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Reynell Wreford. William-Henry Wreford. Mary-Reynell Wreford. Rev. Henry - William - Gardiner Wreford, pastor of the presbyterian church, assembling in the great meeting house, Coventry, m. Mary, youngest daughter of Jeremiah Ridout, esq. of Edgbaston, near Birmingham, and has issue, Laura-Reynell Wreford. Charles-James Wreford, midshipman in the Hon. East India Company's service, lost at sea, April, 1828. Mary-Reynell Wreford. Elizabeth-Morell Wreford. 1x. Elizabeth, b. in 1779, m. 5th August, 1812, to the Rev. John Morell, LL.D. pastor of a presbyterian church, successively at Enfield, Daventry, and Brighton, and the author of numerous publications. He has had issue, 1. John-Reynell Morell. 2. Elizabeth Morell, deceased. 3. Charlotte Morell. The eldest son,

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S1 R Thomas REYNEll, knt. second son of Sir Thomas Reynell, knt. of West Ogwell, by Frances, daughter of John Aylworth, esq. was born A.D. 1588. He was a member of the Middle Temple, and sewer of honour in ordinary to CHARLEs I. whom he accompanied during almost the whole period of the civil wars. He was knighted by that monarch 15th September, 1625, on the occasion of that monarch visiting his uncle, Sir Richard Reynell, at Ford House. He on. Katherine, sole daughter and heiress of Sir Henry Spiller, of Laleham, in the county of Middlesex. Sir Henry Spiller, dying 18th April, 1649, left his two manors of

Laleham and Shepperton, both in the county of Middlesex, to his grandsons, Thomas and Henry Reynell. Sir Thomas Reynell d. at Laleham, May, 1665, aged seventy-seven. A portrait of this gentleman, of his lady, and of her father, Sir Henry Spiller, by Vandyck, are now in possession of the present representative of this branch of the family, at Tor, near Torquay, Devon. Sir Thomas Reynell was buried in a vault under the altar of the parish church of Shepperton, where all his descendants through his second son, including the late Mr. Reynell, of Leatherhead, lie interred. Sir Thomas left issue, Thomas, his successor. HENRY, who s. his brother. Frances, m. Francis Hippesley, esq. Katherine, m. Peter Dutton, of Hatton, esq. in the county of Chester. Dorothy, m. Roger Gardiner, esq. of White Waltham, in the county of Berks.

THoMAs REYNell, esq. of Laleham, son and heir of Sir Thomas Reynell, was b. in 1648. He m. Anne, daughter and co-heiress of Charles Balam, esq. of Cambridge, He d. 9th January, 1670, and was buried at Laleham. He left issue, one only daughter. Elizabeth, who inherited Laleham, and was m. to her kinsman, Sir Richard Reynell, second baronet of the Irish creation of 1678, and son and heir of Sir Richard Reynell, bart. lord chief justice of Ireland. By this gentleman she was mother of the third baronet, Sir Thomas Reynell, and great-grandmother of the present and sixth baronet, Major General Sir Thomas REYNell, K.C.B. (See BURRE's Peerage and Baronetage.) Lady Reynell d. 2nd April, 1706, aged thirty-nine, and was buried at Laleham with her father. Her husband likewise, who d. in June, 1723, was buried at Laleham.

Mr. Reynell leaving no male issue, was s. by his brother, HENRY REYNEll, esq. of Shepperton, who took the name of Spiller in addition to and after his patronymic. This gentleman was an eminent lawyer. He m. Elizabeth, dau. of Basil Brent, esq. of Hanslope Park, in the county of Berks. He d. 24th February, 1715, aged eighty-one, and was s. by his only son, BRENT-REY Nell Spiller, esq. of Shepperton, who m. Mary, daughter and coheiress of William Hockmore, of BucklandBaron, in the county of Devon, and d. 15th April, 1736, when he was s. by his son, HENRY REYNEll, esq. of Shepperton, who on disposing of the Spiller estates, dropped the use of that name. He m. Anne-Eliza

beth, daughter of Zouch Troughton, esq. Both d. in 1762, leaving HENRY, who succeeded. Mary, m. James Doran, esq. and d.s.p. Elizabeth-Marquess, m. William Gould, esq. and d. s. p. Mr. Reynell was s. by his only son, HENRY REYNell, esq. of Leatherhead, in the county of Surrey. He m. Hester, dau. of John Bowman, esq. and d. in December, 1824, leaving issue, one daughter, his heiress. CARoll NE-Hester. This lady m. in April, 1821, the Rev. David Williams, second son of the late Rev. Thomas Williams, vicar of Langammarch, in

the county of Brecon. On his marriage with Miss Reynell, Mr.Williams took the name and arms of REYNEll in addition to his own. On the death of Mr. Reynell, of Leatherhead, his son-in-law and daughter inherited the manor of Buckland-Baron, alias Netherton, in the parish of Combein-teign-head, in the county of Devon; and the manors of North Bower and East Chilton, with part of the manor of Wembdon, in the county of Somerset. Their residence is at Tor, near Torquay, in the county of Devon.


CHADWICK, ELIAs, esq. of Swinton Hall, in the county of Lancaster, b. 6th January, 1813, succeeded his father in January, 1834. Mr. Chadwick is an Honorary Master of Arts of the Universities of Oxford and HOPE, OF DEEPDENE.



This family springs originally from the hamlet of Chadwick, in the parish of Rochdale, situated at the southern extremity of Spotland, bounded eastward by the Spodden, and southward by the Roche. William de Chadwyke, the first of the name on record, was born about the year 1355, as he was living in 1413, being then styled senior, and having a son, William, of age. William de Chadwyke, son of William de Chadwyke, senior, had a grant from Adam de Bamford in 1413, of certain lands from Adam de Bamford. His descendant, John de CHADWYK, son of Nicholas de Chadwyk, by Maud, his wife, daughter and heir of Thomas de Paris, died in the lifetime of his elder brother Robert, in, or about the year 1445, leaving three sons, namely, HENRY, his heir, of Chadwyk, living, 25th March, 1470; ancestor of the CHAdwicks of Chadwick. JonAthAN

CHAdwick, M.D. of Chadwick, aged forty-five, 9th September, 1664; m. first, Maria, daughter of Thomas Chetham, esq. of Nuthurst, in Lancashire; and secondly, Catherine, daughter of his kinsman, Colonel Lewis Chadwicke, of Mavesyn Ridware, in Staffordshire, and widow of Lieutenant-Colonel John Chadwick, of Healey Hall. Dr. Chadwick left issue only by his first wife, John, M.A. b. in 1649, of Chadwick Hall, died s. p. JoNATHAN, M.A. of Chadwick Hall, died s. p. Willia M, M.A. of Chadwick Hall, died s. p. SARAH, who inherited the estate of Chadwick after the death of her youngest brother. She died unmarried in 1722, having bequeathed her lands to her ma– ternal relative, the Rev. Roger Kay, by whom they were left in charity to the school of Bury.

Jord AN, who held lands in the town

ship of Spotland, temp. HeNRY WI., ancestor of the Chadwykes of Healey Hall, in Lancashire. The representative of that line, John Chadwicke, esq. of Healey Hall, m. his relative Katherine, only surviving daughter and heir of Lewis Chadwicke, esq. of Mavesyn Ridware, and from this marriage descends the present Hugo-MAlve Y six CHAdwick esq. of Mavesyn Ridware, in Staffordshire, and of Healey, in Lancashire. (See Vol.III. p. 438.) Hugh, living in 1483. From John de Chadwyk also descended the family of which we are now treating. Its immediate ancestor, Eli As CHAdwick, esq. of Wigan, son of Elias Chadwick, of Winstanley, in Lancashire, m. Ellen, daughter of James Strettell, esq. of Swinton, in that county, and had issue, STRETTELL, who m. Grace, widow of — Bolton, esq. and is deceased. Thomas, died unm. Elias, of whom presently. Margaret, m. Thomas Seddon, esq. of Manchester, and had five sons and daughters, viz.: James Seddon. Robert Seddon, who m. first, his cousin Mary, daughter of Strettell Seddon, esq., of Darley, in Lancashire, and secondly, Judith, daughter of R. Wetherell, esq. of Liverpool. Elias Seddon, deceased. Thomas Seddon, deceased. Strettell Seddon, who m. Mary, daughter of R. Wetherell, esq. and has a son, Strettell. Margaret Seddon, d. unm. Ellen Seddon. Mary Seddon, died unm.


Ellen, m. to Jeremiah Royle, esq. of Manchester. The youngest son, Elias CHADwick, esq. of Swinton Hall, in Lancashire, m. 14th August, 1806, Alice, daughter of Henry Arrowsmith, esq. of Astley, in the same county, by Elizabeth,” his wife, and had issue, HENRY STRETTell, of the Inner Tem

* This lady m. secondly, the Rev. Daniel Birkett, vicar of Leigh, in Lancashire, and by him had issue, Thomas Birkett, in holy orders, vicar of South Tawton, Devon.

William Birkett, in holy orders, m. Mary,

ple, barrister-at-law, b. 11th June, 1807. Elias, now of Swinton Hall. Ellen, who m. the Rev. Samuel Broomhead Ward, B.A., rector of Teffont Evias, Wilts, eldest son of SamuelBroomhead Ward, esq. of Mount Pleasant, in Yorkshire, and has issue, 1. Samuel-Broomhead Ward. 2. Henry-Chadwick Ward. 3. Francis-William Ward. 4. Ellen-Sarah Ward. Elizabeth, died unm. 24th December, 1832. Fanny. Mr. Chadwick d. 8th February, 1825, and left his property at Swinton to his younger son, the present Elias CHADwick, esq. of Swinton Hall.

Arms—Gu. an inescutcheon within an orle of martlets arg: all within a bordure engrailed or, charged with crosses crosslet. Crest—In front of two crosses crosslet fitchée, in saltire, the flower and stem of a white lily slipped, ppr. Motto—In candore decus. Estate—In Lancashire. Seat—Swinton Hall, Lancashire. In the memorable '45, when the Duke of Cumberland marched through Lancashire on his way to Scotland to suppress the insurrection in favour of CHARLEs-Edward, his Royal Highness with part of his army, passed through Swinton, and having halted in one of the adjacent fields, sent for provisions to Swinton Hall, then in the possession of James Strettell, esq. the present proprietor's great-grandfather. The family, whose principles were hostile to the House of Hanover, became much alarmed, and having surrendered all but the plate, they sunk that to the bottom of a deep well, which is still under the house, and still made use of.

daughter of Samuel Horrocks, esq. M.P. for Preston, and has issue,






HOPE, HENRY-THOMAS, esq. of Deepdene, in the county of Surrey, and of Trenant Park, Cornwall, succeeded his father in 1831. Mr. Hope is in the commission of the peace for Gloucestershire and Surrey, and

M. P. for the city of Gloucester.


The surname of Hope is of great antiquity in North Britain, and so early as 1296, John de Hope swore fealty to Edward I. of England. The immediate ancestor of the existing families of Hope, John De Hope, is stated to have come from France in the retinue of Magdalene, queen of JAMEs V. in 1537, and to have settled in Scotland. He m. Elizabeth Cumming, and had a son, Edwa RD Hope, one of the most considerable inhabitants of Edinburgh, temp. Queen MARY, and a great promoter of the reformation. In 1560, he was chosen one of the commissioners for that metropolis to the parliament then convened. His son, HENRY Hope, a very eminent merchant, married a French lady, Jacqueline de Tott, and was father of Thomas Hope, who, being bred to the Scottish bar, first attained eminence in 1606, by his defence of the six ministers, (clergymen) tried for high treason, for denying that the king possessed authority in matters ecclesiastical; and acquired eventually the largest fortune ever accumulated by a member of the legal profession in Scotland. He was appointed king's advocate, and created a BARoNet of Nova Scotia, 11th February, 1628. This eminent person married Elizabeth, daughter of John Bennet, by whom he had fourteen children; three of whom were upon the bench, when he pleaded, as lord advocate, before them ; and to this circumstance, tradition assigns the privilege which that officer of the crown enjoys of pleading covered in the supreme court of judicature, it being deemed indecorous that a father should stand uncovered before his sons. Of his children, the four eldest sons were, 1. John (Sir), of Craighall, appointed a lord of session 27th July, 1632, and assumed the title of Lord Craighall. He d. in 1655, and left, with daughters, two sons, Thomas (Sir), bart. of Craighall,

whose male line ceased with his grandson, Lieut.-general Si R Joh N-BRUCE Hope, seventh Baronet of Craighall, in 1766. Archibald (Sir), of Rankeillor, appointed a lord of session in 1689. His son, Thomas, s. as eighth Baronet of Craighall, upon the demise of his cousin in 1766, and from him descends the present BARoNet of Craighall, undoubted chief of the name.

ii. Thomas (Sir), of whom presently.

111. Alexander (Sir), of Grantoun, cupbearer to CHARles I. d.s. p. 1680.

iv. JAMEs (Sir), of Hopetoun, appointed a lord of. session in 1649, ancestor of the EARLs of Hopetoun. (See BURke's Peerage.)

The second son, SiR Thomas Hope, of Kerse, b. August, 1606, was constituted in 1640, colonel of the troop of horse raised by the College of Justice to attend General Leslie, as his life guard, when he marched into England at the head of the Scottish army. He was appointed a lord of session and lord justicegeneral 13th November, 1641; and was nominated one of the commissioners to treat with the parliament of England about the most effectual method of suppressing the Irish rebellion. He had two sons, namely,

1. Alexander (Sir), of Kerse, created a BARonet 30th May, 1672. His great-grandson, Sir Alexander Hope, fourth Baronet of Kerse, sold that noble inheritance to SIR LAwRENCE DUNDAs, bart.

ii. HeNRY.

The second son of Sir Thomas,” HENRY Hope, esq. founded the great and opulent branch of the Hopes, long settled as merchants at Amsterdam. He m. Anna Hope, and was father of ARCHIBAld Hope, esq. who m. Anne Claus, and had nine sons and two daughters Wiz. 1. Lewis, died young. 11. ADRIAN, of Amsterdam, died unm. in 1780. iii. Thomas, of whom presently. iv. John, d. s. p. v. Isaac, who m. Maria Van Vlierden, and had a son, Oliver, who d. unm. vi. Henry, who died unmarried.

* Sir Robert Douglas deduces the Horrs of Amsterdam differently, and calls Henry Hope, their immediate ancestor, not son of Sir Thomas Hope, of Kerse, but younger brother of Sir Thomas Hope, the eminent lawyer, the first Baronet of Craighall.


vii. Zachary, who married Maria Van Vlierden, and had a son and daughter, Archibald and Lucy. viii. Archibald, d. s. p. 1x. James, died unmarried. 1. Anne. 11. Elizabeth. The third son, Thomas Hope, esq. of Amsterdam, m. Margaret Marselis, and had four children, who all died young, excepting Joh N Hope, esq. of Amsterdam, who m. P. B. Van Der Hoeven, and had three SOnS, Thomas, his heir. Adrian, died unm. Henry-Philip. The eldest son, Thomas Hope, esq. of Deepdene, in Surrey, and of Duchess Street, London, the celebrated author of “Anastasius,” acquired high reputation as a literary man himself, and as an encourager of literature and the fine arts. Early in life, Mr. Hope travelled over various parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa; and having, with a refined taste, acquired a facility of drawing, brought home a large collection of sketches, principally of architecture and sculpture. On his return, founding his judgment on what he had seen during his travels, he devoted much time and study in fitting up the interior of his mansion in Duchess Street, partly from the designs he had collected, and partly in imitation of the best specimens, both ancient and modern, in Italy. In 1805, he published the drawings he had made for his furniture in a folio volume, entitled, “Household Furniture and Decorations;” and that work led the way to a complete revolution in the upholstery and decoration of houses. “Mr. Hope,” says a recent writer, “was, in all respects, a munificent patron of arts and of artists, and even of the humbler mechanic ; for he has been known to traverse obscure alleys, lanes, and courts, to find out and employ men of skill and talent in their respective pursuits. Thorwaldsen, the Danish sculptor, was chiefly indebted to him for the early support and patronage he experienced. The genius of young Chantry was called into action, whilst the more mature talents of Flaxman were honouraby employed. These are only a few of the numerous instances in which his liberality was nobly and advantageously exhibited.” In 1809, appeared Mr. Hope’s “Costume of the Ancients;” three years after, his “Designs of Modern Costumes;” and sub

sequently, the celebrated romance of “Anastasius; or Memoirs of a Modern Greek,” which evinced the general knowledge, the fancy, and powers of the author. He m. 16th April, 1806, the Hon. Louisa Beresford, youngest child of the Right Rev. Lord Decies, Archbishop of Tuam, and by that lady, who wedded secondly, Viscount Beresford, had issue, HENRY, his heir. Adrian-John, late capt. 4th dragoon guards, who m. Matilda, Countess Rapp, daughter of General Rapp, one of Napoleon's commanders. Alexander-James-Beresford Hope. Mr. Hope died 3rd February, 1831, and was s. by his eldest son, the present HENRY Hope, esq. of Deepdeene.

Arms—Az. a chev. or, between three beZants. Crest—A broken globe, surmounted of a rainbow, with clouds at each end, ppr. Motto—At spes non fracta. Estates—In the counties of Surrey, Gloucester, and Cornwall. Town Residence—Duchess Street, Portland Place. Seats—Trenant Park, near East Looe, and the Deepdene, near Dorking.

*...* It is remarkable that this beautiful spot is described by the old topographer Aubrey, by the name of its future owner. His words are as follows: “A long hope, i. e. according to Virgil, deductus vallis, is contrived in the most pleasant and delightful solitude for house, gardens, orchards, boscages, &c. that I have seen in England; it deserves a poem, and was a subject worthy of Mr. Cowley's muse. The true name of this Hope is Dipden, quasi Deepdene.” The natural beauties of Deepdeyne were first moulded into cultivation by the Hon. Charles Howard, who died possessed of the estate in 1714. His grandson, Charles Howard, esq. of Deepdene, became eventually Duke of Norfolk, and was father of the late duke, who sold the Deepdene in 1791, to Sir William Burrell, bart.; Sir William's son and successor, Sir Charles-Merrick Burrell, bart. sold the Deepdene to the late Thomas Hope, esq. who considerably enlarged the house, and subsequently added to the grounds the estate of Chart Park, which he purchased of Sir Charles Talbot, bart. Betchworth Castle has since been added to the property.

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