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The Reader is defired to excuse and correlt the following Mistakes in Volume II. wbich were occasioned by the Autbor's Distance from the Press:
In tbe Calendar opposite Sept. 9. add: S. Gorgonius, M.-P. 144.. 1. 25. for their respective, r, in their respective.
-?. 148. I. 32. for p. xxix. r. p. xxiv.-P. 167. 1. 17. for cælis, r. cæli.--P. 197. 1. 17. for the same under, r. under the same.-P. xvii. l. 36. after again, add: with glory.- 1b. l. 35. after ventarus eft, add: cum. gloriâ.-P. xlv. l. 4. dele omnes.-P. clv. l. 10. for tredidfti, ra credidifti.-P.cclxvi. l. 20. for we humbled, r. were humbled.P. ccxci. l. 23. for Qui, r, Quia.
DIRECTIONS for understanding the Calen
DAR, and ordering the Celebration of the DIVINE OFFICE.
THE Office every day is either Double, Se.
midouble, Simple, or of the Feria. Of Doubles, (so called because the Anthems are repeated entire both before and after the Psalms ab Vespers) fome are of the first Class, marked thus in the Calendar, D. 1 Cl. others of the second Class, and are marked thus, D. 2 Cl. others are greater Doubles, marked with a capital D. others Common Doubles, marked with a common d.
2. Doubles are always kept on the day marked in the Calendar, unless they chance to fall on fomnc Sunday of the firft Class, fome privileged Feria, or within certain Octaves, which take place of the Festivals : In which case they are transferred to the first day not taken up with a Double or Semidouble.
The Sundays of the firft Class, which take place of all Doubles whatsoever, are,
The fir/ Sunday of Advent; the first Sunday of Lent; Pafion-Sunday; Palm-Sunday; Eajler-Sunday; Low-Sunday; IV hitsunday; Trinity-Sunday.
The Sundays of the second Class, which take place also of all Doubles, except those of the first Class, and of which, in that case, a Commemoration is made at Mass and in both Vespers, are, the Second, Third, and Fourth of Advent; Septuagefima, Sexagesima, and Quinquagesima; the Second, I hird, and Fourth of Lent.
The Ferias, which enjoy the same privilege as Sundays of the first Class, are, Afb-Wednesday; all A 2
Holy-Week; Whitsun-Eve; the whole Octaves of Easter and Whitsuntide.
In like manner, within the Octave of the Epiphany, no feast less than a firft Class can be kept.
On all other Sundays of the year, if a Double chance to occur, it is kept with a Commemoration of the Sunday at Mass, and at Vefpers too, except the following day be a feast of the first Class.
3. A Semidouble (so called because only part of the Anthem is faid before each Pfalm at Vespers) is marked in the Calendar thus, fem. and occurring on any Sunday whatsoever, is put off to the first vacant day; that is, the first day on which there is neither Double nor Semidouble marked in the Calendar. The fame is to be observed with regard to all Semidoubles occurring within the Octave of Corpus Chrifti.
4. Simples have no mark in the Calendar, and are never transferred; but if they fall on a Sunday, or on any other day, when the office cannot be laid of them, a Commemoration is made at the first Vefpers, and at Mass; unless it be a Feast of the firf Glass, (on which no notice is taken of Simples) or of the second Class, in which case a Commemoration of them is made in the first Vejpers, and at Low Mafs only.
5. The following Ferias, called Greater Ferias, take place of all Simples, and there is only a Commemoration made of them at Mass, viz. the Ferias of Advent and of Lent, the Ember-Days, Tuesday in Rogation-Week. A Commemoration is also made of the Ferias of Advent and Lent at Vespers and Mass, whatever feast happens; but, of the Ember-Days and Tuesday in Rogation-Week, only at Mass.
6. If a Vigil happens within an Octave, the Mass is of the Vigil with a Commemoration of the OEtave, unless there be a Double or Semidouble feast that day; in which case the Mass is of the feast with a Com
memoration of the Oetave and of the Vigil: But if a Vigil occur on a feast of the first Class, there is no Commemoration made of it.
If a Festival, that hath a Vigil, fall on a Monday, the Mass of the Vigil is said on the foregoing Saturday, except the Vigil of Christmas and of the Epiplany.
If a Vigil happen in Advent, the Mass is of the Vigil with a Commemoration of the Feria, except the Vigil of Christmas.
If a Vigil happen in Lent, or on an Ember-Day, the Mass is of the Feria with the Commemoration of the Vigil.
In the Pafchal-time there is no office of a Vigil, except that of the Ascension-Eve, which however is
7. When a Double of the first or second Class (which is a holiday of obligation, printed in the Calendar in CAPITALS) falling on any day, is to be transferred, the obligation of the holiday is never transferred, but the faithful are obliged to afist at Mafs on the day marked in the Calendar.
8. When several festivals have been translated from their proper days, they are afterwards to be kept in this order: First those that are Doubles, and then those that are Semidoubles; and among the Doubles or Semidoubles, those, whose proper days first occurred, are to be kept first.
9. Upon all Doubles one COLLECT, SECRET, and POSTCOMMUNION only is faid; except it happens on a Sunday, or within fome Oftate, or upon fome Vigil, or in the time of Lent or Advent, or except it occurs with some Simple: In all which cases two COLLECTS, &c. are said, one of the Double, the other of the Sunday, Oilave, & cu
10. Upon Sundays and all Semidoubles are said three COLLECTS, SECRETS, and POSTCOMMUNJONS; excepting Sundays, which occur within an
Ostave, on which are said only two CollecTS, &c. one of the Sunday, the other of the Octave.
11. The second and third COLLECTS, SECRETS, and POSTCOMMUNIONS, to be said on Sundays and Semidoubles in the different seasons of the year, are specified in their proper places.
12. Upon Semidoubles occurring within OEtaves, or on Vigils, &c. the second COLLECT, Secret, and POSTCOMMUNION are a Commemoration of the Oetave or Vigil; and the third of the Blessed Virgin Mary: But, within the Octaves of the Blersed Virgin, the third is of the Holy Ghost.
13. On Semidoubles in Advent, the second ColLECT, SECRET, and PosTCOMMUNION are the COLLECT, &C. of the foregoing Sunday; the third of the Blefled Virgin Mary.
14. Upon Simples and Ferias three COLLECTS, &c. are said; but, if the Priest please, he may say five or seven, to be taken out of the Divers Prayers in the Common.
15. Upon week-days, which have no proper office, nor any saint's day occurring thereon, the Mass is of the foregoing Sunday; excepting Saturdays out of Lent, when the Mass is of our Lady on Saturday, taken out of the Votive Masses according to the season of the year: And our Lady on Saturday takes place of a Simple, of which only a Commemoration is made.
16. Upon days within Ofaves, when no proper Mass is assigned, the Mass is said as on the feast, with three COLLECTS, &C.N.B. The days within Oétaves are kept as Semidoubles only.
17. Maffes of Requiem, or of the Dead, cannot be laid on Doubles, unless the corpse be present. On All-Souls, on the day of the decease or burial, only one COLLECT, &c. is faid, in Common Mases for the Dead, three