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to dinner, with choice wines, fruit, &c. &c. family. He said he had been educated and a Northern Harper poured forth the at Lissoy, by the Rev. Henry Goldsmith, fascinating mazes of Hibernian musick, his father's cousin-german, and that the ever and anon recurring to the sweet gratification he felt that day was beyond strains of “ Auld Lang Syne."

the power of expression. John Goldsmith, esq. on his health The Company enjoyed themselves to a being drank, returned thanks, and de- late hour, and separated with reluctance tailed some interesting particulars of the from a scene dear to all.



genetus, belonging to the Chapters of SenAccording to a “ View of all the known tences, Harangues, Succession of Kings, Languages and their Dialects," published Inventors of Things, and Sententious Anby M. Fred. Aderburg, Counsellor of

As the Byzantine Prince had State to the Emperor of Russia, their made extracts from a multitude of histonumber amounts to 3,064 ; viz. in all rical and political works, which have been Asia 937, European 587, African 276, and long lost to the world, this discovery bas American 1,264.

naturally promised an ample harvest of ORIENTAL LITERATURE.

interesting gleaniugs. M. Mai announces, Since the establishment of the British that he has discovered parts of the lost and Foreign Bible Society, in the year books of Polybius, Diodorus Siculus, and 1804, the knowledge of ihe living lan. Dion Cassius, and fragments of Aristotle guages has been cultivated to an extent of Ephorus, of Timeus, of Hyperides, and wholly unprecedented. By the instru. of Demetrius Phalereus. The names of mentality of this pious and benevolent some other authors from whom extracts Institution, the Holy Scriptures have have been made are not given. There been translated, printed, and widely cir- are also some fragments of the Byzantine culated, in whole, or in portions of them, writers, such as Eunapius, Menander of in no less than one hundred and thirty dif. Byzantium, Priscus, and Petrus Protector, ferent languages and dialects: of this historic authors of a very interesting penumber eighty-two of those translations riod. Among the fragments of Polybius, are entirely new. By means of versions there is one of the 39th book, in which he newly effected in the Oriental tongues, announces that the 40th and last was to more than half the present population of treat of Chronology. the globe have had the pages of Divine In another palimpseste M. Mai has found inspiration exhibited in a tongue which a political treatise posterior to the time they can read and understand. The study of Cicero, in which that orator is quoted, of those languages has also led to the with many other Greek and Latin authors. establishment of literary institutions. ROYAL ATHENÆUM OF PARIS. Among others, there is one of great pro- The programme of the Royal Atbenæum mise at Malacca, under the designation of of Paris, for 1820, assumes that the Sothe Anglo-Chinese College. The object of ciety is now in the 36th year of its eslathis institution is the cultivation of Chi.

blishment, under the successive names of nese and English Literature, and the dif

Museum, Lyceum, and Athenæum. It fusion of Christianity. It was founded by has weathered all the storms of the Revo. the Rev. Dr. Morrison; and the Rev. lution, having never suspended its labours Wm. Milae is appointed President and

or ceased to be frequented. From its one of the Tutors.

The University of sittings have issued a number of celeGlasgow, well aware of Mr. Milne's learn.

brated works, such as the course of Liteing and efficacy in this remoteßbut import, rature of La Harpe, the system of chemiant station, has unanimously conferred cal knowledge of Fourcroy, the history of on him the degree of Doctor in Divinity.- Italian Literature, by Ginguiné, &c. be. The Rer. Drs. Morrison and Milne have completed an entire translation of the of the Sciences. There are three distinct

sides daily Lectures on different branches Holy Scriptures in the Chinese language.

halls, one for conversation, and society, ANCIENT MANUSCRIPTS.

another for reading, and a third for the Some new discoveries of great interest ladies. All the journals and principal and importance have been made in the periodical works are taken in, and there is Vatican Library by M. Mai, the principal a well-furnished library. Under the name librarian.

of Museum, the unfortunate Pilatre de In a Greek palimpseste manuscript Rosier was its principal support; but in (where the first writing has been effaced 1785, after bis death, Monsieur, the Count in order to make the parchment serve a de Provence (now Louis XVIII.), assisted second time) containing the Harangues by characters of rank and talents, enof the orator Aristides, the learned libra. larged its plan, &c. appropriated till then rian has succeeded; in discovering a part only to the Sciences. It then assumed of the Extracts of Constantine Porphyro- the name of Lyceum.


[ 623 ]


she goes,


A Poem. By the Rev. J. GRAHAM, M. A. Monumentum et pignus amoris.”_Virg. “I WOULD wish from my heart, that you

and my sister, and Lissoy, and Bally. mabon, and all of you, would fairly make a migration to Middlesex; though, upon second thoughts, this might be attended with a few inconveniences--therefore, as the mountain will not come to Mahomet, why Mahomet shall go to the mountain ; or, to speak plain English, as you cannot conveniently pay me a visit, if vext summer I can contrive to be absent six weeks from London, I shall spend three of them among my friends in Ireland.

In the meanwhile, such is my maladie du pais (as the French call it), if I go to the opera where signora Columba pours out all her mazes of melody, I sit and sigh for the fire side at Lissoy, and Johnny Armstrong's last good night from l'eggy Golden. If I climb Flamstead bill, than where nature never exhibited a more magnificent prospect, I confess it fine, but then I had rather be placed on the liitle mount before Lissoy gate, and there lake in for me the most pleasing horizon in nature." Oliver Goldsmith to Daniel Hud. son, Esg. at Lissoy, near Ballymahon, December 27, 1757.

SWEET BALLYMAHON*! built upon a plain

[grain, Rich in fair flocks t and herds, and golden Through whose green boson, smiling as

[flows, The beauteous Inoy I to the Shannon Near far-famed Lougbree, where once from Killaloe,

[few ;
Sailed Thomond's monarch, with a chosen
Moving along in military pride,
His army inarching by the Shannon side.
Bright in the annals of old Eriu's fame,
Was that great day which gave to thee

thy pame,
When valiant Malon, on thy fertile Geld,
Compellid the troops of Brefny's chief to

yield; Wbile proud O'Rourke, in Shruel's bloody stream,

(name, Lost with his shield his honour and his Far, lovely village ! from thy blest abodes,

[rodes, The love of home my busy mind corLeads me to look on life like sleep or death,

[breath ;
Absent from thee, where first I drew my
And oft in Fancy's fascinated eye,
The brilliant scenes round thee can I

descry ;
Tirlicken's § heights bright rising towards


the sun,

Once forfeited, again by valour won,

* A market and Sessions town, in the county of Longford, 52 miles from Dublin.

+ On the 21st of May, 1802, ten five years old bullocks were sold at Ballymahon, for 400 guineas, and ten four-years' old heisers for 300 guineas. These caitle were the property of Lord Oxmantown (afterwards Earl of Ross), and for size, shape, and fat, could not be equailed; they were fed on grass and hay.

The river Inny is celebrated in the ancient history of Ireland, for a battle fought near its confluence with Loughree, in the county of Longsord, in the year of our Lord 960, between Mahon, king of Thomond, and Feargal, the son of Ruarc, a circumstance which gave the name of Ballymahon to the market town now standing on the spot where the battle was fought. Mahon, the elder brother, and immediate predecessor of the celebrated Bryan Boru, having made a truce with the Danes, collected at Cin Curtha, and the places adjacent to Killala, a large number of troops and flat-bottomed boats, in which he embarked with a select body of troops; he passed up the river Shannon, making descents on different parts of the Connaught side of the river, raising contributions every where, till he reached Lough Ree. Here he landed his whole force, and marched into the country of Ruarc. Near the banks of the river Inny, not far from its confluence with Lough Ree, Fergal, the son of Ruarc, Prince of Brefny, who had watched the motions of this invading army, made a desperate attack on Ma. hon; a bloody battle ensued, in which Fergal was defeated. In his flight, he plunged into the river, where he threw away his shield, which fell into the hands of Mahon, and was for ages afterwards preserved as a trophy by his posterity, and used in their wars with the princes of Connaught. An account of this battle is preserved in a poem in the book of Munster, and in O'Halloran's History of Ireland,

$ The present mansion-house of Tirlicken was built by the last Lord Annaly, whose family inherited the Sankey estate in the county of Longford, but the old house was the residence and property of Sir Connell O'Farrell, knight, who was restored to his estates by the Act of Settlement, in 1662, in consideration of his having (with four other distinguished members of his ancient family, who were restored to their properties in the county of Longford, by the same act) served under King Charles 11. during Cromwell's usurpation,



When for a banished king, in worst of Where first he tried his muse's tender wing, times,

[climes, And made these rocks, and woods, and valO'Farrell fought and bled in foreign

lies ring. Great Tenelick *, where once the noble To bim, sweet Bard ! none held a friendly Gore

hand, Indulg'd bis taste for legendary lore ; Early and poor he left bis native land; Renowned for hospitality afar,

As here bis aged mother dwelt in woe, His was the home of all the Northern Bar; Remote, unfriended, solitary, slow, Choice was their fare-pectareous was He passed the lazy Scheldt and wandering their howl,

Po," But sweeter far their Attic flow of soul. And in his face “the rude unfeeling boor, In 'bright collision, round went jest and With ruthless hand, oft clos'd bis rugged scar, [tug of war."

door." “ When Greek met Greek, and tried the To England's wealthy capital returned, Round these green dales, with vocal hound There, like a meteor, his genius burn'd; and horn,

[morn, But while his fame became a Nation's The joyous train oft waked the blushing


[died. And man and horse, with dusty sweat be- His heart was broke, he sicken'd, and he dewed,

Oh! what rich pleasure could that heart The bounding stag o'er Annaly pursued.

enjoy, The scene's changed now, Time rolls re- From one last view of Pallas I or Lissoy $;

si lentless on,

[gone; How would it bound, one moment to bave The wiod pass'd over them, and they are The wit that " set the table in a roar," Gay Forney bill or Ballymahon Green, Sunk in the tomb, astonishes no more ; George Conway's || sigo-post, Anthony's Deer, hounds, and horsemen all, their

old mill, course have run,

Or Ballybranigau's deep murmuring rill, Faded, like shadows, with the setting sun. Ere his kind soul to kindred spirits fled, Newcastle of too, still mourning for the Or those he lov'd were number'd with the loss

[Ross ;

dead. Of her late Lord, the Noble Earl of Dear but forsaken friends and shades, Wise, good, and kind, renown'd for heart


[dwell, and head,

Though far away I am constrained to We lov'd him living, and lament him dead. My heart, like bis, when fancy sets me free, Full ost at midnight hour I muse one, Turns, Ballymabon, constantly to thee On many a worthy friend now dead and To thee, when sober Autumn cools the day, gone

One annual visit I could wish to pay, But most on those who cheer'd my early And journeying far o'er mountain, moor, day,

and plain,

[main:And, ere the golden hour had pass'd See the few friends who yet in thee re. Led me, with stedfast ardour, to engage An honour'd sire, for king and country In timely studies of the classic page,


(old, And on bright Iony's flowery banks to Descended from "a race renowned of stray,

[lay. Whose war-cry oft has wak'd the battle Thundering old Homer's grand heroic

swell,” Dear and delightful baunts of joy and When Caledonia's foes before them fell: love!

[rove. A worthy brother, whom wild war's Where tuneful Goldsmith often used to


{arms, From Castlecore to Ballymulvey grove; Called forth, in early youth, to martial

* The residence of a noble branch of the Gore family, now extinct-of which, the most remarkable were George Gore, second Judge of the Commou Pleas, and the late Lord Annally, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, whose high classical attainments and princely hospitality, are still remembered in the county of Longford.

+ The late Earl of Ross died in London on the 20th of April, 1807. His death was an irreparable loss to the county of Longford, and is deeply felt there yet.

# Oliver Goldsmith was born at Pallas, near Forney hill, on the 29th of November, 1728, See p. 618, and his epitaph, p. 620.

$ The residence of the Rev. Henry Goldsmith, brother of the poet, and Curate of Kilkenny, West, in the county of Westmeath.

Il The respectable owner of the old established inn, at Ballymahon, now kept by his niece Mrs. Lee. In a letter from Goldsmith to Robert Bryanton, Esq. published in the Anthologia Hibernica, the Poet says, “ As Ballymahon may afford you but little news to communicate, pray tell me has George Conway put up his new sign, or Tom Allen got a new wig."


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Select Poetry.

625 Prais'd and belord, a faithful sword to The following lines are fron an unpublished wield,


Poem,connected with some of the localities From Indian climes to Netherlands' proud of the village of Staveley, co. Derby, One only sister, skill'd, with tender art, described in page 577. They refer to the To give sweet comfort to a parent's heart:

Rev. Francis ĜISBORNE 1 see page 579), A matchless model of true filial love, and are more than poetically true. Whose worth's recorded in the rolls above: YOU ask, perhaps, if with becoming And at pale eve, from human eye remov'd,


[place; I'd wish to see the tombs of those I lov'd; The Village Pastor fill'd his sacred Their grass-grown gravesmbut, here the I knew him well; in dress and manners scene I close,


[train, Nor burst the cerements of sepulchred Read, and approved by all the village In resignation to the will of heaven, A Priest in works, a Patriach in age; Thankful for countless blessings kindly His life transceibed from Charity's fair given;

page. For blessings felt so dear, and prized so Indeed, his hand dealt largely to the poor, well,

[tell, And want and misery hail'd his open I dare not trust my heart their names to

door, Save only one

an humbled, cheerful Nor e'er returo'd unblest, nor unreliev'd, mind,

[find! For much he gave, as he had much reDispos'd ev’n here, some happiness to


[hard, Yet not unwilling to those realms to fly, Not that he tyth'd the village crops too Where God shall wipe the tears from every But Providence ordain'd his rich reward. eye;

His name was echoed by the poor around, And countless myriads their voices raise, And many a heart grew lighter at the In one sweet hymn of everlasting praise !

sound. Lifford, Sept. 9, 1920.

But not alone to casual alms confined,

His liberal band obeyed a liberal mind; TO

Full oft around his board in reverent state, I WOULD not have a bost of friends, A goodly row of ancient widows sate, Dissembling for their several ends. Invited to partake the grateful meal, Him happier far I deem

His hospitality rejoiced to deal : Few friends possessing ; but those few

For them he slaughtered too the fatted steer,

[the year. So firm, so generous, so true, They live in his esteem.

What time glad Christmas festal closed

The village matron, should disease And, but that solace heaven denies,

assail One far above the rest I'd prize ;

Herself, or neighbour, thither told her tale; And round my heart I'd fold her.

Nor fear'd in sickness, she should feebly And late a fair celestial form

pine, Appeared, that widow'd heart to warm,

If fallen strength required a little wine; But only left it colder.

Or if in fever jellies might allay (they. Yet not extinct the vital spark, [dark The hot distempered palate, there were Which, given to chase th' unwholesome Or if, when convalescence feebly claim'd Of lone celibacy,

Some soothing hand, but left that hand Will sometimes brighten into flame,

unnam's, And play around this suffering frame, The kind attention of the Parson's wife In cruel inockery.

Might cheer the hopes of slow, reviving life,

Alas! he never had a wife : with tears As, turning to the East, I'd fain Behold that beauteous sun again,

The villagers deplored the lapse of years Which rose upon my view

Whose long succession had their honours

shed In other climes ; illuming, cheering ; It's bright and glowing rays appearing

A crown of hopeless gray upon his head. Throughout Heaven's circling blue.

Hopeless for them, as one sad day they must

[dust To Friendship then I calmly turn;

Weep grief's last tribute o'er his childless I still would feel, yet would not burn

The last most honoured relict of a race Again with Love's devotion.

Of generous benefactors to the place. Rather than live once more to know

This thought could prompt the village Its vain regrets, its fruitless woe,

parent's sigh, I'd seek my M. in ocean.

Lest CHARITY herself with him should die! What need of friends a numerous boast, And their poor children born beyond his Whist and , themselves a host,

day, Still bear me in their hearts ?

Might sink to painful indigence a prey. Whose smiles each anxious hour will cheer, While thus they mourn and antedate his And lighten every care, while here loss,

[cross. We play our several parts.

Hope, mercy, promise, consecrate the Gent. Mag. Suppl. XC. Part II.

J. H.



IN Great Britain, the number of men, of females, is as twenty-six to twenty-five. capable of risiog in arms, en masse, from From calculations, founded on the bills 15 to 60 years of age, is 2,744,847, of mortality, only one out of 3125 reaches or about four in every seventeen males. one hundred years.

The total number of inhabited houses In the sea-ports of Great Britain there in England, in 1801, was 1,474,740. In are 132 females to 100 males ; and, in 1690, they were 1,319,215. In 1759, the the manufacturing towns, 113 females to surveyors of the house and window duties 100 males. returned 986,412; and in 1781, 1,005,810. According to the population returns in

In 1801, the proportion of persons to 1811, the number of males in proportion a house in England were five and two- to that of females, within the walls of the thirds ; in Wales five ; in England and city of London, is as 100 to 138. Wales, five and three-fifths; in Scotland, In the city of Westminster, the proporfive and two-fifths; and in Great Britain, tion is 100 males to 117 females. la five and five-ninths.

1801, the proportion was as 100 to 115. The total of the male population of In the borough of Southwark, the numGreat Britain, in 1801, was 5,450,292, ber of males to the females is as 100 to and of females, 5,492,354, which is in the 144. In 1601, the proportion of this part proportion of 100 females to 99 males. of the metropolis was as 100 to 111.

There are, in Great Britain, six millions Taking the whole population of the of males, and in Ireland, three millions ; metropolis, according to the last enume. of whom, in the year 1812, 807,000 were ration, at 1,099,104, the proportion of in arms, that is in the proportion of one males to females is as 100 to 128. to eleven.

The small-pox in the natural way, In Great. Britain there die every year usually carries off eight out of every about 332,700; every month, about hundred., By inoculation, one dies out 25,592; every week, 6,398; every day, of three hundred; but, according to Dr. 914 ; and every hour, about 40.

Willan, one in two hundred and fifty dies The proportion of the deaths of women of inoculated small-pox. to that of men is fifty to fifty-four.

During the first thirty years of the There are about 90,000 marriages eighteenth century, the number of deaths yearly ; and of sixty-three marriages, in London, from small-pox, was seventythree only are observed to be without four out of every thousand. offspring.

In the last thirty years of the same Married women live longer than those century, the deaths from the same cause who are not married.

were about one-tenth of the whole more In country places there are on an aver- tality, or ninety-five out of every thou. age, four children born of each marriage. sand. Inoculation for the sinall pox has, In cities and large towns the proportion therefore, actually multiplied the disease, is seven to every two marriages.

which it was intended to ameliorate, in The married women are, to all the the proportion of five to four. female inhabitants of a country, as one to It is estimated that, of the number of three, and the married men to all the persons who are blind, one in four lose males, as three to five.

their sight by the small-pox. The number of widow's is to that of Out of more than 40,000 cases, which widowers as three to one; but that of had fallen under the observation of an widows who re-marry to that of widowers eminent physician, be vever met with one as four to five,

in which a person with red or light flaxen The number of old persons who die hair had the small pox to confluence. during the cold weather, is, to those who die The clergy of the church of England, during the warm season, as seven to four. including their families, form about one

More people live to a great age in eightieth part of the population of Engelevated situations, than in those which land. are lower.

In the county of Somerset, the number Half of all that are born, die before they of males to that of females, is in the proattain seventeen years.

portion of 87 to 100; and in the four The number of twins is to that of single western counties of England, Corawall, births, as one to sixty-five.

Devon, Somerset, and Dorset, the pumAccording to the observations of Boer. ber of males is to that of females, as 88 haave, the healthiest children are born in to 100. January, February, and March.

It appears from tables, from 1773 to The greatest number of births is in 1787, that nearly one in eight of all the February and March.

cases of insanity, are imputable to reliThe proportion of males born, to that gious fanaticism.


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