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to which proposal they consenting, he Delaware Indian, named Jack, after accordingly set out from thence, and the Engl:th, whose language they arrived in Britain, with full inten- could underitand; and that by him tion to return to them with some of they were conducted to the Dulaware his countrymen, in order to t-ach towns, where they tarried one year, these Indians Christianity. But I was and returned ; that the French fent acquainted that, not long after his ar- white man with them property furnish. rival, he was taken fick, and died, ed to bring back an account of their which put an end to his schemes. country who, the Indians fiid, could

Sutton farther told us that among not return in less than 14 years, for the Delaware tribe of Indiars he ob- they lived a great way towards the ferved iheir women to follow exactly Sun setting. li is now, Sutton says, the custom of the Jewish women, in about 10 or 12 years since they went keeping separate from the rest feven away. He added, that the Deladays at certain times as prescribed in wares observe the feast of firit fruits; the Mosaic Law; that from some old or the green corn fealt. men among them he had heard the The following is an account given following traditions : that of old time by Captain Ifaac Stewart, taken from their people were divided by a river, his own mouth, in March 1782, and pine parts in ten passing over the river, inferted in the Public Advertiser, and one part tarrying behind; that Oet. 8th, 1785. they knew not for certainty how they “ I was taken prisoner about 50 came first to this continent, but ac miles to the Westward of Fort Pitt, count thus for their coming into these about 18 years ago, by the Indians, parts near where they are now settl. and was carried by them to the Wa. ed: that a king of their nation, wben bash, with many more white men who they formerly lived far to the west, were executed with circumstances of left his kingdom to bis two fons; that horrid barbarity. It was my good the one son making war upon the o- fortune to call forth the sympathy of ther, the latier thereupon determined what is called the good woman of the to depart and seek some new habita-, town, who was permitted to redeem tion ; that accordingly he set out ac me from the flames, by giving, as my companied by a number of his people, ransom, a horse. and that after wandering to and fro After remaining two years in bonfor the space of 40 years, they at dage among the Indians, a Spaniari length came to Delaware river, where came to the Nation, having been fent they fettled, 370 years ago. The way, from Mexico on discoveries. He he sags, they keep an account of this, made'application to the chiefs for reis by putting on a black bead of wam-- deeming me and another white man, pum every year since, on a belt they who was in a like lituation, named have for that purpose.

John Davey (David) which they comHe farther added, that the king of plied with. And we took our departhat country from whence they came, ture in company with the Spanjärd to some years ago, when the French were the Westward, crolling the Mililipi in poffeffion of Fort Duquesne, fent near Rouge or Red River, op which out some of his people, in order if we travelled 700 miles,' when we possible, to find out that part of their came to a nation of Indians remarknation that departed to seek a new ably White, and whose hair was of a country, and that these men, after reddish colour, at least mostly fo. seeking fix years, came at length to They lived on the banks of a small the picke town on the Oubache river, river, which is called the River Pett: and there happened to meet with a lo the morning of the day after our


arrival, the Welsh man informed me Florida, and that on the Spaniards that he was determined to remain with taking poffeffion of Mexico, they fled them, giving as a reafon, that he un to their then abode.

And as a proof derstood their language, it being very of the truth of what he advanced, he little different from the Welth. My brought forth rolls of parchment, curiosity was excited very much by which were carefully tied up in otters this information, and I went with my skins, on which were large characters companion to the chief men of the written with blue ink. The charactown, who informed him in a lan- sters I did not understand, and the guage that I had no knowledge of, and Welthman being unacquainted with which had no affinity to that of oher letters even of his own language, I Indian

tongues that I ever heard) that was not able to know the meaning their forefathers of this nation came of the writing. They are a bold, from a foreign country, and landed on hardy, and intrepid people, very warthe east side of the Millilippi, defcrib- like, and the women beautiful when ing particularly the country now called compared with other Indians.”

Miscellaneous Extracts from Sir John Sinclair's Statistical Account of




sand, which probably had fallen from Diseases.

his victuals into some fack forned in Man called William Badie, or the stomach by the weight of the

Beatie, a shoemaker, died a few ftoces. the tiones muit have been weeks

ago in Linton. About 16 or lodged in his ftiniach for abuut 16 17 years since, being amlieted with sto- years. mach complaints, contracted by drink

Poor. ing cold water when overheated in. In 1782—3, people were some. harvest, he was advised to swallow times discovered living on nettles, or ftones to help digestion, after the man potatoes, without meal, and were reDer of birds with muscular stomachs. lie ved ; particularly one poor house. He was ever after aflicted with vio- holder, a day-labourer, who was relent stomach complaints, and frequent pored to the minister as sick and vomitings, with a long train of ner- starving. He was found exlautted vous symptoms. He never suspected with liunger; and said, that he fet an that the stones had lodged in his fto. o'ercosting at his heart, and his lights mach, till happening to be seized with were ay ready to lose the fff. Some a vomiting lying across a bed, with Port wine, and a supply of meat, put his head and body reclined downwards, him in heart, and made him fit for and supporting himself with his hands work. The people lived then moltly on the floor, several stones came up. on very wholsome white pease , brought The man was of decent chara&ter, and from Leith. from his own, and his neighbours reports, there is no doubt of the fact.

PARISH OF TINWALD. The largest stone was the fize of a

Eminent Mhen. finger end. He threw up 13, which, The famous Parerion, who, it is being the Devil's dozen, might pro- said, planned the Darian scheme, the bably be the number swallowed. Lat- Bank of England, &c. was born at terly, his surgeon made hiin vomit in Skipmyre, a farm in the old parish of an inclined polition, and he threw up Trailflat, about the year 1660. He


does not seem to have been an obfcure dicted. There is not within the
Scotchman, as a certain writer ftiles bounds of this parish a single bull, nor
him; he more than once represented a male of any other species, except a
Dumfries, &c. in the Scotch Parlia- féw goats and rams, with horns. The
ment. The same house gave birth to experiment the philosopher wished for
his grand nephew, Dr James Moun. has been tried a thousand times, and
fey, first physician for many years to the result has been observed to be a
the Empress of Russia. The widow, calf, sometimes with, and sometimes
who now enjoys the farm, is sister to without horns, but never, is tise Duc-
Dr John Rogerson, who succeeded Dr tor most probabiy expected, an unicorn.
Mounsey as first physician to the Em-



A few years ago, a man died above The people live not in towns or 90, who, about 8 months before his villages, and moft of them are employ- which he employed till near his last

death, got a complete set of new teeth, ed in agriculture, which is favourable at once to health, longevity, and mo- four times married, had children by

breath to excellent purpose. He was rals. Within these 20 years, at least 12 persons have died in the lower all his wives, and at the baptiím of his parts of Galloway, from 100 to 115 before his death, with an air of com

last child, which happened not a year years old. William Marshall, a link er in this place, is now 118. He placency expressed his thankfulness to

his Maker for having might pass for a man of 60.

at last fent His faculties are unimpaired, and he walks him the cled fcore,” i. e. 21. through the country with ease. Productions.

PARISH OF CRAMOND. The Galloway catile have one cha

Eminent Men. racterisțic which naturalists may think Of perfuns meriting to be particuincredible; they are almalt all with larly mentioned, the most distinguished out horns! Dr Samuel Johnson, in his eminent men, who were either natives journey to the Western Islands, (Lon- of, or relidept proprietors in the padon edition, 1775, p. 186), has the rish, are, ift, John Elphinston, second following norable passage : “ Of their Lord Balmerinoch, a nobleman noted ç back cattle, some are without for his fpirited opposition to the tyran“ horns, called by the Scots, bumble nical proceedings of Charles I. for

cors, as we call a bee a humble bee which he narrowly escaped lufing his " that wants a iting. Whether thiş head, and for being the best friend “ difference be specific or accidental, that the Covenaoters ever had, as he “ though we enquired with great di- spent a great fortune in support of " ligence, we could not be inforned, their cause. 2d, Sir Thomas Hope of “ We are not very sure that the bull Grantoun, well known as one of the o is ever without horns, though we ableft and most successful lawyers at 6 have been told that such buils there the Scottish bar, to whose unremitted 66 are. What is produced by putting exertions, and found advice, the firm

horned and an unhorned male and establishment of the Presbyterian mode 6 female together, no man has ever of worship in this kingdom is in a great * tried, who thought the result wor m-asure owing. 3d, Sir William “ thy of observation.” Though it Hope of Grantoun, his grandson, who may favour of arrogance, the high au- was distinguished for iuperior profithority quoted must be flatly contra- ciency in all the fashionable accome,


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plishments of the times in which he and was so called, because, as the lived, particularly for great skill in monks fay, the place was " divina refencing, on which he published a ce. velatione præmonftratum.lebrated treatise. 4th, That fine fcho. lar, and pleasant companion, but craf PARISH OF DALMENY. ty and Nippery ftatesman, George

Minerals. Mackenzie, firit Earl of Cromarty, There


be mentioned a fing whore numerous

works are well lar basaltic rock upon the south lide known. 5th, John Law of Laurief- of Dundas-bill, 250 yards long, and ton, Comptroller General of the fi. generaliy about 60 or 70 feet high.. nances in France, one of the most ex This rock is almost perpendicular in iraordinary characters that this or any its front, and consists of light bluish other country has produced, to whole granite, of a very close and fine tex. great merit and abilities sufficient ju. ture : the masses are in an irregular it ce has not yet been done. 6th, Geo. colunnar state, separated by channels Cleghorn, an eminent physician in or furrows;


well defined reDub:in, the first person that establish- gular prilms are to be observed. At ed what could, with any degree of the foct of the steep, and almost perpropriety, be called an anatomical pendicular bank on which this rock school in Ireland. 7th, William Cleg. lies, is a morals of about 9 acres of horn, who was associated with his Thell 'marl. But what is chiefly reuncle George, just now mentioned, markable and valuable as a mineral in as Professor of Anatomy in Trinity this parish, is the vast bed of freeCollege, Dublin, but died soon after- stone upon the sea-coast. A quarry of wards in 1783, at the age of 28, uni- this excellent stone has been wrought versally regretted.

to the extent of three acres a little to

the west of the borough of Queenf. PARISH OF HOLYWUOD IN DUMFRIES- ferry; and, besides supplying the de

mands of the neighbourhood, great Antiquities.

quantities of it were privately exported THE Abbey of Holywood stood in for building the fortifications and quay the site of

part of the present church- of Dunkirk. All the fine stone carv. yard. About half of the head of the ings of Earl Fife's elegant house at crofs of this abbey was standing in the Banff were executed here upon the year 1779, when it served for the pa- spot, and sent thi her in cases by sea. rith church. There remains, howe. A large baptismal font, 5 feet in diaver, were then pulled down, and the meter, intended for the Continent, materials used, in part, for building the with its bottom uppermost, and cover. present new church. The vestiges of ed with fea-weed and shell fish, lies ihe old abbey are sufficiently evident opposite to this quarry a good way in the church-yard ; and the adjoin within the sea mark; and which the ing farm retains the name of Abbey. antiquary might fancy to be one of the The present church has two fine toned remains of some Popish church once bells, taken out of the old building ; standing there, that had been overone of which, by an inscription and whelmed by the sea. Grindstones are date on it, appears to have been con- manufactured at this


and ansecrated by the Abbot John Wrich, nually exported to the countries' on in the year 1154. From undoubted the Baltic. It is said, that here and records, this abbey belonged to the elsewhere on the coast in this parish, monks of the order of Premontré, there is such a quantity of free-stone, which was instituted in the diocese of that scarcely any demand could exLoon in France, in the year 1120, haust it, с VOL. XIV. No. 79.




year old

L. 2 10

Eminent llen.

in the forcquarter, are in luis danger The late William Wilkic, D. D. of being gored by each other, and are born in the village of Echlin in this more compact in their hape. The parish, Oe. 5. 1721, and educated at prevailing colours are black and brown; the school of Daimenv. After revolve white is not efteened. They are even ing the history of ancient families ia in the back, square and deep io the this and other parishes, many of which rib, and short in the leg; and so are fallen into decline, and may per- healthy, that they fitten sooner than haps pass into oblivion, it may bi ob- any other: They cost in the country, Served, that the memory of a man of when genius and learning is i fs fubject to Oine perifh. Tie Epigoniod will probably Two years old

5 10 be always admired. Without speak- Three ditto

7 7 ing of the happy choice of the subject, Four disto

8 8 ant of the merit of many of the cha- Trey used to be sent to the English racters in that epic poem, it may be

marnets when fuur years old; but now enough to say, that the episode of too many of them are leat fooner. Hercules, t, ken by itself, is sufficient This county sends many thousands to courie ihe poet to perpetual fame. to these markets every year; and his Dr Wilkie was chiftingo red for a fin- parith brieds annually between five gular compass cfkoon! dgan chicf and fx hundred. They are about ly for an originality of geoirs. In his thingy-eight days in travelling to the youth he cultivated a finall 'aim, and Norfošk markers, and cost about 185. Itruggled long ard tard with perury. per head driving and feeding. When He was afterwards mini er of Ratho; they have finished their journey, it is and lattly protefior of Natural Pilofo- fupposed they have lost

, through faphy in the University of St Ancrews, tigue, above one-eighth of their weight. where he died in 1975, in his 52d To this add the losses occasioned by year.

diseases, by freights, heats, bad wa

ter, lame eis, and other causes. Such PARISH OF SORDIE.

losses affect not only tie proprietors of Catile, Wool, &c.

droves, but also the public, by advan: Tie black catile of this parish and cing the price of beef. Here the unneig bourhood are of the belt quality. friendly operation of the falt-laws apLord Galloway thinks be has improv- pcars in a very clear light. Were it ed the size and shape of the original not for them, the vast herds of cattle breed, by introducing Weitmorland produced by this truly fertile

country balls. His Lordinip gave new life might be slaughtered and salied at to a spirit of cmulation among the hume for the use of his Majesty's nabreeders, by a premium of a very vy, trading veilels, &c. handíome silver cup, which he be Some of the most ancient breed of Howed every year on the person who Galloway hories are among the mouhproduced the best four year old oxor tainous and less improved parts of the cow. With respect to Galloway catile country. They are faid to be very in general, those in the murs differ hardy, easily maintained, and high fpionly from these in the improved part rited. This breed is well attended of the country in their fize. The last to in Cumberland, where it is much description of cattle weigh when fåt improved by creffes with Fnglish 50, the first about 40 stone. Most of horses. A larger breed is prefired the cattle are without horns, and are here, as bcing more fit for the purpofes preferred to such as have them ; be. of draught and agriculture. Through cause they are supposed to be deeper the attention of the noblemen and


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