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Plate VIII. “ Plan of the Church useful, in like manner as the preof Milan.” Shewing a disposure of ceding Plate. five ailes in breadth, or nave and two Plate XI. « Plans of Gothic Co., ailes right and left; in length, the lumas, with Elevations of their Bases nave, transept of three ailes, and oct- and Pedestals, as given by Albert angular termination, devoid of Our Durer." These plans, it is irue, exLady's chapel, &c.; the choir, it is press the lines of columns, but as for imagined, took its length out of part their elevations of bases and pedestals of the nave, transept, and part of East (as poted, volume LXXXIV. Part II. extremity, as in the Catholic service p. 314), the Plate exhibits no such it was always necessary to insulate matters; and it only remains to obthe choir for processions ; see West- serve, that these plans have no refermipster, Gloucester, York, &c. &c. ence to English or foreigo Pointed Nothing of this is marked in the Plate architecture, if they may to the grobefore us; a mere plan of a huge tesque paintings of Durer; and the structure, without religious arrange- only elevation visible is turned in a ments, without any just proportion; congestion of breaks with cappings, a monstrous nave; Iransepts, one petty pleasurably rising up in consequence, division each, and Eastero end but in like the heads of a mixed assemblage two divisions. If Mr. H. bas intro- of wise Authors, sharp-sighted Arduced this plan as an example of tists, aod sagacious Amateurs. Those “syinmetry,” after the mode pursued friends of Mr. H. who approve of his by German architects, it is plain we History will find therein much amuseEoglish never IMITATED the same ment or instruction, no doubt; but I, manger. St.Alban’s, Gloucester, York, who am a professional man, can only &c. present their transepts nearly in derive benefit by learning that his the centre of the extreine length, Origin and Establishment of Gothic forming an elegant and beautiful ex- Architecture is wholly irrelevant to panse both for nave and choir. Let his proposed discussion, and that his us but contemplate on the generally, ten copied Plates are still more at allowed fine proportions of the Eng, variance with the matter in hand ; lish, and that of the generally-allowed serving rather to mislead and concluinsy ecclesiastical buildings of the found, than elucidate and inform Germans (Albert Durer) or Dutch : and, what is derogatory to the honest this part of the question is at issue. pride of an Englishman, who it might

Plate IX. “A sectional View of the be thought should do honour to his Nave with its side Ailes, and the cen, Country's arts, is his blind partiality, tre Tower of the Cathedral of Milan;" and fond credulity, in favour of that placed within a triangle and internal of foreigners ! divisions of ditto, as a " method, Inpex.— A long alphabetical rerule,” &c. "to explain the principles capitulation of the principal portion on which Gothic Architects acied.” of the History, with the continual reIf by this geometric scheme Mr. H. petition of the word “refuted,” as can in reality, discuwer any clue to applied to James Barry, James Ben. ascertain the positive priuciple, where tham, Cæsar Cæsarinus, Rev., Mr. by the relative heights, widths, and Dallaway, Capt. Grose, Mr. Knight, bearings of the main parts of the Milan Dr. Milner, Bp: Warburton, aod Sir edifice are determined, he certainly Christopher Wren. bas the benefit and satisfaction all to “ Plate of Examples from our Ag. himself, as I cannot, and I may predict tiquities, explanatory of the propor. not one of bis readers, discover any tions of door-ways, windows, arched thing of the matter. A random lay: ailes, &c. &c." (Pçomised in vol. ing down a number of inclined lives LXXXIV. Part 11. p: 315.) on an elevation, 'a mere scramble in

[The delay in briuging forward the dark for professional points and these conclading observations" has bearings; a few of course are gained, arisen from ouç want of opportunity, but the greater quantity of them are until this summer, of procuring sojne non effective, and of no use whatever. of the present examples; being de

Plate X. " A sectinai View of the sirous of rendering the vecessary Nave, side Ailes, and centre Tower of series as complete and regular as the same Cathedral,” may be com- possible.) mented on, explained, and repdered Example 1. (see Pl. II.) "Cylioders :

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height, 64 diameters ; distance, 4 dia- front of Barfreston Church, Kent : meters;" applied to the columns in Cha- distance, two ditto, which give height pel of the basement story oftheBishop's to springing of arch. XVII. Centre Palace, Durham. 11.104 diameters; Wiudow of West front of Durhanu distavce, 54 diameters ; applied to co- Cathedral: distance gives height to lumns of arcade in Rochester Castle. springing of arch, whieb, divided into II. 13 diameters; distance, 9 diame two parts, give height of arch. ters ; applied to arches of choir of Pointed Architecture. XVIII. East Canterbury Cathedral." Additional. great Window of York Cathedral : IV. 8 diameters; distance, i diameters; distance, two parts; one gives height applied to arches in Dunchurch,

War. to springing of arch, two ditto height wiekshire. « Arched ailes." Saxon of arcb. Architecture. V. Arches in the Nave From this plain and easy method, of the Abbey-church of St. Alban's. diameters and parts may be afixed to Set up its distance (opening) in one any subject; and from these examples diameter, diagonaled, in four parts, it is as plain and easy to discover, that three of which give the beight to no positive proportions regulated the springing of arch. VI. Arches in Nave designs of our antient Architeets, as of Gloucester Cathedral: distance, works of Bearly the same date, Weste three parts; four give the height to minster and Salisbury, manifest such springing of arch. VII. Arches in an extraordinary variation in their Nave of Durham Cathedral: distance, proportions.

J. CARTER, five parts; four give the height to springing of arch. Pointed Architecture. vill. Arches in Nave of West

Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 5. minster Abbey-cburch: distance, three SCARCELY ang female character ing of arch. ix, Arches in Nave of excites more our sympathy and comSalisbury Cathedral : distance, five miseration, than that of the unforparts; three give the beight to spring, tunate Anne Bolein. When we reing of arch. X. Arches in Nave of collect that she shone for a sbort inYork Cathedral: distance, seven parts; terval in the pomp of a Court, which three give the height to springing of was soon exchanged for a call and a arch. XI. Arches in Choir of Abbeyscaffold, the executioner and the church, Bath : distance, eight parts axe, we are insensibly led to serious three give the height to springing of contemplation, and cannot fail to arch. Saxon Architecture, XII. exclaim, - How little is elevated rank Door-way on North side of Steyping or regal greatness to be coveted Church, Sussex: distance, ditto added How much better it is to be good than gives the height to second lipe of great ! - How soon the bright morn

XIII. Door-way ing of Prosperity ends in the gloom South side of Chigwell Church, Essex: and darkness of Affliction !". The distance, two parts ; two ditto give fatal instrument of her decapitation is the height to springing of arch ; one yet exhibited to the Visitors of the of which, divided in five parts, Tower, and the last melancholy letter gives height of flat arch.

Pointed to the haughty Monarch her hus. Architecture. XIV. Door-way in band still preserved in the Records of Porch left of centre ditto of West the British Museum. After the aw. front of Abbey-church of St. Alm ful catastrophe, what little deceney þan's : distance, two parts ; ode was shewn to her lifeless body! The gives height to sprioging of arch; most abject pauper in a Parochial tive of the smaller parts give height work-house is allowed a coffin ; but of arch. XV. Door-way in centre the headless remains of the departed Porch of ditto Church : distance, two Queen were said to be deposited in an parts ; one divided into three smaller arrow chest, and buried in the Tower parts, four of which give height to Chapel, before the high altar, Where springing of arch ; four of ditto smal that stood, the most sagacious AnJer parts give height of arch. Saxon tiquary, after a lapse of less than Architecture. XVI. Window East three hundred years *, cannot dow

* Anna Bolein was beheaded on the 19th May, 1586. Her Portrait, published in the Illustrious Heads, is engraved by Houbraken from the picture by Hans Holbein in the Collection of the late Earl of Bradford. The family name is differently spelt; as English orthography at that period was little attended to.

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determine: nor is the circumstance, One of the stanzas of this little though related by eminent writers, poem, wedged in under the circumclearly ascertained. lo a cellar, the stances that it is, appears to me to body of a person of short stature, be so exceedingly beautiful, that I without a head, not many years since cannot refrain from attempting its was found, and supposed to be reliques translation both in Latin and Greek. of poor Aoba ; but soon after re. It will be for your readers, Mr. interred in the same place, and covere

Urban, to decide how far I may have ed with earth.

succeeded in this attempt.-of the Such a Narrative may impart in- poem at large I may say sometbiog structive reflections, not only to on a future occasion. Princes in the height of their power, Some account of the subject, of but to the different classes of man. this Ballad may be found io * Abp. kind, it may impress forcibly on its Spotswood's History of the Church of Readers the vanity of all human en- Scotland, p. 259. where we are told, joyments; but at the same time sug- that, among other enormities, the gest that Christianity offers to those ruffian Gordon, having sent to sumthat obey its holy precepts, arguments mon the house of Tavoy belonging of consolation and of hope even in

to Alexander Forbes, was, by reason calamitous situations, when the most of the absence of her husband, reenvied of earthly distinctions vanish fused admittance by the Lady of the and are extinguished.

J. C. house: in consequence of which it

was set on fire by Gordon and his Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 6. party, and herself, her children and A

servants, in all twenty-seven persons, Ballads, which have from time burnt to death. The stanza in ques: to time come under my observation, tion is supposed to be uttered by her I bave found few more interesting, on seeing her little son on the point or more deserving of notice, than of being suffocated by the emoke. the one entitled Edoni O' Gordon ;

Epom O'GORDON, stanza 21. wbich is preserved in Bp. Percy's Rekiques of Ancient English Poetry. I wad & gie a' my gowd, my childe, Whatever may be the prevalent opi

Sae wald I a' my fee, nion with respect to the value and For ane blast of the Western wind, importanee of performances of this To blaw the reek frae thee. patare; I am not at all ashamed to

Latinè. confess, that I never read this over without occasionally approaching

Non equidem, credo, gazas invita su

perbas somewhat to that state, in which

[latet; Medea may be * considered as being, si modo, parve puer, Zephyri tibi

flami

Projicerein, Eoo quicquid & orbe when Euripides applies to her the

[daret. epithet &pridexpus. If this be a weak- Unius, ut fumum spargeret, aura Dess, I am at least wcak in high company; as we have it from good au

Græcè. 13 thority that the great Bentley 44 ne- πλήθος ταλάντων, μυρίων χρυσού σταθver could read a touching story with

μόν,

[any, out tears in his eyes."--Si erro, luben. Téxvov, di doive' av, &$xpnuárwy Siepo

, άν, θυπερβοter erro.' Closej y allied to this sort of feeling was that which gave rise not lx aspoomsTOU xatvò sipyában cíles,

Ε? πως αμαίμην του Ζεφύρου πνοήν μίαν, to the saying of + Sir Philip Sydney, that he s never heard the old song

V. L. of Percie and Douglas (Chevy-Chase), that he found not his heart moved

See it copied in the Gentleman's mure than with a trumpet.”.

Magazine for May 1775, p. 219.

§ Gloss. Wad or wald; would. Gie; * Med. 899. The modern Lexico- give. A'; all. Gowd; guld. Sae; se. graphers, to a man, render the word Fee; meed, reward, wealth. Ane; one. qui rocens lachrymavit ; wbich is not Blaw; blow.

smoke, Frae; the true meanng. Hesychius approaches from very nearly to the right siguification. # Frag. Incert. Ixiv. 1. Eurip. edit. 'Aprídaxpuso evxepns espòs dáxpuoy.

Barnes. + Spectator, No. 70.

ç Bacch. 810. $6 Med. 234.

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Mr. URBAN, Rumsgate, Sept. 9. moting the Subscription, and creatiog

S you have always shewn yourself a Fund for the Scholarship, as surely kind, I flatter, myself you will insert there are many) who retains and feels in your valuable montbly publication an affection for his memory, and those the following observations, which, if many amiable virtues and pleasing I.am pot mistaken, are calculaled to qualities which endeared him to all. promote its interest.

who had the happiness of knowing As nothing has a greater tendency him, will be willing to embrace this

excite study and emulation among opportunity of honouring the man the younger Members of a University after death, to whom during life they thad the iustitution and endowment professed an attachment. I here al. of Scholarships, it was a fortapate lude to bis personal, not his political circumstance for the University of friends; for the honourʻresulting from Cambridge, tbat when the Subscribers such a Scholarship I would wish to to the erection of a Statue in honour arise from the circumstance of Mr. of the late Mr. Pitt found they had Fox's acknowledged taste for, and a surplus from their Subscription skill in, Literature ; Dot from his pomoney, they immediately determined litical sentiments or conduct, which to apply it to the iostitution of a have no counexion with the object Scholarship in that University where ip view, and about the merit of which Mr. Pitt had been educated, and that there naturally subsists a

a difference it should be called, after bis name, and variety of opioion, whereas there the Pitt Scholarship. This plan has is no person who can deny his claim been happily carried into execution ; to the distinction of an elegant and if we may judge from the circum, Scholar stance of there having been seventeen I have not, Mr, Urban, suggested Candidates for the Premium attached this proposal of a Scholarship at Oxto the Scholarship at the only election ford in consequence of any partiality which has yet taken place, it promises I feel for that University, since the to be of essential service to the cause fact is, that I neyer was a Member of Literature. When an example has of it; but, as I understand that there been set, if it is a good one, it natu- are fewer Scholarships at Oxford than rally excites a desire to follow it; at Cambridge, it seems much to be aud perhaps I am far from being the regretted, that advantage should not only person who, on this occasion, be taken of such an opportunity of has had his attention drawn from increasing the number. Cambridge to Oxford ; and as the late I am not without hope, that as Mr. Fox, the great political rival of your Magazine is so generally read, Mr. Pitt, was educated at this latter what I have thus ventured to suggest University, and distinguished himself to the atiention of the publick may there, and afterwards, by his fondness meet the eye of sorue person or per: for, and culiivation of, classical learn- sons of rank and character, who have ing, has been led to wish, that the a sufficient regard for the interests of Friends and Patrons of the University learning, aud in particular for its proof Oxford would avail themselves of motion in the University of Oxford, this circunstance, and call on those to induce them to take

active part Noblemen, Gentlemen, and Clergy, in this business, and who had their education at Oxford, Subscription for the institution of the to shew their regard for their Alma Fox Scholarship, to which I shal! Mater, by imitating the example set readily and liberalig subscribe. at Cambridge, and by entering into a A FRIEND TO LITERATURE. Subscription for the institution and endowment of a Scholarship, to be

Mr.URBAN,

Westfelton, Salopa called the Fox Scholarship. The

Sept. 12. benefit that would result to classical Ataken up the subject of Duelling,

S you learving from such an institution, weighs much more with me than the lbeg leave to offer you the substance bonour that would accrue froni il to of a reply made one evening at Ox. the memory of Mr. Fox, though this ford, against an Officer who attempt. circumstance, I should hope, would ed to justify that unmanly and irreli. have a very beneficial effect io pro: gious practice. Should it but tend

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to remove an error from any mis- friend the pest of society-and the taken mind, I shall never deem mis- abhorrence of mankind. You would spent the committing it thus briefly indeed, I say, bave that satisfaction ; to paper:

but that would be a poor satisfaction “ Hear it, ye Senates, hear this truth to the wife who had lost a tender sublime,

husband to the little babes who bad He that allows oppression, shares the lost a good father-and to the society crime.”

DARWIN. that had lost a valuable meinber. “ And so, Sir, you defend Duelling: Such is the satisfaction of the Duelthen you defend what human laws list: such is the reparation for an inforbid, and wbat God abhors: you jury the law would have quietly and defend what is disgraceful to man- justly repaired. Law! (then you say) kind, and destructive to every thing why there are many injuries the Law that is good; what is the bane of observes not; and if it did, could I society, happiness, and honour -- and cowardly wait for its slow operations ? the contempt of religion, liberty, and Suppose a man insults my wife, daughlaw. 'Tis a madman's judgment, and ter, or friend? These, Sir, are ara fool's revenge. - But why, Sir, do guments easily started, and what you

defend it? Because (you say) it thoughtless boys argue over a glass is the refuge of injured honour. Sir, of wine. Sir, they are easily answered. I deny it. Instead of being the re- If the Law deems any injury too trifuge, it is the fatal rock on which vial to observe, does it follow you that honour splits for ever ; it aggra- should punish that injury with death ? vates, not repairs the injury. But I think not. The operations of the what is honour? Honour is the tie Law are iodeed slow, particularly of friendship, love, and society - the when glanced on by the haste of hot. sacred barrier betwixt man and map. headed revenge. But then the wife, And this, when injured, (you say) de. the daughter, and the friend: age, that mands the most rigid satisfaction. must be answered. Why, Sir, I would Sir, I allow it; nor do I think any live to defend them--oot die to leave satisfaction Honour may ask too them unprotected nor kill the much for Honour to give : but that wretch that injured them, for then staking life to life — killing or being even the revenge, you seem so fond -killed-cap repair injured reputation, of, would be at an end. I say, Sir, I common sense absolutely denies. Let would live to see them righted. But us put the case. I am your friend how would you right them? CerL'injure you I will even say inten- tainly, Sir, by some other means than tionally and grossly, by which I for- standing for a villain to shoot at feit my owo houour, and injure yours; But now we will suppose that I you call me out - measure the dis- am the aggressor, and that I received tànce-level, and kill me. Pray, Sir, the challenge; for 1 perceive you how do you feel yourself? Is any think to catch me tripping in that thing added to your repulation--any quarter. Well then, Sir, I say I thing to your peace of mind - any would refuse it, What, in all cases ? thing to your satisfaction? Little, I Yes, in all cases : for even 'was I päls fear, in the opinion of the worthy, pably the aggressor, and "atavillain, and as little in your own. Well ; one would think that common rebut suppose I only injure you unin- morse would withhold me from agtentionally, or you only imagine I gravating my crime by deliberatels injure you (as indeed is most genie- murdering him I bad offended : or rally the case ) down with the pistols that some remaining spark of honour again-and down with your frieod— would prompt me rather to live in whom the next day you find to have disgrace, or die by the just sentence been more truly your friend than you of the Law; for assuredly the balter were aware of. Sweet consolation of the executioner is an honour when But suppose in either of the cases it compared to the pistol of the Duellist. had been your lot to fall; you would, But had I accidentally injured, or to be sure, bare the delightful satis- giveu occasion for a supposition of faction, when expiring, to think on my offence wheo none was inten jed, as. ensuing life of misery-to thiok that suredly would I refuse the challenge I should still live to be stigmatized --come to an explanation, and even as the injurer and murderer of my could I not convince biin of bis error,

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