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18 DR. CHALMERS ON THE FRENCH REVOLUTION OF 1830.

It is a title given by the Lord Jesus It designates, according to Paul, the to twelve of his disciples whom he chief officers of the Christian church : selected from others and commissioned “God hath set some in the church, first to proclaim the approach of the reign of apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly heaven. “He chose twelve, whom also teachers.” 1 Corinthians xii. 28. The he named apostles.” Luke vi. 13. number of these apostles is in the Apoca

It is applied by the historian to lypso restricted to twelve: “Twelve Barnabas and Paul. Acts xiv. 14. foundations, and in them the names of

It is claimed by Paul as a distinction the twelve apostles of the Lamb.” Rev. to which he was entitled. “Am I not xxi. 14. an apostle ?" 1 Cor. ix. 1. One sent to It is used also respecting persons them, at all events, whether to others chosen by the churches in Macedonia or not, of which evidence was furnished to convey to Jerusalem contributions by their history. 1 Cor. ix. 2. “I am for the poor ; &nboto.o. Ecklyjowv, “mesappointed a preacher, and an apostle, sengers of the churches.” 2 Cor. vii. and a teacher of the Gentiles.” 2 Tim. 23. i. 11. Deriving his appointment not

It is used by Paul respecting Epafrom men but from Christ. Our dr' phroditus who had been sent by the ανθρώπου, αλλά διά Ιησού Χριστού, και Philippians to him with a present: Deoữ matpos, Galatians i. 1; emphatically, “Your messenger.” juwv dróorolos. The apostle of the Gentiles, ciye dywPhil. ii. 25. εθνών απόστολος. Romans xi. 13. The distinctive tokens of an apostle,

In the English Testament, this word according to Paul, were “signs, and is transferred instead of being translated, wonders, and mighty deeds.” 2 Cor. xii. in every instance, except the three 12. So also Matt. x. 1. “He them

gave

following: power against unclean spirits, to cast John xiii. 16..... Neither is he that is sent greater them out, and to heal all manner of 2 Cor. viii, 23... The messengers of the churches, sickness and all manner of disease.” Phil. ii. 25. ...... Your messenger.

DR. CHALMERS ON THE FRENCH REVOLUTION OF 1830.

ABOUT a month after the French ( us good reason to believe that the ultirevolution, Mr. J. J. Gurney was in mate diffusion of pure Christianity in Edinburgh, where, during a period of the world must be preceded by comconfinement, he had almost daily inter- motion and confusion and distress of course with Dr. Chalmers. "I have nations. Look at the new French revofound his visits," he writes, "like two lution—there is much that one apthings of which I have lately experi- proves at present both in its tendency enced the vast importance--a tonic for and its results. But you see it has been the faint, and a crutch for the lame. effected by the growth of merely human The new revolution in France, and the intelligence—by the working of the uncommotions which have since taken regenerate mind without a particle of place in other parts of Europe, have of Christian principle. It is just the course been the subject of daily thought, striving of the natural wisdom and meditation, and converse. "I think,' pride of man after that which we are said Dr. Chalmers, the scriptures afford apt to conceive to be the consummation of our happiness—a condition of in- (viduals or to nations. I am prepared dependence. I am not one of those who to expect, that on the efforts which are underrate the value of civil and political now making in the world to regenerate liberty; but I am well assured that it our species, without religion, God will is only the principles of Christianity impress the stamp of a solemn and exwhich can impart true security, pros- pressive mockery.'- Memoirs of Dr. perity, and happiness, either to indi- Chalmers, Vol. III.

THE LAST DAYS OF PALEY.

In a conversation with Dr. Chalmers of his other works.” Our Lord has Mr. J.J. Gurney mentioned an anecdote declared, that except we are converted, which he had heard of Paley in his last and become as little children,' we shall illness. When not far from his end, in no wise enter the kingdom of Paley, in conversing with some of his heaven.' I have heard that this lucid family or friends, took a calm review of and powerful writer became a little his several works. He expressed the child, in the best sense of the terms, deep regret and dissatisfaction which at before he died. I have also heard it that awful time he felt in the recollec- stated, on what appeared to be good tion of his “Moral Philosophy.” He authority, that had his posthumous was happy to believe that his “ Natural sermons been chronologically arranged, Theology” and “Evidences of Chris- they would have displayed a gradually tianity” were sound and useful works; progressive change from a sort of semibut the book on which his mind then Pelagianism, to a sound and evangelical dwelt with the greatest pleasure was view of Christianity. It is delightful his “Horæ Paulinæ." Chalmers replied, to be able to ascribe such a man as “I am not surprised at this. It is an Paley to the company of true believers admirable statement of evidence, and in a crucified Redeemer."--Memoirs of displays a more masterly hand than any | Dr. Chalmers, Vol. III.

ONE OF SOLOMON'S SAYINGS.
“A soft answer turneth away wrath;

Bat grievous words stir up anger,"-Prov. xv. 1. How true is this ! "I could not be blameless, but the greater part of the angry," it is often said, “he received guilt is chargeable on the cruel, cold, me so mildly." Nothing quenches the malignant tempter--the utterer of the fiery darts of an infuriated opponent so "grievous words.” readily as kindness; while irritating Ilow admirably are the lessons of replies kindle a flame that can with scripture adapted to promote the welfare dificulty be extinguished. Are we not of society! How important it is to chargeable with sin then, for having imitate His example who “when he was excited anger in others ? Some take reviled reviled not again, when he suffered pleasure in saying the most provoking threatened not, but committed himself things with perfect coolness, and calmly to Him that judgeth righteously!” Oh expecting the result. The man who is for more of “the meekness and gentlemade angry, in such a case, is not ness of Christ.”

HOME

This busy world is a stirring place, ]

With its gay and eager crowd;
Its scenes are changing and wondrous strange,

And its voice is harsh and loud!
The struggle of most that join with the throng

Is to gain but a selfish end;
In the noise and bustle we rarely meet

With a true and a loving friend.

What a treasure we have in a peaceful home!

No language its worth can tell !
'Tis the poor man's earthly heritage ;

His home that he loves right well.
It may be found in the palace hall,

Or beneath the stately dome ;
But the cottage of humble poverty

Is the best and the dearest home.

If love had no spot she could call her own

When the welcome shades of the evening give To grace with her radiant smile,

To his arm a season of rest, The world would indeed be a dreary placo

The labourer speeds to the home of his love, For man to mourn in awhile.

As the wearied bird to its nest. But it is not thus ;—there's a hallowed place There the accents of love fall soft on his soul, Where love and friendship may come,

Like the gentle dew of heaven; When the chilling touch of the world we may change And his heart grows glad at the smiles of those For the fond embrace of home.

Whom a gracious God hath given.

The name of home is a pleasant sound,

Soft music to every heart;
It wakens up memories solemn and sweet,

With which we are loath to part.
It carries us back to our early days,

When no care had darkened our brow, When we sported in boyish playfulness,

And lived as we cannot now.

The seaman thinks of his distant home,

When the ocean is still and asleep ;
And his thoughts outstrip the furious blast,

When it dashes across the deep.-
The soldier, when darkness gathers around,

And the watch-fires fitfully gleam,
Lays him down to rest on a foreign soil,

And home is his fondest dream.

It whispers gently of those who are gone,

Let us prize our homes ;-and fervently pray

But who live in our hearts' best love ;
Who have left the sorrows and troubles of time,

To live and be happy above :-
of thoso whose presence brightened our home,

And whose love was true and deep ;The thought of them was a sad delight,

It charms whilst it makes us weep.

That love may reign there still,
That the holy sunshine of her bright smile

May our hearts with gladness fill.
For a home without love is as gloomy and cold

As a cavern dark and deep,
Into which the rays of the cheerful sun

Are almost afraid to creep.

But though some have gone and wait for us now

Till we join them in peace at last,
Our home is not yet left desolate,

Its joys are not all of the past.
For generous hearts are yet beating there,

Whose love is our noblest prize ;
Where our name still lingers pleasantly,

Where our memory never dies.

But in all our joy, let us never suppose

That an earthly home is our rest;
For death will come for our dearest friends,

Or for us, as God thinks best.
Ah! why is that downcast look? There's a heaven,

The gift of a Saviour's love,
And his faithful ones shall live again

In a brighter home above.

O Home! thou art not a mere earthly place,

To be met with in any land !
Thou art something more sacred, more bearenly by

far,
Than is fashioned by man's rough hand.
Where the gentle word is spoken oft,

Where the look of kindness is seen,
Where the love of the soul beameth bright in the

eye,
It is there thou hast ever been.

There the mourner will bid farewell to his woe,

For no sorrow can enter there ;
And the weary pilgrim will sink into rest,

Beneath his Father's care.
There the fond mother will meet her child,

And death shall no more annoy ;
There angels will welcome the heir of heaven

To his home of unfading joy.
l'niversity College, London.

LEO.

REVIEWS.

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The Sacraments. An Inquiry into the "ought to be designated. Practically,

Nature of the Symbolic Institutions of the “ it is a registration of those who are Christian Religion, usually called The

“admitted to a course of instruction, Sacraments. By ROBERT Halley, D.D.,“ preparatory to their reception into Part II. The Lord's Supper. London :

“ the fellowship of a Christian church. Jackson and Walford. 8vo. pp. 387.

“Emblematically, it is a sign of the The writer of an able article in the “sanctifying influence of the truths in “ Eclectic Review” for last month com- which they are instructed. According mences his observations with these “ to this exposition Jesus made and words :-"As the 'Eclectic Review' is “ baptized disciples in the sense of conducted on principles common to the “ learners not of converts. The design 'baptist' and other nonconformist of this Lecture is to show that learners churches, we could not notice in this “ are to be still designated by the rite journal Dr. Halley's former volume; of baptism." and for the same reason, we are pre- In this passage it is evidently the cluded from noticing those parts of the purpose of Dr. Halley to teach that no first lecture in the second volume which other qualification for the rite of baptouch on the same controversy." If | tism is necessary than a willingness to be this gentleman will turn to the Eclectic instructed. Subsequently, he asserts Review for February, 1845, he will find this in other unmistakeable language ; there a critique on Dr. Halley's former saying, “ Since his resurrection, the volume occupying more than thirty great truth announced to the world pages; but as he assigns this reason for “ is, that Jesus the Christ is crucified passing over the first sixty-seven pages “ for our sins, and raised for our justiof this volume, we may suppose that it “fication. All who hearing this truth, will be thought by intelligent men that are willing to become learners of the these sixty-seven pages have special “Christian doctrine, ought to be placed claims on the attention of such journals“ under the elementary instruction of as our own. This, and other consider- “ the church and to be designated by ations, among which may be reckoned the initiatory rite of baptism. When our sincere respect for the author, have these learners understand the doctrine, induced us to read these sixty-seven“ furnish satisfactory evidence of subpages carefully, to endeavour to form a “ mission to its power, and correctly just estimate of their contents, and to “ appreciate the responsibilities of determine to present to our readers an “church fellowship, they ought to be early report.

“ received, as disciples indeed, not as The opening paragraph contains the “ learners, but as converts, to the fellowauthor's statement of his design. It is “ship of the church, and the comthis :

“munion of the Lord's supper.” p. 2. “Baptism, as it has been explained Having argued for this theory at very “ in preceding Lectures, is an ordinance considerable length, Dr. Halley proceeds “ of Christ, by which all persons re- "to inquire what influence this opinion “ ceived under Christian instruction" ought to have upon the practice of “ infant baptism.” In proving, to his that objection to the baptism of infants own satisfaction, that neither faith nor which is derived from their want of a profession of faith, neither repentance scriptural qualification for the rite. nor a profession of repentance is neces- Here then we might terminate this sary to entitle to baptism, he evidently article, were we mere controvertists ; thinks that he has removed formidable but as lovers of truth, willing to hear objections to that practice. “If enough and to increase learning, we are ready “ has been said to prove that baptism to attend to Dr. Halley's reasoning with

was not restricted to accredited be- openness and candour. It may be the lievers, but administered to other more easy to examine them impartially

applicants as disciples or learners, inasmuch as we see that the admission “ these remarks may be sufficient to of their truth would not affect the great “ show that the children of believers practical question respecting the bap“are entitled to the same recognition tism of those who are not yet old enough

as belonging to the kingdom of God.” to be “applicants” or in any way to But in this part of the lecture he seems evince their willingness to learn. Is it to us to lose sight of his own doctrine, so then that baptism is "a registration and to proceed upon the supposition of “ of those who are admitted to a course something very different from that for “ of instruction preparatory to their which he had been arguing. Apparently “reception into the fellowship of a Chrisit never occurred to him that so long tian church?” Has Christ, or have as he admitted that the recipients of any of his inspired servants taught us baptism were to be previously those this ? who “hearing this truth,” that Jesus Dr. Halley must forgive us if we the Christ was crucified for our sins stumble at the outset. This word and raised for our justification—were “admitted” produces perplexity in our “ willing to become learners of the minds. It has been our practice to give “ Christian doctrine,"or, according to the instruction freely to all comers, not phraseology of the last quotation, “ap- reserving any mysteries for a select “plicants," so long he had done nothing class. Can Dr. Halley mean that he at all to vindicate the baptism of an admits to a course of instruction of a unconscious babe. The child of six certain kind, only the baptized? Is he weeks old, though it be the child of so rigid a strict communionist as this? members of a Christian church, is no Does he not only repel from the fellowmore an "applicant” than it is “a ship of a Christian church, the unbapbeliever ;” such infants, of whomsoever tized among his devout acquaintance, born, are no more “willing to become but even repel them from preparatory

learners of the Christian doctrine" instruction? If not, in what sense can than they are professors of the truth; and baptism be practically, a registration of can no more be “baptized disciples in those who are admitted to a course of “ the sense of learners ” than in the sense instruction preparatory to their recep6 of converts." We are not saying tion into the fellowship of a Christian that Dr. Halley has brought forward no church ? What is there, we wonder, arguments in favour of infant baptism : that he would be unwilling to teach our he has produced some, though none that children, which he would readily conappear to us to be weighty ; but we sent to make known to the baptized do say that if he had demonstrated the children, of his own flock? What is truth of his principal position, he would there in the Christian system which he have effected nothing towards removing would have concealed from the late

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