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North River, Lake Champlain, and the and supper are found on Saturday evening, St. Lawrence, making such communica and next day breakfast, dinner, tea, and tion perfectly easy; and, indeed, the supper, that is, exclusive of liquors; and only deficiency at the commencement of every thing is in profusion and of good hostilities, was the imperfect state of the quality; so that an American steain-bont boat on the St. Lawrence, and that only is in fact a moving hotel of the very first affected one line, the cominunication be class, in which faunilies may be contween the other two places being regular veyed hundreds of miles, at a moderate in the season; viz. when the waters were expence, without trouble, fatigue, or not frozen.

danger. In this country, however, our Why they should be called boats, I rivers are not of that character or inascannot surmise; the Paragon, the last nitude to admit of their establishment to one launched at New York, just before the same extent, nor are they so necessary. war was declared, is the length of a first There is, by the bye, a gpecies of rate man-of-war; and although not wide ferry steam boat, or rather fivatinga in proportion, still the deck is very spa bridge, lately constructed at New York, cious. I cannot recollect the precise die and which runs between that city and mensions, but as two tables can be laid on the Jersey shore, likely to be of more it for the accommodation of upwards of200 practical use in tnis country, in such sia persoais, with sufficient room for the atten tuations, for jostance, as between Tila dants, &c. some idea of it may be formed. bury Fort and Gravesend; or wherBelow these are four cabins, two before

cominon finating-bridge would and two behind the steam-engine, which, interfere with the navigation. I sulas with the kitchen, occupies the centre. join a sketch from memory of the one ac The after-cabins are very elegantly fitted New York, and, with a description, it up, with beds, &c. The distance from, may convey to your readers some idea New York to Albany is about 160 miles: of the most cominode: method of cross. the boats which leave New York at five ing a wide river iiks the Iurison ;

the P.M. on Saturday, alınost to a certainty chistance acro:s the ferry being a mile reach Albany by twelve on Sunday night and a quarter, which is goi over its The fare is seven dollars, for which tea fifteen or twenty minutes.

ever a

This bridge is a large platform laid on On each side the river there is a wharf, two boats, attached together side by side, so constructed as to receive and break yet so as to admit the single wheel, the concussion of this immense body, which moves the whole, to work between and to prevent the necessity of its turna them; and the machinery is completely ing, it is furnished with a moveable ruda inclosed in a wooden building in the der at each end. It is considered so centre of this platform, so that the pas. safe, that people seldom get out of their sengers, cattle, carriages, &c. are ac carriages; and the uncommon advana commodated on the railed gallery all tage resulting from this improvement round it. A troop of mounted cavalry, . was so evident and eminently acknowor 500 foot passengers, at one time has ledged, that it was in contemplation crossed on this bridge; and I saw my, immediately, that is, eighteen months self between 70 and 80 head of catile ayo, to construct similar conveyances drove into it, and they did not occupy between New York and Long Island, que side, and scarcely gave it a heel. across what is called the East river, and

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which

PÅ Constant READER. L Edinburgh

very solemna

War.-One-horse Coaches.-- Population. [Feb. 1, which has, most likely, been done by For the Monthly Magazine. this time; and I hope these hints, POPULATION of FIFTY of the PRINCIPAL through your useful and widely circula TOWN's in ENGLAND and SCOTLAND, ting miscellany, may lead to the estah. from the REPORT lately printed by Ore lishment of someiling of the kind on der of the Fouse of Lop.Ds. some of our rivers.

ONDON

.... 1,009,546

102,987 January 6, 1814.

Glasgow

100,749 Manchester

98,573 To the Edilor of the Monthly Magazine.

Liverpool....

94,976 Birmingham

85,753 SIR,

Bristol

71,279 ERMIT me to intrude on the atten

Leeds..

62,53+ tion of your readers the

Plymouth and Dock.

56,060 subject of var; and to submit to their Portsmouth and Portsea. 40,567 cosisideration whether a Christian can be Norwich.

•37,256 a solidier, or whether war can be defende Greenwich and Deptford. • 36,780 ed on Christian principles.

Sheffield..

35,840 The following texis taken from the Bin Nottingham

•34,253 ble seem to condemn war, viz. “ Thon Bath..

31,496 shalt noi kill. Vo killer hath eternal Dundee.

29,616 Hile abiding in him.-- From whence come

Kewcastie-upon-Tyne

.: 27,587 Ilull

26,792 tvars and fightings among you; come they

Great and Little Bolton

24,149 310€ from your lusts ix-Resist not evil.

Coventry

23,787 See that none render evil for evil to any. Leicester

• 23,146 Be nol overcome of evil, but over

Rochester and Chatham

• 21,729 eome evil with good.m-Some affirm that

Aberdeen

•21,639 ve say, let us do evil that good may come, Paisley

19,937 xvhuse damnation is just.-Averige not Grecuock

19,043 yourselves, but give place unto wrath

Exeter

• 18,896 Cursed is the man that trusteth in mar, Shrewsbury

18,543 and maketh flesh bis ara. --Casting all York

18,217 Great Yarmouth

17,977 your care upon him, for he careth for you.

17,515 lle was ler as a lamb to the slaughter. Stockport

l'reston --Christ suffered, leaving us an example

17,065 Perth

• 16,9-13 that ye should follow his steps.” And

Wenlock

16,805 killing stands light in the N. T. lists of

Oldham

- 16,690 the most heinous sins,

Chester

• 10,140 I mighe produce other texts of the same Blackburo .

15,083 kind, more sinking than many of the above; Wolverisampton

•14,856 hor thiese, if not to be controverted, are

Wigan

14,060 sufficient to appal a soldier whose con• Sedgely

13,957 science respects the word of God. Dudley

13,995 OMICRON. Worcester

..13,1 Old Machars, Aberdeenshire •19,731 Ipswich

13,670 To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Derby.

19,043 SIR,

Oxford

•12,931 OUHAUD las published recently a Colchester

12,544 Description of Paris in the nineteenth Carlisle .

• 12,531 century. Among other things, he conse Sunderland

• 12,284 crates an entire chapter to hired carriages, Warrington

• 13,733 and notices the great increase of one Walsall

11,189 borse hacks. Cabriolets, shut ар post-chaises, with glass-windows, mounta To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, ed on two wheels, drawn by one borse, SIR, and attended by a boy, who drives on a stool attached to the shaft, bland in every of the grand Caledonian canal, now street within call, and are preferred to carrying on from Inverness to Fort Wil. four-wheel carriages, because they carry liam, on so great a scale as to adınit a one or two passengers clieaper and quick- frigate of thirty-six guns to go tbrough it: er, either by the hour or by the distance. but I lave been given to understand, Surely this establishment might deserve that some captains of the navy have said, Imitation in Loudun, Y no captaiu would yndertake to conduce

ship

like our

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SIR,

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a ship of war through it; if so, what is for instance, (a peculiarly warm spoi) its use, and why throw away so great à there has recently been inade an exteita sum of money as that which I have been sive embankment; the exhalations froin told it has cost, on that which will never which are likely to insect, not only the be of any essential service to the pro town itself, but every vale in the vicinity. posed end? The Cyclopedia of Dr. Indeed miasmata will occasionally rise Rees says, that above 553,0001. will high enough to reach elevated situations ; have been already expended upon it up this has sometimes been the case at Coto May 1812. This part of the kingdom rinth: and all places thus infected, if we would be much more suitable for such may credit Galen, are visiter during the an undertaking by government, and latter part of summer, and till the av. more likely to pay some interest, than tumnal rains have fallen, with phthisical through by Fort Williain and Augustus ; complaints, agues, intermitting foreisg as this country, or rather the line through jaundice, and dropsy, ! which it would run, is full of coal, lime, The antidotes to mularia are, however, lead, iron, stone, &c. &c. and unquesti- easily obtained, and, generally speaking, onably the shortest voyage for the Irish effectual. They consist of lime-kilns and ships to the Baltic, as well as those windmills, within the precincts of newise from Liverpool.

malle embankments,plantations of hayani

G. S. Newcastle, Nov. 1, 1813.

lime-trees, * active cultivation, and, above

all, capacious drains, the beds of whicha To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. should be continually cleansed, by the

admission of running water. VHE chief amusement of my life is. Precautions like these, according to British travellers, I set out to explore nary of Latium, in the early ages of the foreign countries, ere I had made myself republic: but it should be remembered properly acquainted with my own. The that the Emissarii, or great drains of the result of this proceeding, however, was, Romans, were so conducicd as to ensure it that I saw and examined, among other constant and plentiful current of water things, the various regions of the Crne Rowing through them: indeed, the Cloaca tinent infected by Maluria ; and anxious Maxima at Rome is said to have been to trace the cause of a pest which depo. washed by three streams resembling pulated, according to Pliny, three and rivers. thirty cities on the Poutine marshes, I If these observations, founded on the threw together a few hasty observations, experience of ages, should prove benefisvbich I am induced to publish in your cial to the owners of newly made ema excellent Magazine ; because, since my bankments, and to the persons why rpm return to England, I have observed, on side in their neighbourhood, a great pleatravelling through its various counties, sure will be added to those I have already the rage for making embankments daily experience from being increase.

Devon, Jan. 1. A TRAVELLER. It certainly is natural, nay even commendable, iii tinies like the present, that To the Editor of the Bonthly Magazine every father of a famjiy should wish to augment the number of his acres: but

REQUEST you

will insert, for the embankments cannot prove advantageous

T

benefit of the public, a mode, which to their owners, unless the newly-gained I have long practisel, of procuring plenty ground be made healthy. Every person of new-laiil eggs at Christmas. who considers the suliject, must admit Let the bens be put upon eggs as early that decaying Organizeul matter contained in the year as possible, ut later that within new embankme!its, (especially March. A huich should be made for the those which border on the sea) becomes hen and chickens, l1 incises fond, 12 putrid when rain rapidly succeeds a hoc

* Herodian Intorms is that Commodus summer, so that not only the recently enclosed ground, but all the neighbour. retired to Laurentium dorio: ilse plagne. hood, must, unless proper precautions de

as the ser-air, perfumed by the colour of taken, become unvholesome. Exhala: bay-trees, was considered as an anticiute to

malaria.----llralian, lib. i. 96. tions from swamps and marshes are

'The Romans are said to have thought the kuqen to produce miasmata, even in the neighbourhood of lime-trees so comieive to eastern and northern parts of England. health, that, to increase the rapidity of their Whar, therefore, must be their eilect in growth, they frequently nourished iiie roots elke western counties? Near Ex'youth, of these trees with wine.

inches

SIR,

50 Eggs at Christmas-Quack Medicines.--Highland Blades. [Feb. 1, inches wide, and 18 high, divided in the denominate sorcery and witchcraft are not middle, so that half may be open and described by the word pagséweetco Ic half very close; let down a door to keep might be rendered quackery.

R. them very warın in the night, and when it is rainy, or very cold; if made light, it to the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. may easily be put under sheller.

SIR, Mhe chickens are to be fed with plenty INoured ero shew that Mr. Bennett

N number 229, 223I of boiled eggs for 12 or 14 days; if 100 much relaxed, eyes are at all times a was in an error when he asserted that the Speedy cure. Chickens batched early Asiatic sabres were superior to the Euwill be nearly as large as the hen by Miri ropean, especially in the tempering of the summer, and in November and Decem- blade; I instanced one particular artist, her will always lay plenty of eggs, and even in the highlands of Scotland, wlio will want to sit upon eggs very early the appeared to me to he a positive proof to Dext apring; this will produce an early the contrary, not to be controverted. b:eed of poulery. The best fuwls for lay- It is well known that the higiMandmen Bligare vot very large, and the white are to this day good swordsmen. And ones do not lay so well in coli weather. there can be no doubt that they would.

Poultry should roosi very warm in win. kcep that valuable art alive among them ter, and in summer the house should have from one generation to another; I mean air, and be cleaned every week. Many the tempering of the sword blades, which die through drinkin, dirty water. An gained them so much renown in former earthenware fountain keeps the water ages. clean, and preserves their health in hot But after all that can be said about weather. After three years hens cast that instrument, which exclusively betheir feathers later and later every year, longs to even-handed justice, what are and are hardly in fuil feather until De- our swords and sabres of the present day cember or January; seldom lay eggs un but as mere skewers, or Lung-kail-gullies, til March or April; and then only 20 or when compared with those of our IlenSo in the season.

rys, and our Edwards; of William WalBy the above method 6 hens will lay lace, and of Robert Bruce ? soine of mire eggs than 12 in the usual way. which are to this day still exhibited in Feb. 12, 1819.

J. S. old towers and castles as objects of great

curiosity. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Having occasion to be in the country,

a considerable distance from London, NFIDELS have complained that the some little time ago, iny cu;iosity led me

Christian religion, by exciting exces to visit some of the old casites, where, sire alarms about the fuiure condition of amongoiber things, the ssvords of Edward, the soul, drives men into sispiritude: and of Wallace, and of Bruco, were shown to progressively occasions seriousness, love the inquisitive stranger as some of the raspirits, liypochondriasis, and insanity. To rities and antiquities of the place. And resist these tendencies men liave recourse I observed that although they had knot to strong drinks, and stimulant drugs; been itsed for so many ayes, yet the rust and ilius bring on themselves intempé- had made no inroads into their well-temräte and expensive liabits. It would be pered blades. The iron bilts or handles well to find, in the christian canol, an were indeed much decayed, and nearly peadequate preservative against indulgences risted. Is it probable that the best tem. so pernicious; and, in wur iinproved ver- pered modern sword-blades, or even Mr. siuns, to render age XSCO, not by the Bernett's favourite Asiatic sabres, will word sorcery, (Galatians, v. 20,) which it endure for so many hundred years, as ill represents, but by the word dram- those of our ancestors, wiiliout corros drinking, or tobacco smoaking. Although ding ? distiller spirits and American leares were Fieet-street. yet unknown, there were poison-inixers, its they were callesi, in all the great cities, To the Editor of the monthly Magazine who sold various intoxicating drugs and SIR, drink, analogous to uur West Indian to T has often occurred to me in the bacco and rum. It is this artise of intes: IT

reading of your valuable Magazine, icating drugs, of opiates, of philtres, and where in all neiv works are announced, aphrodisiacs, against which the apostle that I have never once seen any prohere inveighs. The practices ilich we spectus given out for the publication, in

SIP,

CRISPIN.

1814.] Early Histories---Provincial Dialects. - Parsonage-Houses. 31 an English dress, of our old original called respectively rig and fur; 214 :1 historians, as Mathew Paris, William of ublique furrow for ca..yang Malmesbury, the Decem Scriptores, &c. water is a gaw.fur. A but we are cantalised with quotations brechum; å back-band is i in 2':.;. from them, that make us the more de- horse trees for plouglis and analysis sirous to see the whole of the original, swingle irecs. Oats are uits, or yirió which most certainly would find a ready barley usually beur; vig, is rouille brur; sale; not perhaps if they are printed in peas piz. A set of armsuings is the extravagant manner of Hollingshead, called a stead, or siecinó, che stranFroissart, and some other late reprints, yard is the courtin; and skis uit: naredi with one half of the book margin, and hemmels. The cow-house is call i byre; paper of the thickness of pasteboard. and the farın house is ofien banied te Newcastle, Dec. 10, 1813. G. A. N. ha, or hall.

OBSERVATOR,

Kelso, Sept. 10, 1813.
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
SIR,

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
IT
Twould be a pleasing and useful SIR,
feature of your inimitable miscellany, I classes of non-resident incumbents,

N the abstract of the number and if your correspondents in different coun. ties, were to send you a list of provine und of the number of resident incuina cialisms, and peculiarities of pronuncia- bents, according to the diocesan returns tion and dialect; and I shall set them for 1811, among other causes of nonan example, by sending for insertion, aç residence, was the want or uniwc:ss your convenience, the following partie of the parsonage-houses. The number culars of the dialect of the border coun of parishes in this condition, in each ties immediately north of the 'Tweed. diocese, inerits record in your valuable The most inarked peculiarity in the miscellany.

EPISCOPUS. dialect of Berwickshire is in the pronun

London, Dec. 1, 1813, ciation of the ch, which is usually sofien- Licenseil Non-residents from the want or ed into sh, as a skire for a chair. Yet unfitness of the Parsonage-houses. the sound of sh is sometimes hardened St. Asaph by the prefixion of a t, as tshop for shop; Pangor.,

*72 and tchuise for chaise. It singularly hap- Bath and Wells

Bristel pens that the Northumberland bur, or

Canterbury parler gras, never in the least overleaps

Carlisle the boundary between Scotland and

Chester England, and consequently has not the

Chichestor smallest existence in Berwickshire.

St. David's A few common terms of the ordinary Duham provincial dialect may amuse. cheep, the ram is called tup; and tup Exeter bamb, wether lamb, wether hog, and Gloucester

35 dimnont, express the different ages.

Hereford In female sheep, the ewe lamb, ewe hog, Landaff.... gimmer, and ewe, express their different Lichfield and Coventry

200 ages. Of black catile, a young ox and Liucolu.

London.
heifer are usually named steer and stirk;
the latter is often called a quay or quey. Oxford

Norwich
A young gelding is often called a slaig, Peterborougli

3.4. and a stallion is sometimes called a cus Rochester.... sor, probably corrupted from courser, or Salisbury

30 War horse.

Winchiester Formerly, in speaking to their horses, Worcester carters employed hup and wind in order York

74 ing thein to either side, now mostly highwo and jee; and in calling to stop used

Total

1,068 the incuinmunicable sound of prroo, now BO, or woy. In calling a cow to be To the Editor of the Monthly Ragazine. inilked, hove, hove, often repeated, is

SIR, the ordinary expression; anciently in Illime places where steam-boats lave

T appears to mentioning the Lobians this was prrutchy, and prrutchy lady A ridge or land, and the furrow, arę

47 of these without licence.
?

been

18 18

15

11 43 13 35 14 14

In inale Ely

13 17

*83

S7

165

12

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