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1819.] Time and Place of the Birth of Rowe the Poet. 331 the late rector in 1790, though seem. above given I should judge that it ingly with oo great accuracy; and to was abbreviated. make the matter worse, most of those The point that Nicholas Rowe was relics have now disappeared.

born bere, seems to be undisputed ; On a stray leaf of parchment, and Dr. Johnson, I should think, which formed part of the original must have gotten his information document, I fiod among other mar. from another source, than the Re. riages, the following:

gister here ;-wretched as the plight « Joho Rowe of Lamerton in com. of it was, in his day, its blunders Devon, and Elizabeth the daughter make it a still worse source of inof Jasper Edwards, Esq. were mar- formation now.

However, the docu. ried Sept. 25, anno d'ni 1673."—Now ment of the father's marriage still it is very clear, that these were the remains, and this enables us to say, father and mother of the Poet, be- that 1673 is too early a date for the cause, at the burial of one of their birth of Nicholas; 1674 is a more children here (a son named John) in probable year ; but if my conjecture 1679, this gentleman is called “ John about the errors of the copyist be Rowe, of the Middle Temple, Esq." rejected, it must be put at a still which fully agrees with Johuson's later period. account.

I felt some little gratification at I collect that Jasper Edwards, the finding the birth-place of this Poet father of Mrs. Rowe, was the 'Squire within a small village of which I had of the parish, and that she used to lately the care. That it was the nacome down to lie-in at her father's or tive spot of a genius, certainly adds sister's (for she had a sister married an interest to the scene. Few who to the rector); since it does not ap- have any love for Literature, would pear that Mr. Rowe bad any pro- disdain to have the claims of their

village made valid, when it respects Now, as the parties were married him who gave Lucan with so much in Sept. 1673, they could not have elegance an English garb. Few who had any child before 1674. Unfor possess imagination, taste, or feeling, tunately, we are told in the copy, would spurn even this slight relation that the Register, from 1668 to 1674, to him, who with such moral effect was in a state of sad mutilation and placed the story of the unhappy Jane decay; however, in the Copy there is Shore among the most favoured proan entry of a baptism in 1674, but ductions of the British Stage; and the original scrap is now missing :- who displayed there, not with such “ A. D. 1674, Poore, Chrislr, son of popular success, yet with equal tenJuho Poore, Esq. and Elizatbi, Augt derness, the holier sorrows of Lady 6tb.” No such name as Poore ever Jane Grey. Among English Drainaoccurs elsewhere in the parish Books. tists, he is not, indeed, to be rauked: So that there is little doubt that it is with the greatest of the age of Elizaa mistake, and it is one pot unlikely beth and James z for “there were to be made by a person copying old giants in those days ;” but he sits not writing, for Rowe. Observe, too, many steps lower than some even of that the Christian names of the pa-. the chiefs. At least, he is highly rents suit precisely with those of ine worthy of outliving his own dramatic Poet. Either then Rowe the Dra. contemporaries. A respectable por. matist was born before marriage (a tion of fame belongs to him still; and thing never hinted at, and therefore although this repulation flows in no not to be lightly imputed), or he had very copious stream, yet it is lively, an elder brother Christopher, or else and will not ever be quite exhausted, this is the entry of his baptisin. I labitur, et labetur in omne volubilis firmly believe it to be his, and that ævum."

Roger. both nanies 'were mistaken by the modern copyist. If the hand-writing

NUGE ANTIQUÆ. was so bad, or so antiquated, or the ,

'HE word Parliament came into Poore for Rowe, it might also have quest. led him to write Christr. for Nichs. The Barons wore do Coronet uutil particularly as from the extract the time of Charles Il.


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Baronets were instituted by James was first made. The silver

penny of the First.

the present reign is of thesame weight Charles II. valued Hudibras beyond as that of Elizabeth. any English poet that ever wrote. Salt.-The antients considered salt

Dr. Hooper, whom King Edward as something sacred ; on which acVI. made Bp. of Gloucester, would count they commanded that the saltnot be consecrated after the manner

cellar should be always served up at still in use, nor would he wear the table, and if it had been forgotten the pall nor Popish vestments. With table was profaned, and some misformuch difficulty he obtained a dispen- tune impending. It was also omisation, but to the great disgust of the nous if it was left all nigbt on the other Clergy, especially of Dr. Ridley table, and not locked up. The RoBp. of London ; who both of them mans derived this superstition from afterwards passed through the fire

the Greeks—and it still prevails among for the same cause, as did Bp. Lati- us, especially when it is spilt, which mer: and all three, with Cranmer and I take to derive its origin from very divers other Bishops, became glorious early antiquity. martyrs for the Protestant faith in Vivitur parvo bene, cui paternum Queen Mary's days.--Burnet's Mem?.. Splendet in mensâ tenui salinum. The first division among the Eog

Hor, O. 16. B. 2. lish Protestants may be dated in a Abp. Secker being asked the progreat measure from this difference be- priety of a servant's saying his master tween Ridley and Hooper.-Ibid. is not at home when he is at home,

To secure Nicomedia, which bad replied, “ The first man that used this frequently suffered by fire, Pliny sug- excuse told a lie.gested to the Emperor Trajan, a fire The first Gazettes were published company of 150 men. So infirm at during the time of the plague in 1660, that period was the Roman Empire, and it is very remarkable that potthat Trajan durst not put the project withstanding its great violence, pó in execution, fearing disturbances even mention is made of it in any of thein. from that small body.

If any future bistorian should turn to Although the ruins of Balbec, the - the Gazettes of that period for auImperial palace, the temple of the thentic information of the metropolis Sun, are so exquisite for skill and and its most unimportant conceros, be taste, yet it is equally wonderful that will be led to question the truth of while they remain as testimonies of the whole which has been said and the splendour and power of the Ro- written upon the subject. mans, there is not a hint of them in

Tyndal's translation of the Bible any Roman historian of the time.

was done at Antwerp, A.D. 1526—the The nerves of a pbilosopher are; first time that any part of it was a desire undisappointed; aí expense printed in Eoglish: it was proscribed not incurred; pursuits duly excited; by Cardinal Wolsey, and burnt by a careful resolution ; and an uner- Bp. Tunstal and Sir Thomas More, at ring assent.

Paul's Cross; some copies were sold Coins.-- Before the Conquest the at 3s. 6d. and the venders were fined, only coin in use was a silver peony, and: and made to ride with their faces to it was broken into halves and quar- their horses' tails, and to cast the coters. Halfpence were first coiped by pies into the fire. King John; and farthings of silver by A Bible was presented to Queen Henry III. who also coined gold. Elizabeth in her procession to her Co

In 1351 Edward III. coined groats ronation, which she received with reand half-groats of silver.

verence, and ordered a translation. Crown-pieces of gold and silver by King Edward III. invited three Henry vill. Half-crowns and six. clockmakers of Delft in Holland, to pences by Edward VI. Queen Eliza

settle iu England. beth*coined pieces of three-halfpence The currant shrub was brought and three farthings each. Silver half- from the Island of Zourt in 1533; and pence were discontinued by the Com. cherry-trees from Flanders were first monwealth.

planted in Keut in 1540. Copper farthings were first circu- Knives were first made in England lated by James I. and half-pence by in 1563. [To be continued.) Charles II. in whose reiga the guinea



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27. Memoirs, illustrative of the Life and versation to every other kiod of coin

Writings of John Evelyn, Esq. F. R.S. munication, that men may and do
Author of the Sylva," &c. comprising live pleasantly without reading, often
his Diary, from the year 1601 to 1705.6, without letter writing, except on sub-
and a Selection of his familiar Letters ; to jects of business, but oever without
which is subjoined the private Correspond- society.
ence between King Charles I. and his
Secretary of State, Sir Edward Nicholas, its way, superior character, as to

Such being the distinctive, and, in
whilst his Majesty was in Scotland, 141: effect, of this kind of writing; we
and at other times, during the Civil War ;
also between Sir Edward Hyde, afler. may add its instructive operation on
wards Earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard readers of light minds. it would be
Browne, Ambassador to the Court of pain to present to them any other
France in the time of King Charles I. book than a Novel, a Play, or a Ma-
and the Usurpation. The whole now first gazine; and if, through a casual in-
published from the original MSS. In Two cident, they wish to know any thing
Volumes. Edited by William Bray, Esq. of a scientific subject, they are con-
Fellow and Treasurer of the Society of tent with referring to an Encyclo-
Antiquaries of London. 4to. Colburn.

pædia. A of this deT is common, after the perusal of scription, not being confined to conMen are described as if they were ject, may be taken up in a wet mornplaying a game, in perpetual tension ing, or winter evening ; and, if the of intellect; and, except the account book be instructive, the author has of the tricks which are won or lost, the chance of working a kind of there is a tiresome identity of attitude, pleasing needlework-pattern upon manner, and portrait, in all the cha. The flimsy gauze of such intellects ; racters, or at least the variation is and this may be worn by them, as unimpressive. Biography, is some- thus promoted to the rank of male what more lively, but still it is infe- bas bleues, for ruffles, in dioner dress. rior to Diaries of the kind under con- Add to this, the inestimable acquisisideration. The one is, at the best, tion of anecdotes, bon-mots, and pitby judgment of the man by his letters: remark from these ready-made litethe other, by his conversation. The rary liven-shops, without fear of sus. one is a statue or a bust, where the picion that they were brought from expression of the eye and the shifting the fripierie of Joe Miller, with its features of animation are lost ; the elegant phraseology of one said, -as other, a view of the man himself, seen one was going along, &c. in his domestic, companionable, se- An important eulogy may be justly rious, and moral character; and surely bestowed on this very entertaining every one would prefer hearing Han- Book. Mr. Evelyn was by profession del in person playing his own ck, and wealth a gentleman, regularly so to simply being presented with it in bred. Of course his principles are written score.

settled and fixed, according to the There cannot be a question but usual ideas of that rank of life. We that Boswell's Life of Johnson is a have no serious points doubted or dramatic representation of that great brought into disputation, notwithWriter, where, if it may be so said, standing the times; such, we mean, as the hero himself both composes the loyalty or adherence to the Estaplay and performs his own charac- blished Religion. Men of Mr. Eveter. The Historian is merely a short lyd's station are in the habits of hand writer. And there is a charm -knowing the leading characters for in such kind of writing which is aod wisdom in all departments, as well as must be peculiar to itself, viz. that the real political grounds, concealed it assimilates conversation. This is from the world at large, upon which known to be a melunge of variety, measures are founded : and therefore wbich excludes dissertation and de- such men wisely conclude, that the clamation; and there is this charac. best is done which circumstances reteristic of the superior power of con- quire, though the interposition of Gent. Mag. September, 1819.


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Providence, not to be anticipated, mind not to be tolerated in Officers. may produce uosatisfactory results. Nor would a wise General choose to “The love of antient things,” says confide even a Sergeant's guard to a the venerable Hooker, "argues staid- man addicted to brown studies. if ness ; but levity and want of expe- Cromwell or others of that descriprience lead to innovation. Tbat which tion read, it is only to use the knowwisdom began, and hath long conti- ledge which they acquire as a tool of nued with good men, challenges the trade, for their better proficiency in allowance of posterity, though it the necessary indispensables of Popuplead nothing for itself. That which larity or Diplomacy. But Mr. Eveis new, no man can trust until it be lyn was not a needy aspiring adventried. So that few things are known turer. He considered his fortune to be good, till such time as they fixed; and he did not desire to corgrow to be antient. It is demanded, rect the usual lounging form of a therefore, that when no notable pub- gentleman's life, but by knowledge lic inconvenience can be alleged and philosophy. against any observance, antiquity,

(To be conlinued.) custom, and law, are most sufficient reasons for upholding the same *." 28. A Sermon preached in the Cathedral Mr. Evelyo, therefore, not being a

Church of St. Paul, June 18, 1818. By

the Rev. James Hook, LL.D. Archdea. novus homo, and regularly catechized and confirmed in his political princi

con of Huntingdon. Rivingtons. ples, upsettles no faith ; but, avoiding

AS devoted friends to the Estasuch annoying subjects as mere baits blished Institutions of our Country, for inconclusive argumentation, limits we bail with great satisfaction the bimself to the more engaging topicks appearance of this Sermon, preached of general science, history, descrip- in 1818, before the Society for protion, and pleasant literature ; for in moting Christian Knowledge; and we the best societies, even now, politicks regret only that the publication has and religion are not conversational

been so long delayed. subjects.

He (Jehoshaphat) sent Levites, and

with them Elishama and Jehoram, priests ; A Pig regards not meum and tuum, But thinks that every thing is suum.

and they taught in Judah, and had the

book of the law with them, and went about Mr. Evelyo, wisely knowing that throughout all the cities of Judah, and taught in 'times of civil war and anarchy,

the people.—2 Chron. xvii. 8, 9. the multitude are,' in Mr. Burke's

The Archdeacon thus commences phrase, really swinish, went abroad, his masterly exposition of the text : in order to protect, as far as he was “ It was some years after Asa had suc. able, without compromising his prin- ceeded Abijam in the throne of Judab, ciples, his person and his property:

and had manifested no inconsiderable deHe was plainly a man of business, and gree of zeal in the cause of Religion, that of the world, of which it is one mas

the Spirit of God fell upon Azariah, the ter-rule to avoid scrapes ; nor could

son of Obed, who went forth to meet the it be of use to fish in troubled waters, that the evils which had befallen the peo

King, commissioned to declare to him where the first bite of the great parliamentary fly would carry off his fect of divine ordinances, “ being without

ple of Israel were occasioned by their neg. hook and bis Tine, or drag him into the true God, and without a teaching the stream. A fighting man is not priest, and without law t;' so that naone of contemplative habits. He is tion (he reminded him) was destroyed of coinınonly devoted to outdoor active nation, and city of city,' and 'great vexaoccupations, fond of riding and field- tions were upon all the inhabitants of the sports, and never at rest but at the countries I; civil discord and national convivial table. Mr. Evelyn was not, distress being the necessary and inevitable therefore, qualified to serve bis suf. consequences of ignorance and irreligion. fering Monarch in the field ; for, pro

Then applying himself to the assembled bably, in the first campaign, he would people of Judah, as well as to the King,

he exhorted them, 'to be, therefore, strong have experienced the fate of Archiin the good cause they had undertaken, medes, absence being a quality of and not to let their hands be weak: for

that their work should be rewarded §.' * Kennicott's Analysis of Hooker's Ec

of 2 Chron. xv. 3. Ibid. xv, 5, 6. clesiastical Polity, p. 26.

f Ibid. xv. 7.

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Review of New Publications.

23,5 Asa, thus admonished, avowed the since the time of the Reformation, than a necessity of religious reformation, and se- mistaken apprehension of the plainness dulously applied himself to effect it. He and simplicity of the Christian Scriptures; began by breaking down the images and for their plainvess and simplicity, in a cutting down the groves of the Pagan certain degree, being granted, it is thence idols, whose worship had superseded that illogically inferred, that they are perfectly of the true God. The people 'sware intelligible, and that too in all doctrinal unto the Lord with a loud voice, and with points, to the humblest and most limited shouting, and with trumpets, and with capacity: But if the authority of those cornets *.' He issued edicts to compel very Scriptures were not directly against them to seek the God of their fathers, and this inference, the fallacy of it might be even threatened death to those, whether demonstrated from the various opposed small or great, whether man or woman,

and contradictory interpretations of them who would not seek the Lord God of which have been obtruded on the world, Israel f. But Asa struck not at the root from the first promulgation of the Gospel of the evil. Enthusiasm is an unsteady

down to the present hour. If the Scripguide ; and our best feelings, at all times, tures are so very intelligible, how could require to be supported by the steady this diversity have arisei ; if so plain, arm of fixed principle. The zeal of Asa how happens it that so many have misslackened when the duties of religion ap

understood them? Of all these interpeared to be inconsistent with his inte- pretations all cannot be equally true : rests ; and the one was eventually sacri- error, therefore, must prevail in some, and ficed to the other. He had professed to that, of course, in the majority. It is abide by the law of God, and his people true that the doctrines and duties of our had sworn to be obedient to it: but they holy Religion are plain and obvious, when were not sufficiently instructed in what carefully gathered from a comparison of their duty consisted, and, consequently, Scripture with itself; but it is not true were both equally incapable of perform that this process can be effectually caring it.

ried on without much patient labour, “ His successor, Jehoshaphat, profiting much painful study, and long dispasby the experience of his father, pursued sionate meditation, together with such a the measure of reform by the only rule knowledge of the different parts of Holy which could render it effectual. Not con- Writ as may enable men to comprehend tent with destroying the vestiges of Pa

the great and ultimate purpose of the Alganism, he exposed the folly as well as mighty, in the whole of His revealed wickedness of idolatry. Not satisfied with

Will." awakening the zeal of the people, he la.

“ The difficulties which Christianity bas boured to give it a legitimate direction. to encounter, in the present day, are not He called upon them, as Asa indeed had confined to the interpretation of the Scripdone, to seek the Lord God of their fa.

tures in their more obvious construction, thers,' and 'to do the law and the com. Subtle questions and metaphysical inmandments ;' but he did not, like Asa, quiries concerning the nature of God and leave them to themselves to collect their of his dispensations, which were formerly duty from doubtful or obscure sources. '

confined to the closets or studies of the He provided the only means through which

learned, are insidiously framed for popu. they could properly learn the greatness

lar acceptance, and urged with the con. and goodness of God, and feel permanent

fidence and pertinacity of unquestioned motives to worship and obedience. • He axioms; and the Scriptures are 'wrested,' sent Levites, and with them priests,' that

in order to give a colour and consistency they might 'teach' throughout the king

to doctrines which are calculated to invadom. He made them take the book of lidate the very conditions of the Christian the law of the Lord with them, and they

covenant. went about through all the cities of Judah,

“ Calvin himself, a man whose ability and taught the people. The event was

and learning were, perhaps, exceeded only such as the prophet' had foretold. The by his zeal, from whom may be said to fear of the Lord fell upon all the kingdoms spring all those doctrines concerning elecof the lands that were round about Judah,

tion and reprobation which have been so that they made no war upon Jehosho

since rendered subservient to the worst phat I. The Lord stablished the kingdom passions and propensities of our nature; in his land; and he had riches and ho- Calvin, the high authority for the most nour in abundance g.'

mischievous error that ever introduced “ It may be safely affirmed, that few

discord into the Christian world, deprecauses have contributed more fatally to

cates the discussion of such questions in disturb the peace of the Christian Church,

the discourses of his followers, or the in

troduction of them in their instructions to *.2 Cbron. xv. 14.. of Ibid. xv. 13. the people. It is, nevertheless, under the Ibid. xvii. 10. Ibid, xvi. 7. sanction of his name, that opinions have


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