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1819.) Letter of Bp. Bagot. -- Juries in Rome.

5 idea even of an implied condition of ception of the business) might not

Your tenure, therefore, improperly be considered as Juries, would be perfectly free, as it ought though not exactly similar to ours. to be. Should you find on the ex: In one respect, indeed, they materially periment that the possession of the differed, as they were not individually living subjected you to any inconve. appointed by any one man, or body nience, either in body or mind, you of men, but chosen by lot from those caoovt, I trust, have a doubt of my classes who were qualified to sit in readiness to comply with your wishes judgement: and the lots (previously in accepting your resignation. It is examined by the accuser and the acequally certain that Sir John would cused) were drawn in open court, udnot desire you to hold it under those der the immediate inspection of the circumstances. But, if no such in. Quæsilor, or presiding Judge, selectconvenience should arise, it would be ed for that particular occasion; though a satisfaction to him to have dis- it appears that the consuls were alcharged his trust in the most repu- lowed to propose a considerable numtable manner for himself, and expres. ber of names, from which the Jurg sive of his esteem for you : and you might be thus chosen. will yourself readily adinit that it can The Quæsitor seems to me to have be no discredit to any man to be un- been the only individual in the Court derstood to have received a token of whose official character (for Ibe time Sir Joho Wodehouse's friendship. being) bore any resemblance to that Having said thus much as the com- of our British Judges; to whom, howmon friend of both, I beg to be con- ever, he appears to have been, in one sidered as by no means airning to important part of his functions, evicontrol your determination, but voly dently inferior : for I cannot find that to bring it again under your review; he had any right to charge the Jury; that you may not seem hastily to reject and, on the whole, I conceive that we a proposal so kindly and handsomely cannot properly consider him in any riade. In such a question I am well other light, than that of Chairman, aware there may be considerations Speaker, or Foreman, of the Jury; as very proper to fix your resolution, of he gave no vote himself, and only anthe full weight of which no man can vounced the result of the concluding judge so well as yourself.

ballot. “I am, dear Sir, with the most Asconius Pedianus, in different parts assured regard,

of his Comments on Cicero, notices your very faithful servant, the lots, the challenges, &c. But I

L. NORWICH *. shall here confine myself to the de“P. S. As I took the liberty (on scription given in his Argument to perceiving Sir John's concern at the the oration for Milo, which conveys idea of your not having accepted the a prelty clear and satisfactory idea of living) to request he would not dis- the Jury that sat on the memorable pose of it 'till I had written to you; trial, to which we are indebted for I should be much obliged to you to that celebrated master-piece of Roman let Sir John know as soon as you have eloquence. completely made up your mind on But, first, it may be proper to rethe subject ; which I much wish may collect, who were the persons quabe in the manner most satisfactory lified to act as Judges on such occaboib to him and yourself.”

sions.-From history, then, we learn,

that, after various changes and trang. Mr. URBAN,

West-square, fers, the judicial power-or (inore

July 12. properly speaking) the qualification
THERE Judge Blackstone, in to sit on the bench-was, at the lime

bis Conmentaries, treats of of that trial, vested in the Senate, the
the nature and origin of Juries, I am Equestrian Order, and the Tribunes
somewhat surprised that he has taken of the treasury.
no notice of those Judges who sat on To return to Milo-the Quæsilor
state trials in republican Rome, and being chosen for his trial-(and, pur-
who (according to my humble con- suant to a special Act passed on that

particular occasion, he was chosen by * Dr. Lewis Bagot, D.D. translated to the suffrages of the people, froin the St. Asaph, 1790; and died in 1802. D'umber of those who had filled the

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office of consul)-the proceedings be Ladies any part of their claim to the gan. First, a number of Judges (not distinction so honourably conferred yet chosen by lot) attended to hear upon them, and without impeaching the evidence on both sides; which be. the candour of the very learned Traing concluded, the choice of the Jury veller who has favoured us with the was made, in the manner above de narrative, and without endeavouring scribed ; and eighty-one Dames were

to raise the reputation of my owo drawn by lot, viz. twenty-seven from countrywomen, even in this depraved each of the three orders before men- age, by lowering that of the Greek tioned.

Ladies, who flourished eighteen hunIn presence of these eighty-one, the dred years ago ; I cannot help drawpleadings took place ; two hours be- ing an inference quite contrary to ing allowed to the accuser, and three that above quoted. It appears to me, to the defendant.

rather, that instances of virtue were The pleadings being closed, the ac- then of so rare occurrence as to excuser rejected five names of each order, cite general admiration, and be deemand the defendant as many; which ed worthy of the highest distinction ; reduced the whole number to fifty- but was every English woman, now, one ; and these fifty-one, immediately possessing filial piety and domestic proceeding to judgement, decided the virtue, to be in like manner honourcause by a majority of voles, which ed, the very walls of our bouses must were given by ballot.

be inscribed from the ground to the Yours, &c. Joun CAREY. attics, and our streets would be paved

with their tablets. Mr. URBAN,

July 1. Being a bachelor, Mr. Urban, I feel A

describing the Antiquities of I hope, should it be my fortune to the Greek Islands, has noticed two enter connubial life, that I have not Ioscriptions in the walls of the Cas- bitberto been in a dream ; but that tle of Stanchio, upon marble tablets ; experience will confirm the observa. the one imports that

tion, that, with few exceptions, all “ The Senate and People 'bave ho- my country women might claim honoured Suetonia, the daughter of Caius, porary distinctions upon the same who bas lived chastely and with deco- grounds as those ladies of Stanchio ; rum; both on account of her own Vir- but that the practice of such virtues tue and the Benevolence she has shewn is of too common occurrence to extowards her Father."

cite any extraordinary feeling, while The other,

the want of them is so seldom ob“ The People erect Anaxinæa, daugh

served, that every woman deficient in ter of Euceon, wife of Charmylus, on

filial piety or connubial virtue, is uniaccount of her Virtue, and Chastity,

versally reprobaled, even though of and Benevolence towards her Husband.”

the highest possible raok in society ;

and it would seem an affront to the Upon these Inscriptions he observes: fair sex to offer extraordinary re

“ What an exalted idea do these re- wards for a line of conduct, which is cords convey of the state of Society, in considered as absolutely necessary to a Country where the private virtues of be observed in order to obtain the the inhabitants were considered as pub. countenance of the world. H. W. lic benefits, and were gratefully and publicly rewarded by the Senate and

Mr. URBAN, the People. Were the filial Piety and

July 2. the Chastity of its Women thus ho- DR. Adam of lathe last edition of

Clarke, noured and rewarded even amidst the depraved State of Public Morals, in

“ Harmer's Observations on various the modern Cities of Europe-were these passages of Scripture," has, in a note Virtues estimated at a high price, each to page 175, mentioned a custom as nation might boast of an Anaxinæa and prevalent in the Fenny counties in a Suetonia.”

England, which I sball be much obliged Now, Mr. Urban, without wishing by any of your intelligent Correspondto detract from the abovementioned ents if they will have the goodness to

point out with more precision. “Fine * Dr. Clarke, Part II. Section II. pp. Nets,” says the learned Editor, 324, 325.

bung round beds in some of the Fenny



1819.) Remarks on Dr. A. Clarke. Dandy and Dandyprat. 7 counties in England, as a defence That Dandy and Dundiprat meant against the goals, which in those a term of reproach and ridicule, places are exceedingly troublesome, as above-said, we have sufficient so as wholly to prevent a person from authority for. In Cotgrave's Dicsleeping." Having bad occasiou to tionary (1650), it is defined by travel at different times through Lin- Manche d'Estille, handle of a currycolnshire, Cambridgeshire, and Essex, comb, slender little fellow, or dwarf. which I presume may be reckoned Torriano, in his Italian Dictionary, amongst the description of counties construes Dandipart by Nano, or above alluded to, without noticing Homiccuolo, a dwarf, pretty little any thing of the kind, either at the

man, or mannikin. Johnson merely ions or private houses, I have some says that Dandipart means a little doubts respecting the accuracy of the fellow, urchin ; a word sometimes above statement, which I shall be used io fondness, sometimes contempt'; glad to have removed.

and derives it from Dandin, a noddy, In the same volume of the above. or ninny. mentioned work, the Author, speak- That the word means something ing of the Persiau needle-work, and diminutive is clear, from a, child's attempting to illustrate the expression book of nonsen sical verses, out of made use of by the mother of Sisera, date many years since ; one of which in the 5th chap. of Judges, “Of di- begins, "Little Jack Dandiprat was

, “ verse colours of needle-work on both my first suitor,” &c.

And again, sides," seems not to bave known that

“ Spicky spandy, Jacky Daddy,” &c. however “ our common embroidery” But, independent of size, the word could not be accurately described on appears to define something very account of its beauty on both sides, slender; for, in Bulwer's “ Artificial the Persian peedle-work so far differs Changeling" (1653), in one of the from it, that the embroidered hand- complimentary sets of verses to the kerchiefs and napkins which are made author, after noticing various distorin the Harams, and by the Turkish tions of the human figure, he menand Persian females, are exquisitely tions one having finished on both sides ; so that the

" Eares so huge a compasse, and figures, leaves, and flowers wrought

[bies.” upon them, appear equally perfect, As men were swine, and turn'd to owlewhether viewed on one side or the

And, in contrastother. Those delicate fabrics which Lady Mary Wortley Montague and

“Sometimes with lacings and with

swaiths so strait, other travellers have described, and of which many beautiful specimens

For want of space we have a Dandiprat." have been at different times brought

And againto England of late years, confirm this • Sir Jeffries Babil, dilling petite account which I have introduced. A peccadillo of Barnabie's night, Mr. Harmer seems to have been 10- Things so pucil and small, the statute

wise acquainted with it; and Dr. Clarke bas, at least, omitted to allude to it in Exempt from coupling, being under size." bis illustrations of the text. S. T. B. And further, we find the word used

for something of little or no value, in Mr. URBAN, R-Hants, July 10. a dialogue between Comen Secretary THE word Dandipart, or Dandi- and Jelowsy (see Beloe's Anecdotes,

prat, has, we believe, not been vol. I. p. 890), where Secretary says : well defined by any author, otherwise “ Yes, but take heede by the pryce ye than by way of contempt and ridicule; have no losse. [marke for a goose. and the term Dandy, on the same prin. A mode merchaunt, that wyll gyve v ciple, at the present day, is applied

Beware a rolling ey, which waverynge to a certain set of men not unlike thought make that, [Pratt." those formerly denominated Fribbles,

And for such stuffe passe not a Dandy who, instead of supporting the dig. But to the purport of this Letter, pity and manliness of their own sex, which is principally to enquire whence incline to the delicacy and manners of the word Dandiprat or Dandipart has a female. But from what source the origin. We are told, in Camden's word Dandy is derived seems hitherto Remains, concerning Great Britain uncertain.

(1636), p. 188, that “King Henry the


broad eyes,

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Seventh stamped a small coin called while the soil which produced the Dandiprat, and first I read coined whitish-coloured poppies was so fa. Shillings.”

vourable to the growth of certain Leake, also, in his Historical Ac. plants with white flowers as to induce count of English Monies (1748), p. them to flourish there? Another 182, mentions, the same ; and the de- popular potion, which I sbould be finition of the word in Bailey's Dic- glad to see cleared up, is, that by tionary is, “a small coin made by planting mapy single or wild flowers Heory the Seventh ;” but in the reign pear double ones, the former will of that Monarch we do not find meo- become double: If this be true, it tion of any such thing, unless it be must be by the accidental mixture of possible that the farthing of this the farina. reign, in Snelling's Silver Coins, Plate I should like to know, through the II. fig. 43, being very minute, might medium of your Miscellany, what is be so nick-named.

the opinion of botanists generally I have therefore, Mr. Urban, trou- with regard to the garden-poppy. Is bled you

with the above, iu hopes that it'merely a variety of the white poppy, some of your Correspondents may papaver somniferum? I am inclined have it in their power to inform us to think not, for the wbile poppy from what source the words Dandy has some essential characteristics, and Dandiprat may have originated, among others the biguess of the capand if from a Coin, as above hinted, sule, and colour of the seed. It is what it was, and whether it had rise urged, on the other hand, that the in the reign of King Henry the Se- white poppies sown in gardens beventh, or in that of any other of the come variegated, that is, they do Kings of England.

not go on sowing themselves as white Yours, &c.

J. L. poppies. But may not this be owing

io the white kind not bearing the Mr. URBAN,

June 25. cold of winter, and the seeds perishI HAVE of late paid particular at. ing, while the seeds of the garden or

tention to the variation produced variegated poppy remain uphurt, and in Flowers by planting them in gar- spring up again in summer ? dens, in a richer soil than what they Yours, &c.

T. F. are accustomed to in a wild state; P.S. I bave seen recently many and I am convinced many popular intermediate varieties between the errors yet remain to be eradicated garden and the white poppy ; and respecting the causes and extent of many seem to have sprung from seeds this variety in the colour and multi- out of the same capsula. plication of lhe petals of plants. I shall not, at present, enter into any Mr. URBAN,

June 26. discussion respecting the causes, but ISS Porter, in a late work, speaks fallen under my notice.

she says existed in the Southern parts In two borders, contiguous to each of France in great numbers during other, some common garden poppy- the middle ages ; she also asserts that seeds were scattered. In one of these they still exist, though not so freborders, in which grew an abundance quent: to these degraded outcasts she of white flowers, all the poppies gives the name of Cabets, and de(which were double) acquired a whit. scribes them as equal in misery to the ish colour, and were only tinged with Parias of the East. An attempt is red, while in the other border, con- made to point out their origin, which taiping none but red flowers, all the may be ingenious enough, for any seeds scattered produced poppies, thing I know to the contrary, but which, though doubled, produced red until the existence of the Cahets, flowers. The vulgar opinion is, that either in former or in the present the poppies acquired their colours times, be ascertained, any explanafroin the other flowers which grew tion of that kind is obviously preimmediately about them. This, how- mature. Pray, Mr. Urban, do have ever, I disbelieve; but I propose a the kindness to upravel this koot, question : Could the soils be so dif- or cut it, if you please, by declaring ferent, from some accidental mixture, it a fiction; and you will much oblige, as to produce the variety in colour, Yours, &c. A CONSTANT READER.





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