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THE PROJECTOR, No III. fame undertaking, have begun by laying Ira furor brevis eft. Animum rege, qui nifi it down as a maxim, that a good tem. paret

per may be acquired againft the bent Imperat: hanc frenis, hunc tu compesce of nature, and accordingly have proCilená.

HOR. posed certain rules to promote equaniHE principal characteristic of the nity and expell peevith nefs. But as which, hoivever unworthy, I have the mended to the young (who are not, by honour to belong, is equality of tem- the bye, the greatest delinquents in

, per. Whether this has arisen from this refpect) we cannot always be cerphilosophy or constitution, whether we tain that they have succeeded. There have fuppretsed our angry paflions, or is at least an equal chance that they tere born without them, must be left may have been employed on dispola conjeciure; but, after carefully in- fitions which did not require their specting our hiftory, I do not find an aid, and which they rather encouraged instance upon record of any of iny than forined; and i hus, as in the case ancestors having been ruiled by of some 'niedical prescriptions, the recross accidents, or these little trials of putation of the physician has arisen, perplexity and vexation which so fre- mot so much fro:n the cure, as the abquently destroy good-liumour. I ac- sence of the dilenle. count it therefore a great happiness 10 It appears to me extremely doubtful be allied to a fainily of this deferip- whether any intimnctions can be given tion; for, afier we have made a lair with success for the regulation of the and liberal estimate of all the blellings temper in grown gentlemen, or for abaof life, of rank, title, and wealılı, we ting that irritability which appears on nult at last give the preference to ludden and triting provocations, and cheerfulness.

“ puts them out of temper." This last By what means we have fecured this expreffion, with others in colloquial adı antage in perpetuity, will probably use, seems to imply that temper is reappear in the course of these lucubras moveable by accident, and returnable tions : in the mean time, however, to by de rees, and it is certain that, from prerent erroneous (peculations, I de- observing the various periods of its dnfire it may be remembered that the fa- ration or absence, we learn to class the mily motto is contentus parvo ; that various kinds of good, or very, good, the world has never been extremely fa- bad or very bad toners, with iheir fe. vourable in its honours or rewards ; veral lubdivisions. It has been oband that Projectors have generally been lerved, indeed, the mankınd a defpifed order of men : and, to make much attention to this article, as never curiolite till more anxious to know 10 ufe the word ieper widiout an how we have contrived to preserve inis epiihei. valuable inheritance, undininihed by That a good temper forms a very poextravagance, forfeiture, or mortgage, pular character, we know from the I must farther add ihat fome of us wave etforts made to comerte't it. Hyposa been engaged in law-fuils, fome have crisy is a compliment whind the wicked lived in a liate of dependence, and are doomed to pay in almost every foue li nve been married.

virtue. Niorosus, whose pride and As estry man, not of a niggardly bad temperare in very close union, ne. difpofition, who posielles any advan vertheless puis on a mott engaging tage, is naturally desirous to impart it manner, wiih a splendid ferit of claths, 10 others ; accordingly, among the when he gows abroad. Common cho tuany projects on which much of my fervers thereiore fit him down for a I me bias been employed, is 10 be man of a sweet trinn und

infound the outline of a scheme for ile dent fortune, while his more timele tezulation of temper ; but I am forry acquaintance know that his teaspir is to nodd, that after trying numberless ex- noi natural, and that his cloilies are per pents, I have not been able to not paid for : both are provided for Pag it to fach perfection as cither late and thew, and are of no ufe but o juftify me in applying for a parent on a fonnal visit or a bolichay to sell, or encourage me to seek a re- Since it is then very easy for some muneration for disclosing the secret. perlons to endue themielies with a Some projectors, engaged in the food iemper, we muti regret that such Gixt. Mag. March, 1802.

exhibitions

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exhibitions are only temporary trials of plaints and their discontent into corrskill, and that so inany pleasing acts pany. It is surely very fair that they are not, by more frequent exhibition, who have any disorder upon thein connected into a regular habit. From this should be prevented from infecting confideration, I have always reconi- their neighbours; and ill-humour, it mended that good temper (like any has ofien been found, is fo remarkably other - quality in which we with to contagious, that one person, coming excel al road) should be first practised fuddenly into a room during the fit, at home. Home would be an excel- has been known to give it to twenty lent school for it; a wife, children, others who had not a fymptom of the and servants, are good judges of the ar- disorder before he made his approach. ticle; and when they have once de. No fpecies of quarantine, therefore, clared it to be pericct and durable, it ought to be deemed 100 firict, to premay be tried out of doors with allu- vent the spreading of fo malignant a

auce of success, and require no forinal diliate, nor oushi the infected to coinpreparation. Contideni as I am, bow- plin if they are prohibited from conever, of the importance of this advice, veving a plague which men are fo apt I am forry I cannot at present produce to catch when the pores of the mind many weil-atrelied cates of its having are open, in the hours of convivial rebeen taken.

laxation, and when the circulation of That truly eminent projector, the the blood is probably quickened by reauthor of the Spectator, in one of his peatedly fivaloving short petitions for excellent schemes, proposes an hopital the good of their country. for men out of humour: but it may This iniection, moreover, produces be questioned whether this deferiprionails of a very conljicuous nature, such of patients would submit, in their cross

as may be feen and felt; for, although paroxylius, to anything fhori of force: it is primarily a dileale of the mind, we and it is at the fame time to be hoped, often tee it affect the body, by redness of that althouglı fils of ill-bornour are countenance, twelling and blackness very fevere, they would rarely last fo about the pues, extraordinary elongalong as to survive the necellárv preli- tion of the fice, and fometimes violent minaries of a removal. I ain doub:ful bleeding at the note, as if produced by likewise whether, in the present liate the liroke of a fift. Some bave had of things, the publiek could support the their teeth loofened, when the disorder rast expence of building which this

was at a great height, and forne their would require, an expence which is limbs broken. It was not long lince, at least trebled fince the Spectator's that a person of confiderable character dars, principally, I am told, by that and confequence in the world, feized ingenious fyftein of furrcyorship, of with this malady, and imprudently whichi Inigo Jones and Sir Chritiopher going into company when the fit was Wren were deplorably ignorant. And, upon him, fell upon the floor of a tafarther, if this expence were to be in- vern as if he hal been knocked down; poled by act of parliameni, it would and another of the fame company, probably occasion that dreadful dilein- who was observed to fit very near him,

the cure is worfe ihan had part of his fcull laid open, as if a the distale ;" for I fufpect, thit, if we quart bouile had been thrown at his will to bring people into good hu- head. lu fore very violent fits ruour, it would be a very bad liep to of the diforcier it lias been found necer«apple first to their pockets.

fire to call in the opinion of the best Where we cannot ablolutely remedy judges, which is altended with very a disorder, our next attempt is to ren- great expence, and other damages anci der it as little lurtful as poflible, by inconveniencs whicli, a rerfonable confining it within certain bounds. I man would think, owcht lo prevent have, therefore, fometimes thought of the infected from going abroad to often a comproinise between men of ill-hu- as they do. mour and the rest of fociety ; in con- It is, however, an unfortunate propliance with which, the first of these perty in this clitorder, that the paticat high contracting parties should be ala is always defirous of change of pice, lowed to retain their lpleen unmoletied, and of reinoring the distemper tre in prorided they consented to shit thun- wiere it is to where it veier ought in felves up in their apartinents, and be. One man, for example, has had Made no attempi to bring their com- a dispute with his wife (which, I kuo:v

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not why, almost always brings on a ments to Messrs. -, and hopes they fit of ill-hunour), and, having a surplus will excufe his attendance 10-night, as of peevishness left on hand, carries it he is exceedingly ont of humour.” into company, as to a murt for goods “ Mrs. SPADILLE's heti compliof that' kind. Another has been ments to her dear Mrs. Ponto ; would forced to submit to the airs and impe- gladly have joined her agreeable party, rious demands of a milirers, and thinks but was fo completely put out of temper proper to revenge the cause of keeping last night by an abominable run of on the first perfoxi he meets, as a game- cards, that she has not been herself ker, who has been unsuccessful at the fince." faro-table, considers it no fin to repair Mr. Blunder's compliments to bis loiles on the high-way. One has Mr. DEMORR; is forry he cannot meet been deceived in the character of a per- him to-night at the coffee-house, as in fon to whom he lent money, and c n- crolling Temple terrace about noon he foles himself by finding fault with fell into a ridiculous mistake, and loft those who owe him none. Avether his tenper." complains bitterly of his wife, bis “Mirs GADABOUT returns complichildren, bis fervant, his cook, his ments to Mrs. and Miss JAUNTLY, dinner, and his wines, when the real would have been happy to accompany fource of the evil, if he had had the them to the Opera, but would think candour to acknowledge it, would have the dances and finging shocking, as been found upon Change or in the she has been juft pilt out of patience Disepunt office. The oddeft circum- by her father's refusing to fubfcribe to Stance I remember of this kind of trans- the new theatre." fer, was in the case of my neighbour Mrs. Teazle is extremely sorry Mrs. Tatile, who caught ihe ditorder she cannot comply with Lady BETTY's in a dispute with the box-keeper at the polite invitation, as she has had some theatre, and vented it next morning on words with Mr. TEAZLE about the the pew-opener at church. She repre- fuit of lace, which renders her incapafented the mutlaying of her hailock as ble of giving any civil answer but ihe a terrible crime ; alas ! she was think- prefent." ing of a front-row on the Prince's fide. “ Mr. SNEAK's compliments to the

Such being the practice of patients Club; cannot pollibly meet them toafflicted with ill-hunour, I hope we night, as he has just had a tiff with are not requiring too much, when we Mrs. SNEAK, and does not wish to require that, in the first place, they difurb the whole company." Thall know that they have lost their Excules like there will no doubt

aptemper; and, secondly, that they shall pear rather fingular ; but what is there not leek it' where it is not to be found; that custom will not function ? And that they shall rank ill-humour, when when was cusion, better employed than

only accidental, among those difcafes in the service of such candid conh which are a sufficient excnle from de. fellions? When any thing odd, whim

clining invitations to company, and fical, and extravagant, in dress or manthat it shall not hereafter he thought ners, is invented, there are always some more prudent to excuse themselves, pertons of contequence to give it curupon account of a bad cold, thau'a rency; and my scheme, which surely

hasigher claims to patronage, requires Should this compromise be agreed only to be adopted by a dozen or two to, it will not be necellary for the pare of the firaugeit tempers in the polite ties who are to plead the Ratute of Tud- end of the town, if they can poslibly kiness, to puzzle their brains in order to overcome their prejudices against folia find out new forms of cards and com- tary confinement. It will then in pliments. The fame models of polite course find its way into the city, and excufes will answer in this, as in perliaps, in time, diminish the virus common cases where rheumatisms, lenee of that fpieen which is now very violent colds, headachs, and other improperly diicharged on the helpless names for dislike, or previous engage- and unoffending: ments, are specified. And I hope that Although Projectors have generally we shall soon have to place fuch notes been thought too selfiMly partial to as the following upon our. weekly their own Ichemies, to listen to those of files.

others, that failing, I must in justice * Mr. Hasty returns his compli- say, does not adhere to our family;

bad temper.

-History of Whalley. [Mar. and as a proof, I shall conclude this

are generally carried on with far more paper with some notice of the project asperity than the subject demands, and

an ingenious physician in the West, fome have oddly enough 'contrived to who has lately invented an air-pump, vent those paflions by the

pen,

which if I may so call it, for the brain. This were formerly considered as the exclu, gentlemnan, after many experiments, five privilege of the tongue. Time and has at lengih contrived, by dint of air attention could not be better employed only, to oblige people to be merry, than in deyiting a remedy for this evil ; Jaugh outright, and declare themselves and, as I am not wholly without hopes extremely happy, without knowing that a considerable progress may be why or wherefore. I must regret, made by joint efforts in this delign, I however, that this discovery has not thall take an early opportunity to offer yet been made fufficiently public. An fome hints on the pallions of the pen, hundred and twenty miles, is too long a the bigotry of liberality, and the injourney for an hour's happinets; and it temperance of fober discullion. were io be wished the ingenious con- *** P.O's Lilier shall be attended to, triver would enable the publie at large, who might purchate his machines, 10 Mr. URBAN, Holme, Feb. 07. pump in a little felicity whenever their LLOW me to rectify a misconcepoccalions demanded it. Yet, confined tion of your correspondent Phias this discovery is at present, I louk larguros (p. 17), who fuppoles ine to, upon it to be one of the most impor- have represented the Silver fiate, to tant ever made, not only to individuals, which the arm discovered in the townþut to large bodies, communities, cor- fhip. (not parilli) of Butterworth bad porations, &c. As it has the fingular originally belonged, as intended “ to property of forcing people to laugh, commenora:e” Valerius Rufus. our theatrical managers would foon fee If Philarguros will turn to p. 28 of the necessity of erecting one in each the Hittory of Vihalley, he will find house, capable of operating on the that the statue was of Victory (the vicwhole audience, and producing that tory of the 6th legion), dedicated ly mirth which Aowed formerly froin our Valerius Rufus, of whom it is furely comedies, when wit was accounted no improbable conjecture to suppose a principal ingredient, and the dialogue that he was an officer of some rank' bewas less beholden, than at pretent, to longing to the legion in question. Phithe carpenter and seene-painter. As to larguros appers not to be very famiprivate families, it is incredible how liarly acquainted with the nature of much good might be done by occa- votes, or the flyle of votive inscriptions. fional infusions of goorl-humour, in I am, however, indebted to him for promoting the happiness of husbands the candid and obliging manner in and wives, and lelieving the fatigues of which he has stated his difficulty ; and proctors and special juries. It may be am his, and Mr. Urban's, obedient doubted whether it would not fervan:,

T. D. WHITAKER. fave the SPEAKER of a certain great afsembly fome unpleasant necessities, GRECJAN ARCHITECTURE. No. IX. and render the call to order less fre- Mr. URBAN,

Portsca, Minrch 1. quent, by enabling him to throw a

IN

N conclusion of the last number it placid air to whatever side of the House was contended, that on the jaitness ihere appeared the mist of party and of disposition depends the beauty the lour of opposition. I therefore beg found in architecture; and, indeed, dil. leave to recommend this scheme with position may be deemed the fummary the honour it deserves; and I long for of architectural perfections. It is deits extension, and the happy day when fined by Vitruvins the due arrangeforeigners shall rejoice to breathe in the ment of things, and an elegant relult focetious atmosphere of Old England. of plans designed in character with the

Good-humour is at present in such quality of the work. It is here the high demand, that any project for its architect finds his tentative. A judiincrease musi be listened to with eager cious selection from amongh Nature's approbation. It would perhaps be of beauties is to characterise his plans ; more use to literature than is common- and order, fyminetry, and decorum, ly imagined, and again be acknow- are his quides conducting him to this ledged a characteristic of wisdom. But elegant result; for, in reality, a perfect at present, I am forry to say it, disputes dispolition presupposes order, tymme:

even

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try, and decorum, which, though dif- of natural philofophy: and after all tinct things, are certainly fubtervient there is one ellential endowment more, to it. Experience, judgment, taste, and which books cannot impart, viz knowledge, and a certain dignity of esperience in the practical part of mind, uninfluenced by prepolleffins, building. When all this is duly con. are the endowments required to pro- fidered, we may eatiiy accom for the duce a fine dilpofition. The common abulės introduced by unqualited pracdeception that milleads those who ado titioners in the Grecian architecture, dress themselves to any of the liberal which in the courle of thele letters will ans is, that the pleasure conceived at be free!v combated, as well as the alle their firit introduction to the art taite for Gothick figlies which fome which they affect, prompts tem 10 are endeavouring, with much folicibelieve that to be ealy in execution tude, to revive. But to return : which they find fo charming in con- The modes of dilpofilion are diftintemplation. Thus (in the art in quef- guished by Vitruvius by the terms ichtion) mistaking approbation for hnow. nography, orthography, and itenograledge, and tale for ability, they are phy, which are familiarized in our lanapt to conclude that the underlianding guage by ground-plan, elevation, and of the rules and method of delineating perspective. The Rev. Daniel Barbaro the ornainental parts of architecture, as coniends inuch for a correction of our taught in a variety of little publications malier's term scenography into sciogruin our language, is all that is required phy, as this word favours the notiou of to make them adepis in the art. But

a lection or profile, which he argues to the Tvro, who with this small stock of he of more use in deligning plans than qualifications fall undertake to delign perspective; and his opinion is very a noble and magnificent Structure, will reasonable, though we cannot doubt foon find himfelf embarralled : for but that Vitruvius wrote scenography. the task he has set to learn is of infis But, as fections are of such effential use nite difficully, and attained to but by in explaining the various connexions few, because there are but few that ainong the parts of a Structure, it seems have real genius. Hence come thote probable that our matier, who could not abuses that ditgrace our nation : and it beunacquainted with their use, includes is hard to fay which is in the greateti them under the term orthography as well excess, the folly of the employers, or as what we call elevations; dit in the the presumption of the builders.

firict and literal tena, the teria means It is by repeated trials and a studious any upright delign. But a tariher difapplication of mind to the nodes of cuilion of this controversy is unnecefdisposition, that a competency eren is fary; fince the nature of feétions is this art can be acquired. And there perfecily understood, and their use acare niany acquirements, besides delign- knowleilged; thoug!ı a mocel is preing, ellentially requilize in an Archi- ferable io repeated sections : and 'the teci, tuch as arithmetic, mentiration, principle use of a peripective delign is several branches of geometry, fowe pro- to convey a general notion of an ingrels in natural philofophy, hitory, tened work to the minds of such as and' civil law ; to which our masier, underland not other plans. Vinurins, adels music, logic, and In difcufling the leveral topics that physic; but in these times we may appertain to the modes of difpofition, with propriety substitute, in place of in which the principal delign of these these three last

, fome knowledge of letters will be unfolded, as a leading Greek, Latin, French, and Julian; principe 10 all, and which can never ivbich will be of much greater service be too much inculcated, it may fafely in architectural relearches. There are be laid down, that a majestic fimplifeveral statuses for regulating building, city will always best enfure fuccess. which Mr. Tavlor, of Holboum, has Let two elevations be imagined on the selected and published for the conve- fame scale, one with an entablature nience of architects. But for inaking, and pediment everywhere crowded valid contracts which the architect will with foliage, feftoons, exquisite freis, have freqnent occasion to enter into, and multiplied divisions of liule moulda farther' knowledge of law will be ings, enriched with delicate fculpture found necellary. Nor can a proper the other with few members in approjudgemnt be formed of several kinds priate svmmetry sparingly decorated; of materials without tonie Lwowierige this will really be, and will appear,

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