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things to their view, and has no little tact Mrs. HOFFLAND has another tale in the in taking advantage of the prevailing inter. press, entitled “ Decision " est and apropos of the moment. Ja the pre It is reported that “The Memoirs of a face to the present work he irresistibly ar late celebrated English Countess," the inrests public attention by the following por. timate friend of an Illustrious Personage, tentous flourish of trumpets, " It must not written by herself, will appear in the course be concealed that all that has been passing of the present month. in the two hemispheres during the last We understand that a new Translation of thirty years has been only the prelude to « Josephus, the Jewish Historian,” has the action, the denouement of which is now lately been undertaken by a Clergyman of at hand. Never has there been a grander the Established Church. spectacle offered to the eyes of mankind; Captain BROOKE has the following works never have results more important to hu- nearly ready for the press, viz.maoity been on the point of accomplish 1. A Narrative of a short Residence in ment. See if I exaggerate, and say, if at Norwegian Lapland, with an account of a this hour, as in former times, the combat is Winter's Journey performed with Reinonly fron; man to man, and not of a world Deer, through Norwegian Russia, and Swed. to a world; if the present question is of the ish Lapland, interspersed with numerous interest of individuals, and not rather of plates and various particulars relating to the interest of the species ; of the ascer the Laplanders. taining of certaia portions of territory, and 2. Lithographic illustrations of a Journot rather of the assigning the place and ney across Lapland, from the shores of the rank which man should occupy in society. Polar Sea to the Gulf of Bothoia, chiefly The result is inevitable. For a long period with Rein-Deer, and during the mouth of it has been evident that the time for set- December, showing the manner in which tling the great social question was at hand; the Laplanders perform their winter Expeand that from discussions to discussions we ditions, the appearances of the Northern should at length arrive at the foundation Lights, and the most striking features and of the question. At that point we now incidents that occurred during the above are.” There is a morceau to make the period. mouth of the most lukewarm politician wa.
MOST IMPORTANT DISCOVERY. ter! Blessed are the publishers that have such brochure writers as M. de Pradt. The
The learned President, Sir Humphrey learned Abbé then takes an eagle-fight Davy, bart. in a paper on the cause of the round Europe, throwing a rapid glance at
corrosion and decay of copper used for each of its states as he wings his way, and covering the bottoms of ships, read before then skins over the Atlantic, where he is the Royal Society, has pointed out a simequally concise yet comprehensive. The ple, effectual, and economical method of titles of some of the chapters are not a little remedying this evil. The cause, he ascerpiquant, and afford a characteristic speci- tained, was a weak, chemical action, which men of the quick presto-begone and frisky is constantly exerted between the saline manner in which our lively neighbours can
contents of sea water and the copper. He treat the most vast and important matter.
finds that a very small surface of tin, or E. g. Coup d'eil sur le monde in six pages with a large surface of copper, renders it
other oxidable metal, any where in contact The same upon Europe-Can Europe be
Constitutional :-Has Europe the negatively electrical, that sea water bas no right of becoming Constitutional ? Ancient action upon it; and a little mass of tin and modern Civilization in Europe-Real brought even in communication by a wire state of the social World— The Wish of with a large plate of copper, entirely preEurope-Liberty of the Press in 1822–
serves it. By the desire of the Lords of with many others of equally attractive ti the Admiralty, he is now bringing this
distles. But notwithstanding this little dash covery to actual practice on ships of war. of Charlatanism, there is both information A patent, which had for its object the remaand a certain degree of talent in the book. edying of the same evil, was lately taken At all events it will sell, and be talked of, out by Mr. Mushet, of the Mint; and it is and that is the chief look out both of writer
a curious fact, that the means he recom. and publisher.
mends for improving the copper employed in sheathing is-alloying it with a very
small portion of tin, or of zinc, or of arsenINTELLIGENCE.
ic, or of antimony. Dr. Souther (the Laureate) is about to publish “ A Tale of Paraguay," in a 12mo
USE OF SUGAR AS AN ANTIDOTE TO volume.
LEAD IN CASES OF POISONING. An Epic Poem is shortly expected from The following fact has been stated by M. the pen of the Ettrick Shepherd, entitled Reynard to the Société des Sciences of “Queen Hynde."
of Lisle. During the campaign of Russia Among the literary novelties of the day, several loaves of sugar had been enclosed we hear that " Memoirs of Captain Rock, in a chest containing some flasks of extract the celebrated Irish Chieftain,with some Ac- of lead. One of these flasks having been count of his Ancestors,” are about to make broken, the liquid escaped, and the sugar thcir appearance, written by himself! became impregnated with it. During the
distresses of the campaign it was necessary
LITERARY DISCOVERY. to bare recourse to this sugar; but far from A Latin MS., undoubtedly by Milton, producing the fatal results which were ex long supposed to be irrecoverably lost, has pected, the sugar formed a salutary article just been discovered at the State Paper Ofof nourishment to those who made use of it, fice. The subject is religious, and the arand gave them a degree of vigor and ac- guments are all drawn from the Scriptures. tivity which was of the greatest service in There are many Hebrew quotations, and enabling them to support the fatigues of the work is one of considerable bulk, as it marching. Hence M. Reynard thinks that contains 785 pages, many of them closely sugar might be adopted for preventing the written, and believed to be in the bandeffects of subacetate of lead, instead of the writing of the poet's nephew, Phillips, sulphates of soda, and of magnesia, which with many interlineations in a different are not always at haod.
hand. It was found in an envelope ad. MRS. FRY.
dressed to Cyriac Skinner, Merchant. The At Chelmsford Sessions the Magistrates situation which Milton held, of Latin Secdiscussed the question whetber some re- retary to Cromwell, will account for such a spectable females of that town, disciples of discovery being made in the State PaperOffice. Mis Fry, should he allowed to visit the
MR. BELZONI. prisoners in the gaol occasionally ; and, The following is part of a letter received on coming to a vote, they rescinded, by a from this indefatigable traveller, dated Cape majority of twenty-five to seven, the per: Coast,* Oct. 26th, by a gentleman of Cammission which had been given by three of bridge:the fire visiting magistrates. The prison, "I write to you, my dear friend, by a it was said, was a Church of England es. transport which is just sailing for Eng. tablishment, aod it might be dangerous to land, and send you a few lines in haste. permit Sectarians to give instructions to
I cannot enter at present into a detail of the prisoners ! Besides, prayers from the all the events which brought me to this liturgy were read every morning by the coast, but reserve them till I write you Chaplaio, as directed by the late act, and it
more fully. I am only able now to tell would be extremely indelicate, and hurtful you, that I am going to take a northern to his feelings as a minister and a gentle direction from the kingdom of Benint, mao, to permit others to interfere with the straight up to Haussa Benin is situated moral improvement of the prisoners ! on the east of this coast, and the route i ST. GEORGE'S CHURCH,
jotend to take is over a tract of land enLiverpool, is an object of considerable ar. tirely unknown, so that I hope I shall not chitectural interest for its taste, and having be deemed an intruder in the path of northa been nearly the first cast-iron church erect ern travellers. I shall endeavour to give ed in the kingdom, the whole of the frame. you a full account, if possible from Benin ;. work of the windows, doors, pillars, groins, but I fear it will be a long time before you roofs, pulpit, and ornamental enrichments receive any of my letters from that quarare of cast-iron. The length is 119 feet; ter. If God please, I hope to meet the Nithe breadth 47. It is ornamented by a ger on the east of Haussa, previous to my splendid window of stained glass. Tbe reaching the capital of that kingdom. I tower raised to the beight of 96 feet, and shall not fail to write to you by the first opstanding on a bill, the site of an ancient portunity of a caravan to the north. I sea-beacon, is elevated 345 feet above high- could not take many notes of what I could water park, and commands one of the fin-' observe at this place, and I am surprised est views in the kiogdom, comprehending that so little is known of it in England, or, the tows and shipping of Liverpool, the indeed of the settlements on this coast. In estuary of the Mersey, the level surface of iny voyage here, I fortunately met with an Lancashire, as far as the eye can trace the English gentleman, captain of a man of prospect, with the craggy hills of Wales to. war, a native of Plymonth, who, in consewards the west, and towards the north-east quence of the death of Sir R. Mends, has the distant mountains of Cumberland and taken the command of the squadron on Westmoreland.
this coast, as senior officer. He is enthuCHLORINE, A REMEDY IN FEVER. siastic in every thing that relates to dis-,
Dr. Brown employs chlorine in solution covery, and I feel myself highly indebted in cases of the scarlet fever, he says with
to this gentleman for the kind assistance the utmost success. From a tea-spoonful, he has afforded me in the furtherance of to a table-spoonful is given every two or
my views; and it is grateful to me, and I three hours, without the addition of any
thank God, that I have met with an Enge. other substance. The solution should be liahman who has in some measure balanced fresh, and swallowed quickly to avoid
the injuries I have sustained from those I coughing; in the sore throat sometimes will not name to you at Tangier. Rememaccompanying the fever, it is more easily ber me most kindly to all friends. I shall swallowed than mucilaginous drinks. As write to you again as
soon as I am able." the disease declines, the quantity of medi * Cape Coast Castle is a fortress on the coast of cine is diminished: the whole quantity Guinea, in latitude 5 deg. north. It is the chief of in the cases of children has never exceeded
our settlements in those parts.
| Benin is seated near the river of the same name, to ounces, and in adults five ounces. in latitude 8 deg. 40 min. north
hair was perfectly preserved, five, and a Two mumınics, lately brought from little curled. On the left side was an openEgypt by M. Caillaud, were lately opened ing, about five inches in diameter, by which at Paris. One of these had been remarked the balsam was introduced into the body. for its size and extraordinary weight. The
Under the cloth which covered the face behead bore a crown, formed of plates and
low each eye, on the ball of the cheek, a buttons of copper gilt, imitating the leaves gold plate was found, with the representaand young fruit of the olive. Attention was tion of an eye with the lids. On the mouth also much attracted by the case, on wbich
was another plate, with a representation of were painted figures resembling those on a tongue placed perpendicularly to the clos. the zodiac of Denderah. A Greek inscrip
ing of the lips, which were fast shut. The tion was also observed upon it, nearly de
conjectures respecting their usages are of faced. The name of Pentemenon was found course vague and unsatisfactory. also on a bit of papyrus, which seemeil to
The six Universities in the kingdom of the have been placed between the folds of the
Netherlands contain the following propordress. Much curiosity having been excited
tion of students. Liege, 446; Leyden, 402; respecting it, M. M. Caillaud consented to Utrecht, 377; Louvain, 326 ; Ghent, 286 ; open it. There were present a great num
Groningen,!290 ; Total, 2127. Jn 1323, no ber of distinguished persons. The mummy
less a sum than 242,246 florins was wholly was first weighed in its envelopements, and
devoted to these objects, out of a revenue by found to be 106 killo. The length was lm.
no means over-abundant. 'I his amount is 90c.; the size of the head 42c.; and its cir
entirely independent of provincial and local cumference im. 38c.; the breadth of the expenditure for the same purposes. shoulders was 47c. &c. &c. After this an
EGGS AND POTATOES. outer bandage was taken off, which confined The Scotch method of preserving eggs, to the body a cloth covered with paintings by dipping them in boiling water, which de. and hieroglyphics little observed in Egypt. stroys the living principle, is too well Under this were other wrappings, solid, and known to need farther notice. The preserforming the first envelope, which were easi. vation of potatoes, by a similar treatment, ly removed. The second envelope was fast. is also a valuable and useful discovery, ened round the neck with a koot, which the Large quantities may be cured at once, by sailors call a flat knot (næud plat). Beneath putting them into a basket as large as the were a few finer bandages, like napkins or vessel containing the boiling water will adlarge pieces of cloth. In the next envelope, mit, and then just dipping them a minute or larger, thicker, and older bandages were two at the utmost. The germ, which is so found; also four Egyptian tunics, without near to the skin, is thus " killed,” without sleeves and unsewn, to apply them close to injuring the potatoe. In this way several the body. This was fixed by black bitumen tons might be cured in a few hours. They round the Mead and feet. The next envel should then be dried in a warm oven, and ope consisted of bandages placed length laid up in sacks or casks, secure from the ways, from the fect to the head, with trans frost, in a dry place. Another method of versal bands ; four large pieces then wrap preserving this valuable root is, first to peel ped the body, of the finest linen. The sixth them, then to grate them down to a pulp, envelope was formed of transversal bands, which is put into coarse cloths, and the of a yellow colour, from the bitumen in water squeezed out by putting them into a which they had been soaked. After this common press, by which means they are were fifteen pieces of a similar colour. The formed into flat cakes. seventh and last envelope was saturated Died, at the age of 126 years and 3 days, with black bitumen, and formed six differ.
Mr Thadey Doorley, a respectable farmer, ent pieces, stuck together with balsam, residing near the Hill of Allen, county of After which came a slender covering, and Kildare. He retained his faculties to the then the body. The toes were wrapped last moment, and was able to take field separately; the arms and hands were ex
amusement within the last six months of tended on the thighs. The subject was of his life. He was married about nineteen the masculine sex, and appeared about years ago, at the age of one hundred and forty-five or fifty years of age at inost. The
seven, to a woman of thirty-one years of length was 5 feet 3 inches 9 lines French
age. ineasure (about 5 feet 9 inches English).
NEW WORKS. The breast and part uf the abdomen were The Ionian, or Woman in the Nineteenth gilt. The body was filled with a black bal. Century; by Miss Repou. 3 vols, 11. Is. sam. No MS. was found; but large masses Henry Fitzroy, the Young Mids oman. of black balsam were discovered on the legs. 18mo. 2s, boards. The unrolling the body took three hours, and 2800 square feet of cloth were taken off.
JEUX D'ESPRIT. M. Caillaud found several parts of the arms were also gilt. The hands long, and very
To a Lady, on seeing her take her Watch from well preserved; the fingers well made and
her Bosom, complaining it did not go right. plump; the ears entire ; and the nose, al How could you, Mira, think that watch though injured by the extraction of the The measur'd pulse of time could catch, brain, little deformed. The face was less Where time's unkvown ? for what's placed there jurlineil than in ordinary mummies. The Loses all sense of time and care.
Of all the changes in this changing as it should be, for an Englishman
world, nothing has produced a dearly loves his money (will grumble greater change than
the effects of boil- at every item in his bill—find fault ing-water! Who would have formed with every thing out of it) and fight in an idea, when the adventurous Blan- noisy strise for every inch of ground to chard launched from the cliff to cross keep it in possession. But in the prethe Straits of Dover in his aërial car, sent day it is drawn out of our pockets that in the course of a few years we by commission, without the honour of should see our vessels stemming the a contest, and we find our cash making dashing wave, propelled by the pow. unto itself wings, without being allows ers of steam, and the whole journey ed the privilege of giving them a clip to from London to Paris performed on arrest its flight. Formerly, when a wheels! But it verifies the old re man quitted home to travel, it was mark—“ There will always be hot with the prospect of change in all its work between England and France.” varieties; and the incidental difficul. A man may now breakfast at Dover, ties on the road, as they enhanced the dine at Calais, and return back to sup- pleasures of the journey, were also anper. For my part, nothing but the ticipated long before setting out. Modquickness of the passage can reconcile ern improvement has now smoothed me to the loss of the old Dover bye- down all obstructions, and we may boats-The hearty hard-featured vete- travel from Dan to Beersheba without ran of a Captain, with his tough yarns; encountering a single peril. Howthe round-shouldered, easy, accommo- ever, nothing, in my opinion, can comdating mate ; the laborious and watch- pensate for the bustle, the confusion, ful crew; and above all, the mingled ihe hurrying of captains and mates, character of the steward, half sailor with their anxious faces—the being half laodsman, with his bottle of pore almost smothered with cards on alightter in one hand, bowsing at a rope ing at the Ship Ing or York Hotel, with the other, and the mop tucked and then we had our choice of perunder his arm. Then, to notice his forming the voyage in what vessel and patient endurance amid the calls of with whom we pleased —But now we “Steward, steward !” on one side, and are treated no better than Dilly passenviolent abuse on the other. But these gers (who carry their franks in their things have now passed away, and all faces) and must cither go by their boilevaporated into smoke. Formerly, ing kettles, and be steamed like an we used to be worried for half-a-crown image on the lid of a china tea-pot, or here, and five shillings there, and all remain at home. It was at the first of that sort of thing_Now that was just the Peace, when the whole herd of
17 ATHENEUM VOL. 1. new series.
John Bull's family were driving to the From Ewell the scenery was beautifulContinent, I rolled up my guineas, ly picturesque :—the road formed mid(sovereigns were not then in fashion, way down the side of a lofty hill; the though kings were all the go) in my meandering stream watering the pasleathern purse, having carefully count- tures and winding through the vale beed them first and appropriated each to low (now ornamented with Kersney its separate destination. The chaise Abbey, the seat of the late John F was at the door with four good beasts; Esq., and finely contrasted with the not that my haste required leaders, but humble steeple of the village church); then a pair of additional horses would the grand descent of the valley in give me an air of importance on the front, beyond which the British Chanroad, and obtain more respect than if a nel appeared rolling its waves in pride coronet had graced the pannel with on- and grandeur ;-while in the distance, ly two. Then, that requisite appen- like darkling specks upon the tide, dage, baggage --I have known many a just rising from the horizon, the high traveller who has been chiefly valued blue land of France was dimly seen ; for the number of his trunks, though -on the one hand, almost perpendicuprobably none of them were more larly above the town, the smooth green ihan half filled. However, all was sloping of the battery; and on the left settled to my mind, the postillions in the turrets of that hoary castle, framed their scarlet jackets mounted, and, to in history-I dearly love to pass an use the language of the novel-writers, hour within its walls, losing myself in I threw myself into the seat and we dreams of former days, and listening to drove off.' Oh, the glorious effects of the descriptions of Julius Cæsar's peace, how it harmonizes the mind! sword and all the panoply of the olden -I declare, by the time I reached times. What care I whether they are Canterbury, the congees and obsequi- genuine or not, I would not be undeousness of the landlords, (this name is ceived for double their worth. But to now degenerated into Proprietors, an- proceed, -we entered the town and other evidence of the ill effects of rattled down Snargate-street; while steam on old English customs,) the the phalanx of Touters followed like respectful bows and attention of a host hounds when the game is in view.* of waiters, pretty bar-maids, and hat- Out rushed a troop of waiters from the less hostlers, rendered me in perfect Ship, while W— with his powdergood humour with myself and every ed head, or the old lady in her coif body else, and I began to fancy my cap, all kindly stood to take in the per annum was some hundreds more stranger as he sojourned on the way. ihan it actually was. But my guineas, scarcely was my foot upon the pave- Ah, my poor guineas, one after the ment, when a motley group surrounded other, changed colour and became as me, thrusting their cards into my pale as silver, while the rest shivered hand, “ The fast-sailing Poll, sir, and rattled as if they had been troubled says one rough tar ; “ capital accomwith a galloping consumption. But modations, would you like to board the dinner and the wine at the Foun- her, sir ?"
6 The Countess of Elgin, tain ! -Well, if a man is to see the sir, belonging to the house of Lworld, he must pay for the liberty, commanded by Captain —, is the though he get cooped up in the King's first upon turn, sir,” cried a worthy Bench for the remainder of his days. old gentleman, who I recollected to The road between Canterbury and have seen in the same spot in the same Ewell was rather of a sombre cast, in- occupation, as Master of the Minerva, viting the mind to solitude; but who twenty years before ; and several oth: could reflect, that was going to France! Then, the dashing equipages returning, * Touters are a kind of mosquito fleet of small and bowing to the insides as they pass- craft ; i. e. men employed to worry passengers: ed; it inight be the Marquis or his either to embark in the vessels in whose interest gentleman; what did it signify, so that they are employed, or to transport travellers to che the balls on the coronet were right?
various inns. Their occupation is extremely imposing.