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and his creditors bave utterly ruined a their own terms (a concession which the man; when he is in gaol ; and when other creditors cannot, and will not, all bis property has been wasted; then, grant); and then, no man will expose and not till then, the legislature tenders his distresses, anticipate a sentence of its relief, But the victim has been de- death on himself, or take misfortube by stroyed ; and it might as well be at- the forelock, but will deler the evil hour tempted to raise the dead to life, as to by every means in bis power, and will attempt, at that period, to render any seek to avert bis pending ruin by all service to an unfortunate debtor, or pro- those means which do but render it cure any restitution to his injured credi- more certain, and at the same time intors. Yet our legislators wonder that volve in one common ruia many of his the dividends on insolvent estates do not confiding creditors. exceed a penny in the pound! And The law may as insolently as foolishthey cannot perceive that men do not go ly propose relief when relief is useless ; to gaol till they are without either pro- that is, when the man is in gaol, and perty or friends!

after he has been there a certain time; li it be not waste of words to argue but it would be difficult, in the bistory with such logicians, I would tell them, of legislation, to produce an instance of that all good laws are liberal laws; and more deliberate cruelty, absurdity, and that all illiberal laws, are either defeated folly. I propose, therefore in the name of by the liberul feelings of society, or ag- common sense, truth, and justice, that a gravate the mischiefs which they fool- law shall be passed in terms and effect isbly profess to cure.

like the following: At the present time, the law alone is Whereas many statutes have been the radical cause of all the miseries of passed which have attempted to relieve debtors, and of nearly all the losses of insolvent deblors when in confinement, creditors.

und it has been found by experieace that Place debtors on a liberal footing, no debtor is confined till all, or the greatand enable a man who finds his affairs er part of his property, has been wastgoing wrong, to meet his creditors with ed, so that in some thousand cases the a prospect of relief, and with a probable creditors have not received one penny chance of getting thro' his difficulties : in the pound ; it is hereby enacted, for and then instead of putting off the evil the purpose of encouraging embarrassday, and fighting with his creditors inched or insolvent persons to make known to by inch till all his property is wasted, their creditors while they have property till be is in gaol, utterly ruined, and his left, that it shall be competent for threeprospects blasted,) he will, on suffering fifths in number in amount of the boná any heavy loss, or on meeting with any fide creditors, to agree to such terms, disappointment which diminishes his compromise or arrangement, as may be power of payment, convene bis credi- formally submitted to them, and as they tors, lay before them the state of his af- shull consider it to be for the benefil of fairs, ask for time, give security, assign the debtor and creditors ; and thut the bis effects in trust, or enter into some register of such agreement, signed by compromise, which may lead to the such creditors, und certified by an alpayment of his creditors either in full,or torney-ul-law, in the insolvent debtors' in considerable part; while, at the same court at Westminster, shall be sufficient time, he is thereby enabled to maintain answer in l.vw to all suits which have his own respectability in society. been or may be commenced against the

On the other hand, let the law remain deblor for any debts or liabilities incuras it does, that is, let it be in the power red previous to such arrangement. of any two or three avaricious, or mali- It being provided in every such case, cious, or indecisive creditors, to refuse, that a meeting shall be duly convened or hesitate to be a party to any proposed by an attorney-at-law, of every known arrangement which satisfies all the other creditor for above five pounds, and of creditors; and let it remain in the power every person to whom a note of hand or of this minority, to insist on making acceptance has been granted, by notices VOL. 6.]

Rev. D. Blair on School Discipline.


sent three days before such meeting to Il is further enacted, that in cases in the usual place of address of the credi- which inree-fifths of the creditors do tor ; thut al such meeting, a detailed not assent to the propositions made to statement of the debtor's liabilities und them by the debtor or his ultorney, in assets shall be submitted, and his pro- manner aforesaid, the said debtor is posilion made ; when another meeling subject to the lau's against insolvent shall be appointed within seven days, debtors and bankrupts, as they are at and the statement and proposition in the present in force. meantime shall be printed, or copied, And, to guard against unnecessary und sent to every creditor, within ihree expences and exaclions attending the days of the proposed second meeting, proposed arrungements, it is enacted, when the stulement and proposul shull that no allorney, for calling and attenbe further considered ; and, if accepted ding a meeting, or certifying the agreeby a majority of those present, lwo trus- ment, shall be entitled to more than lees, if necessary, shall be chosen, and five pounds on euch ; no accountant, such other arrungements mude, as to a for stating the accounts, to more than majority shall seem 'meet, preparatory five pounds ; nor uny printer, lo more to the signatures, within ten days, of than forly shillings, for printing the others constituting at least three-fifths of siatement as aforesuid ; and the putthe whole in number and amount. ting of notices, duly addressed, in the

Provided also, that for every fifty two-penny or general post-offices, in the miles which u creditor resides from the presence of one witness, shall be considresidence of the debtor, an additional ered as evidence of the delivery of the day's notice shull be given, and the as- notices required by this Act." sent of such credilors, by lelter sent by Such a law would place the industripost, shall be binding and sufficient; ous traders of Britain in a comparative and that no commission of bankruptcy heaven, compared with the condition in or judgment against the person or goods which they have been placed by the of the debtor or debtors shall be carried existing laws, under the snares, traps, into effect. pending any first attempt to and villanies, to which they have given effect such arrangement or compromise, rise. The private interests of debtors on the same being notified by the uttorney. and creditors would thus be within their

And, for the purpose of guarding own keeping and controul, and a man, agains' frauds and impositions it is fur- in going into trade, would not be plather provided, thut all persons who shull cing bimself on a magazine of gun-powfulsely represent themselves as boná- der, whicb,by some unforeseen accident, fide creditors, for the purpose of voting against which no human foresight could at any meeting, or signing any compro- guard, mighi, in an instant overwhelm mise or arrangemement, and who shill and destroy him. not appear to huve had any probable Three-fifths of a body of boná-fide ground for considering themselves as creditors, would not be likely to conreul creditors, he, she, or they, shull, on spire with the debtor to defraud the othconviction, be transported for the term er two-fifths; and, if they proved not of fourteen years : and any debtor to be boná-fide creditors, or were conproved to connive in such fraudulent victed of such conspiracy, their punishattempt, shall be deprived of the bene- ment would, and ought to be exemplafit of this Act, and suffer seven years' ry and terrible. transportation.



From the Monthly Magazine.

MANY of your correspondents have practical effect; for the system continued

rep. obated the system of corporal necessary, till some efficacious plan punishments in schools, but with little could be contrived ; and, like all other

bad systems, it has been continued till This serves, then, to apprize your a better should present itselt, which benevolent correspondents, and all who proinised results equally certain and de- feel interested on the subject, that I have terminate.

contrived a School-master's and also a No School-masters, even those of the Governess's Register of the good and great public schools, where they consi- bad conduct of their pupils; which, it der flogging as a healthful exercise, will is agreed by all who have seen them, continue to defend the systein, if it can will, in every school where they are inbe shewn that they have it in their troduce be the means of substituting power to adopt another, which carries high feelings of emulation, in place of with it a prospect of success ; but, in the degrading terrors of the birch and the absence of all substitutes, there has the cane. As they are sold at a low been no alternative but to continue the price, and are therefore easy of access whipping and caning systems, however to all who are interested, I shall not fill repugnant to the feelings of masters and your columns with further observations, parents, and bowever ignominious to which may wear the appearance of pupils, and ruinous of their pride and vanity, but submit the plan, with due emulation.

deference, to public animadversion.
July 5, 1819.




From the London Monthly Magazines.

the fame of many extraordinary bards I

persons, of little learning, and corrupt amongst“ the wondertul of the earth" taste, affect to display superior judg. by the stupid and silly admirers of their ment, by expressing their doubts as to heterogeneous compositions. the justice of Pope's claim to the title of Poet ; but the question has been long PAINTING, SCULPTURE, &c. since decided by Doctor Johoson's lu- Painting was at no contemptible minous essay on this subject, wherein it height in South America when it was is maintained that Pope possessed more subdued by the Spaniards, since Monrare and great qualificalions than be- tezuma shewed to Cortez a complete long to most of our esteemed Poets : representation, in colours, of the first froin the decision of Johnson no suc- landing of tbose fatal visitors, of their ceeding critic of acknowledged taste bas arms, their horses, and of those fierce dared to dissent. If the title of Poet dogs, whose presence conveyed more was to be confined to those exclusively terror to the Indians than even that of who excel Pope, we should be forced to their masters. degrade many illustrious names of an

Simon Siemmi, who flourished at cient and inodern times. The world Sienna in the beginning of the fourhas not yet produced more than twelve teenth century, was the first painter poets of the highest order, amongst who, by way of explanation, put scrolls whom England glories in Milton and into the moutbs of bis figures; a pracShakspeare.

tice which became afterwards not unPope cannot be deemed worthy of common.* A piece of his is now exista place even amongst those of the sec. ing, wherein the devil, almost expiring ond order, where Dryden, Gray, and from the severe pureuit of a saint, exByron stand“ proudly eminent :" but

It must not be omitted, that Boccacio imputes assuredly he merits a high station the rise of this ridiculous and tasteless fashion to the amongst third-rate poets; and his works waggish advice given by Bufalmacco, a noted bufwill be read with delighi by persons of foon, to one Le Bruno, a simple brother of the propure and cultivated taste, long after fession, who asked his counsel how he should make VOL. 6.] Discovery of Painting in Oil Colours-Women.

the expression of his figures understood by the specblack oblivion shall have extinguisbed mators."

199 elaims, “ Ohime ! Non posso piu !”+ Egyptian migration, passing the Nile in A portrait of the same infernal person- a barge, as richly ornamented as that of age proved fatal to Spinello Aretino, an Cleopatra. artist of Arezzo, in the same age. He Lanfranc has thrown churchmen in had drawn the prince of the air under a their robes at the feet of our Saviour, form so exquisitely hideous, that he wben an infant; and Paul Veronese is never could erase the idea from bis said to have introduced several Benemind. One night a dream represented dictines among the guests at the feast of to his frighted imagination that awful Cana.t spirit, under the same horrid appear

Tintoret arms the Hebrews, while ance, standing before him in a menacing picking manna in the desert, with modattitude, and reproaching him for draw- ern fire-arms ; and to complete the cliing so very homely a likeness. Spinello max, a painter has allowed the good awoke in an agony of dread ; he had thief a confessor with a crucifix in his barely senses left to tell the tale, before band ! his reason gave way, and for the short The discovery, which the world time he survived, a fearful insanity owes as is generally believed, to Vannever left him.

Eyck, of painting with oil-colours, soon Not much later lived Paulo Mazzo- led to a most cruel murder. Dominico chi, surnamed Uccello. Whatever his Beccafumi had been taught this great talents were as a painter, he was surely secret by Antonio of Messina, who had no accurate natural philosopher ; for in gained it, not very fairly, from Vana piece representing the four elements, Eyck. Beccalumi imparted it to Anwherein fishes marked the sea, moles the drea del Castano, who, eager to be the earth, and a salamander the fire, he sole possessor of such a treasure, assaswished to bave pointed out the air by, sinated bis friend and benefactor. The a cameleon ; but not knowing how to unsuspecting Beccafumi, wounded to draw that scarce aniinal, he contented death, was carried to bis false comrade's himself, from a similitude of sounds, to apartments, and actually breathed his introduce a camel, who, extending his last in the arms of his murderer. Anlong neck, souffs up the breezes around drea, now fearless of a rival in his art, him.

flourished without suspicion, and lived Qui ne seroit indigne,” says a long, loaded with riches and honours. French critic,“ de voir (en Sannazar,) On his death-bed, however, the horrors Junon, aux couches de la Vierge ? of guilt overtook him, he made a public Un evangeliste, (en Arioste,) s'interesser confession of his crimes, and died deau destio de Roland ? Et qui ne

tested and execrated by his fellowriroit de voir Vulcain presenter des citizens. armes à St. Louis, (en le Pere Le Moine,) pour le succes de Croisades ?"*

WOMEN, Had M. Bardon, who wrote this Bonna, an Amazon of the fifteenth stricture, attended to the works of old, century, has less general renown than nay modern painters, he mighe have found her shining qualities seem to have inermuch greater absurdities than those which ited. Bruporo, a warrior of Parma, be complains of among poets.

saw her in the lowest state of rusticity. He might bave found in one piece, Struck with an indescribable expression Joseph, he husband of the Bless d Vir- in her countenance, he attached her to gin, employing his art, as a carpenter, binself, and took her every where with in forining a Confessional.

him, dressed in the habit of a man. A late Neapolitao artist has repre- She soon became an excellent politician, sented the Holy Family, during their and gained such an ascendancy over the + " Oh! Oh! It is all over with me!"

sagacious nobles of Venice, that they ** How ridiculous, to see Jino assisting at the appointed her protector, Brunoro, G-nnativity of our Lord, an evangelist anxious about eral of their troops, with a large salary. Count Orlando, and Vulcan giving to St. Louis a suit Thinking herself bound to share with ofarmour for his crusade !"

+ C. Aigarotti.

her husband (for such he was now bee all those pranks which youth alone can come) the dangers to which she had in- render supportable. He ran extreme troduced him, she tought by his side at hazards to catch a glance of bis mistress; the head of his troops, stormed the he consumed whole nights in drinking strongest fortre-ses, and seconded him bumpers to her health ; and, when he with vigour and success, in the delence obtained her band, be made such exof Negropont, against the Mahometans, travagantly noisy rejoicings, that all the Sbe died in 14 16, leaving behind her country round thought a bloody contest an alınost unequalled reputation for ad. was deciding in the field. This second dress and bravery.

race of love was, however, very short.

He died in six weeks, having first egreA celebrated female saint (Theresa) giously tarnished bis fame as a General, used to describe the Devil as, “ An un. by a total neglect of bis military duty. happy being, who never could know what it was to love."

We excuse, io a late great writer, bis

narrow party spirit, bis ungentlemanThe Germans, according to Tacitus,

like behaviour to those who songht bis believed that there was something di acquaintance, * and bis ingratitude 10 believed that there was something di- his hospitable entertainers in the North,t vine in young women. • Inese quine. in consideration of those early distresses tiam sanctum aliquid, et providum, pu- which prevented his keeping that kind tant."

of company which might have softened After reading this elegant compliment But when we read the following delib

his rugged demeanor into politeness. paid by pagans and barbarians to the fair-sex, what shall we say to a Council that, at the time the critic was penning

erate abuse of the fair sex, and reflect, of enlightened Prelates, held at Macon, this gross and untrue assertion, he was in France, who bad very hot disputes in the daily habit of receiving the most concerning the pretensions of women to

delicate and unremitted attentions be human creatures! Happily, for the

from an accomplished woman, who honour of common sense, the claim of

otherwise attached to him, the ladies was allowed.

than by the ties of friendship, and by From the creation to the present day, could restrain himsell from a wish to

pity for his sickly frame, who is it that women have made men what they please. toss the unmanly author in a blanket, alIf however, any particular description of though Rasselas' peeped out of one of persons have been, more than others,

bis pockets, and the Rambler from antheir own, we must name soldiers, in

other? cluding the heroes of ancient story,

Jo comparing the Lutrin with the Sampson, David, and Solomon. Marc

Rape of the Lock, he says, “ the freaks, Anthony and Belisarius, with bundreds

and bumours, and spleen, and vanity of more, afford proof enough of this posi- women, as they embroil families in distion. In later times, John Banier, one of the best generals Eirope ever knew, cord, and fill houses with disquiet; do and an eleve of the great Gustavus Adol

more to obstruct the happiness of life in

a year, than the ambition of the clergy phus, gained bis glory by one woman,

in and lost it by another. While the wise


Johuson's Lives ceniuries."

of Poets, Vol IV. p. 189. whom he brought from Sweden lived, he was successful in every undertaking.

CHILD STEALING. She accompanied him every where, reg. ulated all his enterprises, and pointed May 28,1819, Charles Rennet was put out the path to glory. She died, and to the har, on the charge of stealing the his despair at first prompted him to fol- child of Mr. Horsley, of Canonburylow her. At her funeral, however, the lane, Islington. The indictment have view of a lovely youngGerina Princess, ing been read, the ca-e, was opened, checked his grief, and made him love

• Mrs. Piozzi's Anecdotes, passsim. again. Tho' late in life, be performed + Tour to Scotland, passim.

was no

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