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Oct. 15.


ly on the banks, and not upon the A Minh Queen Anne's reign, is that says, MONG the Old Ballads published adjoining level surface: Shakspeare

“I know a bank where on the of “ Tom and Will were shepherd wild thyme blows.” 1345 swains." The description of them is,

Yours, &c.

ANTE BOTANICUS. * Tom was young, but somewhat bald, It seem'd no imperfection:

Mr. URBAN, Surinam, July 5. Will was grey, but yet not old, And browner of complexion.”


my letter of the 2d December last; They were both in love with “ Pas- and referring thereto, I have now to tora,” who favoured neither of them acquaint you, that the Lamb soon particularly, though, as the song says, the Marmouset Monkey, being loose,



died, having been very weak at first s “Tom thought he, and Will thought he, became so troublesome, that I gave Was chiefest in her favour."

it to my A. D. C. Lieut. Thornhill of Pastora was sent for to Court, to the 25th regiment. The Kitten bas attend the Queen.

become a very fine large Tom Cat, u Unto the Court Pasiora 's gone,

and although he lives well (I believe There

he is too lazy to catch rats or mice) were no Court without her:

he frequently sucks in company with The Queen among her train had none Was half so fair about her.”.

three puppies which the bitch has since borne. Yours, &c.

P. BONHAM, Now,Sir, if any of your Correspond

Major-general and Governor. ents can explain and inform me, who the two gentlemen and lady were, as they be persons


Dec. 16. tinction, I shall'esteem it a favour. Alions are oftentimes overlooked

Yours, &c.

T. B.

in the contemplation of general mea

sures ; yet, through the medium of Mr. Urban, Hinckley, Feb. 14.

Elmesthorpe, near your excellent Miscellany, the recomURBAN

mendation of being in good comI

HAVE before me a small book, pany may aid a remark or two upon

prioted by John Matthews, 1706, a subject which is already anticipated called, “The Testament of the twelve in the public mind, and will of course Patriarchs, the sons of Jacob, trans- be argued upon as it affects different lated out of Greek into Lalin in classes of persous-I mean the Pro1242, by Robert Grosthead, some perty-Tax-which, it is pretty plainly times Bishop of Lincoln: and out of intimated, is to be continued or rehis copy into French and Dutch by newed. Without entering either into others, and now Englished. To the the objects of the Tax-or the oricredit whereof, an ancient Greek ginal pressure which gave it birthcopy, written in parchment, is kept the principle must impartially be alin the Universal library of Cambridge.” lowed to be objectionable, inasmuch Is there any new edition of this cu- as it lays the foundation of its sources rious book since the year 1706; or

too deep, when it seeks to raise them would republishing it be a religious from such disproportioned means. treat to the world at large ?

An income of 601. per ann, and even Yours, &c. Rich. FOWKE. up to 4001. incapable of any increase

to meet the unabating expences of

the times, and liable, from situation, Mr. URBAN,

Elmesthorpe, near to the whole weight of assessment

Hinckley, March 14. besides, are too low in the scale to WOULD beg the favour to ask contribute 101. per cent. upon the ingenious Botanical Correspondents: lie heavy upon the annuitant in the Why does Wild Thyme in low cold funds, the life-holder of small estates, pasture-land growupon Ant-banks, and and with aggravated grievance on not upon level ground, or the spaces many beneficed clergymen, who, combetween them? Is it from some vir- pelled to reside on one particular tue or effluvia emitted from the Ants, spot, not always with equal advanthat causes this to grow spontaneous- tages, a house perhaps dispropor,



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tioned in size and expence to the in these particular bearings unequal, living, or, vice versa, the living to pot perhaps theoretically laid down the house, and amenable in common as a general principle-but in the with the commercial or the wealthy consequences of its operation as it man to the same burthen of assess- respects life-incomes, and property ment, can bardly give out of a li- depending on personal exertion;mand mited income, under these circum- if the aged, the annuitant, and what stances, 10 per cent. upon the gross is called the inferior Clergy, should amount of his tithes, in addition to find a friend when this question be other taxes, without considerable pri- again agitated in a certain grand vations, and, if bis bealth fail him, assembly, and the tax be modified' or or he has a family, considerable dis- ameliorated to this description of tress in the event of his death.

persons, no matter how obscure the But it may be said, a general rule source from whence the hint came. cannot admit of these minute excep- Yours, &c.

Z. tions: yet, if they are known to exist, it cannot be deemed invidious to meg. tion them, for indeed they are not Mr. URBAN, Pentonville, Nov. 14. likely by other means to reach the Pebitants of Pentonville and Isling

ERMIT me state . walls of St. Stephen ;-where, until a late exertion of the Legislature in ton (and probably other places) bave favour of the Clergy, their advocates lately been honoured with visits by seem to have been few, while the Phi- two well-meaning gentlemen, whose lippics against them have been loud. design is, as they state, to erect, or Nor can it escape notice, that, desti- establish, some sort of Charitable In. tute of some expedient to render the stitution, wbich no one ever heard of, incomes of many of this useful body por they perhaps intend putting into of men mure adequate to support execution. These worthy persons, so their residence, while the Bill was desirous of subscriptions, after inquirpassing more effectually to secure ing for the gentlemau of the house, ihat object, no saving clause had been make their obeisance, begging pardon thought of, to protect the parsonage- for the great freedom of calling ; and house from being liable to assessment, humbly submit for inspection a long under certain provisions and restric- list of names from whom, they say, have tions.

been received liberal donations for care Charitable foundations, and the rying into effect their laudable design. great trading Companies of the Me- If they fail of drawing from the hard tropolis, give to their spiritual per. hearts of the solicited the assistance sops, houses free of taxesmand,surely, so absolutely necessary, they present are the labours of the exemplary a six-penny pamphlet, and demand the conscientious Parish-priestless de small charge of three shillings for the serving at the hands of the State ? benefit of their munificent Institution.

It will no doubt be said, that the Now, Mr. Urban, I take the liberty of Clergy are part of that State, and suggesting that the most effectual metherefore to bear its burthens. But thod of obtaining the requisite supif Religion and sound morals be


port would be, to publicly pronounce ed, from the highest antiquity, to be and declare their magnanimous intenthe animating and preserving prin- tions, most distinctly explaining the ciple of all good policy, more effi- nature of the intended relief, and cacions than any other in promoting the characters engaged to superintend the public security :-surely, they it; whereby the gentlemen would save who labour in such concern, contri- themselves much travelling and superbute in no tifling degree to the per- fluity of language, and the petitioned manency of all political society, and much anxious apprehension of being have a peculiar claim to the suffrages duped by needy designing persons, of a welt regulated Government. If these gentlemen are actuated by It may be said, Mr. Urban, that I disinterested motives, and should

peam a cleric, and partially advocating ruse this friendly hint, they may iin

brethren-or I am an annuitant prove their charitable scheme with mor a life-estale man-or something much less exertion thav in the inalmore insignificant; yet, if it should ner at present adopted. appear that the tax in question is Yours, &c.


for my

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. styl. Eustace's Classical Tour through relievos and statues scattered with such

Italy; (continued from page 560.) prodigality over the exterior of this Ca. N treating of the villas in the neigh- sino are sufficient, if disposed with judg


ment and effect, to adorn the three shews superior tàste; and his descrip consists of several large saloons and

largest palaces in Europe. The interior tions are always glowing and salisfactory.

apartments, and a gallery, all of which,

particularly the latter, are lined and in“We shall now proceed to the Villa

laid with the richest marbles, and stipBorghese, or Villa Pinciana (so called ported by the noblest pillars, interminfrom the proximity of the Porta Pinciana, gled with bronze and gildingi and now shut op), wbich, from tbe space it adorned with the best specimens of anoccupies (supposed to be about four tient art in sculpture and in painting. miles in circumference), its noble vistas, Such, indeed, is the value of this colfrequent fountains, ornamental build- . lection, and such the splendour of the ings, superb palace, and almost innu- apartments in which it is displayed, that merable, antiquities, is justly considered no Sovereign in Europe can boast of so as the first of the Roman Villas, and rich a gallery, or of a residence so truly worthy of being put into competition imperial. This Villa, with its valuable with the splendid retreats of Sallust or collection and furniture, escaped unof Lucullus. It stands upon a conti- damaged during the French invasion, nuation of the Pincian bill, at a little owing to the apparent partiality which distance from the walls of the city, about one of the Princes of the fainily is suphalf a mile from the Porta Flaminia, or posed to have manifested towards the del Popolo. It covers the brow of the Republican system *. Its gardens are bill, and from the terrace has a noble always open to the publick, who, in a view of the City, and of the Vatican. Latin inscription, by no means inelegant, The gardens are laid out with some re- are welcomed, or rather invited, to the gard botb for the new, and for the old free enjoyment of all the beauties of the system, for, though symmetry prevails place, and at the same time entreated to in general, and long alleys appear inter- spare the shrubs and flowers, and to sectiog each other, lined with statues, respect the more valuable ornaments, and refreshed by cascades, yet here and the urns, statues, and marbles. The there a winding path allures you into a Romans accordingly profit by the inwilderness formed of plants abandoned vitation, and resort in crowds to the to their native luxuriancy, and watered Villa Borghese, particularly on Sundays, by streamlets murmuring through their when the walks present a very lively and own artless cbannels. The ornamental varied scene, composed of persons of all buildings are, as usually happens to descriptions and rankis, moving in all such edifices, deficient in correctness and directions through the groves and alleys, purity of architecture. The temple of or reposing in groupes in the temples or Diana is encumbered with too many or- near the fountains. This liberal mode naments. The Ionic temple in the little of indulging the publick in free aceeds island is indeed graceful, but rather too to palaces and gardens, and thus sharing narrow for its elevation,-a defect in- with them, in some degree, the advancreased by the statues placed upon the tages and pleasures of luxury, a mode so pediment. One of these ornamental common in Italy, merits much praise; buildings contains a considerable collec- and may be recommended as an exam, tion of statues, &c. found on the site of ple that deserves to be imitated by the Gabii (for ruins there are none), the ter- proprietors of parks and pleasuregrounds, ritory of which now belongs to this particularly in the neighbourhood of family:

great towns and cities.” « The Casino, or palace itself, is of

We pass over a great number of great extent; but, though erected on the plans and under the inspection of interestiog articles in order to meet the principal architects of the age, and

our Traveller at Naples, a city which though built of the finest stone, yet it

offers a variety of most important neither astonishes nor pleases. The subjects for description and discussiop. reason of this failure of effect is evident; the ornaments are so numerous, and the *“This Prince bas since married a sisparts so subdivided, as to distract the

ter of Buonaparte, and made over to eye, and to leave no room for any one him his unparalleled collection: he has, predominant impression. The basso- in return, obtained his contempt.' GENT. MAG. Suppl. LXXXIV. PART II.


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In common with all other writers, Mr. ac reverentius de Dlis crédéré quăm scire. Eustace exclaims with delight on the The blood of St. Stephen in the Church first view of the Bay, and the edifices of St. Gaudioso, belonging to the Bena that border i its shores. When he dictine Nuns, is said to liquefy in the awoke on the morning preceding his

same manner, but only once a year, en arrival, the azure surface of the water the festival of the Martyr." was as smooth as glass, over which

We should have rested perfectly glided countless boats.

satisfied with this account of the “On the right, the town extended liquefaction, fromjwhich the Author', along the semicircular shore, and Po opipion, might be readily gathered ; silipo rose close behind it, with churches and, with reference to the general libeand villas, vineyards and pines scát- rality of his sentiments, we cannot tered in confusion along its sides and on

but feel hurt that he has considered it its ridge, till, sloping as it advanced, necessary to be more explicit in the the bold hill terminated in a craggy note alluded to. promontory. On the left, at the end of

«« The Author the adds) has been ada walk that forms the quay, and skirts cused of a want of candour, in not hav

sea, the Castel del Uovo, standing ing expressed in a more explicit manner op an insulated rock, caught the eye for

bis opinion of the miracle alluded to a moment; while beyond it, over a vast Few readers, he conceives, will be ata expanse of water, a rugged line of moun- loss to discover it; but, if a more open tains stretched forward, and, softening declaration can give any satisfaction, he its features as it projected, presented now declares that he does not believa towns, villages, and convents, lodged the liquefying substance to be the blood amidst its forests and precipices, and at of St. Januarius," length terminated in the Cape of Minerva, now of Surrentum. Opposite and litans have discovered in the instances

Whalever want of taste the Neapofall in front rose the island of Caprese adduced, the charge of a paucity of

with its white cliffs and ridgy summit, • placed as a barrier to check the tempest

Charitable Endowments cannot be and protect the interior of the Bay from brought against them. Hospitals are its fury. This scene, illuminated by a very numerous, and adapted to every sun that never shines so bright on the calamity of mind and body; many less-favoured regions beyond the Alps, are richly endowed ; they are all is justly considered as the most splendid clean, well regulated, and equally well and beautiful exhibition which Nature attended. To the infinite honour of perhaps presents to the human eye, and the individuals so employed, the Hoscannot but excite in the spectator, when pitals are abundantly supplied with beheld for the first time, emotions of attendants, whose sole reward is the delight and admiration that border on certainty of being useful to their fel. mithusiasm."

low-creatures; and the government of Earthquakes, and the inroads of them is administered by persons of barbariaus have deprived Naples of the highest rank and best educations. even the vestiges of its antient mag- “ Besides, to almost every Hospital is nificence, and the moderns have not attached one, and sometimes more Cone supplied the deficiency by structures fraternities, or pious associations, formed which our Author considers as equi- for the purpose of relieving some partivalents; the churches and palaces be- cular species of distress, or of averting or ing less remarkable for taste than remedying some evil. These Confratheir magoitude and riches. In speak- of equality, and of course open to all

ternities, though founded upon the basis ing of the blood of St. Januarius,

supranks, generally contain a very consi posed to liquefy on particular occasions, we find the following candid make it a point to fulfil the duties ofthe

derable proportion of noble persons, who admission of the Author partly ex

Association with an exactness as honoure pressed in a note.

able to themselves, as it is exemplary “ His supposed blood is kept in a and beneficial to the publick. Thase vial in the Tesoro, and is considered as persons visit the respeetive Hospitals the most valu able of its deposits, and almost daily, inquire into the situation indeed as the glory and the ormament of and circunstances of every patient, aud the Cathedral and of the City itself. Into oftentimes attend on them personally, the truth of the supposition little in- and render them the most humble ser quiry is made; and in this respect, the vices. They perform these duties in Neapolitans seem to have adopted the disguises and generally in the dress or naim of the antieint Germans : -Sanotius uniform worn by the Confraternity,

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the express purpose of diverting public About 1780, what the Author -calls attention from the individuals, and fix. the reforming, or rather deforming tag it on the object only of the Asso- system began in this Castle; and, had dation.'

not he taken correct plans of it preThe pumber of Charitable founda- vious to that period, all knowledge tions in Naples is upwards of sixty; of its original features and structure

He is seven are Hospitals, in the general must have been lost for ever. acceptation of the term ; thirty are hence enabled to give an historical receptacles for orphans, foundlings, and ichnographical account of this &c. ; five are Banks for the supply of building, from its reputed foundation the industrious Poor with small sums by P. O. Scapula about A. D. 47, re of money; and the remainder are jecting the fable of its erection by Schools and Confraternities. The in- Julius Cæsar, down to the present comes of most of these establishments age. A Pharos having been erected are considerable; but, whatever may at Boulogne by Caligula, the utility be the annual deficiency, it is amply of such a thing was no less obvious at supplied by donations, most of which Dover, and accordingly oue was are from unknown benefactors.

erected within the fortress. The form We cannot conclude tbis sketch of of the building was octagonal with Neapolitan charity in a way more ho- out; and within, a square with equal nourable to the inhabitants than by sides, each measuring about 14 feot, the jpsertion of one paragraph more

aad the walls to the first floor were on the subject.

10 thick. Time has rendered it im“When a patient has recovered bis possible to discover if the walls rehealth and strength, and is about to re

tained the same thickness, or to what turn to his usual occupations, he receives height they were carried. from the Establishment a sum of money “ It is a singular fact," observes the sufficient to compensate for the loss of Author," which has for ages escaped time and labour unavoidable during his the prying eye of the Antiquary, that illness; a most benevolent custom, and the Roman masops built the walls of highly worthy of imitation. A long ill- this Tower with a stalactical concretion ness or dangerous accident deprives a (tophus) * instead of stone, poor labourer or artizan so long of his formed under water, and they cut it ordinary wages, and throws him so far into small blocks about a fout in length, back in bis little economy, that he can- and 7 inches deep ; but they were not not without great difficulty recover him- all of equal size or solidity. The walls self and regain a state of comfort. From were raised first with seven courses of this inconvenience the small sum grant- the stalactical blocks, and then two ød by the charity of the Hospital relieves courses of tiles; and this work was conhim, and restores him to his trade in tinued alternately : but the tiles are of health, strength, and spirits."

different dimensions, and some of them A long and ingenious disquisition were cast in moulds peculiar to the on the site of the tomb of Virgil will makers of them at this place. The tiles amuse the classical reader. On the of the course on the Eastern side of the Author's last visit to it, he found that Tower, and nearly level with the first it sometimes afforded an asylum to arch, were about 22 inches in length, assassins, and was at the moment each side, and an open space at the

with a projecting part at one end on used as a place of concealment for other, of equal dimensions, so that when several Sbirri, or soldiers of the Po- they were laid in the wall with their lice, who waited to seize a murderer. ends reversed, they might fit into each (To be continued.)

other. The surface of the tiles on one

side had many curved furrows, and four 2. The History of the Town and Port of hemispherical knobs, or one equi-distaạt

Dover, and of Dover Castle, with a from each angle of the tile. There were short Account of the Cinque Ports. By originally two windows, and as many the Rev. John Lyon, Minister of St. passages, on the ground-foor, in the Mary's, Dover. In 2 vols. The Second middle of each side of the square. The Volume, illustrated with 10 plates : entrance on the North-East is about six 21. 2s. Longman and Co.

feet wide, and the durability of the maTHAT mutilated but venerable

* This is the calc tuf of Jameson and remain of antiquity, Dover Castle, is Werner ; tbe chaux carbonatte concreawply and accurately described in this tionée tuf of Brogniart; and the travertise Second Volume of Mr. Lyon's work. of Breislak. Rev.


It was


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