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built by Sir Den. Gauden, and by him sold to Mr. Hewer, who got a very considerable estate in the Navy, in which, from being Mr. Pepys's clerk, he came to be one of the principal officers, but was put out of all employment on the l{evolution, as were all the best officers, on suspicion of being no friends to the change; such were put in their places, as were most shamefully ignorant and unfit. Mr. Hewer lives very handsomely and friendly to every body." —Our fleet was now sailing on their long pretence of a descent on the French coast; but, after having sailed one hundred leagues, returned, the admiral and officers disagreeing as to the place where they were to land, and the time of year being so far spent, to the great dishonour of those at the helm, who concerted their matters so indiscreetly, or, as some thought, designedly. This whole summer was exceeding wet and rainy; the like had not been known since the year 1648; whilst in Ireland they had not known so great a drought. 16th July. I went to visit the Bishop of Lincoln, when, amongst other things, he told me that one Dr. Chaplin, of University College in Oxford, was the person who wrote the Whole Duty of Man; that he used to read it to his pupil, and communicated it to Dr. Sterne,” afterwards Archbishop of York, but would never suffer any of his pupils to have a copy of it. 19th August. A fast.—Came the sad news of the hurricane and earthquake, which has destroyed almost the whole Island of Jamaica, many thousands having perished. 11th. My son, his wife, and little daughter, went for Ireland, there to reside as one of the Commissioners of the Revenue. 14th. Still an exceeding wet season. 15th September. There happened an earthquake, which, though not so great as to do any harm in England, was universal in all these parts of Europe. It shook the house "Much will be found concerning him in the Diary and Correspondence of Samuel Pepys, edited by Lord Braybrooke, published by Mr. Bohn. * Richard Sterne, grandfather of the author of “Tristram Shandy.” He attended Archbishop Laud to the scaffold as his chaplain. On the Restoration he was created Bishop of Carlisle, and subsequently Arch

bishop of York. He assisted in the Polyglott and in the revisal of the Book of Common Prayer Born 1596, died 1683.

at Wotton, but was not perceived by any save a servant or
two, who were making my bed, and another in a garret. I
and the rest being at dinner below in the parlour, were not
sensible of it. The dreadful one in Jamaica this summer
was profanely and ludicrously represented in a puppet-play,
or some such lewd pastime, in the fair of Southwark, which
o the Queen to put down that idle and vicious mock
ShoW.
1st October. This season was so exceedingly cold, by reason
of a long and tempestuous north-east wind, that this usually
pleasant month was very uncomfortable. No fruit ripened
kindly.—Harbord dies at Belgrade; Lord Paget sent Am-
bassador in his room.
6th November. There was a vestry called about repairing
or new building of the church [at Deptford], which I
thought unseasonable in regard of heavy taxes, and other
improper circumstances, which I there declared.
10th. A solemn Thanksgiving for our victory at sea, safe
return of the King, &c.
20th. Dr. Lancaster, the new Vicar of St. Martin's,
preached.
A signal robbery in Hertfordshire of the tax-money bring-
ing out of the north towards London. They were set upon
by several desperate persons, who dismounted and stopped
all travellers on the road, and guarding them in a field, when
the exploit was done, and the treasure taken, they killed all
the horses of those whom they stayed, to hinder pursuit,
being sixteen horses. They then dismissed those that they
had dismounted.
14th December. With much reluctance we gratified Sir
J. Rotherham, one of Mr. Boyle's trustees, by admitting
the Bishop of Bath and Wells' to be lecturer for the
next year, instead of Mr. Bentley, who had so worthily ac-
quitted himself. We intended to take him in again the next
ear. .
1692-3. January. Contest in Parliament about a self-
denying Act, that no Parliament - man should have any
office: it wanted only two or three voices to have been
carried.—The Duke of Norfolk's Bill for a divorce thrown
out, he having managed it very indiscreetly.—The quarrel

| Bishop Kidder.

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between Admiral Russell and Lord Nottingham yet undetermined. 4th February. After five days' trial and extraordinary contest, the Lord Mohun was acquitted by the Lords of the murder of Montford, the player, notwithstanding the Judges, from the pregnant witnesses of the fact, had declared him guilty; but whether in commiseration of his youth, being not eighteen years old, though exceeding dissolute, or upon whatever other reason, the King himself present some part of the trial, and satisfied, as they report, that he was culpable, 69 acquitted him, only 14 condemned him. Unheard-of stories of the universal increase of witches in New England; men, women, and children, devoting themselves to the devil, so as to threaten the subversion of the government.”—At the same time there was a conspiracy amongst the negroes in Barbadoes to murder all their masters, discovered by overhearing a discourse of two of the slaves, and so preventing the execution of the design.— Hitherto an exceeding mild winter.—France in the utmost misery and poverty for want of corn and subsistence, whilst the ambitious King is intent to pursue his conquests on the rest of his neighbours both by sea and land. Our Admiral, Russell, laid aside for not pursuing the advantage he had obtained over the French in the past summer; three others chosen in his place. Dr. Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury's book burnt by the hangman for an expression of the King's title by conquest, on a complaint of Joseph How, a Member of Parliament, little better than a madman. 19th. The Bishop of Lincoln preached in the afternoon at the Tabernacle near Golden Square, set up by him.—Proposals of a marriage between Mr. Draper and my daughter Susanna—Hitherto an exceeding warm winter, such as has seldom been known, and portending an unprosperous spring as to the fruits of the earth; our climate requires more cold and winterly weather. The dreadful and | Some account of these poor people is given in Bray and Manning's History of Surrey, ii. 714, from the papers of the Rev. Mr. Miller. Vicar of Effingham, in that county, who was Chaplain to the King's forces in the Colony from 1692 to 1695. Some of the accused were convicted and executed; but Sir William Phipps, the Governor, had the good astonishing earthquake swallowing up Catania and other famous and ancient cities, with more than 100,000 persons in Sicily, on 11th January last, came now to be reported amongst us. 26th February. An extraordinary deep snow, after almost no winter, and a sudden gentle thaw.—A deplorable earthquake at Malta, since that of Sicily, nearly as great. 19th March. A new Secretary of State, Sir John Trenchard; the Attorney-General, Somers, made Lord - Keeper, a young lawyer of extraordinary merit.—King William goes towards Flanders; but returns, the wind being contrary. 31st. I met the King going to Gravesend to embark in his yacht for Holland. 23rd April. An extraordinary wet spring. 27th. My daughter Susanna was married to William Draper, Esq., in the chapel of Ely House, by Dr. Tenison, Bishop of Lincoln (since Archbishop). I gave her in portion 4,000l., her jointure is 500l. per annum. I pray Almighty God to give His blessing to this marriage! She is a good child, religious, discreet, ingenious, and qualified with all the ornaments of her sex. She has a peculiar talent in design, as painting in oil and miniature, and an extraordinary genius for whatever hands can do with a needle. She has the French tongue, has read most of the Greek and Roman authors and poets, using her talents with great modesty; exquisitely shaped, and of an agreeable countenance. This character is due to her, though coming from her father. Much of this

sense to reprieve, and afterwards pardon, several; and the Queen approved his conduct.

* Of Bloxworth, in Dorsetshire. He had been engaged with the Duke of Monmouth, but escaped out of England, and lived some time abroad, where he acquired a large and correct knowledge of foreign affairs. He was a calm and sedate man, and more moderate than could have been expected from his previous party connection. He was the confidential friend of King William, by whom he had been commissioned to concert measures with his friends on this side of the water, and ensure his favourable reception. Previously to his appointment of Secretary-of-State, the King had made him Serjeant-at-law, and Chief Justice of Chester. He died in 1694, at the age of forty-six, and is buried at Bloxworth. There is an engraved portrait of Sir John Trenchard in mezzotinto, by James Watson, representing him in the dress of his office, and expressing a weakness which he had in his right hand and arm ; also another in armour, from a miniature after the original, by Osias Humphrey, R.A., engraved by Cantlo Bestland. See Hutchins's History of Dorsetshire, vol. iii.

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