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hesns and Sardis, from which I endea-, To this question I received no answer. ared to dissuade him, in his present state In the mean time, Suleiman returned with

indisposition - but in vain : there ap- the water, leaving the serragee and the ared to be an oppression on his mind, and horses at the fountain. The quenching of solemnity in his manner, which ill cor- his thirst had the appearance of reviving sponded with his eagerness to proceed on him for a moment; I conceived hopes hat I regarded as a mere party of pleasure, of his being able to proceed, or at least to ttle suited to a valetudinarian; but I op- return, and I urged the attempt. He was ised him no longer – and in a few days silent- and appeared to be collecting his e set off together, accompanied only by spirits for an effort to speak. He began. serrugee and a single janizary.

"This is the end of my journey, and of We had passed balf-way towards the re-iny life-I came here to die: but I have a ains of Ephesus, leaving behind ns the request to make, a command - for such my ore fertile environs of Smyrna, and were last words must be.-Yon will observe it?” atering upon that wild and tenantless track “Most certainly; but have better hopes." trough the marches and defiles which lead “I have no hopes, nor wishes, but this

the few huts yet lingering over the bro-conceal my death from every human being." en columns of Diana — the roofless walls "I hope there will be no occasion; that f expelled Christianity, and the still more you will recover, and—” cent but complete desolation of abandoned "Peace! it must be so: promise this." josqnes - when the sudden and rapid ill “I do." ess of my companion obliged us to halt at "Swear it by all that” – Ile here dictated

Turkish cemetery, the turbaned tomb- an oath of great solemnity. tones of which were the sole indication that “There is no occasion for this, I will obaman life had ever been a sojourner in serve your request;- and to doubt me is—" his wilderness. The only caravanserai we "It cannot be helped, you must swear." iad seen was left some hours behind ns; I took the oath: it appeared to relieve jot a vestige of a town, or even cottage, him. He removed a seal-ring from his ras within sight or hope, and this “city finger, on which were gome Arabic characof the dead" appeared to be the sole refuge ters, and presented it to me. He proceededor my unfortunate friend, who seemed on “On the ninth day of the month, at noon he verge of becoming the last of its in- precisely (what month you please, but sabitants.

this must be the day), you must fling this In this situation, I looked round for a ring into the salt springs which run into place where he might most conveniently the Bay of Eleusis : the day after, at the epose : -- contrary to the usual aspect of same hour, you must repair to the ruins of Mahometan burial-grounds, the cypresses the temple of Ceres, and wait one hour." were in this few in number, and these thinly| “Why?” cattered over its extent: the tombstones "You will see." were mostly fallen, and worn with age! “The ninth day of the month, you say ?” ipon one of the most considerable of these, "The ninth." ind beneath one of the most spreading trees, As I observed that the present was the Darvell supported himself, in a half-reclin- ninth day of the month, his countenance ing posture, with great difficulty. He changed, and he paused. As he sate, eviished for water. I had some doubts of our dently becoming more feeble, a stork, with being able to find any, and prepared to go a snake in her beak, perched upon a tombin search of it with hesitating despondency- stone near us, and, without devouring her but he desired me to remain; and, turning prey, appeared to be stedfastly regarding to Suleiman, our janizary, who stood by us. I know not what impelled me to drive us smoking with great tranquillity, he said, it away, but the attempt was useless ; she "Suleiman, verbana su" (i. e. bring some made a few circles in the air, and returned water ), and went on describing the spot exactly to the same spot. Darvell pointed where it was to be found with great minute to it, and smiled: he spoke-I know not ness, at a small well for camels, a few whether to himself or to me--but the words hundred yards to the right : the janizari were only, “ 'Tis well!” obeyed. I said to Darvell,“flow did you know “What is well? what do you mean?" this?”—He replied, “From our situation ; “No matter: you must bury me here you must perceive that this place was once this evening, and exactly where that bird inhabited, and could not have been so with is now perched. You know the rest of my out springs: I have also been here before.” | injunctions."

"You have been here before !-How came. He then proceeded to give me several you never to mention this to me? and what directions as to the manner in which his could you be doing in a place where no one death might be best concealed. After these would remain a moment longer than they were finished, he exclaimed, "You perceive could help it?"

that bird ?"

“Certainly."

| that he had no opportunity of receiving i “And the serpent writhing in her beak?" Junperceived. The day was declining, the

“Doubtless: there is nothing uncommon body was rapidly altering, and nothing in it; it is her natural prey. But it is mained but to fulfil his request. With the odd that she does not devour it."

aid of Suleiman's ataghan and my ow He smiled in a ghastly manner, and said, sabre, we scooped a shallow grave ape faintly, “It is not yet time!” As he spoke, the spot which Darvell had indicated : the stork flew away. My eyes followed earth easily gave way, having already re it for a moment, it could hardly be longer ceived some Mahometan tenant. We da than ten might be counted. I felt Darvell's as deeply as the time permitted us, al weight, as it were, increase upon my throwing the dry earth upon all that shoulder, and, turning to look upon his mained of the singular being so lately és face, perceived that he was dead!

parted, we cut a few sods of greener I was shocked with the sudden certainty from the less withered soil around us, a which could not be mistaken — his coun- laid them upon his sepulchre. tenance in a few minutes became nearly Between astonishment and grief, I w black. I should have attributed so rapid tearless a change to poison, had I not been aware

LETTER

TO

J. MURRAY, ESQ. ON THE REV. W. L. BOWLES STRICTURES

ON THE
LIFE AND WRITINGS OF POPE.

"I'll play at Bowls with the sun and moon."

OLD Song.
“My mother's anld, Sir, and she has rather forgotten
hersel in speaking to my Leddy, that canna weel bide
to be contradickit (as I ken naebody likes it is they could
help themsels).

Tales or my LANDLORD, vol. u. p. 163.

RAVENNA, February 7th, 1821. | Italy ;-1 do “remember the circumstance,

-and have no reluctance to relate it (since DEAR SIR,

called upon so to do) as correctly as the In the different pamphlets which you distance of time and the impression of have had the goodness to send me, on the tervening events will permit me. In Pope and Bowles controversy, I perceive year 1812, more than three years after 18 that my name is occasionally introduced publication of “English Bards and Scho by both parties. Mr. Bowles refers more Reviewers," I had the honour of meeting than once to what he is pleased to consider | Mr. Bowles in the house of our veneral "a remarkable circumstance," not only in host the author of “Human Life," the... his letter to Mr. Campbell, but in his Argonaut of classic English poetry, aneb reply to the Quarterly. The Quarterly Nestor of our inferior race of living porn also and Mr. Gilchrist have conferred on Mr. Bowlescalls this “goon after" the part me the dangerous honour of a quotation; lication ; but to me three years app and Mr. Bowles indirectly makes a kind of a considerable segment of the immorta appeal to me personally, by saying, "Lord of a modern poem. I recollect nothing Byron, if he remembers the circumstance, the rest of the company going into a will witness-(witness IN ITALIC, an omin-room”-nor, though I well reigend ous character for a testimony at present.) topography of our host's elegant and

I shall not avail myself of a "non mi sically furnished mansion, could I ricordo" even after so long a residence into the very room where the conven

another

Lover

urred, though the “taking doun the sand with some on terms of intimacy ;” and m” seems to fix it in the library. Had that he knew “one family in particular to veen “taken up" it would probably have whom its suppression would give pleasure." n in the drawing-room. I presume also I did not hesitate one moment, it was cant the “remarkable circumstance” took celled instantly; and it is no fault of mine ce after dinner, as I conceive that nei- that it has ever been republished. When r Mr. Bowles's politeness nor appetite I left England, in April, 1816, with no uld have allowed him to detain the very violent intentions of troubling that t of the company" standing round their country again, and amidst scenes of various tirs in the "other room" while we were kinds to distract my attention, almost my cussing "the Woods of Madeira" instead last act, I believe, was to sign a power circulating its vintage. Of Mr. Bowles's of attorney, to yourself, to prevent or suppod humour” I have a full and not un-press any attempts (of which several had iteful recollection; as also of his gentle-| been made in Ireland) at a republication. nly manners and agreeable conversa- It is proper that I should state, that the n. I speak of the whole, and not of par-persons with whom I was subsequently ulars; for whether he did or did not acquainted, whose names had occurred in : the precise words printed in the pam- that publication, were made my acquaintlet, I cannot say, nor could he with ances at their own desire, or through the curacy. Of "the tone of seriousness" I unsought intervention of others. I never, tainly recollect nothing: on the con- to the best of my knowledge, sought a ry, I thought Mr. Bowles rather dis-personal introduction to any. Some of sed to treat the subject lightly; for he them to this day I know only by corresd (I have no objection to be contradicted pondence; and with one of those it was incorrect), that some of his good-natured begun by myself, in consequence, however, ends had come to him and exclaimed, of a polite verbal communication from a h! Bowles! how came you to make the third person oods of Madeira tremble?" and that he had I have dwelt for an instant on these ciren at some pains and pulling down of cumstances, because it has sometimes been e poem to convince then that he had made a subject of bitter reproach to me ver made “the Woods” do any thing of to have endeavoured to suppress that satire. e kind. He was right, and I was wrong, I never shrunk, as those who know me d have been wrong still up to this ac- know, from any personal consequences owledgment; for I ought to have looked which could be attached to its publication. ice before I wrote that which involved of its subsequent suppression, as I possessed inaccuracy capable of giving pain. The the copyright, I was the best judge and ct was, that although I had certainly the sole master. The circumstances which fore read “the Spirit of Discovery," I occasioned the suppression I have now ok the quotation from the Review. But stated; of the motives, each must judge e mistake was mine, and not the Review's, according to his candour or malignity. hich quoted the passage correctly enough, Mr. Bowles does me the honour to talk of believe. I blundered - God knows how "noble mind," and "generous magnaniminto attributing the tremors of the lovers ity;" and all this because “the circumthe “Woods of Madeira,” by which they stance would have been explained had not ere surrounded. And I hereby do fully the book been suppressed." I see no “10id freely declare and asseverate, that the bility of mind” in an act of simple justice; foods did not tremble to a kiss, and that and I hate the word "magnanimity," bele lovers did. I quote from memory canse I have sometimes seen it applied to

A kiss

the grossest of impostors by the greatest Stole on the list ning silence,

of fools; but I would have “explained the They (the lovers) trembled,

circumstance,” notwithstanding "the supnd if I had been aware that this decla- pression of the book,” if Mr. Bowles had ition would have been in the smallest expressed any desire that I should. As the gree satisfactory to Mr. Bowles, I should “gallant Galbraith” says to “Baillie Jart have waited nine years to make it, vie,” “Well, the devil take the mistake twithstanding that - English Bards and and all that occasioned it.” I have had otch Reviewers” had been suppressed as great and greater mistakes made about me time previously to my meeting him me personally and poetically, once a month

Mr. Rogers's. Our worthy host might for these last ten years, and never cared ideed have told him as much, as it was very much about correcting one or the This representation that I suppressed it. other, at least after the first eight and

new edition of that lampoon was prepar- forty hours had gone over them. lg for the press, when Mr. Rogers repre- I must now, however, say a word or inted to me, that "I was now acquainted two about Pope, of whom you have my ith many of the persons mentioned in it, opinion more at large in the unpublished letter on or to (for I forget which) the have lent his talents to such a task. editor of “Blackwood's Edinburgh Maga- he had been a fool, there would have be zine; ”- and here I doubt that Mr. Bowles some excuse for him; if he had been will not approve of my sentiments

needy or a bad man, his conduct ta Although I regret' having published have been intelligible: but he is the op “English Bards and Scotch Reviewers," the site of all these, and thinking and feeli part which I regret the least is that which as I do of Pope, to me the whole thing regards Mr. Bowles with reference to Pope. unaccountable. However, I must call thi Whilst I was writing that publication, in by their right names. I cannot call 1807 and 1808, Mr. Hobhouse was desirous edition of Pope a "candid” work; ast that I should express our mutual opinion still think that there is an affectatin of Pope, and of Mr. Bowles's edition of his that quality not only in those volume, works. As I bad completed my outline, in the pamphlets lately published. and felt lazy, I requested that he would do so. He did it. His fourteen lines on

“Why yet he doth deny his prisoners Bowles's Pope are in the first edition of Mr. Bowles says, that "he has seen pai “English Bards and Scotch Reviewers;" ges in his letters to Martha Blount wki and are quite as severe and much more were never published by me, and I ha poetical than my own in the second. On never will be by others; which are reprinting the work, as I put my name to gross as to imply the grossest licentina it, 1 omitted Mr. Hobhouse's lines, and ness.” Is this fair play? It may, or item replaced them with my own, by which the not be that such passages exist; and work gained less than Mr. Bowles. I have Pope, who was not a monk, although stated this in the preface to the second catholic, may have occasionally sinned edition. It is many years since I have word and in deed with woman in his you read that poem; but the Quarterly Review, but is this a sufficient ground for such Mr. Octavius Gilchrist, and Mr. Bowles sweeping denunciation ? Where is the 1 himself, have been so obliging as to refresh married Englishman of a certain rank my memory, and that of the public. I am life, who provided he has not taken 8 grieved to say, that in reading over those ders) has not to reproach himself betret lines, I repent of their having so far fallen the ages of sixteen and thirty with 1 short of what I meant to express upon the more licentiousness than has ever yet bed subject of Bowles's edition of Pope's Works. traced to Pope? Pope lived in the pukul Mr. Bowles says, that “Lord Byron knows eye from his youth upwards; he hadd he does not deserve this character." I the dunces of his own time for his eternit know no such thing. I have met Mr. Bowles and, I am sorry to say, some, who ha! occasionally, in the best society in Lon- not the apology of dulness for detractie don; he appeared to me an amiable, well since his death; and yet to what do all di informed, and extremely able man. I desire accumulated hints and charges amount? nothing better than to dine in company to an equivocal liaison with Martha Blous with such a mannered man every day in which might arise as much from his inin the week: but of “his character” I know ities as from his passions; to a bopedie nothing personally; I can only speak to flirtation with Lady Mary W. Montant his manners, and these have my warmest to a story of Cibber's; and to two or ta approbation. But I never judge from man-coarse passages in his works. Who coul ners, for I once had my pocket picked by come forth clearer from an invidion the civilest gentleman I ever met with; quest on a life of fifty-six years! "I and one of the mildest persons I ever saw are we to be officiously reminded of all Was Ali Pacha. OfMr. Bowles's “character” passages in his letters, provided that I I will not do him the injustice to judge exist. Is Mr. Bowles awaro to what from the edition of Pope, if he prepared rummaging among “letters" and "sto it heedlessly; nor the justice, should it be might lead? I have myself seen a cou otherwise, because I would neither become tion of letters of another eminent, a literary executioner, nor a personal one. pre-eminent, deceased poet, so abom Mr. Bowles the individual, and Mr. Bowles gross, and elaborately coarse, tha the editor, appear the two most opposite not believe that they could be parala things imaginable.

in our language. What is more stramp "And he himself one--antithesis."

is, that some of these are couchet

postscripts to his serious and sentir I won't say "vile,” because it is harsh; letters, to which are tacked either a nor “mistaken,” because it has two sylla of prose, or some verses, of the most bles too many: but every one must fill up I perbolical indecency. He himsel the blank as he pleases.

that if "obscenity (using a mucho What I saw of Mr. Bowles increased my word) be the sin against the Ho surprise and regret that he should ever he most certainly cannot be saved.

y cannot be saved. The

ers are in existence, and have been seen cant moral; but always cant, multiplied many besides myself; but would his through all the varieties of life. It is the or have been "candid” in even alluding fashion, and while it lasts will be too them ? Nothing would have even pro- powerful for those who can only exist by ced me, an indifferent spectator, to allude taking the tone of the time. I say cant, them, but this further attempt at the because it is a thing of words, without reciation of Pope.

the smallest influence upon human actions; What should we say to an editor of the English being no wiser, no better, and dison, who cited the following passage much poorer, and more divided amongst m Wal pole's letters to George Montagu ? themselves, as well as far less moral, than r. Young has published a new book. they were before the prevalence of this . Addison sent for the young Earl of verbal decorum. This hysterical horror arwick, as he was dying, to show him of poor Pope's not very well ascertained what peace a Christian could die; un- and never fully proved amours (for even kily he died of brandy: nothing makes Cibber owns that he prevented the someChristian die in peace like being maud- what perilous adventure in which Pope

! but don't say this in Gath where you was embarking) sounds very virtuous in 2." Suppose the editor introduced it a controversial pamphlet; but all men of th this preface: “One circumstance is the world who know what life is, or at entioned by Horace Walpole, which if least what it was to them in their youth, he was indeed flagitious. Walpole in- must langh at such a ludicrouts foundation rms Montagu that Addison sent for the of the charge of "a libertine sort of love;" ung Earl of Warwick, when dying, to while the more serious will look upon ow him in what peace a Christian could those who bring forward such charges e; but unluckily he died drunk.” Now, upon an insulated fact, as fanatics or hythough there might occur on the subse- pocrites, perhaps both. The two are someaent, or on the same page, a faint show times compounded in a happy mixture.

disbelief, seasoned with the expression Mr. Octavius Gilchrist speaks rather "the same candour" (the same exactly irreverently of a “second tumbler of hot throughout the book), I should say white-wine-negns." What does he mean? at this editor was either foolish or false Is there any harm in negus? or is it the • his trust; such a story onght not to worse for being hot? or does Mr. Bowles ave been admitted, except for one brief drink negus? I had a better opinion of nark of crushing indignation, unless it him. I hoped that whatever wine he drank ere completely proved. Why the words was neat; or at least, that like the ordiif true ?” that "ifis not a peace-maker. nary in Jonathan Wild, "he preferred punch, Thy talk of “Cibber's testimony” to his the rather as there was nothing against it centiousness; to what does this amount? | in Scripture." I should be sorry to believe jat Pope when very young was once de-that Mr. Bowles was fond of negus; it is pyed by some nobleman and the player to such a "candid” liquor, so like a wishy

house of carnal recreation. Mr. Bowles washy compromise between the passion for 'as not always a clergyman; and when wine and the propriety of water. But dife was a very young man, was he never ferent writers have divers tastes. Judge educed into as much? If I were in the Blackstone composed his “Commentaries" amour for storytelling, and relating little (he was a poet too in his youth) with a necdotes, I could tell a much better story bottle of port before him. Addison's conf Mr. Bowles, than Cibber's, upon much versation was not good for much till he etter authority, viz. that of Mr. Bowles had taken a similar dose. Perhaps the imself. It was not related by him in my prescription of these two great men was resence, but in that of a third person, not inferior to the very different one of a rhom Mr. Bowles, names oftener than once soi-disant poet of this day, who after wann the course of his replies. This gentle-dering amongst the hills, returns, goes to tan related it to me as a humourous bed, and dictates his verses, being fed by nd witty anecdote; and so it was, what- a bystander with bread and butter during ver its other characteristics might be the operation. But should I, for a youthful frolic, brand I now come to Mr. Bowles's "invariable Ir. Bowles with a “libertine sort of love," principles of poetry." These Mr. Bowles Twith “licentiousness ?” Is he the less and some of his correspondents pronounce low a pions or å good man, for not hav- "unanswerable ;” and they are "unanswerng always been a priest? No such thing; ed," at least by Campbell, who seems to am willing to believe him a good man, have been astounded by the title. The Imost as good a man as Pope, but no better. sultan of the time being offered to ally

The truth is, that in these days the himself to a king of France, because “he grand “primum mobile” of England is cant; hated the word league;" which proves ant political, cant poetical, cant religious, I that the Padisha understood French. Mr.

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