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5. From a wrong connexion
of ideas. 6. This connexion how made. 8. Some antipathies an effect
of it. 9. A great cause of errours. - 12. Instances. 13. Why time cares some dis.
orders in the mind, which
reason cannot. -16. Farther instances of the
effects of the association
of ideas. 17. Its influence on intellec
tual habits. 18. Observable in different
sects. 19.. Conclusion.
1o. Why the genus is ordina. 11. Simple ideas, why underily made use of in defini.
finable further explained. tions.
12, 13. The contrary showed in 11. General and universal are
complex ideas by instances creatures of the under.
of a statue and rainbow. standing. .
14. The names of complex ideas 12. Abstract ideas are the es
when to be made intelligi. sences of the genera and
ble by words. spec es.
15. Fourthly, Names of simple 13. They are the workmanship ideas least doubtful.
of the understanding, but 16. Fifthly, Simple ideas have have their foundation in
few ascents in linea prædi. · the similitude of things.
camentali. 14. Each distinct abstract idea 17. Sixthly, Names of simple is a distinct essence.
ideas, stand for ideas not at 15. Real and nominal essence.
Of the names of mixed modes and 17. Supposition, that species
1. They stand for abstract ideas 18. Real and nominal essence
as other general names. the same in simple ideas
2. First, The ideas they stand and modes, different in
for are made by the under. substances.
standing. 19. Essences ingenerable and
3. Secondly, made arbitrarily, incorruptible.
and without patterns. 20. Recapitulation
4. How this is done.
5. Evidently arbitrary, in that CHAP. IV.
the idea is often before the Of the names of simple ideas.
6. Instances, murther, incest, 1. Names of simple ideas, stabbing. modes, and substances, have
..7. But stiil subservient to the each something peculiar.
end of language. 2. First, Names of simple ideas ? 8. Whereof the intranslatable
and substancés, intimate words of divers languages real existence.
are a proof. 3. Secondly, Names of simple 9. This show's species to be
ideas and modes signify al. made for communication. ways both real and nominal 10, ú. In mixed modes, it is the essence.
name that ties the combi. 4. Thirdly, Names of simple nation together, and makes ideas undefinable..
it a species. s. If all were definable, it 12. For the originals of mixed would be a process in infi
modes, we look no farther nitum.
than the mind, which also 6. What a definition is. .
shows them to be the work7. Simple ideas, why undefi.
manship of the understand. nable.
ing: 8, 9. Instances, mosion.
13. Their being made by the .. understanding without pat.
8. Their signification perfecto
CHAP. III. Of general terins.
1. The greatest part of words
general. 2. For every particular thing
to have a name, is impofi.
1, 4. And yseless.
5. What things have proper
-8. How general words are
made. 9. General natures are nothing but abstract ideas.
terns, shows the reason why . 24. Not by substantial forms,
25. The specific essences are
stand always for their real 26, 27. Therefore very various and
30. Which yet serve for com.
31. But make several essences • C H A P. VI.
signified by the same name. Of the names of substances.
32. The more general our ideas
are, the more incomplete
and partial they are.
the end of speech.
34. Instance in cassuaris, the abstract idea.
35. Men make the species. In. 3. The Rominal and real es.
36. Though nature makes the
37. And continues it in the
races of things. the species.
38. Each abstract idea is an es. 9. Not the real essence, which
sence. we know not.
39. Generà and species are in 10. Not substantial forms,
order to naming. Instance,
less confused than natural.
43. Difficulty to treat of words the species, proved from
with words. water and ice.
45. Instances of mixed modes
kineah and niouph.
49. Therefore to fix their spe. name stands for.
cies, a real essence is sup. 22. Our abstract ideas are to us
posed. the measure of species. In.
50. Which supposition is of no stances in that of man.
use. 23. Species not distinguished by
51. Conclusion. generation,
cific essences are the mind.
e very various and
so arbitrary 23
by the same nane.
nature makes the
bstract idea is an es.
THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBPADY
- and species are in
ASTOR, LEV . TILDEN FOUND.
.1. CINCE it is the understanding, that An eponiro 2.. w sets man above the rest of sensible into the un. beings, and gives him all the advantage derstanding, and dominion, which he has over them; it pleasant and is certainly a subject, even for its noble- useful. ness, worth our labour ,to enquire into. The understanding, like the eye, whilst it makes us see and perceive all other things, takes no notice of itself; and it requires art and pains to set it at a distance, and make it its own object. But, whatever be the difficulties that lie in the way of this enquiry; whatever it be, that keeps us so much in the dark to ourselves; sure I am, that all the light we can let in upon our own minds, all the acquaintance we can make with our own understandings, will not only be very pleasant, but bring us great advantage, in directing our thoughts in the search of other things. 9. 2. This, therefore, being my purpose,
a to enquire into the original, certainty, and extent of human knowledge; together with the grounds, and degrees of belief, opinion, and assent; I shall not at present meddle with the physical consideration of the mind; or trouble myself to examine, wherein its essence consists, or by what motions of our spirits.