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in his own,
ment of its found. My answer I dif- versation, it has an obvious refere tiocily recollect was, that opinion was- ence*. the judge of that matter; and that in I cannot, in the conclusion of this mine, the belt thing in England was letter, altogether overlook the occathe road 10 Scotland, for which, I ad. fion which ihe subject of it presents, ded, that I very soon propoled to set of doing justice to my own opinion of out. Of Dr Goldsmithi's
of the the character of this great man, who, conversation I have no knowledge.
with all the faults and foibles that are Certainly, I fhould have niented cen- a.cribed to him in the writings of his sure for affirming that the country a. contemporaries, will command the round Edinburgh is either rich or admirarion of future
ages, poor: for, although I know that the While I see the mind of Johnson in environs of that city are highly culti- the compass of his understanding, the vated, I am ignorant of the quülity of flendour of his imaginacion, and the the soil. It is scarcely worth men- dignified carience of bis periods, I fortionirg, that we paslud from this subject gec the foibles that diminish iis rato the number of inhabitants in N. Giance, foibles that ought now to be Britain. Johnson estimated them (1 configned for ever to oblivion. And now believe truly) at 1,500,000--I while I envy the sages of antiquiry said, I believed they might amount 10 (whose friends were ui killed in the 2,000,000, and fubjo ned, that I lived modern art of lading), their claim myself in the neighbourhod of a city to the most porrect approbation, I that con:ains about 20,1.00 persons. maik with a larisfaction, not perhaps
These, Sir, are the particu'ars of altogether destituie of merit, the mind the only conversation I ever had with of this author breaking by trong and Dr Johnton. I have often had occa, interrupted fathes thro the cloud that fion to repeat the circumstances above surrounds it in the writings of his ene, mentioned to my friends, although mies, as well as of his panegyrilts; alwithout having been called on, I ternately overshadowed by the breath ihould not have thought of making of envy, or enveloped in the isceale them known to the public. I cannot 'of adulation. I admire his genius, indeed authe:ticate this detail ly Dr bonour bis principles, love bis virtues, Johnson's own tellimony; yet the nose 200 rcfpc& his memory.
and at the end of the page will perhaps ft. tisíy. the reader, that my share in the
Sir, conversation of the evening was not
Your most obedient, guire fu frivolous, whin I was led
J. Ogiltil, into it, as it appears to have been in Midmar, near ABERDEEN, Mr B -'s account, as to this con
Oct. 29. 1791.
* I happened to be fronı home on a journey of some length at the time when Dr Jocson was in Aberdeenshire, and law him only once after the 6th of July 1763. I lent huim however a copy of my inquiry into the cavies of infidelity, by Mr Richardson, a Bookfeiler in London, with a heri letter, wherein I reminded him of our meeiing at the ivitre Tavern, as an event that might liave been eraled from his memory. His let. ter to Mr Rammen, who tranímitied to him the book at ng wiih the few lines I had wiitten, is now before me in his own hand-writing. I transcribe it verbatim.
SIR, You will do me a favour, by returning my respectful thanks to Dr. Ogilvie, for the kind present of his book; and let him know, that I take amiss to be suspected of having forgotten him. I hope we shall never forget each other. I am,
Your homble servant, Feb. 23
SAM. JOHNSON 1783.
Some fcount of the New Clong at Sierra Leona, on the coast of Africa, ar Juted by Mr Clarkson to the Society in this place for the Abolition of the Şlav. Trade
HE first project of establishing off from the grounds which the co.
imLeona, originated with the late be- mediately held, -the slave ships boardnevolent Mr Jonas Han say about ed,—the unfortunate captives brought the year 1786. Obferving in the back,--and the captains of the verItreets and environs of London a sels laid hold of and compelled to pay number of poor and neglecicd natives confiderable fines for their misconof Africa, Tubsisting in misery on pre- duct. A series of such proceedings carious charity, he formed the idea of would foon have produced considerSending them back to their own coun- able inconvenience to the slave deal. try, in a fituation in which they mighters, by restraining, at least in the terbe able at least to support them elves, ritory of the colony, the villainous and perhaps al imately to benefit this and inhuman practices from which kingdom. Three hundred of them much of the gain of that traffic arises; were acccrdingly collected, and trans the different flave factories in the ported to a place on the river Sieria neighbourhood therefore united for Leena, where it was expected they the destruction of the infant sertle. would have it in their power to turn
The African Kings were, by their industry to a proper account. different means, stirred up to attack Unfortunately from misinformation, in 'them; and at last a detachment of respect to the climate and feasons in Africans, conducted, it is said, by an that part of the worid, this little co- European, attacked the new-built Juny nere sent out, and arrived in toxn, set fire to it (the white conAfrica at the most unfavcurable pe. ductor ferting the example), reduced riod fur fuming a setilement. The it to a heap of ruins, and partly exrainy weather let in before they could tirpated, partly dispersed, the inhabis provide thelter ; and, from their bad accommodations, joined to'other hard- The Colonists, ftryck with confter. hips to which incy were cxposed, a nation at this disaster, and dreading gi eat mortaliiy çanie on, which cars immediate and utter destruction, a siud cfi more than one half of the Co. bandoned their fettlement, and took ionills. One hundied, and twenty, refuge in faftnesses and morafies, huwever, furvived all their distreiles; where they were exposed to hardfhijs and, when tie more favourable sea- that proved fetal to several. bon commenced, immediately lock of relief, they found means to get fenieasures - fur ferming a seulement, veral letters, stating their wretched built a village, and began to cultivate fuation, cispatched by different thips, the ground: the rudiments of a go. addressed to the persons in London peronient were planned, and diviue who had formed the plan of the settleworship was regularly periormed, and ment. As flave fhips, however, were corftantly as well as decently attended. the only means of conveyance they
Lvcn in this infant fiate they very could procure for these letters, not early began to prove a confidcrable one of them was ever delivered, but check on the erormities of the Slave all of them opened ; and, on the con. Merchants. Two particular initances tents being known, immediately detuon occurred, in which fome per- ftroyed. No arfwer being received uns had boce kidnapped and carricd to their letters, the settlers began to
In hopes suspect their miscarriage ; and, as the low water, capable of floating a man only mode of effecting their deliver- of war almoit close to the shore. The ance, one of them at lait offered and land besides
appeared uncommonly undertook to venture on board a Slave fertile, and the climate with proper fhip, and go with it, first to the West precaution by no means insalutary. Indies, and then to England. He Determined to proceed in all their did so, arrived safe, and gave the first transactions on the principles of the intelligence to the benevolent plan- ftrictest equity and justice, the associatners of the scheme, of its total mif- ed company, as the commencement of carriage, the means by which that had their operation, entered into terins been effected, and the dismal fituation with the several African princes, who of the surviving Colonilts.
claimed the property of this land, for The Gentlemen concerned inftant- the purchase of what they required. ty resolved to attempt the relief of the The terms were settled, the lands fafferers. They dispatched a small purchased at an expence of between vessel between 30 and 40 tos bur- two and three hundred pounds Sterden, under the care of N. Falcon- ling, and the African Ch?s made bridge surgeon, loaded with what them over in perpetuity to the King might be most neceilary for men in of Great Britain. their circumstances. M. Falconbridge The next fep was to apply for an found the settlers in muít diitreiled Act of Parliament, incorporating the circumstances, deítitute of every ne. Company, and impowering his Ma
ceffary, and many of them ready to jesty to make a grant of the lands thus .perish from diseases contracted by ceded to the new-established associatheir mode of living; many of these tion. To the paling of this act, the disorders he was able to cure, and greatest oppofition was made by the .collecting all the remains of the Co- slave-merchants and Welt-India plantlony, found feventy-four persons still ers; but in spite of their endeavours, furviving. Thefe he brought toge- it was carriei throug's, and in confether, and settled in a proper spot, quence of it a graot of the land in the where they built a vilage, and thus manner defired was obtained by the laid the foundation of the New Colo- Company. ny of Sierra Leona. Inured to the Being thus put in poffeffion of a climate, and trained up by hardships legal title to the ground, the next step and distress, they must prove a valua. was to procure a proper number of ble acquisition to the infant fetile- fertlers for its cultivation. By a par.
ticular clause in the Act of Parlia. The Gentlemen in Britain, who ment, incorporating the Company, a had still an establishment on the Afri- poliive restriction was laid against can coast much at heart, profiting by their either countenancing or adopting the errors in the first attempt, resolved the praélice of Navery; it was to free to proceed with more caution, and on feitlers alone, therefore, they were to a better plan in the second. A tract look for a fupply of inhabitants. The of ground on the river Sierra Leona, 74 persons already mentioned as the about 20 miles square, lying in lat. remains of the first Colony, were about 9°, was pitched upon as the sure and useful hands, and were thereproper spot, both on account of its fore segarded as the foundation of the central situation in the vicinity of se- settlement. But their number was veral navigable rivers, and on account too small to carry on any extensive of the depth of water at the place plan, fresh settlers therefore were necefwhere the propoled new town was to fary. On enquiry it was found that be erected, the river b.ing there, at many persous, both white and black,
in different parts of Britain, would ter, and the regularity of their con chearfully embrace the opportunity of duct. In a short time, three handre! fe:tling in Sierra Leona, if proper en- andtwenty perfons, partly negroes, partcouragement was given. The Affo- ly Europeans, were approved of; many ciaied Company held out to these of them poffcffed of finall capitals, and men terms perhaps the moit liberal all of them bearing respectable chathat any Company ever had iffered. racters for industry, fobriety, and deEvery nian, it was agreed, ihr uld be cency of behaviour.
These were pot in poffeffion of twenty acres of embarked on board of a proper vessel, jand for himle!!, ten more for bis and are now on their pariage to, if not wifi, if he was a married man, ard already arrived at Sierra Leona. The five for
every child he carried Company have purchased an old 44 out with him ; the Tee-simple of this gun frigate, which they mean to lie land to be long in property to him and in the river to serve both as a magahis heirs for ever. Tools and initru- zine for itores and provisions, and a ments of every kind were furnished temporary babitation for the settlers, at the Company's expence, and to till they can get houfes constructed on insure the settlers. against inn.ediate shore. want, three months provisions were These two fupplies of people, thos provided to be given gratis to the together they form an infant colony, Colonists on their arrival, and provi far from contemprible, yet are not the fions for three months more laid in, only ones which this fettlement has to be sold to them if neceifary, at a to look f.;; a still greater accession reasonable rate.
will soon be made from America; l'he liberality of these terms opera- owing to a series of circumstances, ted with many, and numerous applica- which, for the honour of Britain, it tions were received from many who were to be wished had never taken wished to embark in the tchime ; place, but which may ultimately tend none however were received who to the benefit of humanity. could not produce sufficien itations ia regard to their moral charac- (To be concluded in our next.)
New Disccueries respecting the purifying property of Charcoal *. AMONGST other fingular pro- thorouglily with fine charcoal powder :
perties of Charcoal, it has lately this fimple application, at the same been discovered by a gentleman at time, renders the teeth beautifully Petersburgh, that ail forts of glass whitė; and that brown (or otherreffels and other utensils may be puri. wife coloured) putrid stinking water fied from long retained imelis and may be deprived of its offensive fmell, taints of every kind, in the easiest and and rendered transparent by means of most perfect manner, by rinsing them' the same subítance. Hence he thinks out well with charcoal reduced to a it would be of use for preserving wa. & fine powder, after their grosser im- ter fueet during sea voyages, :o add a , purities have been scoured off with about g lb of coarse charcoal powder sand and pot-afh - That people whole to every cal of water ; it being only breath smells strong from a fccrbutic necefiary afterwards to train the wadisposition of the gums, may at any ter off when wanted, through a linca time get perfe&i!y rid of this bad imell, bag. by rubbing and washing out the mouth
* From Crello Chemical Journal.
A short Description of Carnicobari by. Mr G. Hamilton *HE ifånd of wbich I propose to the person something like the thatch
givel a succinét account, is the ing of a houle: Such of them as have northeromost of that cluster in the Bay received preferits of cloth petticoats of Bengal which goes by the name of from the thips, commonly tie them the Nicobars. It is lov; of a round round immediately under the arms. figure, about forty' miles in circumfer. The men wear, nothing but a narrow edce, and appears at a distance as if strip of cloth about the middle, in entirely covered with trees & however, which they wrap up their privities fo there are several well-cleared and de- tight that there hardly is any appear. lighiful spots upon it. The fuil is à ance of them. The ears of both fexas black kind of clay, and marshy. It are pierced when young, and by produces in great abundance, and with squeezing into the holes large plugs of little care, most of the tropical fruits, wood, or hanging heavy weights of such as pine-apples, plantains, papayas, shells, they contrive to render them Cocoa-nuts, nd areca nuts; also ex- wide; and disagreeable to look at. cellent yams, and a root called cachu. They are naturally disposed to be The only four-footed animals. upon good humoured and gay, and are the island are hogs, dogs, large rats, very food of fitting at iable with Euand an animal of the lizard kind, but ropeans, where they eat every thing large, called by the natives tolonqüis that is set before them, and they eat these frequently carry off fowls most enormoufly. They do not care and chickens. The only kind of much for wine, but will drink bumpoultry arë: bens, and those not in pers of arak as long as they can see. great plenty. There are abundance A great part of their time is spent of snakes of many different kinds, in feasting and dancing. When a and the inhabitants frequently die feast is held at any village, every of their bitės. The timber upon one that chufes goes uninvited, for the island is of many forts; * in they are utter ftrmgers to ceremony. great plenty, and some of it remark. At those feasts they eat immense ably large,
affording excellent quantities of pork, which is their famaterials for building or repairing pourite food. Their hogs are remarkships.
ably fat; being fed upon the cocoa a The Hatives are low in ftaturë, but out kernel and sea-water; indeed, all very well made, and surprisingly active their domestic animals, fowls, dogs, and strong ; they are copper-coloured, &c. are fed upon the lime. 'They have and their features have a cast of the likewise plenty of small sea filli, which Malay, quite the reverse of elegant. they strike very dexterously with The women in particular are extremely lances, wading into the sea about kneeuglý. The men cut their hair short and deep. They are sure of killing a very the women have their heads fhaved small fih at' ten or twelve yards disquite bare, and weår no covering but tance. They eat the pork almost a short petticoat, made of a fort of raw, giving it only a hasty grill ovet tush or dry grass; which reaches half a quick fire. They roaft a fowl, by way down the thigh. This grass is ruuning a piece of wood through it
a mot interwoven, but hangs round by way of 'spit; and holding it over 2ż VOL. XIV. No. 83.