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is justified by the result of his per- Mr. URBAN,
“ The fever there,” says Mr. Derby, is supposed by Dr. Pegge; Diomore, “barst out in the lower to have originated in a Roman staparts of the town, near the marshes, tion on the road from Derby to York. and the diseased parts thereof might It is noticed in Domesday Book as a have been surrounded by a lioe. It bailiwick only belonging to Newbold, was not contagious, for in that case DOW a small hamlet al & short disthe effect must have been general. tance from it on the North. After It only affected those who lived in, or this period it rapidly increased. A occasionally visited that part of the Church, erected here towards the contowo which it afflicted. 'i'he air con- clusion of the 11th century, was given tained an increased quantity of azote, by William Rofus to the Cathedral which was proved by the following of Lincoln. In the reigo of John, fact. The store of the British Con- the manor was gran\ed to William sul at Alexandria being in the dis. de Briwere, or Bruere, his particular eased part of the lown, was nol open favourite, through whose influence during the continuance of the fever, with ihe Monarch the town was in. and contained several casks of lime. corporated, and an anoval fair, of When the town was restored to health, eight days continuance, and two and the store opened, the casks were weekly markets obtained. From the found burst bý the swelling of the De Brueres it passed in marriage to lime, which had absorbed so much the family of Wake, and afterwards azote as evidently to possess the taste to Edward Planlagenet, Earl of Kent, of salt petre."
(who married a female of that name, The question which I would beg, whose descendants continued possesleave to suggest is, whether such sors for several generalions. In 26 statement of Mr. Dinmore be corro- Edward III. it was held by Joho, seborated by the observation of others; cond son of Edmund of Woodstock ; and if there be any thing in that gen- and in 1386, by Sir Thomas Holland, tleman's reasoning upon it, which is from whom it passed to the Nevilles. opposed by the commonly-received in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, it notions respecting the origin of putrid belonged to George Earl of Shrews: diseases ? For my own part, the evi- bury; and afterwards became the prodence of Sir Robert Wilson before perly of the Cavendishes by purchase, the Committee of the House of Com- from whom it descended to the premons alone, even if it had not had the seot Duke of Portland ; but has since able support of other testimony of passed, in exchange, to the Duke of undoubled credit and impartiality, Devonshire. The Staphopes, Earls would have been sufficient to con. of Chesterfield, derive their title from vince me, that prejudice and want of this town. a clear, candid, philosophical view of A battle was fought here in 1266 the subject, could only have led to between Henry, nephew of King any other conclusion than that which Henry lll. and Robert de Ferrers, is fairly deducible from his able and the last Earl of Derby, who was deacute description of the progress and feated, and was taken prisoner in the effects of the Plague ; and could alone Church, where he had concealed him. bave occasioned the persisting in the self. During the Civil Wars another old unfounded notion of contact be battle was fought here, in which the ing the source of a disease, which evie troops of the Parliament were dedently arises independent of contacts seated by the Earl of Newcastle. and as certainly disappears under cer. The Church is a spacious and handtain changes, and in certain states of some building'; but more particularly the atmosphere, notwithstanding the remarkable for the appearance of its closest coinmunication with the sick spire, which rises to the height of 250 and diseased, and under circum- feet; and is so singularly twisted and stances the most favourable for the distorted, that it seems to lean jo whals continuance and spread of the disease ever direction it may be approached. thereby. I shall be glad, however, I send a drawing of it, (see Plate 11.) to be corrected by any of your learn- taken in a different point of view from ed Correspondents.fi G. COMBE. one already inserted in your vol.LXIII. Gent. Mag. December, 1819.
p. 977, by Mr. Malcolm ; in which portion of time, which once existed page, and in vol. LXIV. p. 17, will in the views and apprehensions of be found several particulars relative men, approximating the nearest to to the Church, and the Monuments their own, --when the eyes of postewithin it.
rity shall, divested of all ephemeThe best account of the Grammar ral influence, upon the mere strength School in this Town will be found in of reason alone, judge, discriminate, Mr. Carlisle's “ Endowed Schools,” compare, and combine,--then will vol. I.
History, under the hands of a writer In the Market.place is a neat Town- competent to view with comprehenhall, built a few years ago, under the sive eye its various parts, and draw direction of Mr. Carr, of York; on the proper corollaries,the ground floor is a gaol for debt- higher philosophical importance. So ors, and a residence for debtors ; and it is in Poetry, when all the pelty on the second floor, a large room for jealousies, antipathies, and consideraholding the Sessions, &c. Several tions of personal attachment and of almg-houses have been endowed in party motives shall have died away, different parts of the town.
and the occasions be forgotten,--then, The present Corporation consists and then only, perhaps, will the meof a Mayor, six Aldermen, six Breth- rits of many be determined who are ren, and twelve capital Burgesses ; as, to occupy a place in the bright hesisted by a Town Clerk.
misphere of our native genius. Many At the Castle-inn, an elegant As- things which have, in a present æra, sembly-room was built a few years excited high enthusiasm, and often ago.
unqualified praises, may, it is possiThe Town contained in 1801, 920 ble, in a future, be thought, by a houses, and 4267 inhabitants. The rigid and discriinioating posterity, to chief employments for the labouring merit only a cold neglect,--and the classes are, the iron - works in the flattering testimonials be imputed to neighbourhood ; the stocking manu- little more than a fortunate concurfacture; the potteries ; a carpet ma. rence of adventitious circumstances, nufactory, and the making of shoes* not altogether dictated by the genuine Yours, &c.
N. R. S. warmth of heartfelt sentiments, or
the pure emanations of a judgment REMARKS PÅILOSOPHICAL AND
sound by nature, and enlarged by haLITERARY.
bits of reading and reflection."
Such, may we suppose to be the (Conlinued from p. 400.)
style in which the opinion of certain cs
HE feelings or the convictions Critics would probably flow, of the tics may induce them to reply in the themselves, must be admitted to negative, but it may on the other judge. hand be fairly assumed, that a con- Poetry, as it now exists in our istemporary age, however distinguished land, presents perhaps a more diverby talent or discerament, affords not sified aspect than at any former pea criterion for judging of the future riod. The wide licence which the fame of a living Poet. It may be genius and mixed character of our assumed to be pretty much the same language affords, has ever served to in the department of Poetry as in that legalize combinations the most dissiof History ;-and here, when the ge- unilar, sometimes the most iobarmo: neration who were themselves the vious, which variety and discordactors or the spectators in the great ance certainly prevails in the present drama of political, moral, and social day to un unlimited extent. Jife which is transacting before the Amidst however the wide misceleyes of mankind shall have passed Jany whicb, dedicated to the Muses, away, and given place to a new race weekly, monthly, and annually has, of successors, wbo shall look back during the 19th century, issued from upon the past age only as upon that the Press, the general predilections
in favour of rhimes, whatever be the • The above particulars, are chiefly subjects or the nature of the verre, abridged from vol. III. of the “ Beauties seems pretty conspicuous. The apof England and Wales."
probation, likewise, which they have
obtained among all classes of read- English Poets, and elsewhere, must ers, as being more peculiarly adapted be no stranger to bis opinions in this to the beauty and idiom of the En- respect. Whenever the subjects of glish language, may be inferred from his Poetical disquisitions affords him ihe decided success and patronage opportunity for displaying it, this which have attended productions in preference or this prejudice is plainly „whicb they have been employed ;-as, discernible, so much so indeed that on the other hand, from the flat and from the nature of some of his relanguid complexion which has been marks we are almost inclined to think shed over the compositions of some that he does not willingly award the authors, who have adopted this mea- palm of beauty or of merit to those sure, Blank verse has exbibited an performances which do yot chime in aspect of inferiority which is not its the regular couplet. Inheriting a genuine characteristic. The frequent fondness for the smoothness, harmoand indiscriminate adoption of rhimes, nious cadence and modulation, and however, may be thought not on the alternate pauses of rhimed measure, whole auspicious to the vigour, dig. his ear could not endure the irregunity, aud elevation of the aspirings lar and abrupt pause, and the wide of genius, in a future age. It may
and unbounded licence, which the obviously be thought, to perpetuate, floring nature of blank verse affords among others, a wish too blindly to to the excursions of fancy, or the exemulate the style of models which pression of passion. has been perceived to raise its vota. If Johnson, an authority of such ries to distinguished reputation and weight, dignity, and authority, as to favour, and from the unprecedented command attention and respect, if it avidity which productions of a cer- does not insure conviction upon the tain school have been sought after, strength of his arguments, seems such emulation is not likely, in its almost to consider the essentials of operation, to be confined to a narrow Poetry to be involved in its metre; sphere.
the classical taste of another authoDiversified opinions, however, upon rity declares himself of opinions widethe merits and propriety of rhimes, ly opposite, and not only recommends as a vehicle in Poetry of imparting blank verse in Epic and Tragic Poepleasure, have always existed among try, but sanctions its use in all comspeculative Critics, --certain writers positions of any dignity: He, on the have taught that rhimed verse is the other hand, considers rhime as only True and genuine form of metrical adapted to the subordinate offices of composition, as opposed to those who metrical composition, bad it not been talk of the expediency or eligibility immortalized in the works of Dryden of blank verse. Authorities may be and Pope. His sentiments on these adduced on either side, but whilst points inay be comprehensively dewe find some wbo have investigated duced from the following remarks. these topics of the true source of aie. “ The strongest deinonstration,” trical harmony and beauty, -oppos- says Dr. Young, in his very judicious ing others advocating the cause of • Conjectures on Original Composirbimes,—we may suppose most of tion,' “ of Dryden's false taste for the them to be actuated, each by a se- buskio are his tragedies fringed with cret bias or predilection in favour of rbime, which in Epic Poetry is a sore the one or the other, more than from disease, in Tragic is an absolute death. any conviction of their abstract clainis To Dryden's enormity Pope's was a of superiority. One or two of these light offence. As lacemen are foes authorities may be not improperly to mourning, these two authors, rich noticed, as they serve to show that in rhime, were no great friends to such influences may be supposed to those solemn ornaments which the guide those who are respectively in noble nature required. Must rhime, The habit of giving their attention, then," he continues, " be banished ? or have attained any decided excel. I wish the nature of our anguage lence to the one or the other.
would bear its entire expulsion,
--but Johnson's predilections in favour our lesser Poetry stands in need of a of rbime were uniform and strong. toleration for it,-it raises that, but Whoever has attentively studied his sinks the greater, as spangles adorn various Criticisms in his Lives of the children, but expose men's
That Dryden and Pope felt pecu. pear lingering and languid in pertiar partialities for rhime, is best plexity and sorrow, is capable of e vinced by their constantly employ. varying its accents and adapting its ing it in their most elevated per- language to the sentiments it should formances, although indeed their convey, and the passion it would ex. opinious were somewhat different. cite in all the charms of musical Pope would, it is to be presuined, expression. The charms,” observes have thought rhime transcendaully Mrs. Montague, “ arising from Eng. excellent for every species of Poetry, lish blank verse canuot be felt by when he replied to Vollaire, who a foreigner who vever perfectly aclooked with a sort of contempt un quires the pronuuciation of our lanall other measure, that Milton did guage, and is but rarely acquainted not write his Paradise Lost'in rhiine with its idiom and force of expresbecause he could not. Drydeo, how. sion." ever, has acknowledged, that " what If, however, in Tragic the use of rhime adds to sweetness it takes rhines appears unnatural and imaway from seose.” The sentiments proper, tbeir legitimacy in Epic Poeof La Fontaine, equally with those iry may get be advocated by soine, of Voltaire, and likewise of the most who may plead that their subject or eminent of the French Puets, were in epopee being the recital of great and
of rbime, which indeed is not dignified actious, not varied or broken much a source of wonder, as the ge- bs thuse sudden changes in sentiment nius and structure of their language, and passion which mark the conduct wbich rendered chimes almost essen. of the dialogue, or the developement tial to their metrical composition, of the plot in the former, only reseemed to theni to involve the saine quires that the style of narration be necessity in all others. An eminent uniforinly elevated, and pot debased writer and critic, however, of their by the pelty ornaments of composiowo soil, Feneloo, has expressed him- tion. of the possibility of rhimes self of a different opinion, and there being made, wiih very high success
, is, doubtless, much truth in what he subservient to the deliveation of great says. “ La rime," says he, io bis actives and the utterapce of sublime correspondence with M. De lá Motte, thoughts, our literature has already * gêne plus qu'elle u’orne les vers. afforded one or more splendid ex. Elle les charge d'epitheles ; elle rend amples,- for instance, the Iliad of sua vent la diciiou forcé et pleine d'une Pope, to which we may add the Lovaine parure. En allongeant les dis. ciad of Mickles but in general it is cours elle les affviblit. Souvent on out so, and the performances, where a recours à un vers inutile pour en the uniformity of termination which ameber uo bon."
characterizes the couplet has been For the Dramatic uses in Poetry, rejected, have, it is observable
, however, scarcely any critic of re- been far superior in point of bold spectability in our own language, has and nervous imagery and description, ever pleaded for the propriety of in free, forcible, and expansive elo. rhimes, the artificial and constrain- quence.
Milton, although his skill ed dress in which they involved both i elicitiug dignity froin ibe couplet the speakers and the sentiments, has had equalled that which strikes the appeared alike to their judgments and mind in the English Iliad, or the their feelings, altogether incompati. Essay on Man, would clearly have ble with the utterance of sudden emo- outraged every sentiment of taste tion, or the risings of passion. The and propriety if he had sought to superiority which blank verse pos- embody the conceptions of his svar. Hesses over the shackled restraints of ing genius in the smooth and mearhimne has been happily expressed by sured vumbers of Dryden a Critic of modesi, but accomplished ham. “ An Epic Poem in rhimne," fame. “ Blank verse,” says the ele- : says Dr. Thomas Warlon, "appears gant Mrs. Montagne, osis finely adaple to be such a sort of thing as the ed to the Dramatic offices. It rises Æniad would have been if it bad gracefully into the sublime, it can been written, like Ovid's Fasti, in slide happily into the familiar, hasteus hexameters and pentameters, and the its career if impelled by passion, can reading of it would have been as topause in the perplexity of duubi, ap- dious as travelling through that one, long, straight avenue of firs which leads under the hands of British genius, from Moscow to St. Petersburg."
has made it the vebicle of many noGoldsınith, however, appears to ble performances, it is not assuredly proscribe this measure, from all kinds the form wbich Nature dictates, or of Poetry, when he states himself to enthusiasm points out for the expresbe of opinion, that it is barbarous and sion of the more lofty thoughts of uncouth, and that all authors, who aspiring genius. The expansive and in the least pretend to elegance and redundant flow which marks the extaste, should write in rhime. A Poet pression and cadence of blaok verse, of inimitable beauty, sweetness, and the unbounded scope and variety of delicacy, he seems to have been him. its termination, its copiousness, and self-conscious of the purity and har. the facility it gives to the utterance mony of his rhines, when he asserts of passion or of fancy in all ibeir that nothing but the highest sublic associated shapes, offer it peculiarly mity of style can render this measure as a proper language for the imayi. pleasing, and alleges, in favour of the nation teeming with great and noble latter, this extraordinary reason, that ideas, for the intellectual sight which the difficulty of writing in rhine en
Jooks above the pursuits, converse, hances its merit.
and geveral views of ordinary manof sentiments somewhat sinilar kind. It may, then, Dot without reamay be thought to have been a late son, be concluded, that Wartou spoke Poet and Critic of emioence. In op- with truth when he observed," perposition to Dr. Warton, he is of opi- haps rhime may be properest for nion that, “in che hands of a skilful shorter pieces, for Lyric, Elegiac, master, one who knows bow to bap. and Satiric Poems, for pieces where, dle the tools of his profession, rhimes closeness of expression and smarloess are not so fitted for the epopee as blank of style are expected, but for subjects verse, and that the dissimilarity of of a higher order, wbere any enthuPope's translation to the original siasm or emotion is to be expressed, might arise from his imperfect know- or for Poems of a greater length, ledge of the Greek idiom, 'from a blapk verse is undoubtedly prefermere sportive fancy, or from care- able." lessness, but rarely, if ever, from the At the commencement of the 19th inadequacy of his numbers, and the century, an æra distinguished by the ivappropriateness of rhimed measure accuracy and extent of its kuuwledge to the exigencies of hervic narrative." in arts and in elegant literature, more
Such appears to have been the dif- discriminating care was exercised in ference of opinion which prevailed in the choice and arrangement of works the minds or the tastes of writers who destined not only to amuse and ineach, both by nature and education, struct the present age, but to become, might be supposed to be capable of in some degree, the classical' preceappreciating the genuine principles of dents of succeeding days — poets, harmony and beauty. It is, double whose influence and whose power, less, the duty of all who write for the in these enlightened limes of disceroainusement and instruction of the ment and wisdom, would, perhaps, public and of posterity, to inquire obtain equal credit, and more frehow far they are bg nature fitted for quently impart durable and ratioval the one or the other. If their bent pleasures,-pleasures which must ever or constitution of genius strongly in- retain their ascendancy in the buidan clines them to use chime above any breast. It is not enough, or it ought other measure, they would, of course, not to be enough, tbat they possess act highly injudicious, were they lo genius alone,-this may prove, as in put a constraint ou dative talent, in science, an ignis fatuus to lead those order to accommodate any pre-con- astray who implicitly follow its wanceived notions of beauty, but this, on derings,—the performances to which the other hand, it may be observed, it gives birth ought to be conformed does not by any means supersede this to the rules of reason and fine exbeauty. Eligibility must still immu- pression. Were the critical opinions tably remain with blaok verse, as con- of other days inore frequently connected with all the higber offices of sulted by those who assuine the proPoetry. Whilst the perfection and vince of sustaining the credit and redigoily which rbime has acquired putation of this department of our