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PART 11.]
Review of New Publications.

611 self to the Sonnet ;" and adds, that If there be any thing in a Tille, " he cannot recollect any passage, in “ My Lodger's Legacy” is equal to the narrow circle of his reading, in “ Tales of my Landlord ;" and the which the word “ Sooneteer" is used Poetry of the late Timothy Bobbin, seriously; Dr. Johoson's definition is if not so recondite as the Proge of the merely " a small Poet, in contempl." Scottish Host, is at least as facetious.

This little Volume consists of Three “ The word Sonneleer, indeed, has so long been exclusively a term of ridicule,

Tales" My Uncle [the Pawnbrothat it seems to be a well-founded matter ker), a Tale Sounded on Fact;" “Raok of doubt whether it has ever been used Poison ;" and “ The Woodcocks; or, in a graver sense. Be this, however, as How to make Game,'a Tale founded it may, it is far from the intention of the on Fact;" all much resembling the Author of the following remarks to im. “ Broad Grins,” noticed in Part I. peach the justice of the publick, in their

P. 628.

And the Reader who can estimation of his subject. He has long

peruse either of them without a thought it a truth, not less pleasing than evident, that the deliberate judgment of bearty laugh possesses a sang froid

which we do not envy. the publick is seldom wrong."

There is, bowever, here and there " To certain Sonnets of Milton, of Gray,

(but not frequently), a live or two of Warton, of Cowper, and of many who

which is somewhat too ludicrous. are now living, whom it would he super. fuous either to enumerate or to praise,

115.

A Letler to the Freeholders of the the Reader of discrimination will always

County of Durham, on the Proceedings turn with delight; and from having found

of the County Meeting, holden on Thurs. his ideas of the English sonnet illustrated

day, 21st of October instant; and para by such examples, the Author of this Vo.

ticularly on the Speech of John George Tume has been mainly encouraged in his

Lambron, Esq. M. P. By the Rev. design of offering it to the pnblick."

Henry Phillpotts, M. A. Prebendary of “No one need restrain either bis censure Durham. Third Edition. 8vo. pp. 35. or his praise, from a kind apprehension of Murray. adding to or of overturning a superstruc. THIS Letter, from a truly respect. ture of vanity founded upon a collection able Divine, deserves very serious atof rhymes commencing with an invocation

tention. It is a masterly vindication to Sleep, and concluding with a recommendation of Forgetfulness.”

of Legitimate Authority; and if it is We shall give one specimen of what himself apologize:

somewhat warm, Mr. Phillpotts shall we hope is drawn more from fiction

" I would iudeed gladly have forborne than reality :

to address you at all, had I found, as I " Days of my childhood, when, where hoped, that other and abler pens would wild flow'rs grew,

have been employed in this service. But From morn I've stray'd till twilight it is one of our misfortunes, that the gloom'd again,

(then greater activity is, as usual, with the When I recall my long-since pleasures, worse cause. Those of you who know me So sweet, so pure, so simple, and so true, (and I am proud to say, that some of the Mine eyes grow misty with regretful dew, most respectable of my opponents are To think that like a dream they're gone; in the number) will not think, that I ob.

trude myself from the impulse ofa spi. A sigh for bliss that never can return, - rit generally inclined to violent courses, So lov'd when lost--and so unpriz'd when They will readily believe, that if I have

(smiled spoken warmly,' it is because I feel And well may I weep o'er the joys that deeply, it is because I am convinced Long past—well linger 'mid the times that an enemy, who looks forward to the that were,

utter subversion of all that is venerable or I who retain the weakness of the child virtuous,-of all that was wont to be the Without the simpleness;--my moments pride, the strength, and the consolation

of tbe lowliest order of our people, -of all As wayward, and as wasteful, and as wild, that made Englishmen walk erect among -But oh! not innocent, nor void of care." the nations of the earth,-is even now at our

gates, is among us, is almost upon us :

and that this enemy is in no way so effec. 114. My Lodger's Legacy ; being Comic

tually served, as by the unhappy use that Tales in Verse, with some other Pieces.

has been made of the lamentable occur. By the late Tim Bobbin the Younger;

rence to which this letter refers. Author of London, or the Triumph of

“ Those who know me not, will judge Quackery. !2mo. pp. 90. Chapple.

of me from what I bave written; and if

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they do not assent to my arguments, or ample reward of his extraordinary concur with my feelings, they will, I hope, labours: but we-perceive, with much at least do me the justice of believing, concern, that serious differences have that I am a sincere lover of our common

arisen between Mr. Bowdich and the country, and an ardent admirer of her

African Committee, which it becomes unequalled laws."

the Commitlee to explain. The accu

sations, if pot exaggerated, are ex116. A Letter to the Attorney-General, on

the Inexpediency, Sinfulness, and inef. tremely severe. ficacy of all Prosecutions for Blasphemy

“ The question,” says Mr. Bowdich,

" which I seek to have decided, is simply, and Irreligion. By Samuel Roberts,

whether I am to be punished for exposing Author of The Blind Man and his Son," "Tales of the Poor,"- The State

my life on a forloro hope, for being disLotlery, a Dream,”—"'A Defence of the linguished by the good fortune of being

Snef. Pour Laws," &c. 8vo. pp. 18.

The first who succeeded in a mission to

the interior of Africa, the grave of so field, Gales; London, Longman and

much illustrious worth and talent, because Co.

the Board who employed me are unable LEAVING the regular Review of

to appreciate the advantages to Science, this Letter to the learned Gentleman

and unwilling to pursue those which have to whom it is addressed, we shall only resulted to Commerce ; fearing that if the give Mr. Roberts's opinion, that, settlements were allowed to fourish, if “ Had Paine never been prosecuted, his

this valuable field of discovery were too blasphemous work could not, in all pro

much disclosed, the Government would bability, have been read by one in a hun.

assume the managemeot, their trading dred of those who have now perused it. monopoly would be at an end, and their Had Houe been suffered unmolested to write dependents and instruments no longer be and to publish his disgusting blasphemies, supported at the public expense, to barit is probable that neither he nor his work ter the goods of their masters in the Com. would have been much known beyond his

mittee, to retail rum and tobacco in Eng,, own limited circle. The notoriety which

lish uniforms, to delude instead of imhe acquired in consequence of his prose.

proving the natives. I sketch my cop. cution and his self defence, have induced

nexiou from the beginning with the Afri

can Committee (who whilst they receive Carlile to emerge from obscurity, and to

all their funds from the Government, abendeavour, by every art of effrontery, to attract the attention of Government. This surdly, but artfully, entitle themselves was clearly from the first, bis object. He

• The Committee of the Company of Mer. has unfortunately succeeded. He has be. chants trading to Africa'), io shew that come known and talked of throughout the the special testimonies of good conduct kiugdom; and the blasphemous work,

by which they have distinguished me from which, when the prosecution of Paine had

the other officers in their service, have ceased, was soon forgotten, is now selling

not merely been unproductive of recomto a great extent in every town, of any

pense, but followed by loss, because my importance, in the kingdom.”

exertions and pursuiis for the good of the

settlements, not being confined to bucksThis geveral circulation, it is to tering and agency, were inconsistent with be hoped, is now at an end. At all

their individual interests as merchants and events, we are rather of opioion, with tradesmen." the friend of the Author (p. 15), that

The statements in this pamphlet “ When the progress of Blaspbemy and are certainly in the nature of ex parle İntidelity has been spread to a certain ex- evideuce. But Mr. Bowdich is a tent among the lower orders, the power- man of known veracity ; and, if a ful arm of the Law may, without doing small portion only of the facts of violence to the principles of Christianity, fraud, extortion, and degradation be employed with advantage to check the

which he mentions, can be substanevil.”

tiated, it will be a severe reflection on

our pational bonour. 117.

The African Committee. By T.C. Bowdich, Esq. Conduclur of the Mission to Ashantee. 8vo. pp. 81.

118. Reciprocal Duties of Parents and

Children. By Mrs. Taylor, Author of MR. BOWDICH, and the enter. “ Malernal Solicitude," " Practical taining accounts of bis “ Mission," Hints." &c. &c. 12mo. pp. 176. Taywere introduced to our Readers in lor and Hessey. the First Part of the present Volume, THE subject discussed in this little p. 425; and we had reasou to sup- volume could not easily have fallen pose that he was now enjoying the under the consideration of a more

able

1

PART II.)
Review of New Publications,

613 able Writer. The following portrait them away to know them no more : but in particular could only bave been human ties can alone be dissolved by delineated by an affectionale and sen- death; and whatever alienations ensue, sible female :

they are not warranted by nature, or by

nature's God. Honour thy father and “ Behold that lovely cherub in the arms

thy mother,' is a command coeval with of its fond mother! It has been but a few

the existeuce of our parents; and should months in existence, yet it has already

be as deeply engraven on the human learned to recognise its best friend : her

heart, as once it was on the table of stone faithful bosom is a receptacle of all its

written by the finger of God.” tiny sorrows and joys; its hopes are derived from her experienced kindness; its After some introductory observafears are allayed by her protecting care;

tions of a general nature, Mrs. Tayon this well-known being it depends, for

lor adds, all that can soothe and delight. The ut

" Besides these fundamental duties, most ingenuity of the nurse, though aided there are others which beloog both to paby the delicious morsel, or the glittering rents and children, during the succeeding toy, is of little avail when she appears, in stages of life, and which extend to its whom is concentrated every gratification latest period. To explain and enforce of which its infant mind is susceptible. some of these subsequent obligations, is Soon, under her assiduous care, its bo- the more particular object of the following dily and mental powers begin to expand ; pages.” its joys and its woes are more intelligibly These duties are then severally inexpressed; it grows fertile in schemes and

culcated, under the following specific contrivances for its own amusement (as beads: yet it dreams not of existing for any other purpose); in these the fond parent parti

“ Mutual respect; Family harmony ; cipates, and is consulted on all occasions Self-will; On some mistakes in education, without reserve. In the frolicsome gam

and the correction of them; Pecuniary bol she renews her interest, and again en

affairs; Rising rank of life; Parental and joys the pleasures of infancy with a double

filial conduct, as it relates to the sexes ;

Partiality ; Settling in life; Religiou; The zest.

death of parents ; lo childless persons ; “ She feels and owns an interest in their

The orphan; and Concluding chapter of play,

[fold,

sound advice.” Adopts each wish their wayward whims unAnd tells at every call, the story ten times

119. Appendix to a Vindication of the Unia told.'

versity of Cambridge, from the Reflec“ The companion in health, the watch- tions of Sir James Edward Smith, 86. ful, assiduous, and anxious friend in sick- &c. By James Henry Monk, B. D. ness, the prime of a mother's days im- &c. Cambridge, printed at the Uniperceptibly glides along, bearing away versily Press, in May 1819. 8vo. pp. 55. her personal graces, and not unfrequently The learoed Professor seems deleaving her constitution a wreck.

termined to have the last blow, and “ As infancy ripeos juto childhood, her

that with no very gentle haod. But, duties alter, but her zeal continues uną

as this Appendix appears to bave bated: she perseveres in accommodating her services to the growing necessities of intended for general circulation, we

been produced in self-defence, and not her charge, till that important period arrives, when childhood emerges into youth, shall only notice the concluding paand a new epoch commences in the ma

ragraph ternal feelings. Then, then it is, that the “ In laying aside the pamphlet of Sir subjects of her solicitude begin to seek James Smith, I must seriously declare, their gratification from other sources; and, that the principal feeling which it has ocin proportion to their success, are prone casioned me, is that of extreme sorrow, to forget whence they were once derived : at a person of scientific attainments, who confidence gradually declines; and that represents himself to have associated society which heretofore comprised all much in the higher ranks of life, exthat was desirable, becomes, perhaps, posing himself in a way so inconsistent irksome,-a burden and a restraint: so with the manners and the sentiments of that the reserved and distant being we now refined society. With respect to myself, contemplate, could scarcely be identified his desigos must, I am well convinced, with the smiling cherub of former days. totally fail: but I should feel truly un.

“ The brute creatures, like the human easy, were I conscious of having given species, attend their young progeny with any provocatiou for the frightful degree anxious solicitude ; and when their ser- of personal animosity exhibited throughvices are no longer necessary, the parent out the whole of my adversary's book. first breaks the tender tie; and chases · Mine was only the defence of a public

cause, * 1691.

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cause, and of a body to which I was 1636. He was the son of Nicholas Bee, bouud by every tie of duty and attach- by bis second wife, Barbara Ussie. ment. We are seldom good judges of our « Of bis childhood no particulars bare own productions : but I am assured from reached the present day; and the Editor all quarters, that there was nothing in joins his unceasing regret with the la. my Vindication which ought to have occa- mentations of all Biographers past, presioned such bitterness of resentment, or sent, and to come, that so little attention indeed any personal feeling at all: and I is paid to this interesting portion of the must therefore conclude, that the real lives of their heroes, by whicb it might approvocation has been, the very different pear how those wbo are born great are reception which our two publications have to be distinguished from those who “a. experienced in the world."

chiere greatness.'

“ The name of Jacob Bee would not 120. Practical Observations on Telescopes, have descended to the nineteenth century

Opera. Glasses, and Spectacles. By Wil- but for the indefatigable diligence, indusliam Kitchiner, M. D. 12mo. Pp. 163.

try, and antiquarian research of that worBagster.

thy citizen Mr. Thomas Woodmass, of THIS useful publication (two records which otherwise would have pe

Durham, who has collected innumerable Editions of which have been sold rished; and who, with a care truly pawithout a single Advertisement) was

ternal, cherisheth the Diary of Jacob Bee before spoken of, in the manner it as one of the most valuable possessions : deserved, in vol. LXXXV. ii. 55.

and although it hath now great need of a Dr. Kitchiner's observations on the new covering, yet its worthy possessor is Double Stars, p. 25, will be perused still loth to trust so valuable a manuwith great interest by the scientific; script into the hands of any maker of bookas will his remarks on Sectacles, p.61, backs of the present day. by all who have the misfortune to be

" The descent of the Diary from its Au. near-sighted.

thor to its present happy possessor, will One remark on this latter subject, be clearly perceived by the pedigree ansball be trapscribed:

nexed.

“ Jacob Bee was brought up to the “ It is a very general vulgar error, that sister arts of skinner and glover, and flog. near-sighted persons who use concaves, as rished in his native City for three quarthey get older become less short-sighted: ters of a century.--He was buried January on the contrary, every optician and near- 15, 1711." sighted person I have consulted on this

The notices in the Diary are priosubject have assured me, that as the eyes cipally such as relate to the births and become impaired by age to see distant deaths of Jacob's friends and neighobjects sharp and distinct, they require deeper concaves; and at a very advanced bours ; but events of a public nature age commonly complain they cannot see are occasionally introduced. to read so well as formerly, and require Ao article or two shall be taken the assistance of the common Preservers from his obituary: of 30 or 36 inches focas.-Dr. Parker, the " 1683-4. Jan. 8. Robert Hilton, esq. late Rector of St. James's, Piccadilly, liad Justice of ye Peace in Westmorland, from his youth a short sight, and when came to Durbam, and lived in the Coledge: almost fourscore years of age, complained be died very suddenly, having been abroad he could not read so distinctly as he wish- at supper the night before, and went very ed: with the help of convexes of 36 inch well to bed ye night before. Feb. 29. focus, he was enabled to read and write Richard Hutchinson, son to Richard Hutchwith comfort to himself for several years inson, commonly called little Dick." after."

“ 1684. Sept. 28. John Richardson,

senior, and Maltman and Tanner, in 121. The Diary of Jacob Bee, from 1682, Frainwelgate, departed this life, being to 1706. 8vo. pp. 26.

Sunday this year, being excommunicated THIS little Tract is certainly a

and buried in his owne garden, at Caler. Bibliographical curiosity, as only house, near Durham; being denyed by TWENTY copies of it are in existence, the Bbp. to bury bim in the Church, it and it is neatly printed op fine paper.

being his desire. The grave was opened

in the quire but shut up again by orders Prefixed to it is a regular Life of the

as above, buried 29th.” Author, with Jacob Bee's Autograph,

". This identical Grave-stone still reand pedigree of his family.

mains there, but a garden wall having “ Jacob Bee (a native of Durham) was been built upon it, a part only of the inbaptized at the chapel of St. Margaret's, scription is legible. -Parted this life Framwellgate, on the 19th day of Juve, September anno ætatis suæ

PART II.]
Reviere of New Publications.

615 “ 1691. - Aug. 26. Sir John Duck, The Translator's Preface unfolds bart. departed this life, being Wednesday the nature of the work ; and his ex. at night, and was burried upon Monday planation of the chemical nomenclaafter, being the 31st of August."

ture may be useful to our readers : “ The wealthiest Burgess on the Civic

“ The object of the following work is to Annals of Durham. Of Sir John's birth,

explain the ineaus by which the practical parentage, and education, the two first have hitherto remained veiled in impene- discover and separate the constituents of

chemist, unaccustomed to analysis, may trable obscurity, as to the third, he was

a gaseous, liquid, or solid combination or bred a butcher, under John Heslop, in de.

mixture, and ascertain the weight or vofiance of the trade and mystery of Butch- lume of each constituent. In the original ers, in whose books a record still exists,

French, this treatise forms the concluding warning John Heslopp that he forbeare to volume of Thenard's Chemistry, publishsett John Ducke on worke in the trade of a

ed in Paris in 1816. Butcher. John Duck however grew rich,

• Possessing as we do the excellent married the daughter of his benefactor,

works of Dalton, Davy, Henry, Murray, and was created a Baronet by James II.

and Thomson, a translation of the whole He built a splendid mansion in ilver

of Thenard's elementary and praetical street, where a pannel still exists record

Treatise on Chemistry, though one of the ing his happy rise to fortune. The Ba.

most recent and valuable works on the ronet, then humble Duck, cast out by the science in the French language, seems to Butchers, stands near a bridge in an at

be quite unnecessary. But as we have titude of despondency ; in the air is seen

no separate and convenient work in Eng. a raven bearing in his bill a piece of silver,

lish on Chemical Analysis, the Essays of which a ccording to tradition fell at the

Bergman and Kirwan having been long feet of the lucky John, and was naturally since out of print, it bas been judged calculated to make a strong impression that a translation of Thenard's treatise on on his mind. He bought a calf, which

that subject would be a valuable acquicalf became a cow, and which cow being sition to the practical chemist. It is hoped sold enabled John tu make further pur

that the present translation will be found chases in catile, and from snch slender sufficiently perspicuous, faithful, and conbeginnings to realize a splendid fortuue.

cise. It pretends to no other kind of On the right of the picture is a view of

merit. his mansion in Silver-street, and he seems

• With regard to nomenclature, to some to point at another, which is presumed it may be useful to state that chemical to be the hospital he endowed at Lumley.

names of compound bodies are contrived He died without issue, and was buried at

to give an idea of the nature of the comSt. Margaret's, where his wife Pia-Pru

binations, by uniting ihe names of the condens-Felix lies buried beside him.

stituents, and varyiog their ierminations. On Dick the Butchers shut the door;

According to the author a combustible is But Heslop's daughter Johnny wed: a body which can corabine with oxygen. In mortgage rich, in offspring poor, All the simple bodies, excepting, oxygen, Nor son, nor daughter crowned his bed.”

are combustible. A burnt body is a comOf the picture above described, a

bustible combined with oxygen. An acid neat wood - engraving accompanies is a burnt body possessing a sour taste, this remarkable narrative.

and reddening an infusion of litmus; an oxide, a burnt body not possessing'a sour'

Protoxide, 122. A Treatise on the General Principles deutoxide, tritoxide of lead or any other

taste nor reddening litmus. of Chemical Analysis. Translated from combustible, denote, the first oxide or oxthe French of L. J. Thenard, Member ide least oxidized, the second oxide, the of the frestitute of France, Professor of third oxide of lead. &c.: the name peChemistry, &c. &c. By Arnold Merrick, roxide is likewise given to the oxide con8vo. pp. 333. Longman and Co. .

taining the most oxygen.

When a cumTHIS elegant translation of a po- bustible can combine in several proporpular and scientific work was first an- tions with oxygen and form two acids, the nounced, by us and even advertised in most oxygenized is distinguished by mak. " Thomsou's Annals." It is there. ing its name terminate in ic, and the less fore surprizing that any

olher
person

oxygenized, by making it terminate in should undertake the very same, as

There are no general rules for namnow reported. It is generally thought union of two oxides or two acids, or of

ing the compounds resulting from the that the use of such notices of works

an acid with an unmetallic oxide. Hiin preparation is to prevent two or

therto they have been denoted by the more from hurling themselves by

names of oxides and acids of which they competition.

are formed. . But there are exact rules

important

ous.

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