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proceedings of a free deliberative As- in a larger work, entitled, “ Theolosembly are calculated to cherish. In gical Institutes,” he included a “ View order, however, that the clergy may of the Constitution of the Church of duly conduct the business of these Scotland.” The great benefit expecourts, and may meet on equal terms rienced from this treatise, led to the with the lay members, who are often expression of a wish that it should be deeply versant in legal acquirements, separately published. It appears now, an accurate knowledige of the consti- therefore, by itself, with some contution and laws of the church becomes siderable additions; and it exhibits a necessary. Yet this knowledge could concise and popular account of the be acquired only by a few, while it constitution, form of procedure, and remained locked up in voluminous laws of the church; which may not records and collections, the searching only serve as a guide to those who sit into which was neither within the in its courts, but may present to the reach, nor suited to the habits, of general reader an interesting view of elergymen in general. A work was this remarkable system of ecclesiastiwanted, in which all the requisite in- cal polity. formation could be arranged and con The work having been for some densed into a moderate compass. Dr time before the public, an analysis of Hill, troin the distinguished lead its contents becomes unnecessary. We which he has long taken in the affairs have only thought it proper to an. of the church, was probably of all nounce to our readers this sep men best fittel for supplying this de- enlarged publication of it. ticiency. Accordingly, some time ago
SURVEY OF FRENCH LITERATURE.
“ The two volumes you intend to pub.
lish contain seventeen tales, part of which January 1818.
are founded on history, and the rest on Les Français's, &c.—Tlu Frenchro- imaginary facts. Why have you entitled men : Tales by Madumc Dufrénoy. 2 vols. your work • The Frenchwomen?' Your in. in 12mo, with cuts.
tention must have been to show how your Though the cause be difficult to explain, country women would act in situations peit cannot but be acknowledged that ro. culiar to themselves, and nevertheless your mance is a branch of literature wherein heroines act much in the same way as ladies the French writers have never excelled. of any other nations in Europe would do If we except Gil Blas, and two or three in similar situations. Your historical tales other truly superior works, all the rest are are full of digressions that have not the far below the productions of secondl-rate least connection with the facts you mean to English novel writers. Whence this de- relate. By those digressions the interest fect proceeds, in a people possessing a live- of your narrative is suspended, and they do ly imagination and refined sentiments, we not even excite curiosity, as most of them will not undertake to discuss, as we might every child has learned by heart at school. be drawn on to lengths far beyond the li. Your actors have neither the language, the mits of a review. The tales now publish- manners, nor the costume of the times. You ed by Maulame Dufrénoy do not possess have nowhere characterized the foreign namerit enough to alter our opinion of French tions
introduce. In the tales where novelists in general, and the less so as this in you have given scope to your imaginalady cannot be ranked among the common tion, your plans are faulty and confused, class of writers, being already advantage- and most of your heroes and heroines act ously known in the Literary world by se in a most inconsistent manner. As for veral poetical works, chiefly Elegies, which the rest, your style is correct and easy, your had led us to hope, that, before she ven language tolerably good, and interspersed tured on a new style of publication, she with several witty truits. I am, however, would have consulted her forces, and per- sorry and surprised to find in your work haps her friends. If she had done the lat. some moral principles which your sex ter, and found true friends, we suppose they ought not to profess, and some political would have addressed her nearly in the ones which savour a little too much of the following words.
This we suppose a friend of Madame ists became worse than it had been under Dufrénoy might have said to her before she the usurper. For then, deprived of forpublished her tales, and by listening to his tune, they were at least respected. But advice she might have avoided hearing dis- now, what have they left? They are as agreeable truths from the public, and ex. naked as they were under Buonaparte, and posing her well established reputation by an they have no more the enjoyment of pub. undertaking which seems to have been ill lic esteem to help them to bear the present, adapted to the natural turn of her genius. or the hope of better times to enliven the Ktical System pursued by the Administra, which the royalists are attacked on every Du Système Politique, &c.---On the Po prospect of futurity.
66 Whence proceeds the courage with tion. By the Vicomte de Châteaubriand, side? From their never offering any de Peer of France ; a pamphlet in 8vo.
fence. Their enemies strike without fear, It is generally supposed that M. de because they are sure that no blows given Châteaubriand's first intention was to pub- in the king's name will ever be returned. lish upon this subject a volume of some “ The common pretext for the system importance, and that he had actually de- is, that the interests of the Revolution are livered it to the press, when motives, of powerful, and should be protected. We which the public are not able to judge, grant the argument : but is the persecumade him alter his first plan, and remain tion of the royalists a necessary consequence within the limits of a few sheets. Be- of it? There is, you say, but a small number sides the many reasons we have to believe of royalists. The elections have given a the truth of this report, the perusal of the proof of the contrary. Still supposing you pamphlet itself does not add a little weight were in the right, you ought to augment to the supposition. The subject is rather that number, and you have acted in an sketched than thoroughly examined, and opposite direction. Many a man who, the ideas offer some incoherences, which when the king first returned, would have we are not accustomed to find in the noble considered himself happy to be forgotten, peer's works. The style is, however, as in has since learned that he is a person of all his other publications, vivid, energetic, some importance. When he thought of and picturesque in the highest degree. The asking pardon, he 'heard with astonishimpossibility of giving an exact analysis of ment that he was to protect the friends of the work, has induced in to extract whole the throne. At first, he scarcely could be. paragraphs, which we shall try to unite lieve his senses, but he soon discovered the with one another, so as to give our readers truth. He thus grew difficult, was not an adequate idea of the ensemble.
satisfied, nor will he be so until he has " It has been asserted," thus begins M. overthrown the legitimate monarchy. de Châteaubriand, “ that the royalists, by “ Government, you say, wished to keep repeated obstacles, not only impede the the scales equal, and not place itself at the natural course of Government, but endan- head of a party. It is truly a singular exger even its existence. It is, however, pression to call the royalists a party in a not the royalists who deserve to be thus ac- monarchy; but besides, the scales have cused, it is those men, who, by a false sys- not been kept equal, or, if they have, it was tem of policy, delay the union of the only in one instance.
Ministers forgot French. This system having found many equally the outrages committed and the obstinate supporters, it will be necessary to
services proffered during the hundred days. prove that it is a masterpiece of inconsis. " However they triumphed awhile, betency.
cause every thing went on peaceably, when, " How have ministers treated men and on a sudden, the scene changed. An electheir opinions? In what spirit have they tion law had passed, undoubtedly with a digested the laws ? What political cha- good intention, but the consequences had racter has the chamber of deputies shown not been foreseen. The minds of men were during their administration, and have they struck with fear, the system was laid aside, in their communications with the chamber and the royalists were called upon to assist rightly understood the spirit of the char- the ministers. Now, that the danger is ter? These are the points we have to ex
blown over, they will most certainly deamine.
ny their terror and the candid confession * The ordinance of 5th September 1816 it caused. But is it thus that in an enlight. was a consequence of the chamber of ened age, in a kingdom arrived at the 1815 having displeased the ministers who highest pinnacle of civilization ; among a had placed themselves in the minority. In nation instructed by experience and long the ensuing elections they exerted tileir ut misfortunes, is it thus that one dare act tomost power to keep ofi'the royalists, and wards rational men, and run in the short declared themselves so openly against them, space of a year from one extremity to anthat they were afterwards under the neces
other? sity of pursuing them unrelentingly. By “ We have now examined the general those measures, the situation of the royal- spirit of the system held up to our admiTOL. II.
ration ; let us also consider what laws have freed, but whom no charter can inspire been proposed.
with the sentiments of free born citizens. " 'I'he chief article of the election law “ Some men, actuated more by their passed with a majority of twelve votes. In zeal than by their judgment, call Europe England, a fundamental bill, so weakly sup to witness the wisdom of the system ported, would have been drawn in by mi.
But are they certain that nisters. Besides, the law itself needs no Europe favours a system that has already other censure than the terror it occasioned once made her a victim ? Europe has when put in execution. In the depart. nothing to fear from such principles as may ments where elections took place, we find, serve to consolidate in France a legitimate by official documents, an average of two monarchy ; but, on the contrary, there is fifths of royalists, two-fifths indepen- manifest danger in the doctrine which may dents, and one-fifth ministerials among tend to make us fall again under the power the electors, so that if the royalists and the of the Revolution.” independents had not been afraid of one an. other, the ministerials would not have had Surfaces of Curves in General, and parti
Des Surfaces des Courbes, &c. On the one member on their side.”
Here M. de Châteaubriand says a few cularly of the Conic Sections. By T. D. words on the project of a law for recruiting Circle, and affianced to the Quadrature of
C. L. P. Husband to the Quadrature of the the army. He enters into some particu. the Hyperbola, as shall be proved by authon, lars as to the exception law regarding the
tic acts ; the Copies of which are annered newspapers. He takes up the defence of the royalists, whom the opposite parties re
to the present Work, after having been proach with voting at present against a
duly sworn to; in 8vo. law they moved themselves two years ago. This is, according to all probability, the Among M. de Châteaubriand's arguments work of a madman. We only quote it on we noted the following: “ When the account of its strange title. Parliament of Great Britain suspend the Habeas Corpus Act, do they promise to
Josué, &c.—Joshuah, or the Conquest continue for ever the suspension ? We re
of the Promised Land, a Poem in 12 books fuse to day what we granted yesterday,
in 8vo. because, being no more useful to the coun: Petite Chronique, fc.-Little Parisian try, it would only serve the passions of an
Historical, Literary, and Political Chroauthority ready to abuse the power we
nicle, intended as a Sequel to the Memoirs trusted them with.
of Bachaumont. By Messrs * in 12mo. “In regard to exterior politics, the mem
To be continued. bers of both chambers are left in most Before the Revolution, the press was in complete darkness, and are obliged to seek France under a public and acknowledged in foreign papers the most important trans- restraint, but the thoughts were free, and actions of their own country.
the nation, actuated by a lively turn of .We have still to consider the admis mind, sought and found in satirical songs nistration in respect to the constitution. and witty sallies, a compensation for the The natural opposition at present ought to impossibility of openly delivering those be a democratical one, kept in awe by a truths which a licensed press could prestrong royalist majority ; but a minority of vent from being published, but not from sixty peers and eighty deputies, all remark- being felt. Towards the middle of the last able for their attachment to royalty, forn century, a society was established in Paris, too strange an opposition not to give evi- whereof each member entered into an endence of a radical fault in the system of gagement to procure every day a song, a Government.
bon-mot, or an anecdote of public or pri. “ Thanks be to Heaven, all quarrels vate scandal. The witty harvest was redraw to an end. Every person feels the gistered, and every year one, M. Bachaunecessity of putting principles in the place mont, who acted as secretary to the soof passions. Sincerity and talents are all ciety,selected the most interesting anecdotes, we want, and those qualities are not the and published a volume, which was sea exclusive gift of one class of men. The cretly printed in Holland, and sold, accordroyalists repel none but cowards and cri- ing to the expression of the time, sous le minals. True friends of a constitutional manteau, (under the cloak.) The whole monarchy may be found among the ancient collection consists of 36 volumes in 12mo, partizans of the republic, (provided they and extends from 1762 to 1789. Several have committed no crimes,) among tnose curious anecdotes are intermixed with men whose errors even spring from a noble others that have no sort of interest for pos
But let us fly those supporters of terity. Many are even so very frivolous tyranny, ready to serve or to betray any that we doubt whether contemporaries master, who, always on the look-out, know themselves were highly interested in them. how to make use of every circumstance. Besides which, Mr Secretary's style baffles They are slaves whom the charter has all criticism. However, this work had
much success in its time, owing chiefly to be looked upon as fundamental laws, or the scandal and the secrecy. Now, let us such exception laws as are in direct opposuppose that an author, under the pretence of sition to the spirit of the charter. We giving a sequel to this work, but with pure cannot help quoting here an expression speculative views, should publish at pre. which has appeared to us remarkably ener. sent, and openly sell under the eyes of go- getic. “ The ministerial responsibility," verninent, a would-be satirical collection; says M. B. de Constant, “ that important but where the chief articles are literally guarantee of our rights, which every body copied from old newspapers, and in the speaks of, hovers still as in a cloud at the rest of which the compiler has not shewn highest point of the skies, without any wit enough to be pleasant, nor courage communication with our earth.” enough to be scandalous, such a work, we After the introduction, M. B. de Con. say, cannot be expected to attract the eyes stant gives a sketch of the last election, of the public, nor does by any means de- drawn with an able hand, but of which we serve it. We read it in hopes of finding may be permitted to doubt the impartialiat least something worthy of being quoted, ty, when we recollect that the author was but we must own we are at a loss to select one of the candidates, and had, at the so much as a single anecdote.
closing of the poll on the two first days, a Description des Maladies de la Peau, fic. however, ministers found means to baffle.
tolerable good prospect of success, which, - Description of the Cutaneous Com. plaints observed at the Ilospital of St Louis, the throne, and on the addresses of both
The observations on the speech from and an account of the best curative methods chambers, are not of general interest ; we for the same. By T. L. Alibert, M. D. 10th Number in fol. reith coloured prints ; M. B. de Constant says that the French
shall only quote one strange assertion. to be continued; price 50 francs each part.
ought not to be alone accused of the sufWe do not pretend entering into a dis- ferings of Europe during the last war, quisition on the merits of this work; we having had in their army troops of all naonly mention it on account of the shocking tions; as if a forced concurrence, dictated beauty of the cuts, which surpass any thing by an unrelenting necessity, can ever be of the sort we have ever seen; the whole construed as a crime. work will be completed in 12 numbers. The remainder of the first number conPoésies Diverses, fr.-Fugitive Poctry. motion for altering the regulations of the
tains some observations on the speaker's By Augustin Moufle, in 18mo. Annales de la Session, &c.- The Annals chamber, and a long treatise on the law of
the of the Session of 1817-1818. By Benja.
press. So much has been already said min de Constant. No. 1 and 2 ; two
on the matter, that we shall not enter into pamphlets in 8vo.
any particulars, and only add that the au.
thor's ideas appear to us to be true and Though these two numbers have appear- sound, particularly in regard to the ne-, ed in the month of December, we have cessity of judging all libels by a jury. nevertheless thought fit to give an account The second number is entirely filled with of them, as the author promises a continua- extracts of the speeches of ministers and tion, which may perhaps be obscure to our deputies during the debates on the liberty readers, if they are unacquainted with the of the press. These speeches having albeginning.
ready appeared in the English newspapers, All the difficult political parties which and M. B. de Constant's reflections, though divide the French nation are at present generally rational, not offering any parti, united against the ministry, and it opens cularly new ideas, we have nothing to add a wide and interesting field for investiga- to what we have said above. tion to observe how they all draw the same M. B. de Constant's style is far from exa conclusions from very opposite principles, hibiting the brilliancy of M. de ChâteauThus the ordinance of 5th September, and briand, or the deep meaning of M. Fiévée. the election law, both strongly opposed by It is nevertheless clear and solid, though M. de Châteaubriand and Fievée, are a little heavy. highly praised by M. B. de Constant; and when the noble peer observes how strange Essay on the Libertics of the Gallican
Essai Historique, fc.--An Historical it is to find in a royal government a strong Church, and of the other Catholic Churches royalist opposition, M. de Constant con- during the two last Centuries. By M. gratulates the nation on that same oppo- Gregoire, late Bishop of Blois, in 8vo. sition, which he looks upon as a progress in the constitutional line.
This is a learned, ponderous volume, The first number of B. de Constant be treating principally on the declaration of gins with a sort of an introduction, where the four articles, made in the name of the in he lays down the plan he intends to fol. French clergy by the celebrated Bossuct in low, according to which he is only to ex the year 1982, by which they disclaimed antine such ministerial proposals as, may the personal infallibility of the pope, chicfly
in all points not regarding doctrine. The man, who has been frightened into a conauthor pretends that the French Govern- fession of an untruth. There is undoubtment never kept true to that declaration, edly in this whole affair a deep mystery, and that not only the new published con- which the assizes at Alby can alone clear cordate, but even the one made by Buonaup. All France is in expectation, and so parte in 1801, are both in direct opposi- great is the curiosity of the public for every tion to the acknowledged liberties of the thing which relates to it, that since 4th Gallican Church. M. Gregoire has play- January, when these memoirs first appear. ed an active part in the Revolution, from ed, to the day we write this, 6th February, tbe Constituent Assembly down to the Im- six editions of them have already been pub perial Senate, of which he was a member. lished. There exists no doubt of their He also took the oath, which so many being truly Madame Manson's work; they French clergymen refused, and was created are well written, full of originality, wit, Bishop of Blois. It may therefore be easi- and energy. ly supposed that his work contains more
Du Systéme Politique, 86.- On the Pothan one acrimonious remark on his anta- litical System pursued by the Administragonists. We give this very succinct ac
tion ; or, a Reply to the Work of M. de count of it, only because the name of the Châteaubriand on the same subject. By author will probably cause it to have some M. Azais, in 8vo. run, at least among his adherents. For the rest, we neither desire nor have suffi It was to be expected that M.de Chateaucient abilities to judge in a matter of such briand's work, from which we have already irx portance, and we say
given extracts, would stir up the zeal of
more than one reclaimant. To read them “* Non nostrum inter vos tantas componere lites." all would have been an unnecessary loss of
Mémoires de Madame Manson, &c.— tiine. We therefore chose M. Azais, as, by The Memoirs of Madame Manson, intend the situation he occupies under governed to explain her conduct in the Trial of ment, his work may be looked upon as the Murderers of M. Fualdes ; written by partly official, and containing the true herself, and addressed to her mother ;
sentiments of ministers. We own that it in 8vo, with a portrait, vignettes, and a face would bave been difficult to find a person simile of the author's hand-writing.
whose style and talents might have made
him a worthy antagonist of M. de ChâteauThe trial of the murderers of the late briand ; but in a good cause a brilliant M. Fualdes of Rhodez, department of the style is not absolutely necessary. Clear Aveyron, has so long filled all the columns language and sound arguments are all that of our newspapers, and has been during so are required. What are we then to think long a time the chief subject of conversa
of M. Azaïs, who has neither the one nor tion all over France, that the report of this the other ? His language is a continued memorable trial has undoubtedly reached ludicrous attempt at pathos, and his arguEngland. We find it therefore unneces
ments the old hacknied ones so often prosary to enter into the particulars of this duced. Government cannot head a party; horrible affair. Our readers will perhaps must keep all parties in equilibrium; Buona. recollect, that, among the witnesses, appear- parte stopped the Revolution; the king ed one Madame Manson, who, after having must complete it; ministers must be in publicly declared that she had been pre. the right because every body is against sent at the murder, and was hid in a small them, &c. closet near the place, retracted afterwards Twenty thousand copies of M. de her whole evidence, and has since positive. Châteaubriand's work have been printed ly sworn that she never knew any thing of and distributed. It is surprising that mi. the business. The court, at a loss how to nisters should not have found the means reconcile her contradictory assertions, is- of refuting it by an abler hand than M. sued a warrant against her for false evi- Azaïs. They could scarcely find a weaker. dence, as the only means of coming at the truth. The verdict of the jury, by which cal and Administrative Correspondence.
Correspondance Politique, &c.—Politithe murderers were condemned, having By T. Fiévie. No 9, in 8vo. been annulled by the Court of Cassation for some flaws in the process, they are to In our last review, we have given an acappear before a new jury at Alby, depart- count of Mr Fiévée's 8th number. The ment of the Tarn, on the 15th of March, 9th opens with some considerations on the where Madame Manson will also appear, political situation of the interior of France no more as evidence, but as impeached. The author's intention is to prove, that In the meanwhile, she has written the France is at present suspended (we make above-mentioned memoirs, addressed to use of his own words) between an impracher mother, in which she explains very ticable despotism, and an unenjorable liberplausibly her singular conduct. It seems ty, owing to the constitution being favourthat she is a weak and enthusiastical wo able to the latter, and the system of admi