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'The latter alone could, according to law, direct tha execution; the copies were not yet made—they would occupy a considerable portion of the day.' (If the copies, which could be made' by twenty clerks, were to occupy a considerable portion of the day, now could all the originals have been written by one hand in an hour?) ""On rhy return to Paris I should have waited on the governor,—on the first consul—who knows? But all of a sudden this terrific' explosion informed us that the prince was no more.
'We know not whether Ne (Savary) who thus hurried on this dreadful execution had orders for doing so.—If he had not, he alone is responsible; if he had, the court, which knew nothing of these orders,which itself was kept in confinement, (an open court!J the court, whose last resolution was in favour of the prince, could neither foresee nor prevent the catastrophe.'—Explic. p. 12. 14.
Without dwelling on General Hulin's defence of his own share in the fatal preliminaries, it is quite clear that Tne Man behind the chair was the immediate murderer; and that this Man was the: same Savary who affects to deplore that the duke was put to death by mistake; and who accuses M. de Talleyrand of having hastened the execution, and of having suppressed a letter that might have led to mercy! We want language—we should rather say—no language is necessary to express the horror of every honest mind at such bloody duplicity.
But M. Savary had not yet finished his task—the grave, indeed, was ready—it had been dug before the trial—the duke.was condemned—the road to mercy was shut,—but he was still alive! no warrant had been given—no time was appointed for the execution.
'Morning approached,' says M. Dupin, ' and Buonaparte would not' permit Paris to learn, on awaking, that a prince of the house of Bourbon was in its neighbourhood and alive, even though he was in the dungeon of Vincennes.'—Pieces Hist. p. 30.
What passed in the three dark hours which elapsed between the sentence and the execution is buried in the graves of the' Bourbon and Buonaparte, and in the heart of M. Savary. One thing alone is certain—that, as at his trial, he was deprived of what the law expressly allowed, a legal adviser, so in his agony he was denied what never was before refused—the consolations of religion. By what warrant, he was, in defiance of the general law and of the individual sentence itself, executed so suddenly, we cannot, as we have already stated, discover. General Hulin, as we have shown, knows no more than we do. But, M. Savary commanded! His account of the crisis is as follows:
'The court deliberated a long time; it was not till two hours after the room was cleared that the sentence was known.
'The officer who commanded the infantry of my regiment came with
deep deep emotion to tell me, that a party was required to execute the sentence—I answered, Give It.'—Memoirs, p. 30.
Nothing in the whole pamphlet has excited so much mdignation in France, as the cold-blooded laconism of this answer— "give It"—these two dry words were, as far as we are informed, the only death-warrant of the descendant of so many kings and of so many heroes.
The trial, as we have seen, had been fair—the court open—the execution too was public. He was shot between five and six o'clock in the morning of a foggy 21st of March, in the ditch of the fortress, about fourteen feet below the level of the ground! M. Savary, who confesses nothing else, admits that he designated the spot—the reasons of his choice are admirable!
'" Where shall the party of execution be placed ?" asked the officer— "where," I answered, "you can hurt nobody ;" for already the inhabitants of the populous neighbourhood of Paris were proceeding along the roads to the several markets.'—Memoirs, p. 30.
O the tender heart of M. Savary—his dearest anxiety is not to hurt an innocent person! but, unfortunately for this pretence, every inhabitant of Paris knows, that no road passes within a mile of the front of the castle; and still more unfortunately, the grave had been dug on the spot early the preceding evening, while the unconscious victim was at supper. M. Savary says the grave was dug between the sentence and execution; better evidence gives the fact as we have stated it; but whensoever dug, if dug before the execution, it contradicts M. Savary's story. But M. Savary tells us a more important and affecting circumstance—it was not till he was brought down the back stairs suddenly into the ditch, that the prince heard his sentence—they had ingeniously managed this agreeable surprise for him—-the sentence was, at the same minute, read and executed. For this refinement of atrocity we were quite unprepared; but it must be admitted, that it is the natural climax of this dreadful series of barbarity.
Another circumstance, though of less importance, is too curious to be passed over. Savary tells us that Buonaparte did not intend that the duke should have been shot that night—nay, that it was done without his knowledge; and the proof he gives of this extravagant assertion is, that he, Savary, on returning to town after the execution, met the privy counsellor Real going leisurely down to Vincennes to examine the prisoner. If the fact were true, it would prove no more than that Buonaparte did not acquaint Real that the duke was to be murdered that night. But it seems that even this worthless fact is not true; for Mehee de la Touche, who was deeply, and we must add disgracefully, implicated plicated in the whole affair, attests, on his own evidence, and, what is better, upon that of all Real's servants and clerks, that on that never-to-be-forgotten day, Real did not leave his own house till the afternoon, and was consequently not to be met near Vincennes at seven o'clock in the morning. We have some little curiosity (though the fact itself be of no value) to see what Savary will say to this direct contradiction.
Let us now, in justice to M. Savary, state that his defence is in two points successful; he proves that he did not fasten a lantern to the prince's breast, as a mark for the executioners—but, admitting this, we must add that no one, to our knowledge, ever said thai he did. We have, indeed, seen it asserted that the prince himself had so fixed the lantern—he may have clone so—there was, M. Savary confesses, a lantern in the ditch, and such an act would be consistent with the whole of the modest yet intrepid conduct of the duke; but certainly M. Savary did not go down into the ditch to fix the lantern; he stood ou the parapet and only commanded the troops who fired at the bosom of the victim, which M. Savary evidently thinks is less horrid than firing at a lantern!
He defends himself also successfully against another imputation, which we never before heard of, his having stolen the prince's watch; ' Is it possible,' he indignantly asks, 'that any one can suspect me, a general in the French army, a minister of state, of having stolen a watch?' We readily answer—no; and we are not the less slow in this acquittal from a fact stated by ourselves so long ago as July, 1817, namely, that when the body of the illustrious victim was, in 1816, removed for Christian burial from the ditch in which M. Savary had huddled it, his watch was found. No ; M. Savary only took his life—his watch he spared.
The horror of all the rest of this melancholy detail stifles the ridicule which the disproval of these two fancied accusations would have otherwise excited; and the result of the whole discussion is, that M. Savary has confirmed not only all that he was suspected of, but a great deal more; and that he has disproved nothing but two contemptible circumstances of which he had never been accused.
TWENTY-NINTH VOLUME Of The QUARTERLY
Adams (Capt. John), Sketchesof Ten Voy-
Africa, account of researches in the inte-
Agriculture, miserable state of, among the
Albion, settlement of, notice of, 364, 365.
Alia Bhye, interesting anecdotes of, 390,
America, Indians of, of Tartar origin, 13—
Andocides, the orator, character and misfor-
Andrewes (Bishop), style of, 299.
Aranjuez, account of the Spanish insurrec-
Aristogeiton, oration of Hyperides against,
Arkansas, river, course of, 22, 23—exube-
Arnault (M.), Regulus, TragSdie, 25—re-
Athens, state of, after the battle of Clue-
Aurungzebe, bigoted conduct of, 387.
Autos da Fe, account of two, at Valladolid^ V
Avars, irruptions of, into Europe, 118.
Bacon (Friar), account of the philosophy
Wales, 554—and in whose patronage, ib.
555—average income of each benefice,
Bhats, or bards of the Rajpoots, notice of,
Bheels, a native tribe of central India, no-
notice of, 511.
unities on, 421, 423.
138—importance of his geological lec-
Buonaparte, perfidious measures of, to ob-
Burnet's (Bishop) History of his Own
VOL. XXIX. NO. LVIII Q Q
on Burnet, 169—real value of his history,
170—judicious strictures on it by the
Campbell (Augustus), Appeal on behalf of