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1819.)
Ancient Anecdotes.

327 on that disastrous occasion, the Se. some time, expelled by his adversapate found it necessary to issue an ries, contrived to obtain his restoration edict, limiting the period of mourn. by the aid of a woman personating the ing to thirty days *, lest the rites of goddess Minerva, the tutelar deity of Cerès should be neglected, for want Athens, and, in that character, conof a sufficient number of matrons in ducting him back into the city, and fit condition to perform them; as the putting him in possession of the citaestablished usage required that the del.--Lib. 1, 2, Ext. 2. ladies attending her altars should be About a hundred and forty years arrayed in white.—Lib. 1, 1, 15. prior to the Christian æra, the Prætor

The Athenians banished the philo- of the foreign department + at Rome sopher Protagoras, for having pub- ordered all the astrologers to quit the licly declared in writing, that he knew city, and depart from Italy within ten not whether any gods existed ; and days.---Lib. 1, 3, 2. that, if any did exist, be knew not The elder Tarquin proposing to what kind of beings they were.-Lib. maké certain innovations in the form 1, 1, Ext. 7. in some editions he of the Roman state, the augur Attius is named “ Diagoras,” but, more cor- Navius publicly declared that he must rectly, " Protagoras” in that of Kap-' not proceed, úpless authorised by a pius, whose text I have followed in sign from heaven [the flight of birds): the pocket edition (of the “ Itegent's whereupon the king, to put the birdClassics") wbich I have mentioned as seer's augurial skill to the test, asked lately published under my inspection. him, whetber a certain thing, which

- Diagoras, surnamed “the Atheist," he had in contemplation, could be acwas a different person, who explicitly complished ? The augur answering denied the existence of a Deity, as re- in the affirmative, the king ordered corded by Cicero, who mentions both him to cut a whetstone in two with those philosophers, and notices their a razor: when (wond'rous to relate ! leading tenets (De Nat. Deor. lib. I, and much too wond'rous to believe) eapp. 1 & 23)-adding, that Protago. the augur immediately achieved the ras'es writings were publicly burned exploit, and thus proved the reality io presence of the assembled people of his pretensions to infallibility in at Ati os.

divination. Lib. 1, 4, 1. (Thus far When the sculptor Phidias pro- history. But the reader, I presume, posed to the assembled Athenians will readily agree with me, that, althat their intended statue of Minerva though there was but one Navius in (afterwards so celebrated) should be the business, there were two konaves, of marble rather than of ivory, be- who colluded together, to impose on cause the marble would much longer the ignorant moltitude.--The stone, retain its original glossy brightness, no doubt, was previously divided ; they so far listened to him with com- and the two confederates had slightly placent attention. But, upon his fur- stuck or laid the parts together, 89 ther observing that the marble would that they should (miraculously!) come be the cheaper article, they immedi- asunder at a touch of the bird-seer's ately silenced him, and refused to hear razor.) another word on the subject of cheap- After the almost total destruction of ness.-Lib. I, 1, Ext. 7.

Rome by the Gauls (about 390 years Sertorius, a fugitive from Rome, before the birth of Christ), a motion who, at the head of an army of bar. was brought forward for abandoning barians, long and successfully opposed the ruined city, and emigrating to the Roman arms in Spain, was accus- Veii; a measure, to which the poputomed to lead about with him a tame lace were strongly ioclined. But an white hind, and made his rude follow• accidental expression - (apparently ers believe that by her advice (as in. accidental, at least, though most prospired by heaveo) he regulated all his bably preconcerted by those who were movements. Lib. 1, 2, 4.

averse to the plan of emigration) Pisistratus, who had seized on the that expression, I say, prevented the government of Athens, and been, after adoption of the scheme. For, a body

of soldiers returning from duty at * Here I beg leave to refer the reader to my hint on “ National Mourning". + The Prætor peregrinus, who took cogGent. Mag. vol. LXXXVIII. part ii. nisance of all causes and affairs relating

to foreigners.

p. 484.

SUIT) €

I . recent

some of the out-posts, and marching by, an eminent Welsh scholar, is as through the Forum at the very time follows: when the business was in debate, their “Still will they chant their great Creator's commanding officer called out to the praise,

[lays, epsign,“ Plant your standard : here let Still, still retain their language and their us balt" (literally, “here we shall best But nought preserve of all their wide doremain"]which words reaching the

mains, ears of the Senate, who were then in Save Wallia’s wild uncultivated plains." session near the spot, they immedi- This prediction has hilberto wonately exclaimed, that they accepted

derfully borne, and as far as human the omen;" and, the populace imitat- calculation can go still bears, the ing their example, the project of emi- stamp of an everlasting truth. Of gration was laid aside. -Lib. 1, 5, 1. their poetry the Welsh are enthusias(To be continued.)

tically fond ; and thus do they deliver down from father to son, in its

pristine purity, this venerable lanMr. URBAN,

Sept. 16.

guage. My feelings were more than N your last Supplement (p. 612), ordinarily moved, on bearing, at the expediency of the formation of the greatly labouring under bodily in. Cambriao Society, and censures and firmilies, thus exclaim, “ I shall not disapproves its objects. From the heed the sufferings of another year in resuli he anticipates, one would ex- hopes to have a repetition of this pect that the achievements of Carac- mental feast.” tacus or of Owen Glendower had been The objects of the Cambrian So. proposed. But let it be recollected ciety are, to search into the beauties ihat the subjects for the Welsh Odes of the antient Bards- to see what werethe Death of our late venerated sublimity of ideas and originality of Queen, and the Death of Sir T. Pic- conceptions may be discovered in the ton-of that Queen who sat on Eng. writings of those who bad. no aclapd'a throne, and of that Picton who quaintance with Grecian or Roinan so pobly and so gloriously terminated Literature to rescue from oblivion his mortal career on the plains of what may be deemed valuable to sucWalerloo, fighting for our present ceeding ages-and to keep up among revered Monarch. Are such subjects, the Bards of the present day that with all the lofty conceptions which emulation which alone can preserve they involve, at all calculated to alie. in its primitive purity our anticot Date the affections of the Welsh from language. the English ?

If the Welsh language is possessed To wish the extirpation of the lan- of so many hidden charms ; if its guage aod customs of one's country, poetry, in the harmony of its numshows a narrowness of mind, that will begin the nicety of its metrical rebe fouod only among Cambria's more gulations excels, as the ablest Scholars degenerate sons. Is it possible that have advanced, every language under the cultivators of Literature can wish the sun ; surely no one, whose study the annibilation of a language, wbich, is the coltivation of Literature, can baviog survived the convulsions of wish to bury in the gulph of oblivion empires and the changes of time, is this divine, this sacred language. If, at this day as purely spoken, as cor- again, there are some individuals on rectly written, as it was 3000 years whose cars the numbers of Welsh ago ? No: the Nobility of Wales, and versification descends in such soothevery one in whose veins there flows ing melody as gives pleasure to their one drop of Gomer's blood, will existence; and if their enjoyment of warmly and strenuously labour for this their delight, as an associated the preservation of a language which body, neither endangers the public his fathers, amid all their misfor. tranquillity, nor intermeddles with the tunes and all their privations, have conceros of the world around ; what, handed down to him unmixed and in the name of reason, is the objec. unpolluted.

tion that can for a moment be ad. There is, respecting the Welsh, a vanced against this Banquet of the remarkable prophecy of Taliesin, a Muses, of which the Sous of Cambria bard wbo flourished in the year 545, are now invited to partake? the translation of which into English, Yours, &c. A Young BARD.

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[ 329 ]

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

NO

47. The History of Antient Wiltshire, in which the Druids assembled every

Northern District. By Sir Richard Colt year, to decide controversies, &c. &c. Hoare, Bart. F. R. S. & F. A. S. ful.

At page 18, commences the acLackington & Co.

count of the course of Wansdyke, VOVELTY of information is the which is accurately delineated on a

great desideratum of all lite- sheet map, from its supposed beginrary publicatioos, and in none is it ping, Westerly, near the Camps on more wished for than in Topography. Leigh Down on the Avon near Clif

We have now before us the contin ton, and its terinination in Berkshire nued History of the Northern district near Iotapen ; for our author has neof a County abounding in British ver been able to discover any further remains, some of which have been traces of it in an Eastern direction. very little knowp and partially illus- At page 45, our Author gives an trated. The same mode of minute account of the autient British Trackdescription has been observed in the way, proceeding from South WiltNorthern as in the Southern district; shire, crossing Wapsdyke, and then and, if we regard the matter it con- pursuing its course over Hak pen-bill, tains, it may be said to be superior into Berkshire, as far as Streatley in interest to the former portion of upon Thames. The earth works, &c. the work.

op its line, are also noticed. 1. The chief objects of our atten- At page 55, we come to the des. tion are, a very curious British en- cription of Abury, once the most closure at Marden.

magnificent monuinent which Britain 2. A British Ridgeway issuing ever possessed.—To the scrutinizing from South Wiltshire, and passing investigation of this relict of antiinto North Wiltshire, through the quity, we stand inost indebted to Dr. whole of Berkshire, to Streatley upon Stukeley, who forlunately wade his Thames.

researches at a period when much 3. A long Dissertation ou the once more remained than at present. But celebrated British Circle at Aburg, our Author has been fortunate in accompanied by Plans and Views. discovering a curious manuscript, in

4. The course of the grand boun- tituled, Monumenta Britannica, and dary, called Wao's Dyke, through written several years before Dr. the counties of Somrerset and Wilts. Stukeley. His first discovery of the

Many conjectures have been formed Temple at Abury deserves notice. respecting the origin of this grand He tells us that in the year 1648, he boundary; and a singular corrobo. was in vited to the house of Lord ration of opioion which an ingenious Francis Seymour, and that they met antiquary, the Rev. Mr. Leiao, had with their pack of hounds at the Grey formed, has lately, by means of a Wethers, where their sport began, track-way cut through Wausdyke on and the chase led them through the the road between Devizes and Marl- village of Abury, where he was won. borough, been verified ; for in this derfully surprized at the sight of section, of which there is an etching those vast stones, of which he had at .page 123, the different strata of never heard before, as also at the chalk and vegetable earth clearly de- mighty bank and grass about them. monstrate the subsequent elevation See page 58. of the boundary, which was proba. ln the year 1663, King Charles II. bly first raised by the Belgæ. having heard of Abury, commanded

At page 5, our Author describes a Aubrey to write a description of it, British earthen work, but little known as well as of the camps and antiquities hitherto, and unfortunately mutilated of the neighbourhood, and together within the last year, for the sake of with the Duke of York, visited it, a little paltry soil, on which an enor- and walked up to the top of Silburymous lumulus formerly existed. He hill. supposes it to have been one of the At page 63, he relates a curious loci consecrati (mentioned by Cæsar) anecdute about Dr. Toope, a physiGENT. Mag, October, 1819.

cian

we

cian of the neighbourhood, who on

48. A Short Narrative of the Creation, hearing that great quantities of bu.

and Formation of the Heavens and the man bones were dug up by the labour

Earth, &c. as recorded by Moses in the ers, when searching for stones, came Book of Genesis. By Philo. 8uo. pp. and stored himself with many bushels, 119. Longman and Co. with which (to use his own words)“he THE Cosmogony is evidently a made a noble medicine that relieved subject of much curiosity and inmany of his distressed neighbours."

terest. The present book appears The interval of 80 years elapsed to be the production of a Hebrew before the antiquities of Abury at- scholar, professing to treat the work tracted the notice of Dr. Stukeley, in a religious view; and it proposes who made repeated visits, and spent to unite this with a proper allenmuch time in the investigation of it: tion to the manifest laws of uature. and although the learned Doctor deals

The Mosaic account is certainly rather too much in fancy and con- not discordant with reason, in aoy part jecture, yet the literary world is

of it. We have only to mention, that chiefly indebted to him for the his.

God is the Essence of all Being ; and tory and dilapidation of this truly in- have only to object to the use of certeresting monument of antiquity.

tain words, which mislead the mind. It would be a tedious task to fol. God is called a spirit, which conveys low our modern Author throughout the idea of a gaseous substaoce. The his antiquities, or to trace their many meaning is not this. God is the priointricacies and particularities ;

ciple, by virtue of which all maller must therefore refer our readers to

acts according to its respective prohis original work, concluding with perties. What we call a law of Na. his own words:

ture is a Divine property conferred “ The object I have had in view, has

upon

it. Thus graviiy is the divine been to illustrate, by existing evidence, property annexed to matter ; and so the history of those early Britons, who re- all the distinctive qualities of every sided on the Wiltshire bills. I have en.

sort of thing which exists. By aldearoured to collect and arrange all that

tributions of this kind, every thing has been written and published concern

in creation is simplified and brought ing them: to glean the most important matter from the unpublished manuscripts to its clear origin. God being uniof Mr. Aubrey and from the printed vo

versal in power and being, of course lumes of Dr. Siukeley; to correct some of creation was an affair of

pure

will. their errors; and by the assistance of ac. He had only to dictate the form and curate plans, maps, and riews, to trans- the mode of action. mit to posterity the History of an Abury, In the beginning, says Moses, God a Marden, and a Stonehenge.

created the Heaven and the earth. “ Jo short, having recorded what I have By the Heaven we are to understand, read, and faithfully described what I have all the worlds which we do not inseen, I shall, in the words of Dr. Stuke.

habit. The earth is said to have ley, • leave the Reader to form his own

been without forin and void ; i. e. ac. judgment, without endeavouring to force his assent with fancied proofs, which will cording to philosophers, in a state of scarce hold good in matters of so remote

fuidity, where the chaotic particles an age ;' and in the words of my country.

were held in solution. By communia man and fellow-labourer in the fields of cating to them the laws of gravity, Antiquity (Aubrey), hoping, • that my centrifugal force, and the chemical Readers will receive as much pleasure in affinities, and placing the earth in a reading of these British relicts, as I have state of revolution on its axis, air had in seeing them."

would arise from the mass, water When we see the names of Basire, next, and other bodies recede from Carey, and George Cooke applied to the centre of gravity in the ratio of the numerous Engravings and Maps, their specifie gravities. The germs we cannot entertain a doubt concero. of all the animals, and other existing ing their able execution.

beings, were called into their intended The Author ioforms us, that have sphere of action by conferring the ing concluded his History of the An. attribute of life upon them. In short, tient Britons, he has actually engaged not to pursue a subject, possessing no about the Roman Æra, which is far difficulty in reality, Moses merely ad ranced, and will complete the se- affirms, that God created all things, cond rolume.

and that his powers, or, as he terms

it,

1819.)
Review of New Publications.

331 il, his spirit gave them all the pro- ferior to the discourse contained in perties of life and action. All this a volume formerly published by the he divides into a period of seven days; Author, which are distinguished by for though there is, properly speak- their animated and persuasive addres. ing, no such thing as time, it being ses, and are written on the true prina mere arbitrary apootation of revo- ciples of pulpit eloquence: but this Jution of the earth 'round its axis, inferiority, the author satisfactorily and its solar centre, action is not accounts for: 'he makes, at the reüniversally simultaneous, nor can be quest of some of his bearers, a dis. where matter is connected with the course public, which was written subject. The waters could not sub merely in the ordinary course of sup side for the earth lo appear, and the plying provision for his own flock.' animals be set in actioo to move The following quotation will show upon the latter with order, if all that the Author has high claims both bad been of contemporary motion. upon attention and approbation.

The great difficulty is the trees of Having touched with a delicate and Edeo. Our author has produced bu- gentle hand the preconceived opi. merous quotations to show, that trees uions of those who are dissatisfied were used for emblems (p. 95), and he with every thing they hear which is of opioion, " that the trees of does not flatter their own views of Eden were not only intended and things, whilst he laments that “ all adapted for the material senses of efforts by reason and argument to Adam, but as a plan or book from enlighten and convince them will, in which he derived and retained a general, be of no avail,” he expresses knowledge of spiritual things, he hav. his disapprobation of measures, which ing God for his instructor." p. 96. the zeal of party too ofteu dictates.

We koow the figurative forms of " We are still left," the Preacher pro. Oriental diction ; we koow, the cu. ceeds, “tu have recourse in their behalf to rious opinions of various commenta. that power, superior to any on earth, wbich tors concerning the seduction of Eve: alone turneth the hearts of men ; and how and we also know, that John Hunter, much more efficacious and Christian-like in his enquiries concerning the various a method is this of taking an interest in species of the genus man, declared their welfare, than that of upbraiding that Adain was a Black.

" When

them for their imbecility or perverseness; Doctors so disagree,” it cannot be nious names; of treating them with con

and of trying to degrade thein by ignomi. e'xpected that we should chuse to

temptuous sneers or supercilious looks ; commit ourselves.

or, what is still more irritating, of mak

ing their failings the subjects of pleasan49. Moderation : A Sermon, preached at try and derision? No measures can be

the Octagon Chapel, Bath, Jan. 31, 1809. more likely thau these to confirm them in By the Rev. J. Gardiner, D. D.

their delusions, siuce they will either conThe Author of this Discourse is , sider themselves as suffering persecution eininently distinguished as a preacher for the cause of Christ, in which they will at Bath; where he attracts a large glory_ur they will take refuge in a suland most respectable congregation.

len conceit of their own spiritual superiDr. Gardiner is not an ornamental ority over those who revile them. All or showy writer, like Mr. Allison; he spirit of party, manifested by invectives

effervescence of spleen, or acrimonious does not seek to please ; neither does against them in public or private, is sure he attempt, by burst of eloquence, to defeat ils owo end, and will augment like the late Mr. Skelton the Irish

the very evil it attempts to reform. The orator, to transport his hearers into heart's desire to God of every true disciple warmth and passion. His eloquence of Christ is, to save others by making is of the middle kind: his art is ex. them sound Christians; but how absurd erted in selecting the most appropri- to employ for this purpose methods, which ale arguments, in stating thein with in spite of your pehement profession of the greatest force, and arranging have not yourself imbibed the true spirit

orthodoxy, too clearly indicate that you them in the most patural order. This Sermon exemplifies our obe have been for some time past, and there

of Christianity! Blessed be God, there servation: the manner is extremely still are, an active religious zeal, a Chrisinsinuating ; but excellent as is the tian emulation, stirring in this kingdom composition, we think it greatly in- on, all sides; and amidst the contests of

Divines

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