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con d ta c t e of t h 428. 25. 43. 15.42. 23.598. wholy to 12. 17. e Ambas. the good e 23.95. and will acknowledge alwayes 668.495. 7. f f e t s to him : 18. 24.56. 12. 13.667. 505 . and ther is no w to t r doubte, if ther were an opportunity 667. 12. 36. e 8. t e on the Kings be h 23. 21.42. 23. 600 . 668. 220. 13 . 416. 17.

a l f e 21 . 28 18 . 7 . ther would be founde reall aduantages yett in his power (as low as it is) to giue with to Irland and 667 . 493 . 713 , reference 667 . 204 . 407. Scotland 1 363 . and really I have reason to belieue that

make Jersey, Guernsey, and Scilly

wee could speedily 580. 213. 191. 407. 13.27.

at our 28. 52 . 10.402 . 603 deuocon. You must lett the Ambassr know the K. 668. 95.546. that 668. 220. hath this day dis

Lord Taff 2 to the Duke

patched 549. 12. 21. 18. 24.667 . 668 . 446.

1 The King's supposed wishes at this period are recorded in one of the public journals (Several Proceedings, 28th October, 1652), in a letter from Paris. “Charles Stuart, the Titular Scots King, lives in the Palace Royall, and still in necessity; his Mother went to Challeau on Munday last; he impatiently expects this peace; he could wish to be now in Ireland, so he told some of his own Creatures of late; so would all about him : yet Ormond and Inchiquin tell him plainly that those who most oppose the Commonwealth, are but Ulster men, which doe not much care for him, and are only for their own ends, which if they could obtain, would never look upon a King, and that if they promise to be faithful to a Parliament they would be constant.”

* Lord Taafe was particularly active in the King's Councils, in so far as related to Ireland. A Gazette of that day, alluding to the King's Irish affairs, remarks, when speaking of the proposed operations of the Duke of Lorraine: “Lord Taafe is the man that manageth the business with the King, which is much opposed by the Lord Wilmot, and some others, as a course very improbable : and this hath occasioned a quarrel, and afterwards a challenge, betwixt Taafe and Wilmot, which with much ado was composed by the Scots King.”

of Lorrain

598. 231. (with whome he is in singular creditt, and to con i v r is indeede a very honest man) 661. 428. 27. 1 36.

e him. not Holland but 23. 505. 589. in any degree to disturbe 192.417. on to he will 600 . the other hande . 667. declare that 501. 710. assist them against England 401. 13.529 - 12 . 676. 414. 13.12. 164. which I doubte not he will doe heartily. I conceaue my L* Inchiquin" (though I haue not spoken with him of it this day) does not speedily intende to make use of his passe, but will send to you agayne about it, before he exspects it fro’ you.--It is very true ther was such a summ of mony lately receaued at Paris for the Kinge as you mention, and 40 pistoles of it disposed to that Lady, which is all the mony he hath receaued since he came hither, and in some tyme before, and he hath hope to receaue iust such a summ agayne within these few dayes, but alasse it doth not inable his cooks and back-stayres” men to goe on in the provydinge his dyett, but they protest they can undertake it no longer. I hope ther will be shortly another manner of receipt, and then if

ou should be left out, I should mutiny on your #. in the meane tyme, if it would giue you

* It had been intended, at this period, that Lord Inchiquin, accompanied by Jermyn, should go as Ambassador to Holland, to prepare for Charles's reception there.

* The public journals, in real or assumed letters from Paris, now asserted loudly that the “quondam” King, as they described him, had grown hateful to the people of that city “since Loraigne's treason, being afraid lest he might find such entertainment from them at the new bridge as others had experimented, and being reduced to nothing to subsist on, and having beggared a multitude of bakers, brewers, butchers, and other tradesmen, on Saturday last departed out of this town with all his family (nullo relicto). The Prince of Condé and Beauford accompanied him about a league off the town; he is gone to St. Jermin’s, and from thence to St. Dennis, intending for Holland, where keeping a correspondence with the Duke of Loraine, and likewise with his Mother and his brother Yorke, who are to remain yet in France, he hopes to worke some mischiefe to the State of England.”

ease, I could assure you, my L'.... nor I have one cardicue in the worlde,yett weekeepe up our spiritts: for gods sake do you so to, and he will carry you through this terrible storme—My Lo Jermin is this day gone to the Courte, how longe he stayes I know not. We haue no newes, at least that I know. I pray tell us as much as you know of the Armyes mouinge, and what hope ther is of peace. I am,

2 your very affectionate hu” serv", EDw. HYDE. St GERMANs this Tuesday the 6, of Aug. 6. at night. 1652.

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Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. So, That yours of the 10, of December (which came to my handes the same day that I dispatched my last to you) hath yett brought you no answer, is not my faulte, for as I was takinge penn & paper to do it on Sunday last, your other of the 14, arryued, which derected me to change my cource of writinge, and to send no more to Nantz," but to St. Malos : and indeede I was very gladd to finde that you were bounde for Brest, wher I should haue wished you, notwithstanding any discouragements you receaued from thence, except you could bringe a recommendation from this Courte: for Mr. Holder” writes me worde, that a letter from Mount Castlenoe would signify

* Sir Richard Browne was at this moment very actively endeavouring to collect the King's dues on the prizes brought into the different ports of France.

* Holder was Secretary to Prince Rupert. He was loyal, and it appears from the Clarendon State Papers that great dependence was placed on him when wanted: yet Sir Edward calls him “the pert, importunate agent of the Catholics.” See post, p. 261,

very little. I am confident the letter you haue from our Master, will praeserue you from any affronts, and then sure your beinge ther will be at least for your owne aduantage, both to collecte what is dew to his Ma" upon accounts," which must be worth somewhat, and will be easily discouer'd by what Mr. Bolder hath receaued from the Duke, and to receaue the dewes upon ther last pryzes, which will, they say, amounte to a rounde summ.—Though So Geo. Carterett was gone out of the towne, when I receaued yours of the 10. yett very contrary to my expectation he returned hither 3 or 4 dayes after, and stayed only one night, when I shewed him your letter; sure he will do all the good offices to you in all thinges he is able. My L' . . . . . will obserue the caution you giue him, and will be gladd you can discouer any monyes to be dew to him, and he will gladly giue you authority to receaue it; indeed a supply will come as seasonable to him as to any body, for when I haue told you, that none of us haue receaued a penny since you went, you will belieue our necessityes to be importunate enough, which would be more insupportable, if wee did not see the King himselfe reduced to greater distresse then you can believe or imagyne. I perceaue the arrest of farrande, is upon some pique betweene the Duke of Vandosme and the Marshall Melleray,” betweene whom the contests grew very high, and are like to breake out to such a degree that the Courte is not without apprehension, that it shall not conteyne them both to its seruice, and seemes at present, to be vnsatisfyed with the Marshall, and I heare some letters of reprehension are sent to him; therefore this arrest is not like to produce any aduantage to his Ma", besides that it seemes the shipp is out of the power of the Marshall... I haue giuen Choquex the

1 The difficulty which Charles experienced in raising any money upon the prizes, is alluded to in Perfect Passages of the 15th October, 1652: “Prince Rupert hath lately seized on some good prizes; he keeps himself far remote, and makes his kinsman, Charles Stuart, make a leg for some cullings

of his windfalls,”
* Melleray was Governor of Nantes.

papers, and will conferr with him what is to be done, for it is I perceaue true that the shipp and all the furniture was really putt into his handes by Pr. Ruperte,' so that besides the restitution of the vessell, there will be a large accounte to be made : When any thinge is resolued, you shall haue an accounte of it. I am very gladd you haue had so good successe in your suite, I hope it is but an instance of future good fortune at Brest, wher ther is much dew, if you haue receaued solittle, as Ihaue formerly hearde you haue mentioned:—I praesume you haue kept an exacte accounteof all you haue had upon those assignations, which I putt you only in minde of, because upon conference with S. Geo. Carterett, he could not belieue it had bene possible, that upon so many pryzes as he obserued to be brought in, you should touch so little, as I assured him had come to your handes. When you went from hence, and vpon occasyon of somewhat I writt lately in a letter to Mr. . . . . . of the no profitt accrewed to his Ma" upon that receipte, he answered me that it was impossible much could come to his Ma" owne receipte, when he granted so large assignments out of it, and so mentioned in the first place, what was allotted to you, as if it had bene payde.—Weeknow nothinge of Englande more than that your french Minister was landed at Dover. Wee shall shortly see what his reception hath bene, and shall then better guess at the effects: in the meane tyme, we are at no ease heare. My Lo: of Rochester (for that is my Lo Willmotts title)" is to sett out from hence * Prince Rupert, just before this date, was in the West Indies, and had with him a fleet of fifteen sail, to which eight Dutch ships were joined in October. He is stated in the journals to have captured ten rich English vessels, whilst cruising off St. Kitts. It is a remarkable circumstance, however, that another journal, the Perfect Passages, places him off Cyprus, and describes him as capturing all vessels that pass him in the Levant. * There was considerable difficulty in finding a proper title for Lord Wilmot, his first proposed one of EsssX being claimed by Lord Capel, and that of Danby by the Attorney

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