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628 Literature and Science. Weights and Measures. [XCI. ter, under similar circumstances, will mittee recommend that leave be given to weigh 62.386 pounds avoirdupois. bring in a Bill for declaring these stand

In proceeding to Measures of Capacity, ards of Length, of Capacity, and of Weight, which, for convenience, your Committee to be the imperial standards for Great have postponed to those of Weight, they Britain and Ireland, and for its colonies find themselves embarrassed, as the Com- and dependencies ; and they recommend missioners have been, not only by various that several copies of the standards be Measures designated by the same name,

made with the utmost possible accuracy but by a discrepance in the multiples and for the use of the Exchequer, for the three sub-multiples of the same Measure. They capitals, for the principal foreign possesare on the whole, however, induced to sions, for the Government of France, in believe, that the gallon of England was return for the communication of their originally identical for all uses, and that standards ; and especially for the United the variations have arisen in some cases States of America, where your Committee from accident, and in others from fraud. have reason to believe that they will

The definition of a Winchester bushel, be adopted, and thus tend, in no small in the Act of King William for laying a degree, to facilitate the commercial interduty on malt, seems to have been made course, and by so doing, to consolidate a for the purpose of facilitating the construc- lasting friendship between the two great tion of cylindrical measures by a near Nations of the world most assimilated by coincidence, without minute fractions. their language, their laws, religion, cusFrom this definition, the dry gallon would toms, and manners. consist of 268.835 cubic inches.

Your Committee cannot close their Re. The gallon Measure in the Exchequer port, without adverting to the extraordicontains 270.4 cubic inches; and derived nary knowledge and ingenuity, and to the from the pint, quart, &c. the gallon will indefatigable industry displayed by Cap. stand as follows:

tain Kater, by whom all the experiments

Cubic inch, have been gratuitously conducted, for asFrom the bushel ........

.266.1 certaining the various standards, and for Froni the definition by King Will.268.8 determining the length of the Pendulum From the gallon Measure...........270.4 by a method peculiarly bis own, and by From the pint...... ..............276.9

which he has arrived at a degree of accuFrom the quart........................279.3 racy and precision, that, but a few years By an Act of Parliament made for

since, was declared to be utterly unatrevenue purposes the beer gall..282 tainable. By an Act, 42 Geo. III. the Win

This gentleman, in compliance with his chester gallon is estimated at....2725 Majesty's directions, given in pursuance

The Wine Gallon is supposed to have of an Address of this House, has also ob. continued gradually shrinking in dimen- served the variations of the Pendulum on sions, till its progress was arrested by a the principal stations of the Trigonometrifiscal definition at 231 cubic inches. cal Survey; and from these observations

This last Measure differs so materially deductions have been made of great imfrom all the rest, that it must either be portance with respect to the general figure retained as one quite distinct, and appli- of the earth, its density and internal concable to its peculiar uses, or, as seems struction. So that your Committee are most expedient, it must be abolished. decidedly of opinion, that it will be highly But, amidst the variations and uncer- proper to extend similar observations over tainty of the remainder, your Committee a still larger surface, so as to connect the agree with the Commissioners, in recom- measurements and astronomical observa. mending that they may be all brought tions made by the different nations of Euback to an equality, and at the same time rope, as much as possible, into one whole. made to bear a simple relation to the stand- Your Committee having directed their ard of weight by taking the pint for a attention to the best and most practicabasis, which contain 20 ounces of distilled ble method of bringing the imperial Meawater averdupois, at the temperature of sures into general use, beg leave further 620, as nearly as it is possible to ascer. to recommend a Legislative enactment, tain by experiment, on a vessel of that by which it shall be declared, that all bar construction and workmanship.

gains and sales, where nothing appears to If then the pint be considered as equal the contrary, shall be deemed and taken in bulk to 20 ounces of distilled water, at to be made in conformity with these Mea. the temperature of. 62°, the cubic inch sures of Length, Superficies, Capacity, and weighing 252.546 grains in air, at the Weight; but that for a time to be limited, mean height of the barometer, the impe. it shall be competent for all persons to rial gallon will contain 277.276 cubic deal by any other measures, established inches weighing exactly ten pounds. either by local custom, or founded on spe

If the proposition now submitted should cial agreement, that they may select; be sanctioned by the House, your Com- provided always, that the ratio or propor


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PART 1.]
Literature and Science

629 tion of such local measures to those esta- And assuming from the mean of nume. blished by law, may be a matter of com- rous estimates the expansion of brass mon notoriety; and that in the case of a 0.00001044 for each degree of Fahren. special agreement, the ratio or proportion heit's thermometer, the difference of tembe therein expressed.

peratures from 620 to 39° will vary the Your Committee subjoin in an Appen- content of a brass gallon Measure' just dix, some computations and proportions, one-fifth of a cubic inch. which they think may be of general use. It appears thạt the specific gravity of APPENDIX.

clear water from the Thames, exceeds

that of distilled water at the mean tempeThe pendulum vibrating seconds of mean solar time at London in a vacuum,

rature, in the proportion of 1.0006 to 1, and reduced to the level of the sea, is 39.1393 making a difference of about one-sixth of

a cubic inch, on a gallon. inches, consequently the descent of an

Rain water does not differ from distilled heavy body from rest in one second of time in a vacuum, will be 193.145 inches. water, so as to require any allowance for The logarithm 2.2858828.

common purposes. A platina metre at the temperature of

CONCHOLOGY. 32°, supposed to be the tea-millionth part of the quadrant of the meridian, 39.3708

Few subjects in natural history form inches. The ratio to the imperial mea

more elegant plates than univalve shells,

coloured from Nature, when placed in a sure of three feet as 1.09363 to 1, the lo. garithm 0.0388717.

proper manner, ith the apex or point upThe five following standards have been permost, as in the eighth and twelfth vo. measured as follows:

lumes of “The Linnæan Transactions," Inches.

where they are very judiciously figured, Gen. Lambton's scale used in the

not in that ridiculous manuer frequently Trigonometrical Survey of India-35.99934

found in old authors, and some modern Sir George Shuckburgh's scale

ones, with the apex downward; the aper(which for all purposes may be

ture being in front, is very proper for exaconsidered as identical with the

mining the pillar, &ć. Some imagine the imperial standard) ............... 35.99998 aperture to be the upper part of the shell

36.00088 Gen. Roy's scale

in the nautilus : when swimming it is so, Royal Society standard ......

but not when moving at the bottom of the

.......... 36.00135 Ramsden's bar.....


water. The common garden snail, or limWeight of a cubic inch of dis

pet, when seen in motion, will convince tilled water in a vacuum at the

any one that the apex or point is the upper temp. 62 as opposed to weights

part of the shell. Therefore, why figure in a vacuum also, 252,722 gr. 1.2.4026430

them with the point downwards? as the Consequently a cubic foot of

pillar can be examined equally well either 62.3862 p. avoird.

1, 1.7950887 way. Weight of a cubic inch of distill

Since the public have been informed ed water in air at 620 of tempe

that Prince Leopold has shown a fondness rature, with a mean height of

for this branch of Science, it will probably

become more fashionable. the barometer, 252.456 gr... 1. 2.4021857 Consequently a cubic foot, of 62.3206 p. avoird......... 1, 1.7946314

FRENCH ASIATIC Society. And an ounce of water, 1.73298

A number of learned men have united cubic inch.......

1. 0.2387924

to form at Paris an 'Asiatic Society, the Cubic inches in the imperial

object of which is to encourage in France gallon, 277.276........... 1. 2.4429124

the study of the principal languages of Diameter of the cylinder con

Asia. It is their intention to procure taining a gallon at one inch

oriental MSS. to circulate them either by high, 18.78933................

1. 1.2739112

means of printing or lithography, to have

extracts or translations made of them, Specific gravity of water at different tem

and to join in the publication of gramperatures, that 62° being taken as unity:

mars avd dictionaries. This new Institu700.0.09913 560.1.00050 44o.1.00107

tion will correspond with other societies, 689.0.99936 54°.1.00064 420.1.00111 which devote themselves to the same ob. 66°.0.99958 520.1.00076 40°.1.00113 ject, and with learned men who apply to 649.0.99980 50°.1.00087 38°.1.00113 the study of the oriental languages.--25 620.1. 480.1.00095

francs per annum is to be the subscrip58o.1.00035 46°, 1.00102

tion: many learned men are enrolled. The differences of temperatures between 620 and 399, where water attains

EALING SCHOOL, its greatest density, will vary the bulk of On Thursday and Friday, June 21 and a gallon of water, rather less than the 22, the celebrated Andria of Terence was third of a cubic inch

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630 Literary Intelligence.--Select Poetry. (xct. tlemen of Ealing School. The following Incautus magao juvenis perussus amore Prologue (written by a former member of

Sub dubioque vigens auspice, fidus amor; Spectans, "nimium ne crede colori," the School) was recited by Mr. Newman,

Namque hic ingreditur fæmina veste módo. and met with that general applause, to Denique, cur alias referam quas Fabula promit? which the efforts of the speaker and com.

Sermone aut longo tempora vestra moror?

Nunc Proceres docti, solitum præbete favorem, poser were so justly entitled :

Ridete, O Veneres! ridet ut ipsa Venus;

Et si quid meritum plausu fucrit, ' feriemus

Vertice sublimi sidera;"...Scena patet.
His ego qui toties scenis tremebundus, amici,
Vestris elatus laudibus usque fui,

The Epilogue, the subject of which was
Accedo Prologus rursus, rursusque licebit

the elopement of the fair Mysis, was an Talibus iuceptis quærere tale decus. “Sunt quos curriculo," splendentis imagine Galli ingenious production.

Ornato, nomen mittere ad astra juvat;
Hic Hellespontum gaudet tranare, Leandri

Cambridge, June 22. The Anoual
Æmulus, et proprio carmine vivit honos.
Alter, et ille choris princeps, “homo factus ad

Prizes of fifteeo guineas each, given by unguem,"

the Representatives io Parliament of this Almaicis, præstat mobilitate pedum;

University, for the best dissertations in
Falso prætextu modò surripit alter honores,
Sic plures sperans

Latin prose, were yesterday adjudged as

bolos. “Haud equidem," credo, “tali me digoor honore,"


Scpior Bachelors : “ De Ori.
Nec socios forsán præmia tanta maneút; gine et Progressu Idolatriæ" (Dialogas),
Sed nos instigant hodié, laus chara parentum,

Thomas Thorp, Fellow of T'rinity College,
Plausus amicorum voce manuque frequens ;
Nec minùs accendit juvenilia pectora, risus

and Edward Boteler, of Sidney College. Famineus, ludens pulchra per ora levis, Middle Bachelors : " Oratio io Laudem Personas, lepidi, si jam

cognoscere vultis, Musicæ,” Edward Harvey Maltby, of Andria quas profert, Fabula plena salis, )

Pembroke Hall, and Arthur Barron, of
Ecce senex vigilans, nummi frugalis, et ecce
Insidiis servus callidus auctor, adest;

Trinity College.

de Or muse To thee R Salvation 'Mongst

cla To free f To lands la mercy Hail, Pag

sa To give h The impo Perbaps

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Do Thou thy strong right arm extend,
Their gallant leader to befriend,
And to bis hopes propitious be,
While all those hopes are fix'd on Thee ;
Till from his toils he rest once more
On Britain's highly-favour'd shore,
There celebrate thy boundless praise,
And tell the world thy wond'rous ways.


in To take

And y

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LINES Suggested by the Sailing of Capt. PARRY ON his second Expedition to the Arctic Re

GENIUS of the Frozen Zone,

Seated on thy crystal thrope,
Lay aside thy frown severe;
In ihy mildest form appear!
Scatter wide the gloomy cloud,
Wont the Sun-beams to enshroud,
As o'er the Iceberg's lofty head
It hangs with omen dark and dread.
Let thy gentlest breezes blow,
To dissolve the drifted snow,
And from its icy fetters free
The surface of the Nortbern Sea.
Then bid it swell the flowing tide,
To waft you bark o'er waves unlried,
Save by that bold adventurous crew,
Who still exploring regions new,
Urg'd ov by scientific zeal,
From every danger a fresh impulse feel.

So might Pagan Poets sing.
Christian Bards to Heaven's high Kipg,
Thus attune their suppliant lay.
Oh! Thou whom winds and waves obey,
Lord of all things, hear our prayer!
Thou delightest most to spare.
To thy promise ever true,
Guide the vessel safely through
The perils of the Arctic deep,
And under thy protection keep
The brave and well-selected band,
Who distant from their vative land,
With courage arm'd against all fear,
And manly patience persevere.

With thi

ag And she

Her daug


Two love From roc

Extract from an unpublished Poem,

entitled Sawston."
FAR from the public road, remote and
Stands a neat edifice,-the Paper-mill;
Caught by the rural splendour of the place,
My willing Muse would fain its use retrace.
'Tis there amid the willows' foliage green,
Wanders the peaceful rivulet serene;
Its silver stream from spriogs meanderiog

And with a constant pace the mili-wheel
Hail! useful structure, hail! 'to thee is

Unbounded praise, past ages never knew;
Thanks to the first ingenious artisan
Whose scbemes thus benefit enlighteo'do

Paper! to thee the world indebted stands,
From Andes' tide, to far Columbia's lands !
In this improving age-accounted wise,
Fair Learning with thine aid begias to

rise ;
By thee is handed down from age to age,
The sacred truths of Revelation's page;


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you dine

PART 1.)
Select Poetry:

631 By thee we trace the Pilgrim's sacred Lines critten on occasion of hearing Lovis dream,

(theme; GORDON play with particular sweetness Or muse o'er Harvey's pure enlighten'd to please the Author, when in the society To thee Religion owes her gratitude,

of a much-valued Friend, Salvation now o'er heathen lands is strew'd SWEET Harmony! of all thy magic 'Mongst Afric's rude and wild ungovern'd


[hours, clan,

To charm the gay, or soothe the pensive To free from ignorance our fellow-man! None dost thou own so true to touch the To lands remote the joyful blessing give,

heart, la mercy thus proclaim-believe and live! And all thy softest influence impart,

As when thou breath'st some strain with Hail, Paper, hail! your humble bard es. says

sweetness fraught, [caught; To give his boon in tributary lays,

Which in past-time the ear enraptur'd The improving art, this paper does fulâil, While those by mem'ry held supremely Perhaps it came froni Sawston Paper-mill!: -, dear,

[near; T. N.

Who shar'd our kindest sentiments, were
Sweet recollections stealing o'er the mind,

Retrace those sentiments by time refin'd.

With tender energy the thought renew On his first going into Housekeeping. Of all the virtues whence affection grew; NOW that a house you keep, your mind Then heartfelt melodies with rapture move prepare,

The chords that vibrate sympathy and love., On your first entrance, for a scene of care.

Ah, then, blest Harmony! thy power we A bundred wants you never knew before


(alone, Will force a passage thro' your cottage Not by th' applausive meed of words door,

But thy full empire o'er the soul's conFor bread and meat, and milk and cheese,


(press'd. beside

In Nature's language-softest tears ex. Coffee and tea, you weekly must provide ;

A Belle Of The Old SCHOOL. Then for your pudding, eggs,--and can

DUTY AND PLEASURE. Without a glass or two of gen'rous wine ?

By Mrs. Piozzi. For coals and candles, burning ev'ry day, DUTY and Pleasure, long at strife, A heavy bill there'll be each month to pay; Cross'd in the common walks of life. Next poor-rates, taxes come,-sad rack “ Pray don't disturb me, get you gone," ing thought,


Cries Duty, in a serious tone :To take what's left, if left there should be

Then with a smile,“ keep off my dear, And yet, tho' all these wants successive Nor force me thus to be severe.". come,

[be home. “Dear Sir!” cries Pleasure, "you're 30 Home may, with skill, be made what should No waste, and strict economy will give

You make yourself a perfect slave: The means by which in comfort you may I can't think why we disagree, live.

You may turn Methodist for me. Invite a matron-very plain and neat- But if you'll neither laugh nor play, Her name FRUGALITY, -give her a seat At least don't stop me in my way: At ev'ry meal-she's prudent-knows the

Yet sure one moment you might steal

To see the lovely Miss O'Neil ;
To spare expense, and save a groat a day. One hour to relaxation give;
With this good dame be sure you well Oh! lend one hour from life to live.

And here's a bird, and there's a flower,
And she will bring you sweetest company. Dear Duty, walk a little slower.”
Her daughters, one CONTENTMENT nam'd;

My morning's task is not half done," one, HEALTH;

[wealth ; Cries Duty with an inward groan ; Two lovely maids who sbun th' abodes of “ False colours on each object spread, From routs and balls and feasts who keep. I know not whence, or where I'm led; aloof,

Your bragg'd enjoyments mount the wind, And seek retirement in a humble roof.

And leave the venom'd stings behind : Be these your inmates, and your purse, Where are you flown?"--Voices around tho' small,

Cry, “ Pleasure long hath left this ground: Will prove quite adequate to pay for all. Old age advances, haste away! Then butcher, baker, taxman,-come who Nor lose the light of parting day; may ;

See Sickness follows, Sorrow threats, You need not put them off a single day. Waste no more time in vain regrets: Your bills all paid, you get will have in o Duty! one more effort givea store, May reach, perhaps, the gates of Heaven

pi A pittance left, wherewith to bless the Poor!

Where only each with each delighted,
Dile@gmyn, Pleasure and Duty live united.'

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his Majesty's Government, however inconLord King presented a petition from a venient it might be in the present state of Reverend Divine, complaining, that he our Finances to relinquish a Tax producbeing a Rector in the diocese of Peter- ing near half a million annually, had deborough, found it necessary to present a termined not to resist what they had ascerCurate to his Diocesan who had fulfilled tained to be the public opinion. Mr. all the requisite ordinations. That the Birch, Mr. Baring, and Mr. Peel, strongly Bishop of Peterborough tendered him a condemned the conduct of Mioisters, in list of 87 questions, to which he required abandoning, at this critical moment, a tax

That upon these being furnish- so productive, and thereby endangering ed, the Bishop did not think them satis. public credit, without giving any effectual factory, and refused his licence. The relief to the class by whom the lax was Curate then applied to the Archbishop of paid, although the repeal might be viewed Canterbury, who after some consideration as a partial relief extended to one class of declined to interfere. After a few obser- the community at the expence of another. vations his Lordship moved that the peti- The Marquis of Londonderry, in answer to tion be read. The Bishop of Peterborough a question put to him by Mr. Birch, said, said, the mode of examination was not un- his Majesty's Government had no inten. common. What he had done on this occa- tion of proposing any tax in lieu of that sion had been misrepresented; so far from repealed ; and the Chancellor of the Exfixing any new, or private, or arbitrary chequer said, the deficiency occasioned by standard, the questions were full of refer. the repeal of this tax must be made good ences to the Liturgy and the 39 articles. for the present year out of the ConsoliIf great care were not taken, the Church dated Fund. of England would fall into that anomalous The Report on the Grant to the state which was exhibited by another Duke of Clarence having been brought church in a part of Switzerland, the clergy up and read, Mr. Curwen moved, that of which subscribed to a Calvinistic test, it be read a third time that day three and preached Socioian doctrines. He months. Upon a division the Amendment would then leave it to their Lordships to was negatived by a majority of 144 to 18. determine in what way they ought to dis- Mr. Hume then stated, he should take the pose of this petition. The Archbishop of sense of the House on making the Grant Canterbury accounted for his delay in not 3,5001. instead of 6,000). This was, howapswering earlier the letter of the peti- ever, negatived; there being on a division tioner, which propounded certain questions for the original Motion, 167— Against it to him as to whether the Bishop was justi. 30. A third division took place, for the fied in the conduct which he had pursued. original Grant, 131-Against it, 81. The right reverend prelate referred the petitioner to the 48th canon of the church.

BURNING Women in INDIA. Earl Grey and the Marquis of Lansdown June 20. Mr. F. Bucion called the atspoke in support of the petition, which, tention of the House to the horrid pracafter some further observations from Lord tice which existed in India of burning Calthorp, was rejected.

females. Not only had the disciples of

Mahomet abolished this practice, but the In the House of Commons the same day, French, Dutch, and Danes had accomMr. Curwen moved for leave to bring in a plished the same object in their East Indian Biil to repeal the Tax upon Horses em- settlements. Many of the native Princes, ployed in Husbandry, and after a long amongst whom were the Rajah of Travandiscussion, the Hon. Member carried his core, and the Peishwa, the latler of whom motion by a majority of 28. The num- was a Hindoo and a Bralimin, had also put bers were, for the repeal, 141-against it, an end to this revolting custom. But in 113. The Bill was read a first time, and the limits of our jurisdiction it continued had a second reading the following night. to increase. ' In the Presidency of Fort

William alone, within the last four years, HOUSE OF COMMONS, June 18. 2366 females had perished upon the funeOn the order of the day being moved by ral piles of their deceased husbands. He Mr. Curwen, for committing the Bill for was fully aware of the delicacy and diffi. the repeal of the Agricultural Horse-tax, culty of interfering with the superstitious the Chancellor of the Exchequer stated to motiows of the Hindoos ; but surely sobie the House, that having ascertained the steps should be taken to mark our detessense of the country to be against the Tax, tation of the abominable practice, and to


Aames paper the ta tions He cc extrad from males husba ject to depre with tt It was hibitic and then had tricts Tbe thing forcio and rathe pished press withir pract tain ie those had do in 181 1,339. in 181 in 181 served degree epiden many some custon

June forwar Sicily, British Jians. Marqu by Sir vas ne

Jun moved Limeri Chief Captait replied mittee of LonChairm leave tGENT

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