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of Cambridge, to be educated for the church; and another every seven years to that of Oxford. The following is a recent annual return:
Children put forth Apprentices
Children under care of the Hospital
To be admitted on Presentation As a building, Christ's Hospital is very extensive, and consists of various irregular parts. The south front, adjoining Newgate Street, is ornamented with Doric pilasters and a statue of the founder: but so confined is the general situation of the buildings, that it is only in an area before Christ-Church, to which there is a passage from Newgate Street, that this front can be fully seen. The ancient cloisters serve as a thoroughfare for foot-passengers, and as a place for the boys to amuse themselves in during wet weather.
The great Hall is a spacious room, in which the boys breakfast, dine, and sup. It was built after the great fire of London, at the sole charge of Sir John Frederic, alderman of London, and cost 5000l. On one side, at the upper end, is a very large picture by Verrio, representing James II. surrounded by his nobles, receiving the president, governors, and many of the children of the hospital. In this picture are half-lengths of Edward VI. and Charles II. represented suspended to the wall as portraits. Another painting exhibits Edward VI. delivering the charter of the hospital to the Lord Mayor and Aldermen, who are in their robes, and kneeling. Near the King is Bishop Ridley. A new and commodious hall is now building from the designs of John Shaw, Esq. Architect. The Duke of York laid the foundation stone in April 1825.
In the spacious apartment, where the governors meet, called the Court-Room, are portraits of Edward VI. by Holbein, and of the chief benefactors to the hospital. In another room, the interior of which is entirely faced with stone, are kept the records, deeds, and other writings, of the hospital. One of the books is the early record of the hospital; it contains an anthem sung: by the first children, very beautifully illuminated, according to the custom of the time.
The permanent revenues of Christ's Hospital are great, arising from royal and private donations in houses and lands; and by a grant from the City, the governors license the carts allowed to ply within its limits, to the number of 420, and their owners pay a small sum for such license. The expenditure is immense, being at present about 30,000l. per annum, of which 1300l. is paid in salaries to the officers and servants of the foundation.
The governors are unlimited in their number, being usually benefactors to the hospital, or persons of considerable importance, associated with the Lord Mayor and Corporation, who are Governors, by the charter: a donation of 400l. makes a governor. The Governors have been made trustees to other extensive charities, by their several founders, and amongst them is one of 10. a-year each, for life, to 400 blind men.
The greater part of the buildings belonging to this noble institution being, in a state of considerable decay, the Governors have lately resolved to rebuild the whole.
Charter House, Charter-house Square.-This institution, the name of which is a corruption of the French word Chartreux, was formerly, as that term signifies, a priory for monks of the Carthusian order; but, in the year 1611, the building was converted, by Thomas Sutton, Esq. into a magnificent hospital, for a master, preacher, head schoolmaster, second master, forty-four boys, and eighty decayed gentlemen, who had been merchants, or military men. He endowed this foundation with lands, worth, at that time, about 4500l. per annum, the income from which is, of course, now immensely increased. The boys are instructed in classical learning, and the pensioners allowed 14l. per annum, besides a gown, provisions, fire, and lodging. This foundation also allows 20l. per annum each, for eight years, to twenty-nine students at the universities; and there are nine ecclesiastical preferments in the patronage of the governors.
The priory having passed into the possession of the Howard family, after the Reformation, Thomas Howard,
Earl of Suffolk, in the reign of James I., alienated it, for thirteen thousand pounds, to Mr. Sutton, who founded the present establishment.
The buildings forming the Charter House have an ancient appearance, and retain many traces of the improvements and alterations made by the Duke of Norfolk in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. The Chapel has painted windows, in two of which the armorial bearings of Mr. Sutton are represented in stained glass. The old Court Room is decorated with sculpture, and painting of the arms of the Howard family. It has been much defaced with whitewash. The Hall has a large window ornamented with painted glass. The Master's House has been rebuilt of late years. In the Governor's Room is a half-length portrait of Mr. Sutton. He was descended from a good family in the county of Lincoln, and became an eminent London merchant in the reign of Elizabeth. Great as was his wealth, he was more distinguished for his integrity, generosity, and true charity, than for his riches, which had been all obtained by industry in his profession, by honourable posts under government, or by the success of his enterprises against the Spaniards. In a privateer, he took a Spanish prize worth twenty thousand pounds. He also commanded the bark called the Sutton, as a volunteer against the Spanish Armada. In years of scarcity, he bought corn in large quantities, and caused it to be retailed at low prices to his poor neighbours. He died in December, 1611, aged 79. His body was embalmed, and kept in his own house till the following May, when it was deposited with great pomp in Christ-Churcy, whence it was again removed, on the shoulders of the poor, to the chapel in his own hospital, when finished. His effigy, in a gown, is placed in a recumbent attitude upon his tomb on each side is a man in armour, erect, and above, a preacher, represented as in the act of addressing his audience.
Westminster School, Dean's Yard, was founded in 1560, by Queen Elizabeth, for forty boys, called the Queens' Scholars, who receive an education to prepare them for