« AnteriorContinuar »
ing them off for a short time ; but suffi- Majesty's ship Favourite, on visiting the cient fuel could not be supplied, and the site of the ancient city of Shahpoor, ac, moment the fires became extinguished, the companied by Meer Shumsoodeen, a preinsects rushed in like a torrent. Multi, datory chieftain,--the cave, containing a tudes were destroyed by the birds, and prostrate colossal figure, was pointed out by many more by branches of trees used by the latter, who, from his plundering mode the farmers for that purpose, as well as by of life, had become well 'acquainted with their being swept into large heaps, and con- the hidden recesses of the mountains. The sumed by fire; yet their numbers seemed cave is distant from Shahpoor three miles, nothing diminished. They so completely on the opposite side of the river. From the covered some mangoe trees, and the hedges base of the mountain, near the summit of surrounding the gardens, that the colour of which the excavation is made, no traces of the leaves could not be distinguished. They a cavern are discernible. The ascent is dif, had no wings, and were about the size officult, chiefly from its perpendicular height. small bees. They continued to creep along When the travellers had nearly reached the the ground, or hopped when their progress top, they found themselves at the foot of an was interrupted.
abrupt rampart, about thirty feet high, the July 27.--They were increasing in size, depth of which, from its upper edge to the and had overspread that part of the country entrance of the cave, to which it forms a in every direction. From the want of rain, level landing, was sixty feet. The entrance and the overwhelming inroad of these in- to the cavern is a plain roughly-hewn arch, sects, the farmers were nearly ruined. No- thirty feet high, and thirty-five feet wide, thing impeded their progress; they climbed beyond which the height increases to forty up the highest trees, and scrambled over feet, and the width to sixty and seventy. walls ; and, notwithstanding the exertions The figure, which is of stone, appears to of several people with brooms, the verandah have stood originally on a pedestal in the and outer walls of the hospital were com- middle of this excavation, but was discopletely covered with them. They no longer vered lying on the ground, and the legs, continued to move in one particular direc. below the knees, broken off. The costume tion, but paraded backwards and forwards, appears to be similar to the sculptures at wherever they could find food.
Shahpoor, Nukshi-Roostum, and PersepoOn the 28th of July the rains set in with lis, and with the same luxuriant flow of considerable violence; the locusts took shel- curled hair. Its arms rest upon the hips, ter on trees and bushes, devouring every and the costume is a robe fastened by a leaf within their reach; none seemed to suf- small button at the neck, and falling loosely fer from the rain.
over the elbows, and in this respect differs On the 29th it did not rain, and the from the sculptures just mentioned. The young swarm again were on the move, con- length of the face from the forehead to the tinuing their depredations ; they were fast chin is two feet three inches, and the length increasing in size, and equally lively as be- of the body four feet and a half. According fore the rain.
to this measurement, the whole figure must It again rained on the 30th, and again have been about fourteen feet high. From the locusts took shelter on the trees and the statue to the most retired parts of the fences; several large flights of locusts passed cavern, the excavation increases in height over the cantonments, and I observed that the and width. After passing down án inclined wings of the young ones began to appear. plane for about twenty feet, and up an asThe head still retained the dark red colour, cent of about fifty feet more, the travellers but the black lines on the body had become reached a dry reservoir, seventeen feet long much fainter.
by seven wide, and five feet deep. Farther Again, on the 31st, large flights conti- on, they began to descend, by torch light, a nued to pass, driven by the wind to the low narrow passage in the rock, and southward ; of course very few alighted. reached another cavern, the roof of which They caused little mischief within our view. was supported by a few huge shapeless pil. The wings of the young tribe (the whole lars. No conjecture is offered respecting four being now formed) were about one- the use or object of this extraordinary excaeighth of an inch in length. After this yation. time I made no particular observations on Pseudo-Volcano in Staffordshire.-Me their progress, being otherwise engaged, but Finch, of Birmingham, has published some they disappeared in a few days.
facts relative to what he calls a pseudoAn account of an extensive cavern, con- volcano, near the Bradley iron-works, in taining the remains of a colossal statue, re- Staffordshire. The tract of ground is situ. cently discovered in the mountains in the ated by the road-side from Birmingham to vicinity of Shahpoor, in the modern pro- Wolverhampton, about half-way between vince of Fars, the ancient Persia, was re- Wednesbury and Bilston. It is mentioned ceived from Lieut, R. Taylor, of the Bom- by Plott, in his Natural History of Stafford. bay establishment, and presented by the shire, as being on fire in 1686, when he secretary to the society. In Sept. 1816, wrote ; and he says, that it was not then Mr Williams and Capt. Maude, of his known how long it had been on fire. It
then occupied a space of eleven acres ; but lately discovered, by accident, in France, by its ravages have since extended about one M. Baget, called Metallic Watering (Moiré mile and a half in extreme length, and one Metallique). It depends upon the action of mile in breadth. Whether the fire origin- acids, either pure or mixed together, and in ated in accident, or from the sulphur con- different degrees of dilution, on alloys of tin. tained in the coal and pyrites, is not known; The variety of designs resemble mother-ofbut it probably arose from the latter cause, pearl, and reflect the light in the form of as, at other pits, the small coal has taken clouds. The process is this :—first dissolve fire on being exposed to the air. As the four ounces of muriate of soda in eight ounces combustible matter is exhausted, the hand of water, and add two ounces of nitric acid :of cultivation requires its labour ; and, even second mixture-eight ounces of water, two in parts where the fire is still, by carefully ounces of nitric acid, and three ounces of stopping the fissures, and preventing the muriatic acid: third mixture_eight ounces access of air, different crops can be raised. of water, two ounces of muriatic acid, and A neglect of these precautions sometimes one ounce of sulphuric acid. One of these destroys half the produce, whilst the re- mixtures is to be poured warm upon a sheet mainder continues flourishing About two of tinned iron, placed upon a vessel of stoneyears ago it began to penetrate through the ware ; it is to be poured on in separate por, floors of some houses : it produced great tions, until the sheet is completely watered ; alarm, by appearing in the night; and four it is then to be plunged into water, slightly of the houses were taken down. It exhi. acidulated, and washed. The watering obbits a red heat in this situation, and the tained by the action of these different mix.. smoke has forced its way through a bed of tures upon tinned iron, imitates, very cinders forty feet in height. On the south closely, mother-of-pearl and its reflections ; it is arrested by beds of sand, which cover but the designs, although varied, are quite the coal formation in that part ; and on the accidental. By heating the tinned iron to north-east it is impeded by cultivation. At different degrees of heat, stars, fern-leaves, first view a stranger might suppose himself and other figures, are produced ; and, by in a volcanic region. The exterior view of pouring one of the above mixtures, cold, the strata, exposed by the falling in of the upon a plate of tinned iron, at a red heat, ground, presents a surface blackened by the a beautiful granular appearance is obtained. action of fire, and presenting most of the These metallic waterings will bear the blow porphyritic and trappean colours in high of a mallet, but not of a hammer ; hence, perfection. The cinder-dust on which you the invention may be used for embossed tread, the sulphurcous vapours and smoke patterns, but not for those which are which arise from the various parts of the punched. Different colours and shades may surface, and the feeling of insecurity which be given by varnisheş, which, when properly attend most of your footsteps, all combine polished, will set off the beauty of the wa. to give a high degree of interest to the tering. When the tin is upon copper, the
The mineral substances found in crystallization appears in the form of radia. this region are:-1. Sulphur in small bril- tions or stars. Mr Shaw of London has, we liant crystals, also massy and amorphous. understand, taken out a patent for this very 2. Mineral tar. 3. Coal, in some places curious invention ; and tin plates are made only four feet from the surface. 4. Sulunder his patent, at the manufactory of Mr phate of alum. 5. Muriate of ammonia, Brunell of Battersea. Very paltry imitacombined with a small proportion of sulphate tions of this invention have been made in a of ammonia. 6. Sulphate of zinc. 7. Sul- piratical manner in London ; but the public phate of lime.
8. Porcelain jasper. 9. will no doubt discourage these spurious Newest floetz trap, basalt or rowley-rag. imitations.
Crystallized Tino-A new art has been
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION,
of the Philosophy of Life,” will appear, THE Bishop of St Davids has in the press, from the pen of Sir Charles Morgan, Fellow the Grand Schism, or the Roman Catholics of the College of Physicians. It is intend, of Great Britain and Ireland shown to be ed to convey a Popular View of the LeadSeparatists from the Church of England. ing Facts of Physiology, as they bear more
Mr Richard Lawrence is preparing Forty especially upon the Moral and Social Ani. Etchings from specimens in the Elgin Col. mal. lection; to be accompanied with Critical An Introduction to the Critical Study and Remarks on those Grecian Relics.
Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures ; by Robert Huish, Esq. Author of a Treatise Thomas Hartwell Horne, A. M., in two on Bees, has in the press, Venezzi, a Ro- volumes, 8vo, illustrated with Maps, and mance of former days, in 4 vols.
Fac-similes of Biblical Manuscripts. This Mr Bagster is printing an edition of the Work will consist of Three Parts :--Part I. Book of Common Prayer, with Translations will comprise a Concise View of the Geo. into the Greek, Latin, Italian, Spanish, graphy of Palestine, and of the Political, French, and German languages ; to be com- Religious, Moral, and Civil State of the prised in a 4to volume, uniform with his Jews ; illustrating the principal Events rePolyglott Bible.
corded in the Bible. Part II. will present A new edition of Seneca's Morals, in an a copious Investigation of the Principles of Svo vol. with a portrait, will appear early in Scripture Interpretation, and their ApplicaJuly.
tion to the Historical, Prophetical, Typical, Edward Dodwell, Esq. is preparing for Doctrinal, and Moral Parts of the Sacred publication, a Classical and Topographical Writings. Part III. will be appropriated Tour in Greece, during the years 1801, to the Analysis of the Bible ; including an 1805, and 1806. A long residence in Tur- Account of the Canon of Scripture ; toge, key has enabled the Author to examinether with Critical Prefaces and Synopses to and the assistance of a first-rate Artist, to each book, upon an improved Plan. An illustrate the Topography of, that Seat of Appendix will be subjoined, containing an Early History. Greece, including Pelopon- Account of the Principal MSS. and Editions nesus and the Ionian Islands, were the par- of the Old and New Î'estaments. ticular objects of his Tour; in the course of We understand that the remaining Vol. which, many Districts, unexplored by Mo- of the Work on the History, Literature, and dern Travellers, have been penetrated, and Mythology of the Hindus, printing at the remains, hitherto unknown, visited, and Serampore press, is at length nearly finishmost faithful Drawings made of their actual ed. The delay attending the publication of state. Many of the Drawings being upon this work has arisen from a cause which, a scale which, consistent with their extreme we are persuaded, will give satisfaction to accuracy, will not allow of reduction to the the subscribers : more than 250 pages have size of a quarto volume, it is intended to been devoted to very difficult Translations publish a separate Work, consisting of Sixty from the Hindu Philosophical Works, and Views of the most celebrated Scenes and the Lives of their Sages. The Introductory Monuments of Greece ; in which fac-simi- Chapter, also, will contain a Review of their les of the Drawings, taken and coloured up- Philosophical Opinions, compared with on the spot, will be produced, of the size of those of other Ancient Nations, and an Ac, Stuart's Athens,-forming a complete series count of the present State of Learning aof all that now exists of Grecian Antiquity:
mong the Hindus. Sir John Byerley, a gentleman admirably We understand that a Pamphlet is about qualified by his various attainments, and by to be published, illustrative of the Cause and a critical knowledge of both languages, has Treatment of the Cholera Morbus, which undertaken a translation of Shakspeare into lately prevailed at Jessore, in which it is arFrench. We hail the circumstance as auş- gued, that to the immoderate use of New picious to the fame of our British Bard, Rice was principally owing the occurrence whose works have, by former translators, of the disease. The same complaint has been so grossly abused and perverted. prevailed with considerable violence at Ba
Dr Bateman is preparing for the press, a lasore, where it appears that Sable Fish iş Sketch of the Character of the Epidemic not to be procured, and the New Rice had Fever prevailing in the Metropolis, with not come into use. These two articles of some Observations on the Method of Treat- food have been severally charged with the ment, and on the Means of diminishing the production of the Epidemic in question, but Influence of Contagion.
apparently without sufficient consideration. In the course of the season,
" Sketches Mr Brande, Chemical Professor at the Royal Institution, is preparing for publica- press, a Grammar of Rhetoric, chiefly comtion, a Manual of Chemistry ; containing piled from Blair, Campbell, Rollin, &c. the principal Facts of the Science, arranged which will very soon appear, in 1 vol. 12mo. in the order in which they are discussed and A Book, entitled, Universal Commerce, illustrated in his much-admired Lectures. by the Editor of Mortimer's Commercial
Dr Bostock is about to publish an Ac- Dictionary, will appear in the course of the count of the History and Present State of ensuing Month. Galvanism.
A Mercator's Atlas of Skeleton Maps, Mr Laing's Architectural Work of Plans, adapted to Modern Navigation and MariElevations, and Sections of Buildings, erect- time Surveying, for the use of Naval Stued by him; including the details of the New dents, will be published in the course of the Custom House, London, St Dunstan's in ensuing Month, in royal 4to. the East, with an Historical Account of the M. Des Carrieres has nearly ready for Old Church, &c. will be delivered to the publication, a new edition of his Histoire Subscribers in the course of the present de France, which will be continued to Month.
the present time, and thoroughly revised It is not generally known, that some very throughout. curious Memoirs of Lucien Bonaparte were Mr A. Picquot, Author of the Ancient printed in 1815.
When, however, they and Modern Geography, has in the press, a were nearly ready, obstacles to the appear. Chronological Abridgement of the History ance arose ; the publication was suspended, of Modern Europe, compiled from the best and the whole impression was eventually English, French, and German Historians. burnt. An agent of Lucien, it is presumed, indemnified the publisher, and obtained from him the sacrifice of his speculation,
EDINBURGH. and the possession of the original manuscript. By what means this manuscript has again been suffered to see the light, we know not ; In the press, and speedily will be pub. but it is certain, that a London bookseller lished, in two large vols 8vo, a Geographihas obtained possession of it, and that it is cal and Statistical description of Scotland ; immediately to be published.
by James Playfair, D.D. F.R.S. & F.A.S. The third part of the Encyclopædia Me- Edin. Principal of the United College of St tropolitana will appear early in the ensuing Andrews, and Historiographer to his Royal Month.
Highness the Prince Regent. Mr Simmons will shortly publish, both Wight on the Law of Election, a new in England and America, a Novel Plan of edition, with additions, suited to the present Vessels of War, which was submitted to the time, will speedily be published. consideration of the Lords of the Admiralty A Memoir on the Congenital Club Feet in June 1810, and by them rejected. of Children, and the Mode of correcting this
The Ancient Gothic Languages have late. Deformity; by Antonio Scarpa, Emeritus ly very much engaged the
attention of the Professor and Director of the Medical FaLearned in the North. The Librarian of culty of the Imperial and Royal University the University of Copenhagen has been se- of Pavia, &c. With five original engravings veral months at Stockholm, for the purpose by Anderloni. Translated from the italian ; of collating and collecting manuscripts of by J. H. Wishart, Fellow of the Royal the Skalda and Edda, which are preserved College of Surgeons, and one of the Sur. in that city, and at Upsal ; they are intend geons of the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. ed to assist in a projected edition of these Proposals have been issued for publishPoems.
ing by subscription, in imperial folio, a New The same Professor is employed on a Atlas of the Counties of Scotland, each Grammar of the Anglo-Saxon Tongue ; and County to compose a separate map, or if of on a Translation into Swedish of his Gram- importance, from extent or population, two mar of the Icelandic Tongue: the former of will be allotted. these Works concerns all English Anti- In the press, and will be published in a quaries.
few days, in 8vo, with plates, an Account of It is stated in the German Papers, thatthe Small Pox, as it appeared after Vaccinawhile the Count las Casas was at St Helena, tion; by Alexander Monro, M.D. Profeshe composed a Work, and sent it to Europe, sor of Anatomy in the University of Edin. -the title of which is, Journal regulière de burgh ; including, among many cases, dont ce que fait ou dit Napoleon, jour par Three which occurred in the Author's own jour, à St Helène, durant 3 mois, ses conver- Family. sations publiques et privées, fc. This Work, Speedily will be published, Fifteen Years which will be uncommonly interesting on ac. Correspondence, which passed between Wilcount of its authenticity, has not been yet liam Drysdale, Writer and Town-clerk of published, because the manuscript has been Kirkaldy, and George Millar, Farmer in detained by the English Government. Bankhead, Fifeshire; wherein is discovered
Mr A. Jamieson, Author of a Treatise on the whole Arcana of County Lawyers' Intethe Construction of Maps, and Editor of rior Practice, very necessary for Young many Popular School Books, has in the Practitioners who would acquire a lasting
reputation, and a competent share of the the Polarising Force in Plates, Tubes, and One Thing Needful.
Cylinders of Glass.--Mr Napier on the Scope In the press, and speedily will be pub. and Influence of the Philosophical Writings lished, Vol
. VIII. Part II. of the Transac- of Lord Bacon.-Mr Allan on the Geology tions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. of the Environs of Nice. Mr Leslie on Im. The following are the Contents of Part II. pressions of Cold sent from the Higher Atof this Volume :-Dr Brewster on the Ef. mosphere.- -Major-General Brisbane on fects of Pressure in Altering the Polarising finding the Time accurately without equal Structure of Doubly Refracting Crystals. Altitudes...Dr Fleming on the Junction of Dr Murray's Experiments and Observations the Fresh Water of the Rivers with the Salt on Muriatic Acid Gas, &c.-Dr Ure on the Water of the Sea.-Mr Alison's Memoir of Relation between Muriatic Acid and Chlo- the Life and Writings of the late Lord rine.-Dr Brewster on the Distribution of Woodhouselee.
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