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patched from Bombay against him. To rection, it is reported, has begun among these he opposed an army of 40,000 men ; some of the principal tribes in the interior, but after two actions, one on the 5th, and which, by extending into the city, may be. another on the 17th November, he was appeased only by the head of the Dey. routed, and fled to one of his strong forts, abandoning Poonah, his capital, which was
AMERICA. entered by the British troops. Though his UNITED STATES.—The New York paforce was thus crippled, however, it ap- pers, of the 16th February, contain a re, pears that he was still able to resist, and port from the Navy Board to the Secretary the other Mahratta powers, with the excep. of State, exhibiting the progress which has tion of Scindia and Holkar, who had been been made in the important work of creatdetached from the confederacy, had risen ing a navy. In the state navy yard, there to his aid, and commenced hostilities a- have been laid down the frames of ten line gainst the British power. The Rajah of of battle ships and ten frigates, and the Berar had taken up arms against the sub- report says, that “ the commissioners have sidiary force established in his dominions; no doubt of being able, if it should be the or, in other words, declared war against wish of the executive, to launch them withthe Company ; and, it is suspected, that in the period contemplated by the law." he would not have ventured on this step, One line of battle ship has been ordered to without previous concert with Scindia, be laid down at each of the yards at PortsHolkar, and the Peishwa. Little appre- mouth, New York, Washington, Boston, hension, however, is entertained of the re- Philadelphia, and Norfolk, some of which sult of this new war, though it must neces are already on the stocks. sarily be deplored, as it cannot fail to bring The New York Advertiser, of February in its train many sore evils, and occasion 17, gives the following as a correct statean expence highly prejudicial to the con ment of the number of emigrants arrived cerns of the Company, against which it is at the ports of Philadelphia and New York, waged.
from January 1, to December 31, 1817: NEW SOUTH WALES.-By the last ad
At Philadelphia. vices from this colony, we are informed From Great Britain
3553 that some of the principal inhabitants have France
63 Jately formed themselves into a banking Holland and Germany
3102 company, and have obtained for that pur. British possessions in North America 209 pose, from Governor-General Macquarrie, West Indies generally
16 a charter of incorporation, with the accus Italy and Spain
37 tomed rights, privileges, and immunities All other countries usually bestowed upon such a body. In a series of resolutions, published in the offi.
Total 6985 cial Gazette of that colony, they state that the capital must not be less than 1. 20,000,
At New York. to be raised in transferable shares of L. 50 From Great Britain
4834 each, and the general object and business France
674 of the bank to be, to establish a sterling Holland and Germany
252 currency as the circulating medium, for British Possessions in North America 1273 the use of the colony, and to advance, up
West Indies generally
467 on due interest, and the credit of the bank, Italy and Spain
64 pecuniary assistance to the colonial trader, All other countries
73 agriculturist, and settler, as likewise to afford a safe depository of money committed
Total 7637 to its charge.
WEST INDIES. A letter in the Gazette
of Nuremberg contains some account of AFRICA.
Hayti, the situation of which is represented ALGIERS.-According to accounts re- by the writer, from personal knowledge, in ceived at Marseilles, Algiers continues to a more favourable light than some of the be wasted by the ravages of the plague, foreign journals would have us believe. and by the tyrannies of the Dey, who ap- The following is the conclusion of the leto pears to have broke loose from every re ter :straint, and to banish or execute, accord “ The army consists at present of 40,000 ing to his caprice, whoever chances to fall troops, well armed and clothed, with exunder his displeasure. About 50 persons, cellent cavalry, and a good corps of artilit is said, die daily of the plague, which has lery. The country is in such a state of extended from the city into the interior of defence, that no attack could be made the country; while amid the general con with any hope of success. Even the Engsternation and wretchedness, the Dey con- lish, notwithstanding their superiority at tinues to perpetrate his accustomed atroci. sea, would not now be able to obtain firm ties, and to mock the general misery by in- footing in St Domingo. Ready money is dulging in his usual pleasures. An insur. in abundance in Hayti. The smallest coin
is in our (German) money nine good comparable to it for its excellence, is, he groschen. The very advantageous com- says, not adapted for Hayti, because the merce of the island is almost wholly in the different degree of civilization makes a difhands of the United States of America, ference in the Constitution necessary. which supply the inhabitants with all they should the Haytians,' he often says, want. American ships are constantly seen one day shew that they can take an ho in the ports.
nourable place among nations, and be then “ No Government enjoys such esteem at worthy of freedom, my successors, if they the court of Hayti as the American. It is, are wise, as I hope they will be, and act ac. according to the King's own expression, cordingly, will be sensible of the necessity the best in the world, and the only one of restoring to the people those rights which which respects the rights and independence I have attached to the throne, for the betof nations, not out of interest, but upon ter maintenance of order, peace, and con. principle. But the American Govern- cord.'” mens, though nothing is equal, or even
HOUSE OF LORDS.
Yorkshire, praying for reform in the poor
laws. Monday, March 2.-Petitions were pre March 13.–Upon the third reading of sented in favour of the bill for prohi- the Mutiny Bill, Earl GROSVENOR moved biting the employment of climbing boys as an amendment, that instead of the words from certain master chimney-sweepers in 113,000 men in the bill, 100,000 be subLondon and Westminster, and from the stituted. After a few words from Earl inhabitants of Hackney, Homerton, Kings- BATHURST, the amendment was put, and land, Clerkenwell, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, negatived without a division ; after which Alston, and Chester. - The views contem- the bill was passed. plated in these petitions were approved of March 18.–The royal assent was given and supported by several noble members. by commission to all the public and pri
March 3.-Upon the Order of the Day vate bills on the table, which had passed for the commitment of the Indemnity Bill, both houses, thirty-three in number ; the a long debate arose, in which many Noble public bills were the Habeas Corpus susLords spoke on both sides. Several a. pension indemnity bill, the mutiny bill, mendments were proposed by the Earl of the mutiny act 'mistake bill, the West Rosslyn, the Earl of Caernarvon, the Earl India indemnity bill, the offices' indemof Lauderdale, and Lord Holland, after nity bill, the marine mutiny bill, madder which the bill with its amendments was duty bill, and the Kilmainham Hospital reported; and the third reading was fixed bill
. for Thursday.
March 20.- The royal assent was given March 4.—No particular business. by commission to the bank token and se
March 5.-The Indemnity Bill was read veral other bills. The husbandry horses à third time. Lord AUCKLAND moved bill was read a second time..--Adjourned to have the bill recommitted for the pur to the 2d of April. pose of excluding the spies and informers, which was rejected without a division. The HOUSE OF COMMONS. House then divided on the third reading, Monday, March 2.-A number of pewhich was carried by a majority of 66_ titions were received from tanners, curthe numbers being 93 Contents, 27 Non- riers, and manufacturers of leather, in EnContents.
Towcester, Ellesmere, Newcas. March 6.-Lord Rosslyn presented a tle-upon-Tyne, Bridport, Edinburgh, the petition from Yorkshire, complaining of counties of Suffolk and Cornwall, Darling. the burden of the present system of poor's ton, South Shields, Bolton le Moors, Lanrates, and praying that lead mines might caster, &c. all praying for the repeal of be rated.
the additional duties on leather. All orMarch 9.—The Marquis of LANSDOWN dered to lie on the table. presented a petition from the inhabitants On the motion for the third reading of of Wakefield, in Yorkshire, in favour of the Election Laws Amendment Bill, Mr the Chimney Sweepers' Regulation Bill. ALLAN objected to its provisions, and mor
March 10 and 11.- No public businessed that it be read a third time this day six of interest.
months. This occasioned a debate, and in March 12.-Lord HOLLAND presented the conclusion the bill was thrown out. a petition from Linton, North Riding of Sir SAMUEL ROM]LLY brought in a
bill to repeal those parts of the 10th and the country, and the state of Europe. The Ilth acts of William III. concerning per- Hon. Baronet, after some observations, sons indicted and tried for stealing in dwell- concluded by moving as an amendment, ing-houses, &c. It was read a first and that the number of men voted for the ser second time.
vice of the year be 103,640. The House having resolved itself into a After some debate the House divided committee of supply, on the motion of the upon the amendment of Sir William BurCHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER ; roughs. The numbers were-Ayes 27;
Lord PALMERSTON rose to submit the Noes 51 ;-Majority 24. army estimates to the committee ; in do March 4. On the motion of Mr ing which the Noble Lord enumerated the BROUGHAM for a committee to inquire items of expence, and stated that, upon into the destruction of all papers and rethe whole, there was a diminution of ex turns connected with the property-tax, pence, compared with the last year, of the CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER L. 188,027, 19s. 3d. The whole land- stated, that, with respect to the propertyforces, he observed, might be stated at a re tax, he knew it was burdensome to the duction of L. 74,000 ; but the staff was country, though highly necessary to carry considerably increased. The total reduc us through the arduous struggle in which tion, including France, India, &c. he stat we had been engaged. In time of peace it ed would be about L. 418,000. The No. was objectionable, and he trusted unneble Lord concluded by moving the first re- cessary. This declaration was received with solution in the committee, " that 113,640 great satisfaction. be the number of men for the military ser Alderman Wood presented a petition vices of Great Britain and Ireland for the from Leeds, in Yorkshire, against a bill of present year.”
indemnity, and praying for the impeachAfter some debate, and explanation, the ment of ministers. resolution was agreed to. The other reso Sir M. RIDLEY presented two petitions, lutions were then put and carried. signed by 20 persons each, from the town
The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, against a bill of rose to move for leave to bring in a bill indemnity, and praying for reform. for calling in the Bank Tokens. In the Lord ARCHIBALD HAMILTON said, course of the debate on this motion, the that it being now understood that the reRight Hon. Gentleman observed, that it strictions on cash payments were to be conwould not be imperative on the receivers of tinued for some time further, it was desir. taxes, or on country gentlemen, to receive able that the House should know what the tokens, but the bill merely exempted progress had been made, or what the efthem from any penalty if they should con fect was of the steps which had been taken, tinue to receive them.-Leave given. towards the resuming of cash payments ;
March 3.-Sir SAMUEL ROMILLY rose for this purpose, he moved “ for a copy to present a petition from certain inhabitants of any notice issued by the Bank in 1817, of the city of Bristol, praying for Parlia- respecting the payment of their notes, the mentary reform, and signed by about amount of payment to which they became twenty individuals. The petitioners had liable in consequence of such notice, and the applied to him to present their petition to amount which they actually paid.” the House, and he thought it his duty to The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER do so, though his sentiments were not in said, the Noble Lord might have easily anison with those expressed in the petition. anticipated the objections to his motion, if There were 44 other petitions for the he recollected the discusion that took place same purpose, all from the same place, last year. Any interference, on the part of and with the same number of signatures. the House, with the proceedings of the
Lord COCHRANE presented a variety of Bank, was of all things most likely to de petitions for reform. The country was so range their measures, to render them dilamuch impressed with the necessity of re. tory, and to retard the very object proform, that before the close of the Session posed by such interference. He was confident that petitions would pour After Mr GRENFELL had spoken in fain upon them, signed by tens and hun vour of the motion, the House proceeded to dreds of thousands. He had a hundred a division, when there were for the motion petitions from Yorkshire, forty-five from 11,-against it 34. Leeds, fifty-four from Bristol, and five March 5.Leave was given to bring in from Newcastle-upon-Tyne
a bill for building a bridge across the Mr ARBUTHNOT brought up the re Thames at Ratcliffe. port of the Committee of Supply. The Mr BROUGHAM moved the renewal of first resolution was then read, that the ar- the committee, which had a ready sat two my for the present year be 113,000 men. sessions, inquiring into the education of
Sir William BURROUGHS insisted that the lower orders of the metropolis. The so large an army was inconsistent with the motion was agreed to, and committee promises of ministers, the expectations of named.
Mr DAVENPORT presented a petition, acts, in order to show, that the plain state signed by 2680 persons, in the county of of the case required the course pursued, Chester, against the duties on salt. The and that the powers granted had been expetitioners complained of the grievous ef- ercised in the most lepient and efficacious fects of these duties upon the agricultural manner. In conclusion, he remarked, that interests of the country He earnestly im- the information upon which the government plore! the Right Honourable Gentleman had acted should not, by any means, be near him (the Chancellor of the Exche- disclosed; and, therefore, they were bound quer) to give the subject his most serious by every consideration of necessity, proconsideration. The petition was ordered priety, and justice, to pass the bill now to be printed.
proposed. - Mr PHILIPS, after an introductory Mr LAMBTox opposed the bill. The Hon. speech of some length, moved for an in« Member proceeded to an examination of the quiry into the conduct of the spies and in- conduct of the Government spies; in the formers, alleged to have been employed by course of which he said, there was one fact Government, in the lately disturbed dis now come to light, respecting one of those tricts.
spies, in addition to what had formerly been This gave rise to an animated debate, detected, which called for the utmost atten. and a repetition of all the arguments so tion. The fact was stated, and indeed sub. often advanced by the Opposition in repro- stantiated in a daily paper, whose high rebation of the use of spies, as calculated to spectability, and extraordinary accuracy, sap the foundations of liberty; and by would be authority enough for him, if he Ministers in defence of them, as both justi wanted other evidence. (Hear, Hear.) fiable and necessary for the detection of But he had other authority. He was treason. The conduct of Oliver, as usual, authorized, if necessary, to produce the formed a principal feature in the discussion name of the gentleman, who would prove one side of the House contending warm all the circumstances at their bar. (Lond ly for his claim to respectability of charac cheers.) This gentleman stated, that on ter; and the opposite party, as warmly his the day of opening the Session last year, pretensions to infamy.
before the Prince Regent returned from the Mr WILBERFORCE opposed the motion, House of Peers, he met Oliver at the as loose, vague, and indetinite, although he Horse Guards, going into the Park, and felt convinced, that if the strictest investi- inveighing in such loud terms against the gation were to take place, all parties would Prince Regent, as to collect a crowd about come out of it with disgrace. He repro- him. The individual whose name he bated the late system of espionage, as con could produce, and who was ready to contrary to the best principles of moral and firm his statement on oath, remonstrated religious justice.
with Oliver in vain. The consequence was, The motion being put, was lost by 162 the outrage on the person of the Prince, against 69.
and the suspension of the Habeas Corpus. March 6. After the report of the Mu- He therefore opposed any indemnity for tiny Bill had been brought up,
proceedings so flagrantly unjustifiable. Lord ALTHORP rose to move the re He did not say so, in hopes of influencing duction in the Army Estimates; for which the House ; but would say, on his conhe had given notice. The Noble Lord science, that the House was bound in duty concluded a very able speech, by moving to the people of England to support him, an amendınent, to the effect, that in the when he moved, that this bill be read 8 preamble of the bill, 108,640 men should third time this day six months. be suüstituted for 113,640.
Mr Protheroe, Colonel Stanhope, Mr After some debate, the House divided : Marryat, and Mr Freemantle, spoke in fa-For the original question 63; against it vour of the bill; and Sir M. Ridley, Lord 42 ; majority against the motion of Lord Nugent, Mr Smith, and Mr Brand, opAlthorp 21.
posed it. Monday, March 9.-A petition was re The House then divided, when there ceived from Warwickshire against the Salt were for the motion 190; for the amendDuties.
ment 64.-Majority for the motion 126. Petitions against the additional Leather The bill was consequently read a first Duties were received from Halifax, Bed. time. fordshire, Peterborough, Alnwick, North Mr ARBUTHNOT moved for a new writ amptonshire, Montgomeryshire, the West for the borough of Yarmouth in Hampshire, of Scotland, and other places.
in the room of the Lord Advocate, AlexThe ATTORNEY-GENERAL moved the ander Maconochie, Esq. who has accepted order of the day; and afterwards moved the the stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds. first reading of the Indemnity Bill. The March 10.- Mr CalCRAFT moved for Right Honourable Gentleman proceeded, at the appointment of a committee, of 21 considerable length, to detail the facts and members, on the Salt Duties. circumstances of the plots and treasonable The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER
was aware, that the subject was of very Wm. Burroughs, and Mr Brougham, and great importance ; but it should also be were severally rejected without a division. recollected, that a large part of the re The bill was then read a third time. venue was involved in this question. On the question, that the bill do pass,
Mr Calcraf'r said, he never could Mr BROUGHAM rose to express his opihave proposed to affect so large a propor- nion finally on the bill, but did not intend tion of the revenue, as a million and a halt, to detain the House. He merely wished which the duties on salt produced, without to state, that his friends who had opposed the idea of finding some substitute. In the bill upon principle, had not had their the present circumstances of the country, objections to it removed one tittle, by any it was quite necessary that some substitute thing that had been done upon it, and to should be found, before so much of the re enter his protest once for all against the venue could be withdrawn.
The committee was then appointed, and MI TIERNEY would only say, that, in several reports and papers ordered to be every point of view, he believed the bill to referred to them.
be one of the most detestable measures ever The ATTORNEY-GENERAL moved the introduced to Parliament. second reading of the Indemnity Bill ; After a few observations from Mr W. which, after some debate, was read, and Wynne, in favour of the measure, and ordered to be committed on Wednesday. Mr P. Moore against it, the gallery was
The Bank Token Bill was read a third cleared, but the bill was passed without a time, and passed.
division. March 11.--About half-past six o'clock Monday, March 16.-The estimates for the ATTORNEY-GENERAL moved the or- the naval service were referred to the comder of the day, for the House going into a mittee. When the Speaker left the chair, committee on the Indemnity Bill, which Sir GEORGE WARREN DER observed, produced a debate of considerable length, that, by the arrangements adopted for in the conclusion of which, the motion was some years past, the expenditure for the carried. The numbers were :-For the naval services had been brought before the motion 238_Against it 65. Majority House in so distinct and clear a light, that 173.
it was not necessary for him to trespass The House then went into a committee upon their time. He must refer again to on the bill.
the reports of the committee on revenue March 12.-Lord ALTHORP rose to and expenditure, and should move the sum make his promised motion respecting the of L. 2,480,000 odd for the service of the Leather Tax The Noble Lord then en- navy. tered very impartially into numerous items Sir M. W. RIDLEY moved the reduc. of comparative prosperity and depression tion of L. 2000 from the sum proposed, in the trade, and in the revenue, arising being the sum allowed to the two junior from the tax. To meet the loss of this Lords of the Admiralty. The committee tax, he suggested, not a tax in lieu of it, divided on the amendment: Majority ato be adopted, but a diminution of ex- gainst it 27. pence by the Government. He concluded, The Chancellor of the EXCHEQUER by moving, that leave be given to bring in moved the order of the day for taking into a bill to repcal the additional duty upon consideration that part of the Prince Releather.
gent's speech which related to the building The CHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER of new churches and chapels. said, if the Noble Lord had proposed that The part of the speech being read from a committee should be appointed to in the chair, on which the order of the day quire into the subject, he (the Chancellor of was founded, the House resolved itself into the Exchequer) would not have offered a committee. any opposition ; but if, without inquiry, The CHANCELLOR of the ExchEQUER this tax should be repealed, the House rose and addressed the House on the subwould be placed in a painful situation, be- ject, in a speech replete with information, tween bankruptcy and disgrace on the one and formed on very correct and enlightenhand, and the property-tax on the other. ed views of the case. Some conversation He had too much confidence in the honour afterwards ensued ; and the House resumof the House to fear such an issue. ed, and the report was ordered to be
Several Members spoke, when the House brought up to-morrow. divided-For Lord Althorp's motion 94; March 17.--Mr BROUGHAM brought for the amendment 84 ;-majority 10. The up the report of the committee upon the motion for leave to bring in a bill to repeal education of the poor, and moved for leave the late tax was accordingly carried. to bring in a bill for appointing commis.
March 13. The Indemnity Bill was sioners to inquire into the abuses in charead a third time; a considerable debate, rities connected with education. Leave was and several amendments, followed. The given. latter were moved by Sir J. Newport, Sir The CHANCELLOR of the ExcXEQTER VOL. II.