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his master, and the unconscionable wanderer, he, with his teeth, took bold tinkler prosecuted his journey with bis of the bare thigh of one of the Highprize. 'He was, however, not always landers, beneath his kilt, and bit it most so fortunate. Being once apprebended cruelly. near Dumblane, it was the intention of

Your readers may take the followthe messengers to carry their prisoner ing as a specimen of the favourite and direct to Perth, but they were under the necessity of lodging him in the or captains of the tribe, about half a

complete costume worn by young chiefs nearest prison for the night. Brown

When I was no sooner in custody than he be

century ago, in Scotland. gan to meditate bis escape,

speak of gypsey captains, I do not gen

erally mean those old patriarcbal cbiefs quested it as a favour, that they would of large hordes. These old sagacious sit up all night with him in a public persons kept themselves clear of all danhouse instead of a prison, promising them as much meat and drink for their gerous scrapes, professing to the public indulgence and trouble as they should great innocence, honesty, and justice,

, desire. His request was granted, and four or five officers were accordingly ed in active service at the head of gangs,

members of their families, were employplaced in and about the room in which plundering for the subsistence of their he was confined, as a guard upon his

aged parents. person, being aware of the desperate character they had to deal with. He

Brown, before mentioned, when is took care to ply them well with the full dress, wore a hat richly ornamented bottle ; and, early next morning before and trimmed with beautiful gold lace, setting out, he desired one of the offi- wbich, I believe, was then fashionable cers to put up the window a little to among the first ranks in Scotland, cool their apartment, as it was then ve- particularly

among the officers of ry warm weather, being in the middle the army; and now, perhaps, with of summer. After having walked se- some variation, worn by valets and veral times across the room, the gypsey, other menial servants. His coat was all at once, threw himself out at the made of superfine cloth, of a light green open window, which was a considera- colour, long in the tails, and haviog one ble beight from the ground. The bue row of buttons at the breast. His and cry was at his heels in no time, and shirt, of the finest quality, was ruffled as some of the officers were gaining at the breast and bands, with a stock and ground upon him in his flight, be bold- buckle round his neck. He also wore ly faced about upon them, drew forth a pair of handsome boots, with silver from below bis coat a dagger which he plated spurs, all in the fashion of the brandished in the air, and threatened day. Below his garments be carried a instant death to the first who should large koise, and in the shaft or butt-end approach him. He was at this time of his huge whip a small spear or dagsuffered to make his escape, as none had ger was concealed. His brother-in-law, the courage to advance upon him. He Wilson, was frequently dressed in a was, however, at a subsequent period, similar garb, and both rode the best taken in a wood in Rannoch, being horses in the country. Having the apsurprised and overpowered by a party pearance of gentlemen in their babit, of Highlanders, raised for the purpose and assuming the manners of such, which of apprehending him and dispersing they imitated to a wonderful degree, his band, who lay in the wood in which few persons took these men for gypsies. he was taken. He thought to evade Several individuals represent Browo their vigilance and pursuit by clapping and Wilson to me as very haodsome close to the ground like a wild beast. men, tall and stout made, with agreeaUpon his being seized, a furious scuffle ble and manly countenances; and ensued ; and, during the violent tos- among the numberless thefts and robsing and struggling which took place beries which they had committed while they were securing this sturdy in their day, they were never known

VOL. 6.]

Anecdotes of Scotch Gypsies.

467

resta

to have taken a sixpence from persons was kindled, and from whence the priof an inferior class, but, on the contrary, son was filled with clouds of smoke. rather assisted the poorer' classes in The serjeant, as he advanced to the door, their pecuniary matters, with a generous with a loud voice asked, “who is liberality not at all to be looked for from there ?" • The devil," vociferated the men of their habits and manner of life. gypsey through fire and smoke. I

Charlie, by some called William, ano- am also a devil, and of the Black ther brother of Sandie Browo, was rua. Wateh," thundered back the intrepid down by a party of military and mes- Highlander, the Black Watch being in: sengers near Dundee. He was carried ancient name of his gallant regimer to Perth, where he was tried, condemo- This resolute reply of the soldier w ed, and hanged, to atone for the nume- like death to the artful tinkler~-he ko rous crimes of wbich he was guilty. He bis mao--it daunted him complet -, was a man of great personal strength, and after some threats from the ser and, after he was hand-cuffed, regret- be quietly allowed himself to be ane ting baving allowed himself to be so: loaded with irons, and thorourave easily taken, he in wrath drove the mes- cured in his cell, from whence the sengers before him with his feet as if oot stir till the day of his execlio of they had been mere children. He was George Brown, another me and conveyed to Perth by water, in conse- the clan Brown in the north, quence of it being reported, that the for sometime at Lyon Rigis pot gypsies of Fife, with the Grahams and laod, where his children fo:lolves Ogilvies at their head, were in motion trade of tinkers. He had beely so to rescue him from the clutches of the army in his youth, and is desi ile officers of the law.

me by a gentleman who had seen him While he was in that apartment in in the south, as a man possessed of the prison called the Cage, or rather prodigious personal strength and prowthe condemned cell, he, by a stratagem, ess. He was often encountered by freed himself from his heavy irons, and professed bullies and scientific pugibroke his mapacles to pieces. By lists in the sister kingdom. He was some upknowo means, he set fire to the of a mild temper and inoffensive mandamp straw on which he lay, within ners, when not roused by provocation. his cell, with a design, as it was sup- He had a peculiar mode of his own in posed, to make his escape in the con- treating these boxers. He did not fusion which might take place in conse- waste time for the

of amusing quence of the prison being on fire. the amateurs of this entertaioment, Surprised at the house being in flames, by throwing out artful guards, parand suspecting that Brown had rying off well aimed blows, or putbeen the cause of it, and that he was ting in ingenious hits. He iastacia free from his chains, ramping like a lion ly closed with his antagonist, and, within his den, no person in the hurry grappling with him, clapped bis clinchcould be found who had resolution ed fist like an iron bolt to his stomach, enough to venture into bim, till a brawa and, by pressing forward with all his ney broad-shouldered serjeant of the might, without allowing bis opponent 42d regiment courageously volunteer- time to recover himself, he, as it were ed bis services. However, before he squeezed the breath of life out of his would face the determined tinkler, he body, somethiog like the way io which requested authority from the magistrate I have seen a boy with both hands to defend himself with his broad sword, crack the wind out of an inflated bladshould be be attacked ; and in case the der. It was understood that he had, in *prisoner became desperate, to cut him this expeditious manner, rid the country down. This permission being obtain- of more than one of those pugilists. ed, he drew his sword, and, as stated Old Jamie Robison, brother-in-law to me, he, with the assistance of the to Wilson before mentioned, was an jailor's daughter, unbarred the doors, excelleot musician, and was in great till he came to the cage, where the fire request at fairs and country weddings. He, sometimes with his wife and pu- sion, that " Auld Robin Gray was a merous sisters, danced in a particular kind man to him indeed, but it was not fashion, changing and regulating the enough for him to make a song on Rofigures of the dance by means of a bin for that.” He had nearly put this bonnet. When his wife and sisters innocent traveller to death in the beat got themselves intoxicated, which was of his indignation, thinking that he was often the case, and bimself more than satirizing his friend in a scarrilous song. half seas over, it was a wild and extra. It was an invariable custom with Ro"agant scene to see these light-footed bison, that whenever he passed Robert

purpose

msels, with loose and flowing hair, Gray's house, although it should have gcing with great vigour on the grass been at the dead hour of night, he alqo open field, while Jamie was, with ways drew out his “ bread wioner," sius might and main, like the devil and serenaded bim with a few of his houg to the witches in “ Tam of best airs, in gratitude for bis kindness. therr," keeping these bacchana- I find, amongst a good deal of other induh fierce and animating music. information which bas come into my desire. mes was like to fag in his ex- bands on this subject, that English gypfour or please them, they have been sies entered Scotland disguised like genplaced ing loudly to him, like Mag- tlemen, in the same manner as we find he was r to Rob the Ranter, the pi- Sandie Brown, whom I spoke of beperson,y up, Jamie Robison, if ev- fore, had been traversiog England. charactweel it will be a wonder,” be. Grabam of Lochgellie once in particu

took ca regardless of all sense of de- lar recognised, by signal, one of these ce bottle 31 decorum whatever. scouts, or ambassadors, perambulating

But notwithstanding all this disso- the county of Fife, well mounted in all luteness of manners, and professed respects on borse back. Grabam had roguery, this man Robison, when trust. Dever seen bim before. He called bima ed, was strictly honest. A deceot man a “ traveller," and they were exceedin his neighbourhood, of the name of ingly happy at meeting with one anothRobert Gray, many a time lent him er. This stranger and travelling brothsums of money to purchase large ox er was taken to Lochgellie, and there horns, and other articles, in the east of feasted and entertained with all the hosof Fife. He always paid him on the pitality and kindness peculiar_to the very day be promised, with the greatest tribe.' Female gypsies from England punctuality and civility. The follow- have also been seen in this county. ing anecdote will show the zeal which About thirty years since, one of these he once displayed in resenting an insult females was observed telling fortunes which he conceived to be offered to his here. She had an astonishing knowfriend Mr. Gray:

ledge of towns in different parts of the In one of his excursions through world. Her stature was very tall, with Fife, he happened to be lying on the a strong robust person. Her eye-brows ground, basking himself in the sun, and had the appearance of being very much baiting bis ass on the road-side, when a arched, in consequence of the hair, with countryman, who was an entire stran- part of the skin of the brow, being ger to bim, came past, singing to bim- painted or stained, after the manner of self, in lightness of beari, à Scottish ihe Arabians and Persians, with a song, which, unfortunately for the man, brown colour, made of juice extracted Jamie bad never heard before ; and on from certain berbs. She was dressed the unconscions stranger coming to the in uncommon manner; her clothes words in the ditty, “Auld Robin Gray were in good condition ; and ber petwas a kind man to me,” the bot-blood- ticoats did not reach below the valves ed gypsey started to his feet, and, with of her legs. She spoke in a commandhis bludgeon, accompanied with a vol- ing tone; and altogether a very imley of oaths, brought the poor fellow posing aspect ; and was attended by a to the ground, repeating his blows in a party of our own Scottish vagrants. violeat manner, telling him in bis pas- I have now given you some idea of

VOL. 6.]

Ivanhoe, by the author of Waverly.'

469

the manner in which gypsies were, from detail to you the extraordinary proceedtheir very infancy, painfully trained to ings which take place at their marriages, theft and robbery, the leading features when some account of the priest, if I in the general character of that race ; may so call him, and the parties conand particulars of the manner and style ceroed, will be necessary, in explaining in which single gypsies, at one period, the ceremonies observed on these occatraversed this country; and will ere long sions.

W.S.

IVANHOE.

Extracted from Blackwood's (Edinburgh) Magazine. AFTER the first basty perusal of ungoverned passion. It seems as if the

a work wbich unites so much atmosphere around them were all alive novelty of representation with a depth with the breath of trumpets, and the of conception, and a power of passion neighing of chargers, and the echo of equal, at least, to what had been exbib- war cries, And yet, with a true and ited in the best of its predecessors, it is beautiful skilfulness, the author bas resta no wonder that we should find ourselves ed the main interest of his story, not left in a state of excitement not much upon these fiery externals, in themselves akin to the spirit of remark or disquisi- so full of attraction, and every way so tion. Such bas been the mastery of characteristic of the age to which the the poet ; such the perfect working of story refers, but on the working of that the spell, by which he has carried us most poetical of passions, wbich is ever with him, back into his troubled, but deepest where it is most calm, quiet, majestic shape of vision, that we feel as and delicate, and which less than any if we bad just awakened from an actu al other, is changed even in its modes of dream of beauty and wonder, and bave manifestation, in conformity with the some difficulty in resuming the con- changes of time, manners, and circumsciousness, to say nothing of the more stances. For the true interest of this active functions of our ordinary and romance of the days of Richard, is plaprosaic life.

Never were the long ced neither in Richard bimself, nor the gathered stores of the most extensive knight of Ivanhoe, the nominal hero, erudition applied to the purposes of im- por in any of the haughty templars or aginative genius, with so much easy, barons, who occupy along with them lavish, and luxurious power-never the front of the scene; but in the still, was the illusion of fancy so complete devoted, sad, and unrequited tenderness made up of so many minute elements, of a Jewish damsel, by far the most and yet producing such entireness of ef- fine and at the same time the most rofect. It is as if tbe veil of ages had mantic creation of female character been in truth swept back, and we our- whatever, that is to be found in the whole selves had been for a time living, annals either of poetry or of romance. breathing, and moving in the days On the wbole, we bave no doubt this of Coeur de Lion-days how romance will be in the bighest degree different from our own; the hot, tem- popular bere, but still more so in Engpestuous, chivalrous, passionate, fierce land. Surely the hearts of our neighyouth of Christendom. Every line in bours will rejoice within them,when they the picture is true to the life : every find their own ancient manners are about thiog in the words, in the gestures; ev- to be embalmed, as we have no doubt ery thing in the very faces of the per- they will in many succeeding novels, sonages called up before vs, speaks of by the same masterly band, which has times of energetic volition, uncontrolled already conferred services of that sort so action, disturbance, tumult, the storms inestimable upoo us.” and whirlwinds of restless sons and

NOVELS.

From the same.

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VINCE, in modern times, the differ- variety of volition from those who exer-

ent modes of national existence are cise them, and has caused every unfoldno longer capable of being represented ing of character, except what bears on a in epic poems, it bas become the task of certain point, to be considered as superthe novelist to copy, in an bumbler fluous and pernicious. Novelists have style, the bumbler features exhibited therefore, for some time past, found by human life. Of all novels, Don more persons in the highest circles fit Quixote (which was the earliest great for exbibition than any where else, ex. work in that line) has most resemblance cept in life approaching to barbarism. to an epic. It has little to do with cities, Unshackled by the drudgeries of hise, but relates chiefly to the indigenous and standing in awe of few persons' national mauners remaining visible in opinions, the leaders of fashion bave Spanish country-life, and io chivalry; been able to let their minds shoot forth which, being unable any longer to hold in a considerable variety of forms and its place in society, could not be iniro- affectations, which, although neither duced among contemporary objects, ex- noble nor useful, have served to afford cept in masquerade. Fielding also rep- some amusement to gaping spectators resented English country-manners with in the other classes. Only sucb india their roots still fixed in their native soil. viduals of the lower class bave been Le Sage and Smollet boib bear traces dragged in, as happened to retain some of the adulteration which natural char- uncouth traits of physiognomy. acteristics undergo, wheo plucked up, However, as the manifestations exand boiled together, in the town caul- hibited in fashionable life are without drons. Goethe has preserved the rural system or coherency, and have no root life of the Germans in Herman and in any thing permanent, they cannot be Dorothea ; which, although written in painted, once for all, in any standard the form of a poem, bears a close affini- performance; and hence a succession ty to some of the higher sorts of novels. of flimsy publications keeps pace with And, lasıly, some person, who seems their changes. The manners and cooaverse to have his name too often re- cerns of the middle classes have also peated, has fairly pasted the flowers of been handled in works, wbich are not Scotland into his herbals of Guy Man- written like the highest novels, for tbe nering, Old Mortality, &c. for perpetu- sake of recording the developements al preservation.

exhibited by the human mind, but These form the highest class of the which may be called moral novels ; novels wbich have dealt in actual exist- because they have generally a didactic ences, and not in pastimes of imagina- purpose, relating to existing circumtion. In proportion as society bas un- stances, and are meant to shew the caudergone the influence of detrition, suc- ses of success or failure in life, or the ceeding novels of the pourtraying class ways in wbich happiness or misery is havegrown more limited in their objects, produced by the different management more slight in their execution, and more of the passions and affections. ephemeral in their interest.

The ex

To judge bow far the modes of external aspect of town-life no longer af- istence of the different classes are worth fords any thing worthy of being painting, it would be necessary to take painted for posterity; and the coua- a glance at the objects, passions, or emtry-people, feeling the influence of an ployments which respectively fill up intellectual ascendancy proceeding from their lives. The highest class has more the cities, bave lost confidence in their room than any other, to sprout forth in own impressions. The uniformity of spontaneous form; but its aims are for babits, imposed by most trades and the most part neither bigler nor serious, professions, has eradicated freedom and and its force like that of rockets, is spent

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