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VOL. 6.]
Memoirs of Samuel Rogers, Esq.

481
renders banishment so irksome, that we with a prolongation of those honours
resort to it as a beavy infliction on those which await on true genius, wherever
hardened io crime, and what endears it obtains the leisurely perusal of com-
our country, and even refines our pa- petent judges.
triotism, but the recollection of enjoy- Human life is a chequered scene :
ments which we have received, or which and readers will indulge those feelings
we have been the bappy instruments of which arise froro such incidents as they
conferring on others? And, if it be a bave been parties to.

This diversity weakness to attach a consequence ap- is infinite; consequently, a poem to parently disproportionate to their real meet it should be infioite 100 : value, to even inanimate objects, stand- is impossible, a poem of which this is ing in such a connection, the writer of the subject will by some be thought the present article acknowledges, with imperfect; while others will accuse out reluctance, his participation in that certain parts of being overcharged. weakness ; annually, as he visits the The heedless will complain of that graplace of his nativity, be anxiously looks vity which is, unquestionably, inherent out for the top of that row of tall-rising in the subject; while those who have elms, under which be passed bis boy- sustained “the buffeting of adverse forisb days, not without fear, lest some in- tune” will think the more lively inciconsiderale or avaricious hand, should- dents completely out of character ; pot, almost sacrilegiously !—have swept perhaps, because they have not witnessfrom their stations those majestic me- ed such ; but because they never felt morials of pastime and pleasure. And them. We have binted at the advanthe feeling of this “ lawful prejudice” tages enjoyed by this gentleman, and is so general, indeed so universal, that his opportunities for observation, as we cheerfully appeal to the reader, well abroad as at home. He bas seen whatever be his country, his clime, or foreign manners, as well as British pebis circumstances, and bave little doubt, culiarities. The private life of a would be but speak the truth, of his con- of business in the city of London affessing similar, if not stronger partiali- fords but few incidents for historical ties; they are implanted by Nature in record : and a banker's profession, perthe human heart for wise purposes--for haps, the least of any. The father of the wisest of purposes—and though Mr. Rogers ventured into politics, and they may be occassionally quiescent, or is famous for bis severe contest against suspended by events, they never should the interest of the present Lord Shefbe checked, much less perverted or field (then Colonel Holroyd) for Cocounteracted.

ventry : but Mr. Samuel Rogers, we Now the poet who takes such a sub- believe, enjoys the gratifications of his ject for his theme, can hardly be said to refined taste, and urbanity of manners, draw on bis imagination for what he in a more private way. His works are recites: be collects, and he recollects; not voluminous; and when we repeat he examines the stores of his memory ; that some of them date from so early he reviews, he associates, he arranges, as 1786, and others so lately as the prehe endeavours to place each article in sent year, our readers will readily conthat order which it would most natural- clude that they are the productions of ly assume, and wherein it may produce temporary intervals from business, and the best effect. And if, like Mr. Ro- the effusions of a mind conscious of its gers, he can wait to see the result of the powers, though not always at liberty to whole as a composition, if he has pa- indulge them. tience and opportunity, to touch and re- Mr. Rogers's principal works are, touch, to strengthen into prominency An Ode to Superstition, with other tbe principals, and to suffer the less Poems, 1786 ; The Pleasures of Me pleasing ideas to glide into the back- mory, 1792 ; An Epistle to a friend, ground, then may be venture to pro- with other Poems, 1798; Poems, inmise himself readers of congenial spirits, cluding the Voyage of Columbus, 1812; 3M ATHENEUM VOY, 6.

Jacqueline, a Tale ; and Human Life

man

THE

VARIETIES.

From the (London) Time's Telescope. PROGNOSTics from veGETABLES. Till the bright day-star to the west NHE flowers of many vegetables

Deelines, in Ocean's surge to lare,

Then, folded in her modest vest, expand their leaves as if to wel- She slumbers on the rocking wave. come the fair weather, and shut them to See Hieracium's various tribe, guard the tender fruit from the impend- of plumy seed and radiate flowers, ing storms. This is remarkably appar

The course of Time their blooms describe, ent in the flowers of pimpernel (burnet),

And wake or sleep appointed hours. which have been called, for that reason,

Broad o'er its imbricated cup

The Goatsbeard spreads its golden rays, the countryman's weather-glass ; in the But shuts its ca tious petals up, down of dandelion and other downs; Retreating from the noontide blaze. and in the contraction of tbe stalks of Pale as a pensive cloistered nun trefoil against rain.

The Bethlem-star her face unveils, When the flower of chickweed is

When o'er the mountain peers the Sun,

And shades it from the vesper gales fully open, fair weather may be expect

Among the loose and arid sands ed: the convolvulus, and a species of The humble Arenaria creeps ; wood-sorrel, shut up their leaves at the Slowly the purple star expands, approach of rain.

But soon within its calyx sleeps. Besides foretelling changes in the

And those small bells so lightly rayed

With young Aurora's rosy hue, weather, many plants close and open

Are to the noontide Sun displayed, their petals at certain hours of the day. But shut their plaits against the dev.

Linnæus has enumerated forty-six On upland slopes the shepherds mark flowers which possess this kind of sen- The hour, when, as the dial true, sibility; he divides them into three clas

Cichorium to the towering lark

Lifts her soft eyes, serenely blue. ses. (1) Meteoric flowers, which less

And thou, 'Wee crimson-tipped flower, accurately observe the hour of folding,

Gatherest thy fringed mantle round but are expanded sooner or later accor- Thy bosom, at the closing hour, ding to the clondiness, moisture, or pres

When nightdrops bathe the turfy ground; sure of the atmosphere. (2) Tropical

Unlike Silene, who declines flowers that open in the morning and

The garish noontide's blazing light;

But, when the evening crescent shines, close before evening every day; but the Gives all her sweetness to the night. hour of expanding becomes earlier or Thus in each fower and simple bell, later as the length of the day increases That in our path untrodden lie, or decreases. (3) Equinoctial flowers,

Are sweet remembrancers, who tell

How fast their winged moments ily. which open at a certain and exact hour of the day, and for the most part close at another determinate hour.-(Dar- ENGLISH LANGUAGE. win). The most common of these, in

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

Sir, our own country, are thus prettily enumerated by a lady:

Correspondent. in noticing an

anomalous mode of spelling, obIn every copse and sheltered dell,

serves, that “ every substantive ending Unveiled to the observant eye, Are faithful monitors, who tell

in y preceded by a consonant, forms its How pass the hours and seasons by.

plural by changing y into ies; bui we The green-robed children of the spring

have no rule directing us to change cy Will mark the periods as they pass,

into ies." But a second correspondent Mingle with leaves time's feathered wing,

ay, ey, or y, is the same And bind with flowers his silent glass.

termination ; and it is of small conseMark where transparent waters glide, Soft flowing o'er their tranquil bed;

quence whether I write (1)abbey, abbay, There, cradled on the dimpling tide,

or abby; (2) lacquay, lackey, or lacky." Nymphan rests her lovely head.

If, however, ay, ey, and y, are the But conscious of her earliest beam,

same termioation, it matters not whether She rises from her humid nest,

I write, “thy sconce is amazing thick," And sees reflected in the stream The virgin whiteness of her breast.

or“ they sconce," &c. Again, accord

A

states, that “

vol. 6.]

Shakspeare Jubilee-Scenes in Asia-Chinese Traditions.

483

ing to this rule, I may spell ally, a con- noticed. To that work are now added federate, alley; and alley, a path, ally; eighty-four " Scenes in Asia,” neatly and the plural of both nouns may be engraved, and well described, as a suitwritten allies. This is worse than ridi- able accompaniment. We select a culous : and the divine Milton would short extract: have thought it so:

The River Jordan.---This river rises in “ to reform

the mountain of Lebanon and runs on the Yon flowery arbours, yonder alleys green.”

Eastern part of Judea, through the Lake of

Tiberias,or Sea of Galilee, till it issues and is Par. Lost, Book 4.

lost in the Dead Sea. Its course is about a J.P. will probably allow that Johnson, hundred miles; it is small in winter, and when Bacon, and Swift

, were almost as well and overflows its banks. This river is famous acquainted with the genius, usage, and in Scripture history. Its waters stood up in construction of our language as himself; & heap, leaving the channel dry for the chiland their authority on the point in dis- der the conduct of Joshua. In after ages it pute may readily be seen, on referring was the scene of John the Baptist's preachto Johnson's quarto.

ing, and often of our Lord's abode. The

wild Arabs ipfest the shores so much in modWhen this last correspondent basern times, that travelling thither is very dansurvied (surveyed) these authorities, bis gerous. Those pilgrims who visit Jerusalem ies (eyes) will probably be opened. A- escorted to the Jordan; where many bathe,

year by year, sometimes 2000 together, are greeably to analogy, and the best usage, who thereby obtain at least something to talk all nouns ending in y immediately pre- of when they return home.” ceded by a consonant, form their plurals Similar Scenes in Africa and Ameriby changing y into ies; but such nouns ca, we are told, are in preparation. as end io y preceded by a vowel, are rendered plural by the addition of s. SINGULAR CHINESE TRADITION, Nov. 1, 1819.

D. H.

The Indo-Chinese Gleaner, publishP.S.--I unfortunately mislaid the kies (keys) of my ed quarterly, Malacca, May and Aug. bookcase,otherwise he should have had an earlier reply.

1817, February and May, 1818.- The

Rev. Mr. Milne, seems to have been From the London Magazines.

conducted from Canton, wbere he beSHAKSPEARE JUBILEE. fore resided, to Malacca, where he is Sept. 6, 1819. This evening, being actually settled, in consequence of the the 50th year from Garrick's Jubilee, a

vexations to which the English are sublecture (from the pen of H. Neele, esq.) jected by the Chinese officers since upon the peculiar and characteristic the visit of the English embassy unmerits of Shakspeare, was read at the

der Lord Arnherst. Town Hall, in Stratford, by John Brit- The progress of Christianity has not ton, esq. F. A. S. whose architectural apparently been considerable in China. taste and skill are so well known.

Some inbabitants of Canton, and of While the enthusiasm of Mr. Britton in Macao, mostly persons employed in the cause of Shakspeare, and his exer- the English factory, seem alone io bave tions to keep alive the memory of the profiled by the instructions of the mis“ Bard of Avon” in his native town, do sionaries. In general, the greatest obhonour 10 his head ; his benevolence, stacle to the conversion of the Chinese in appropriating the whole profits of his is their indifference to every thing relalecture to a charitable institution in tive to religion. They would willing. Stratford, is equally credible to his heart, ly become Christians on condition of

remaining Bouddaists, or adorers of

spirits. Christ, io the opinion of most NEW WORKS.

of them, is only a spirit more to be adorScenes in Asia. for the Amusement ed : their mythologists have adopted, and Instruction of little tarry-al-home but disfigured, the traditions which Travellers. By ihe Rev. Isaac Taylor. they have received from the Catholic -In our last year's volume Mr. 'Tay- Missionaries : and Mr. Morrison nenlor's “ Scenes in Europe” were duly tions an account of Ye-sou, (Jesus) ta

ken from a Chinese mythological work, of Great Britain and Ireland. Of the peers in which bis miraculous birth, his tra- the Duke of Gordon boro 1743, who inbervels in the country called lu-ti-ya (Ju- ited the title in 1752, is alive. The twenty dea) at the distance of 97,000 li (9700 Judges of the court of Session and Excheg. leagues) from China, the treachery of renewed during this reign; the appointmects Ju-taf-se, (Judas) and the other partice to the Bench being sixcy in number, excluulars of the life of our Saviour, are re- sive of two promotions of Poisne Judges to

the President's chair. Of the Peers of Espresented in such strange colours that gland and Ireland, at the commencement

of they seem to belong to a divinity of this reign, five are alive ; viz. the Earl, pow Asiatic origio. The English author Earl Fitzwilliam, Viscount Nettville, and himself finds it difficult to recognise Viscount Bulkely, all of whom were under them, and examines whether this parra- age at the accession, with the exception of

the Marquis Drogheda, now in his 90th year, tive can have come to the Chinese and at the head of the Generals of the army. from the Jesuits or the Nestorians, In deciding with reason, for the former, he OATS 1000 YEARS OLD. seems greatly to err in calling in ques

To the highest point of a field a mile south tion the entrance of the latter into Chic from Forfar, there was a druids' place of na above ten centuries ago. The mon- worship, consisting of a circle of large stoves, ument of Si-an-fou, the authority of field was fallowed last year, and this temple which is incontestible, suffices to render trenched, from which a very great quantity all discussions on this point superfluous. lar, however, appeared, except a few bones

The mytbological work from which that went to dust. The field this year was Mr. Morrison extracted this singular sown with barley, and this trenched part with piece, was composed by a physician, are considerable quantities of oats, of various and published under the reign of Khang- kinds, sprung ap among the barley, the seeds hi, with the sanction of the patriarch of of which must have remained there more than the sect of the Tao-sse. It is in twen- there is not a head of oats to be seen. Orders ty-two volumes, and the title of it, have been given to preserve these oat plants. Chin-si-an thoung kian” (History of the Gods and the immortals). There

GREAT ECLIPSE. are many plates in it, in one of which

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Jesus is represented as still a child, in a SIR---On perusing the former volumes of Chinese dress and hat, and God the your valuable Miscellany, perceive that Father under the figure of a wrinkled 1813,) given the elements of the annular

Mr. Squire, of Epping, has, in vol. 36, (Feb. and decrepit old man, resting his hand eclipse which is to happen on Sept. 7, 1820, on the head of our Saviour. Such are in which he has mentioned that a map of Eu

rope, with an accurate delineation of the the notions which the Chinese have the moon's shadow across the earth's disc, would most eagerly caught bold of and most be interesting to the curious, and show at one

view the progress of this great eclipse and easily retained in the writings of our

rare phenomenon : the like has not occarred missionaries. They shew what pre. siuce the year 1764, por will it happen again cautions we should take with persons penumbra being determined by the formula

till 1847. The central part of the mooo's so disposed to form false ideas, and given by Delambre, in the second volume of whom we have so few means to preserve bis Astronomy, set off on each side of it a from them,

parallel line, at the distance of five degrees ; the space thus included, will shew all those

places where the aonular appearance. will GEORGE III.

be visible. The map which I have subjoin

ed, is constructed on this principle.* Oct. 25, 1819.---This day our venerable The annglar eclipse of 1764 was the first and aflicted Sovereign entered into the 60th the great astronomers Maskelyne and Layear of his reign ---a period longer than any lande saw it also excited the attention of of bis Majesty's predecessors in England and the king of France, (Louis XV.) who, acScotland occupied the throne. Henry III. companied by Abbé Nollet, De Thiery, and reigned in England fifty-six years, and James VI. in Scotland fifty-eight years; but Our readers may possess it, by drawing the former was only nine years of age when on any map of Europe, soith a pencil, three he succeeded to the monarchy, and the latter curves : the first passing thro' the Orkneys, was an iofaot, when, in consequence of the Amsterdam, Leghorn, and Messina : the se extorted resignation of his mother, he be-. cond through Anspach, Munich, Venice, and came King; while George III, was of legiti.' Tarento ; and the ibird through Bergen, Dress mate age on his accession to the Sovereignty den, and Athens.

VOL. 6.]

Groaning-Analysis of Coal Black Lead Mines, &c.

485

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De la Condamine, went to Compiegne, in tables.---This opinion, which is fully warorder to observe it. Le Mounier undertook rapted by the geological relations of coal, à journey from Paris to Edinburgh, to make has been further confirmed and illustrated proper remarks during the appearance of the by the experiments of Jobn, of Berlin, aod annulus, and to measure the diameter of the of Dr. Thomson, of Glasgow. Dr. Thomson, moon as it passed the sun's disc. It was al- we understand, has planned and executed a so observed at Aberdeen Castle in Scotland, most beautiful and interesting series of ex: by Lord Morton and Mr. Short; but their periments on the different coals of our coal observations were chiefly confined to the fields, from which it results, that coal is essuperior light the mountains io the moon af- sentially different from vegetables, whether forded, and the variation of the thermometer. in their perfect or altered state ; and also

Coosidering the interest the eclipse of possesses characters very different from these 1748 occasioned, it is a little surprising that which vegetables exhibit when exposed Do notice is taken of the ensuing eclipse in

to beat in close vessels or voder compresthe Nautical Almanack, any further than sions. the usual formal manner of announcing it.

JAMES LAW.

BLACK LEAD.

It has for some time past been an object of COMFORTABLE DISCOVERY.

interest, with regard to the Fine Arts, that the “ Laugh and grow fat” was the grand an. black lead mine in Borrowdale, near Rese cient specific for long life- ." every sigh and wick, has of late years decreased very much groan drove a nail into our coffins," whilst a in productiveness, affording indeed, most recontrary excitation of the risible organs cently, very inconsiderable returos. It is drew one out. Truly every generation grow- pleasing, bowever, to know that the defieth wiser, and we may live to witness ocular ciency is now likely to be supplied by two proofs that pain is merely an alleviator of iodi- mives of the same material in Scotland ; one gestion, and the repudiation of a limb, under lately opened at Glentrash farm in Inverthe doctor's saw, a pleasant and exhilirating ness-shire, the other in Ayrshire, near New morning exercise ; in short, what may we not Cummock. In the latter there is a greater expect after reading the following:

variety in the quality than in the Borrowdale A French Surgeon has published a long mine : but as the quantity is considerable, dissertation on the beneficial influence of and the average quality excellent, its discova groaning and crying on the nervous system. ery is of great importance. In the foriner He contends that groaning and crying are the the lead, or graphite, is much mixed with two grand operations by which nature allays foreign substances; but many masses of it are anguish ; and that he has uniformly observ- of very good quality, and it is altogether of ed, that those patients who give way to their considerable promise. natural feelings, more speedily recover from accidents and operations, than those who suppose tbat it is unworthy a man to betray INDENTURED APPRENTICES. such symptoms of cowardice as either to groan or to cry. He is always pleased by

It has been decided by the Judges of the the crying and violent roaring of a patient Court of King's Bench, that an action for during the time he is undergoing a surgical breach of covenant will lie against the father operation, because he is satistied that he will of an apprentice, who was bound by indentthereby so soothe his nervous system, as to

ure to serve seven years, but this period not prevent fever and ensure a favourable termi- having, expired before the apprentice atnation.--- From the benefit hysterical and tained his 21st year, he left bis inaster, and other nervous patients derive from crying or thus, as it was shown he was empowered to groaning, be supposes that by these pro. The father, however, being responsible to

do at that age, rendered bis indeptures void. cesses of nature," the superabundant nervous power is exhausted, and that the system is in

the master for performance of the covenant, consequence rendered calm, and even the it was ruled that an action for the breach of circulation of the blood diminished. He re

it would lie against him. The same doclates a case of a mao, who, by means of cry- trine, of course, applies to guardians. ing and bawling, reduced his pulse from 120 to 60 in the course of two hours. That some patients often have a great satisfaction in DISCOVERY OF THE CAUSE OF groaning, and that hysterical patients often experience great relief from crying, are facts

GRAVITATION, which no person will deny,

Mr. John Herapath of Bristol has lately As to the restless hypochondriacal subjects, completed the solution of the Problem respecor those who are never happy but when they ting the cause of Gravitation, in which he has are under some cours of medical or dietetic been engaged at different times for several treatment, the French surgeous assures thein years. His researches for the solution of that they cannot do better than groap all this Problem (which was some years ago the night and cry all day. By following this object of ardent inquiry by the Royal Socirule, and observing an abstémious diet, a ety and the continental mathematicians) person will effectually escape disease, and show that gravitation is only a particular may proloog life to an incredible extent. case of a general principle, which compre

bends all the great phænomena of Nature. COAL NOT OF VEGETABLE ORIGIN. coincides with the opinion of some of the

It is remarkable that this deduction exactly In the Wernerian Melnoirs, it is said that greatest philosophers of modern times; and co Mon coal is an original chemica' depo- in particular, with that of the late Proa

wid therefore is not formed from rege- fessor Playfair, in his * Ontlinee a Net

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