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as an humble and contrite sinner he and tenacious. He had enjoyed but cast himself on the mercy of God little culture from education, but with through Jesus Christ, and found joy these natural powers of mind, his proand peace in believing. On Lord's day, fiting under instruction was May 2, 1813, he, with eleven others, apparent to all. He was sociable and among whom was she who afterwards affectionate, but self-relying and indebecame his wife—was baptized by his pendent. This temperament of mind father in a running stream at Whatton, disposed him to assume an air of authoa baptismal sermon being preached by rity and dictation; still he was not the Rev. Mr. Felkin of Kegworth. overbearing but kind and conciliatory.
Having thus put his hand to the It was evident, too, that he was habiplough, he never looked back. The tually pious and devotional, and he conpeople of God were his companions, the scientiously spent a considerable portion cause of God was the object of his of time in prayer in his study. His earnest solicitude. Shortly before his mind and habits of thought and applicadeath, speaking of the worldliness of tion were such at this period, as reasonsome professors of religion, he said, ably to lay a foundation for respect and “Before I knew the Lord I was entirely eminence in the Christian ministry.” the servant of sin, and I delighted in For the talents and character of his sinful company, but from the time I tutor Mr. Green entertained the highest became a Christian I have never made respect, and a mutual attachment ever a companion of an ungodly person for afterwards subsisted between them. an hour."
The church at Barton Fabis in No sooner were the friends at What- Leicestershire, being destitute of a ton satisfied that he was a renewed pastor by the death of the venerable character than they urged him to the Samuel Deacon, Mr. Green accepted exercise of his abilities in preaching, their unanimous invitation to succeed and in compliance with their desire he him, and in July, 1817, he commenced commenced to speak whenever an his labours there. On the 23rd of October opportunity presented itself, occasionally in the same year he was married to occupying his father's pulpit. These Miss Elizabeth Ayre, daughter of Mr. labours proving acceptable, and the Thomas Ayre, farmer of Coleorton, church judging that his qualifications Leicestershire, who survives him. The were such as would fit him for the church at Barton was composed of a work of the ministry, they unanimously number of branch stations lying at a recommended his being sent to the considerable distance from each other, Academy at Wisbech, then under the which made the duties of a pastor very care of the Rev. Joseph Jarrom. In onerous. Mr. Green preached regularly consequence of this he proceeded there three times on the Lord's day, walking in the autumn of 1815. In a com- from eight to ten miles, besides preaching munication to the writer from the Rev. four nights in the course of the week, J. Jones of March, a fellow student and for this purpose walking many with Mr. Green, Mr. Jones writes as miles. He laboured here with great follows, “I well remember your father's earnestness and real, and his efforts coming to Wisbech in 1815. It was were much blessed, many through his soon evident that he was a young man ministry being added to the church. of mental powers above the common Here he experienced, for the first time, order. His understanding was clear one of those visitations of mental deand correct, and his memory strong pression which in after life embittered
so much of his path. From the first laborious study of the various questions awakening of his mind he had been involved in it. Once started upon a troubled with difficulties on the Socinian train of serious thought, his mind could controversy, and now that he had not stop until it had reached the furthest become somewhat settled, these diffi- limits of its capacity, though the difficulties came upon him with increased culties which beset him in his investigaforce. Possessing a remarkable tender- tions, in relation to the divine governness of conscience, his difficulties caused ment, cost him much agonizing pain of him great distress of mind, as he long duration. It is impossible to state abhorred the idea of becoming himself all the circumstances which conduced a Socinian. At length he determined to bring this important question to a
a thorough examination of the final issue, but a devout and prayerful question, and laboured day and night study of the scriptures was not among for its solution. The conclusion at the least. Probably, too, the society which he arrived was a firm belief in into which he was thrown, which was, the true deity of Jesus Christ. But the for the most part, of persons holding effort was too much for so sensitive a sentiments denominated Calvinistic, conmind, and for a few weeks he suffered tributed in some measure, by presenting severely from mental depression. Soon, new phases of the question to his mind. however, his mind assumed its wonted The venerable Joseph Kinghorn was tone, and he pursued his ordinary then in the vigour of his days, and from labours, at the same time storing his Mr. Green's first settling in Norwich, mind with knowledge and cultivating a close intimacy and a strong attachhis intellectual powers. He continued ment was formed between them. It is, at Barton till the autumn of 1823, when, however, known that the writings of owing to a spirit of domination on the the learned Dr. Gill had a great effect part of some who claimed to exercise a upon him, although he repudiated very kind of hereditary rule, he resigned his much that Dr. Gill held. At length charge.
fully convinced that the Arminian In November of the same year he scheme is one which does not account removed to Norwich, where, unlike the for facts, and is not founded on scripture, midland counties of England, the general he avowed his change of sentiments and baptist cause has never made much resigned his charge at Priory Yard progress. His success, however, at chapel, and withdrew from the General Priory Yard chapel was very consider Baptist body. able, as both the church and congrega- Mr. Green's first intention was to tion were greatly increased. But, as leave Norwich, but a number of his well as the thought connected with pre- friends pressed him to recommence paration for the pulpit, a mind like Mr. preaching in that city; and in accordGreen's required a subject which should ance with their desire, he opened a large give scope for more extended investiga-school-room for public worship, comtion and research. The Arminian system mencing to preach on the first Lord's never appeared to him without its diffi- day after his resignation of his former culties, though somewhat modified, he charge. In this place he continued accepted it in the commencement of his many months, drawing around him a ministry as the nearest approximation goodly number, and his labours in this to the truth. Subsequent thought upon place were by no means without tokens it served to shake his faith in its sound of the divine approval. ness, and led him to an earnest and For some time previous to this period, and more or less for several years after, collision with the immense difficulties he was much employed in private teach- which the mind laboured to solve, the ing, in the classics and mathematics, thinking powers, long over-wrought, principally among the junior branches sunk at length, leaving the shattered of families in the higher walks of life. mind a prey to the workings of a conHis engagements in this way might science now a hundred-fold more active have been very lucrative, had not a than before. The most minute actions greater love to the ministry of the of childhood and youth stood before the gospel, and the necessity of time for view; a vast array of guilt that could study, caused him to decline advantage not be washed away. Ordinary transacous offers. But as it was, his labours tions in life then assumed a sinful aspect were such as none but a man of strong to the sufferer, which in other persons constitution could perform. Denying he could regard as faultless; the word himself of needful rest, from early of God became a book of terror; the morning till long after midnight, his mind incapable of receiving spiritual days were spent in ceaseless toil in consolation ; all was darkness and acquiring knowledge for himself, or in despair. Reasoning against such a state imparting it to others. Numbers now of mind is cruelty and torture inoccupying positions of high responsi- describable to one so afflicted: kindness bility as bankers, merchants, medical and commiseration, endeavouring to men, and not the least as ministers of draw the attention of the mind from the gospel, owe to him no inconsiderable itself, rest, change of scene, and conpart of their mental training.
genial associations, in time allow the In June, 1830, Mr. Green accepted mind to regain its ordinary elasticity, the unanimous invitation of the newly and all once more becomes clear and formed church now meeting at Charles peaceful. Street, Leicester, to become their pastor, In the following summer hope began intending to remove thither at the to beam, and in the autumn Mr. Green ensuing Michaelmas; but while making was induced to supply the pulpit of a preparations for this purpose, he again newly erected chapel in the vicinity of became afflicted with mental depression, Kirstead Hall, about seven miles from which compelled him to relinquish the Norwich. This place was the property undertaking, as he was for the space of of G. S. Kett, Esq., who had recently several months quite incapacitated for seceded from the church of England. preaching, indeed almost the sole mental Here the gospel was almost a novelty, exercise he could indulge in was the and many were drawn to hear it, not a study of the Greek tragedians and few of whom were savingly converted historians, an exercise not involving to God. In watering the souls of others, questions which most seriously affected his own soul was watered, his mind was him.
entirely free from gloom, and now someTo those who have never experienced thing more settled than the place of a mental depression in its darkest forms, supply appeared very desirable. Acor who have not been intimately con- cordingly Mr. Green endeavoured to nected with those who are called to find a place in Norwich suitable for a endure it, it is exceedingly difficult to permanent place of worship. A large make it intelligible. In the present and substantially built warehouse in a instance it was doubtless to be traced most eligible situation being for sale, to physical causes ; extreme sensitive- Mr. Green, single handed, bought it, and ness of conscience coming into frequent commenced immediately both to reconstruct it, and to collect funds for the Leamington in order to consult the late undertaking. The project was favour- Dr. Jephson, but during a stay there of ably thought of by his friends, and no six weeks, he found no real benefit. great difficulty was experienced in Shortly after his return home he proraising the needful amount of money. ceeded to Holland, visiting Rotterdam On the 29th of January, 1833, a neat and Amsterdam, and from thence jourand commodious house of prayer was neyed up the Rhine. This change was completed, and the opening services decidedly beneficial to him. Most evenconducted by Messrs. Brock, Puntis, ings he enjoyed some alleviation from and Alexander (independent), all of his sufferings, and as often as he did he Norwich. A church, consisting of a sallied forth to the cottages of the poor very small number, was formed and to converse with them on the interests gradually progressed in strength during of their souls. On his return home Mr. the time of Mr. Green's connexion with Green resumed his charge, and speedily them. The congregation speedly reached regained vigorous health. His minisand continued to maintain, an average trations were again much blessed, and attendance of about six hundred persons, many souls won to Christ were the fruits and additions to the church were both of his toil. frequent and numerous.
In 1841 the increasing wants of his In the summer of 1834, Mr. Green family led him to think of a removal ; received a second invitation to become and having been strongly urged by the the pastor of the church at Charles committee of the Bible Translation SoStreet, Leicester, which however he ciety to become their travelling secredeclined, and continued to labour among tary, he accepted that office, and comthe people whom he had been the means menced journeying at Christmas of the of bringing together. Besides these same year. He soon found, however, pastoral labours, for a number of years that his new calling was entirely unsuited he held the office of secretary of the to his tastes and habits. Protracted abNorfolk Association of Baptist Churches, sence from home, and the entire want in which capacity he frequently visited of opportunity for study, made him wish the various churches in the county, and again for the comparative settledness of by this means extended the circle of his a pastoral charge ; nor was he long influence and usefulness. In Norwich without an opportunity of gratifying his too, a city somewhat celebrated for the desires. The church at Charles Street, intelligence of its inhabitants, he formed Leicester, being again without a pastor, many agreeable associations with persons unanimously invited him for the third of various denominations. His con- tinie to accept that office. He acceded versational capabilities and his strong to their request, and commenced his reasoning powers, induced many to seek labours there in May, 1842. On enterhis acquaintance, in complying with ing upon his engagements in this new which he found both agreeable and sphere he soon discovered, to his deep beneficial relaxation, the want of which sorrow, that discord prevailed to a fearafter his removal from Norwich he ful extent; and, with that promptness severely felt.
which was his wont, he exerted himIn the early part of 1839 Mr. Green self to effect reconciliations, and to was again prostrated by an attack of bring about such a unanimity of spirit mental depression, which soon compelled and healthy tone of piety, as should him to lay aside all preaching for a time. become the foundation for future sucIn the spring of the same year he visited cess. His spirit was much bowed down
by the task he had undertaken, but in soon, too, after his settling in the north humble dependence on divine aid, he he experienced the ill effects of the cliwent on, and very shortly all things wore mate on his constitution. His voice, which a different aspect. The congregations never in more than thirty years' preachincreased rapidly, and from sabbath to ing had failed him, became seriously sabbath he had the happiness to preach affected, and by continued exposure the everlasting gospel to large and at- to the raw night air grew tentive audiences, and many especially and worse. Profuse hemorrhage and among the young were united to the consequent prostration of strength made church. The earnestness of the minis- a very visible alteration in his previously ter seemed to have begotten a like spirit healthy looking countenance, but no enamong the people, and the prospect was treaty could induce him to take rest till that of many years of usefulness and physical inability compelled him. In happiness ; but a circumstance arose, the summer of 1851 his medical adviser trivial in itself, which led to consequences strongly urged a change of air and most deplorable. Conduct very similar scene. In July of the same year the to that which drove the godly Jonathan church appointed him as their represenEdwards from Northampton was mani. tative to the Triennial Convention of fested here. The disappointment of his German Baptist Churches, to be held in hopes and prayers, and the wreck of Hamburgh; and accordingly on the 15th moral principle which he witnessed, July, in company with J. L. Angas, Esq., were more than he could bear, and he sailed for the continent. Having plunged him again into the depths of attended all the meetings with very despair, more bitter and more protracted great pleasure, he proceeded to Copenthan any he had before known, and in hagen, to visit his daughter, the wife of May, 1846, he was incapable of proceed- the Rev. A. P. Förster, who resides there, ing with his ministerial engagements. and returned home by way of HamFor many months he did not preach at burgh. This visit was very beneficial to all, but whenever relief was afforded to his health ; his former lassitude and him he accepted invitations to preach at feebleness were exchanged for a large various places in Leicester and its neigh-degree of health, and his spirit was bourhood.
much cheered by the sight of the great His mind having very much recovered work which the Lord is carrying on by its usual vigour, in February, 1849, Mr. the baptists in Germany, especially by Green accepted the unanimous invita- the church in Hamburg. tion of the church at Newcourt, New- pect again appeared promising, and Mr. castle-on-Tyne, to become their pastor. Green entered afresh on his engageBy a series of disastrous events this ments. But the event was otherwise. church had been brought almost to the On the first Lord's day in September verge of extinction, and on accepting Mr. Green administered the ordinance their invitation he calculated that that of baptism, and, remaining too long in success which had invariably attended the water, took cold, from the effects of his ministrations elsewhere would not which he never recovered. With some be wanting here. In this, however, he interruption, however, he continued to was to a great extent disappointed. The preach till the first Lord's day in Fecongregation and the church were con- bruary, 1852, though often, as he aftersiderably increased, but he felt very wards said, at the risk of his life ; for painfully that, at least in appearance, he when to others he seemed to be preachwas labouring very much in vain. Very ing with his usual earnestness, to him