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sexes should be so wisely ordered as to make it a school of the kind affections, and a fit nursery for the commonwealth.” P. 41.

Never was there so able a vindication of these institutions ; indeed, never before was it necessary, as they had never been exposed to so open and daring attacks.

On the subject of property Mr. Mackintosh considers the foundation of ihe rights of acquisition, alienation, and transmision, in their subserviency to the subsistence and well-being of mankind ; and proposes“ to trace the history of property from the first loose and transient occupancy of the savage, through all the modifications which it has at different times received, to that comprehensive, subtle, and anxiously minute code of property, which is the last result of the most refined civilization." P. 42.

He proposes the same order in considering the society of the sexes, as it is regulated by the institution of marriage; first, to lay open those unalterable principles of general interest on which that institution rests ; next, the history of marriage through its various forms, until its present state in the most civilized societies.

“ Among (he says,) many other enquiries which this fubject will suggest, I shall be led more particularly to examine the natural station and duties of the female sex, their condition among different nations, its improvement in Europe, and the bounds which nature herself has prescribed to the progress of that improvement, beyond which every pretended advance will be a real degradation.” P. 43.

Having established the principles of private duty, Mr. Mackintosh proceeds, thirdly, to consider the important relation of subject and Sovereign ; but this admirable portion of his work we shall consider in our next number, wherein we shall conclude one of the ablest and most important articles that has been the subject of criticism.

(To be continued.)


Art. X. The Shade of Alexander Pope, on the Banks of the

Thames : a Satirical Poem, with Notes. Occafioned chiefly, but not wholly, by the Residence of Henry Grattan, Ex-Representative in Parliament for the City of Dublin, at Twickenham, in November, 1798. By the Author of Pursuits of Literature.

8vo. Pp. 86. Price 2s. 6d. Becket, London. 1799. THE "HE author tells us, in his preface, that “this Poem was chiefly occasioned by the perusal of Dr. Patrick Duigenan's Answer to


the Address of Mr. Grattan to his fellow-citizens of Dutlin.” Of that publication we gave a faithful account in the first number of our Review; and a re-perusal of it has only tended to confirm our opinion of the soundness of its arguments, and of its beneficial tendency. We very much lament that it has not been re-published in this coun. try, and circulated as extensively as, from its importance, it unques. tionably deserves to be.

The bard represents the Shade of Pope as rising; indignant, at the intrusion of the Hibernian patriot on his favourite recreat, and addreffing him in fuch terms as are appropriate to the indignation which he is supposed to feel. The following strains of interrogation will afford an apt specimen of the spirit and tendency of the whole :

“ Whence, and what art thou, Grattan ? Has the shock,
And terror low'ring o'er the fable rock,
Hurl'd thee astounded with tumultuous fears,
From Ireland's mutter'd curse, from Ireland's tears?
For thee no vistos ope, no friendly glade,
No Muse invites thee to my sacred shade ;
No airs of peace from heav'n thy presence greet ;
Blasts from Avernus, in respondence meet,
Hoarse through the leafless branches howl around,
And birds of night return the obscener sound.

“ From thee, whate'er thy fame, I spurn all praise ;
My lyre ne'er answer'd to Rebellion's lays :
With other lore my purer groves resound,
With other wreaths these temples once were bound;
Nor shall my green sepulchral laurel stand
By Gallic mercy, and a Marian hand.

“ Hence, and thy baffled Gallic jargon try
On coward Naves, in abject tyranny :
Know, thy twice.conquer'd* Britons still advance ;
No chains from Pitt they fear, or humbled France ;
From their beft source each mingled blessing draw,
Content with freedom, property, and law;
Secure they own their monarch's rightful rod,
His friend, the people ; his Creator, God.”+ Pp. 22-24.

It has not fallen to our lot to review this well-known Address of Mr. Grattan, of which it is no injustice to say, that it is at once the

* « The English have been conquered, first, by the Minister, and afterwards, by the French.” Henry Gratian's Address to his Fela low.Citizens of Dublin, P. 37

+ “ In the people it would only be rebellion against their creature (the King); in the other (i. e. in the King) it would be rebellion against bis creator, the people.” Grattan, P. 12, NO. IX. VOL. II.



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most contemptible and the most profligate production to which any man, who had a reputation to lose, ever dared to prefix his name. It is replete with the most wanton misrepresentation of facts; the moft inexcusable ignorance of every principle of government; and the most scandalous attempts to inflame the minds of the populace, by the most flagrant impostures, and the most mischievous deceptions. Folly and presumption feem to dispute the pre-eminence in every page; and the whole work is worthy the confidential adviser of Neilson and Hughes.

The notes to this poem are more voluminous than the text, and some of them contain many judicious observations, which lead us to regret that the author does not more frequently employ himself in profe-compositions. In the book before us, the prose has certainly much more merit than the verse; the latter is marked by no particular beauties, and, in some parts, is lame, languid, and obscure ; while the former displays soundness of principle, and, with few exceptions, accuracy of judgement. The remarks on Godwin, and his philosophy, are particularly pertinent and just. The brief obfervations on feinale writers we shall extract:

“ It is unpleafunt to criticize, even in the gentlest manner, the works of the female pen. We have ladies of ingenuity, learning, and of every varied excellence; I would name Mrs. Carter, and Mrs. Hannah More, in the most eminent sense. The genius of the authoress of the Elegy on Captain Cook, the poetry of Mrs. Charlotte Sinith, and the lombrous fancy and high-wrought imagery of Mrs. Radcliffi, cannot be mentioned without admiration. But when female writers forget the character and delicacy of their sex; when they take the trumpet of democracy, and let loose the spirit of gross licentiousness, moral and political, in contempt of thofe laws which are their best field, and of that religion which has invariably befriended and protected them ; the duty which is owing to the defence of our country, and of all female virtue, comfort, and happiness, calls for strong inimadverfiou. When their softness is laid aside, when they appear as the Minervas of the modern illuminated systems, and the Bellonas of France; in such cases men must be excused, if they would avoid destruction even from their writings.” Pp. 51, 52.

On the preposterous attempt of modern philosophists, both French and Englih, to fanétion their vile democratical principles, by the facred authority of the New Testament, the author's remarks are equally judicious :

" I would yet add a few words on these modern philosophers. They sometimes tell us, sneering, and in scorn, that the code of Christians is the code of equaliry. They have attempted to shew this more than once. But surely we may alk, what is the equality held forth in the Christian Scriptores ? Is it not the equality of the crea. fures before the Creator ? The equality of men before God, and not before each other. They every where speak of the distinctions and


fanks in society. They ordain tribute to be paid to whom tribute is due ; custom to whom custom, honour to whoin honour ; and they speak of all lawful power as derived from God. The great Founder of it himself acknowledged the image and superscription of Cæfar. His Apostles declare the gradations of power, delegated by authority; they speak of submission to the ordinances of inan, for the Lord's fake ; to the King, as Supreme ; to Governors and Magistrates, as unto them who are sent by him. Is this the political equality of the boasted deliverers or oppressors of the world? How long shall we fuffer the tyrant, the blafphemer, the disorganizing Sophist, to triumph and to deceive us ?” Pp. 63, 64.

We have more than once had occasion to censure the practice of importing the dramatic productions of the German school, which are almost invariably tainted with the poison of Jacobinism. How, indeed, can it be otherwise, when German literature is in the state in which we truly represented it to be, in the observations on the foreign press, prefixed to the Appendix to our first Volume ? On this topic the bard makes some proper comments :

“No Congress props our Drama's falling state,
The modern ultimatum is, « Translate.'
Thence sprout the morals of the German school ;
The Christian sinks, the Jacobin bears rule :
No virtue shines, but in the peasant's mien,
No vice, but in patrician robes, is seen ;*

“ The modern productions of the German stage, which filly men and women are daily translating, have one general tendency to Jacobinisın. Improbable plots, and dull scenes, bombastic and languid prose alternately, are their least defects. They are too often the licensed vehicles of immorality and licentioufncfs, particularly in respect to marriage ; and it should be remarked in the itrongest manner, that all good characters are chiefly and Atudiously drawn from the lower orders; while the vicious and profligate are feldom, if ever, repre. sented but among the higher ranks of society,+ and among men of property and poffetlions. This is not done without design.

It is, indeed, time to consider a little, to what and to whom we give our applause, in an hour of such general danger as the present. The Stage surely has the most powerful effect on the public mind. The author of The School for Scandal, with the purest and most patriotic intentions, long ago endeavoured to make dilhonesty, gam. bling, deep drinking, debauchery, and libertinism, appear amiable and attracting in his character of Charles Surface; and the German Doctors of the sock and buskin are now making no indirect attacks on the very fundamentals of society and established government, fubora dination, and religious principle; the vaunt-couriers of French anarchy, national plunder, and general mifery.”

† « This observation will be fwund in our account of " Lover's Vows." Vol. I. P. 480.- Reviewer. LI 2


Through four dull acts the Drama drags, and drawis
The fifth is stage-trick, and the curtain falls.

“Lo next, where deep within that civic wood,
(No balm the trees diftil, but luftral blood,)
An altar stands : there Tooke his emblems lays,
Shoes," razors, constitutions, straps, and stays;
M'Cormick'st libel; Wakefield's fanguine gall;
Pitt's rise pourtrav’d, and the Third Charles's fall;
Historic fcraps of Brunswick or Berlin,
From flimfy Tow'rs, and Belham's Magazine,
There Porfon, who the tragic light relumes,
And Bentley's heat with Bentley's port affumes;

* “ The insignia of Citizen Hardy, Citizen Kingsbury, Citizen Thelwall, Citizen Tom Paine, &c. &c. and all those philosophers, fcribblers, and lecturers, who serve us

"In a double Copacity, to preach and cobble." + “Life of Edinund Burke by M'Cormick.”

# " Two Pair of Portraits, of two Fathers and two Sons, by John Horne Tooke.” See the former Numbers of our Review.REVIEWER.

“ Mr. Belham and Dr. Towers, two diffenting Compilers of some information and ingenuity, who would be thought Historians.• They make lame mischief, but they mean it well.”

l « Richard Porson, M. A. The most learned and acute Greek fcholar of the present age. I allude to his late accurate and most valuable editions of the Hecuba, and Oreites of Euripides, whole integral works may be expected from the Professor. He modestly says, that they are published in usum ftudiofæ Juventutis,' or, as I suppose, for the use of schools and Tyros.* But his notes and remarks are not adapted to school-boys, to their wants, or their comprehension. He might as well have published them for the use of the Mamalukes in Egypt, or Buonaparte's Satans. The Professor should condescend to give some more general illustrations, and a selection of the Greek Scholia, if he would confer a reai favour, as it is in his power

do to, on the Masters of the Schools and the Tators of Col. leges. I hope he will proceed in this important revifion, and per. haps effect the final establishment of the Greek text of all the Tragedians. This he can du, or no man. Ile will be entitled to the public gratitude of the learned world..--Such a man, so gifted, so instructed, so adorned with various science, I could wish to number among the defenders of the best interests of his country. But at prefent, most unfortunately, in many of our learned men there is, in regard to subjects of political and facred importance, a fomething, which, in the phrase of Hamlet, • Doth all the noble substance often dout.t? Why is it so ?" “ Tironum usibus potiflimum destinata.” Prefat. ad Hecubam, P. 3. † “ Malone's reading of the passage.”


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