before these Lord's prayer better than he had ever done before, since he had European nations is how to inflict this injury, death and delearned to apply it to himselt."

struction in the most humane manner!

It would be quite as easy to enforce the principle of peaceful There is a Japanese proverb which says, The chief glory arbitration as to enforce a code to humanize slaughter and deof the sword consists in its resting quietly in its sheath." struction. Either will have to rest on the honor of nations.


God besought him to roll back the waves of vice, and a mighty

outpouring of the Spirit above saved the nation from ruin. BY HORACE GREELEY.

Now this “speck of war " distinctly perceived in our O God our way through darkness leads,

Southern horizon, can be prevented by the adoption of wise But thine is living light;

measures. Let courts of arbitration be immediately established Teach us to feel that Day succeeds

all over the South, whose decisions shall be final, in relerence To each slow-wearing Night:

10 all the disputes continually arising between the white and Make us to know, though Pain and Woe

black population. Beset our morial lives,

It has fallen to my lot to reside six years at the South since That I'll at last in death lie low,

the war, and while there I noticed an utter absence of justice And only God survives.

in all the civil courts for the black man. No white man was

ever punished in my neighborhood for any offence committed . Too long th’ oppressor's iron heel

against the blacks. Not even was the crime of murder, although The saintly brow has pressed;

often perpetrated, ever punished by law when the murderer Too oft the lyrant's murd'rous steel

was a white man. This is the great cause of all the troubles at Has pierced the guiltless breast;

the South, the utter absence of civil law to protect the blacks. Yet in our souls the seed shall lie,

This is particularly true in reference to his wages. There is Till thou shalt bid it thrive,

no way absolutely for a negro to obtain redress when defrauded Of steadfast faith that Wrong shall die,

of his earnings. This creates a state of chronic war between And only Right survive.

both parties ; the negro constantly desiring to obtain his dues,
and the white man constantly withholding them from him.

To prevent actual fighting at the South this wrong must be
We walk in shadow; thickest walls
Do man from man divide ;

redressed. Now, if in every Southern county, there was a colOur brothers spurn our tenderest calls,

ony of the negro's true friends, a jury could be drawn from them

who would do him justice. At present, everywhere cases are Our holiest aims deride : Yet though fell Craft, with fiendish thought

tried by the United States Courts, the juries have to be drawn

from the rebel elements, and the negro's case is hopeless. Its sabile web contrives, Still falsehood's textures shrink to nanght,

Then the United States Marshal, having the power to select And only truth survives.

jurors, a true jury could be obtained, and their verdicts would be backed up by the United States military authorities. It is

in vain for a few troops to quell these disorders. Their cause Wrath clouds our sky; War lists on high

must be removed, and there is no other way in which this can His flag of crimson stain ;

be done except by throwing over the wronged negro the ægis Each monstrous birth o'erspreads the earth

of civil law administered by the authority of the United States. In Battle's gory train :

I am aware that your excellent journal is devoted entirely to Yet still we trust in God the Just,

the abolition of war; and it is for this reason that I urge upon Still keep our faith alive,

your readers the advocacy of a cause that will result in producThat 'neath Thine eye, all Hate shall die,

ing peace in our beloved country. Already steps are being And only Love survive.

taken to carry out this idea, but it is a stupendous undertaking and cannot thoroughly succeed without substantial aid from

all who love peace and hate war. WAR AT THE SOUTH.

A section of land is about being purchased in Virginia for

Boston, Sept. 15, 1874. the location of one Northern colony, whose presence shall be a Mr. Editor:- The tocsin of war is at last sounded a

wall of fire between the two conflicting elements at the South; second time. “Men's hearts are failing them because of fear.“, on the one hand, teaching the belligerent whites the great The cry is everywhere heard, “ Is our beloved country again and kindness towards the blacks, inducing the rebels to “go

truth that "we are all brethren," and by their example of love to be the scene of fratricidal strife?. Are the fiery sons of and do likewise ; " and on the other hand, teaching the injured war again to meet helmet to helmet," and sword to sword, blacks the great truth that forgiveness is a part of Christianity, and each party do his best to send his brother's soul reeking and inducing them to carry out the golden command, -" If with blood into the presence of that holy Being, who has said, thine enemy hunger, feed him.” " Avenge not yourselves, but leave vengeance to God to whom it belongeih.”

These are my reasons for requesting of you an insertion of One would think we had witnessed enough of the evils of this article, that the holy cause of peace may gain an ascendanwar in the moral desolations that have swept over our land lands, the heavenly streams of love, that shall be for the “heal.

cy in our own land, from which shall flow forth on to other since the close of the last war, not to be eager to engage again ing of all nations of the foul disease of anti-Christian and in the deadly fray. No greater curse can afflict a nation than a long continued war, no matter which side is victorious.

Satanic strife, commonly termed war.

Yours for universal peace, C. STEARNS, I happened to reside in Kansas during all the sanguinary troubles that were forced upon the “ Free State" seulers, and

Southern Emigration Society. I often had occasion to notice the sad effects of even that holy struggle on our part (if war can ever be holy), on those who The International Law Association closed its sessions at were fighting for their dearest right. It created a murderous Geneva, Switzerland, with a public meeting attended by 3,000 spirit, and caused the existence of revengeful feelings in the persons. David Dudley Field of New York, Henry Richard, minds of those who were fighting for freedom. It obliterated M. P., of London, and Pere Flyacinthe, were among the all moral distinctions, and induced good men to commit deeds at speakers. which they would have formerly recoiled. It introduced habits of idleness, of dissipation, of recklessness and of licentious. THE BIBLE – King Edward VI., on the day of his coronaness. The sublime commands of Jehovah, not to lie or steal, ortion had presented belore him three swords, signifying that he injure one fellowinan, or to indulge in impurity, were every- was the monarch of three kingdoms. The king said ihere was where swept away or trampled upon with the utmost noncha- one sword wanting Being asked what that sword was, he lance. Young men, supposed to be virtuous, became thieves, answered, “ The Holy Bible, which is the sword of the Spirit, robbers, drunkards, gamblers and adulterers, and that beautiful and is to be preferred above all ensigns of royalıy." country has not yet recovered from the corruption of public morals engendered by the wars of her early history.

“ It is melancholy to reflect,'' says the Saturday Review, At the close of our Revolutionary War, what a decline of “how much even educated women still cling to the beads and virtue was experienced all over the land, until the children of feathers of the primitive savage."

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