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563 the most correct analysis of any mineral produc- purpose of glazing the ordinary kinds of earthention of Great Britain, hitherto either unexainined ware, without any preparation of lead, and supeor not examined with accuracy; the gold medal, rior to any hitherto in use; the gold inedal,' or The analysis and sufficient specimens to be pro- thirty guineas. Specimens of the ware so glazed, duced to the Society on or before the first Tues- withi proper certificates of its having succeeded, day in January, 1803,
and a sa!nple of the materials made itse of, to be 96,
PREPARATION OF SULPHURIC ACID produced to the Society on or before the first FROM SULPHUR WITHOUT THE USE OF ANY Tuesday in February, 1803. NITRIC SALT. To the person who shall pre- 92. REFINING COPPER FROM THE ORE. To pare the largest quantity (not less than one ton) the person who shall discover to the Society the oi sulpimric acid from sulphur, without any best method of separating, purifying, and refinnitric salt, of a specific gravity, not interior to ing copper from the ore, so as to render it fit the best sulphuric acid of commerce; the gold for the fir: at purposes to which fine copper is medal, or fifty guineas. Cerii ficutes that not less now applied, and by a proce`s superior to any than the above quantity of such an acid has been hitherto known or in use, and not higher in prepared, together with a sample, to be produced price; the gold medal, or fitty guineas. Certifito the Society on or before the first Tuesday in cates that not less than three tons have been so January, 1803.
prepared or refined, and a quantity not less than 87. PREPARATION OF ANY ALKALINE OR one hundred weight of the copper so refined, to EARTHY NITRATE. To the person who shall be produced to the Society on or before the first prepare, in Great Britain, the largest quantity, Tuesday in February, 1803. not less than one hundred weight, of any salt of 93. MINERALOZICAL MAP OF ENGLAND AND nitric acid, with either earths or alkalies, by a WALEs. To the person who shall complete and method superior to those hitherto practised ; the publish an accurate mineralogical inapoi England gold medal, or one hundred guineas. Certificates and Wales, on a scale of not less than ten iniles to or the above quantity having been prepared, and an inch, containing an account of the situation of a sample of not less than 28/h. to be proriucer to the different mines therein, and describing the the Society on or before the last Tuesday in Ja- kinds of minerals thence produced ; the gold nuary, 1803.
medal, or fifty yuineas. Certificates of the accu88.' FINE BAR-IRON. To the person, in racy of such inap, together with the map, to be Great Britain, who shall make the greatest quan- produced to the Society on or before the first tity of bar-iron, noi less than ten tons, with coak, Tuesday in February, 1804. The map to refrom coak-pigs, equal in quality to the best iron main the property of the Society. imported from Sweden or Russia, and as fit for 91. MINERALOGICAL MAP OF IRELAND. converting into steel; the gold inedal, or fifty The same premium is offered for a mineralogical guineas. Samples, not less than one hundred map of Ireland on similar conditions. weight, with certificales that the whole quantity 95. MINERALOGICAL MAP OF SCOTLAND. is of equal quality, to be produced to the Society The same preinium is offered for a mineralogical on or before the first Tuesday in January, 1803. map of Scotland on similar conditions.
89. PRESERVING IRON FROM Rust. To the 96. NATURAL HISTORY. To the author person who shall invent and discover to the So- who shall publish, in the year 1802, the natural ciety a cheap composition, superior to any now history of any county in England or Wales; the in use, which shall effectually preserve wrought gold medal, or titty guineas. It is required that iron from rust, the gold inedal, or fifty guineas. the several natural productions, whether animal, A full description of the method of preparing vegetable, or mineral, peculiar to the county, or the composition, with certificates that it has found therein, be carefully and specifically are stood at least two years unimpared, being ex- ranged and described, in order that the public posed to the atmosphere during the whole time, may be enabled to judge what arts or manufacto be produced to the Society, with ten pounds tures are most likely to succeed in such county. weight of the composition, on or before the first The work to be delivered to the Society on or Tuesdav in January, 1805.
before the last Tuesday in January, 1803. 90. REFINING BLOCK-TIN. To the person who shall discover to the Society the best method of purifying or refining block-tin, so as to
PREMIUMS IN POLITE ARTS. render it fit for the finest purposes to which grain- 97. HONORARY PREMIUMS FOR DRAWING, tin is now applied, and not higher in price; the BY NOBILITY. For the best drawing, of any gold medal, or fifty guineas. Certificates that kind, made with water.colours, crayons, chalk, not less than three tons have been refined or pu- black lead, pen, Indian Ink, or bister, dy young rihed, with a full detail of the process, and a gentlemen under the age of twenty-one, sons or quantity, not less than one hundred weight, of grandsons of peers, or peeresses in their own the tin so refined, to be produced to the Society right, of Great Britain or Ireland, to be proon or before the first Tuesday in January, 1803. duced on or before the first Tuesday in March,
91. GLAZING EARTHEN-WARE WITHOUT 1803 ; the honorary medal of the Society in LEAD. To the person who shall discover to the gold. Society the cheapest, safest, most durable, and 98. The same in siiver for the next in merit. prost easily-fusible, composition, fit for the 99, 100. The sune premiums will be given, or
the like conditions, to poung ladies, daughters or 113. COPPER-PLATE PATTERNS FOR CAgrand-daughters of peers, or peeresses in their tico-PRINTERS. For the best pattern, in a new own right, of Great Britain or Ireland.
stile, fit for the purposes of calico-printers for 101. HONORARY PREMIUMS FOR DRAWING, garment work; the silver medal. To be proBY GENTLEMEN. For the best drawing, of any duced to the Society on or before the second kind, made with water-colours, crayons, chalk, Tuesday in January, 1903. The pattern to black-lead, pen, Indian ink, or bister, by young which the premium is adjudged to remain the gentlemen under the age of twenty-one, to be property of the Society. produced on or before the first Tuesday in 114. LINE ENGRAVINGS OF LANDSCAPES. March, 1803; the gold medal.
For the best line engraving of a landscape, pub102. For the next in inerit, the silver medal. lished in the year 1803, the size of the engraving
103, 104. The same premiums will be given not less than eighteen inchies by fourteen; the fer drawings by young ladies.
gold medal. To be produced to the Society on N. B. As the foregoing honorary premiums or before the last Tuesday in January, 180+; are intended only for such of the nobility and and the impression to which the premium is adgentry as may hereafter become patrons or pa- judged to remain the property of the Sexiety. tronesses of the arts; persons professing any 115. For the next in merit; the silver medal, branch of the polite arts, or any business de- on similar conditions, pendent on the arts of design, or the sons or 116. Line ENGRAVINCS OF HISTORICAL daughters of such persons, will not be admitted SUBJECTS. For the best line engraving pubcandidates in these classes.
lished in the year 1802, of an historical subject, 105. DRAWINGS OF OUTLINES. For the best the size of the engraving not less than eighteen outline, after an original group or cast, in plaster, inches by fourteen; the gold medal. of human figures, by persons of either sex, un- 117. For the next in merit; the silver medal. der the age of sixteen, the principal figure not Conditions, &c. the same as in classes 114 and less than twelve jnches; to be produced on or 115. before the third uesday in February, 1803; the 118 MODEL IN CLAY OR PLASTER. For greater silver pallet.
the best model in clay or plaster of an 106. For the next in merit; the lesser silver mental design for the purpose of embellishing pallet.
works of Architecture; the silver medal, or N. B. These drawings are to be made on pa- twenty guineas. To be produced to the Society per, and the original either to be produced to the on or before the last Tuesday in January, 1003. Society, or to be referred to for their examina- The model not to be less than thirty inches by tion,
twelve. 107. DRAWINGS OF LANDSCAPES. For the best drawing of a landscape after nature, by per- THE FOLLOWING PREMIUM (CLASS sons of either sex, under twenty-one years of
119,) IS OFFERED IN CONFORMITY age, to he produced on or before the third
TO THE WILL OF THE LATE JOHN Tuesday in February, 1803; the greater silver
STOCK, OF HAMPSTEAD, Esq. pallet.
108. For the next in merit, the lesser silver 119. ORNAMENTAL DRAWINGS FOR ARCHIpallet. Each candidate must mention, on the TECTURAL DESIGNS. For the best ornamental front of the drawing, whence the view was drawing for the purpose of embellishing architaken; and the drawings must be made with tectural designs; a silver medallion with the folchalk, pen, Indian ink, water-colours, or bister. lowing engraved inscription: The Premiun
109. HistoriCAL DRAWINGS. For the best given by the Society for the Encourngement of Arts, historical drawing, being an original composi- Manufactures, and Commerce, in conformity to tion, of five or more human figures; the height the Hall of Join Stork, qi lompstead, 1.sq. The of the principal figure not less ihan eight inches; drawing to which the premium is adjudyed to to be made with crayons, chalk, black lead, pen, remain the property of the Society, Indian ink, water-colours, or bister, and to be 120. For the best model in clay or plaster of produced on or before the third Tuesday in Fe- a design for the same purpose; the silver medal. bruary, 1803; the gold pallet.
The performances in these two classes not to be 110. For the next in merit; the greater silver less than thirty inches by twelve, to be made by pallet.
persons under the age of twenty-one years. To 1. CHINTS PATTERNS FOR CALICO- be produced to the Society on or before the last PRINTERS. For the best original pattern in a Tuesday in January, 1803. new tasie, of light or dark ground chints for gar- 121. PERSPECTIVE DRAWINGS OF MAment-work, fit for the purposes of calico-printers, CHINES. For the best perspective drawing of by persons of either sex; the gold medal. Tó machines by persons under eighteen years of be produced to the Society on or before the se- age; the greater silver pallet. To be produced cond Tuesday in January, 1803; the pattern to to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in which the premium is adjudged to remain the January, 1803. property of the Society.
122. For the next in merit; the lesser silver 112. For the next in merit; the silver medal, pallet, on similar conditions. on siunilar conditions.
123. ENGRAVING ON WOOD, or METAL
BLOCKS. For the best engraving on wood, or which can be generally afforded as cheap as metal blocks, of a subject or allegorical decora- cloth of equal quality and appearance now tion for a volume of the Society's Transactions, made from hemp, fax, or cotton, and much proper to be prefixed to the premiums offered by fiver in quality than any hitherto manufactured the Society, and capable of being worked with
in England from hop-stalks, &c. the gold medal, the letter press; the gold medal. The engraved wood or metal block, and two or more imprese of which the cloth is made, and thirty yards of
or thirty guineas. One pound of the thread sions from it, to be produced to the Society on or before the second Tuesday in February, 1803, the whole is manufactured from hop-stalks or
the cloth, together with proper certificates that and the engraved wood or metal block to which the premium is adjudged to remain the property bines, &c. to be produced to the Society on or of the Society. The engraving to be of a proper
before the first Tuesday in December, 1802. size to form an octavo page in the volume.
N. B. The Society is already in the posses. 124. For the next in merit; the silver medal sion of cloth made in England from hup-stalks on similar conditions.
or bines,which may be inspected by application 125 STATUARY MARBLE. To the per
to the housekeeper. son who shall discover, within Great Britain or 129. Wicks FOR CANDLES OR LAMPS. Ireland, a quarry of white marble fit for the To the person who shall discover to the Society purposes of statuary, and equal in all respects a method of manufacturing hop-stalks oi bines, to those kinds now imported from Italy; the
or any other chcap material, the growth of Great gold mcdal, or one hundred pounds. A block Britain, so as to render them equally fit for the of at least three feet in length, two in heiglit, purpose of supplying the place of cotton, for and two in width, with an account of the sie wicks of candles or lamps; twenty guineas. tuation of the quarry, and certificates of its pos- Samples, not less than five pounds weight, of sessing considerable extent, to be produced to the wicks so prepared to be produced to the Sothe Society on or before the first Tuesday in ciety, with certificates that the whole quantity is February, 1803.
equal in quality to the sample, on or before N. B. In order to prevent useless expence the second Tuesday in January, 1803. or trouble to the claimant in forwarding so
130. PAPER FROM RAW VEGETABLE SUBlarge a block, the Society will be ready to exa
To the person, in Great Britain, mine any smaller specimen of the marble, and who shall, between the first of January, 1802, express their opinion of its value to the candic and the first of January, 1803, make the greata date before the block required by the above est quantity, and of the best quality, (nut less premium is produced.
than ten reams) of good and useful paper, from 126. BRONZEs. For the best drapery-fi- raw vegetable substances. ihe produce of Great gure or group case in bronze; if a single figure, Britain or Ireland, of which one hundred weight not less than twelve inches high; and, if á has not been used in manufacturing paper pregroup, not less than nine inches; and which vious to January, 1801, superior to any hitherto will require the least additional labour to repair; manufactured from such substances, and which the gold medal, or the silver medal and twenty can be generally afforded as cheap as paper of guincas. The cast to be exhibited to the Sóc equal quality and appearance now made from ciety before it is begun to be repaired, with the rags; twenty guineas. original figure or group, on or before the first N. B. The object of the Society being lo add Tuesday in February, 1802, together with a
to the number and quantity of raw materials full explanation of the whole process.
used in this manufacture, it is their wish to include every useful sort of paper, and to intro
duce sucli natural products as can be casily and PREMIUMS FOR ENCOURAGING AND chcaply procured in great quantities. The SoIMPROVING MANUFACTURES.
ciety are in possession of two volumes contain. 127. MACHINE FOR CARDING SILK. For ing a great variety of specimens of paper made the best machine, superior to any now in use, from raw vegetable substances, viz.-nettles, for carding waste silk equally well as by hand; potatoe-hawlm, poplar, hop-bines, &c. which to be produced, together with a specimen of the volumes may be inspected by any person on apcadings, on or before the first Tuesday in No- plication to the housekeeper. vember, 1802 ; the silver medal, or twenty Certificates of the making such paper, and guineas.
one ream of the paper, to be produced on or 128. CLOTH FROM HOP-STALKS, &c. To before the second Tuesday in January, 1803. the person who shall produce to the Society 131. TRANSPARENT PAPER. the greatest quantity, not less than thirty yards son who shall discover to the Society a method of cloth at least twenty-seven inches wide, of making paper from the pulp that shall be made in Great Britain, of hop-stalks or bines, perfectly transparent, and of a substance and or other raw vegetable substances, the produce body equal to fools-cap, that shall take and of Great Britain or Ireland, superior to any his bear coinmon writing ink with the same facitherto manufaetured from such substances, and lity and correctness as writing paper generally in
To the per
use; the silver medal, or twenty guincas. Cer- 136., TAKING WHALES BY THE GUNtificates of the making such paper, an account Harpoon. To the person who, in the year vi the process, and one ream of the paper, to be 1802, shall strike the greatest number of whales, produced on or before the second Tuesday in not fewer than three, with the gun-harpoon; January, 1803.
ten guineas. Proper certificates of the striking 132. TAKING PORPOISES. To the people such whales, and that they were actually taken in boat or vessel, who, in the year 1802, in the year 1802, signed by the master, or by shall take the greatest number of porpoises on the mate when the claim is made by the master, the coast of Great Britain, by gun, harpoon, or to be produced to the Society on or before the any other method, not fewer than thirty, for last Tuesday in December, 1802. the purpose of extracting oil from them; the 137. FAMILY MILL. To the person who gold medal, or thirty pounds. Certificates of shall invent and produce to the Society the best the number, signed by the persons to whom constructed mill for grinding corn for the use of they have been sold or delivered for the purpose private families, or parish-poor; the construcof cxtracting the oil, to be produced to the tion to be such as to render the working of the Society on or before the last Tuesday in Ja- mill easy and expeditious, and superior to any nuary, 1803.
hitherto in use; the gold medal, or thirty gui133, OIL FROM PORPOISES. To the pere neas. The mill, and certificates of its having son who shall manufacture the greatest quantity been used to good effect, to be produced to the of oil from porpoises taken on the coast of Society on or before the first Tuesday in Fee Great Britain, in the year 1802, not less than bruary, 1803, twenty tons; the gold medal, or thirty pounds. N. B. Cheapness and simplicity will be conCertificates of the oil having been made from sidered an essential parts of its merit; and the porpoises actually caught on the coast of Great mill, or the model, to remain with the Society. Britain, and two gallons of the oil as a sample,
138. MACHINE FOR RAISING COALS, to be produced to the Society on or before the ORE, &c. &c. To the person who shall invent last Tuesday in February,1603.
a machine for raising coals, ore, &c. from mines, superior to any hitherto known or in use,
and which shall produce the effect at a PREMIUMS IN MECHANICS.
less expense than those already known or in 134. GUNPOWDER-M111s. To the perm use; the gold medal, or fitty guineas. A moson who, in the year 1802, shall invent and del of the machine, made on a scale of nor less bring to perfection the most effectual method than one inch to a foot, with a certificate that a of so conducting the works of gunpowder-mills, machine at large on the same construction has in the business of making gunpowder, as to pre- been advantageously used, to be produced to the vent explosion; the gold medal, or one hun- Society on or before the second Tucsday in dred guineas. Certificates and accounts of the February, 1803. method having been put in practice in one or 139. MACHINE FOR RAISING WATER. more gunpowder-mills in this kingdom, and To the person who shall invent a machine on a that it promises, in the opinion of the best better, cheaper, and more simpic construction judges concerned in such works, to answer the than any hitherto known or in use, for raising purpuse intended, to be produced to the So. water out of wells, &c. from a depth of not less ciety on or before the first Tuesday in Feb. 1803. than fifty fect; the gold medal, or forty gui
N. B. As an encouragement to persons to neas. Certificates of the performance of the turn their thoughts to improvements of this na- machine, and a model of it, on a scale of not ture, if any should be made on the present me- less than one inch to a foot, to be produced to thod of conducting the business of gunpowder the Society on or before the first Tuesday in making, which fail short of the total preven- February, 1803. tion of explosion, and they are sent to the So- 140. MACHINE FOR MAKING BRICKS. TQ ciety for the sake of humanity, the papers so the person who shall invent the best and cheapsent in will receive due consideration, and such est machine for making bricks, superior to any bounty or reward will be bestowed thereon as hitherto known or in use, whereby the labour they appear to merit.
and expence of making bricks in the usual 135. TRANSIT-INSTRUMENT. To the per- mode, by hand, may be greatly diminished; son who shall invent and produce to the Society forty guincas. A model, with certificates that a cheap and portable transit-instrument, which a machine at large, on the same construction, may casily be converted into a zenith-sector, has been used to good effect for the purpose of capable of being accurately and expeditiously making bricks, and that at least one hundicd adjusted for the purpose of finding the latitudes thousand statute-bricks have been made thereand longitudes of places, and superior to any with, to be produced to the Society on or bem portable transit-instrument now in use; the fore tle first Tuesday in March, 1803. gold medal, or iorty guineas. To be produced 141. BORING AND BLASTING Rocks. on or before the last Tuesday in Jan. 1803. To the person who shall discover to the Society a
more simple, cheap, and expeditious method ciety on or before the second Tuesday in Jan. than any hitherto known or in use of boring 1803. and blasting rocks in mines, shafts, wells, &c.; 147. CLEARING THE TURNPIKE AND the gold medal, or thirty guineas. Certificates OTHER ROADS IN WINTER FROM Mun, of the method having been practised with suc- AND IN SUMMER FROM Dust. To the percess, with a full description thereof, to be deli- son who shall discover to the Society the most vered to the Society on or before the first Tuese effectual and the cheapest method, verified by day in January, 1803.
experiments, of clcuing the turnpike and ether 142. HEATING ROOMS FOR THE PUR- roads of great resort, in winter from mud, and POSES OF MANUFACTURERS. To the person in suromer froin dust, or most effectually prewho shall invent and discover to the Society a venting the accumulation of either; the gold method of heating rooms, superior to any hither- medal, or fifty guineas. to known or in use, and at a moderate expence, 146. For the second best account; the silver for the purposes of painters, japanners, and other medal, or twenty guineas. It is required that manufacturers, so as to avoid the necessity of an accurate account of the method used, and iron or copper tunnels going through the rooms every expense attending it, together with satisto convey the smoke, whereby the danger from factory certificates of its being ettectual, be de. such tunnels may be prevented; the gold me- livered to the Society on or before the first dal, or forty guineas. A mudel, or complete Tuesday in March, 1503. drawing and description of the method, with certificates that it has been successfully piactis- PREMIUMS OFFERED FOR THE AD. ed, to be delivered to the Society on or before VANTAGE OF THE BRITISH COLOthe last Tuesday in March, 1803,
NIES. 143. IMPROVED VENTILATION. To the person who shall invent and produce to the So- 149. NUTMECS For the greatest quantity ciety a mode of permanently ventilating the of merchantable nutmegs, not less than ten apartments in hospitals, work houses, and other pounds weight, being the growth of his Macrowded places, superior to any now known or jesty's dominions in the West Indies, or any used; the gold medal, or fifty guineas. A model of the British settlements on the coast of Africa, of the apparatus, and a full account of the means or the several islands adjacent thereto, and by which the effect has been produced, with equal to those imported from the islands of the proper certificates, to be delivered to the Society East Indies; the gold medal, or one hundred on or before the last Tuesday in February, guineas. Satisfactory certificates, from the ge1803.
vernor, or commander in chief, of the place of 144. MILI STONES. To the person who growth, with an account of the number of trees, shall, between the first of February, 1802, and their age, nearly the quantity of fruit on cach the first of February, 1803, prepare and bring tree, and the manner of culture, to be produced into use the greatest number of mill stones, on or before the first Tuesday in December, taken from any quarry in the United Kingdoms, 1802. equal in quality to the French burrs, not less 150. Cloves. For importing into the port than thirty pairs; the gold medal, or thirty of London, in the year 1802, the greatest guineas. Certificates that the said mill stones, quantity of cloves, not less than twenty pounds were all taken from the same quarry, with weight, being of the growth of some of the their prices and dimensions, that they are equal islands of the West Indies subject to the crown to the French burr, not less than three feet eight of Great Britain, or any of the British settleinches diameter, and are actually in use, to be ments on the coast of Africa, or the several produced to the Society on or before the third islands adjacent thereto, and equal in goodness Tuesday in February, 1803.
to the cloves brought from the East Indies; the 1 45. For the next greatest quantity, not less gold medal, or fifty guineas. Samples, not than twenty-five pair ; the silver medal, or less than two pounds weight, with certificates fifteen guineas, on similar teims.
that the whole quantity is equal in goodness, 146. PREVENTING ACCIDENTS FROM together with satisfactory certifrato signed by HORSES FALLING TWO-WHEELED the governor, or commander in chief, of the CARRIAGES. To the person who shall invent place of growth, with an account of the number and produce to the Society a method superior of trees growing on the spot, their age, and the to any hitherto known or in use, to prevent ac- manner of culture, to be produced to the Socidents from the falling of horses with two- ciety on or before the first Tuesday in January, wheel carriages, especially on steep declivities; 1803. the silver medal, fifteen guineas. A model 151. PLANTATIONS OF BREAD-FRUIT. of the apparatus, and a full account of the Trees. To the person who shall have raised means by which the effect has been produced, in any of the islands of the West Indies subject with proper certificates that the same has been to the crown of Great Britain, or in any of the used with success, to be delivered to the So. British settlements on the coast of Africa, or