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Sir James Ware would now have at histered into an union with the army of the command far less literary leisure than for- supreme council, led to his banishment. He merly: it is evident, however, that his fa was ordered, as an object of formidable vourite pursuits did not even then cease to mistrust, to transport himself beyond the hold an important influence over his mind seas to any country, save England, which and actions. His detention at Oxford gave suited his pleasure. To ordinary minds an him full opportunity of conversing with exile in a foreign and distant land ever premany learned men, and he made numerous senis a revolting aspect. But to Sir James extracts connected with the early state of Ware it was an exchange of troublesome Ireland, from the manuscripts contained in functions for the still and soothing occupathe libraries of the university. The sense tions of science, which ever afforded to his which Oxford entertained of the national enquiring mind the most delightful of sobenefits which Sir James had conferred laces. Accompanied by his eldest son, he upon his country, were evinced by the ho set sail in the spring of 1649 for France, norary degree with which he was compli- where St. Maloes, Caen and Paris, became mented of doctor of laws. His return home his successive places of residence. In the was followed by a serious disaster. Being French cities he cultivated an acquaintance taken prisoner at sea by one of the ships in with eminent literati, but more particularly the service of the Parliament, he was sent at Caen, with a savant of kindred, archæoa prisoner to the Tower of London, where, logical pursuits, the ardent and indefatito beguile a tedious imprisonment, he wrote gable Bochart. At the expiration of a four an imaginary voyage to an Utopian island, years' exile, when the political horizon was which, having never been published, is now considered more clear, Sir James had the regarded as lost. At length, after a painful liberty conceded to him, upon the urgent detention of ten months, an exchange of plea of his presence being indispensable to prisoners was agreed upon, which obtained the well-being of his estates, to revisit Irethe release of Sir James Ware, whose re land. He had kept a written journal of his turn to his native country was hailed with foreign exile, under the title of Itinerarium great satisfaction. His excellent qualifica- Gallicum, which was never published. It tions for public business were again called now holds a place in the shelves of the Cotinto requisition :-for although he lived at a tonian library. The first care of Sir James period when party prejudices and feelings upon his return, and after arranging his ran to a height unknown to Ireland even in private affairs, was to add to bis extensive her later times of trouble, his political con- collections of national and ancient manuduct ever assumed a mild form, calculated, scripts, for which he spared no cost; and, if not to completely resist, at least to soften as he did not himself understand the speakdown the asperities of the age. The first ing of the Irish language, though he could proof of the trust reposed in him was his make a shift to read it, he constantly kept being conjoined with two distinguished no- in his house an Irish amanuensis, of the blemen in a committee of enquiry relative name of Dudley Firbisse, to aid him in the to the Earl of Glamorgan, who, it was ima- translation of dubious passages. At length gined, had exceeded his commission in he was enabled to prepare for the press his patching up a clandestine peace with the master-piece, which he published under the disaffected Irish.

title “ De Hibernia et Antiquitatibus ejus In 1647 the Marquis of Ormond surren- disquisitiones." Its success even advanced dered the metropolis of Ireland, in obedi- his reputation, high as it already was, in the ence to the King's order, to the Parliament, republic of learning. Among other gratewhen Sir James Ware, along with the Lord ful effects, it recommended him to the intiRichard Butler, afterwards Earl of Arran, macy of the English antiquary Sir William the Earl of Roscommon and Colonel Arthur Dugdale. A second impression of this celeChichester, became hostages for the faith-brated work being demanded, it appeared, ful performance of the conditions of surren at the expiration of five years, with an addider. The consequent detention of Sir James tion of records relative to the affairs of Irein London, which did not perhaps exceed land during the reign of Henry VII. And, the term of one year, again allowed him in 1656, he illustrated, with valuable notes, literary leisure, and the society of the Eng- the ecclesiastical works usually ascribed to lish savans. Upon his return to Dublin he St. Patrick. found that the reins of power had passed The restoration of CHARLES II. and the into the hands of rancorous enemies, and recall of the Marquis of Ormond to the vicethat his long and unshaken adherence to the royalty of Ireland, under the title of Duke royal cause had rendered him obnoxious to of Ormond, interrupted for a time these litethe new governor of Dublin,

Michael Jones. rary labours. Sir James Ware, the tried He was deprived of his office of auditor- and faithful adherent of the royal cause, and general, while his well-known intimacy with the confidential friend of the restored Lord the Marquis of Ormond, who had then en- | Lieutenant, was invited to resume his for

mer office of auditor-general. To this con and the fatigue of rank, with the habits of firmed sentiment of public approbation the the savant, it may be justly questioned, university of Dublin responded, by electing whether, under any conditions he would Sir James, for a second time, one of their have been inclined to risk, from mere perrepresentatives in Parliament. And, lastly, sonal motives of ambition, the great object when the government appointed a chosen of all his worldly desires, which, to adopt council for the peaceful settlement of the his own expression, was “ to enquire into affairs of the kingdom, and for the satisfac- the dark mazes of Irish antiquity, that the tion of the several interests of adventurers, knowledge of them might spread, not only Sir James Ware was, by the king's special at home, but abroad.” Independently, howinstructions, included in the quorum indis- ever, of these considerations, there subsisted pensible to the validity of every act of the peculiar domestic circumstances affecting royal commission. With this renovation, his posterity, (to be explained hereafter), and even accession of political power en

which alone furnished an irresistible argutrusted to him, Sir James never allowed ment for the refusal of the proffered dignity. himself to be urged or betrayed to acts of Decliving, therefore, the honour intended harsh retaliation towards a fallen party. for him, yet anxious that his royal master An anecdote to this point is preserved : should not misconstrue the motives of his a valuable dwelling-house in Dublin, for- refusal, he requested, in lieu of a Peerage, feited by an act of rebellion on the part of two blank patents of Baronetage, which he the deceased owner, had been gifted to him filled up with the names of two friends, by the government. But he found that the whose posterity, Walter Harris assures us, acceptance of the grant would inflict upon a have continued to his day to enjoy the hebereaved family a more than common de- reditary distinctions. gree of suffering ; sending, therefore, for The later contributions of Sir James Ware the widow and children under atfliction, he to the early history of Ireland, were coninstantly replaced them beneath the tutelar fined to ecclesiastical affairs. He edited two protection of their family roof. While bis epistles of the venerable Bede, in illustration conduct, however, towards old and bitter op- of the more ancient customs of the British ponents could be only manifested by acts of churches, and preparatory to the last comself-denial, his kindly feelings towards his mentary published by him, when he was old political associates less fortunate than seventy years old, relative to the bishops of himself, whom the crown had neglected, or Ireland, from the dawn of the Christian faith, had not the means to reward, was not of a down to modern times. And even when he contingent, but of a positive character: it was approaching still nearer to the very adwas systematically displayed in acts of solid vanced term beyond which human existence friendship, or in the hospitality of a plentiful is rarely prolonged, he contemplated the table, to which the decayed cavalier was ever publication of divers other researches conmade welcome. These generous acts could nected with Ireland. These were frustrated not fail to command the esteem of his fellow- by his decease, which took place on the 1st citizens, whose frequent testimonials in his December, 1666, in the seventy-third year favour, were acknowledged by the corres of his age. When CHARLES II. was informed ponding solicitude which he evinced in pro- of his death, he was heard to exclaim, with moting their municipal interests. When, much apparent feeling, that he had lost a for instance, the chief magistrate of Dublin faithful servant. But it is less for the powas dignified with the title of Lord Mayor, litical, than for the literary services which the influence of Sir James Ware, with the he has rendered to his country, that his Duke of Ormond, procured from the crown name will be perpetuated among the wora grant to the city of five hundred pounds thies of the sister kingdom.--He has been per annum, for the support of the new dig- properly designated, The Camden OF IREnity. Amidst these varied political duties LAND. and avocations it may easily be supposed, Sir James Ware, in his will, had directed that Sir James would find the opportunities that his body should be deposited under the afforded bim for indulging in his usual lite- tombstone in St. Werberg's church, Dublin, rary occupations much diminished. He where his father, mother, wife, and some of published, however, in 1662, the annals of his children lay buried. This was done in Ireland, during the reign of HENRY VIII. ; the most unostentatious manner ; neither to which, two years afterwards, he added stone nor monumental inscription inarking those of the subsequent reigns of EDWARD the place where his remains were interred. VI. and Mary-As a reward for these im- “ But he had taken care,” remarked his biomense labours, political as well as literary, grapher, “to erect a monument for himself it was proposed to create Sir James a Vis- by his labours, more lasting than any moulcount of the kingdom of Ireland; but, as he dering materials.” must have well known from experience, Sir James m. first, 31st December, 1620, how incompatible is the formal splendour Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob Newman, esq.


of the city of Dublin. She was b. 7th July, son James Crofton, is mentioned in 1604, d. 9th June, 1651, and was interred at

Sir James Ware's will. St. Werberg's, Dublin. Sir James left issue, 11. Rose, b. 10th January, 1627, m. 12th JAMES, his heir.

January, 1648, to Richard, Lord Robert,b. 23rd October, 1639. His father

Lambart, afterwards Earl of Cavan. left him in his will, for reasons to be

She d. Ist January, 1647, (alias 29th explained hereafter, lands and tene

December, preceding). Their son,

Charles, Lord Lambart, is mentioned ments at Finglas and Tawlaght, in the county of Dublin, at Ballynogow in

in Sir James Ware's will.

III. Anne. the Queen's county, and elsewhere ;

died unmarried. besides all the goods, debts, books, Sir James Ware m. secondly, Elizabeth,

iv. Elizabeth. money and plate, of which he might die possessed. The books, including, younger daughter of Henry Lord Windsor, probably the valuable collection of and widow of her cousin Andrew Windsor, Irish manuscripts collected by Sir esq. But there was no issue by this marJames Ware, were

no doubt be- riage.t queathed to Robert Ware, in conside James Ware, esq. elder of the two surration of the early literary zeal wbich viving sons of the historian, was b. 9th Auhe displayed.- Robert Ware was a gust, 1622. He succeeded his father, as very voluminous author on contro auditor-general of Ireland. This gentleman versial subjects, the very titles of his

was doomed to witness the declining fortunes volumes exhibiting the spirit of the of the family resulting from peculiar dotimes in which they were written. mestic circumstances to which a slight alluIt may be easily supposed that their sion has been made in the account given of anti-papal character would not re

Sir James Ware. It appears that of the commend the author to JAMES II. ; six sons of Sir James Ware, two only had for, when the earl of Tyrconnel, survived, James and Robert. The latter, landed in Dublin to take upon him Robert, had been affected during his youth the government of Ireland, Robert with epileptic fits, which led the father to

company with other


entertain an unfavourable presentiment retlemen favourable to the orange cause, lative to his future constitutional state, both fled to England, where he remained of body and mind. Acting therefore, under until recalled by the event of the bat- the impression, that his younger son affordtle of the Boyne.

During these ed no hereditary hopes to the family, he troubles the property of the family entailed the bulk of his estates upon the suffered. The numerous Irish ma

children of his eldest son, James, by Miss nuscripts collected by Sir James Hickman. Robert Ware, however, as he Ware, at an immense expense and grew older, exhibited a vigorous state of labour, fell into the possession of body and mind, which gave the parent no the Earl of Clarendon, lord lieutenant small cause of regret for what he had done; of Ireland, in the reign of James II. while, to add to his mortification, one heir by whom they were sold to the Duke male only, of a very delicate constitution, of Chandos, °(See Harris's Ware, resulted from the marriage of his elder son, vol.ii. p. 157). Robert Ware m. 24th who afforded slender expectation that he December, 1661, Elizabeth, daughter would live to enjoy the family estates. of Sir Henry Piers, bart. of Trister. Sir James Ware now saw that in case of a nagb, in the county of Westmeath, and failure of male heirs from the said marriage, d. 7th April, 1697, leaving only one

his precipitate measure of general entail, son Henry, who had issue, *

might cause the family estates to be concen1. Mary, b. 21st March, 1625, m. 12th event of her marriage and dying without

trated in a grand-daughter, and that in the October 1647, to Sir Edward Crofton, issue, the large property thus entailed would bart. of Moate, in the county of Ros- be transferred to a heir general of some common. She died in 1651. Their other family, though a proper lineal succes


Henry, only son and heir of Robert Ware, distinguished editor of Sir James Ware's esq. of Dublin, m. Mary, daughter of Peter Eger works. One daughter, Mary, was the issue ton, esq. of Shaw, Lancashire. He d. in 1740, of this marriage. and left issue,

Henry WARE, D.D. of Dublin, successor to his 1. James Wane, esq. of Dublin, who died brother, m. Anne, daughter of Wrightson Munds,

unm. 1st March, 1764, and was buried at esq. of Markeaton, Derbyshire. He died in 1778, St. Werberg's.

and left issue, described in vol. i. p. 26. 2. HENRY WARE, D.D. who succeeded to his + This second marriage, omitted by Harris, is brother James.

recorded in all the peerages, and also in the pedi1. Elizabeth, m. to Walter Harris, esq. the gree of the Revetts, of Hertfordshire.

sor might exist at the time. With this very lock, with Sir John St. Leger, knt. possible contingency, the mind of Sir James one of the barons of the court of ExWare was duly impressed, when it was pro chequer in Ireland, in whom, accordposed to create him a viscount of the king

ing to the assertion of Walter Hardom of Ireland. He too plainly perceived, ris, “ the estate of the family vested.” that a proper lineal successor, if born to a See Harris's Ware, vol. ii. p. 156. peerage, or even to a baronetage, would 2. Jacobetta, to whom Sir James Ware have very precarious hopes indeed of being left a legacy of five hundred pounds, able to support bis title with befitting dig but she died an infant. nity. This reflection therefore, must of it Elizabeth, the first wife of James Ware, self, have fully justified his refusal of any d. 4th November, 1667, and on the 24th of hereditary distinction intended for his fa- November, following :mily. But this was not the only consequence

“ The funeral baked meats resulting from the improvident proceeding. The creation of a general entail, upon the

Did coldly furnish forth the marriage table.” marriage of the elder son having been fatal James Ware m. secondly, Miss Barbara to the younger son's expectations, demanded Stone, in whose favour he subsequently every possible reparation. All the addition made a settlement to three trustees, viz. of fortune therefore, which Sir James Ware, to William Jones, esq. of Dublin, (whose in the later years of his life could save, was wife Jane, was sister to Barbara Stone,) conscientiously added to the provision pre- Sir Humphrey Lewis, knight, and Richard viously reserved by him, for the support of Chappell, esq. The issue of this second the said younger son, so that eventually marriage were, Robert Ware enjoyed a greater share of 1. JAMES, his heir, (a former son of property than usually falls to the lot of a that name, by the first marriage cadet. A dernier result of the unfortunate

having died.) entail thus raised upon the marriage of an el 1. Barbara, b. 2nd February, 1669, d. der son, was only felt in its full force, when

young and unmarried. this son contracted a second marriage. The 2. Jane, m. to Sir John Sandes, bacomparative situations therefore under which

ronet, in 1692. the children of each marriage were left, re 3. Elizabeth, m. to Andrew-Francis main to be traced. James Ware m. for Cheney, gentleman.* his first wife, on the 11th February, 1650, James Ware died on the 6th May, 1689, a niece of his mother-in-law, namely, Eli- in the city of Chester, whither he had fled zabeth, daughter of Dixie Hickman, esq. of during the short period of civil commotion Kew, and sister of Baron Windsor, after- in Ireland, attending the last effort of King wards Earl of Plymouth, upon which mar JAMES II. to regain his throne. Indepenriage, for reasons explained, there was dently of a previous settlement in favour of raised a general entail of the bulk of Sir his second family, he made a nuncupative James Ware's estates. The issue from this will, declaring that all which he had in the marriage were,

world, he left to his son, 1. James, named in Sir James Ware's the children resulting from the second mar

JAMES WARE, esq. The limited fortunes of will, of the date of 1665. He was the only son of his father's first mar

riage of their father, appear to have been

derived from a residuum of the family estates riage, and was consequently, born with considerable expectations of of the entail created by Sir James Ware,

which had escaped the alienating tendency fortune. But he died without issue.

conjoined probably, with the savings of the 1. Mary, b. 5th March, 1651, the only father, from his office as auditor-general of

surviving child of her father's first Ireland. By virtue of two deeds, the last of marriage. In succeeding to her bro- which was dated March 8th, 1683, James ther, James, of whole blood, she be- Ware, the father, after having reserved a procame heir of the entire estates which vision for himself

, and for his wife, Barbara, had been the subject of the general during their respective lives, settled most of entail created. When under age, his property upon his son, with the excepshe encountered a fate too common to rich heiresses, being forced away and married against her consent by a

* It is impossible to acquit Walter Harris, in Mr. James Shirley, but by a decree his professed genealogical history of the family of

Sir James Ware, on the score of ignorance for of the Consistory of Dublin, the marriage was dissolved. She subse

withholding every mention of the second marriage

of the historian's elder son and the issue resulting quently wedded Alexander Fraser, from it, as the very will of his father-in-law, Roesq. After his death she entered a bert Ware, makes mention of his nephew, James second, or, more properly speaking, Ware, and his nieces, the Lady Jane Sandes, and a third time into the state of wed Mrs. Eliza Ware.

“ The

tion of £1000. each, to his two daughters. | active military career being thus early cut But such was the complex state of the pro- short, he met with employment in England perty in general, owing to the causes in the home service of the army. Ultialready explained, that it gave rise to two mately, his military experience recommensuits in equity, the first of which was com ded him to the notice of Lord Strange, menced in the year 1692, by Sir John Sandes, afterwards Earl of Derby, and, in accepting baronet, on the part of Jane bis wife, against a commission in the royal Lancashire miliJames Ware, Elizabeth Ware, and Jane tia under his lordship’s command, his assisJones, sister of Mrs. Barbara Ware, his tance in organizing the details of regimental late mother-in-law. In the course of these duty was greatly appreciated. In this corps expensive and ruinous proceedings, Mace- the remainder of his life was rendered very town Castle, in the county of Meath, (now happy, as he possessed the society of a in ruins,) came into the possession of Mr. highly valued friend of congenial antiquaCheney, who had married Elizabeth Ware. rian pursuits, lieutenant-colonel Chadwick, James Ware m. Miss Fitzgerald, daughter of of the ancient house of Mavesyn-Ridware, * (Pierce ?] Fitzgerald, esq. of an ancient Ca- while an ample competency was secured to tholic family, in Westmeath, who, from some him by a second marriage which he confamily documents still preserved, claimed tracted. He d. 18th_July, 1779: while descent from the Ormonds, and was connected bathing in the sea at Tynemouth, in Norwith the families of Bruce, and O'Brien. thumberland, where the Lancashire militia By her he had issue,

was stationed, he was seized with an apo1. ROBERT, his heir.

plectic fit, and expired immediately. 2. Arthur, living in Castle-street, Dub- whole regiment,” remarked a journal of the

lin, who had a son, Thomas, b. in day, “ attended to pay respects to the re1750.

mains of a gentleman who was much res3. Joseph, 2

pected by the officers, and beloved by the who severally left issue.

privates.' His remains were interred with 1. Margaret, who d. 26th March, 1824, military honours, at the church of St. Ni

at New Kilmainbaim, at a very ad- cholas. Robert Ware m. 25th August, vanced age.

1748, at St. Marks, Dublin, Miss Anne James Ware, d. in 1755, being interred Thomas, of a Welsh family, leaving issue, (December, 6th) at St. Michaels, Dublin,

Pierce, baptized at St. Marks, August, and was succeeded by

19th 1750, he d. an infant. ROBERT WARE, esq. of Castle-street,

Sarah, his successor. Dublin. (See Harris's Dublin, p. 485). And for his second wife, he m. Dorothy, An excellent education was bestowed upon daughter of Thomas Slack, esq. of Slackthis gentleman, who, when he grew up, Hall, Derbyshire, by whom he had issue evinced, like his great-grandfather, a deci one daughter, viz. ded predilection for antiquarian pursuits, Margaret, b. 22nd September, 1763, bis favourite authors being Camden and

19th April, 1790, to Holland Ware. Being unable after the death of Watson, esq. of Stockport, Cheshire,t his father, to keep up the rank conceived and d. 9th July following; the interby him to be due to the older branch of an val between her marriage and death ancient house, his pecuniary embarrassments

being not many weeks. obliged him to dispose of his property in Sarah Ware, the only surviving child of Dublin and Westmeath, and, as he had Robert Ware, esq. who left issue, was born lost the lady whom he had recently espoused, in June, 1751. Soon after her mother's he left his only child, a daughter, in the death, when, in consequence of the declining care of his mother at Westmeath, and fortunes of the family, her father removed quitted his country to improve bis fortunes to England, she was left at Westmeath in the army. In the year 1761, when expe- under the care of her grandmother, who ditions were undertaken against the coasts educated her in the Roman Catholic faith. of France, and many young gentlemen of- Afterwards, in consequence of the improvefered their services to government, Robert ment which had taken place in the circumWare was present at the seige of Belleisle, stances of her father, she was sent for to where, in the endeavour to rescue an officer England, when she entered into the Proteswho was engaged in the trenches, he re tant communion. She m. 30th May, 1780, ceived a severe wound, from which he never Samuel Hibbert, esq. of Manchester, aftercompletely recovered. His hopes from an wards of Clarendon-House, Chorlton, in

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* This gentleman is mentioned in vol. iii. p. siderable literary attainments, whose valuable conH43, in the history of the ancient house which he tributions to the ancient history of Lancashire, represented.

and the adjoining counties, have been frequently + Mr. Holland Watson was a gentleman of con acknowledged by topographical writers.

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