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The book was handed to the prelate, who indulged against the property or lives of bis countrymen, was of a book worm, a grub too insignificant for notice, bimscif in a hearty laugh at the ignorance and su- the cause of his imprisonment. As this age was which may be killed by merely a squeeze of the perstition of the family who bad possession of 11. very remarkable for mildness in theological mat. fure-finger and thumb, writing a bistory of its adAll bois arguments could not convioce them, that the ters, I could not have believed this report, but that ventures, is too absurd (in the present enlightened much-dreaded book had not been concerned, soun. - shortly after he was led out to execution! And il age) 10 deserve a moment's attentiou. how or other, in the firing of their chimney. Their really bad as my opinion is of the 'lords of the Your fellow.creatures, Mr. Editor, are so puffed fears were not so easily to be allayed; they abso creation') puzzles me to conceive, that i bey were so up with pride and vaio conceit, ibat if I were 10 Intely refused to keep unintelligible Horace; very cruel as to condemo a mau to death upon such hint the possibility of a grub's beiog possessed of and the prelate was forced to accept of it, as a luken pretences. Whatever bis crime was, it is not for me reasoning faculties, and powers of speech; if I were of their respect.

tu say; but I will veulure to assert, that he was a 10 assert that it can either read or wrile; the speer Sonne cynical reader is here endeavouring to con much better man than his enemies. Poor Hooper! of contempt would soon bewrinkle, or the atare of vince himself that he is hoaxed; and that, bad I would that thou hadst been born, not a man, but a surprise would distort, the countenances of my read. really seen these times and personages, I should bookworm! thou wouldest then have risen to honors ers. I shall therefore continue my history, without have been more particular in my description of and prosperity; for with us, virtuve is the only, and attempting the gigantic labour of converting the

No doubt he thinks it very strange, that the sufficient introduction to power, greatness, and obstinate, or of convincing the igvorant; and, as I mention a bishop, without saying one word about esteem! Hooper whilst in prison did not give way bave stated my sentiments thus freely, and shall (if his carriage or equipage. Carriage, forsooth, cour. 10 melanchuly; he often amused himself with read. perunitted) continue to do so, I make little doubt tears reader! To those days (tbe glorious days ing; and one day suddenly opening Horace's works, that the next bookworm or other insect that my of goud Queen Bess” I ain speaking of) the bisbups he caugbt me dining off tbe 220 Ode, 1st bouk, readers may catcb, will, if found by one of the vul. were not whiled about in carriages and four. Her which was a favourite piece with him. He did not gar, be trodded to death; if by one of the literati, Majesty was used to go in state to the House of io a passion put an end to my existence; but ad- as you term self conceited fops, as if in reveuge, be Commons (I should rather say that she went for mired for some time the beauty of my person; and impaled, and leftto starve with a pin run through slute to the Huuse of Commons, as about its deci. then, gently removing me, laid me in an old and use. bis body, to adoro a collection of mangled insects! sivos she cared not a pin; she had them completely less work, upun which I might feed to my heart's "Such havoc dost thou make, foul monster, man!" uoder her tbuanb;) seated on a pag behind her content.

Whatever the consequences may be, I shall coutinue chainberlain, whom, for the sake of security, she Some time after the much-lamented death (by me to write just as I thiuk; and it strikes me at the might clip rou od the waisl: and as for peers and at least) of this worthy character, I crawled into an present moment, that after all their boasted knowpretates, ibry must either ride on horseback, or “go old edition of Virgil, where I lay snugly concealed ledge, the lords of the creation are sadly ignorant strumping throrigb the mud "

for a length of time; but wothing of importance as to the habits and the nature of There are, I fear, a set of men and women now. occurred to ae. How I was transported to Oxford

A BOOKWORM. a-vays who are continually ranting and canting I need not inform you; I have ever regretted that From my apartments in a rolume of Sermons, abuvi the "good old times." Now, Sir, should any before I got tbere, the feuds between the Greeks and

Gallery of the Lyceum Library. of your readers, or of your readers' friends, be Trojaus, bet ween the Greek studevis and those who troubled with this disorder, I will uudertake to pre judge the knowledge of the Greek tongue (the sure

PS. I was grievously offended at your suffering scribe for them. Ita female be affected, let her be sign of a heretic) were unfortunately over; so that my last to remain uupublished a whole week! placed on a footing with her grandmother's grand. I did not enjoy the pleasure of seeing the lords of Repent. mulber. Let her food be water pottage and butter. the creation cudgeling each other, black and blue; mik for breakfast: as for tea and coffee, let them a sight which would have been fully as gratifying to wver again be mentioned to her. For dinner, give a book worin, as the fighting of cocks and dogs, or

Antiquities. i slice of bacon; nu sauces; no French cooking; the killing of a hare, is to the vulgar; or the impaliog Du mauling of wholesome food to suit a vitiated ap- of my cousin-german the spider, or of the beetle,

EGYPTIAN MUMMIES. purile. Should not ons be sufficien', let her dress is to the learned of your race. be refurined a little. There was formerly a pice During the reign of James the First, I was not or female vanity callid, I think, a stomacher, which much disturbed; but that of his son Charles was

It will perhaps not be uninteresting to inform our may be made rise of with great success, to conceal more buistervus. You have perba pn beard of the readers, that they have at present an opportunity of those charins which are not exactly concentrated in Sortes Virgilianæ. During the troubles which bap-viewing one of the oldest and most perfect mummies in the face; the ankles, too, may be concealed by a peoed about this time between the King and the the kingdom, which has been examined by some of the Hide alteration in the length of the gown. [Mhe Parliament (the Cavaliers and the Roundheads) the first connoisseurs in Paris and London, who, from the ladies furmerly showed their faces only, as samples of King coming to Oxford, had a miod to explore bis hieroglipbics on the outer case, bave pronounced it to their beauty.) if in one week after ihe use of these fate, by the means of these famous Sortes. I now mendicaments the invalid do not show great signs found that my situation was rather perilous. The be the body of the Princess of Memphis, who lived in of convalescence, her ease is bopeloss; her virtue buuk was taken down froin its shelf, wiped c'eap, the reign of Sèsostris, King of Egypt, A. M. 2523 ; and her modesty are equal to those of ber ancestors; and with a dreadful bang, to drive ihe dust from 1491 years before Christ; being upwards of three thouBod I must give ber mp in despair.

between the leaves, several of my companions were sand years old. This mummy was amongst the first As to the male grumblers, I scarcely know what killed: my good luck, however, still preserved me. that was brought to Europe: it formerly composed a part to say about them. I had some thoughts of recom With an aching heart and trembling limbs (ilo not mending a well starched beard, of about half a ya:d be surprised to hear that so contemptible an animal Cardinal Mazarine, minist«r to Louis XIV.; at wbose

of the magnificent museum belonging to the celebrated in length, and a ruffle for the neck, as much in bas buih heart and limbs) I awaited the event. I diameter, To one of those characters, however, secured for myself a nest in the binding, in which i death the museum being left to a distant relation, it was who live in the constant practice of so far denying could at once be out of danger and could yet see all by him sold to Monsieur CourcIUS, the uncle of the themselves as to be screwed up in a pair of stays; or that passed. The attendants of the King looked as present proprietor Madanie Tussaud, and

well known as who restrain the idle glances of a lascivious eye, by grave, and appeared to feel as mnch anxiety as to being one of the first modelers of his day. When it firmly fixing the head in one unalterable position; the result, as they afterwarıls did upon what you first arrived in London, it was examined by several of such punishments would be made but light of. I will perhaps think more serious occasions. The There was formerly a custom of repeating a prayer monarch advanced, and laid a trembling hand upon powered to purchase it for that institution, for which

the committee of the British Museum, who were emnight and morning, as well as before and after meals, the bouk, which for some time he besitated to which seems to be now nearly obsolete. I should His face was wriv kled by care; but the traces of a purpose they offered the sum of eight hundred pounds; think abis good old custom might be enforced with mild, and, potwithstanding existing prejudices, 1 but the proprietor knowing that it was the only perfect every prospect of success;-bot ! am rambling will add, an amiable disposition were visible; and mummy that ever traveled in England, declined partfrom my story. The experience of old age is but he seemed to have po manner of doubt as to the veing with it; since which, it has been examined by the too generally accompanied by its much hated garru racity of the information he should obtain. After gentlemen of Cambridge, who universally allowed it lity; a malady by no means peculiar to bookworms much h-sitatioo he opereil the work and read aloud io be superior to any hey bad in their museums,

It was not very probable that a character so vir. the passage that first caught his eye. The exact quons, so very different from the mass of his fellow- sentence I have forgotten; but the paleness of the

As the Egyptiaa mode of enibalming their illustrious was Hooper, should long be suffered to monarch's countenance; the quivering of his lips ; dead may not be generally known to our numerous remain in quiet. In a very short time after I got the glances which his courtiers interchanged, assured readers, we trust the following will not be unintereste into his possession he found himself in a dungeon, ine that be had found but too' faithful ao omeu of ing. When a person died, the body was carried to the whither | accompanied him, which, as I learnt, was his future miseries!

artificers, whose trade it was to make coffus. They very extraordinary, as it was not allowed to prisoners I must once more be permitted to interrupt the cook the measure of the body, and made a coffin for it, always to have books. What his crime was I was bread of my parrative, lo remark, that I have no never able to learn; I did indeed hear it said, that woulot some one or other, if not one and all, of your and the price the people were willing to pay. The

proportionate to its stature, the dead person's qualitya his refusing to pray in a wbite garment; to wear readers will protest against my proceeding any furthe habilimeutsor a bishop; and n01 aliy crime i ther. They will perlaps affirin, that the very idea upper part of the colon represented the person who. was to be shut up in it, whether man or woman. If a / tries, in which they were encouraged by their husbands. | under the command of Colonell Sir John Seaton, tbal person of condition, this was distinguished by the These women, in their expostulation upon his rebuke, tell noble and religious Knight, espe ially of his taking in figure which was represented on the corner of the him, “ Did we make her cakes to worship her ?” Jer. Upon Munday, the tenth of February, 1643, (should coffin. There were generally added, paintings and xliv. 18, vii. 18. Small loaves of bread, peculiar in be 1642-3) Sir John Seaton, Major-Generall of the embellishments, suitable to the quality of the person. their form, being long and sharp at both ends, are called Parliaments forces OR,

in Lancashire, marched from MaoWhen the body was brought home again, they agreed Buns; and we now only retain the name and form of nell Holland, Captain Booth, Serjeant-Major Birch, with the embalmers at what rate they would bave it the Buns; the sacred uses are no more. The Cross and with them three foot companies, and as many embalmed; for the prices were different. The highest Buns, and Saffron Cakes in Passion Week, being for from Boulton: all these came to Blackburn upon the was a talent of silver, estimated at £258 65, 8d. or, as merly. unleavened, had a retrospect to the unleavened Tuesday night following, and thence they marched others say, about £300: ewenty minae was a mode- bread of the Jews, in the same manner as Lamb at along, and with them four or five companies of Black.

burn Hundred, under the command of Nowel, of rate one: and the lowest price was a very small sum. Easter, to the Pascal Lamb. It was, and still is, the Mearkley, and some other Captains, who all thoi They immediately sent for a designer, who marked the popular belief in many parts of England, that if the march:d towards Preston, together with neer abou: body, on the left side, together with the length of the sun shine on Easter-day it shines on Whitsunday also iwo thousand club-men. Their march that night wa incision, as it lay extended at the place where it should A singular custom formerly prevailed among the vulgar' ed the day and night before; but yet

, co accommodate be opened. A dissector, with a very sharp Ethiopian of rising early on Easter-day, and walking into the fields them therein, the Lord gave them'a fair night to travell scone, having made che incision, burried away as fast as to see the sun dance, which, as ancient tradition asserts, in, such as had not been in many before ; tbs tbey he could, because the relations of the person deceased it always does on that day. This is alluded to in an old justly took for a mercy of God unto them. So thu

being now come to Preston that Wednesday nigte, took up stones and pursued him, with an intention to ballad, of 1667:

the next morning they prepared, most courageoesy, stone him, as a wicked wretch. The embalmers,

“ She dances such a way!

and set upon the towne, which was well fortified with who were looked upon as sacred persons, now entered

No Sun upon an Easter-day

brick walls, both outer and inner. Our men (belegt

cially the three companies from Manchester) asucked to perform their office: they drew all the brains of

Is half so fine a sight."

the town with admirable resolution. Captain Barth the dead person through the nostrils, with a booked

was the first man who bravely scaled the walk; and piece of iron, provided particularly for this purpose,

being up, · Bad his men either follow him or gize his and filled the skull with astringent drugs; they like

up;' which words put such spirit into his soaldicts

,

that they, forgetting any care of their lives and safety, wise drew all the bowels, except the heart and kidneys,

followed him close, and much brave strife there wa through the aperture made in the side; the intestines

twixt Captain Bootbs and Colonell Hollands comp were wasbed in wine made from the palm tree, and in

nies, which of them should first have entrance : but other strong and binding drugs. The whole body was

Captain Booth, as I said, got the precedence tberei.

The garrison fought it stoutly, and kept their inter annointed with oil of cedar, after having been filled

workes with push of pike ; and the breach, also, they with myrrh, cinnamon, and other spices, for about

bravely defended with their swords for awhile. The thirty days, so that it was preserved entire, not only

Major-Generall, Sir Job Seaton, bebaved himseli

mosc bravely at the end of the Church-street, where without putrefaction, but a good scent with it. After

an entry was also made, and our men beat them nos this, the body was put into salt for forty days: where

resolutely from their centries, and from the steeple. fore, when Moses says that forty days were employed

“ Thus they continued fighting for the space of very in embalming Jacob, we are to understand him as

NOTES

neer two hours, and by that time our men, with invis

cible courage, became masters of the town, There meaning the forty days of his continuing in salt of nitre, TO THE “ BRIEF JOURNAL OF THE SIEGE were divers slain on their side in the assault ; and il without including the thirty days past in performing

OF LATHOM HOUSE,"

men must have been singled out (of set purpose) for the other ceremonies above mentioned ; so that, in the Which appeared in three Numbers of our present could scarcely have picked out fitter men (if they

the slaughter, yea, the Manchesterians tbemselves wbole, they mourned seventy days in Egypt, as Moses Volume ; see pages 145, 153, and 169.

would any) for the sword, than those which were slaite likewise observes. Afterwards the body was taken

in the fight; namely, the Major (Mayor) of Prestca, out of the salt, washed, wrapped in linen swaddling

by name Mr. Adam Morte (a man resolute eren 13

[Continued from pages 341 and 347 of our present volume.] bands, dipped in myrrh, and rubbed with certain gums,

desperatenesse in the cause he stood for, wb bad

oftentimes been heard to say, and swear too, be would which the Egyptians used instead of glue. Then, the body was restored to the relations, who put it in a (7.) I must beg the reader to go back to the para- his own house,) who fighting most desperately

, and

fire the towne ere he would give it up, and begin with coffin, and kept it in their house, or in a tomb made graph wherein his Lordship: unhappily called to having killed one of the Colonels men in the begit

crush the thriving sedition in Cheshire, withdrew his with push of pike, instantly after lost his own life ise particularly for the purpose.

horse into that county.". I should have left Halsall it, cogether with his son also, a bold and desperate The mummy above mentioned has been exposed to to speak for himself on this subject, bad I not observed, young malignant. Sir Gilbert Houghtons brother, the air for nearly fifty years, during which it has re- in Mr. Ormerod's Cheshire, chat “Lord Derby, after Captain of their borse, and a desperate papist, was also ceived very little injury. The wood of which the coffin a doubtful conflict with the Parliament Commissioners, slaine. Serjeant Major Purvey (lately come one of is made, is cedar, which resists time better than any &c.” into Cheshire. Now, on the 16th Dec. 1642, the massacre) a wicked wretch and desperate papist other; and is now as perfect as possible, considering array and the Roundheads had a battle

upon Hough- Doctor Westley, a physitian

and desperate papisi, torta the immense time it has been made.

ton Common, which lasted upwards of three hours. ther with two or three Lieutenants, and some othen In the midst of this, the magazine of the Presbyterians of quality were likewise slain. Very many were to blowing up, they sounded a parley, and surrendered tally

wounded; Sir Gilbert Houghton, himself, escaped their arms and liberties; three Captains and one hun: by flight to Wigham, (Wigan?) Captain Farrispiga dred and sixty soldiers being taken. " The first

and and Captain Preston' were taken prisoners, and med

foulest blow God gave us in this kind in the country, Mr. Anderton, of Clayton, (their great Popish cours The Good Friday bun is derived from the sacred cakes The Manchester people, immediately upon this, fall to George Talbot, (Sir John Talbots son) Mr. Richard

an humbling blow and lasting warning.”—(See Angier:) mander) was also taken prisoner, together with Me which were offered at the Arkite Temple, stiled boun, their usual fasts, and being assoilzied, march forth; Fleetwood, M?. Blundell, Mr. Abbot, Mr. Mansies

, and is constantly marked with the form of the cross upon which Lord Derby leaves a projected attack upon two Thomas Haughtons, Captain Haughton (Sir Guo The offerings, which people in ancient times used to Cholmondley, and with him proceeds to Cheshire, to John Hilton, and above two hundred others of metai

Bolton; and hastening
to Warrington, there joins Lord berts nephew) all menor quality, Ralph Shorrock

, present to the Gods, were generally purchased at the surprise the militia under the command of Mr. Main condition; but Mr.

Townley, of Townley, very hardik entrance of the temple; especially every species of con- waring, of Kermincham. The design was frustrated. escaped by fight. secrated bread, which was denominated accordingly. Well skilled in the art of war, and had been sent down Mrs. Towoley,

wives to the prime malignants of

“The Lady Haughton, the Lady Girlington, and One species of sacred bread was called Boun, from the from London to reside in Manchester, and direct the county, were also taken as prizes."-Vicars' Jekarela Greek. This, according to Hesychius, was a kind of cake efforts of a rude but zealous yeomanry. His first Jireh, p. 269. with a representation of two horns, and was made of fine measure on the offensive was the attack upon Preston, four and honey. It is very singular to remark, that most (Jehovah Jireh.) The club-men here mentioned, are which I proceed to describe in the words of Vicars, * This style of writing can only be excused by remember?

the times, and the author, vicars, whose sources of inspirava of the vulgar customs and ceremonies, which now prevail the undisciplined peasantry, and not of that description are given in Hudibras. in many parts of England and elsewhere, were bor- of neutral associators who some years afterwards made rowed from the ancients. The Prophet Jeremiah notices their appearance in Wiltshire.

“ About the 10th of February also, came most cer. this kind of offering, when he is speaking of the Jewish cain information by letters out of Lancashire, of the vation, inscribed L E G. XX. was found lately near is

A Roman padlock made of iron, in excellent preset women at Patheos, in Egypt, and of their base idola-happy successe of the Parliaments forces in those parts, site of the Roman

altar, at Boughton, near Chiester.

ORIGIN OF GOOD FRIDAY CROSS BUXS.

Natural History.

him, he fears not to pronounce it most alluring. Of evil. The candles have, I verily believe, occupied,

the heavens and the sea, though we ought to wonder in turn, every corner of the apartment, but they are Natural Curiosity.—The Lady Balcarras East India- that we know so much, we are sure to lament that we inveterate-they still run. So that calmly resiguing man, lately arrived from Madras, has brought home know no more; whilst mineralogy and botany present themselves to fate, my old ladies were obliged to a serpent alive, twenty-eight feet in length, and fourteen little inviting to the learner, and appear a mere muster- bateful exuberance as quickly as it appeared. This

contented tbemselves with sedulously scraping off the inches in diameter. It may be approached with perfect roll of names. safety, and is said not to be venomous. Its food is a

But the study I am now recommending teenis with had a notable housewife to tea, who ou hearing of

was their only resource, until last night when they live fowl once a month!

delight. The ornithologist listens with greater satis- the unfortunate propensity, promised an immediate Singular Fact.-As James Johnson, peatman, was faction to the notes of the feathered choir, than he remedy. This promise lighted up the hard fealately leveling moss on the estate of Sir Robert Grier who is unacquainted with these denizens of air; and Fures of the old ladies into a long forgotten smile, sən, of Rockall, about three miles from Dumfries, he his pleasures are easily procured, since he can scarcely and excited some interest in me as an expeperiment turned up the body of a pretty large adder, which he had fairly decapitated before he was aware. This cir- take a ramble that will not afford him amusement. if Well, the candles were produced, and as usual they cumstance exciting a suspicion that there were more be stroll along the beach, the pumerous tribes of sea

ran, when Mrs. Notable, with unexampled cruelty, adders near the same spot, he dug a little deeper, when, birds arrest his notice; the guil is plying her unwearied the very body of the pale iunocent. Whatever was

seizing a pin, in Bicted a dreadful wound through at about eight inches below the surface, he lighted upon wing, the lapwing circles around his head, and the wild- the cause, the effect certainly was that the candle a shole encampment of those noxious animals. "In particular, he took out no fewer than 40 adders, which duck buffets against the wave. Should he prefer the ceased to run until it had burnt down to the wound, he placed in a box, and exhibited as a natural curiosity. lone and shady lane, there the hedge-sparrow and yellow when it was repeated about an inch lower. I shall Nineteen of these appeared to be full grown, and mea- hammer precede his patb, the timid white-throat endea. be happy to have an explanation of this phenome. they had all died excepting two, although these were suf- vours to evade his sight, and the goldfinch salutes him non, as I must call it, from any of your readers,

and beg leave to remain, ficiently vivacious, and placed themselves in an attitude with ber song; or does he range the park or forest,

Yours truly, of defence the moment they were molested. But what there his attention is occupied in observing the rook

SIMON SENSITIVE. 3 still more surprising, in the same hole there were formd 10 toads, and an amazing number of small brown and the heron constructing their pests on trees that lizards, of the species well known in Scotland by the have sheltered their race for years. name of the Ask. This last is quite a novel fact, al- Nor is ornithology less suited to the closet, or want.

TO THE EDITOR. though its authenticity can be established beyond the ing in valuable authors. It was this study which the possibility of doubt. In this country it is no uncommon thing to dig up adders, even of a larger size than any learned and pious Willoughby enriched with a work SIR, -The extract given in your last Kalcidoscope of those nientioned above; but we never heard of such that has rendered the path comparatively smooth to from Valerius, respecting the barbarities of the gladia number being found in one hole, and in such strange his numerous followers, of whom Pennant has been atorial arenæ, reminds me of a passage in Forsyth's company. The adder, the toad, and the, ask, are all the most successful among our countrymen, and the Italy, a transcription of which accompanies this note. posed to a low temperature: but their habits in other illustrious Buffon among those who have appeared in I beg leave just to remark on Forsyth's attempt to conrespects are widely different; and how they happened other lands. I remain, Mr. Editor,

trovert the principle, that the truly brave are never to gather themselves to the same spot, and outsleep the

Yours, &c. cruel. In the early and bravest ages of Roman history, winter, apparently in such good fellowship, is a point

we did not hear of the bloody combats of the amphi

PYRUS. which we leave to be solved by the proficients in natural history. It has been remarked by some of these

theatre, which only sprung up in the days of degene.. learned men, that so long as reptiles of this kind are

racy, when tyranny and luxury, combining their baneconfined to a degree of heat inferior to 40 degrecs, they

MY DEAR KALEIDOSCOPE,

ful energies, equally enervated the body and the mind; will remain dormant and healthy, for an unlimited time. Spalanzani kept frogs, lizards, and snakes in

I have a leigh opinion of your talents, and an un making the effeminate Roman look with a species of this state, in an ice house, three years and a half, and feigned admiration of the wonderful' extent and fearful delight on scenes of blood which would have they readily revived when restored to a warm atmos diversity of your editorial jurisdiction, seeing that been fearlessly participated in by his more bardy anphere . This wonderful peculiarity may help to explain it extends from the preservation of sinking mariners cestor.

&. the anomaly of living toads being so often found alive in the heart of solid rocks, and of trees which had re

(page 150) down to the preservation of antiqualed ained them in their cavities, till every vestige of a eggs; and from the founce of a robe, or the position “ Every nation has undergone its revolution of vices; revice had grown up around them.-Dumfries Courier. of a feather, up to the predictiou of an eclipse, (73) and, as cruelty is not the present vice of ours, we can or the announcement of a comet.

all humanelyexecratethe purposeof amphitheatres, now Finding your attention directed to such a number that they lie in ruins. Moralists may tell us, that the

truly bráve are never cruel; but this monument says, of objects, I am tempted to think, that my petty « No!" Here sat the conquerors of the world, cooly Correspondence.

miseries may not be totally beneath your notice; to enjoy the tortures and death of men who had never

inore particularly so as you have admitted the offended them. Two aqueducts were scarcely sufficient THE YOUNG OBSERVER.

complaints of bashful lovers (73) and dwarf gal- to wash off the human blood which a few hours' sport lanis (143.) You must know, my dear Kali, that shed in these imperial shanibles. Twice in one day I am unfortunately domiciliated with two elderly came the senators and matrons of Rome to the bui

ladies, whose charms having been most unaccount chery: a virgin always gave the signal for slaughter; TO THE EDITOR.

ably overlooked by our sex, their uodivided attention and when glutted with bloodshed, those ladies sat down,

cau be (and to my sorrow is) directed to the minutise in the wet and steaning arena, to a luxurious supper." Sır, -Among the many and various recreations pe- of what is called good housewifery. To instance ullar to the country, the study of Natural History some of my manifold grievances : however cold the

TO THE EDITOR. leservedly holds the highest rank. Men, immersed day and however bad the fire, I dare not stir it under a the pleasures or business of a town, little know the the penalty of being tormented by the infernal music produced by sweeping up the hearth, as the least

SIR,--It may concern your fair readers to be acLelights tbat nature affords; they may read or dis particle of cinder is not permitted to appear out of quainted with the following remarkable note, taken from course of her charnas, and on some Sunday afternoon due bounds, even for a moment. Again, if after a manuscript in the Harleian Library, which appeared nay take a cursory view of them, but how inferior dinner the least drop of wine escape from the in British Magazine for May, 1819; and if you deem it ire their sensations to those felt by her votory, to glass to the table, I am to be annoyed by at least worth insertion it is at your service.

k. whom every object is interesting, for whom she dresses iwenty minutes bard rubbing. But the most fre.

Liverpool, May 10, 1821. herself in a thousand forms, and is pleasing in all ! quent source of altercation is the candles; in the No study can be more engaging or more instructive first place, they must be posited according to some law unknown to me, but fixed as those of the Medes

“ By the civil law, whatsoever is given ex sponsatalia ban this; the mind, however, feeling its inability to and Persians, although it would most frequently be largitate betwixt them that are promised in marriage, ittain all the knowledge at which it aims, most com- more convenient to have them together. Again, hath a condition (for the most part silent) that it may monly selects some one particular branch of it, which my poor candles are eterually blamed and tortured be had again, if marriage ensues not. But if the man seems more easy and inviting than the rest, and to that for an inveterate propensity they have to shed the should have had a kiss for his money, he should lose adheres uptil its desires are satisfied.

tallow from their summits ju fanciful wreaths, formIt was thus ornithology became the favourite amuse- ing an elegant opposite to the Dutings of an Ionic one half of that which he gave. Yet with the woman it column. This appears to me a very tasteful orna

is otherwise : for, kissing or not kissing, whatsoever she , wment of the writer, who is about to devote the re- ment, although the “ source of woes innumerable" | gave she may ask and have it again; however, this ex

mainder of his paper to its recommendation and praise. to my venerable Tabithas, who have really amused | tends only to gloves, rings, bracelets, and such like And though, perhaps, partiality may somewhat sway I me by the variety of their expedients to reinedy this smallwares."

NO. VI.

PARENTAL DUTIES.

oblige by assigning this paper a corner in your next As the subject is not very amusing, we shall only take Kaleidoscope.

one sentence of his letter indiscriminately, which is

as follows:_“You mention, that the anecdote of Cor. TO THE EDITOR. The subj ct will doubtless be a sufficient apology for

poration Oratory was again (1) put in at the request the intrusion.

Yours, &c.

of the Toxteth Park Corporation. Whether you state SIR -Ought not a parent to bestow the same indul

P. Z this ironically or not is indifferent; but surely the gence, the same encouragement, and the same correc

tase of your readers ought to be gratified before your tion on one child as on another? Your answer, I

own or any (2) corporate body."

ELOCUTION. think, will be in the affirmative. Every reflecting

(1) A critic ought to quote correctly: we did not say man will acknowledge how necessary it is to maintain

MR. PUTNAM'S READINGS AND RECITATIONS, that the anecdote about Corporation Oratory was put a strict impartiality of conduct towards children of At Mr. Paris's Rooms, Hardman-street.

in ; our phrase was " recorded." one family; and yet there are those, who, forgetful, or

(2) In the last sentence which we have quoted, there is

The ability to read well we conceive to be one of the a grammatical slip for which a critic can make no exotherwise regardless of the duty imposed upon them most agreeable and useful accomplishments of either cuse. Instead of “ your own or any other corporate as parents, suffer their affections to be biased in such sex. Many of the acquirements of young persons in body,” the sentence should have been “Your own, o a manner as is altogether incompatible with nature. polite life may be of a more dazzling kind; and we that of any corporate body"-" cum multis aliis."

The mode in which Candidus notices our spelling It is with no trifling regret that I say, several in hope we can fully estimate the beauties of a good paint

ing, and the witchery of good music; but there are the word traveler, which be attributes to carelessness stances of this unwarrantable conduct have come seasons when the former cannot be gazed upon, and or something worse, shows that he has paid no attenwithin my observation. I bave seen men, or to speak when the latter cannot with propriety be enjoyed. Not tion to the discussion which has been going on upon more truly, I ought rather to say, beings aspiring to

so the charms of reading and conversation : under what. that very subject ; and we shall for the present tace

ever circumstances leisure may afford the opportunity, leave of CANDIDUS, calling his attention to the the title of men, and professing to bave good sense, in these are available to the employment of the mind, and following note to another correspondent, after adding, the presence of their own children, enter into the the pleasure of the heart. Whether in the moments of that if we have done injustice to his motives, or giren most extravagant comparisons of their persons and hilarity, or of sober inquiry; in the cheerfulness of the him any unnecessary uneasiness, we crave his paidos. properties. One has been smiled upon, dandled on hours of triumphant joy, or of deep and mournful sad: ORTHOGRAPHICAL INNOVATIONs. Our Correspeto

merry evening, or the seriousness of the sabbath ; in the the knee with the greatest fondness, and called a pet ness; the well-chosen and well-read pages of the satirist dent Benvolio does not do us justice in supposing and a dear, held up to company as a paragon of beauty, or the philosopher; the dramatist or the moralist ; the

that we have made our minds up about spelling with and as a consummate pattern of all sublunary excel poet or the evangelist, will elevate the mind, and respec

the single l such words as travelet, &c. to the exdusios lence; whilst another, less fortunate, bas bad to en- sentimental, the giddy, or the afflicted. tively excite, moderate, or console the feelings of the

of any remonstrance or reasoning on the subject. 0a

the contrary, we have before informed him, that we counter the discouraging frown, the karsh va qualified The stage is generally, and indeed very properly, never relished the innovation ; neither are we yet telanguage of disgust, and has been ordered to retreat considered the school of correct pronunciation, and the

conciled to its appearance. We must say, however, from the presence of its natural guardian, without theatre is not always open, and it may be, that only the best standard of elocutory perfection; but the regular

that spelling ought not to be matter of feeling: and any other reason being assigned than that of dislike! principal performers are quite correct in the sound and

we are forced to confess that the reasoning in defence

of the singlel, is much more cogent than that advanced And why this dislike? Because, in the opinion of the sense, the accent and the emphasis, of the author.

in favour of retaining the two liquids. The letter its loving parent, it was not so emineatly gifted with We know, too, that there are thousands of families

of BENVOLIO shall appear, together with that of an personal qualifications, with benignity of disposition, ing dramatic representations on these accounts we whom taste or religious opinions, prevent from attend.

opponent, A, B, C. The reason we decline giving

them this week, is that we wish to diversify our cu or sprightliness of intellect. Most noble, most em-conceive the readings and recitations of Mr. Putnam

lumns as much as possible; and not to introduce too phatic reasons! How becoming the province of a to be particularly worthy of notice. Numbers of the

many subjects of a grave nature into the same public best educated persons have some faults of dialect, parent !

cation. The letters on Orthography may be useful; arising either from provincialism or unchecked error Characters like these ought ever to remember, that in tuition. It is one of Mr. Putnam's objects to correct

but they happen not to be very entertaining. they were the voluntary propagators of all those imper- these by private instruction, and he cannot better prove ORMSKIRK ANECDOTES.-An Ormskirk Corresponfections of which they complain ; and, therefore, ought his qualification for the task, and for the formation of

dent's communication is of too local a nature to ib. rather to commiserate, than indulge in reproach. For an elegant style in his pupils, than by public readings and recitations in which the pleasing results of his at

terest.our readers in general; and his object as regard. my own part I conceive anything but good consequences tention to these points are fully and perfectly developed.

his immediate neighbours, may perhaps be answered to be the result of such conduct. By caressing one We have said thus much on the utility of Mr. Put

by our statement that it relates to a young Dancy

Æsculapius converted to a Foctman in livery; a mes. and neglecting the other, we may expect the neglected nams labour's; but we must not leave unnoticed nor un. commended the amusement to be derived from his read.

morphose of which our Correspondent highly approve, to become jealous and revengetul: instead of brotherly ings. His selections are such as to form a sumptuous

as the latter calling is better adapted than the former, love, we may expect envy and malignity; and in the least of reason.” In his dissertations on men and man

for the capacity of the party. We hope the object of

REPROVER will be accomplished by this hint, al. place of filial attachment, we must look for hatred ners, he instructs, reprehends, and eulogizes, with effecand revole, with a train of other diabolical feelings narratives, and

poetical effusions of wit and genius, he tual gravity ; in his advice to ladies, in his humorous

though we are ourselves of course ignorant of the

allusion and its application. equally baneful in their effects. Whilst, on the other stirs up the laughter of his auditors in despite of all reband, the child caressed and encouraged in all its propen-sistance : while, in the simple but affecting story of A Constant Reader suggests that it would be

agreeable to himself, and he doubts not to our readers sities, whether good or bad, will be apt to fancy itself in- distress, he draws forth the involuntary sigh; and, contrasting the reality of our situation with the sombre

in general, if we were to announce in each number of capable of doing wrong; and the probable consequence picture of fancied woe, makes us feel, indeed, what

the Kakidoscope, what articles the public might ex. will be, that it may be led to commit crimes, of which, Montgomery has attempted to describe the extatic pect to find in the succeeding number. We tave Do hereafter, it will bave the greatest occasion to repent : "joy of grief !”

objection to such announcement, except this, that st

is not always practicable to ascertain precisely the and be assured, Mr. Editor, when that repentance is

contents of our next publication. Independently op effected, the coo indulgent parent will not escape the

To Correspondents.

original communications which are received during reproach of his unfortunate child.

the week, there are many reasons which constart) But supposing this picture to be too highly coloured, a second letter we have before us from Candidus in

influence us to make changes in our preconcerted

arrangement. without doubt this is not the way to ensure reverence clines us to think more favourably of his motives, and esteem. To accomplish such a purpose, it is abso° but has effected

no change in the estimate we have The journal supplied by S is somewhat too vulgar for lutely necessary that a parent should point out the formed of his critical talents. A critic ought to be the taste of our readers. course children should) pursue; that he should correct

competent to do more than merely state, “ that such

a composition is dull, another ridiculous, and a third We have further to notice X. L. D.-AN OLD COR. them when wrong, and encourage therr: when right, and destitute of merit,” &c. &c. It is his duty to assign RESPONDENT—C. M. H.--TRIANGLE. this ougbt to be done without regard to beauty or de- some reason for his thus pronouncing judgment. The formity, or in more comprehensive words, without tone adopted through his letter very ill assimilated The Continuation of Walks in Derbyshire in our best

with his assumed name, Candidus; and the

impres. Want of room necessarily excludes the present publicaprejudice of spleen. I have written these brief re

sion on our minds was, that he and we had, on some marks in the hope of arresting the attention of that former occasion, chanced to differ in opinion about

cation of several intended articles, amongst which are the merits of some of his own poetry. Whether this

the letter on part of your readers who are entrusted with the care

British Coins-PHILO-RABELAIS of children. They will, at least, serve to remind the

be the case or not, we shall in compliance with his

Inconnu.

own request, proceed to point out a few of his literary Nauticus in our next.–VERITAS is received. parent of his duty; and if they should happen to come

slips; which may serve to show that, as we before within the reach of those against whom they are di- ventured to hint, he does not belong to the privileged rected, my wisb is, that they may be applied in such a class to which the poet alludes, in the line,

Printed, published, and sold by E. Smitu and Ca manner as to produce a speedy reformation. You will “ And censure freely, who have written well."

54, Lord-street, Liverpool.

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Literary and Scientific Mirror.

“UTILE DULCI.”

This familiar Miscellany, from which religious and political matters are excluded, contains a variety of original and selected Articles ; comprehending Literature

Criticism, Men and Manners, Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Natura
History, Monthly Diary, Fashions, &c. &c; forming a handsome Annual Volume, with an Index and Title-page. Regular supplies are forwarded to the following
AGENTS.
Chesler-R. Taylor
Harley-T. Allbut; Manchester-Miss Richardsons ; Preston-P. Whittle;

St. Helen's-Edw. Glover ;
Chorley-T. Parker ;

Huddersfield-T. Smart; J. Fletcher; and T. Sowler; Rochdale-J. Hartley; Stockport-J. Dawson; Hactura-T. Rogerson; Congleton-J. Parsons;

Hull-J. Perkins;

Newcastle-U.-L.-C. Chester; Runcorn-Mrs. Harrison ; Wakefield-R. Hurst; Bolas-J. Kell, or J. Brandwood; Dublin-W. Baker; J. P. Power: Lancaster-G. Bentham; Nerti.zeich-J. Kent;

Sheffield-T. Orton;

Wurrington-J. Harrison; Bradfit-J. Stanfield; and Mrs. Broadhurst; Leeds-B. Dewhirst; Ormskirk-W. Garside;

Shrewsbury-C. Hulbert; wigan-w.and Lyon ; Bury-J. Kay; Halifax-R. Simpson; Macclesfield-P. Hall; Prestui A. Ducker ;

Stoke-R. C. Tomkinson; DiiteJ, Browa.

No. 47.-NEW SERIES.

TUESDAY, MAY 22, 1821.

Price 3d.

OF

AT THE

16

The Philanthropist. strument of averting. The statement made temple of chastity and beauty, the fairęst,

by your worthy Sheriff early in this even- the purest, and the loveliest, in which vebSPEECH

ing has but too much truth in it. Let any tal spirits nursed the flame of Heaven. Such

one reflect, who has traversed the streets of are the blessings this charity may conferCOUNSEL LOR PHILLIPS, this immense metropolis, how many he has such are the calamities it may be the in

met, even in his daily progress, who seem to strument of averting. Many a breaking LAST AXNUAL DINNER OF THE LONDON

have been apprenticed from their very in heart will bless it upon earth-many a soul ORPHAN ASYLUM.

fancy to crime-the peach: down of inno-redeemed will hallow it hereafter; the Mr. Phillips, having been called upon cence scarcely faded from their cheeks, wounded soldier will think upon his orphan by the Royal Chairman, the Duke of Sus- the mysteries of crime familiar to their and bless it ere he dies, and the last tear sex, rose amidst general cheering. He felt, memories! Unfortunate wretches, whom which dims the eye of virtuous misfortune, he said, after the call which had been so the very cradle scems to have heaved into will be illumined and exhaled by the ray unexpectedly, and indeed unnecessarily a frightful and almost miraculous maturity of of its consolation. Happy are they to whom made on him, that it was quite impossible vice! And yet perhaps, though now the heirs fortune gives this luxury of benevolence! got to say a few words in obedience to it. of shame, the foundlings of the scaffold, they happy and proud and glorious is the coun* The call, however," continued Mr. Phil- might have crowned manhood's virtue with try, in which inclination thus anticipates ips, " has been most unnecessary, for it is the reverence of age, had they been taught ability; in which charity at the same time mpossible, in my mind, to add any thing to lisp even religion's alphabet. But, alas ! makes a people noble, and gives the noble o the lucid statements of the Royal Perso- their heads were pillowed on a parent's a durable popularity; in which the mer. lage who fills the chair-statements most grave, and there was no light to guide them chants have been said to be Princes, and Eloquently made and powerfully aided, if in the desert of their orphanage! Let any in which we see to-night that the Princes, id they wanted, by the influence of his man reflect on his hours of relaxation, how amid the pageantries of rank, require no xample. However, Sir, on such a subject, mirth has been clouded, and amusement monitor to remind them of humanity. This; ilence would be almost criminal. It is overcast, by the melancholy spectacles he in my mind, is the peculiar glory of our Atterly impossible to peruse the records of has been compelled to witness! How the country; and if I wished to-morrow to bis noble institution without being filled shadow of what once was health and youth diplay her to the foreigner, I would not turn with admiration at its benevolence. To and loveliness, has fitted athwart him, like a him to her crowded harbours, to her garshelter those who are without a home-to spectre risen from the tomb of Virtue! How den landscape, to her proud metropolis, to cherish those who are without a parent, his spirit has been bowed down-how his her countless marts of opulence and comto protect the innocence which can have heart has been afflicted, as he saw before merce. I would not unfurl for him her known no crime-to rescue misfortune from him the gaudy ruin of life's noblest orna- trophied Aag, or unrol even the immortal the temptations which surround it—to sub-ment, woman; in her purity the world's pa- charters of our liberties. No; but I would stitute education for ignorance, morality ragon, in her clepravity its shame and degra. lead him to institutions such as this; I for vice, and religion for infidelity-these dation—the bane or the blessing of civilized would show him the Monarch's brother, are its objects, and they are objects of society—the charm of man's existence or enlisting the people in the service of pbilanwhich every creed and every party and its curse-without any modification, either thropy. I would show him her missionaries

"human form that wears a heart” almost an angel, or a fiend! And yet, that at the tropic and the pole ; her Samaritan must unite in the admiration. Its positive hapless outcast, if her infancy had known benevolence, pouring its oil upon the wounds advantages are too obvious to be overlook- a moral guardian, might have been the cen- of the sufferer; her hereditary Howards, ed, and yet perhaps they are not manifested tre of her domestic paradise, diffusing light Buxtons, and her Frys, holding their forso clearly in the benefits conferred as in and joy and luxury around it-the lover's tunes, but as the trustees of misery; her the evils which it may have been the in- happiness, the infant's guide-the living | sun-like charity that knows no horizon,

every

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