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organization of a State League and showed in many ways the need of such and its usefulness.

At the close of the address Mr. Bardo read the names of the extension committee and a few closing remarks were made by pastors and delegates. With the singing of the Luther

League Rally Hymn and prayer the convention closed.

It was a great pleasure to have the General Secretary of the Luther League of America, Rev. Luther M. Kuhns, present at all the sessions and to be permitted to listen to his excellent addresses.

Our General Secretary on the Wing SO



OMEONE has quaintly said, “The value

of a hitching post is in the fact that you can find it precisely where you leave it.” It is a good thing for young men to have a "hitching post," tying to principles that will not change, rather than to impulse as fickle as a wave of the sea. Seated in a railway car en route to an engagement a successful, hard headed business man was commenting on the need for young men to have as their capital a few fundamentat principles to which they could hold to in their lives. These he counted a possession that was gilt edged. It was refreshing, invigorating conversation.

The General Secretary spent several weeks in the office of The Luther LEAGUE REVIEW. It was

an interesting place. Wonder how many could imagine the amount of work done there for the Luther League by the men connected with the paper. How many little details have to be cared for! How :nany of other people's mistakes must be rectified if possible! Then the large amount of cheap advice, and the catalogue of the wise who could out Solomon Solomon. It is interesting, and the rest of us should appreciate w!hat is being done for us by The REVIEW and the men in charge at the busy New York office. What was the General Secretary doing there? Playing? Not a bit of it. It was work from 8 o'clock in the morning until midnight every night, and still people ask: “How is the Luther League? Is it growing ?” Well, it is not dying; no obituary notices yet.

The Indiana convention at Camden, Rev. Morgu L. Webb, pastor, in point of delegates was the largest and in point of interest the best in the history of that State League. The delegates and visitors were delighted with their host. A new constitution for the State League based on the Model Constitution was adopted. "The Sons of Issachar," by Rev. F. W. E,

Perchau, D. D., Miamisburg, Ohio, was admirable and enjoyed by an audience testing the capacity of the church.

Three days were spent in Detroit. Intitial steps were taken toward organizing the Michigan State Luther League. On Sunday afternoon there was a Lutheran mass meeting. On Monday evening and Tuesday morning there

a preliminary convention. Committees were appointed, and measures taken contemplating the organization of a State Luther League. These meetings were most encouraging.

The seventeenth annual convention of the Luther League of Ohio—the largest we can remember in ten years—was held in Findlay, Rev. J. O. Simon, pastor. Delegates and visitors were handsomely entertained. The convention sermon by Dr. L. S. Keyser, Springfield, Ohio, pitched the keynote of this convention very high, and it is commendable it was sustained throughout. The redistricting of the State has proven beneficial. It was an aggressive body of young people. Enterprise was written large. The program was unusually strong and must have proven helpful.

A day in passing was spent in Toledo, where we had the opportunity of seeing the fine new church of which Rev. William Brenner is pastor. Besides this a n'umber of other points were visited as locals. At this writing the General Secretary is preparing to start for five other State Luther League conventions.

The National Convention in Albany deserves your attention. Albany is the splendid capital of a great State. There are found footprints of historic Lutheranism in America. It has large commercial interests worth seeing. The National Convention at Albany will be worth going far to attend. Keep your eyes on Albany.




Thirtoonth Annual Convention at Albort Loa, June 26-27

BY CECELIA LINDEBERG. 'HE thirteenth annual convention of the becoming more and more critical, and it is hard to Luther League of Minnesota was held in

adjust a due proportion of seriousness and amuse

ment, of the Puritanical and the Cavalier. Albert Lea, June 26 and 27. The theme of

The number of doubtful amusements and of places

of amusement offered by the outside world is the convention was “Work for Christ.”

stantly growing. But before they are considered it Rev. G. H. Schnur, of St. Paul, conducted

seems that there is a fault rooted deep in the homes.

The habit of family prayers, of grace at meals and of the devotional service of opening session. religious conversations in the home seems to be wan.

ing, and along with it the strict observance of Sun. Dr. A. J. D. Haupt, local pastor, greeted the day has fallen away, and also many parents have delegates. He said that it was possible for

ceased to read the Bible with their children, or to

set them the example of a truly religious life. If the him to look back to the beginning of the State parents do not teach their children the elements of

Christian history, can League when it was organized in St. John

we suppose that they teach them to pray?

The literature of the times is Church, Minneapolis, and hoped that the day of a questionable character, but a far greater and

more evil influence is held by the moving-picture and would soon come when every young people's vaudeville shows. The story writer may try his best

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organization in the State would be united in one Luther League.

Otto Johnson, of St. Paul, president of State League, responded.

The president appointed a committee on credentials.

President Johnson presented a detailed report of his work and the progress of the State organization during the year, which was referred to a committee of three.

The statistical secretary reported one district League and sixteen local Leagues, with a membership of 549. Offerings for local purposes, $473.47, and for benevolence, $150.

The first paper on the program was a diagnosis on the "Spirit of the Times," by Miss Genevieve Stott. The writer said in part:

There is no more serious problem before the Church bodies today than how to assert and maintain influ. ence over the young people. No class seems to need spiritual guidance more, for they are ardent, easily impressed and liable to fall into a state of moral delinquency.

The leading spirit today is a desire for pleasure. The question of amusement is

to describe and explain, but he can never make the impression that the actual picture will make. The playhouse is also considered here.

The ma. jority of modern plays seem to make light of home life and cast disparagement on the sacraments of our Church.

The list of other attractions is longthe bowling alleys, billiard and pool rooms, and the public dance halls all attract large numbers. The athletic attractions are not objectionable, but they must not be carried to excess or engaged in at the wrong time.

The Church, as many seem to think, does not object to simple pleasures-far from banish. ing all pleasure, it welcomes and organizes it. Let us live one existence at a time—in the world. need not mean of the world.

This was followed by a paper on "How to Regulate or Counteract it—the Remedy," by Miss Malinda Skoglund. She said:

The world was going pleasure mad and was draw. ing the youth with it. This could be remedied by proper home training and by proper legislation for Sunday observance. Young people want amusement and we must give them the right kind. It is a good plan to have Luther League rooms fitted for the use of the young people.

An interesting discussion, led by Rev. L. F. Gruber, followed the presentation of these papers. Committees on nomination and resolutions were appointed and convention was closed with a hymn.

Socond Sossion The evening vesper service was in charge of Rev. Beates, of St. Paul. Rev. W. F. Bacher was the first speaker. His subject was “Some Tendencies of Modern Education.” He said in part:

Tendencies of modern education are not agreeable to us as Christians. Public school education not as satisfactory as it should be. Word of God is forbidden in our schools. Education should include the training of the intellect and the building of character. Anyone may teach as far as religion is con. cerned and some express their beliefs and implant them in tlie young. İn high schools they teach Bible as only a collection of good literature and not inspired.

After the rendering of an anthem by the local choir Rev. C. J. Rockey, of Minneapolis, delivered an address on "The Luther League as an Educational and Spiritual Factor in Our Church."

He characterized the modern educational tendencies as “the most insidious, destructive agencies begotten by the adversary for the destruction of the Kingdom of God. They are so because they beget and increase unbelief, and unbelief is the crowning sin and all-enveloping destroyer.” To offset and counteract the influence of these tendencies the speaker emphasized first the need of a positive Christianity, and gave the Luther League Topics a hearty recommendation. This positive Christianity should then be known by the Luther Leaguers that they might be intelligent Christians. He said in part:

In the first place, the Luther League shall teach a positive Cliristianity. This it always has done and we pray that it always will. The Luther League of America uses a set of topics which are edited from year to year dealing with the various doctrinal, practical and historical departments of the Church's active ity, also with the festivals of the Church year and with the missionary operations the Church. These topics are edited by men within the Lutheran Church and up to the present time the Lutheran Church in America has not been infected with any of the negative lendencies of modern education or modern scientific research. These topics are not colorless, indefinite, dealing with generalities and nious platitudes that are unavailing before the positive assaults of skeptics. These topics do not teach anything not found in Scripture or contrary to it. No one reads in this set of topics that man descended from, a monkey instead of being created as he now is. No man reads in these topics that the Books of the 0111 Testament are not true or that a man may believe as much or as little of them as he pleases.

No man reads in these topics that the Scriptures are only so much literature and halt of them not fit to read even then. No man reads in these topics that man wrote the Ten Cominandments from his own growing sense of right and that God had nothing to do with it at all. No man ever reads in these topics that one can learn as much from a heathen philosopher as he can from Christ. No man has ever yet read in these topics that man is the real God of the universe and that all the salvation he needs or will ever get is what he can lay his lands upon here and now. There is no weakness in the orthodoxy of the topics. They teach a positive Christianity.

But how then shall the Luther League become or be an educational factor to offset the teachings of the modern educational tendencies? She has the topics for a cure. But a cure is never really a cure until it is taken into the body and effects a cure. A man

may be ill.

Ile may know precisely what medicine is needed to cure the sickness. He may know also that in the corner drugstore he can get precisely the medicine needed. But as long as that medicine is in the store instead of in the man's body it effects no cure. And until the medicine supplied by the topics of the Luther League, and by its reading courses, get into the head of the Luther Leaguer there is nothing in him yet to withstand the onslaughts of the modern educational tendencies. The topics and litera. ture and reading courses teach a positive Christianity, but it must be known by the Luther Leaguer in order that it may become and be an intelligent Christianity. The necessity of being well posted in a positive Christianity is the second factor in counteracting, the in• fluence of the modern tendencies in secular education. Because if a man does not know the weaknesses in the facts presented in some of our schools at the present day he is at the mercy of everyone who had some new heresy to set forth.

So it is apparent that the Luther League shall be a training school. Luther Leaguers shall read their Church papers to strengthen their faith and broaden their vision. There is no reason that the Lutheran Church in these days shall rear a g: neration who, in the words of the farmer, are unable to see across the fence of their own churchyard." And Luther Leaguers shall read solid matter for their own en. lightenment. In these strenuous days many of us do not read at all; if we read we read current fiction, which is the flimsiest of nonsensical stuff. The average Christian is not intelligent enough in his Chris. tianity; and he is so, not because he needs to be, but because he will not be otherwise. Too much of our religious knowledge is knowledge gained incidentally rather than intentionally.

In a discourse of such short scope as this it is impossible to show the fallacies in all the various things that some of our schools and universities teach contrary to the Christian religion. But though it is im. possible to show the weaknesses in the theories ad. vanced it might be well to say a few words concern. ing the attitude against the Bible so prevalent in America now. Let us look at the teachings and the facts.

The Bible tells the modern educator that God created the heavens and the earth. He lauglis at it. But the wisest philosophers the earth ever contained have never told us, neither is he able to tell us, where this earth came from. The Bible tells us that on Successive days God divided land from sea, created tree3, reptiles of sea and land, land animals, the stars of the heavens, sun and moon and made them to give light. and to separate seasons and act as divisions of time. He denies these statements, but neither he nor any other man with all the wisdom they have ever pos. sessed, have ever been able to tell us where these things came from, how the stars and planets revolve so regularly and unceasingly through space in such unvarying order, why the earth should incline on its axis as it revolves in its orbit, giving us spring and summer, autumn and winter: what has caused it to turn on its axis, giving us days and nights with regu. larity. The Good Book tells us that God created man in Ilis own image. This he scorns as the climax ot foolishness; but with all the scientific investigation that he or any other man has made, his mind, hış thinking, his longings, his determinations, the secret of his personality, these things summed up in himself the man, yet remain the greatest, the most perplexing problem that has ever engaged these thoughts that are so great a problem in themselves. He scoffs and scorns the story that man and woman fell into sin, bringing misery upon the race; but he is totally unable to explain the misery of the world, man's selfishness, hatred and sinfulness with all the attendant and consequent phases of sinful activity when he denies that man is by nature sinful or that it all had its origin in the Garden of Eden. He laughs at the story of Jonah, not thinking that every miracle in Scripture is cither creative or redemptive, that this as a miracle with a purpose of saving Assyria was reasonable, and that that fact that the Assyrians had a fish-god named Dagon made it a most expedient thing that Jonah should have some such experience in order to have a better ground of appeal to the Assyrians. He denies that Christ was divine, maintaining that He was sim. ply a human teacher of more than ordinary ability; but he is unable to explain the wondrous growth and working of the Christian Church for 1900 years if lie says that it is the product of a Galillean peasant in


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various plans and enterprises of the League will be so intense that feelings of rivalry may creep in and cause discord instead of harmony.

A lively discussion followed, led by Rev. Schnur.

A paper on “The Leaguer's Work Outside thie League” was read by Miss Bertha John



stead of an incarnate God. Ile repudiates the Bible because he cannot understand how many of its teachings are possible; but he does not deny the pussi. bility of many things taught in text-books of medicine or astronomy, in steam or electric appliances, even though he is as little able to understand them as he is to understand how God could create a world out of nothing, how Jesus Christ could be man and God at the same time, or how Christ could atone for the sins of the world.

And he condemns the Book in which these things are written; but he cannot explain the miracle of its preservation. It has been saved through nineteen centuries against incalculable difficulties. It has been burned and destroyed; it has been condemned by Emperors who decreed that the person in whose house a Bible would be found would have to die; and yet the good old Book is here today, printed and more wideiy circulated than any other book in Christendom. The old books on mathematics, astronomy, medicine, philos. ophy and history, written by some of the wisest men of the earth. have been protected and housed and cared for to be sure to preserve their contents; but with all the care exercised for their preservation they have passed away. The great libraries of Athens and Alexandria perished and their precious contents are lost. This Book has been condemned and persecuted, hunt d and destroyed with fiendish zeal, but despite all the persecution and destruction it is here complete today, working with as great a power as it ever had before. If it is such an unreasonable, unnatural, unscientific piece of tradition as the modern educator tells us it is, why is it that this Book has been preserved through such unfavorable conditions and cir. cumstances when man's greatest recorded wisdom was lost despite all the care expended upon it? If this Book is such an outworn, antique, fossilized old thing as we are made to believe by the modern educator, why is it so true to human nature at the present day and why does it possess such solace for the soul? If it is full of misrepresentations, and fairy tales, and untruths, and idle traditions, and fabrications of the imagination, why is it so true to history as it has proven itself to be? If it is such a filthy. defiling volume, unfit to read as the refined gentlemen of the present day tell us it is, how shall we account for i he fact that it has always product and yet produces the highest ideals and the highest types of character that this world has ever seen?

After the evening services a reception was given to the delegates and visitors at the home of Dr. and Mrs. Haupt. An excellent program was rendered and refreshments were served.

Third Session The third session of the convention began on Thursday morning at 9 o'clock with devotional services conducted by Rev. Deck, of Minneapolis.

The first paper, on “Practical Hints for Effective League Work,” was read by Miss Gertrude Wohlers.

Some of the hints she gave are as follows:

The attendance of the pastor at all business and devotional meetings should be secured, as he needs the League and the League needs him.

The League should make due recognition of new members when received.

Pay particular attention to indifferent members and also to people who do not attend any church.

Work should be done in the heart, the home, the church, and after these the great outside.

League meetings should begin promptly. Encourage questions, they are marks of interest. Have Luther League bulletin board and keep notices of Luther League events posted on it.

Have no formality, no stiffness, no reserve and no neglected ones at social meetings.

Two dangers which lie in the path of the League business meetings are that if it degenerates into a listless performance, without life or interest, it will decrease the attendance, and that the interest in the

She said in part:

Few of us are called upon to become missionaries, pastors or deaconesses, but the silent and more served worker often gains as great results.

An unexpected word or smile often does the work and draws a friend closer to Christ and the Church.

Can you sing? Then do not sulk because you can. not play also, but use your voice to the glory of God. If you cannot sing, perhaps you can play to the same service.

If you cannot sing or play you can, no doubt, read well A good reader is a comfort in the home for the aged, the sick or the blind.

Let us not keep our love and tenderness sealed up until our friends are gone, but let us till their lives with love and happiness while they are with us

Dr. Lander, of Lindstrom, led the discussion on this topic.

Miss Arline Pieper read a paper on “Why I Am a Luther Leaguer."

Miss Pieper gave five reasons for being a Luther Leaguer.

First, because Luther League is a Christian crganization; second, it is a society for young people; third, it encourages good fellowship; fourth, it develops unused talents, and fifth, it trains good church members.

Frederick Stott conducted the discussion and the session closed with prayer and the Benediction.

Fourth Sossion Rev. Whitman, of Red Wing, conducted the opening service.

Reports of committees were heard and business transacted.

The nominating committee's report was made by Rev. Schnur.

The officers elected were as follows: President, Otto Johnson, St. Paul; recording secretary, Miss Edith Chaleen, Minneapolis; corresponding secretary, Miss Arline Pieper, St. Paul; statistical secretary, Miss Edith Haupt, Albert Lea; treasurer, Herman Turner, St. Peter.

Rev. A. J. D. Haupt then gave a very interesting and instructive chart talk on inner missions. Rev. Deck conducted the question box. At the close of the afternoon session a launch ride was given the delegates.

Fifth Session Rev. Gruber, of Minneapolis, conducted the evening vesper service. The first address of the evening was given

(Continued on page 25.)





HREE powerful forces are working in re- past, how much greater work we can do, for

gard to the nature of man. These are: all the time we are studying intelligently how. Will power, intellectual power, and social we can be a help to our Church. power. My topic is, How to make Luther

Of course, we must love our Church; wc League Work Profitable, Intellectually.

should love all churches, for do we not all I hope I will be more successful in making have the same end in view ? For did not this clear to you than a certain minister was Christ say, “All those who are not against us, with his

One beautiful Sunday are for us?" morning, in his sermon, he was showing that The noble, the beautiful, appeals to the eye shade and light are both necessary in differ- of the youth; show him Jesus as the mosi ent conditions. He said, “Roses, heliotropes beautiful of the children of men and he will and geraniums need lots of sunshine, while love Him. Show him some trends of beauty fuchsias thrive best in the shade."

of the Church and he will love her. "Oh, Doctor,” said a good woman at the Has our Lutheran Church any trends oi close, “I am so grateful to you for your ser- beauty? She would be poor if she had not. mon this morning. I never knew before what The present problems should be brought into was the matter with my fuchsias."

attention. The finding of leaders to conduci Now, in other words, how can we bring our the meetings will probably confront some young people to a better understanding oi Leagues. It is not necessary to have a large their religious duty? By drawing to their number of leaders or that every member minds what has been done in the past. We all should be asked to lead. The main thing is learn by past experiences. Now, let us look that the leader is capable of his task. He back and see what the Church has done: should prepare himself thoroughly beforehand, The abolition of slavery.

be able to handle the topic quite easily. He The value put on childhood.

should know what he is talking about. If a The education of the masses.

League consisting of thirty members has a The evolution of republics.

number of five or six among them able and The movement against intoxicating drinks. willing to lead, it can consider itself forThe organization of missionary societies. tunate, especially if the members have only a

The organization of Young Men's and common school education; even high school Young Women's Christian Associations. graduates do not always find pleasure in leadThe rise of young people's societies.

ing. The selection of text books is of great The organization of social centers to fight importance. It should be the aim of every disease.

Luther League to introduce the Luther League The establishment of hospitals and asylums Topics into the meetings. for sick and dependent people by the State. We have so much to do and we can be

The use of co-operative institutions in busi- thankful that we have the privilege of workness trade unions.

ing for the Master-the most important pari Organizations to educate the people against of our League from whence the ministers and

missionaries of tomorrow come. Sunday School, Bible Study classes.

In 1904 during the Presidential election an The printing press.

official of our United States lay sick in Reform associations to produce a cleaner his cabin on a far-away island. He was very dramatic life.

anxious to hear of the election; it meant all The gathering of the people in mass con- to him. The minute Roosevelt was elected a ventions to discuss great questions of common message was sent across our continent and interests.

from one island to another, practically around We Leaguers are the Church of the future, the world. Received on this island, carried to we are a part of it now. If all this great work the sick man's bed, and he read: “Theodore has been accomplished by the Church in the

(Continued on page 28.


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