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myself to dine at any friend's; so I went | Feb. 6. Mr. Harley desired I would to Tooke, to give him a ballad and dine dine with him again to-day; but I rewith him; but he was not at home; so I fused him, for I fell out with him yeswas forced to go to a blind chop house, and terday, and will not see him again till dine for tenpence upon gill ale, bad broth, he makes me amends; and so I go to and three chops of mutton; and then go bed.

(160 reeking from thence to the first minister Feb. 7. I was this morning early with of state. And now I am going in charity to Mr. Lewis of the Secretary's office, and send Steele a Tatler, who is very low of saw a letter Mr. Harley had sent to him, late. I think I am civiller than I used (110 desiring to be reconciled; but I was deaf to be; and have not used the expression | to all entreaties, and have desired Lewis of "you in Ireland” and “we in England,” | to go to him, and let him know I expect as I did when I was here before, to your farther satisfaction. If we let these great great indignation.—They may talk of the ministers pretend too much, there will be you know what; but, gad, if it had not no governing them. He promises to make been for that, I should never have been me easy, if I will but come and see (170 able to get the access I have had; and if him; but I won't, and he shall do it by that helps me to succeed, then that same message, or I will cast him off. I'll tell thing will be serviceable to the church. you the cause of our quarrel when I see But how far we must depend upon (120 you, and refer it to yourselves. In that new friends, I have learned by long prac he did something, which he intended for tice, though I think, among great minis a favor, and I have taken it quite otherters, they are just as good as old ones. wise, disliking both the thing and the And so I think this important day has | manner, and it has heartily vexed me, made a great hole in this side of the paper; and all I have said is truth, though it and the fiddle faddles of to-morrow and looks like jest; and I absolutely re- (180 Monday will make up the rest; and, be fused to submit to his intended favor, sides, I shall see Harley on Tuesday be and expect further satisfaction. fore this letter goes.

Feb. 13. I have taken Mr. Harley into Feb. 4, 1711. I went to Mr. Addi- (130 favor again. son's, and dined with him at his lodgings; I June 30, 1711. We have plays acted had not seen him these three weeks; we are in our town, and Patrick was at one grown common acquaintance: yet what of them, oh, oh. He was damnably have I not done for his friend Steele? Mr. | mauled one day when he was drunk; he Harley reproached me the last time I saw was at cuffs with a brother footman, who him, that to please me, he would be recon dragged him along the floor on his (190 ciled to Steele, and had promised and ap face, which looked for a week after as if pointed to see him, and that Steele never he had the leprosy; and I was glad enough came. Harrison, whom Mr. Addison rec to see it. I have been ten times sending ommended to me, I have introduced to (140 him over to you; yet now he has new the Secretary of State, who has promised clothes, and a laced hat, which the hatme to take care of him; and I have repre ter brought by his orders, and he offered sented Addison himself so to the ministry, to pay for the lace out of his wages. that they think and talk in his favor, Farewell, my dearest lives and lights, I though they hated him before.—Well; he love you better than ever, if possible, as is now in my debt, and there's an end; and hope saved, I do, and ever will. [200 I never had the least obligation to him, God Almighty bless you ever, and make and there's another end. This evening us happy together; I pray for this twice I had a message from Mr. Harley, de every day; and I hope God will hear my siring to know whether I was alive, (150 poor hearty prayers. Remember, if I and that I would dine with him to-morrow. am used ill and ungratefully, as I have They dine so late, that since my head | formerly been, 'tis what I am prepared has been wrong, I have avoided being for, and shall not wonder at it. Yet, I am with them.

| now envied, and thought in high favor, eight was

not born to, and that is a disese me [220

and have every day numbers of con tears, and a great rabble was about the siderable men teasing me to solicit (210 house. In short, they fought at seven for them. And the ministry all use me this morning. The dog Mohun was perfectly well, and all that know them killed on the spot; and while the Duke was say they love me. Yet I can count upon over him, Mohun shortening his sword, nothing, nor will, but upon MD's love stabbed him in at the shoulder to the and kindness. They think me useful; heart. The Duke was helped toward the they pretended they were afraid of none cake-house by. the ring in Hyde Park but me; and that they resolved to have (where they fought), and died on the (270 me; they have often confessed this: yet grass, before he could reach the house; all makes little impression on me. Pox and was brought home in his coach by of these speculations! they give me (220 eight, while the poor Duchess was asleep. the spleen; and that is a disease I was Macartney, and one Hamilton, were the not born to.-Let me alone, sirrahs, and seconds, who fought likewise, and are be satisfied: I am, as long as MD and both fled. I am told, that a footman of Presto are well:

Lord Mohun's stabbed Duke of HamilLittle wealth, :

ton; and some say Macartney did so too.

Mohun gave the affront, and yet sent the
And much health,
And a life by stealth;

challenge. I am infinitely concerned (280

for the poor Duke, who was a frank, that is all we want; and so, farewell, honest, good-natured man. I loved him dearest MD; Stella, Dingley, Presto, all very well, and I think he loved me better. together, now and forever all to- (230 He had the greatest mind in the world gether. Farewell again and again.

to have me go with him to France, but May 31, 1712. I'll say no more to oo durst not tell it to me; and those he did, tonite, sellohs, because I must send away said I could not be spared, which was the letter, not by the bell, but early: true. They have removed the poor and besides, I have not much more to Duchess to a lodging in the neighborsay at zis plesent liting. Does MD never hood, where I have been with her two (290 read at all now, pee? But oo walk hours, and am just come away. I never plodigiousry, I suppose, -You make noth-| saw so melancholy a scene; for indeed all ing of walking to, to, to, ay, to Dony reasons for real grief belong to her; nor brook. I walk too as much as I can, (240 is it possible for any body to be a greater because sweating is good; but I'll walk loser in all regards. She has moved my more if I go to Kensington. I suppose | very soul. The lodging was inconvenient, I shall have no apples this year neither, and they would have removed her to for I dined t'other day with Lord Rivers, another; but I would not suffer it, bewho is sick at his country house, and he cause it had no room backward, and showed me all his cherries blasted. Nite she must have been tortured with 1300 deelest sollahs; farewell deelest Rives; the noise of the Grub Street screamers rove poor Pdfr. Farewell deelest richar mentioning her husband's murder to her MD, MD, MD, FW, FW, FW, FW, FW, ears. ME, ME, Lele, ME, Lele, Lele, (250 I believe you have heard the story of richar MD.

my escape, in opening the ben-box sent Nov. 15, 1712. Before this comes to to Lord-Treasurer. The prints have your hands, you will have heard of the told a thousand lies of it; but at last we most terrible accident that hath almost gave them a true account of it at length, ever happened. This morning at eight, | printed in the evening; only I would not my man brought me word that Duke of suffer them to name me, having been (310 Hamilton had fought with Lord Mohun, so often named before, and teased to and killed him, and was brought home death with questions. I wonder how I wounded. I immediately sent him to the came to have so much presence of mind, Duke's house, in St. James's Square; (260 which is usually not my talent; but so it but the porter could hardly answer for pleased God, and I saved myself and him;

for there was a bullet apiece. A gentle | late, and I'll go to bed. This looks (370

man told me, that if I had been killed, like journals. Nite. : the Whigs would have called it a judg Nov. 18. The committee of council is į ment, because the barrels were of ink to sit this afternoon upon the affair of

horns, with which I had done them [320 Duke of Hamilton's murder, and I hope so much mischief. There was a pure Grub a proclamation will be out against MaStreet of it, full of lies and inconsistencies. cartney. I was just now ('tis now noon)

I do not like these things at all, and I with the Duchess, to let her know Lordi wish myself more and more among my Treasurer will see her. She is mightily : willows. There is a devilish spirit among out of order. The jury have not yet - people, and the ministry must exert them brought in their verdict upon the cor- (380 i selves, or sink. Nite dee sollahs, I'll oner's inquest. We suspect Macartney go seep.

stabbed the Duke while he was fighting. Nov. 16. I thought to have finished The Queen and Lord-Treasurer are in this yesterday, but was too much (330 great concern at this event. I dine to-day disturbed. I sent a letter early this again with Lord-Treasurer; but must morning to Lady Masham, to beg her send this to the post-office before, because to write some comforting words to the else I shall not have time; he usually poor Duchess. I dined to-day with Lady | keeps me so late. Masham at Kensington. She has promised me to get the Queen to write to the Duchess kindly on this occasion; and to JOSEPH ADDISON (1672–1719) morrow I will beg Lord-Treasurer to visit and comfort her. I have been with From THE CAMPAIGN, A POEM TO her two hours again, and find her (340 HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF MARLworse. Her violences not so frequent, BOROUGH but her melancholy more formal and settled. She has abundance of wit and But, O my muse, what numbers wilt spirit; about thirty-three years old; hand thou find some and airy, and seldom spared any | To sing the furious troops in battle joined! body that gave her the least provocation; Methinks I hear the drum's tumultuous by which she had many enemies, and sound few friends. Lady Orkney, her sister-in The victor's shouts and dying groans conlaw, is come to town on this occasion, and found, behaved herself with great human- 1350 The dreadful burst of cannon rend the ity. They have always been very ill to skies, gether, and the poor Duchess could not And all the thunder of the battle rise! have patience when people told her I | 'Twas then great Marlborough's mighty went often to Lady Orkney's. But I am soul was proved. resolved to make them friends; for the | That, in the shock of charging hosts unDuchess is now no more the object of moved, envy, and must learn humility from the Amidst confusion, horror, and despair, severest master, Affliction. I design to | Examined all the dreadful scenes of war; make the ministry put out a proclama In peaceful thought the field of death surtion (if it can be found proper) against (360 veyed, that villain Macartney. What shall we To fainting squadrons sent the timely aid, do with these murderers? I cannot end Inspired repulsed battalions to engage, 285 this letter to-night, and there is no occa And taught the doubtful battle where to sion; for I cannot send it till Tuesday, and rage. the coroner's inquest on the Duke's body So when an angel by divine command is to be to-morrow, and I shall know no With rising tempests shakes a guilty land, more. But what care oo for all this? Iss, Such as of late o'er pale Britannia past, MD im sorry for poo Pdfr's friends; and Calm and serene he drives the furious this is a very surprising event. 'Tis blast,

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And, pleased the Almighty's orders to kinds, they do not seem to come up to the perform,

main design of such narrations, which, I Rides in the whirlwind, and directs the humbly presume, should be principally storm.

intended for the use of politic persons,

who are so public-spirited as to neglect HYMN

their own affairs to look into trans- (10 !

actions of state. Now these gentlemen, The spacious firmament on high,

for the most part, being persons of strong With all the blue ethereal sky,

zeal, and weak intellects, it is both a ! And spangled heavens, a shining frame, charitable and necessary work to offer Their great Original proclaim.

something, whereby such worthy and Th' unwearied Sun from day to day 5 well-affected members of the commonDoes his Creator's power display;

wealth may be instructed, after their And publishes to every land

reading, what to think; which shall be The work of an Almighty hand.

the end and purpose of this my paper,

wherein I shall, from time to time, (20 Soon as the evening shades prevail, report and consider all matters of what The Moon takes up the wondrous tale; 10 kind soever that shall occur to me, and And nightly to the listening Earth

publish such my advices and reflections Repeats the story of her birth:

every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday Whilst all the stars that round her burn, in the week, for the convenience of the And all the planets in their turn,

post. I resolve to have something which Confirm the tidings as they roll,

may be of entertainment to the fair sex, And spread the truth from pole to pole. in honor of whom I have invented the

title of this paper. I therefore earnestly What though in solemn silence all

desire all persons, without distinc- 130 Move round the dark terrestrial ball; tion, to take it in for the present gratis, What though no real voice nor sound and hereafter at the price of one penny, Amidst their radiant orbs be found? 20 forbidding all hawkers to take more for In Reason's ear they all rejoice,

it at their peril. And I desire all persons And utter forth a glorious voice;

to consider, that I am at a very great Forever singing as they shine,

charge for proper materials for this work, “The Hand that made us is divine.” as well as that, before I resolved upon it,

I had settled a correspondence in all parts

of the known and knowing world. And JOSEPH ADDISON (1672–1719) AND forasmuch as this globe is not trodden (40 RICHARD STEELE (1672–1729) upon by mere drudges of business only,

but that men of spirit and genius are From THE TATLER

justly to be esteemed as considerable

agents in it, we shall not, upon a dearth of PROSPECTUS

news, present you with musty foreign

edicts, and dull proclamations, but shall No. 1. Tuesday, April 12, 1709 divide our relation of the passages which

occur in action or discourse throughout Quicquid agunt homines

this town, as well as elsewhere, under nostri est farrago libelli.

such dates of places as may prepare (50 Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86.

you for the matter you are to expect in Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, the following manner. Our motley paper seizes for its theme. Pope. All accounts of gallantry, pleasure, and

entertainment, shall be under the article Though the other papers, which are of White's Chocolate-house; poetry, under published for the use of the good people of that of Will's Coffee-house; learning, England, have certainly very wholesome under the title of Grecian; foreign and effects, and are laudable in their particular | domestic news, you will have from St.

James's Coffee-house; and what else our consideration to examine into this I have to offer on any other subject (60 chimerical groundless humor, and to lay shall be dated from my own Apartment. every other thought aside, until we have

I once more desire my reader to con- | stripped it of all its false pretences to sider, that as I cannot keep an ingenious credit and reputation amongst men. man to go daily to Will's under two-pence But I must confess, when I consider each day, merely for his charges; to what I am going about, and run over in [20 White's under six-pence; nor to the Gre my imagination all the endless crowd of cian, without allowing him some plain men of honor who will be offended at Spanish, to be as able as others at the such a discourse, I am undertaking, melearned table; and that a good observer thinks, a work worthy an invulnerable cannot speak with even Kidney at 170 hero in romance, rather than a private St. James's without clean linen; I say, gentleman with a single rapier: but as these considerations will, I hope, make I am pretty well acquainted by great all persons willing to comply with my opportunities with the nature of man, humble request (when my gratis stock is and know of a truth that all men fight exhausted) of a penny apiece; especially against their will, the danger vanishes, 130 since they are sure of some proper amuse- and resolution rises upon this subject. ment, and that it is impossible for me to For this reason I shall talk very freely want means to entertain them, having, on a custom which all men wish exploded, besides the force of my own parts, the | though no man has courage enough to power of divination, and that I can, by [80 resist it. casting a figure, tell you all that will But there is one unintelligible word, happen before it comes to pass.

which I fear will extremely perplex my But this last faculty I shall use very dissertation, and I must confess to you sparingly, and speak but of few things I find very hard to explain, which is until they are passed, for fear of divulg the term “satisfaction.” An honest (40 ing matters which may offend our su country gentleman had the misfortune periors. * * *

to fall into company with two or three -STEELE. modern men of honor, where he hap

pened to be very ill-treated; and one of DUELLING

the company, being conscious of his

offense, sends a note to him in the mornNo. 25. Tuesday, June 7, 1709.' ing, and tells him, he was ready to give Quicquid agunt homines,

him satisfaction. “This is fine doing," -nostri est farrago libelli.

says the plain fellow; “last night he sent Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86. me away cursedly out of humor, and [50 Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, this morning he fancies it would be a Our motley paper seizes for its theme.-Pope. satisfaction to be run through the body.”

As the matter at present stands, it is WHITE'S CHOCOLATE-HOUSE, June 6. not to do handsome actions denominates A letter from a young lady, written a man of honor; it is enough if he dares in the most passionate terms, wherein to defend ill ones. Thus you often see a she laments the misfortune of a gentle- | common sharper in competition with a man, her lover, who was lately wounded gentleman of the first rank; though all in a duel, has turned my thoughts to mankind is convinced that a fighting that subject, and inclined me to examine gamester is only a pick-pocket with [60 into the causes which precipitate men into the courage of a highwayman. One canso fatal a folly. And as it has been pro not with any patience reflect on the unposed to treat of subjects of gallantry in accountable jumble of persons and things the article from hence, and no one (10 in this town and nation, which occasions point in nature is more proper to be con very frequently that a brave man falls sidered by the company who frequent by a hand below that of a common hangthis place than that of duels, it is worth | man, and yet his executioner escapes the

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