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1816.) Dr. Clanny on the Lighting of Coal-Mines. why these lamps were not in general use through by such a violent heat as that long before this time, arose from an im- of fire-damp, if it be not immediately espression, that no light could be so guarded tinguished. All the attempts which have as to be perfectly safe in a field of fire- hitherto been made by those who have damp. From this circumstance, I ein- offered lamps to the public, for the pure braced the first opportunity which of pose of effecting a light which would fered of descending into a coal mine, in burn the fire-damp for any length of which there was a certaioty of meeting time, particularly at the wick, (except with an abundance of fire damp; and that wbich I discovered in December accordingly, accompanied by Mr. Holmes last) have been completely abortive. I and Mr. Patterson, engine-wright of the beg leave to report, without fear of conHerrington Mill Pit, I had the honour, tradiction, that my new lamp is much in October last, to be the first persoii superior, in every particular, to any who ever ventured a light into an atmo. other which has hitherto been made sphere of fire-damp at the exploding known; and as it has the singular virtue point. The particulars of these first and of giving a steady light, partly from traindecisive trials were read before the Royal oil, and partly from fire-damp, at the Society a few weeks ago. The courage, wick, it requires no attendance, is always the talents, and the perseverance dis- cool, and continues to burn as long as played by Mr. Patterson, demand any there is a sufficiency of atmospheric air warmest commendation, and I trust he to support combustion; it will therefore will yet receive those rewards which he' be found very serviceable as a working so well merits. Mr. Patterson defies lamp, an exploriog lamp, a dialling lamp, danger from fire-damp when using my and a standing lamp." original lamp of the largest size, which completely refutes the unjust and erro On the 24th of April, the four acadeneous insinuations thrown out against mies of the Royal INSTITUTE held their its size by some very interested indivi- first general meeting since his Majesty duals. The originality and priority of my gave to this body its new constitution. idea of an insulated light for coal mines; Count VAUBLANC, minister of the intethe construction of the safety lampi rior, opened the business of the day in a and the establishment of the safety and speech, in which he inforined the memutility of that lamp in a coal mine greatly bers, that he had been ordered by the King infested with infiammable air, are as to instal in bis name, the academies which clear as noon-day. All the lamps his constant solicitude for the prosperity which have bitherto been constructed by of literature, sciences, and the arts, had others upon my plan of insulating the re-organized. He was followed by the light, are greatly inferior to the original Duke of RICHELIEU, who congratulated lamp for safety and strength of light, himself on bis election to the presidency which is not compensated by their sup- of the French Academy. The Count de plying themselves with air without the Fontanes, vice-president, delivered a aid of bello.vs, for, from the inventors' dissertation on the progress and properown reports, their lamps require constant ties of language; atier which a Alemoir attention in dangerous situations; out on Homer, by the Count de CHOISEUL as it has been considered by gentlemen GOUFPIER, president of the Academy of concerned in coal mines, that a pitman's Belles Lettres was read by M. Walckelamp which does not require bellows is
Having frequently verified on a more convenient instrument, I have the spot the accuracy of the descriptions much pleasure in stating, that the lamp of the Greciao bard, the writer could which I invented and constructed in not repress his indignation to find that December last, (after a series of tedious modern authors, not content with denyexperiments) has lately been used in a ing the Iliad to be the work of Homer, diversity of places, when the atmosphere and asserving that it is a collection of vaof the mine was in a bighly explosive rious poems, carry their scepticisin to state ; and in all instances the lamp con such a length as to pretend that this extinued to burn with common train oil traordinary gevius is bumself a tabulous very brightly and strongly, at the wick being. The Academy of Sciences could only, in the greatest safety, and not upon not have selected a more worny interthe inner surface of the lamp, such as is preter than M. Cuvier, who 'sketched a the case with the fine wire-gauze lamps, rapid and animated piciure of the influwhich are, on that very account, very ence which the sciences had undeniably, dangerous in the hands of careless pit- exercised on the civilization and promen, froin their liability of being burnt sperity of nations. M. QUATREMERE DE NEW MONTILY Mag.No. 29,
Costumes of England-Animal Magnetism. [Janel, Quincy delivered a discourse on the forward one of his somnambules,"-ora state of the Fine Arts, and the business we might without much licence, iers olthe day concluded with a posthumous them sieeping partners. Under the pos epistle from M. Ducis to M. de ertul hand of the master, the lady lei Boufilcis, read by M. CAMPEON. asleep without resistance, but nobody
The first and second numbers of a was persuaded by her exanıple to do tbe Collection of Costumes, drawo from life, same. lo vaiu did i be operalor shake the by C. Vents, have appeared at Paris; magnetic poppy over three fourths of a each number contains six engravings, auditors; be conld not obtain either from and these two brst are especially devoted weariness or complaisance the slightest to the fastuons of the English, both inale drowsiness, which did not fail to diren and female. On this subject a French the assembly. M Faria challenged such critic, M. Bucard makes the following of bis auditors as were ailwg to desire to observations:--" Before the lung in- be informed of the cause of their disorder terruption of our relations with England, and its remedy by the inspirations of the there was a continual intercourse between fair sleeper. 'An officer rose: the pro the two nitions and a rivalry in fashions, fes.or requested him to mention bis ail. which leli scarcely any difference be- ment, and when it was remarked ibat tween the Parisian beau monde, and the this precaution did not indicate any great fashionshle orld in London. After a degree of penetration, M Faria requested separation of 25 years, we were surprized the officer merely to mention the part of to see those same English, bou men and the body affected. Ble stated that it was women, in a cos'ume, differing not only his right leg. Not a word of this dialogue from Wat of France, but froin that of the was lost by the sleeper. The doctor rest of Europe. Methought that in these then urged the officer to assign with prenew fashions, especially in the attire of cision the cause of the complaint; on the females, might be discovered many which the oracle talked of obstruction of of the details, and a general system of the blood, thickened lymph &c. “ Nodress burrowed from India. The form thing of the sort," cried the soldier bluotand the dimensions of the sabre of the ly; ' is a wound!—you must be dreame English officers, and the manner of wear. ing." This answer was followed by bursts ing it are likewise similar to the Indian of laughter, hisses and the proluse enpractice. It was certainly neither the ployment of the termsquack and impostor. climate and the sert eis of Londo:), nor the -It is related that M. Putier of the streets and the climate of Paris which Theatre des Varietés, took it into his suggested the idea of the white cotton bead a few days since, to play Faria a. pantaloons, which we have seen so many trick. He presented himself as if filled of them wearing. I could easily extend with saving faith, according to the famithese observations to almost all the parts liar expression of the professor. The of the female apparel, and to some of latter, overjoyed at baving met with a the desses and ornaments of the men; subject, said in a loud and most imperaeither because the mighty yeniuses which tive tone: Sleep !-Potier began to nod. devote their studies to the invention of Upon his awaking, the same voice cried new fashious, belong to the herd of imi- in the same tone, I paralyse you! and tators, or utrat would be a serious consi- Potier was paralysed. The abbé to comderat ou of a very different kind, because plete his success added : I restore to the mambers of the formidable Iudian co- you the freedom of motion, bur Potier lony actually begin to acquire an ascen abused this freedom of motion : for be dancy over those of the mother-country. moved bis hands with such violence, that Certain it is that the English fashions his right fist is said to hase rudely ennever differed so much from those of the countered the face of the astonished proEuropean continent; and that they are fessor." not the better for it, especially as iar as M. LE NORMANT has announced his the dress of men is concerned.”
intention of printing, under the general We deemed it right in our last num title of Politique, a collection of tracts ber (p. 326) to insert a caution against by M. de CHATEAUBRIAND, such as the aris of ine empirical puffers of the Buonaparte et les Bourbons, le Quatre pretended science of Animal Magnetism. Octobre, les Reflexions politiques, le A lile Poris paper gives the following Vingt et un Janvier, le Rapport sus particulars concerning the abbé Faria, l'Etat de la France, presented at Ghent, one of these quacks who practises his de- &c. To this collection will be added, lusions in the rooms of Tivoli, every the speeches delivered by M. de ChaThursday.--"Last week M. Faria brought teaubriand, in the chainber of peers dur
ing the present session; and the whole partments are thus arranged, Messrs. will be preceded by an introduction on Visconti and Quatremère de Quincy the proceedings of the two chambers, will superintend what relates to the arts; the spirit of the ministry, and the present Boissonade, Greek and Latin literature, state of France.
Raoul-Rochette, modern history; VanGREAT BRITAIN, says the Journal des derboorg, foreign and French literature; Debats, affords a retreat to all the ex- de Chezy, oriental literature ; Gay-Lasploded quacks of the continent. Thus sac, chemistry; Biot, the natbeinatical Feinagle, the inventor of the system of sciences, and Cousin philosophy and meMnemonics, has formed a very successful taphysics. establishment, which he calls the Fein- The Chevrette cutter, commanded by aglian Institution, at Dublin, where all Capt.Gauttier, to whom the French navy who are deficient in memory, are sup- is indebted for several hydrographical plied with that useful quality. --The works sailed from Touloo on the 16th of journalist does not informn us how many April. That officer is direct d to deterBritish empirics we have exported to the mine the position of the capes and coasts continent in return; thougb we observe in forming the circumference of the Media the Paris papers, various announcements terranean. Similar operations are about of the wonder-working powers of the to be undertaken by the royal command renowned Dr. Williams, to the good peo- on the coasts of the Atlantic ocean. ple of that city.
The charts of these coasts were drawn A periodical work has lately been during the reign of Louis XIV, with all commenced under the title of Panorame the accuracy which the state of knowd'Angleterre. It is a selection from ledge at that period admitted of: but English works and froin the notice given the king is sensible of the importance of of its contents, not too well calculated to furnisbing nautical men with charts of the accomplish its professed object, that of utmost precision that the improvements “ making the French intimately ace in the sciences and the instruinents emquainted with this country in all its bear. ployed can bestow, Poli ical events alone ings."
prevented the commencement of this inMademoiselle Suzanne, who appeared teresting enterprize a year ago. It is some months since at the Comedie Fran under the direction of M. BEAUTEMS caise in Paris, with no very flattering suc- Beaupré, assisted by several engineers cess, lately returned to Bourdeaux. She and draughtsmen. bore, however, a very bad character The government is extending its views among the people of that city, who re- to still more distant quarters. The fine collected the excessive fondness wbich ship Le Solide, which under the comshe had manifested last year for the vio- mand of Capt. Marchandet, performed a let. On making her first appearance voyage round the world, the account of after her return, no sooner was she re, which was drawn up by M. Fleurieu, has cognized than she was ordered from all sailed for the Isle of Bourbon, on an exparts of the house to shout Vite Le Roi! pedition of discovery. She obeyed. Vide Madame! was next The manufactory of files at Amboise is called for; again she complied. A tri- one of the most considerable in France, coloured cockade was then thrown on and also one of those that furnishes arthe stage with this injunction : “ Made- ticles of the best quality. About ten moiselle Suzanne, pick up that cockade years since, when it came into the hands and burn it immediately." The actress of the present proprietor, it occupied only fetched a candle and reduced the sign of $0 workmen and produced goods to the rebellion to ashes. Satisfied with this amount of no more than 36,000 francs amende honorable, the audience permitted of such inferior qualities as to be unsalepoor Finette to begin her part and for able. Such have been the improvements Once to perform the character of a hoy. since made in every branch of the maden with the humbled look and contrite nufacture, that the goods produced here tone of a penitent.
are now in the bighest request, and are PILLET, the author of a notorious libel employed exclusively in the naval arsen on the English nation, which was sup- nals. In 1815 the establishment empressed by the French government about ployed 120 workmen, and turned out of a year ago, died at Paris on the 28th of hand 40,000 dozen of fine files and April, at the age of 54 years. .
30,000 packets of coarse ones. During The Journal des Suduns, originally es- the present year the demand and the tablished during the reign of Louis XIV, number of workmen are so increased that is about to be revived. The different des the manufactory which in 1815 consumed
160,000 kilogrammes of 6ne steel, is ex- neighbour's often made incursions into it pected to require no less a quantity than across the Bog, and the inhabitants filed to 200,000 in 1816.
escape captivity. It was restored to agriSWITZERLAND.
culture and the arts, by the care of the BARONESS KRUDENER, of Riga, who Empress Catherine, who caused the ferosome years since displayed considerable cious horde to be dispersed or destroyed. talent in a novel, entitled Valerie, has it The great proprietors then returned; seems becn seized with an extraordinary among them was Count Felix Potocks, religious mania. Having been obliged by wbom the troubles in Poland had lotte the government of Basle to quit that city, kept at a distance. The cultivated steppes she has for some time past, resided at were soon covered with abundant har. Arau, where she preaches to the Protes. vesis; convenient and elegant babita. tants who assemble from the adjacent tions rose around magnificent palaces; country to hear her. She holds a pious regular and commercial towns presentconference in French every evening, with ed to colonists all that industry can the better educated of the inhabitants furnish for the supply of the wants and of Arau. It is said that she gives no pre- luxury of new inbabitants. Thus in the ference to any sect; that her opinions midst of a wilderness, Count Potocky which tend to the union of all religious projected and created a garden,dedicated sucieties, are founded on the principal to his beloved consort, and named after truths of all tbe christian persuasions. her, Sophiowka. Two thousand workmen, She accordingly admits to her meetings, vassals to the count, were employed ten persons of all religious communions, who years in executing the plan, designed by never fail to retire highly edified.
able artists; ncarly a million of ducats The fourth and last volume of the Cor. was expended upon it will taste and disrespondence of the celebrated WIELAND cerndient, and this garden is now one of has just appeared at Zurich.
those which are reckoned most worthy Mr. Füssli has published Me ninth part of being visited by all the lovers of the of his great Dictionary of Arts, which beauties of nature and of the arts. Por comprizes the letter T. Two more parts try soon seized a subject which lent will complete this excellent collection, such charms to its fictions, and friendship GERMANY.
sung the production of love. TremMr. LEOPOLD VON Buch, known to the becky, who was warmly attached to English reader by his travels in Norway, Count Potocky, and is styled by his couve is just returned from the Canary Islands, trymen the Polish Homer, composed this where he spent a whole year. He had poem at the age of 70 years. A translafor his assistant Mr. Smith, a young bo tion is ill calculated to do justice to this tanist, who accompanies the expedition work, whose chief merits consist in the to Congo and the interior of Africa. harmony of its numbers and the boldness
Mr. Von BUSCIIMANN has invented a of its expressions, many of which, creamusical instrument, which he denomi- ted by the author, have been adopted by nates terpodion. It has neither strings bis countrymen. The same motive which nor pipes, being composed only of small inspired the author, supported the transsticks, and is said to produce astonishing lalor under his difficult task. The friendtones.
ship of M. de Lagarde for the Cougtess AUSTRIA.
Potocka, bis gratitude for the generous Mr. David, astronomer at the imperial hospitality which he experienced during observatory, at Prague, remarked on the a long exile, occasioned by the political 12th April, at 9 P. M. two secondary troubles of France, froin ibis lady, lier moons, forined to the east and west of noble husband, and the generous Polish that luminary. They terminated in a cone nations, guided his pen and animated his of rays, resembling the tail of a comet. muse. The erudite works of Count This phenomenon lasted about 50 minutes, J. Potocky, well known for his researches
STRAUSS of Vienna, has just printed in on the origin of the Slavonian nations, a splendid 4to volume, a translation into have furnished M. Lagarde with wateFrench verse, by Count LAGARDE, of 4 rials for notes replete with learning and Polish poem, entitled Sophiowka, by interest. The work is embellished with STANISLAUS TREMBECKY. The subject engravings by the best artists of Vienna, of it is as follows.-The Ukraine, a fer- airong which are two highly finished portile and beautiful province of Poland, traits of the author and his interpretera incorporated with Russia by the first par. The typograpbical part, in Polish and ticion, was long an uncultivated wild. French, rivals the best productions of the The Zaporogian Cossacks, who were its press of Didot.
1816.) Statistical Sketch of the Austrian Empire.
429 In the fourth number of Baron Lichten- of April last, with Bavaria. According stern's Historical, Political and Statistic to the territorial arrangements concal Repository, printed at Vienna, is a cluded with the neighbouring states, this new statistical sketch of the states and monarchy now consists of the following population of the Austrian monarchy, provieces :since the treaty signed on the fourteenth
1,048,000 Country above the Ens, Lower Austria including the Innviertel, and the parts of the Haus
628,000 Truckyiertel, lately re-united. Styria . . .
799,100 Carinthia .
278,000 Camiola with Idria , .
277,000 Tyrol and Vorarlberg .
692,000 Salzburg, without that part on the left bank
164,000 of the rivers Salzach and Saal . Bohemia . . . . .
3,203,000 Moravia, with the Austrian part of Silesia .
1,709,000 Gallicia, Buckowina and the district of Tar- 1
3,645,000 nopol, lately reunited . Hungary, Sclavonia, and Croatia
7,000,000 Transylvania . . . . .
1,660,000 Dalmatia, with Ragusa and Cattaro.
315,000 Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom . .
4,290,000 Military frontier provinces of Croatia, Slavo-}
028,000 nia, Hungary and Transylvania,
Total 11,900 % 1 27,635,000
It is proper to observe, that the foreign Porte will procure his liberty. It would paper from which the above statement be an act worthy of the British governé is extracted, gives a different result, ment to exert its influence in his behalf. making the total number of square The same letters from Constantinople miles 12046,4, and of the inhabitants inform us, that Mr. Rich, author of an 27,956,000.
interesting Description of the Ruins of RUSSIA.
Babylon, lately published, las returned to The Emperor has appointed M. KA- Bagdad, where he is about to engage in RAMSIN, historiographer of the empire, a fresh researches. counsellor of state, conferred on him the During the last year, Messrs. RICHTER order of St. Anne, of the first class, and and LIEDMAN, the one a Livonian, the erdered the sum of 60,000 rubles to be other a Swede, have explored the whole placed at his disposal for the purpose of of Egypt and Nubia. They discovered printing his History.
above Philoe superb architectural reTURKEY AND THE EAST.
mains in what is called the Egyptian The positive statement of the death of style. They returned by way of Syria : Dr. SEETZEN, the celebrated traveller, Mr. Liedman proceeded to Constantino who has, for 16 years past, been explor- ple; but his companion is gone to the ing with indefatigable zeal, Asia Minor, north-west, and will endeavour to pene Palestine, Egypt, and Arabia, is now as trate toward Bokhara and Bactria. positively contradicted. Letters from M. von Haller is busily employed at Constantinople, dated Nov. 2, 1815, as- Constantinople in arranging the materials sert that be is detained a prisoner by the wbich he collected in Actica. Iman of Sana, in Yemen. The Iman
AMERICA. conceived that he had secured a rich The Swiss papers make us acquainted prize, and was disappointed to find that with the existence of a new town, called the traveller had in his possession no- New Vevey, on the banks of the Ohio, thing but some astronomical instruments which already contains four large and and dried herbs, and about 600 piastres. six small streets. They also relace, that It is to be hoped, that this enterprizing a colony has been founded under the man will not be suffered to languish long name of New Switzerland, but without in the prisons of Sana, but that the inter- informing us in what part of the United Terence of some powerful prince with the States, by wealthy proprietors of the