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about the cause, but the fact is undeni. sterling would not purchase so much of able."
any foreign commodity as the present Io the first three paragraphs, Mr. pound sterling, by so much as ihe in
trinsic value is diminished." Conduitt considers both gold and sil
In the above quotation, the word ver as measures; in the latter he makes eren silver, which throughout his value occurs four times. I beg the book he had asserted to be a mea
reader to reflect, whether the word sure, to have become merchandize, weight, would not have been much and to be bought and sold at a price. in the first two instances, the value
more significant in all, but at least Mr. Harris, a writer often alluded to by controversialists on Bullion,
being always according to the weigbt? &c. and who published about 1757,
Dr. Adam Smith's justly celebrated
work on the Wealth of Nations, is in says iu his work, “Silver is naturally cheaper in Mexico than in Spain, and
many parls obscured by the want of
a due distinction between value and in Spain than in the rest of Europe.” This is an assertion which I trust
The Doctor asserls and proves that my last Letter disproved. Silver can
“ Labour is the real measure of the not be bought, unless it is with gold, exchangeable value of all commodiand then it is not cheaper in Mexico ties,” but he endeavours to make lathan in Spain. If commodities are taken to Mexico to be sold, Silver is
bour the measure of price as well as the purchaser or price of the com
of value. If he had explained labour modity, and the commodity may be
to be the measure of value, and gold either dear or cheap ; but an ounce
or silver the measure of the price, be
would have been much more intelliof silver is the same in Mexico as in Spain, and in Spain as the rest of gible throughout. Europe.
The Doctor further says, that, “ Labour Mr. Harris has written “ price of
was the first price, the original purchaseBullion” in his Index, apd" value
money that was paid for all things. It
was not by gold and silver, but by labour, of Bullion” in his Book, using the that all the wealth of the world was origi. terms as synonomous.
wally purchased, and its value to those In another place Mr. Harris has who possess it, and who want to exchange written,
it for some new production, is precisely “ This restriction to quantity only, is equal to the quantity of labour which it essential to the nature and very being of
can enable them to purchase or commoney, as without which, it would lose its mand." place as such, and dwindle into mere com- The Doctor is here evidently almodity.”
luding to a period antecedent to the “ How could that be called money, the use of the precious metals as money, value or price of which was fluctuating : and consequently antecedent to the and at all markets and in all coutracts to
knowledge of buying and selling :: be bargaived for like other commodities ?"
therefore, the employmeot of the Mr. Harris in one of the foregoing words price, purchase, and money, in paragraphs has again used the words the above paragraph must be a mis. value and price as synonomous, and use of terms.
A LOMBARD. although he shews that money is not,
(To be continued.) and ought not to be commodity, yet in another place he has written of The Rev. J. GRAHAM, of Lifford, in"Bullion as being a commodity." forms us, that a friend of bis lately pur
An anonymous writer who publish- chased in Strabane, for a guinea, one of ed a work in which were observations
the silver medals said to have been struck
on the celebration of the Massacre of on Mr. Lowudes, Mr.Locke, and Mr.
Paris on St. Bartholomew's day in 1672. Harris, thus expresses himself in one
It is in excellent preservation ; on one part of his book.
side is represented the reigning Pope, “ If the intrinsic value of the coins of with the inscription GREGORIVA XIII. Pont. each nation be the basis or true par of Max. AN. 1. On the other a wioged angel exchanges; then, in case the pound ster- with a crucifix elevated in his right hand ling was reduced in value, for instance, and with a sword in his left-stabbing a five per cent. our exchanges with all fo- man who with a crowd flies before him reign nations would fall to our prejudice, over heaps of dead bodies. Inscription, in proportion as the pound sterling was · UGONOTORUM STRAGES. The present posdiminished in intrinsic value.”
sessor of this medal is Edward Peotland, “ Therefore the then nominal pound Esql Inspector-General of Excise.
1820.) Burley Hall, Rutlandshire, described.
393 Mr. URBAN,
Oct. 23. long range of superb iron-railing seНЕ
in the hundred of Oakham, the tourist enters between two handco. Rutland, is small, but owes its some lodges, after which he has to celebrity to the noble mansion of the traverse a walk of 270 yards, to the Earl of Winchelsea, which is the pride grand entrance, which is in the North of this little County, and must be äc- façade. It is difficult to imagine any knowledged amongst the finest seats thing inore superb than this grand in the kingdom.
coup d'æil with the mansion in front, Io the reign of our first James it the circular colonade, supported by was purchased by the Duke of Buck-, light airy pillars, on the sides, and the ingham, who made it one of the finest offices on each wing, all built of a fine seats in the midland parts of England. light grey stone, brought at an im Herethe Duke entertained King James mense expense from the quarries at and all his Court. Here it was also that Kettoo, and at Clipsham, and form. Ben Jonson's Masque of the “Gyp- ing a court supposed to be the largest sies” was first performed before the in the kingdom. Its style of archi. King and his Court. The performers tecture is of the Doric order, but not were all of the nobility, and the pe- overloaded with oroaments. The dant 'monarch was so delighted with, East and West fronts are even plain, it, as to have it performed several and are each 96 feet in'extent; and the times during the same progress, South" front is a counter-part of the particularly at Belvoir and at Wind- Northero face. On the Southern front sor.
is the superb terrace, 300 yards in $ In the Civil War the Parliamenta. length, and 12 broad, from whence rians garrisoned this place ; but fears the view over the gardens, ornament. ing an attack, they set fire to the ed grounds, and adjaceat country, is house and furniture, and left it. The beautiful in the extreme. five stables escaped, and remain to This elegant mansion owes much
of its modern splendour to the preAfter the Restoration, the Edifice : sent Earl; for it had been in some Jay long in ruins; till it was purchased parts almost in a state of dilapidation of the last Duke of Buckingham during his long minority, but it is by Daniel Earl of Nottingham, who now, throughout, io complete rere-built the mansion in its present pair and preservation. form. (See Plate I.) This family The whole of this superb mansion (afterwards inheriting the older title is most elegantly furnished ; the bed. of Winchelsea) have since made it chambers are numerous"; and even their principal residence.
the apartments designed for shew After re-building the House, the and state are still not too magnificent Earl of Nottinghani enclosed the Park to be comfortable. with a stone wall of nearly six miles The State apartments, with the picround. It now contains 1085 acres,
tures contained in each, are minutely and is covered with very large oaks, described in "The Beauties of Eng elms, and beech trees, of great value, land and Wales.” The Gardens and and beautifully intermixed with all Grounds are seen to great advantage kinds of forest trees * The lawns from the South front, and Eastern and open grounds are very extensive; wing of the house; the West end is and though its surface is fat; yet it occupied by the Church and its surpossesses soine very rich scenery, with rounding cemetery ; and the views a curious grotto, and other orvamen- from the terrace, and of the house tal decorations.
from different parts of the gardeo, The approach to the House leads are very striking. The gardens havo through a thick shrubbery, so as that enough of the antient regularity of the whole North side bursts upon the alleys, lawns, and partcrres, to serve spectator at once. Tbis presents a as a specimen of that style, and they centre of fine elevation, 196 feet in have at the same time enough of the length, with an extensive colonade on modern taste, to shew that Art has each side joiging it to the offices. A
been but the hand maid of Nature.
But the most interesting prospect * Agricultural Survey,
about the house is froin the roof, GRNT. MAG. Nov. 1820,
which looks down upon the grounds ing, embosomed in trees; and the and park, as in a map; and from whole vicinity very appropriately whevce, indeed, the visitor may see joins its neatness with the magoifi. the whole of this diminutive county. cence of the lordly mansion. The Church is a plain neat build- Yours, &c.
COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY.
OXFORDSHIRE. (Continued from p. 301.)
COLLEGES AND HALLS CONTINUED. DMUND HALL, so called from St. Edmund, Abp. of Canterbury, or
seminary in 1317; and after the dissolution of religious houses, was refounded by the members of Queen's College in the 16th century. Of this Hall, Prelates, Carleton of Chichester; and Kennct of Peterborough. Indepen. dent Judge, David Jeokios. Physicians, Bate, and Sir Richard Blackmore. Satirist, Oldham. Mathematician, Dr. John Newton. Nonjuror, Kettlewell. Scriptural scholars, Mill and GRABE. Antiquaries, Wanley and HEARNÉ.
New-INN HALL was originally called Trilleck's Inn, from its owner John Trilleck, Bp. of Hereford in 1349, but was purchased by William of Wykeham, Bp. of Winchester, and bestowed by hin upon New College, whence its present name.-Of this Hall, Lawyers, Sir William BLACKSTONE, and Sir Robert Chambers. Divine, Scott. Antiquary, Twyne.
St. Alban's HALL, 80 called from Robert of St. Alban's, a burgess of Os. ford in King Joho's reign.-Of this Hall, Prelates, Marsh of Armagh ; Lamplugh of York; and Hooper of Gloucester. Ambassador, Sir Thomas Higgons, Speaker of the Long Parliament, Lenthal. Druniatist, M ASSINGER.
ST. MARY's Hall was given by Henry Keipe, a burgess of Oxford in the reign of Henry III. as a parsonage house to the rectors of St. Mary, whence its name.
It was made an academical ball in 1325.-Of this Hall, Lawyers, Lord Chancellors, Sir Thomas More and Sir Christopher Hatton. Roman Catholic, Cardinal Allen. Poet, Sandys. Mathematician, Hariot. Polilical writers, Marchmont Needham, and its Tory principal Dr. William King, whose heart was deposited in its chapel, 1763.
ST. MARY MAGDALEN HALL was founded in 1480, by William of Waynfleet, Bp. of Winchester, close to his college of Magdalen, whence its name. On January 9, 1820, the Northern range of buildings was destroyed by fire, and on May 3, the foundation-stone of a new building, intended for the fu. ture residence of the scholars of this Hall, was laid on the site of the dissolved College of Hertford, which oblained ils pame from an inn possessed by one Elias de Hertford, who let it out to clerks about 1281, when it was called Hertford, or corruptly Hert, or Hart-hall. It was established as a collegiale hall in 1314, by Walter de Stapledon, Bp. of Exeter, and was converled into a college in 1739 by its Principal, Dr. Richard Newton.-Of Hert-hall, Prelale, KENN, of Bath and Wells, one of the Seven Bishops. Statesman, SackVILLE, first Earl of Dorset. Lawyer, SELDEN. Parliamentarian General, Sir William Waller. Satirist, Dr. Donne. Hebrician, Nicholas Fuller. Chronicler, Sir Richard Baker. Of Hertford College, Prelate, Newcome of Armaghi Statesinan, CHARLES JAMES Fox. Hebrician, Blagney. Saxonist, LYE.—0 f.;Magdalen Hall, Prelates, Stokesby of London, Longford of Lincolo, and Wilkins of Chester. Lawyer, Chief Justice, Sir MATTHEW HALE. Historian, Hyde LORD CLARENDON. Civilian, Sir Julius Cæsar. Republicán, Sir Henry Vane. Orientalist, PocockE. Physicians, SYDENHAM, Charleton, and Tyson. Poets, Warner and Daniel. Historian of this county and Staffordshire, Dr. Plott. Traveller, Sir George Wheler. Biographer, Phillips. Nonjuring Antiquary, Hickes. Presbyterians, Godwyo and Gale. Baplist, Tombes. Ünitarian, BIDDLE.
PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. Rivers, Bure, Charwell, 'Evenlode, Glyme, Isis, Ray, Thame, THAMES, Windrush.