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are now thickly swarming with men. dent and exhibition.

He was

not Far better not to be, than to be for pur- delivering a lecture, but writing for poses of misery, and to be trodden on

the stage, where action is to furnish and oppressed ; and trodden on and op

effect, not eloquence or mathematical pressed man ever will be, when he is

demonstration. Newton has fame for too abundant, and, like every other ob

sublime geometrical philosophy ; but ject, to be valued, he must be rare.

mankind knows or thinks no more of “The superabundant population of Ireland is not the parent evil, but it ag- Hercules, and did what no map else

him, than that he wielded the club of gravates every other. Partial emigraţion has only fed the flame, and besides

could do. The novelty of his discothat emigration is almost exclusively

veries and the sublimity of his subPresbyterian,--the sturdy though decay. jects, procured, however, for him his ing oak of this forlorn wilderness of man.

due niche in the Temple. But the Reared with bigb ideas of himself, and

invention of logarithms was equally with the remembrance full in his mind great, and, in Newlon's own style; of those days when his ancestors, bear- but few persons regard or know the ing the favoured name of Protestants, name of Napier. of this description like Roman citizens in a remote pro- of persons was Aristotle. His mind vince, lived on a footing of equality al- was colossal, but he wrote not for most with the highest, he cannot ac- the general publick; and, from a commodate himself to the degradation

proneness to system, he involved in wrought in his once lofty condition, and he takes refuge in America from unac

technical jargon, and an absurd code customed misery, where bis perseverance

of principles, knowledge of the most and industry soon procure him inde

valuable kind. His ideas are lost pendence and affluence."

through this; like diamonds badly

set. This is an appalling picture, but Amidst the false philanthropy, who, that contemplates ihe condition

the projects of anbitious persons of some districts in England, can sup

in the present age, it is plea spose that it is exaggerated or over

ing to refer to objects, upon which wrought? It was not for the writer's interest to deal in misrepresentation.

the philosopher, the scholar, and the

man of the world, can rest his eye His sympathy in so much misery may. with satisfaction. The disgusting have biassed him towards certain po- ambition veiled under the mask pular and impracticable theories, but

of the political creed does not apit does not appear to have induced

pear; and men of genius are seen bim in the slightest degree to swerve to write for the legitimate purpose from the truth. In describing the

of writing, that of instruction. "Vawretchedness of his countrymen, he rious half-educated people are desihas honestly endeavoured to trace it

rous of raising themselves in life; to its true cause, and, without recom

and then Religion or Politics is deemmeuding any rash innovation, he has ed the most convenient means. We pleaded for the speedy adoption of

are therefore deluged with perpetual ihose measures, which, as far as hu- inundations of trash. We are inan wisdom can ayail, may tend to a

this account glad to see that the conradical and permanent cure.

scrvation of real learning is now be

come an object of serious concern in 7. A New Translation of the Nicho

the University of Oxford. The semachean Ethics of Aristotle. Bvo. verity of the examinations has already pp. 272. Longman and Co.

been allended with the best effects. IN discussing the question of ge- As the Clergy are the tutors of the nius or talents, one point of import Nation, it promises the improveauce has never been considered. It is ment of taste, the exclusion of merc this ; that where there is a subtlety sciolists from the Church, the creaof reasoning, the interest is propor- tion of a literary turn, the facility of tionally limited, apd the fame nar- general ability, and a diminution of

Shakspeare is general in his dissipation and idle expence. It is ideas, and particular only in his de- upon this principle of augmenting scriptions of character. Of course no high classical knowledge, that this stody is requisite lo comprehend him; excellent Translation is formed. There but to be regarded as a deep rea- has been an objection to works of suner, it is to be proved vply by inci- ibis kind, because school-boys may

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1819.]
Review of New Publications.

55 lay hold of them; but surely there is and two sh's in shook and shining. no objection to forming a collection We therefore think, that much of our of fine drawings, because the children poetical translation is no better than of the family may search for the pic- Handel's Messiah played upon a bagtures and spoil them. As well we pipe ; i. e. spoiled. Besides, the flamight say, do not use glass, because vour of the author is destroyed by it inay be broken.

We conceive, dilution. “Coro grows where Troy however, that the public taste is was.” “I bave lived, and fulfilled greatly injured by not having literal the course which Fortune gave," says translations of all the great Classicks Dido; “ I came, I saw,

I conquered.” laid before them, in the manner of The diguified march of hexameters is this Work. Among many we con- the stately pace of an army. The ceive it would supersede the pseudo- rhyming verse is pantomimic recitaapostolical cant of Mr. A. preached, tive of the dancing-master. Add to and Mr. B. prayed, and inuch shrewish this the difficulty of conveying the railing against Government. But our local and national combinations of opinions vary much as to the form ideas by free translation. Paradoxiof these translations. This Work is cal, therefore, as our ideas may seem, professed to be quite literal, and we we think that, upon the whole, liteshould like to see translations of the ral versions are to be preferred, at Poets in the same form. We know, least, wherever an accurate knowthat we risk much by letting off such ledge of the author is the object de. an opinion ; but, when all things are sired. At all events, we know that considered, we think that a fac-simile nobody would endure a free translahas more interest, than a paraphrase. tion of the Bible, or a fancy cast of In the choruses of Sophocles, for in- the Belvidere Apollo. We wish for stance, who can form an idea of the

no more than a mere change of lanGreek style, from any of the Latin guage in the one; and (because we versions. Let us consider too, how cannot help it) of materials in the much more facile and extensive the other. Pope's Homer and Dryden's learned languages might thus become; Virgil are puppets in wood, copied nor does there exist a serious objec. from antient statues. Add to ihis, tion, except with school-boys, from the enormous utility of such translawhom such books are to be withheld. tions to adults, who can thus finish, The plan we mean is this ; a column in advanced life, imperfect education, of original, and another of literal without the aid of a master, or loss translation-bus, like Beza's Testaof time, at their period of life, not ments

to be spared. “ Mecenas, atavis

66 Mecenas sprung edite Regibus,"&c. from royal ances. 8. The Enjoyments of Youth; a Groundtors," &c.

Work to the Comforts of Old Age.

With Notes and Illustrations. Small We lose nothing of the real cast of

8vo. Pp. 284. G. and W. B. Whitsentiment and character in the Au

taker. thor : only the charm of the metrefication. Now the question is, whe- FROM the moral and religious lher that can be supplied by rhyme or tendency of this Publication, it may blaok-verse. We believe it to be not improperly accompany the eximpossible for this to be transfused cellent volume to which it professes by any art whatever. We believe it to be “a ground-work." Though to be just as impossible, as rendering of a very serious nature, it is written the same musick by different notes. in a gossiping style; and we trust For instance, there is immense gran. that the good produced by it may deur of euphony in the following exceed the well-intentioned Author's Greek words : Παιδες Αθηναιων warınest expectations. έβαλoντo φαεινην ωρηπιδ' ελευθεριας." [The youths of Athens shook the the “ Enjoyments of Youth,' that it

“ It did not appear to the Author of shining spear of Liberty). The elul- would effect bis object to give the scenes phonous effect is owing to the nume

of a remote period. To reach, and to rous vowels and liquids, which form stem the torrent of a prevailing foosethe language; but in the translation ness of inorals, which, if not downright we have two th's in youths and Athens, infidelity, at least nearly approaches to

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66

it, and is at any rate replete with hypo

cation of them to events long subsequent crisy; it was necessary to show the times to their publication, is a solid ground as they are, not as they were, and to of belief that they are genuine predic. point out the necessary result from such tions, and consequently inspired.' exhibition. We know it is a

“ Little need be added after the above fashion among very many respectable testimony, and from such a man as Sir old sinners to buy "The Comforts of William Jones, justly held to be the Old Age.' The book looks well placed greatest scholar of the day. Bishop any where, something like having the Patrick said of the book of Job, . That Family Bible on the side-board (rarely

it is as much above all other poetry as opened)."

thunder is louder than a whisper-it is

a noble poem.' After the united opi. The Author well observes,

nions of Milton, Addison, Pope, Steele, “ It is not the vile passion of avarice, Sir Isaac Newton, and hundreds of others, or any other vices of age, nor their con

equally celebrated for their learning and temptible eagerness for the honours of discernment, Epicurus in vain problue and other coloured ribbons or stars,

nounces men as springing up from the from which it is necessary to admonish

soil like reptiles and mushrooms-otbers, youth: no! it is the lamentable seduc- the eternal generation of mankindtion of the false and fleeting pleasures others, of the doctrine of inevitable nehe is introduced to, nay, thrust into, cessity: Mirabeau's System of Nature, from the ill-directed attentions of rela- which has lately been reprinted, would tives and friends, that he is to be shield

drive Religion from the bosom of man; ed-from deterioration of mind, aban

but let our Youth reflect, that he was donment of religion !

the most vicious man of his day, wal“ The Author may probably offend lowing in every sort of sensuality, and some of the silken sons and daughters without common decency. Deists themof Luxury; he could not avoid distin- selves pretend to a morality!" -guishing the real from the artificial,

“What a medley are our public prints! and he must comment upon the received half the page filled with the ruin of the pleasures of high life, where his hero is country, and the other half filled with placed, to make bis argument out, and

the vices and the pleasures of it. Here this he has preferred doing in a modern

is an island taken, and there a new coperiod, the time (abating anachronisms, medy-here an empire lost, and there a 'which are sometimes pardonable) occu

lady's route on a Sunday. — Cowper's pying the last twenty months.”

Letter to Mrs. Unwin, March 7, 1782." We shall select a few of the Illus

Ove note, of some (we do not say trative Notes :

wholly undeserved) severity, is thus

concluded : “ Malesherbes (the defender of Louis XVI.), who, I believe, was a Freethinker, “ The serious charge we have to acknowledged in his Speech, that Re- make is yet to come. No woman has ligion alone can give sufficient force to dared in this age, to print what Lady enable the mind of man to support the Morgan has dared to do,-yet luckily inost dreadful trials with the greatest the poisonous arrow she has directed dignity."

against Christianity falls bluntless, ex“ Sir William Jones, at the end of "cepting among the very impotent and his Bible, wrote the following:- I have weak, who may be satisfied with a thing regularly and attentively read these -of sound and fury; and it is for the purHoly Scriptures ; and am of opinion that pose of even such avoiding her in future, this volume, independently of its divine that she is at all introduced here. In origin, contains more true sublimity, vain does she make the parade of her more exquisite beauty, more pure mo- studying Locke, when the common rules rality, more important history, and finer of plain sense, and public decency (which strains both of poetry and eloquence, is outraged when a woman like a writer than can be collected from all other of frothy novels has thus ventured out of books, in whatever language they may her depih), should have been her polar have been composed.

star. It is utterly impossible that even « «The two parts of which the Scrip- any young woman or young man, with tures consist are connected by a chain the least reflection or understanding, of compositions wbich bear no resem- could allow her books as fit to be read : blance, in form and style, to any that the fact is, however, they sell!-and 'can be procured from the stores of Gre- that alone unfortunately seems to be cian, Persian, or even Arabian learning. her aim.” The antiquity of those compositions no “ I would particularly recommend the man doubts; and the unstrained appli- perusal of the series of Letters which

Dr.

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1819.]
Review of New Publications.

57 Dr. Watson, the late Bishop of Llandaff, Scriplural form of Baptism, in the addressed to Mr. Gibbon, to young men pame of the Father, the Son, and of fashion and of abilities (perhaps to the Holy Ghost (where, if there were Lord B****) originally good, but ob

no distinction, the baptism into the scured by libertine life and conversa

Dame of God alone would be suffi. tion: it will be peculiarly serviceable, cient) has the Orthodox Creed been as well as to those that are led astray by

formed. We deny that Jesus Christ some modern pretended discoveries in natural pbilosophy, now a favourite

must necessarily be Man, because the mode of introducing and enforcing Scep- property of Deity is one and inditism and Infidelity."

visible. Ubiquily and Universality

cannot lose by communication, be9. The present state of Religious Par

cause every derivation must be a comties in England : represented and im

ponent part of it; and therefore we proved in a Discourse delivered in Es. cannot conceive any physical absursex street Chapel, May 17, and re. dity (for that is the sole ground upon printed October 18, 1818; also in which Anti-Trinitarians argue) in the Renshaw-street Chapel, Liverpool, proposition, that the Divine power, in September 20. By Thomas Belsham. its fulness should animate a human 8vo. pp. 42. Hunter, &c.

being, and so exhibit itself, when noWE conceive that objections to thing can limit such an exhibition the Trinity are founded, among the but the properties of the material honourable and conscientious, purely organ to which it is pro tempore so upon misappreheosions of the Essence limited. Upon the vis insita of Deity of Deity: God is power, or principle, is founded the immortality of the prevailing universally, or, in other soul; and God the Son became man, words, universal agency.

Thus a without any loss of Divine power, tree is not God, but the power by for the Scripture presumes his action which it vegetales is Deity. If peo. in the upiverse to have continued the ple chuse to confound the property same, notwithstanding his human perof vegetation with the tree, a mani- sonal appearance. As Man, and Man fest absurdity ensues ; for then the only, he voluntarily suffered. The maCreator and the created thing become terial organ in which Christ appeared the same in essence. Because corpo.

is the sole ground for this objection : really three cannot be one, nor one and the opposition of the Unitarian three, men, apparently incapable of amounts simply to this, that they oh. abstract conceptions, object to a doc- ject to the Deity being tri-corporated, trise which is founded upon entirely which implies locality: but we say no distinct principles. It is impossible such thing. We only say, that Christ that the Divine Essence can lose any was God as well as Map. We sincerely thing by communication, least of all regret that we can say no more than its attribute of Ubiquity - its Uni- that Mr. Belsham writes like a genversal power or agency ; and Jesus tleman and a man of talents. Our Christ became embodied for no other difference with him is upon quesiions purpose but lo exhibit divine power of principle: but his book is written in corporeal action. The Trinitarians only for persons of his own persuaare charged, however, with making sion. We regret to see base niotives the Deity three human persons, and ascribed to men who, we know, would yet only one. Nothing of the kind be martyrs for their faith, if circumis either stated, or even inferred. God stances required it. We reject with the Father is said to will, God the indignation the unjustifiable asperSon to execute, and God the Holy sions of the Bishop of St. David's, a Ghost to contrive; and yet they are truly apostolical Prelate, and of the not three Gods, but one God. Now whole body of Clergy of all persuawith Ubiquity and Universality it sions. We

le peremptorily affirm, that cannot be otherwise, for such pro- any attempi to unite Deism with perties are incapable of division or Scripture, under the New Testament, locality. The Unitarians say, that it is insane, and quite unnecessary, beis impossible for God the Father to cause the Trinity implies no physical be other than the only supreme absurdity, if the nature of Deity be God; and therefore Jesus Christ must estimated, as it ought to be, exclusive be man. Upon the authority of the of matter. GENT. MAG. July, 1819.

10. Elements

pp. 294.

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10. Elements of Chemical Science ap- there is another duty absolutely in

plied to the Arts and Manufactures, cumbent on the integrity of criticism, and Natural Phenomena. By J. that of pointing out errors. We Murray. Second Edition, with Addi.

think Mr. M. will see the propriety, tions. T. and G. Underwood, 1818, in a future edition, of considering the

alterations that appear to us approELEMENTARY systems of Che. priate. mistry, sufficiently simple, are not very Mr. M.'s objections, p. 41, rare, and if something is not new in if light had the affections of a fluid,” the execution or design, it appears to agitation would concentric us to be adding to what is already su- waves, as in grosser fluids, seems an perfluous. We have not been disap. inference from an analogy without pointed as to the requisite of poveliy vruie semblance : air which is nearer to in this Work ; and upon the method water in the scale of tenuity does not altogether it is hardly necessary to exhibit such phenomena. We know repeat the approvals which it has re- very well that radiant caloric (p. 47), ceived from other very able perio- is scarcelyto be disunited from light, but dical works. We should like to have “the calorific properties of light” entered on some of the doctrines here be unequivocally asserted ? There taken up, especially on light; but are many experiments which seem to we can only partially notice what is show that pure light is wholly indemore esseotial. Mr. Murray's com- pendent of caloric. After the posipendious account of Chemical Elec. tion “ that water is permeable to tricity would have been the most fa. heat upwards, but not downwards," vourable for selection, and cannot be we see no reference to the important too much estimated. The Work is and reverse experiments of Dr. Muraltogether the very best classification

ray, Edinburgh. P. 57, “ caloric is we have ; and, to show the import capable of being reflected like light; auce and propriety of his arrange- this is called radiation." It is well ment by electric and non-electric af. known that bodies which reflect do fioities, we need only quote one ex. not radiate, and the converse. From periment, promulgated by Sir Hum. the principle of evaporation we feel phry Davy in the Philosophical colder on the sea-coast,” is a false Transactions, 1807, in which, by al- datuin. The phænomena of frigorific tering these affinities, he passed an mixtures are mentioned in the same alkali ubacted on through an acid. page, without the theory; we men

Mr. Murray has scattered the flowers tion this merely to signify that the of literature among the thorns of requisition of principles as we advance science in a-style, florid, but not in scientific knowledge is of the first glaring. It is very condensed, and importance. “ Heat may be applied the notes are interesting; and though to water in much abundance, but it not precisely plain enough for young will not thereby acquire an additional ladies and gentlemen, there are other degree of temperature :".. we presume more important personages, e. g. that it is meant “ to boiling water." gentlemen in the country, koowing There is a want of logical purity in something, very little, of Agricultural the definitions of chemical science Chemistry, who will find this very in- (we do not mean Mr. Murray's, for forming, and, if they wish to extend he has used them by precedent); thus the pursuit farther, a suitable intro- caloric is termed matter of heat, both duction to a larger, as Dr. Murray's implying the principle and medium excellent system. With the former in which it is embraced: “physical individuals we understand the science affections” should not be applied, exis on the wane, because one party cept in relation to animate matter. found considerable vexation in expe• riments, and female mouths were *** We wish to correct an inadver. found to experience pretty nearly the tency in our Review of Mr. Wbateley dilatation of what the Irish call an on Opthalmia, p. 554. “ Over" should open countenance (viz. a wide mouth), have been inserted for “ in the tempoby the utterance of those centipedes ral muscle ;' it will be necessary, for of language, chemical words.

farther precision, to state that the Seton We regret to say, that, as well as should be placed a full inch from the noticing the merits of a publication,

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