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or Sectaries of any description; illustrated from proselyte, seeing nothing very inviting in the the Scriptures, the Fathers of the Church, and title of the tracts, and appalled by the bulk the soundest Controversial Divines.' To this and compact lines of the manuscript, quietly work the bookseller positively demurred. “Well consigned them to a corner of his travelling meant,' he said, "and learned, doubtless ; but trunk. the time had gone by: Printed on small pica Aunt Rachel's farewell was brief and affecit would run to eight hundred pages, and tionate. She only cautioned her dear Edward, could never pay.

Begged therefore to be ex- whom she probably deemed somewhat susceptcused. Loved and honoured the true church ible, against the fascination of Scottish beauty, from his soul ; and, had it been a sermon on She allowed that the northern part of the island the martyrdom, or any twelve-penny touch-contained some ancient families, but they were why I would venture something for the honour all Whigs and Presbyterians except the Highof the cloth. But come, let's see the other. landers; and respecting them she must needs Right Hereditary righted !” ah, there's some say, there could be no great delicacy among the sense in this !

Hum-hum-hum-pages so ladies, where the gentlemen's usual attire was, many, paper so much, letterpress- -Ah! I'll as she had been assured, to say the least, very tell you, though, doctor, you must knock out singular, and not at all decorous. She consome of the Latin and Greek; heavy, doctor, cluded her farewell with a kind and moving damn'd heavy—(beg your pardon) and if you benediction, and gave the young officer, as a throw in a few grains more pepper-I am he pledge of her regard, a valuable diamond ring that never peached my author-I have published (often worn by the male sex at that time), and for Drake, and Charlwood Lawton, and poor a purse of broad gold pieces, which also were Amhurst. *

Ah, Caleb ! Caleb! Well, it was more common Sixty Years since than they have a shame to let poor Caleb starve, and so many been of late. fat rectors and squires among us.

I gave him a dinner once a-week; but, Lord love you, what's once a-week, when a man does not know where to go the other six days !-Well, but I must

CHAPTER VII. shew the manuscript to little Tom Alibi, the solicitor, who manages all my law affairs-must

A HORSE-QUARTER IN SCOTLAND. keep on the windy side—the mob were very uncivil the last time I mounted in Old Palace The next morning, amid varied feelings, the Yard—all Whigs and Roundheads every man chief of which was a predominant, anxious, and of them, Williamites and Hanover rats.'

even solemn impression, that he was now in a The next day Mr. Pembroke again called on great measure abandoned to his own guidance the publisher, but found Tom Alibi's advice had and direction, Edward Waverley departed from determined him against undertaking the work. the Hall amid the blessings and tears of all the 'Not but what I would go to—(what was I old domestics and the inhabitants of the village, going to say ?) to the Plantations for the church mingled with some sly petitions for serjeantcies with pleasure—but, dear doctor, I have a wife and corporalships, and so forth, on the part of and family; but, to show my zeal, I'll recom- those who professed that 'they never thoft to mend the job to my neighbour Trimmel—he is a ha’ seen Jacob, and Giles, and Jonathan, go off bachelor, and leaving off business, so a voyage in for soldiers, save to attend his honour, as in a western barge would not inconvenience him.' duty bound.' Edward, as in duty bound, exBut Mr. Trimmel was also obdurate, and Mr. tricated himself from the supplicants with the Pembroke, fortunately perchance for himself, pledge of fewer promises than might have been was compelled to return to Waverley - Honour expected from a young man so little accustomed with his treatise in vindication of the real to the world. After a short visit to London, he fundamental principles of church and state proceeded on horseback, then the general mode safely packed in his saddle-bags.

of travelling, to Edinburgh, and from thence to As the public were thus likely to be deprived Dundee, a seaport on the eastern coast of Angusof the benefit arising from his lucubrations by shire, where his regiment was then quartered. the selfish cowardice of the trade, Mr. Pembroke He now entered upon a new world, where, for resolved to make two copies of these tremendous a time, all was beautiful because all was new. manuscripts for the use of his pupil. He felt Colonel Gardiner, the commanding officer of the that he had been indolent as a tutor, and, regiment, was himself a study for a romantic, besides, his conscience checked him for comply- and at the same time an inquisitive, youth. In ing with the request of Mr. Richard Waverley, person he was tall, handsome, and active, though that he would impress no sentiments upon somewhat advanced in life. In his early years Edward's mind inconsistent with the present he had been what is called, by manner of palliatsettlement in church and state. But now, ive, a very gay young man, and strange stories thought he, I may, without breach of my word, were circulated about his sudden conversion since he is no longer under my tuition, afford from doubt, if not infidelity, to a serious and the youth the means of judging for himself, and even enthusiastic turn of mind. It was whishave only to dread his reproaches for so long pered that a supernatural communication, of a concealing the light which the perusal will flash nature obvious even to the exterior senses, had upon his mind.

While he thus indulged the produced this wonderful change ; and though reveries of an author and a politician, his darling some mentioned the proselyte as an enthusiast,

none hinted at his being a hypocrite. This singular and mystical circumstance gave


* Note C.

Nicholas Amhurst.


Gardiner a peculiar and solemn interest in the and the landlord, who called himself a gentleeyes of the young soldier.* It may be easily man, was disposed to be rude to his guest imagined that the officers of a regiment, com- because he had not bespoke the pleasure of his manded by so respectable a person, composed a society to supper. The next day, traversing society more sedate and orderly than a military an open and unenclosed country, Edward gramess always exhibits; and that Waverley escaped dually approached the Highlands of Perthshire, some temptations to which he might otherwise which at first had appeared a blue outline have been exposed.

in the horizon, but now swelled into huge Meanwhile his military education proceeded. gigantic masses, which frowned defiance over Already a good horseman, he was now initiated the more level country that lay beneath them. into the arts of the manège, which, when carried Near the bottom of this stupendous barrier, to perfection, almost realise the fable of the but still in the Lowland country, dwelt Centaur, the guidance of the horse appearing to Cosmo Comyne Bradwardine of Bradwardine ; proceed from the rider's mere volition, rather and, if grey-haired eld can be in aught bethan from the use of any external and apparent lieved, there had dwelt his ancestors, with all signal of motion. He received also instructions their heritage, since the days of the gracious in his field duty ; but, I must own, that when King Duncan. his first ardour was passed, his progress fell short in the latter particular of what he wished and expected. The duty of an officer, the most imposing of all others to the inexperienced mind,

CHAPTER VIII. because accompanied with so much outward pomp and circumstance, is in its essence a very A SCOTTISH MANOR-HOUSE SIXTY YEARS dry and abstract task, depending chiefly upon arithmetical combinations, requiring much attention, and a cool and reasoning head, to bring

It was about noon when Captain Waverley them into action. Our hero was liable to fits of entered the straggling village, or rather hamlet, absence, in which his blunders excited some of Tully-Veolan, close to which was situated the mirth, and called down some reproof. This mansion of the proprietor. The houses seemed circumstance impressed him with a painful sense

miserable in the extreme, especially to an eye of inferiority in those qualities which appeared accustomed to the smiling neatness of English most to deserve and obtain regard in his new cottages. They stood, without any respect for profession. He asked himself in vain, why his regularity, on each side of a straggling kind of eye could not judge of distance or space so well unpaved street, where children, almost in a as those of his companions ; why his head was primitive state of nakedness, lay sprawling, as not always successful in disentangling the various if to be crushed by the hoofs of the first passing partial movements necessary to execute a par- horse. Occasionally, indeed, when such a conticular evolution ; and why his memory, so alert summation seemed inevitable, a watchful old upon most occasions, did not correctly retain grandam, with her close cap, distaff, and spindle, technical phrases, and minute points of étiquette rushed like a sibyl in frenzy out of one of these or field discipline. Waverley was naturally miserable cells, dashed into the middle of the modest, and therefore did not fall into the path, and snatching up her own charge from egregious mistake of supposing such minuter among the sun-burnt loiterers, saluted him with rules of military duty beneath his notice, or a sound cuff, and transported him back to his conceiting himself to be born a general, because dungeon, the little white-headed varlet screamhe made an indifferent subaltern. The truth ing all the while, from the very top of his lungs, was, that the vague and unsatisfactory course of a shrilly treble to the growling remonstrances reading which he had pursued, working upon a of the enraged matron. Another part in this temper naturally retired and abstracted, had concert was sustained by the incessant yelping given him that wavering and unsettled habit of of a score of idle useless curs, which followed, mind which is most averse to study and rivetted snarling, barking, howling, and snapping at the attention. Time, in the meanwhile, hung heavy horses' heels; a nuisance at that time so common on his hands. The gentry of the neighbourhood in Scotland, that a French tourist, who, like were disaffected, and showed little hospitality to other travellers, longed to find a good and the military guests; and the people of the town, rational reason for everything he saw, has chiefly engaged in mercantile pursuits, were not recorded, as one of the memorabilia of Calesuch as Waverley chose to associate with. The donia, that the state maintained in each village arrival of summer, and a curiosity to know some- a relay of curs, called collies, whose duty it was thing more of Scotland than he could see in a to chase the chevaux de poste (too starved and ride from his quarters, determined him to request exhausted to move without such a stimulus) leave of absence for a few weeks. He resolved from one hamlet to another, till their annoying first to visit his uncle's ancient friend and corre- convoy drove them to the end of their stage. spondent, with the purpose of extending or The evil and remedy (such as it is) still exist ; shortening the time of his residence according but this is remote from our present purpose, to circumstances. He travelled of course on and is only thrown out for consideration of the horseback, and with a single attendant, and collectors under Mr. Dent's dog-bill. passed his first night at a miserable inn, where As Waverley moved on, here and there an old the landlady had neither shoes nor stockings, man, bent as much by toil as years, his eyes

* Note D. Colonel Gardiner.

† Note E. Scottish Inns.

bleared with age and smoke, tottered to the enclosure. The broken ground on which the door of his hut, to gaze on the dress of the village was built had never been levelled ; so stranger, and the form and motions of the horses, that these enclosures presented declivities of and then assembled with his neighbours, in a every degree, here rising like terraces, there little group at the smithy, to discuss the pro- sinking like tanpits. The dry-stone walls which babilities of whence the stranger came, and fenced, or seemed to fence (for they were sorely where he might be going. Three or four village breached), these hanging gardens of Tullygirls, returning from the well or brook with Veolan, were intersected by a narrow lane leadpitchers and pails upon their heads, formed ing to the common field, where the joint labour more pleasing objects; and, with their thin of the villagers cultivated alternate ridges and short-gowns and single petticoats, bare arms, patches of rye, oats, barley, and peas, each of legs, and feet, uncovered heads, and braided such minute extent, that at a little distance the hair, somewhat resembled Italian forms of land- unprofitable variety of the surface resembled a scape. Nor could a lover of the picturesque tailor's book of patterns. In a few favoured have challenged either the elegance of their instances, there appeared behind the cottages a costume, or the symmetry of their shape ; miserable wigwam, compiled of earth, loose although, to say the truth, a mere Englishman, stones, and turf, where the wealthy might in search of the comfortable, a word peculiar to perhaps sheiter a starved cow or sorely galled his native tongue, might have wished the clothes horse. But almost every hut was fenced in less scanty, the feet and legs somewhat protected front by a huge black stack of turf on one side from the weather, the head and complexion of the door, while on the other the family dungshrouded from the sun, or perhaps might even

hill ascended in noble emulation. have thought the whole person and dress con- About a bow-shot from the end of the village siderably improved, by a plentiful application appeared the enclosures, proudly denominated of spring water, with a quantum sufficit of soap. the Parks of Tully-Veolan, being certain square The whole scene was depressing; for it argued, fields, surrounded and divided by stone walls at the first glance, at least a stagnation of five feet in height. In the centre of the exterior industry, and perhaps of intellect. Even curi. barrier was the upper gate of the avenue, openosity, the busiest passion of the idle, seemed of ing under an archway, battlemented on the top, a listless cast in the village of Tully-Veolan: and adorned with two large weather - beaten the curs aforesaid alone showed any part of its mutilated masses of upright stone, which, if the activity; with the villagers it was passive. tradition of the hamlet could be trusted, had They stood and gazed at the handsome young once represented, at least had been once designed officer and his attendant, but without any of to represent, two rampant Bears, the supporters those quick motions, and eager looks, that of the family of Bradwardine. This avenue indicate the earnestness with which those who was straight, and of moderate length, running live in monotonous ease at home, look out for between a double row of very ancient horseamusement abroad. Yet the physiognomy of chestnuts, planted alternately with sycamores, the people, when more closely examined, was which rose to such huge height, and flourished far from exhibiting the indifference of stupidity: so luxuriantly, that their boughs completely their features were rough, but remarkably in- over-arched the broad road beneath. Beyond telligent; grave, but the very reverse of stupid ; these venerable ranks, and running parallel to and from among the young women, an artist them, were two high walls, of apparently the might have chosen more than one model, whose like antiquity, overgrown with ivy, honey. features and form resembled those of Minerva. suckle, and other climbing plants. The avenue The children, also, whose skins were burnt seemed very little trodden, and chiefly by footblack, and whose hair was bleached white, passengers ; so that being very broad, and by the influence of the sun, had a look and enjoying a constant shade, it was clothed with manner of life and interest. It seemed, upon grass of a deep and rich verdure, excepting where the whole, as if poverty, and indolence, its å foot-path, worn by occasional passengers, too frequent companion, were combining to tracked with a natural sweep the way from the depress the natural genius and acquired in- upper to the lower gate. This nether portal, formation of a hardy, intelligent, and reflecting like the former, opened in front of a wall peasantry.

ornamented with some rude sculpture, with Some such thoughts crossed Waverley's mind battlements on the top, over which were seen, as he paced his horse slowly through the rugged half-hidden by the trees of the avenue, the high and flinty street of Tully-Veolan, interrupted steep roofs and narrow gables of the mansion, only in his meditations by the occasional caprioles with lines indented into steps, and corners which his charger exhibited at the reiterated decorated with small turrets. One of the foldassaults of those canine Cossacks, the collies ing leaves of the lower gate was open, and as before mentioned. The village was more than the sun shone full into the court behind, a long half a mile long, the cottages being irregularly line of brilliancy was flung upon the aperture up divided from each other by gardens, or yards, the dark and gloomy avenue.

It was one of as the inhabitants called them, of different those effects which a painter loves to represent, sizes, where (for it is Sixty Years since) the now and mingled well with the struggling light universal potato was unknown, but which were which found its way between the boughs of stored with gigantic plants of kale or colewort, the shady arch that vaulted the broad green encircled with groves of nettles, and exhibited alley. here and there a huge hemlock, or the national The solitude and repose of the whole scene thistle, overshadowing a quarter of the petty seemed almost romantic; and Waverley, who had given his horse to his servant on entering and the whole scene still maintained the the first gate, walked slowly down the avenue, monastic illusion which the fancy of Waverley enjoying the grateful and cooling shade, and so had conjured up.—And here we beg permission much pleased with the placid ideas of rest and to close a chapter of still life. * seclusion excited by this confined and quiet scene, that he forgot the misery and dirt of the hamlet he had left behind him. The opening into the paved court-yard corresponded with the

CHAPTER IX. rest of the scene. The house, which seemed to consist of two or three high, narrow, and steep- MORE OF THE MÀNOR-HOUSE AND ITS roofed buildings, projecting from each other at

ENVIRONS. right angles, formed one side of the enclosure. It had been built at a period when castles were AFTER having satisfied his curiosity by gazing no longer necessary, and when the Scottish around him for a few minutes, Waverley applied architects had not yet acquired the art of himself to the massive knocker of the hall designing a domestic residence. The windows door, the architrave of which bore the date 1594. were numberless, but very small; the roof had But no answer was returned, though the peal some nondescript kind of projections, called resounded through a number of apartments, and bartizans, and displayed at each frequent angle was echoed from the court-yard walls without a small turret, rather resembling a pepper-box the house, startling the pigeons from the venerthan a Gothic watch-tower. Neither did the able rotunda which they occupied, and alarming front indicate absolute security from danger. anew even the distant village curs, which had There were loop-holes for musketry, and iron retired to sleep upon their respective dunghills. stancheons on the lower windows, probably to Tired of the din which he created, and the unrepel any roving band of gipsies, or resist a profitable responses which it excited, Waverley predatory visit from the Caterans of the neigh- began to think that he had reached the castle of bouring Highlands. Stables and other offices Orgoglio, as entered by the victorious Prince occupied another side of the square. The former Arthur, were low vaults, with narrow slits instead of

When 'gan he loudly through the house to call, windows, resembling, as Edward's groom ob- But no man cared to answer to his cry; served, rather a prison for murderers and There reigned a solemn silence over all, larceners, and such like as are tried at 'sizes,

Nor voice was heard, nor wight was seen, in bower or hall. than a place for any Christian cattle.' Above Filled almost with expectation of beholding these dungeon-looking stables were granaries, some 'old, old man, with beard as white as called girnels, and other offices, to which there snow,' whom he might question concerning this was access by outside stairs of heavy masonry. deserted mansion, our hero turned to a little Two battlemented walls, one of which faced the oaken wicket-door, well clenched with iron nails, avenue, and the other divided the court from which opened in the court-yard wall at its angle the garden, completed the enclosure.

with the house. It was only latched, notwithNor was the court without its ornaments. standing its fortified appearance, and when In one corner was a tun-bellied pigeon-house of opened admitted him into the garden, which great size and rotundity, resembling in figure presented a pleasant scene.+ The southern side and proportion the curious edifice called Arthur's of the house, clothed with fruit-trees, and having Oven, which would have turned the brains of all many evergreens trained upon its walls, extended the antiquaries in England, had not the worthy its irregular yet venerable front along a terrace, proprietor pulled it down for the sake of mend partly paved, partly gravelled, partly bordered ing a neighbouring dam-dyke. This dovecot, with flowers and choice shrubs. This elevation or columbarium, as the owner called it, was no descended by three several flights of steps, small resource to a Scottish laird of that period, placed in its centre and at the extremities, into whose scanty rents were eked out by the contri- what might be called the garden proper, and butions levied upon the farms by these light foragers, and the conscriptions exacted from the

* There is no particular mansion described under the latter for the benefit of the table.

name of Tully-Veolan; but the peculiarities of the deAnother corner of the court displayed a scription occur in various old Scottish seats. I The house fountain, where a huge bear, carved in stone,

of Warrender upon Bruntsfield Links, and that of Old predominated over a large stone basin, into

Ravelston, belonging, the former to Sir George Warrender,

the latter to Sir Alexander Keith, have both contributed which he disgorged the water. This work of several hints to the description in the text. The House art was the wonder of the country ten miles

of Dean, near Edinburgh, has also some points of resem

blance with Tully-Veolan. The author has, however, round. It must not be forgotten that all sorts

been informed, that the House of Grandtully resembles of bears, small and large, demi or in full pro- that of the Baron of Bradwardine still more than any of portion, were carved over the windows, upon the above. the ends of the gables, terminated the spouts,

† At Ravelston may be seen such a garden, which the

taste of the proprietor, the author's friend and kinsman, and supported the turrets, with the ancient

Sir Alexander Keith, Knight Mareschal, has judiciously family motto, 'Bewar the Bar,' cut under each preserved. That, as well as the house, is, however, of hyperborean form. The court was spacious,

smaller dimensions than the Baron of Bradwardine's well paved, and perfectly clean, there being mansion and garden are presumed to have been. probably another entrance behind the stables for removing the litter.

[The rampant bears on the gateway are supposed to have been Everything around suggested to the author by similar effigies still

standing on the gate appeared solitary, and would have been silent, to Traquair House on the Tweed, with which he was well acquainted.

Mr. Lockhart mentions Craighall in Perthshire as another mansion but for the continued plashing of the fountain ; bearing a likeness to Tully-Veolan.)

I'll smile on other men.

was fenced along the top by a stone parapet clear frosty day. His gait was as singular as with a heavy balustrade, ornamented from space his gestures, for at times he hopped with great to space with huge grotesque figures of animals perseverance on the right foot, then exchanged seated upon their haunches, among which the that supporter to advance in the same manner favourite bear was repeatedly introduced. Placed on the left, and then putting his feet close in the middle of the terrace, between a sashed together, he hopped upon both at once. His door opening from the house and the central attire, also, was antiquated and extravagant. flight of steps, a huge animal of the same species It consisted in a sort of grey jerkin, with scarlet supported on his head and fore-paws a sun-dial cuffs and slashed sleeves, showing a scarlet of large circumference, inscribed with more dia- lining; the other parts of the dress corresponded grams than Edward's mathematics enabled him in colour, not forgetting a pair of scarlet stockto decipher.

ings, and a scarlet bonnet, proudly surmounted The garden, which seemed to be kept with with a turkey's feather. Edward, whom he did great accuracy, abounded in fruit-trees, and not seem to observe, now perceived confirmation exhibited a profusion of flowers and evergreens, in his features of what the mien and gestures cut into grotesque forms. It was laid out in had already announced. It was apparently terraces, which descended rank by rank from neither idiocy nor insanity which gave that the western wall to a large brook, which had a wild, unsettled, irregular expression to a face tranquil and smooth appearance, where it served which naturally was rather handsome, but someas a boundary to the garden ; but, near the thing that resembled a compound of both, where extremity, leapt in tumult over a strong dam, the simplicity of the fool was mixed with the or wear-head, the cause of its temporary tran- extravagance of a crazed imagination. He sung quillity, and there forming a cascade, was over- with great earnestness, and not without some looked by an octangular summer-house, with a taste, a fragment of an old Scottish ditty :gilded bear on the top by way of vane. After

False love, and hast thou played me thus this feat, the brook, assuming its natural rapid

In summer among the flowers ? and fierce character, escaped from the eye down I will repay thee back again a deep and wooded dell, from the copse of which

In winter among the showers. arose a massive, but ruinous tower, the former

Unless again, again, my love,

Unless you turn again; habitation of the Barons of Bradwardine. The

As you with other maidens rove, margin of the brook, opposite to the garden, displayed a narrow meadow, or haugh, as it was called, which formed a small washing-green ;

Here lifting up his eyes, which had hitherto the bank, which retired behind it, was covered

been fixed in observing how his feet kept time by ancient trees.

to the tunc, he beheld Waverley, and instantly The scene, though pleasing, was not quite of surprise, respect, and salutation. Edward,

doffed his cap, with many grotesque signals the due donzellette garrule' of that enchanted though with little hope of receiving an answer paradise, for upon the green aforesaid two bare- whether Mr. Bradwardine were at home, or

to any constant question, requested to know fegged damsels, each standing in a spacious tub, where he could find any of the domestics. The performed with their feet the office

of a patent questioned party replied, and, like the witch washing - machine. These did not, however, like the maidens of Armida, remain to greet

of Thalaba, still his speech was song,'with their harmony the approaching guest,

The Knight's to the mountain but, alarmed at the appearance of a handsome

His bugle to wind;

The Lady's to greenwood stranger on the opposite side, dropped their

Her garland to bind. garments (I should say garment, to be quite

The bower of Burd Ellen correct) over their limbs, which their occupation

Has moss on the floor, exposed somewhat too freely, and, with a shrill

That the step of Lord William

Be silent and sure. exclamation of “Eh, sirs ?' uttered with an accent between modesty and coquetry, sprung This conveyed no information, and Edward, off like deer in different directions.

repeating his queries, received a rapid answer, Waverley began to despair of gaining entrance in which, from the haste and peculiarity of the into this solitary and seemingly enchanted dialect, the word “butler' was alone intelligible. mansion, when a man advanced up one of the Waverley then requested to see the butler; upon garden alleys, where he still retained his station. which the fellow, with a knowing look and nod Trusting this might be a gardener, or some of intelligence, made a signal to Edward to domestic belonging to the house, Edward de- follow, and began to dance and caper down the scended the steps in order to meet him; but as alley up which he had made his approaches.the figure approached, and long before he could A strange guide this, thought Edward, and not descry its features, he was struck with the oddity much unlike one of Shakspeare's roynish clowns. of its appearance and gestures.—Sometimes this I am not over prudent to trust to his pilotage ; mister wight held his hands clasped over his but wiser men have been led by fools. —By this head, like an Indian Jogue in the attitude of time he reached the bottom of the alley, where, penance; sometimes he swung them perpen, turning short on a little parterre of flowers, dicularly, like a pendulum, on each side ; and shrouded from the east and north by a close yew anon he slapped them swiftly and repeatedly hedge, he found an old man at work without his across his breast, like the substitute used by a hackney-coachman for his usual flogging exercise,

* This is a genuine ancient fragment, with some altera. when his cattle are idle upon the stand in a tion in the last two lines,

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