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492 Rev. Mr. Mackinnon on the Mosaic History of Joseph. (July 1, being exposed, as it is now, throughout high authority to his father Jacob. If the whole line of its southern limits to the INQUIRER will read the history of the immediate storm of the first war, it Joseph through, he will, I thiok, find it. would have been then guarded by the to be described as fully as any other strong intervening barrier of a powerful character in sacred writ. The great aim state, at once capable of asserting its of the inspired penman was to record own independence, and at the same time circumstances and persons generalla, securing that of its protected ally. and frequently omitting those trifling inApril 26, 1816.

V. M. H. cidents which the critic has metamor

phosed into the greatest difficulties, and MR. EDITOR,

on account of which omission the scepAFTER wbat is given us in the Bible tic denies the truth of the whole; but on Joseph, and from what hath been the great end of the historian was to written by the learned respecting that relate these matters in such a manner as patriarch, we ought not to doubt the should ultimately lead to, and be corte statement of the former, or deny the pleted in, the great event of our Re conjectures of the latter, if they are demption. If we read the account of founded on sacred Scripture; for by Joseph, as well indeed as all the other raising doubts, or imagining that the fact characters in the Bible, it will be found recorded is inconsistent, we only sharpen to harmonize with itself, and with the the edge of infidelity, and shake the whole. minds of the dubious. If the INQUIRER Joseph being his father's favourite, thinks that Joseph was destitute of filial was looked upon with jealousy by bis affection, or that commentators have not brethren; nor was this their animo been sufficiently explicit on this head, it sity diminished from the narration of must appear presumption in me to at their brother's dreams, the second of tempt now to explain the matter with which even moved the anger of Jacob. greater erudition or more perspicuity Here then we find both his father and than those gone before me have already brethren angry with hin after the interdone; especially as these have been pretation of this his second dream; he men of the profoundest learning and ac- is sent by his father to inquire after the knowledged experience, who have turned state of his brethren, who now only their thoughts, and einployed their ta- waited for a favourable opportunity to lents, in supporting its consistency and destroy him; but Reuben having more confirming its truth; yet, Mr. Editor, I compassion than the rest, dissuaded trust that I shall be excused, not only by them from the bloody deed, and Joseph you, but also by a generous public, for was therefore sold to the Ishmaelites, again obtruding myself into your pages, and passing through many changes, was and attempting, though but very defi- at length advanced to the second post ciently, to answer a question proposed in the kingdom of Pharaoh. Had Joseph in a late number of your miscellany. I at the commencement, or during the bave been induced to take upon myself seven years of plenty, communicated his this task, as I conceive it the duty of situation to his father or brethren, they every one, particularly those who are in all probability would have made hght called to the high and important duties of it: the purpose of his being raised, of our venerable establishment, “to be that of humbling them, would have been able to give an answer to every one that lost. During the seven years of plenty asketh;" yet, after all, a question of the they no doubt had been living regardless nature of that now proposed may be of the fate of their brother Joseph; bet allowed to be unprofitable, as its illustra- at length the days arrived when famite tion depends, not on the criticism of and scarcity forced thein to seek for words, or the interpretation of language, food in Egypt, and ask it of that rery but is dictated by a mind seeking for brother whom they had so sbamefully difficulties where not one of a thousand treated. Their situation and distress would find any difficulty. We might as now brought to their recollection their well inquire why God made the world, past wickedness; but Joseph, when he or created beings to sin against his holy saw and was convinced of their sortom, laws? or what would have been the pre- loses no time in making himselt kaotu: sent state of man bad our first parents “ I am Joseph;" and inquires after fris continued in a state of innocence ?-as father, “ Doth my father yet live This pretend at this remote period to inquire could not have been more than the second wby Joseph did not send immediately year of the famine. If Josepb had beert after he was raised to a situation of such destitute of filial affection, he might not

1816.) Account of the Battle of Waterloo, by a Serjeant in the Guards. 493



have discovered himself until the con their privilege to attend. It was tolera

clusion of the seven years; if he had bly well filled. I preached three times been moved to revenge, he might have ou the Sabbath, and once on Wednes

refused them corn, consequently they day. Class meetings were held on Monmust bave perished. But neither of day, and prayer nieetings on Friday. All

these was ebé case :--free from revenge, were refreshing seasons to me; I cannot he abounded with affection; he wept for live without the means of grace. Al. joy; he sent for his father, and supported though when in close contest with the him until the day of bis death. I am, &c. enemy we are obliged to desist from our

J. MACKINNON. public meetings on account of our du. 1 Bassingham, April 4, 1816.

ties, yet we then as often as possible

commune with each other; and I MR. EDITOR,

bappy to say that only one of our so. BY inserting the following particulars ciety was killed (Serjeant Silver, 3d rog. " relative to the ever-inemorable and glo- of Guards) and three wounded; two are ei rious batile of Waterloo-extracted from doing well; the other I have not yet i a letter of a serjeant in the Guards, re heard of. Serjeant-major Dixon and 1 markable for the explicit and manly Serjeant Rippon, wounded on the 16th

manner in which it is written, as well as June, are both doing well.

for the unshaken loyalty to liis king, love On the 16th June we inarched, at four es: to his country, piety, fortitude, inagna- o'clock in the morning, the distance of si nimity, firmness, confidence, composure, about twenty-four miles, and then rushed E and updaunted courage of the writer into action. The Lord gave us grcat I you would, I am persuaded, gratify many strength both of body and mind, on that # of your readers, as well as oblige yours, day, and through the whole of our &c.

A. B. labours. We arrived just in time, er May 7, 1816.

the enemy would have forced the Bel

gians. With one hour and a ball's hard Camp, Bois du Bologne, Paris, fighting, we maintained our position with July 29, 1815.

so:ne little advantage; but our loss was Sie,-My departure from England was great. As you have received a moie very sudden; I had not the happiness of perfect account in the public dispatches, seeing you; but I received your kind I shall only, as briefly as possible, inseit note, which, amidst the sufferings of my a few facts which have not yet been mind in parting from a beloved wife and mentioned. On the 16th of June, the very dear children, helped to revive me, day of Waterloo, we took up a good poe I can truly say, I never so much regret- sition; at the same time leaving the ted a separation from my wife and family, enemy one they would acccpt. We and God's church and people. After opened on the enemy seven guns before having been so long absent in Holland, they returned an answer; thien most Sicily, Spain, and France, I thought Eu- tremendously the action commenced; rope was weary of war, and that I was but God was with us. I addressed my safe and comfortably situated with my company in a few words: “ Be steady family at home: but the Lord says attentive to orders; keep perfect “ Boast not thyself of to-morrow, and silence; and put your whole trust in put not confidence in uncertain riches; God's help, for he is with us. but trust thou in the living God." Yet, and determnined; use all your skill in amidst all the sufferings of my mind in levelling; make sure your mark, and in parting from my friends, I felt it my duty the charge use all your strength; and to go in search of that enemy of peace, you shall see, by the close of this day's the Tyrunt of the World; and if it were sun, your enemies fly, and the shouc required, to die in the cause; for I was of victory shall be yours.” I felt ny fully sensible we were defending truth inind stayed upon God; and my confiand justice. Our object was Europe's dence was so firm, that neither the thunpeace and happiness; and I was confi- der of our enemy's cannon and musquedent that God had only permitted the try, nor the boast of his guards, nor the eril, to bring about the greater blessing, threats of bis cavalry in mail, either alatınwhich I hope is nearly accomplished, ed my breast, or concerned my mind : ' though it has cost much blood.' While God I knew was my father, iny shield, and we lay at Hovis, near Enghien, in the refuge. I cannot say that I attempted to a Netherlands, I opened a place for our boast myself with confidence of escape religious duties, where many found it unhurt, as I now experience; but this NEw MONTHLY MAG.--No. 30.

Vol. V.

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494 Account of the Battle of Waterloo, by a Serjeant in the Guards. (July 1, one thing I knew-my peace was made to wear a culonel's sword of the French with God, having a bright evidence in Imperial guard.* my own soul; and that while I lived I Though not mentioned in the dispatch, would play my part for the victory. It (they all fought so well,) yet it was our was the Sabbath-day; and while you 3d battalion of the 1st Guards, and the were praying to and praising the King of rifle battalion of the King's German Le Glory in his church, I was doing the gion, that first completely turned the same in the field of blood: I was truly day in our favour. It was at this inoin the spirit of a Christian and of a sole Dont of the charge that I prayed thus : dier on the Lord's day. The enemy fired " Lord, stretch forth thine arni!" and round shot and shell, urope and canister, this I did unceasingly until the every and new horse-nails tied up in bundles, was driven. When the Imperial Guards nine bundles in a gun: these I saw and (the dependence of Buonaparte) ran, bis bandled on the 19th. Unlawful carnage! defence departed from him, and his --but the portrait of the man is blood, The serjeant, in a letter to his wife, lourder, and desolarinn. My eyes have had mentioned a particular fact of bis war. seen inuch. Sir, I have the happiness ing an officer's coat, and cheering the men 10 serve in the 3d battalion of the 1st in a critical moment of the battle. A friend, Guards, who in a particular manner dis who had seen this letter, made some inquiry tinguished theinselves, determined to respecting the circumstance; and the sershout “ Victory!" or return no more;

jeant in a subsequent letter adds the following and God blessed their endeavours. Our

particulars :3d battalion of the 1st Guards, and a

" When the French 105th regiment ad. battalion of vifle of the King's German

vanced up the low ground, their cannon at the

same time raked us with grape, canister, and Legion, (say 1,200 men,) advanced 300

horse-nails, and our line was so shattered that paces in front of the whole live, into a

I feared they could not stand; in fact, I ¥3 valley which lay between the two posi

for a moment really afraid they would give tions, and within 100 yards of about

way; and if we had given way, it would 6,000 cavalry and 3,000 infantry of the have gone hard with the whole line, as our enemy. They viewed us with astonish- 3d battalion and the rifle battalion of the ment; and, to prove that God had filled King's German Legion were the manœuvre them with fear, they formed square, and of the day. Our officers exerted themselves neither charged nor fired upon us, except to the very uttermost, as also the serjeans : from the heights of their position; but Major-gen. Maitland, Col. Lord Saltoan, we suffered much from those guns. We Col. Reeve, and Brigade-major Gunthorp, remained firing at thein for half an hour, were in the front face of the square, in the and then retired into our post in line.

hottest part of the contest : our loss at this 'The cavalry in armour charged us many

time was most tremendous. It was at tbis times in the course of the day, but made

juncture that I picked up Ensign Pardo's coat, 110 inpression: we repulsed them with

which was covered with his blood, lying on great slaughter. We never fired at the

a horse. The ensign belonged to our batta

lion: he was killed and stripped by the pluncavalry till they came within 30 yards.

derers during some of our manæuvres. I Towards the evening Buonaparte direct- stepped about twenty-five paces before the ed against us his choice 105th regiment; line, and waved the coat, cheering the mos, and in half an hour we cut them all to and telling them that while our officers bied, pieces, and took one stand of colours. we should not reckon our lives dear. I He then sent against us bis grenadier thought if any thing would stimulate the Inperial Guards; they came within 100 men, this would be effective. They fought yards of us, and ported arms to charge; with all their might; and in half an hour, but we advanced upon them in quick as I mentioned, we cut the 105th regiment time, and opened a brisk lile fire by two all to pieces, and took one stand of colours. ranks. They allowed us to come within Had I known that the coat would have beeni about 30 yards of them; they stood till mentioned farther than to my wife, I should

not have inserted it, but let that well-known then looking at us, as if panic-struck, and did not fire; they then, as we ap

fact have been mentioned by others. I do proached, faced about and fed for their

not like to commend myself, as this is empty

praise; I only mention facts to describe the lives in all directions: they did not like the thought of the British bayonets, tore

manæuvres, and our thoughts and experi

poneis, Tor ence, and how the action termipated, I had we had just cominesced the charge: nothing in view but to conquer or die : Gol they ran very iasi, but many of thein knows my heart; and through his mercifol feli while we pursued, and willi them one support I feared no man-no, nor death ! stand of colours ; and I have the honour self, nor any thing in league with it."


1816.] Account of the Battle of Waterloo, by a Serjeant in the Guards. 495

whole line, as has been stated, became and serenity of mind, and such conconfusion. Much to the honour of his fidence that the arm of God was Grace (as in every case throughout the stretched out in our behalf; that le day) be seized the moipent, and in the was in the midst of us, and gave wisdom space of five minutes he formed a line in to our commander, strength to our mind the valley for a general charge, and then and body, and confusion to our enemies. the shout of “Victory! victory!" was I have, as colour-serjeant, stood by heard. The very element rang with voices the King's colours from the moment of and cannon on Britain's side-and what our march vill borne in Britain's name was my shout!-in a loud voice I cried within the gates of Paris. Seven of our out: “ Glory be to God! he is with us! I colour-scrjeants entered the field, and now rejoice; my prayers are answered there are only myself and one more that fully, and my labours crowned.” The stand. What shall I render to the Lord fight at one time was so desperate with our for all his benefits? I will take the cup battalion, that files upon files were carried of salvation, and call upon his name; out to the rear from the carnage, and the my tongue shall not cease to proclaim Jine was held up by the serjeants' pikes, his mercy, nor my heart to adore bis placed against the rear--not for want of goodness. courage on the men's part, for they were 'The French behaved very ill to our desperate; only for the mornent our loss prisoners on the 16th; several of our so unsteadied the line.*

wounded the blood-thirsty cowards ran I lost of my company, killed and through with their bayonets and swords. wounded, three officers, three serjeants, These were not the old soldiers we used and fifty-four ránk and file, out of ninety- to fight with. Some have lived so long seven: several of them, after their wounds as to testify against them, and to show were dressed, returned to the field and is their wounds; but the British have fought out the battle.

in return rescued many of their enemies It will rejoice your heart to hear that from death, and given them bread and the Methodists in this action have come water, and looked as much to their safety pletely refuted the slanders propagated as to our own. against them in that pernicious publica. The duke bas greatly endeared himself tion (The Anti-Jacobin Review) respect to the British soldiers; more so in these ing which Mr. Griffiths wrote to me. Our actions than in all before. I ever loved names are known, and our conduct seen, and reposed coufidence in him as my Our surviving officers may be referred to; commander; but the example he gave and on inquiry it will be found, that we us on the 18th, and again on the 26th of who fear God, love our King, and have June, was sufficient to influence everyman fought his battles with undaunted cou- with that fortitude and determination: rage, and, according to our rank, have " With Wellington we will conquer, or as great a share in the honour of that with Wellington we will die !" He was day as any part of the line; and C. W. continually in the first line, and frequently is ready io vindicate the character of with our battalion. I have seen sorne of the religious soldier on bis return from the enemy's cavalry charge within fifty the field of blood to the land of peace, yards of him. I prayed to God most O! how happy was my soul, even in earnestly for his protection, and I bless the sea of blood, in Britain's cause the Lord for his preservation: I hope his and Europe's safety! I do not know heart will rejoice in the fruit of his lathat I ever experienced greater peace bour, giving God the glory due for his

many signal victories. I ain happy to * In asubsequent letter, the serjeant men

say ihat Major-gen. Maitland is safe and tions that “ the serjeants placed their pikes

well; he is an example to all around. against the men's backs in line, for they were

I lament the sufferings of my late Col. getting eight or ten deep, and bore them up

Cook: he was severely wounded on the by their shoulders by main strength. Some of the men kept up firm in the line, but

18th : I pray God to spare his valuable

life. You have often beard me speak of others fell back to get out ammunition, and others were begging ammunition in the rear,

him. But what shall I say in honour of as all their own was spent, which, with our my late Lieut.-col. Wm. Miller, my great continual loss, quite unsteadied the line; so friend, my belper!-a servant to the the pikes were intended to prevent any from cause of Christ, in the Isla de Leon, and falling back for ammunition, as we wanted to his latest breath. He is no more the men to use the bayonet, for now de- to be seen in this world !--he was morpended the honour of Britain, and the safety tally wounded on the 16th of June, and of Europe."

on ihe 13th he breathed his last.

496 Account of the Battle of Waterloo, by a Serjeant in the Guards. (Jaly 1,

As for Col. Miller's attention to bis midst of it. It has been expressed that company, none excelled; he was conti. our beloved commander is not much ex. nually inquiring what could be done to posed: I can fully contradict that asserniake them more comfortable. “I do tion; for he is often first, and always in not care for the expense,” he would say; the midst: he will not permit others to 6 money is no object to me.” On the do his duty, I believe Britain is his close of a day's marcli, liis first care was treasure, and his life he has pledged for to see his men comfortable, and then he its safety. considered biinself; and alter an absence The Prussians fight exceedingly well. of any time, his first inquiry was con- When we arrived off Paris they shouted cerning their health and conduct. Be for joy, and the French trembled. ture the enemy he was cool and delibe- Several villages on the road were deiate, vigilant and brave, firin and deter- serted, for which the inhabitants suí. inincd; and on the 16th June, at the fered: protection was given to those that head of his company in very close ac- remained. Much damage has been done tion, cheering his men, he received a to the corn. France, by her deceit, licenwound in his breast which proved mor- tiousness, and abominable wickedness, tal. As he passed to the rear, borne has gathered this cloud orer herself; and by four men, be said, “ Let me see the it has burst upon her head, and do doubt solours." The last office I could do for many now repent their folly. The ape him was to place the colour in Ensign pearance of religion is not seen, and to Batty's band, to pay him bis funeral ho speak of it is foolishness to them. The mours while living. He then said: “I Sabbath is not known by chat soleno thank you ; that will do; I am satisfied.” worship which is due to God; it is only Ilis meaning was, that he died for his known by pleasure: and as for coinmon country, and in a just cause. I have decency, it seems to be very triệing. lost my greatest friend, and iny company The element of the trades-people is ina father; England a valuable oilicer; his position. In Paris all is peace and trane parents a beloved son; and the Church quillity-a good reason why. But dhe of Christ a friend : but may our loss be people tell us: “ As soon as you are his eternal gain! Serjeant Clarke, who gone, we shall be Frenchmen again."attended him, informs ine that his last I think the only thing we can do is to breath was prayer. I hope liis soul is at guarantee the outposts of this country rest!his labours of love and charity by ourselves and allies, until they bare follow him! I shall sec him no inore in destroyed the fortifications and arsenals, this world; but his name will be a last- and leave only what may be necessary ing treasure to my heart. Believe me, for internal defence. Howerer, I hope sir, I never felt a loss like this before; I God is with the sovereigns and sinisters cannot find words to express the feelings in Paris, as he was with us at Waterloo, of my heart. I sboulci like our friends and in all our undertakings; and that to know, that an officer, a friend to God peace may be sealed upon a good foun. and the truth, hath, in the late glorious dation. The entrance into the city and victory, sealed the justness of our cause palace is most beautiful, as also the with his blood. I am very sorry for the triumphal arches and picture gallery, and commanding officer of our battalion, Napoleon's brazen monument or ambia and first major, Lieut.-coi, Stuart, and tion, wreathed with trophies of victory Lieut-col. the Hon. 11. Townshend, who and homage paid him from the different are severely wounded; they are most countries he conquered. There is a excellent officers and brave soldiers. small vacant place near the top, and the May God in mercy restore them shortly people tell us it was intended to place to health!

Britannia there. But in his presumptuous On our march to Paris we passed thought he falls; his strength and glory through a most beautiful and fruitful depart: he sues at the feet of our sovereiga country, with but little opposition. At for mercy, and proves himself no more a Peronne, on the 26th of June, after a monarch, but a captive! long day's march, on our arrival, his W e soldiers feel grateful for the graGrace gave the first brigade a job. Our cious thanks given to us by our sore second battalion carried the fascines, reign, his ministers, and the honourable and the third battalion stormed the out. houses of parliament of our beloved works in a most masterly manner, and country, for our zealous exertions at the citadel surrendered immediately, Waterlou, and the glorious victory God Major-gen, Maitland commanded; and has crowned us with. Be assured, sir, here again the duke was himself in the we feel this as an invaluable treasure : it

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