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was deputy clerk of the crown and Brunswick herald, m. Alice, daughter of Samuel Severn,” of Shrewsbury, by whom he had,

1. Charles Frewen, only son, b. 23rd January, 1733, succeeded his father as deputy clerk of the crown, m. 8th September, 1774, his cousin, (hereafter mentioned) Anne, daughter of Thomas Frewen, of Northiam, by whom he had no issue. He d. in October, 1791. 1. Elizabeth Frewen, only daughter, b. 8th January, 1736, d. unmarried in December, 1763, and is buried in St. George's, Queen Square, London. Charles d. in December, 1762, and is buried in St. George's, Queen Square, London. Thomas Frewen was buried at Northiam, 17th June, 1731, and succeeded by his eldest Son, Thomas FREwen, esq. of the Church House, bapt. 29th January, 1691, m. Sarah,

only daughter of Peter Bishop, esq. of

Newenden, in Kent, and by her (who was buried at Northiam, 6th January, 1769,) had issue, Thomas, b. 23rd August, 1729, d. at Canterbury, 7th April, 1742, and is buried in the cathedral cloisters. CHARLEs, of Northiam and of St. Thomas, in South Carolina, bapt. 29th September, 1733, m. at the church of St. Thomas, 10th February, 1767, Anne, daughter of Francis Simmons, of South Carolina, and d. without issue in October, 1787. William, bapt. 27th April, 1741, d. 3rd July, 1760, buried at Northiam. Mary, bapt. 23rd March, 1726, m. 15th January, 1750, Rev. William Lord, rector of Northiam.4 Elizabeth, bapt. 11th August, 1731, m. 23rd May, 1754, John Jenkins, of Christ Church, Newgate Street, London. Sarah, b. 29th April, 1736, d. unm. 6th Dec. 1763, buried at St. George's, Queen Square, London. Martha, b. 10th September, 1738, d. unm. and was buried at Northiam, 7th July, 1768. Anne, b. 3rd August, 1743, married first, her cousin, Charles Frewen ; secondly, Admiral Charles Buckner, brother of John Buckner, D. D.

* See an account of the Severn family in another part of this work.

t Grandfather of the Rev. William Edward Lord, present rector of Northiam.

Bishop of Chichester, by neither of whom she had issue. Thomas Frewen was buried at Northiam. 29th January, 1767, and was succeeded by his second son, CHARLEs FREwen, esq. at whose death, without issue, in 1787, his three surviving sisters, Mrs. Lord, Mrs. Jenkin, and Mrs. Buckner, became his co-heirs, while the representation of the family devolved upon the line of his great uncle, The Rev. Tha Nkful FREwen, who was bapt. 2nd February, 1669, and succeeded his father in the rectory of Northiam. He m. Sarah, daughter of Captain Luke Spenser, of Cranbrook, in Kent, and by her (who d. at Northiam, 4th August, 1734, and is there buried) had issue, 1. Joh N, bapt. 17th August, 1702, vicar of Fairlight, and rector of Guestling, m. Margaret, Atkins, by whom he had no issue. He was buried at Guestling in April, 1743. 11. Thomas, of whom presently. iii. Edward, b. 24th September, 1709, a medical man, of Pater Noster Row, London, afterwards of Robertsbridge, Sussex, m. first, Mary, daughter of Henry Stevens, of Culham, Berkshire, and by her, who d. 4th March, 1754, had no issue. He m. secondly, Pallatia, daughter of the Rev. Simeon Ash, of Salehurst, and relict of the Rev.William Jenkin, rector of Herstmoncieux, in Sussex, by her also had no issue. He d. 9th February, 1787, is buried at Northiam. 1. Mary, b. 2nd September, 1700, m. Robert Eyres; d. 12th April, 1765, and was buried at Northiam. ii. Winifred, b. 18th October, 1706, d. unm. 26th May, 1741, buried at Northiam. iii. Sarah, b. 18th April, 1711, m. Edmund Chittenden, of Northiam. iv. Selina, b. 28th April, 1714, m. Richard Batchellor, of Northiam, surgeon, and d. in December, 1751. Rev. Thanksul Frewen died 2nd September, 1749, and was buried at Northiam. His second son, Thomas FREwen, b. 20th June, 1704, first practised as a surgeon at Rye, and afterwards, in 1755, took the degree of M.D. He was author of a treatise on “The practice and Theory of Innoculation, London, 1749.” He m. Philadelphia, daughter of Joseph Tucker, of Rye, by whom he had 1SSue, Thomas, b. at Rye, 12th February, 1740. He m. at Winchelsea, Miss Beevor, by whom he had issue, one daughter, Eleanor Frewen, who died an infant. He died and was buried at Rye in 1773.

Dr. Frewen died 18th December, 1831, possessed of considerable landed property, which he had purchased in various places.

Edward, of whom presently. Samuel, d. young. Philadelphia, b. 16th December, 1750, and is still living and unmarried at Northiam, being in her eighty-eighth year. . Frewen died in June, 1790, and was e - o: Soon His second but eldest | 3rd, quarterly; 1st and 4th, argent a cross Edward FREwen, in holy orders, b. 27th crosslett, fitchèe sable; 2nd and 3rd azure, October, 1744, was a fellow and tutor of three congors' heads erased, or, for Scott, St. John's College, Cambridge, for several of Congerhurst.” years, and subsequently accepted the recto Crest A demi-lion rampant argent, lanries of Frating cum thorington, in Essex, gued, and collared gules, bearing in its paws in the gift of that college. He took the de a galltrap azure. gree of D.D. in 1792. Dr. Frewen m. 25th Motto—Mutare non est meum. June, 1789, Sally, daughter of the Rev. Ri- Estates—In the counties of Berks, Buckchard Moreton, of Little Moreton Hall, in ingham, Essex, and Sussex. Cheshire, (see the account of this family in another volume of this work,) by whom (who survived him, and d. 3rd May, 1835) he had issue, Moreton-John-Edward, present proprietor.

Arms—Quarterly ; 1st and 4th, ermine four bars azure, a demi-lion rampant, proper, issuant in chief, for FREwen. 2nd and

* Mr. Moreton Frewen is joint representative with Mr. Frewen of Brickwall, of the ancient family of Scott, of Congerhurst. See an account of this family, p. 663.


FREWEN, THOMAS, esq. of Brickwall House, Northiam, Sussex, b. at Cold Overton Hall, Leicestershire, 26th August, 1811, m. 4th October, 1832, Anne, youngest child of W. Wilson Carus Wilson, esq. of Casterton Hall, Westmoreland, and has issue,

Joh N, b. 20th March, 1837.


Mr. Frewen who assumed the name of Turner, on coming of age in 1832, laid it aside again in 1837, on discovering that the limitations in the will of John Turner, compelling the inheritor of his Leicestershire estates to assume his name, were no longer binding. Mr. Frewen is a magistrate for the counties of Leicester and Rutland, and was returned to parliament for the southern division of Leicestershire, in 1835, but obliged by ill health to resign his seat at the end of a twelvemonth.

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+ Gibson’s Chronicon Saxonicum, p. 77.

or demi god, Woden ; without contending for the authenticity of this pedigree, it will be sufficient to state in proof of its antiquity, that Asserius Menevensis, who wrote about the year 880, quotes it as a very ancient record in his day. That a family of the name existed in the county of Worcester, about the time of the Norman conquest, we have incidental no| tice from William of Malmesbury, who in


his life of St. Wolstan, the last Saxon Bishop of Worcester, relates an absurd story in which one Frewen a chaplain of his, is described as playing no very creditable part." Wolstan was appointed to the bishoprick in 1062. Rich ARD FREwen, living in 1430, was bailiff of Worcester in 1473.1 He was one of the principal benefactors that assisted Sir Reginald Bray in restoring the abbey church of Great Malvern, of which monastery his relative, Richard Frewen, was prior, about 1480.1 The effigies of him and his wife in stained glass were inserted in the abbey windows. § He was father of Richard FREwen de Forthey, buried at Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, in 1546. He had three sons, 1. Richard, of whom presently. ii. Roger, of Ripple and Hill Cromb, buried at Earls Cromb in 1559, leaving the following children, 1. Richard, of Hill Cromb, buried there in 1564, leaving, Richard, b. 1565, Anna, b. 1561, }a in 1573. Maria, b. 1563, 2. George. 3. Stephen. 1. Katherine, m. at Hanley Castle in 1567, William Dawson. 2. Agnes. 111. George, of Hanley Castle, buried there 1568, leaving one daughter, Frances. The eldest son, Richa RD FREwen, had by his wife, Margaret, (who died in 1598,) with other children, 1. Francis, b. 1558, buried at Hanley Castle, 1606. 11. Joh N, of whom presently. 111. Richard, b. 1568, buried at Northiam 1609. Richard Frewen d. 17th May, 1584, and was buried at Hanley Castle, where a plain

* Wharton's Anglia Sacra, vol. ii. p. 260. t Nash's Worcestershire. Appendix, p. ciz. + Nash's Worcestershire, vol. ii. p. 124. § Nash, vol. ii. p. 130. | Nash's Worcestershire, vol. i. p. 563. * Wood's Athen. Oxon. vol. ii. p. 664. ** As there exists a mistake respecting the place of this prelate's birth, (Wood stating that he was born in Kent,) it may be well to add, that it took place in an old house at Northiam, now used as a farm house, and called “Carriers;” it was at that time the residence of his father, John Frewen, there being no glebe house belonging to the living. t t This eminent person, who became so distinguished a churchman, was educated in the free

stone on the ground near the south wall of the church, commemorates his death and that of his son Francis. || His second son, Joh N FREwen, bapt. 1st July, 1560, was an intimate friend of Sir Thomas Coventry, of Cromb Dabitot, his near neighbour, and a judge of the Court of Common Pleas, through whose influence with Lord Chancellor Bromley, of Holt, he was, in 1583, presented to the rectory of Northiam, in Sussex, which was then in the gift of the crown, in consequence of the patron (Anthony Viscount Montagu) being a Catholic. John Frewen died at Northiam, 2nd May, 1628. He was a learned puritan divine, and author of various works, of which we have only notice of the following:—'s 1. Certayne fruitful Instructions and necessary Doctrine to edifying in the Fear of God; dedicated to Sir Thomas Coventery. London, 1587. 2. Certayne fruitful Instructions, for the general Cause of the Reformation against the Slanders of the Pope and the League. London, 1589. 3. Certayne Sermons on the XI. Chapter of St. Paul his Epistle to the Romanes; dedicated to Thomas Coventery, esq. of Cromb Dabitot, (afterwards Lord Keeper). London, 1612. 4. Certayne Choise Grounds and Principles of our Christian Religion ; dedicated to Sir Thomas Coventery, Attorney General. London, 1622. By his first wife, Eleanor, who was buried at Northiam, 8th September, 1606, he had seven children as follow, and by his second wife, Helen, daughter of Miles Hunt, of Sandhurst, in the county of Kent, married 7th October, 1607, buried 8th May, 1617, five more: the issue of the first marriage were, 1. Accepted,” b. at Northiam, and there bapt. 26th May, 1538, an eminent divine; died Archbishop of York, unm. 28th March, 1664. H

school at Canterbury, from which he was removed to Magdalen College, Oxford, in the year 1604, where he was placed under the tuition of Anthony Chibnal,' a fellow of the college, and one strongly biassed in favour of the puritans, though he afterwards took a contrary part: soon after he was made a demi of the college, took his degree B.A. January 25, 1608, and M.A. May 23, 1612: having made great proficiency in logic and philosophy, he was elected probationer fellow of the college, July 22, 1612, about which time he took orders, became a frequent preacher, and was also divinity reader in the same college: he proceeded to the degree B.D. July 8, 1619.” In 1620, he went as chaplain with John, Lord

Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, p. 123. Vindication of Dr. Frewen, 8vo. London, 1743, p. 9. 7 Compare Walker's Suff. of Clergy, part ii. p. 248, with Vindication of Dr. Frewen, p. 9.

* Le Neve's Protestant Archbishops, p. 250.

11. THANKFUL, b. at Northiam, and there bapt. 5th September, 1591. He became purse bearer and secretary to Lord Keeper Coventry. He purchased of Francis, Viscount Montacute, in 1628, the presentation, and in 1637, the advowson of Northiam. He died unm. in London, 30th November, 1656, and was buried in the chancel at Northiam in December following.

iii. John, b. January, 1593, died January, 1594.

iv. John, bapt. 8th February, 1595, m. 15th April, 1623, Dorothea, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Scott, of Goateley, in the parish of Northiam, succeeded his father in the rectory of Northiam, 1628, to which he was presented by his brother, Thankful, and died and was buried there, 27th January, 1654. From him descend the Frewens of Ilmer.

V. Joseph, bapt. 4th June, 1598, buried 2nd November, 1602.

v1. Stephen, of whom presently.

Digby, the ambassador into Germany, and in 1622, accompanied him (then created Earl of Bristol) in the same capacity, to the court of Spain, where he was when Prince CHARLEs came to Madrid as the suitor of the Infanta: he preached before the prince from the text 1 Kings xviii. 21, “How long halt ye between two opinions? If the Lord be God, follow him: but if Baal, then follow him.” The Catholics were fully impressed with the idea that Charles was quite prepared to return to their faith, and he was continually appealed to on the subject:" this sermon intended to confirm him in the Protestant religion, made a lasting impression, for on his accession to the throne, he called for Frewen by name, and put him into the list of his chaplains with his own hand." In 1625, he was made a prebendary of Canterbury; and on the death of Dr. Langton was elected president of Magdalen College, October 24, 1626, and compounded for his degree D.D. December 16th in that same wear. In 1628 and 29, he executed the office of vice chancellor of Oxford, and September 13th, 1631, succeeded Dr. Warburton in the deanery of Gloucester. About the year 1635, he was inducted to the rectories of Stanlake, Oxfordshire, and Warneford, Hampshire, both in the gift of his college. In 1638-39, he again became vice chancellor at the particular request of Archbishop Laud, with whom he was most intimate. Whilst president of Magdalen, he was mainly instrumental in sending the Univer. sity plate to the king at York, and he also lent ef300, to the college, to be presented to Charles towards the expenses of the war, upon which the

1. Mary, bapt. 19th June, 1603, m. John Bigg, of Tenterden.

By his second wife John Frewen had five sons, viz. v1.1. Benjamin, bapt. 10th May, 1609, a citizen of London, one of the company of Haberdashers. viii. Thomas, bapt. 17th March, 1611. Ix. Timothy, bapt. 10th October, buried 14th December, 1614. X. Jacob, bapt. 18th June, 1615, buried 28th February, 1616. xi. Samuel, bapt. 2nd March, 1617.

The sixth son, Stephen FREwen, bapt. 19th October, 1600, was a citizen of London, of the Skinners' Company: he realized a large fortune in trade, which was much increased by his inheriting Archbishop Frewen's property, of which he conveyed 27,000 guineas in specie in his carriage to London, after the prelates’ funeral : this money which he deposited with Sir Robert Vyner, the banker, was by this last lent to King CHARLEs II. and all lost on the shutting up of the Ex

parliament ordered him to be apprehended, (July 7th, 1642,) but he withdrew, and did not return to Oxford until the king came there after the battle of Edgehill. In 1643, August 17th, he was nominated to succeed Dr. Wright in the See of Lichfield and Coventry, but the troubles of the times prevented his consecration till the ensuing year, when it was performed in the college chapel, by Archbishop Williams and others, in the month of April, 1644.” Hacket speaks in the highest terms of Dr. Frewen's generosity, in leaving the presidency of his college, a secure and valuable situation, to brave all the dangers and opprobrium of a bishoprick at a time when the title was merely nominal, the bishops having been expelled from the House of Peers, and the property of the see exposed for sale." In 1652, by the act of November 18th, his property was declared to be forfeited for treason, and £1000 reward offered by Cromwell to any one who would bring him dead or alive; but his name being incorrectly inserted in the proclamation as Stephen Frewen, D.D. he found time to escape into France,” where he remained till the fury of the times abated, when he returned and lived very privately, sometimes with his nephew at Fulham, in Middlesex, and sometimes at Banstead in Surrey." At the Restoration, Dr. Frewen being one of the nine bishops who survived the persecution, was nominated to the See of York, confirmed in Henry VIIth's Chapel, Westminster, October 4, 1660, and about the same time appointed lord high almoner of England. The bishoprick of Lichfield being kept open in the hopes that Mr. Calamy”

Rapin's History of England, vol. ix. p. 535. * Life of Archbishop Williams, part ii. p. 214.

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* Le Neve, p. 235.

• Calamy's Life of Baxter, vol. i. p. 151.

chequer.” As a trifling compensation, government allowed him £300 per annum, and offered to settle the rent of the Post Office on him and his heirs for ever, which being then only £100 per annum, he did not think worth his acceptance, and he was deprived of the £300 annuity in the reign of King Willi AM, by an alteration in the Excise, from which it arose. Mr. Alderman Frewen purchased Brick wall House of William White, esq. and bought other large estates in the counties of Lincoln, Middlesex, Kent, and Sussex. He lived to a great age, having survived two attacks of the plague, and died at Brickwall, and was buried at Northiam, 11th September, 1679. Mr. Frewen married first, 9th April, 1629, Katherine, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Scott, of Goateley, in Northiam, and by her (who died in child-birth, and was buried in St. John Baptist's Church, London, 1st December, 1630,) had issue, THoMAs, of whom presently. He m. secondly in 1636, Elizabeth Greene, supposed to have been daughter of John

would conform and accept it, Dr. Frewen had the rant of renewing leases in that See as well as (ork, which was exceedingly profitable, the lives having all fallen in during the Rebellion : this grant will not appear undeserved, when we consider the profitable preferment given up for a see which for near twenty years produced nothing, and the loss of all his temporal estate on account of his exertions in the royal cause. In 1660, October 28th, he assisted at the consecration of Gilbert Sheldon, Bishop of London, and in the January following, at that of Gilbert Trowside, Bishop 9f Bristol. In 1661, he was chairman of the Savoy Conference : his opponent Baxter speaks of him as a peaceable man, and one who refrained from taking an active part in the proceedings. In 1663, December 20th, he assisted at the consecration of William Paul, Bishop of Oxford, to which he was commissioned by Archbishop Sheldon. This great prelate closed his eventful life, March 28th, 1664, and was buried May 3rd, under the east window of York Cathedral, where a handsome monument is erected to his memory. Dr. Frewen was accounted a general scholar and good orator, but has left nothing extant except an oration and certain verses on the death of Prince Henry.” The works of the anonymous author of the Whole Duty of Man have by some been attributed to him, though apparently without sufficient reason: there are, however, in the possion of the present family the following works in his own hand writing : A collection of Latin orations from 1628 to 1660; most of which were delivered by him in convocation whilst vice chancellor; one of them delivered before King Charles I. at Woodstock, in 1629, and another in the bishop's palace, Lon

Greene, esq. serjeant-at-law, descended from the family of Green,t of Green's Norton, in Northamptonshire, and by her (who died and was buried in St. John's, London, 26th December, 1655,) had another son, John, bapt. 28th May, 1637, buried 2nd October, 1638. He was s. by his elder son, Thomas FREwe N, esq. bapt. 27th September, 1630: returned to parliament for the borough of Rye in 1678, which place he represented in six successive parliaments, until 1698. He married first, Judith, sole daughter and heir of John Wolverstone, of Fulham, in the county of Middlesex, in whose right he inherited a large property there, and by whom (who died 29th September, 1666, in the twenty-seventh year of her age, and eleventh of her marriage, and lies buried in York Minster, I) he had five children. Mr. Frewen married secondly in 1671, Bridget, § daughter of Sir Thomas Laton, of Laton, in the county of York, and co-heiress of her brother, Charles Laton, inherited in her right, the large estates in

Life of Baxter, vol. i. p. 171. * Vindication of Dr. Frewen.

don, on the election of Bishop Laud to the dignity
of Chancellor of Oxford.
A common place book in folio, and another in
quarto. The most interesting of his works, viz.
“An account in Latin of his visit to the various
German courts while chaplain to Lord Digby,”
has been unfortunately lost.
Dr. Frewen expended near of 1500 in repairing
the cathedral at Lichfield, and a large sum in im-
proving the palace at Bishopsthorpe, where he en-
tirely rebuilt the great dining room and chambers
over it. He bequeathed by his will flooo to
Magdalen College, Oxford, with some smaller
legacies for charitable purposes. The advowson
of Northiam, which he inherited from his next
brother, Thankful Frewen, he left to his nephew,
Thomas Frewen, the third rector of this family,
and all the rest of his property, amounting to
£30,000, to his brother and executor, Stephen
Frewen, alderman of London.”
Dr. Frewen was so particular in his moral cha-
racter, that he never allowed a female servant to
belong to his household: the circumstances attend-
ing his birth (fuit filius utero matris viventis ex-
cisus) had such an effect on his mind that he re-
solved to remain single, and died unmarried."
* Windication of Dr. Frewen, p. 17, and Tur-
nor's Case of the Bankers; London, 1675.
# The arms of Green, of Greens Norton are,
azure, three bucks tripping, or.
: See Drake's York, p. 512.
§ By this alliance the present family claim de-
scent from the noble houses of Fairfax, Lord Elm-
ley; Constable, Lord Dunbar; and Percy, Earl
of Northumberland; (see Fairfax of Gilling, vol.
ii. of this work.) Arms of Laton, argent, a fess
sable between six cross crosslets fitchèe.

* Le Neve.
* Ibid. p. 13.

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