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Hints for improving the Condition of the Poor,
a method for securing to the industrious Society, when an excellent Bible Society cottager some resources beyond mere exists already in the bosom of the estaparochial relief, at a time when strength blishment! I allude to the Society for begins to fail, and the infirmities of old Promoting Christian Knowledge. In conage creep upon him. The poor have in nection with this latter association a bemany instances formed associations or nevolent person may, if he please, exbenefit clubs among themselves, for the laust all his fortune in the distribution of relief of the members when sick ; but bibles and testaments. Why theo will in no instance, as far as I am informed, be forsake his friends and join his enehave they made provision for the de- mies? and what is the conclusion to be serving members who have been long deduced from this anomalous conduct, subscribers, when they begin to experi- but either that the church affords no ence the infirmities of nature ; yet how such facility for the distribution of the desirable that a virtuous and industrious bible, or that its prosessed friends prefer peasant should in the decline of life ex- a junction with its professed and real eneperience some of those comforts which mies, instead of with those of their own be then so much requires, without being communion ? obliged to exert himself as he did in the days of his youth! This can be effected
juvat integros accedere fontes only by an active co-operation of the Atque haurire. rich with their peorer brethren, and I
LUCRET. Lib. i. ver, 927. should humbly suggest, that in order to MR. EDITOR, create a fund for the aged, as well as to UNDER the impression that you ocsupply occasional calls, such as sickness, casionally tolerate in your liberal and every poor person who is a member judicious magazine, cursory remarks on should have some friend who should the current literature of the day, I arn subscribe a large sum, suppose 5l. or 10l. emboldened to inform you thai I have which should be immediately put out at just jumped through the “ Tracts and interest for a period of twenty years, at Miscellaneous Criticisms of the late the end of which time the accumulated Richard Porson, esg." just as feas interest thence accruing might afford a jump over the delicate flesh of the ladies. supply for the relief of the poorer inem- Never, I freely confess, upon the whole ber wben sinking into years and decrepi- was the impulse of desire more damped, tude. This thought I have also borrow or the cup of hope more peremptorily. ed from the reports of the Society for dashed from the lip. The mode of the Bettering the Poor, and I throw it out in publication, the conceit of the editor, this rude form for the purpose of draw. the confusion of the extracts, the obing forth some discussion of the measure, scure brevity of the notes, and the musty and some advice as to the best way of quaintness of the subjects in controversy, securing this provision for the use in- were not, in my estimate of the mingled tended; so that in case a benevolent merits and demerits of the volume, reperson subscribes a sum in aid of such a deemed by the insulated gleams of genius design, he may be sure the money will and of wit; though I see enough to be faithfully and conscientiously applied lament that such prodigality of talent to the intended purpose, in case he should have been so muddled away in should die or quit that country.
pedantry, clouded by a moroseness ha
CLERICUS. bitually cherished and encouraged, and Dec. 8. 1815.
worse than all stupified into drunkenP.S. Though not connected with the ness, as it too frequently was, in the stye above observations, I venture to sub- of sensuality. The character of the join a remark on the communication by editor himself, reflected in the mirror of & Clerical Member of the Bible Soriety, at this publication, is kneaded up of affecpage 390 of your last volume. The re- tation, vanity and a miraculous silliness mark is this, that the warm friends of the of mind; and his entire manner as an established church, and of its interests, author is admirably well summed up in cannot but regret when any of their two lines of that keen dissector of human brethren connect themselves with the frailties, Churchill: sectaries for the sake of advantages “ Pantomime thoughts, and style so full of which it is presumed are equally attaina trick,
ble within the pale of the established "Enough to make a Merry Andrew sick!" - church. For instance, why should a
Prophecy of Famine. conscientious clergyman, or layman of I am not ashamed to acknowledge as ibe church of England, join the Bible a married man, and the father of five
I am, &c.
1816.] Kidd's Remains of Porson-Verdicts of Coroners' Inquests. lovely as well as most promising chil
MR. EDITOR, dren, that of all the gleanings swept to WILL you permit me to direct your gether by the industry of Mr. Kidd from attention to a subject which has treibis prolific field of Porson's genius, I was quently attracted the notice of consimost delighted with the Sophoclean slide derate men--I inean the extraordinary on the ice, or, in other words, the version verdicts sometimes given in cases of suiinto Greek Iainbics of the well known cide, among which few perhaps will be nursery lines cominencing :
found more extraordinary than the one “ Three little boys went out to slide," &c. which has occasioned these remarks. A
You will find it in page 156 of the vo short time ago, a girl in this neighbourlume; how long the verses themselves, hood swore (as it is called) a child to a so exquisitely translated by the late Pro servant in a respectable family not far fessor, have been the poetical manual, from hence. Ofien, as it is said, having the intellectual leading-strings of our laughed at others who had involved themnurses, I know not; though I recollect selves in a similar scrape, he could not distinctly that they formed a part of my bear the serere retort with which he was earliest elements of instruction, and this now visited himself, and irritated beyond infantine discipline of intellect was pre- endurance at the jests and jeers of his cisely synchronous with my trial of bo- companions, he, iwo days after the dily prowess in the little-go. It may not, charge had been laid against him, delihowever, be generally known that the berately blew out his brains! A jury was English verses themselves are almost a summoned, aird after all due and becomliteral translation of a passage in a Latin ing consideration a verdict was returned Poem, entitled, “ De lacte nutricum ali- of Lunacy! How far such a verdict was mentare,” &c. written by the famous and justified by the facts, there is I believe well-known TzetzsS SHUHCAMITANTAP3, among unprejudiced men but one opiand published at Verona in 1491, by his nion. Thus is the wholesome severity of distinguished friend Paulus Fridenberger, the law evaded, and many humane but after the decease of the author.-The inconsiderate men involved in the dreadpassage runs as follows :
ful crime of perjury. Æstivi super amnis aquas, glaciemque do
If every aberration of intellect is to losam
be considered as lunacy, surely in the eye Tres pueri infantes cursu lusere sinistro;
of unprejudiced reason, he who in a fit of Submersi, periere omnes : fugere manentes passion or of drunkenness takes away Ex ipsis alii, raptæ pars unica vitæ,
bis neighbour's life, is not more responSi tamen infantes illos per jussa parentum
sible for his conduct than he who in a fit Claustra domi, et vinctos, tenuissent, aut in of spleen or of despondency destroys his aperto
own. But the evil unfortunately does Si per humum duram, et glaciales tegmine not rest here; for a most painful task is campos
thus imposed upon the officiating miQuà nullæ latuere undæ, feliciter illi nister, who is compelled to become a Tentâssent iter in terris, mille aurea nummi party to a scene which he must regard as Sponderem nequiisse illos in Aunine mergi. little else than solemn mockery. Ilov The whole poem is exceedingly cu
can an honest man who is convinced in rious, though a little obscure in detach. his own mind that his unbappy brother ed parts ; but could I cherish the has rushed into bis maker's presence
“ Unhouseled, disappointed, unaneal'd hope of securing for my labour a to
No reckoning made, but sent to his account lerably well-looking list of patrons and with all his imperfections on his head.—” subscribers, I would boldly print my pro- profane these solemn words : " For as posals for the publication of a new edi- much as it hath pleased Almighty God tion of it in this country, enriched with of his great mercy to take unto himself notes and a commentary in the same
the soul of our dear brother here demanner with which Reichardus has illus- parted.” “Blessed are the dead which trated his favourite Lycophron; though die in the Lord.” “ We give thee hearty I should tremblingly emulate the prowess thanks for that it hath pleased thee to of that deep-sighted scholar with all that take this our brother out of the miseries homage bordering on idolatry, in the of this sinful world.” Permit me on spirit of which Statius contemplated the this subject to quote a passage from Mr. footsteps of Virgil.
WHEATLEY on the Common Prayer, hop-
ing it may meet the eye of some of
than myself in ecclesiastical law, who New MONTULY MAG, -No, 25.
Mr. Read on the Hottentot Mission of Bethelsdorp.
[Feb. 1, may be able to inform me how far a Co- evidence. The best rule for the jury roner's verdict can compel a clergyman to guide themselves in such cases is, to to the performance of that which hurts judge whether the signs ofmadness that his feelings and insults his common are now pretended would avail to acquit sense.
the same person of murdering another “ This indignity (that of being refused man; if not, there is no reason why they christian burial, &c.) is to be only offered should be uryed as a plea for acquitting to those who lay violent hands upon him of murdering himself.” themselves, whilst they are of sound sense I must observe that I do not pledge and mind: for they who are deprived myself for the truth of the assertion relaof reason and understanding cannot tive to the coroner's fee: perhaps soine of contract any guilt and therefore it your readers will have the goodness to would be unreasonable to inflict upon correct this statement if it should turn thein any penalty. But then it may be out to be untrue. INVESTIGATOR. questioned, whether even these are not Dunmow, Dec. 20, 1815. exempted froin having this office read over them, since neither the rubric nor MR. EDITOR, our old ecclesiastical laws make any ex IT having been often insinuated that ception in favour of those who may kill too little attention bas been paid to the themselves in distraction, and since the civilization of the Heathen by the mise office is in several parts of it improper for sionaries in South Africa, and particusuch a case. As to the coroner's war- larly at Bethelsdorp, it may probably not rant, I take that to be no more than a be uninteresting to many of your readers certificate that the body is not demanded to learn the progress made in civilization by the law, and that therefore the rela- by the Hottentots at that settlement. tions may dispose of it as they please. The insertion of the following extract For I cannot apprehend that a coroner is from a letter on this subject written by to determine the sense of a rubrick, or Mr. Read, and dated Bethelsdorp, April, to prescribe to the minister when christian 1815, would oblige your obedieni serburial is to be used. The scandalous vant,
PHILANTHROPIST. practice of them and their inquests, not Nov. 18, 1815. withstanding the strictness of their oath, in almost constantly returning every one It appears that the government of the they sit upon to be non compos mentis' colony of the Cape had laid a consider(though the very circumstance of their able tax on Bethelsdorp. The operation murdering themselves is frequently a of this tax was greatly feared, especially proof of the soundness of their senses) suf- as (through peculiar circumstances) the ficiently shews how much the verdict of amount of two years taxes was to be these men is to be depended upon. It is paid at one time. “Remonstrances," not very difficult indeed to account for says Mr. Read," proved useless, and this, we need only to be informed, that if the only alternative was for the people a man be found a felo-de-se,' all he was to exert themselves to the utmost of their possessed of devolves to the king, to be power to raise the money. Accordingly disposed of by the lord almoner, ac- they dispersed themselves, and applied, cording to his discretion, und no fee being some to hewing and sawing, timber, allowed out of this to the coroner, it is no others to beating bark, or burning charwonder that the verdict is generally for the coal. The smith, the wheelwright, the heirs, from whom a fee is seldom wanting. carpenter, &c. all exerted themselves to They plead indeed that it is bard to give comply with the demand made on theinaway the subsistence of a family; but selves and upon their poorer relations; these gentlemen should remember that so that at the appointed time the tax was they are not sworn to be charitable, but paid,--I believe beyond all expectation; to bejust; that their business is to enquire -a sum amounting to 3,600 rix-dollars not what is convenient and proper to be (about 7001.) The people having been done with that which is forfeited, but able in so short a time to raise such a how the person caine by his death: sum by their labour, will, I trust, conwhether by another or by himself, if by vince the world that civilization bas not himself whether he was felo-de-se, or non been so much neglected at Bethelsdorp compos mentis. If it were true that no as some bave supposed, and teach them one would kill himself unless he were out not to be so censorious hereafter. of his senses, it would be to no purpose “ The day after the tax was paid, for the law to appoint so formal an en- many people being together here (at Bequiry; the fact itself would be sufficient thelsdorp,) a regular Auxiliary Mission
Scale of Poetic Excellence. ary Society was proposed and establish- the members of the missionary and bible ed. Twelve of the members were chosen societies to hear a number of Hottentot to form a committee, and subscriptions children reading the Bible as well as I were immediately made to the amount can, who ten months ago did not know of more than 800 rix-dollars, (about 16v1.) the ABC.” to be paid before the end of November.*
“ Our poor's fund has also increased considerably every Sunday, when we The following scale, which you may collect from four to eight rix.dollars, and think worthy of being republished, is sometimes more.
copied from the Town and Country Ma“ Our school fourishes exceedingly; gazine for September, 1769. The writer and I suppose we have at least 100 per- signs himself Poetikastos, and the scale, sons in want of Bibles, besides constant which he calls his poetical balance, is demands from farmers, &c.
preceded by a short introductory essay. " It would afford great satisfaction to Dec. 29, 1815.
E. O. B.
meet the public eye. On the western I WAS glad to find that your corre road alone five or six overturns of coaches spondent Viator, in your number for (he is informied) have taken place within October, had called the attention of the last two or three months, not one of your readers to the necessity of adopt- which has he yet observed that the newsing some efficient measure for the regu- papers have recorded. One coach was lation of stage-coaches. The great num overturned thrie times within a month; ber of accidents presented to our view the last time a lady had her back broken, in the public prints is truly deplorable, and soon after died, and the coachman and yet the writer is convinced that not and guard their legs dreadfully fractured. one balf of those that take place ever Another coachman overturned two dif
* Mr. Messer (another of the missiona- ferent coaches (the last the Exeter snail) ries, and secretary of the auxiliary society) on level ground, within a very little time informs me, that the number of subscribers of each other; once, if not both times, ROW is 452, and the sum subscribed 938 rix it is supposed he was asleep: providendollars, (about 1801.) More is expected. tially the passengers and himself the last
Proposed Regulations for Stage-Coaches.
time were thrown into a bog, and thus man be allowed to drive unless he proescaped unburt. Two other coaches duce approved testimonials of his chawere running against one another, when racter and fitness for his situation, or be a borse of the foremost fell down dead; a part proprietor in the coach. The the brutal driver of the second seized names and residence of each proprietor this opportunity to attempt to get a-head: to be written or printed in one or more he drove forward in the most furious conspicuous places both on the outside manner; but the road being narrow, he and inside of the coach. No luggage ran foul of the other coach and over whatever to be loaded on the roof of turned it, when much mischief ensued to the coach; and the hind wheels to be at the horses, &c. &c.--From the endless a certain distance from each other, and repetition of similar accidents, it is be- the fore-wheels the same. Of late years come absolutely necessary that the le- almost all accidents happen either by gislature should interfere, and that all the improper conduct of the driver, or coaches be subject to the immediate by loading the top of the coach with cognizance and direction of the police. luggage, or by the wheels being too close In Fra:cc (I have been told) a decent to each other. By not allowing any lugand respectable person, who accompa- gage to be placed on the top of the nies you on the journey, and takes his coach, or the too near approximation of meals with the passengers, is appointed the wheels, we should have seldom either as inspector of the coach: he sees that to lament or feel the dreadful effects of each person has his proper place in the coaches overturning. When a good wickvehicle, assigning seats to those who er basket behind and boot before, for have first taken places in that part of the reception of luggage, were used by the carriage esteemed the best, and to the coaches, we seldom heard of any acciother passengers in the next best, ac dents. If any coaches on the modern cording to the order in which the places principle be allowed to travel, they were taken: he also examines into the should be confined to the conveyance of condition of the coach and state of the the mails, that the neck-or-nothing genwheels before setting out, and at the try might have an opportunity of breakvarious stages on the road, and has the ing their necks and limbs to their own care of the luggage.
minds. As prevention is better than cure, and I would furth
propose that a coach the laws at present in force totally in- inspector be employed to accompany the efficient as preventives, I will take the various coaches that travel throughout liberty of offering a few hints upon the the kingdom ; that it be the duty of this subjeet.--I would first propose that a person to see to the placing of the pascoach police-office be established, with sengers-10 take charge of the luggage a proper number of magistrates, consta and parcelsmto examine the state of the bles, and coach-inspectors, (who should wheels and condition of the coach at be constables for the time being,) and the various stages, as well as at setting that this office take cognizance and out on the journey--to notice the behadirection of all stage and hackney coaches viour of both coachman and passengers, throughont the kingdom.
and to see that the coach is never left I would propose that the magistrates without some one to attend the horses of this office, and also any magistrate when it stops. At the end of his in the country before whom a case may journey it should be his duty to be brougbt, be invested with sufficient report any accident that may have power to decide on that case in a sum- bappened on the road, or improper beinary way; and where necessary, be haviour of either passengers or coachcompetent to impannel a jury, and to man that may have occurred. If his decide the cause in as speedy a manner journey terminate in the country, he as possible, without referring it to any should make his report to the resident other court; the act thus empowering magistrate there; if in town at the coach them always reserving the right of appeal police-office; so as that the case, of to a higher court.
whatever nature, may be investigated I would also propose that the names and setiled with as litile delay as possiand residence of all coach proprietors ble. He should likewise notice any and coachmen be registered at the coach breach of the law for the regulation of police office, and ihat the proprietors coaches, and report thereupon, and where and coachmen do enter at the same time a fine is incurred, receive one moiety of into a joint bond for the good conduct the same on conviction of the offender; of thic coachmen; and that no coach- and, as he would be a constable of the