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1819.]
Review of New Publications.

525 nated with a frigitive brightness their cal- It is the great festival of the dead, ces and stamina, and seemed, like a which nothing can duly celebrate, shower of stars, dropping on the earth to but the cries of the wilderness;" the charm the night.” p. 61.

Author adds," and the waves of the The following is the account of Tiber;" “ the dead holding a festithe dwellings of the peasantry on the val" is a sublime idea, worthy the road.through Pistoria and Lucca, as wonderful imagination of Lord By. far as Pisa.

But speaking à lu Blair, the “The road was bordered on each side subsequent images are a sad deteriowith village houses, not more than a hun- ration-ragged boys, instead of footdred paces from each other.” p. 73. men, behind the coach of a Lord.

“ We have heard acute observers re- In p. 139, we hear of “ bronze. mark, that civilization cannot be effected coloured horses,” which resembled among the peasantry, where they reside those of Xerxes, and served as models in scattered habitations among each other,

to the artists who studied at Rome. not in streets; such a position is of course

The following admirable remarks limited to numerous exceptions; but re

will explain the nature of pastoral flecting people will see, that it does not want a considerable degree of force and

poetry, and show the high philosobearing.—These village houses are built phical character of this excellent of brick, and in a justness of proportion book. and with an elegance of form, unknown “ I never recognized impressions proin our country (Switzerland]. They con- duced by rural scenery, except in shepsist of only one siory, which has often but herds, who have the care of wandering a single door and two windows in the front. flocks. This class of men lead a quiet They are placed at a little distance from and contemplative life, in which all the the road, and separated from it by a operations of nature acquire an import. wall and a terrace of some feet in ex- ance. They have time to observe them, tent. On the wall are commonly placed and it is necessary to foresee them, that many vases of antique forms, in which they may guard against them. They live flowers, aloes, and young orange trees, almost alone, surrounded with natural obare growing. The house itself is com- jects, from which they acquire a language pletely covered with vines, so that during and emotions which they could not have The summer it is difficult to determine, derived from society. Thus we almost whether they are green pavilions or houses. always find, under the rude exterior of for the winter."

ignorant shepherds, an intelligence and The method of irrigation, described

a sort of indifference to the things of this in p.80, is conducted upon principles much impressed me.” p. 217.

life, the originality of which has always indicative of the usual depth of Italian ingenuity, i.e. exquisite con

Thus sailors by habituation to one trivance and minute finish.

element are of very distinctive and “Mares are turned out with a stallion, peculiar character. like cows with a bull. These tribes never

In p. 248, we find from the excavamix together, if they did, it would produce tions, that the implements of husbaninortal combats among the stallions.- dry, now used in Italy, are similar Each tribe has its quarter of pasture, to those of the antients. which they divide among themselves, Among the Milanese, “ by an in. without the interference of the shepherds. explicable singularity of nature, the This division, strictly observed, is so justly cows of the third generation lose their shared, that each tribe finds an equal quality of good milkers, iu the midst proportion of food, in the respective spaces

of most nourishing food.” p. 276. assigned them.” p. 89.

This inattention to the breed of catThis curious fact implies both a parliamentary and legislative charac- Italian husbandry.

tle, seems to be the grand defect of ter in instinct.

In p. 282, we have an interesting From the pestilential climate, account of the culture of rice. Rome, it seems, is rapidly advancing To show the enormous superiority

a state of utter depopulation. ' of the land of the Romans, we shall “ The grand scene of destruction give the following extract: which is daily exhibited within its

“ The sun admits of the grapes ripenwalls, is grander than human lan. ing on the trees, and without injury to the guage can express ; more melancholy crops. Trees grow on the borders of the ihan human melancholy, and more fields, which are covered with viņes, from solemo than all human solemnities. which are produced the wine which is

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drunk by the labourers; the wood with should nerer be abject. It is PROVED that which they warm themselves, and the va- our soul is of importance in the judgmeut luable leaf, which produces them. They of God: we should not, therefore, slight have no occasion therefore, in Italy, either ourselves, or think what he purchased (and for forests or vineyards."

so purchased) a thing too despicable to be “ Only a fifth of the surface of all Italy savev! can be considered as sterile, a proportion

" We should hate the enemies who torseldom occurring in an extensive country, mented such purity and virtue; the wretch and almost the reverse of France, whose who betrayed him ; his wicked accusers ; the geoponique map marks as feriile only a rabble that insulled him; the hands that fifth of its whole extent.”

smote him ; the hearts that were bitter If we estimate the value of books, against him--but, alas! they are all of

them nearer home than we imagine! by the quantity of information which

He was delivered for our offences,' they contain, we must also admit a

and these men were only the instruments ; frequent excellence in French scien

we betrayed him. tific literature. They compress Iliads He was made Sin for us; we accused in nutshells without destroying the him, and the malevolent priest was our practical utility of such works. They advocate. exhibit elephants of the size of mites, We condemed him: Pilate gave the wbich require no microscope to dis

reluctant word, but the sentence was in tinguish their various members. our hearts.

“ We jo dicted the punishment upon 95. Mr. George Hardinge's Miscellaneous

him; and the Roman executioners repre

sented us. Works. [Concluded from p. 428.]

We derided him : the silly populace The Works of Mr. Hardinge con- were the actors, but the parts were ours. tained in vol. I. consist of “ Charges " We exclaimed - Crucify him, crucify delivered in the Courts of General kim !' pierced his Aesh, and rent his body: Session at Cardiffe, Presteigne, and -against whom should be our hatred? Brecon." Having adverted to some against ourselves. of these in our review of the “ Illus- " But let us, to hatred of sins like these, trations of Literary History,” vol. 111.

be sure to add a religious (110t a super

stitious) fear of the impartial judgment we shall only add, in this place, that

that is to come! How shall we escape, they are admirable for clearness and

neglecting such a Saviour as this !' deperspicuity. Mr. Hardinge's style feating his charity, and thus treading under and manner are his own, and differ foot the Son of God!" froin what we are accustomed to hear

Of these Sermons in general, we from the Bench. They assume a shape of more familiarity; they are

may add that they afford pleasing easily understood, and we doubt not, tion on the sacred subject of revealed

proofs of time well spent in ineditawere adapted to those to whom they were addressed. Even his digressions

religion. into the character of persons and

We have already noticed the “ Dethings of political consequence may

fence of Sir Thomas Rumbold," of

the “ East India Company :” the have had their effect.

" Letters to Mr. Burke, which are Eighteen Sermons, by a Layman.” followed by a controversy with MaThese Sermons hold a middle raok

jor Scott. between practical aod doctrinal. The

Vol. II. consists of what may be leaning is certainly towards the former, but that the author is not de- comprising according to our editor's

termed Mr. Hardinge's poetical Works, ficient in the latter may appear

from the following short extract: the text, of Publick Respect or Personal Re.

division, Sonnets, Local Poems, Poems 1 Cor. i. 18.

gard, Poems on Religious and Moral “ Is it not madness (after this) to be subjects, Elegiac Poems, Filial Piety, conceited of any worth in ourselves ? to

The Russian Chiefs, Tales and Fables, confide in works of our own, or glory in

Ballads, Theatrical Poems, Epigrams, our brightest attainments ? What honour

Imitations of Horace, and from the shall we arrogate, when, to bear our infamy, the Lord of Glory became a servant,

Italian, Persian, and French, and Miswas exposed every day to contumelies,

cellaneous Poems. Elegance and ueat. and suffered (as the vilest criminal) a ness are the general characteristics of death of shame, as well as agony!

Mr. Hardinge's Poetry. Except in “ But, though we should be humble in one or two instances he seldom apsuch views of his cross and passion, we pears to have undertaken more than

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1819.)

Review of New Publications. could be dispatched at one sitting ; lessened that writer's character in the but his imagination was ever lively, general opinion. Mr. Hardinge has and bis inspirations frequent. We particularly renounced bis former ad. know not indeed where a finer col- miration of him, in his “ Expostulection of Vers de Société is to be Jatory Remarks on Letters by Mafound ; and the Reader must be fas- dame du Deffand to the late Earl of tidious indeed, who does not share in Orford, in a series of Letters to the the pleasure which these verses once Editor.” This we account the most imparted to Mr. Hardioge's circle of valuable, and we rejoice that it is friends. When we sat down to the the longest article in this volume. perusal of this volume, we had mark. It does honour both to the head and ed out several sonnets, &c. for ex- heart of Mr. Hardinge. At the pretracts, but the number increased so sent time, a perusal of it cannot be fast that we found it impossible to unuseful; for seldom have the insi. keep within reasonable bounds. One dious altacks of Deists been more short piece, however, seems to claim iogeniously and accutely opposed. a place. A serious truth conveyed Several miscellaneous articles of with more delicacy, we have seldomu minor inportance, but very entermet with:

taiping, and part of Mr. Hardinge's " IMPROMPTU,—on a View of the Obelisk correspondence on the topics of the

and of its Figures, at one of the gates to day in newspapers, or with bis prithe Garden at Chiswick House.

vate friends, conclude this selection “ This breathing charın of Sculpture's of his works ; from which, in our opis grace

nion, no Reader can part without conNo ravages of Time deface,

siderable adiniration of the Author's When Beauty, that all hearts could love, various talents. It is only to be reNo more its radiant eye can move ; gretted that he seldom gave these Cold in the picture and the bust,

talents fair play, seldom let them Its life and inodel, in the dust.

settle upon any subject. Memory, " How dreadful is the tale that here judgment, and imagination were conChills, with its hovering spectre's fear! tinually in requisition, but rarely emNo brighter Poet ever sung:

ployed on what was permanent or The bee's upon her accent hung;

highly important. With all this verHer native bloom surpass'd the rose; satility, it is wonderful that Mr. Her smile could strings of pearls disclose; Hardinge wrote so much and so well ; Grace in her step the form improv'd,

he never touches, even transiently, Made Envy muie, and Splendour lov'd. Short was the lovely pageant's day,

on a subject, without throwing some And feet as light it pass'd away.

new light upon it, and where he

dwelis longest he never tires his •6• But was the Saint for death prepard? Reader, for his vivacity runs in a Had Pleasure Wisdom's moment spar'd, most pleasing streain. Mr. Nichols Were jeweis in the casket laid,

says that he left behind him the cha. Which neither time nor thieves invade?'

racter of possessing rather than of “Muse ! if such questions thou shouldst profiling by great talents. This is hear,

true, and really in Mr. Hardinge's No answer make-but with a lear !"

case, it is pot easily to be excused : Vol. III. consists of crilical Essays, for Mr. Hardinge might have profited, more or less finished, on Shakspeare, if he would : his studies were not Terence, Cowley, Waller, and various impeded by the res angusta domi, Authors.--Cursory remarks on Clas- which obliges inany an ingenious man sical Educalion-Vindication of Lady to fritler away his talents un tempoMary Wortley Montague from the rary subjects. Mr. Hardinge had great censures of Mr. Walpole, rather se- abilities and he had great friends. vere as far as Mr. Walpole, is con- These volunes afford proof of both, cerned, but not, in our opinion, less and entitle bim to very honourable decisive than ingenious, in the case

notice in fulure literary history. of Lady Mary. This seems to have been written in consequence of the

96. The Annual Biography and Obitupublication of Lord Orford's collected tuary for 1318.

Vol. Ill. pp. 512. works, arranged and selected by him. Longman and Co. self for the press, and which, when THE success of the two preceding compared with other documents, have volumes of this work seems to have

stimulated

stimulated the iddustry of its con- because their origioals are fresh in ductors, as they must have used ex- recollection; many of thein exhibit traordinary exertion to complete the examples of an old age of wealth and present portion of their undertaking. honours, attained after half a cenIt was indeed to be expected that when tury of toilsome exertion ; and the the design of the work should be duly few which have a tragic termination, known and appreciated, new sources while they afford an impressive moof information would be opened to ral in themselves, throw into bright them ; a larger and more varied sup- relief the livelier parts of the miscelply of biographical materials would lady. be communicated; and thus they As a fair specimen of these memoirs would be enabled satifactorily to com.. we may select a passage or two from plete their yearly labours with the the life of one of the most perseverpunctuality essential to a periodical ing and successful Stalesmen tbat publication. By a faithful discharge have appeared in the present reign, of their duty as biographers, a duty a personage designated, we believe, on some occasions equally delicate as well by his familiar friends as by and difficult, they have ensured res- his political opponents, by the plain spect and invited confidence; and by appellation of "Old GEORGE Rose*.” a humane and tender regard to the The following is the account given memory of departed worth they have of his early career. established a just claim to one of " How, when, in what manner, and the first requisites in private history, in what capacity the future Treasurer of the testimony of surviving relations the Navy entered into his Majesty's serand friends. This charitable justice vice on board the fleet, is not at present to the dead, tends to confirm the ex. distinctly known. Certain it is, that be pectations of the living; and in refer- was still very young; but it is not at all ence to the manly and generous spirit probable, as has been asserted by some, in which these obituary records are

that it was in the bumble station of steward.

It is most likely, indeed, that, as is tbe delivered, those eminent persons who are now verging towards the close of board the first ship ia which he embarked,

case at the present day, he was received on their mortal career, may adopt the

under the appellation of captain's clerk. language of Queen Katherine to her This obviously and necessarily leads to gentleman-usher:

the thigher department of purser; and as “ After my death, I wish no other herald, the subject of this memoir was always a No other speaker of my living actions man of equal punctuality and dispatch, To keep mine honour from corruption,

we doubt not when once he attained this But such an honest chronicler......" step, then the object of his highest ambi

The present volume, consisting of tion, that he performed all its duties with memoirs of celebrated persons who becoming propriety. While in this latter

station, he rendered himself known to tbe have died in 1817-1818, exhibits an

old Earl of Sandwich, who then presided appalling bill of mortality. Within

at the Admiralty Board, and in his owa that period the unsparing hand of person, united the two singular and disdeath has laid low a multitude of cordant qualities, of an aptitude for bu. victims in every class of society, from siness with an unaccountable passion for the throue to the cottage :-states- pleasure and dissipation. This uobleman men, warriors, divines, judges, jurists, was his first official patron, and had he politicians, aod men of letters ; in- but continued under bis immediate protecdividuals who have acquired distinc. tion, there is no doubt but he would in due tion by their actions, their writings, time have obtained some respectable enor even their eccentricities, severally ployment at one of the public Boards ap

pertaining to this department. occupy a niche in this literary maus

“ He himself appears, however, to bare soleum. To survey such an assem, thought otherwise, for we soon after find błage excites at first a solemn and him occupying a situation + at Whiteball, mournful feeling; yet strange as it may seem, this annual volume yields

* Of this distioguished Statesman we a more varied fund of amusement

have before spoken fully io vol. LXXXII. ihan inost of the periodical produc. i. 246; and in vol. LXXXVIII. I. 82. 11. tions of the day. Each memoir is a 93. little novel full of incident and vicis. + His first land appointment is said to situde, or exhibiting traits of cha. have been deputy-chamberlain of the tally racter which are the more striking court of Exchequer.

most

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Review of New Publications. most probably through the influence of different political sentiments from those Lord Marchmont. Here his habits of at first professed by this young, able, and regularity proved highly serviceable; and ambitious Minister, yet they soon perhe was no sooner appointed to the super- ceived, that his talents and his eloquence, intendance of the public records, than he superadded to the name and exploits of undertook the arduous task of selecting, his father, were calculated to produce no arranging, and placing them in due order. small degree of effect in the councils, as The new keeper accordingly commenced,' well as fortunes of the nation which had and persevered in his Herculean labours, given him. birth. They accordingly har. until at length, he had bundled, ticketed, pessed themselves to his triumphant car, and placed in alphabetical arrangement, and willingly sang Io Pæans before it. The all and every document appertaining to consequences are well known. They were his department. Formerly a search was both aılmitted into the cabinet ; both obfound difficult, if not impossible, amidst tained high and lucrative offices, while an undigested mass of public papers, laid one of them actually was ennobled, and carelessly on shelves, or loosely and neg- the other doubtless might have exhibited ligently scattered in the apartments. But his coronet also, had it been an object of when he bad once finished his operations, his ambition ! the Treasury, or any other Board, was no “ The rise of Mr. Rose was now equally longer at a loss ; for, on the title of any rapid and secure. On the disgrace of the document being transmitted, the original Coalition administration, he had readily was immediately produced, without hesi- obtained a seat in parliament; while his tation and without delay. Such a sudden appointment to the important office of change occasioned favourable impressions, joint secretary to the treasury in 1784, and at length recommended Mr. Rose to rendered him acquainted with all the afthe notice of Lord North, then Premier, fairs of the state; in short, with all the who, during the course of the American Arcana Imperi. war, was frequently obliged to recur to a “ Great and increasing wealth, the provariety of obsolete dispatches, sometimes duce of commendable economy and unat the instigatiou of his political adver- ceasing application, at length rendered an saries, and not unfrequently for his own investment in land a desirable acquisition. justification.

He had by this time married a lady, con“ Nor did Mr. Rose's exertions remain nected with Dominica, by whom he had loog uvrewarded. In 1767, a new field several children; and as Mrs. Rose's sisopened for the display of his unwearied ters lived at Southampton, perhaps a reand indefatigable industry. He was at sidence in the vicinity of that town was that period appointed to superintend a originally selected; but be this as it

inay, work of no common maguitude, the com- the house and estate of Cuffnells in the pletion of the Journals of the House of same county, finely situate in the bosoni. Lords, in thirty-one folio volumes ! A of the New Forest, and in the immediate task which would have appalled other men, neighbourhood of that element on which ouly furnished new wings to his activity; he had passed his earlier days, were now and it must be allowed, that this immense, purchased. This proved a most fortulabourious, and expensive operation was nate speculation, as it led to a permanent conducted in such a manner, as to re- and indissoluble connexion with the boflect credit on that court of Parliament, rough of Christchurch, while his son, when which by its votes first enjoined, and af. grown up, aspired to and obtained a moterwards liberally paid for its accomplish- iety of the representation for Southampment.

ton. From this period, Mr. Rose was con- “ Mr. Rose now turned his thoughts to stantly employed by nearly all succeed- the melioration of the finances. His early ing ministers, with an exception of Mr. kuowledge of a sea-faring life, his occaFox, and at length rose so high in the sional residence on the shores of the Bri. favour of his Sovereign, after becoming a tish Channel, and above all his habits, and senator, as to have obtained the invidious his researches, had rendered him familiar appellation of one of the King's friends.? with the severe but very inadequate fiscal

" It ought not to be here forgotten, that regulations then in force. Accordingly it when the Earl of Shelburne, at the con- was he who first conceived the idea of clusion of the American War, became Pre- putting down smuggling, and improving mier, he found Mr. Rose a very useful the income of the state by decreasing the assistant in a subordinate capacity. Soon amount of duties exacted at the customafter his retreat, the administration of house. which Mr. Pitt was the head, no longer By means of this and other financial considered him as a clerk, but as a co- measures, in all of which Mr. Rose paradjutor. Although both he and his coun- ticipated and assisted, the revenue was tryman Mr. Dundas were doubtless of increased; while trade, which had been GENT. MAG. December, 1819.

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