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ST. ALBYN, LANGLEY, esq. of Alfoxton, in the county of Somerset, M.A. of Bal

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liol College, Oxford, b. 13th August, 1785, m. 10th February, 1810, Frances, only surviving daughter of the Rev. Lawrence Heard Luxton, B. A. of Ash Priors, in the same county, by Frances, his wife, only daughter of Thomas Cridland, esq. of Weacombe, in the same county, and widow of Robert Blake, esq. of Ash Priors, and has issue,

LANCELot, b. 8th April, 1811.

Henry, b. 20th December, 1819.


Caroline. This gentleman, whose patronymic is GRAVENOR, succeeded to the estates, in Somerset and Devon, of his paternal great uncle, the Rev. Lancelot St. Albyn, M.A. (who died 22nd January, 1791,) on coming of age, 13th August, 1806, and on the 19th of the same month, in compliance with the will of the said Lancelot St. Albyn, assumed, by royal license, the surname and arms of ST. ALBYN only.

Mr. St. Albyn is a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for the county of Somerset, and was for some years a captain in the West Somerset Local Militia, on the first enrollment of that force, commanded by Thomas Buckler Lethbridge, esq.


The St. AlBYNs deduce their origin from Saint Albine in Normandy, and having followed Willia M the Conqueror into England, were for many centuries settled in the north of Devon, possessed of considerable estates in the several parishes of George Ham, Berynarber, and Paracombe. At Pickwell, an ancient seat of the family, in the parish of George Ham, are to be seen the horse-lance and quoit of Maugre St. Albyn, and in the church of that place is his effigy, in a recumbent position, on his tomb. In 1439, John St. ALBYN, esq. of Paracombe, married Joan, daughter and heir of Richard Popham, esq. of Alfoxton, in the county of Somerset, and widow of John Sydenham, esq. of Badialton, in the same county. This lady, having survived both her husbands, gave Orchard (now Orchard Wyndham), and the lands she had from her mother, to her son by Sydenham, and Alfoxton, and the lands she had from her father, to her son by St. Albyn ; which latter John St. AlBYN, of Alfoxton, m. Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of John Trevitt, esq. of Chilton Trevitt, in the county of Somerset, and by her was father of two sons, the elder of whom, John St. AlBYN, of Alfoxton, m. Cicely, daughter of John Emmerford or Hyndford, esq. of Coker, in the county of Dorset, by whom he had five sons and six daughters. The eldest son was

GeoRGE St. Alby N, of Alfoxton, who m. Margaret, daughter of John Acland, esq. of Acland, in the county of Devon, and to him s. the elder of his three sons, viz. John St. ALBYN, of Alfoxton, who m. Alice, daughter of John Lyte, esq. of Lyte's Cary, in the county of Somerset. From this marriage was an issue of nine sons and eight daughters; of which sons, the third, LANCELot St. ALBYN, inherited Alfoxton, and m. Elizabeth, sister of Sir Nicholas Halswell, knt. of Halswell, in the county of Somerset. This union produced seven sons and five daughters: the eldest son, John St. ALBYN, of Alfoxton, m. Margaret, daughter of John Dodington, esq. of Dodington, in the county of Somerset, and had four sons and four daughters: the eldest Son, John St. ALBYN, succeeded to the estates, but d. without issue ; and the second son, Christopher St. Albyn, never having married, the family succession was maintained by the third son, LANCELot St. ALBYN, of Perry, in the parish of East Quantockshead, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of John St. Albyn, esq. of Nether Stowey, in the county of Somerset, and by her he had two daughters, and an only son, John St. ALBYN, of Holford, who m. Amy, daughter of Francis Bawden, esq. of Stogursey, in the county of Somerset, by whom he had four sons and four daughters: the eldest son,

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dying however without issue, and being the last of his family in the male line, he bequeathed his estates on the death of his wife, which took place 1st July, 1803, to the elder son, when he should attain the age of twentyone years, of his nephew, St. Alby N GRAvenor, who was the elder son of his eldest sister, Elizabeth St. Albyn, who had m. William Gravenor, merchant, of Bristol. St. Albyn Gravenor m. Mary, the only surviving daughter of Joseph Langley, esq. of Great Farringdon, in the county of Berks, of which marriage, LANgley (now LANgley St. ALBYN) is the only surviving son, and as such became entitled, on the 13th August, 1806, to the estates of his late paternal great uncle, the Rev. Lancelot St. Albyn, and from that time he has been the representative of the ancient family at Alfoxton.

Arms—Erm. on a bend sa, three bezants.

Crest—A wolf, sejant, erm. collar, ring and line reflexed over the back or.

Motto—Deus meus Dux meus.

Estates—In the counties of Somerset and Devon.



HOOD-JACOMB, ROBERT, esq. of Bardon Park, in the county of Leicester, b. 8th July, 1794, m. 29th March, 1821, Susan, daughter of John Kemp, esq. of Broom

Hills, Essex, and has issue,

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This gentleman, whose patronymic is Jacomb, inherited Bardon Park in 1833, at the decease of William Hood, esq. and assumed, by that gentleman's desire, the additional

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daughter of George Lyttleton, esq. of Holbeach, in Staffordshire, third son of Sir John Lyttleton, knt. the greatgrandson of Sir Thomas Lyttleton, the judge, and had a daughter, Margaret. Paul, D. D. born at Bardon Park in 1586, entered at Lincoln College, Oxford, in 1602, rector thereof in 1620, vice-chancellor in 1661, d. in 1668, aged eighty-two, leaving by Dorcas, his wife, a son and daughter, Job, of St. Martin's Ludgate, London, died intestate about the year 1676.

Elizabeth, m. to the Rev. John Parkes, rector of Clagdon, Nor

thamptonshire. Judith, who married (without her father's consent) — Siston, and had issue. Anne, m. to James Boyle, esq. and had issue. Catherine, m. to — Jones, esq. and had issue.

Thomas Hood died about the year 1623, and was buried in Markfield Church. His second son, Thomas Hood, esq. married in 1625, Anne Handley, widow, daughter of Thomas Charlton, esq. of Sandiacre, in Derbyshire, and sister of Nicholas Charlton, esq. of Chilwell, Notts, by whom he left at his decease (with two daughters, Elizabeth, who d. in 1715, and Frances, m. to Philip Prime, esq. of Normanton,) a son and successor, Thomas Hood, esq. of Bardon Park, who m. first, Anne, eldest sister of John Stratford, esq. of Horston, in Warwickshire; and secondly, a lady named Eleanor. By the latter he left an only daughter, Elizabeth, m. to William Willington, esq. of Nottingham ; and by the former, with two daughters, Penelope, and Anne, the wife of Foxcroft, a son, Joh N Hood, esq. of Bardon Park, who m. about 1704, Mary, daughter of William Coape, esq. of Farnoe, in Derby, and had one son and two daughters, viz. Joh N, his heir. Elizabeth, who was killed by the fall of a chimney at her house in Bath, occasioned iy the high wind 14th March, 1757, called “Byng's wind,” from the circumstance of its prevailing at Spithead on that day, when Admiral Byng was shot. She m. Daniel Danvers, esq. of Liverpool, and had a son, DANIEL DANVERs, of Bath, who m. Mary, daughter and heir of Matthias King, esq. of Hackney, and dying 19th October, 1779, aged forty-eight, left issue,

Daniel, captain of marines, d. unm. in 1807. Charles. John, married and had issue. Mary, d. unm. Elizabeth, m.toSamuel Howse, esq. of Bath, and d. s. p. in 1787. Sarah, who m. the Rev. Robert Jacomb, of Laurence Pountney Hill, London, and d. s. p. in 1791. Mr. Jacomb's son, by his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of William Hillhouse, esq. of Clifton. Robert JA comb, esq. inherited Bardon Park, and having assumed the surname of Hood, is the present Mr. Hood, of Bardon. Mary, d. unm. in 1707. Mr. Hood d. 19th January, 1714-15, and was s. by his son, Joh N Hood, esq. of Bardon Park, who m. Cecilia, sister and co-heir of William Snell, esq. of Clapham, in Surrey, and by her, who died 18th October, 1799, in her eightieth year, had William, his heir. John, died unmarried, 3rd February, 1792, aged thirty-seven. Edmund, who died unmarried, 16th February, 1832, in his seventyseventh year. Mary, died unmarried in 1758. Mr. Hood d. 25th August, 1756, and was s. by his eldest son, Willia M Hood, esq. of Bardon Park, b. in 1744, barrister-at-law, and, at the period of his decease, senior bencher of the Inner Temple. He m. in 1782, Mary, daughter of Charles Buxton, esq. of Braxted, in Essex, but dying without issue, 16th May, 1833, devised his estates to (his mother's grandnephew) his cousin, Robert JAcomb, esq. who has assumed the surname and arms of Hood, and is the present Robert-Jacomb Hood, esq. of Bardon Park.

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She wedded, in 1684, Sir Edmund Harrison, knt., of Laurence Pountney Hill, in the city of London, and died in 1731, aged seventyseven, leaving issue, Fiennes Harrison, d. unm.

Mary Harrison, m. to Samuel Read, esq. of Hackney, in Middlesex. Cecilia HARRiso N, of whom presently. Sarah Harrison, m. to Joel Watson, esq. of Clapham, in Surrey. Jane Harrison, m. to Matthias King, esq. of Hackney, in Middlesex. The second daughter and co-heir, CECILIA HARRison, m. William Snell, esq. of Laurence Pountney Hill, and of Walthamstow, and by him, who d. 4th July, 1759, aged sixty-seven, had issue, William SNEll, of Clapham, many years a director of the East India Company, and afterwards of the Bank of England ; m. Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin Bond, esq. of London, and relict of Joseph Brooksbank, esq, of Healaugh Manor, Yorkshire, but d. without issue, 16th January, 1789, aged sixty-nine. CECILIA SNELL, co-heir to her brother, m. Joh N Hood, esq. of Bardon Park, and died in 1790, leaving, with other issue, a son, WILLIAM Hood, esq. of Bardon Park. MARY SNEll, co-heir to her brother, m. William Jacomb esq. of Laurence

Pountney Hill, and dying 10th December, 1784, left issue, THE Rev. Robert JA comb, o Wellingborough, in Northamptonshire, who m. first, Sarah, daughter of Daniel Danvers, esq. but by that lady had no issue, and secondly, in 1793, Elizabeth, dau. of William Hilhouse, esq. of Clifton, by whom, who died at Bath, 13th October, 1806, he had Robert JAcomb, who assumed the surname of Hood. Thomas Jacomb, who m. Janet, fourth dau. of Nathaniel Pierce, esq. of Wellingbro' in Northamptonshire, and has three sons and one dau. viz. Thomas. Edmund. William. Janet. Cecilia-Lucy Jacomb, m. to William-Wilkin Wilkin, esq. of Costessy, in Norfolk, and had issue.

Arms—Az. a fret arg. on a chief sa. three crescents or; quartering SNELL, HARRiso N, FIENNES, &c. &c. Crest—A demi-talbot, collared and lined. Motto—Manners maketh man. Estates—In Leicestershire. Seat—Bardon Park, Leicestershire.


SPENS, ARCHIBALD, esq. of Manor House, Inveresk, North Britain, lieutenantcolonel in the Hon. East India Company's service, b. 22nd

June, 1765, m.
daughter of Arundel Phillip, esq. of Exeter, and has had



Charlotte. Jane,

7th December, 1797, Charlotte, second

ARCHIBALD, in the East India Company’s civil service,
Bombay establishment, b. 17th August, 1809, m. 18th
November, 1829, Harriet-Ochterloney, eldest daughter
of Colonel Thomas Valiant, of the 48th regiment, and

Archibald-Lockhart, b. 28th February, 1834.
Arundel-Thomas, b. 16th May, 1835.
Charlotte-Henrietta. -
Thomas, an officer in the East India Company's service,
b. in 1810, and d. in January, 1832.
Arundel, b. 19th January, 1813, d. in April, 1820.

Mary, d. in infancy.

Margaret-Hope, ; d. young.


Lieutenant-Colonel Spens succeeded to the representation of the ancient family of Spens of Lathallan on the demise of his brother in 1800.

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The family of SPENs is of very high antiquity in Scotland, and in the opinion of some authors, descended from a younger son of the Earl of Fife, as it had been in the use of carrying in its armorial bearings the lion rampant of the great Macduff, which denotes descent from that illustrious house. There were many considerable free barons of the name of Spens, who made a good figure both at home and abroad, several centuries ago, but that of Lathallan is documented for three or four generations before any of the others existed. The Spenses of Kilspindy, who are undoubtedly descended of Lathallan, made a considerable figure in the reigns of Kings JAMEs I. and II. but are now extinct. The Spenses of Bodham, in Aberdeenshire, which still exist, have been free barons ever since the time of JAMES III. and several other Spenses in the same county; also the Spenses of Berryhole, in Fife, &c. &c. are all descended of Lathallan, which their armorial bearing testifies. The family of Wolmerston, another great branch of the name of Spens, produced many worthy patriots, who did honour to their country, both in the cabinet and in the field, and had also the lion rampant in their armorial bearings. Count de Spens, who ranked amongst the first of the Swedish nobility, and was generalissimo of their forces, descended from the house of Wolmerston, but that branch of the family is now entirely extinct in Scotland. The immediate ancestor of the family of Lathallan, HENRY de SpeNs, who flourished in the reign of King Alexander III. was compelled with most of the nobility and gentry of Scotland, to submit to King EDWARD III. in 1296. Contemporary with this Henry lived Nicol de Spens, who was also forced to swear fealty to King Edward, when he had overrun Scotland in the same year, 1296. What connexion Henry and Nicol had with one another does not appear. Henry died soon after the year 1300, and was succeeded by his son, THoMAs DE SPENs, who in the reign of Robert BRUce, is mentioned in a charter of donation to the monastery of Soltray, together with Sir Robert Keith, great marishall of Scotland, Sir Richard Keith, his brother, and John Keith, his son, &c. &c. This charter has no date, but appears to have been granted about the year 1320. He is witness in another charter to the same monastery, with the said Sir Robert Keith, &c. This charter also wants a date, but must have been in or before 1332, in which year Sir Robert Keith lost his life fighting in defence

of the liberties of his country, at the disastrous battle of Duplin. Thomas de Spens died shortly after, and was succeeded by his son, WILLIAM DE SPENs, who is mentioned in an authentic writ in favour of his son, hereafter narrated. He left issue, two sons, WILLIAM, his heir. Walter de Spens, who is witness in a will of the Bishop of Aberdeen, together with Robert, Earl of Fife and Monteath, anno 1382, but we can give no account of his posterity. William died in the end of the reign of BAvid BRUCE, and was succeeded by his eldest son, WILLIAM DE SPENs, who was proprietor of the lands and barony of Lathallan, in Fifeshire, and several others, of which the Earls of Fife were superiors, till the forfeiture of Murdock, Duke of Albany and Earl of Fife, in 1425, after which this family held these lands of the crown, and Lathallan hath been their chief seat and title ever since the reign of Robert II. He married Isabel, daughter and heiress of Duncan Campbell, of Glen-Douglas, Tarbit, &c. in Dumbartonshire. This is instructed by a precept for infefting “William de Spens (therein designed son of William) and Isabel Campbell, his spouse, in the lands of Athaland, Kittedie, and Craig-Sanguhar, in the county of Fife, also the lands of Glen-Douglas, &c. in Dumbartonshire, and some tenements in and about the town of Perth, &c.” The precept is dated the 5th, and the sasine following thereon, the 16th May, 1385. In consequence of this marriage the family of Lathallan, with several of their cadets, added to their arms girony of eight, the paternal coat of the family of Argyll. We shall only further observe that many descendants of this family have carried lozenges or mascles, as well as the lion, in their armorial bearings. This William entered into an indenture with Duncan, Earl of Lennox, and with the consent of the said Isabel Campbell, his spouse, lets to the said earl for his lifetime, allenarly, part of the lands of Glen-Douglas, Tarbit, &c. for six merks yearly of lackduty, &c. This curious deed is dated at Strealing, the 25th of July, 1392, to which Robert, Earl of Fife and Monteith, Sir Patrick de Graham, Sir Walter Buchanan, Duncan Campbell, &c. &c. are witnesses. William de Spens afterwards got a charter from the Earl of Fife, which was ratified and confirmed in plerio parliamento, by a charter under the great seal from King JAMEs I. Willielmo Spens et Isabellae Campbell ejus sponsa, terrarum de Lathallan,

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