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Aug. 3. IN addition to other antient buildings in the town of Sherborne, co. Dorset, which you have occasionally given in your Magazine*, I send you a view of a building, now known by the name of the ABBEY HOUSE? from the accurate pencil of Mr. J. C. Buckler (see Plate II.) It bears the tradition of having been the kitchen of the Monastery; but neither this, nor the story of the buildings here represented having been erected since the Reformation out of the ruins of the Abbey, merit notice. Doubtless they are portions of the Monastic edifices,
from their situation on the North side of the cloister, and the handsome architecture of which they are composed.
The buildings shown in the annexed engraving, though irregular, consist of a centre and two wings, of which the most Western is the largest and grandest, having a beautiful door, under a large window; adjoining which, and projecting from one angle of the wing, is a long octagonal tower, terminating with a cornice and grotesque figures at all the angles. The centre has two tiers of square windows, and the corresponding wing is unornamented. Some fragments of antient sculpture have been fixed in the walls of the building, representing, among others, a ram, a holy lamb, an owl flying, and a figure sitting as writing, with a bird flying to its ear. Yours, &c.
J. K. M.
REMARKS ON THE SIGNS OF INNS, &C.
(Continued from p. 111.)
THE GOOSE AND GRIDIRON. This sign, like The Cat and Fiddle" before mentioned, is noticed by comic writers. Foote, in his "Taste," speaks of the well-known house, "The Goose and Gridiron in Paul's Churchyard."
"Sonnet to a Goose, by Southey. "If thou didst feed on Western plains .. of yore; [feet, Or waddle wide with fat and flabby Over some Cambrian mountain's plashy moor, [treat,
Or find in farmer's yard a safe reFrom gypsy thieves, and foxes sly and fleet;
If thy grey quills, by lawyer guided, trace
* See vol. LXXXVIII, i. 201. i. 497. GENT. MAG, September, 1819.
September, when by custom (right divine)
Geese are ordain'd to bleed at Michael's shrine.
And Dr. Pegge, in his "Anonymiana," tells us,
.."The custom is general to have a goose on Michaelmas day; and see a trace of this as early as 10 Edward IV. (Blount's Tenures)." p. 8,
Brand, in his "Observations on Popular Antiquities," says,
"Goose intentos, is a term used in Lancashire, where the husbandmen claim it as a due to have a goose intentos on the 16th Sunday after Pentecost; which custom originated from the last word of this old church prayer of that day,
Tua, nos quæsumus, domine, gratia semper præveniat et sequatur, ac bonis operibus jugiter præstet esse intentos.' The common people very humourously mistake it for a goose with ten toes."
The public stews were antiently under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Winchester; and a particular symptom of the Lues Venerea, was called a Winchester goose. This explains the meaning of the concluding speech of Pandarus, in Shakspeare's "Troi lus and Cressida:"
"Brethren and sisters, of the hold-door [here be made:
trade, Some two months hence, my will shall It
It should be now, but that my fear is this
[hiss." Some galled goose of Winchester would Dr. Leigh, Master of Baliol College, Oxford, when Vice Chancellor in 1740, was interrupted in an oration by some under-graduates who began to hiss, on which he coolly turned round, and saying, "laudatur ab his," proceeded with his speech.
The cause of this expression of disapprobation is conjectured, by an antiquarian collector of Oxford Facetiæ in your Magazine for 1805, to have arisen from his reply to the Under-graduates who did not at that time wear tufts upon their caps, and on applying to him for permission, be said Make yourselves easy, gentlemen; you will all wear them by degrees."
Dean Swift said of Archbishop Tenison, "that he was hot and heavy like a tailor's goose."
"Billy Snip went to skate, when the ice
He fell in, but was sav'd by good luck; Cried the tailor, I'll never more leave my hot goose,
To receive in return a cold duck.''
Geese are very long-lived. Willoughby gives an example of one that attained the age of 80 years.
The antient horse-racing sport, call ed The Wild goose chase, has been noticed under the sign of "The Goat (p. 15);" and the Gridiron, used as the instrument of martyrdom to St. Lawrence, and forming the principal device in the palace of the Escurial, is mentioned under "The Blossoms Inn (vol. LXXXVIII. i. 308.").
(To be continued.)
CURIOUS COATS OF ARMS, CRESTS, MOTTOS, AND CORONET DEVICES.
(Continued from p. 129.)
ON THE PART OF THE PARLIAMENT.
HE Earl of Essex, Captain-gene
TH ral of the Parliamentary forces,
bore in his coronet the motto of his own arms without figure, VIRTUTIS COMES INVIDIA-Envy is the companion of worth. Envy doth merit as its shade
The Earl of Manchester bore this only motto, without figure, TRUTH
The Earl of Stamford had no figure in his coronet, which was inscribed thus, FOR RELIGION, KING, AND COUN
The Lord Brook figured a green chaplet or crown of laurel, with this pentameter circumscribed, QUI NON
EST HODIE, CRAS MINUS APTUS ERIT. -He who is not fit (able or disposed) to-day, will be less so to morrow.
Lord Fairfax figured a sword, rending a triple crown, with a crown imperial on the point of it, and this motto, in Spanish, VIVA EL REY: Y MUERA EL MAL GOVIERNO-Wishing (as it should seem) no hurt to the King, but to his government.
The Lord Grey of Groby represented the Parliament-house guarded with many swords in hand, and the motto, PER BELLUM AD PACEM Thro' warfare to peace.
The Lord Willoughby of Parham seemed not to aim at the King, but his Counsellors, when for his device he depainted the SUN enveloped with CLOUDS, and the motto, NON SOLEM, SED NUBILOS-Not the sun, but the clouds.
The Lord Hastings, afterwards Earl of Huntingdon, figured a flame of fire, with QUASI IGNIS CONFLATORIS-AS the fire of the founder.
Sir Thomas Fairfax (succeeding Captain-general) bore plain colours for his own troop.
Oliver Cromwelt also bore plain colours for his own troop: at first without any device, but, in the course of his success, he afterwards assumed THE OLIVE BRANCH alluding to his christian name, and holding forth a show of pacific intentions.
Major-general Sir William Balfour represented the King on horseback, with a crown on his head and a scepter in his hand, and many armed mea (which it is likely he intended for those of his own troop) kneeling and laying down their arms at his Majesty's horse's feet, the motto, PACEM TE POSCIMUS OMNES-We all demand peace from you. One of the first causes of Sir William Balfour's dissatisfaction was an attempt made by the Queen's chaplain to convert his wife to the Romish religion, of which the following account was given by Mr. Garrard, master of the Charter-house, to the Earl of Stafford, in a letter dated May 10th, 1638 :-"The Lieutenant of the Tower, Sir Wm. Balfour, beat a Priest lately for seeking to convert his wife. He had a suspicion that she resorted a little too much to Denmark-house, and staid
long abroad, which made him one day send after her. Word being brought him where she was, he goes thither, finds her at her devotions in the Chapel he beckons her out, she comes accompanied by a Priest, who somewhat too saucily reprehended the Lieutenant for disturbing the lady in her devotions; for which he struck him two or three sound blows with his battoon, and the next day made his complaint to the King.". - Strafford's Letters, vol. II. p. 165.
Major-gen. Skippon figured a hand and sword, and this motto, ORA ET
PUGNA JUVAT ET JUVABIT JEHOVAH
-Pray and fight-JEHOVAH aids and will aid us.
Colonel Thomas Sheffield, second son of the Earl of Mulgrave, bore this motto only, without figure, NEC TIMIDUS NEC TUMIDUS-Neither fearful nor elated.
Sir Samuel Luke (supposed to have been Buller's Hudibras) figured A BIBLE and A MAP OF LONDON, with this motto, LEX SUPREMA, SALUS PATRIE-The safety of the country is the first law.
Sir Faithful Fortescue, before his recess, represented an escu or SHIELD, superscribed LA FORT-The brave, al luding to his name.
Sir John Evelyn made use of this old motto, without any figure, PRO REGE ET GREGE-For the King and the flock.
Sir Edward Hungerford bore only the motto of his own arms, which was, ET DIEU MON APPUY-God is my support.
Colonel Samuel Sheffield (another
of the Earl of Mulgrave's sons) figured an armed horseman attempting to climb up a steep rock, and an eye in a cloud, with this motto, deo duce, NIL DESPERANDUM-GOD being our guide, nothing is to be despaired of.
Colonel Sir William Constable figured an anchor in the clouds, with this motto, soYEZ FERME-Be ye constant.
Sir Edward Pettow, Governor of Warwick Castle, represented a map of that castle with colours flying on the top of it, with this motto, SI DEUS NOBISCUM, QUIS CONTRA NOS? — If GODbe with us, who can be against us?
Colonel Purefoy gave his own crest, with this motto, (alluding to his name) PURE FOY, MA JOYE-A pure faith is my delight.
Sir Thomas Middleton bore no figure, only this motto, IN VERITATE TRIUMPHO-In truth I triumph.
Colonel Cooke, of Gloucestershire, figured an armed man cutting off the corners of an University cap with his sword, and the motto, MUTO QUADRATA ROTUNDIS as much as to say he would convert the Square-heads or Cavaliers into Round-heads by trimming them.
Colonel Urrey, (afterwards Sir John Urrey,) a Scot, whilst he was on the Parliamentary side, made bold with the THISTLE as well as the motto of Scotland, NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT -Nobody provokes me with impunity.
Sir Richard Grenville, before his recess, represented a map of England, superscribed ENGLAND BLEEDING. (To be continued.)
OBSERVING in your Magazine
for July, p. 30, in an account of curious devices, &c. that of King Henry V. a burning crescet; I thought the following extract from a MS. in the Library of the Heralds' College, shewing the reason of that Monarch's using it, might not be unacceptable to your Readers; it is to be found in Mr. Gough's description of Henry's Monument, in the Second Volume of Sepulchral Monuments, p. 59.
Henry V. by reason of his dissolute life in the tyme of his father's raigne, when, after the death of the sayd King his father, he was anointed and crowned monarch of this realme, betooke unto him, for his badge or
cognizance, a crescet light burnynge, shewinge thereby, that although his virtuous and good parts had been formerly obscured, and lay as a dead cole, wanting light to kindle it, by reason of tender yeares and evell company, that notwithstanding, he beinge now come to his perfecter yeares and riper understandinge, had shaken off his evell counsellers, and being now on his high imperial throne, that his vertues which before had layne dead, should now, by his righteous raigne, shyne as the light of crescet, which is no ordinary light; meaning also, that he should be a light and guide to his people to follow him in all virtue and honour."
lu a note, Mr. Gough gives the signification of the term crescet. Cressettus, in the Wardrobe Account of Edward I. published by the Society of Antiquaries, is explained a socket for a candle, and in the Antiquities of the Church of Durham, p. 100, it seems a receptacle for oil. E. 1. C.
ORIGINAL LETTERS TO THE REV. W. GREEN. (Continued from page 102.) "Dear Sir, Poulshot, near Devizes, Feb. 13, 1786. THINK myself much obliged to I you for the favour of your Lelter, dated Jan. 26, but which I did not receive till two or three days ago, and for informing me to whom I was in debted for another Letter in the same handwriting, but without a name, which I received some months before. 1 was much pleased with my anonymous Correspondent, whose remarks spoke at once judgment and candour; but it was particularly grateful to me to find myself honoured in any degree by the approbation of Mr. Green, who has given such conspicuous proofs of his great learning and abilities. Your animadversions, modest and ingenious, needed no apology; they were highly acceptable to me; and were I again to appear before the publick, I should, doubtless, profit by them, as well as by the hints in the Monthly Review, and others which have in the same liberal manner been communicated to me. I never had the vanity to think my work would be faultless; indeed I was fully convinced it could not be so, from the example of others who were possessed of abilities infinitely superior to mine. But the insolepee and
malevolence of that fellow Bruns (which your Letter pointed out to me, for I had not before met with it) provoked my indignation, that I could not refrain from exposing the futility of those censures with which he laboured to justify his abuse of my performance. You ask what provocation had I, or Dr. Kennicott, or the English, given him. I will tell you honestly what I know. Dr. K. paid him a very liberal pension, over and above his travelling expences; and in Oxford he was lodged and boarded at the Doctor's own house, where he was treated by Dr. K. himself, his family, and friends, with the same attention and respect as would have been paid to the Doctor's own brother. I myself was witness of this, and may claim my share in shewing him those little civilities which a Foreigner is glad to receive during his residence in a strange country. At that time his zeal for the honour of Dr. K. and his work was excessive, and in his professed opinion the learned men and literary productions of the English were unequalled in any country. Towards the close of his engagements with Dr. K. the Doctor interested himself warmly with persons in power to get Dr. Bruns (on whom the University of Oxford had heaped their academical honours) appointed to a Profes sorship in his Majesty's University of Goettingen. But the Goettingen gentlemen, it seems, better knew the man, and so strenuously opposed his coming amongst them, that Dr. K.'s applications proved fruitless. Bruns was afterwards disappointed in his views upon the place in the Museum, which was conferred upon a much more deserving man, Mr. Woide. Hinc illæ lacryme. He immediately gave up his hopes of preferment in England, and declared war against his benefac tor and friend, Dr. K., and against the English in general; endeavouring to prejudice the character of the former, and of his useful work, by the most scandalous and false insinuations; and decrying with all his might whatever had the least meritorious appearance in the latter.
"By your Letter it appears that you are not yet acquainted with Bp. Newcome's publication on the Minor Prophets, which has been out several months, and you will doubtless peruse with pleasure. In his Preface he has
laid down some very excellent rules to be observed in a new Translation of the Bible, and has now and then exemplified them by faulty instances in Bp. Lowth and myself; and, generally speaking, I must confess, not without reason. But perhaps in his own Translation you will now and then observe that the good Bishop has afforded proof how much easier it is to point out faults than to avoid them. You do me too much honour in wishing that I would undertake Ezekiel. Bp. Newcome had engaged a very able man in Ireland, Dr. Forsyth, in that very difficult work; but death has prevented him, and I have not heard whether he had made any or what progress in it. As for me, supposing I had abilities for the task, which is very questionable, I fear I have neither health nor opportunity now to go through with it. When I entered upon Jeremiah, I was a resident at Oxford, and had free intercourse with both the living and dead. I am now confined to a country parish, with a few books only of my own collection, at a distance from any well-stocked Library, and not a soul in the neigh bourhood that ever seems to have thought of these matters. Oh, how could I relish such a neighbour as yourself, and what use could I find of your friendly co-operations! But there is, I must confess, another thing to deter me from attempting any farther publications. I was never desirous of gain; and the publick was freely welcome to the fruits of my application. But a man with a family cannot afford to sacrifice over and above a part of that provision which he is bound to make for them. I shall lose above 1001. by my Jeremiah, so few are there to purchase even where they affect to applaud. You too, I fear by what you say in your Letter, with greater merits have not met with adequate encouragement. I mean, therefore, as I cannot help amusing myself with such sort of studies, to lay by such observations as appear to me, and in case of my death to leave them in proper hands, to be produced whenever the new Translation of the Bible is taken in hand. Many of my remarks may perhaps appear trifling, but there will then be those that will know how to separate the bad from the good. I hope you, Sir, will not suffer your ingenious thoughts to be lost;
but will at least reserve them for some such season. The Bp. of Norwich *, you tell me, is averse to a New Translation. I am sorry for it, but I can easily believe it. He is a man of probity and virtue, and possessed of considerable learning; but he is a Bigot (I mean not to play upon words) to old establishments. Had all men been of his mind, we had still been in the darkness of Popery. I remember, when he was at Oxford, how violently he opposed, on the principle of no innovations, a proposal for taking away the necessity of subscribing to the 39 Articles from those who could not possibly know the meaning of them; I mean from boys at their matriculation. And unhappily his prejudices, not his arguments, prevailed with the majority. But Reformation, as I take it, is not to be considered as Innovation.
"I fear I shall tire you with my long Letter. But I cannot conclude without assuring you that I shall think myself happy in being favoured with your future correspondence; and should your occasions call you this way, I should hope you would call in at Poulshot, as I certainly should not approach Hardingham without paying my respects to you. Congenial studies must naturally recommend us to each other. I thank you for all your good wishes and professions of regard for me; and I feel myself im pressed towards you with the same sentiments of cordial esteem and respect when I subscribe myself,
"Your most obliged and obedient "humble servant,
"B. BLAYNEY +." "I cannot possibly tell you why Dr. Kennicott's Posthumous Works have hitherto been kept back from the publick; but I know that his papers were left in good hands, who will infallibly do them justice. Two of the Trustees were, the Bishop of Salisbury, and the Dean of Christ Church, Oxford."